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UJVJIVU  (6f<r-) 


ID 


WAR  DIARY 


>>> 


^i 


German  Naval  Staff 
Operations  Division 


SEP  13  1948 


PART  A 


VOLUME  37 


UBCU  ' l 


DEC^ 


SEPTEMBER  1942 


B-1052 


J 


*• 


WAR  DIARY  OF  THE  GERMAN  NAVAL  STAFF 
(Operations  Division) 

PART  A 
September  19*2 


Chief,  Naval  Staff:  Grand  Admiral  Raeder,  Dr.  h.  e. 

Chief  of  Staff,  Naval  Staff:  Admiral  Frlcke 

Chief,  Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff:  Captain  Wagner 


Volume  37 


begun:  1  Sep.  19*12 

closed:        30  Sep.  19*2 


Sift  J* 


• 


CONFIDENTIAL 


OFFICE  OF  NAVAL  INTELLIGENCE 
Washington,  D.  C. 


Foreword 

1.  The  Office  of  Naval  Intelligence  has  undertaken  to  translate 
Important  parts  of  the  War  Diary  of  the  German  Naval  Staff.  The 
present  volume,  entitled  War  Diary  of  the  German  Naval  Staff,  Op- 
erations Division,  Part  A,  Volume  37  la  the  eleventh  one  of  the 
series  to  appear.  Other  volumes  will  follow  sTxorfly. 

2.  The  War  Diaries,  Fart  A,  are  Important  because  they  contain  a 
day  by  day  summary  of  the  Information  available  to  the  German  Naval 
Staff  and  the  decisions  reached  on  the  basis  thereof.  Together  with 
the  Fuehrer  Conferences  on  Matters  Dealing  with  the  German  Navy,  1939- 
1°^5<  which  have  been  published  by  this  office,  the  War  Diaries  should 
provide  valuable  material  for  the  study  of  naval  problems  arising  from 
total  war.  The  War  Diary,  Part  A,  is  also  a  useful  index  to  the  German 
Naval  Archives  of  World  War  II;  references  may  be  found  in  the  micro- 
film library  of  Naval  Records  and  Library. 

3.  Due  to  the  cost  of  publication,  only  a  limited  number  of 
copies  could  be  made;  it  is  therefore  desirable  that  the  copies 
which  have  been  distributed  are  made  available  to  other  offices 
which  may  be  Interested. 


Washington,  D.  C. 
19*8 


c 


' 


CONFIDENTIAL 
1  Sep.  1942 

Items  of  Political  Importance 

South  America: 

The  Transocean  News  Service  reports  with  regard  to  the  situation  in 
South  America  that  a  bill  calling  for  the  severance  of  relations  with 
the  Axis  powers  is  under  consideration  by  the  Argentine  Chamber  of 
Deputies,  and  that  the  bill  may  be  passed.   However,  since  the  Govern- 
ment controls  the  Senate  majority,  a  resolution  of  the  Chamber  of 
Deputies  would  not  be  binding. 

A  diplomatic  source  reveals  that  the  President  and  the  Foreign  Minister 
of  Chile  apparently  intend  to  delay  the  decision  about  the  attitude 
of  this  country  toward  the  Axis  until  after  the  President's  return 
from  a  trip  to  North  America.   A  sudden  change  of  the  policy  followed 
thus  far  is  hardly  to  be  expected,  unless  something  unusual  happens. 

It  is  reported  from  Columbia  that  this  country  is  actually  getting 
closer  and  closer  to  war. 

According  to  a  U.S.A.  news  agency  report,  President  Roosevelt's  South 
American  representative  is  visiting  the  different  countries  in  order 
to  reorganize  shipping. 

In  Uruguay  the  anti-Axis  government  policy  is  strongly  influenced  by 
Brazil  and  North  America.-  The  press  urges  war. 

Turkey: 

The  Foreign  Minister  stated,  categorically  to  the  German  Embassy  that 
there  is  only  one  possible  solution  of  the  problem  of  the  Russian  Black 
Sea  fleet:   Complete  internment  in  a  place  acceptable  to  the  Turkish 
Government,  but  positively  not  in  a  Mediterranean  port.   This  decision 
is  definitely  not  subject  to  negotiation  and  a  change  of  this  view- 
point is  absolutely  out  of  the  question. 

Japan: 

Reports  from  a  Swiss  and  an  American  journalist  have  it  that  the 
Japanese  have  found  great  quantities  of  raw  materials  in. the  occupied 
countries,  in  spite  of  the  Anglo  American  destruction  tactics,  and 
that  there  is  sufficient  tonnage  available  for  their  transport.  Neither 
the  unavoidable  losses  of  men  and  material  nor  the  restrictions  and 
hardships  caused  by  the  war  have  been  able  to  change  Japanese  public 
sentiment.   The  morale  of  the  population  is  high  and  unbroken.   Ample 
supplies  of  manpower,  ammunition,  and  food  are  available  for  the  con- 
tinuation of  the  war.  An  attack  on  Siberia  is  considered  unavoidable 
by  Japanese  circles,  unless  an  agreement ' with  Russia  can  be  reached 
about  the  demilitarization  of  the  coastal  areas. 

The  Italian  Ambassador  at  Tokyo  points  to  the  following  statements  of 
the  spokesman  for  the  Japanese  Army  as  characteristic  for  Japanese 
domestic  political  propaganda: 

The  war  of  greater  Asia  will  not  stop  at  the  annihilation  of  Great 
Britain,  the  U.S.A.  and  of  Chiang  Kai-shek,  but  will  be  continued  un- 
til the  new  world  order  is  stabilized  under  the  exalted  leadership  of 
the  Emperor.   The  characteristics  of  this  new  order  are  that  Japan  will 
shape  the  order  for  the  entire  world  according  to  the  Japanese  army's 
wishes  and  ideas  and  by  the  methods  prescribed  thereby. 

A_cleiir-l.y  formulated!"  bid  for- world  domination! 

-1-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
1  Sep.  1942 

U.S.A.; 

The  press  report   that  the  American  public  is  being  prepared  for  a  war 
lasting  many  years,  if  not  decades.   The  Commander  in  Chief  of  the  U.S. 
Navy,  Admiral  King,  declared  in  a  speech  that  the  war  would  last  a 
long  time  and  that  the  battle  in  the  Pacific  now  in  progress  is  by  no 
means  over  yet. 

Portugal; 

The  Portuguese  Ambassador  at  Rio  announced  that  Portugal  would  never 
fight  against  her  American  brethren. 

According  to  a  German  News  Agency  (DN3)  reports,  the  economic  agreement 
completed  between  Portugal  and  the  U.S.A.,  as  announced  by  Secretary 
of  State  Hull,  is  exclusively  concerned  with  the  sale  to  the  U.S.A.  of 
raw  materials  stored  at  Angola  which  cannot  be  shipped  to  Portugal. 


Conference  on  the  Situation  with  the  Chief,  Naval  Staff 

I.  The  Chief  of  Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff  reports  about  the 
completion  of  operation  '*Y/underland".   News  about  the  successes  ach- 
ieved is  not  to  be  released,  in  view  of  the  intention  to  repeat  this 
operation.   The  cruiser  S CHEER  carried  out  her  mission  resolutely  and 
successfully. 

II.  The  Deputy  to  the  Chief  of  the  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division 
reports  about  direct  negotiations  between  the  Reich  Commissioner  of 
Maritime  Shipping  and  Laval.   According  to  information  received  thus 
far,  Laval  held  out  the  prospect  that  about  200,000  tons  of  neutral 
cargo  space  in  French  Mediterranean  ports  could  be  used  for  the  purposes 
of  the  Axis  Powers,  on  condition  that  these  vessels  sail  under  neutral 
flag  and  with  neutral  crews.  Additional  conditions  are  that  this 
would  be  the  only  demand  of  this  nature  and  would  not  be  repeated; 
furthermore,  that  the  French  be  permitted  to  transport  oil  and  food- 
stuffs from  the  Black  Sea  area  on  their  own  vessels. 

The  Reich  Commissioner  received  the  Fuehrer's  permission  to  accept 
these  terms. 

III.  The  Chief,  Naval  Ordnance  Division  reports  about  the  cyclonite 
incident.   A  review  of  the  facts  offers  no  indication  that  the  loss  of 
the  destroyers  LEBERECHT  MASS  and  MAX  SCHULTZ  was  caused  by  the  de- 
tonation of  German  torpedo  warheads  due  to  bomb  hits.   The  Permanent 
Representative  of  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  at  the  Fuehrer  Head- 
quarters v/as  supplied  with  all  pertinent  data  for  the  information  of 
the  Fuehrer. 

The  Chief,  Naval  Ordnance  Division  further  suggests  that  a  possibility 
be  created  to  supply  certain  important  personalities  of  the  Naval  High 
Command  with  increased  food  rations.  Similar  attempts  to  provide  extra 
rations  for  personalities  in  the  business  world  working  under  particu- 
lar strain  have  so  far  come  to  naught  due  to  the  opposition  offered  by 
the  Reich  Food  Ministry  as  a  matter  of  principle. 

The  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  orders  an  investigation  of  the  matter. 


r 


c 


-2-> 

B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
1  Sep.  1942 

In  a  Very  Restricted  Circle; 

IV.   The  Permanent  Representative  of  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  at 
the  Fuehrer  Headquarters  reported  on  31  Aug.: 

a.  The  Rumanian  Mountain  Division  which  is  to  be  ferried  across 
the  Kerch  Strait  is  urgently  needed  for  our  further  advance  in  the 
mountains.   Since  the  division  will  proceed  on  foot  on  the  eastern  bank, 
it   does  not  need  to  disembark  in  a  harbor  if  a  landing  somewhere  on 
the  coast  is  possible.   Field  Marshal  List  reported  to  the  Fuehrer  that 
the  Army  has  to  rely  on  the  Navy  for  the  ferrying  operation  but  that 

so  far  it  has  been  impossible  to  carry  it  out  owing  to  the  hesitancy 
of  the  Navy. 

b.  Field  Marshal  List  further  informed  the  Fuehrer  that  at  the 
present  time  there  are  often  enemy  ships  totalling  as  much  as  30,000 
tons  anchored  off  Tuapse,  but  that  German  PT  boats  are  not  being  used 
successfully  enough  against  them.   The  Fuehrer  demands  tha';  our  forces 
be  ruthlessly  committed. 

To  this  the  Naval  Staff  replied  as  follows: 

(1)  The  Navy  commander  concerned  has  repeatedly  and  un- 
mistakably informed  the  respective  Army  commands  that  the 
Navy  is  entirely  at  their  disposal  for  Army  operations. 
The  ferrying,  in  the  opinion  of  the  Navy,  is  not  a  tacti- 
cal but  a  navigational  problem.   If  the  Army,  after  being 
duly  warned  of  the  existing  danger,  is  willing  to  risk  its 
troops,  the  Navy  does  not  demand  more  consideration  for 
its  ships  than  the  Army  does  for  its  manpower  and  valuable 
material. 

(2)  For  operations  by  small  battle  weapons,  Russian  air 
and  naval  defenses,  especially  by  day,  must  be  taken  into 
account;  we  have  nothing  with  which  to  fight  them.   It 
goes  without  saying  that  the  Navy  will  make  an  all-out 
effort,  as  long  as  this  does  not  mean  risking  our  scarce 
combat  forces  without  any  chance  of  success. 

Naval  Group  South  was  informed  of  this  telegram  exchange,  between  Vice 
Admiral  Krancke  and  the  Naval  Staff,  with  copies  to  the  Naval  Repre- 
sentative at  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Operations  Staff  and  The 
Navy  Liaison  Officer  to  the  Army  High  Command.   The  Group  was  directed 
to  confirm  immediately  that  a  complete  understanding  exists  with  all 
local  army  commands  concerning  the  attitude  of  the  Naval  Staff  with 
regard  to  point  (1),  and  in  the  future  to  report  in  the  daily  situa- 
tion reports  the  assignments  of  its  combat  forces  in  sufficient  detail 
so  that  any  accusations  can  be  answered  at  once  with  figures. 

The  Chief,  Naval  Staff  agrees  with  the  measures  taken,  but  wishes  that 
similar  insinuations  be  countered  most  rigorously.   The  Naval  Staff  is 
ordered  to  get  in  touch  once  more  immediately  with  Vice  Admiral  Krancke 
to  instruct  him  accordingly. 


Special  Items: 

I.    With  regard  to  the  transfer  of  ship  "45"  to  the  west  area  (see  War 
Diary  31  Aug.)  the  following  additional  details  must  be  reported: 


-3- 

8-1052 


c::~:3z:~:al 

1  Sep.  IS 

Aug.  with  regard  to  the  schedule 
::"  ship  ''43'',  which  is  to  sail  during  the  October  new  noon 

period,  points  to  the  poor  experiences  about  keeping  secret  the  sail- 
ing of  ship  "23".  The   Group  has  therefore  conceived  the  camouflage 
proposal  already  discussed,   -he  code  Dame  is  to  be  "Sperrbrecher  12*. 
The  Group  has  request e     ;•  exami     -n  and  approval  of  the  plan  by 
Group  '.Vest,  together  with  the  approval  of  the  Naval  Staff, 

On  21  Aug.,  the  Naval  Staff  expressed  agreement  with  the  Group's  con- 
tention that  the  sailing  of  ship  ''45"  must  be  keot  secret  better  than 
that  of  ship  "23**.   However 4  the  Naval  Staff  calls  attention  to  the 
time  involved  and  the  constant  mine  threat  prevailing  during  this  period. 
The  Naval  Staff  is  convinced  that  the  date  of  departure  and  the  direc- 
tion of  the  voyage  can  be  kept  secret  if  orders  are  properly  riven 
without  necessitating  that  the  ship  be  transferred  elsewhere.   The  Na- 
val Staff  therefore  ordered  the  following  general  procedure,  which  in 
view  of  the  noon  phase  sets  4  Oct.  as  the  earliest  sailing  date  for  the 
dash  through  the  Channel: 

a.  The  conr.ander  in  charge  of  the  operation  should  receive  in- 
structions from  the  Naval  Staff  during  the  week  of  21  to  26  Sep.,  and 
discussions  should  be  held  with  the  Groups  involved  concerning  the 
Channel  breakthrough. 

b.  On  28  Sep.  the  ship  will  depart  for  maneuvers  in  the  central 
3altic  Sea  (fueling  at  sea,  maintenance  of  contact,  etc.).   In  the 

c curse  of  these  maneuvers  a  coded  radiogram,  classified  "general",  will 
arrive  from  the  Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff,  ordering  the  ship  to 
^reva^re   for  an  operation  in  the  Arctic  Ocean,  and  thus  cancelling  the 
operation  in  the  Atlantic. 

This  method  worhed  well  in  the  case  of  ship  n28n  in  that  the  captain 
did  not  announce  any  plan,  but  the  radio  personnel  let  the  new  order 
become  known  on  the  ship.   The  ship  will  be  recalled  from  these  maneu- 
vers with  an  order  to  proceed  to  Hamburg  for  shipyard  overhaul  in 
preparation  for  the  operation  in  the  north  area. 

c.  The  ship  will  sail  from  the  Baltic  to  the  North  Sea  in  a 
westbound  convoy  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  North  and  from 
there  will  proceed  through  the  Channel. 

Thi ^procedure  saves  time  and  still  leaves  sufficient  leeway  for 

changes  of  schedule.   The  sailing  for  maneuvers  appears  plausible  and  ( 

creaks  off  the  crew's  communication  with  the  shore.   The  code  name  ^ 

"Sperrbrecher  12"  becomes  effective  at  the  latest  when  the  ship  leaves 

for        rs« 

Poi:      out  that  the  procedure  ordered  by  the  Naval  Staff  is,  in 

oral,  identical  with  the  method  practiced  thus  far  and  which  failed 
so  completely  the  last  time  it  vas  used,  Group  North  on  24  Aug.  re- 
que     tnce  more  that  its  proposal  »f  16  Aug.  be  let  stand;  this  pro- 
posal has  been  discussed  with  the  captain  of  ship  "45"  in  great  detail. 

On  26  Aug.      ."aval  Staff  informed  the  Group  that  its  concern  about  the 
prolonged  mine  threat  was  undiminished  and  that  the  Naval  Staff  was  ex- 
pecting a  new  suggestion  from  the  Group  with,  regard  to  the  effective 
date  of  the  code  name,  but  that  the  Naval  Star."  upholds  the  directive 
issued  on  21  Aug.   Subsequently,  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Group  North 
again  requested  the  Chief  of  Staff,  Naval  Staff  on  28  Aug.  by  telephone 
to  reconsider  the  decision  of  the  Naval  Staff.   The  results  of  this  re- 
examination was  reported  in  the  conference  with  the  Chief,  Naval  Staff 
31  A  u.~ . 


-4- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


1  Sep.  1942 


On  1  Sep.  the  Group  confirmed  the  final  proposal  in  accordance  with 
the  Naval  Staff's  wishes.   The  Group  pointed  out  that  the  secrecy  of 
the  operation  is  seriously  endangered  by  the  presence  of  Blohm 
personnel  on  board  ship. 

Group  West  reported  having  no  objections  to  the  proposal  made  by  Group 
North  on  16  Aug. 

II.   According  to  the  July  report  of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  War 
Economy  and  Armaments  Division,  it  can  be  seen  that  the  transport  sit- 
uation has  considerably  improved  and  that  the-  tension  in  the  labor 
situation  has  lessened  to  a  certain  extent  .owing  to  the  increased 
assignment  of  Russians. 


The  Ministry  for  Armaments  and  War  Production  decided  to  create  a  new 
priority  classification  "Sonderstuf e  DE"  for  the  development  or  limited 
mass  production  of  particularly  urgent  material  and  of  equipment  which 
must  be  procured  as  quickly  as  possible  and  v/ill  be  ordered  only  once. 


Complying  with  a  Fuehrer  dir 
(Reichsvereinigung  Eisen)  ha 
increased  steel  production  o 
first  stage  and  in  the  sec  on 
tons  per  month.   The  second 
of  November.   This  increase 
use  of  all  available  ore  and 
quarter   of  1943  it  must  be 
cline. 


ective,  the  National  Steel  Association 
s  mapped  a  program  which  provides  for  an 
f  350,000  additional  tons  per  month  in  its 
d  stage  for  an  overall  increase  by  550,000 
stage  is  to  be  reached  already  by  the  end 
can  be  achieved  only  by  the  indiscriminate 

scrap  reserves.   Beginning  in  the  first 
anticipated  that  production  will  again  de- 


Details; 

The  total  number  of  foreign  workers  employed  within  Germany  amounted  to 
4,743,000  by  the  end  of  July;  1,512,000  of  them  were  prisoners  of  war. 

Freight  cars  loaded  reached  an  all-time  peak  with  an  average  of  182,000 
cars  per  working  day. 

Iron  and  steel  production  showed  a  slight  gain.   Coal  production  con- 
tinued to  develop  favorably.   A  production  loss  must  be  anticipated  if 
the  enemy  day-time  air  raids  in  the  western  areas  are  not  checked. 

As  regards  the  industrial  exploitation  of  the  occupied  eastern  areas, 
the  resumption  of  the  Donets  coal  mining  operations  is  an  important 
factor.   According  to  plan,  the  daily  production  should  reach  30,000 
tons  by  the  end  of  the  year. 

The  partisan  problem  is  causing  mounting  difficulties. 

Rumanian  grain  imports  are  extremely  disappointing  and  amount  to  less 
than  10^  of  what  they  should  be. 


Situation  1  Sep.  1942 
I.   War  in  Foreign  Waters 
1.    Enemy  Situation: 
Nothing  to  report 


.5.. 


B-1052 


COHFIDEHTIAL 


1  Sen.  1942 


2.    Own  Situati 

The  iraval  Attache  at  Tokyo  receives  information  by  Telegram 
0415  about  the  agreement  between  the  Naval  Staff  and  the  Japanese  Ra 
concerning  the  boundaries  of  the  respective  zones  of  operation  in  the 
Indian  Ccean.   The  sar.e  telegram  relates  that  freedom  of  action  has 
been  requested  for  the  impending  sailing  of  ship  "10"  to  Yokohama. 
This  applies  to  the  route  from  £0°  to  100°  E  In  the  waters  between  20° 
and  30°  S  and  continuing  from  20°S,100°  E  to  the  approach  point  to 
Batavia;  it  includes  a  strip  of  150  miles  to  either  side  of  the  course 
indicated.   The  ship  will  proceed  through  this  area  between  5  and  20 
Sep.   Japanese  consent  has  not  yet  been  received.   For  the  time  bei: 
the  Naval  Staff  has  no  intention  of  dispatching  additional  auxiliary 
cruisers  to  the  Indian  Ocean;  it  has,  however  informed  the  Japanese 
that  it  reserves  the  right  to  demand  zn   expansion  of  the  operations 
zone  to  the  north,  in  case  the  enemy  situation  should  necessitate  the 
transfer  of  an  auxiliary  cruiser  from  the  South  Atlantic  to  the  In- 
dian Ocean.   The  reason  for  this  reservation  is  the  necessity  to 
carry  out  supply  operations  in  a  zone  of  favorable  weather. 

Complying  with  a  proposal  of  her  captain,  ship  "14"  was  given  the  tra- 
ditional name  of  auxiliary  cruiser  CORONEL. 


( 


II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

According  to  air  reconnaissance,  a  convoy  of  26  steamers  and 
4  natrol  vessels  on  a  northerly  course  was  located  at  2055  in  quadrant 
BE  3757. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Outside  the  harbor  entrance  of  Cherbourg  a  tugboat  capsized 
and  sank. 

3.  Special  Items: 

(1)   The  following  directive  of  the  Naval  Staff  concerning 
the  distribution  of  light  forces  is  transmitted  to  Group  V.'est,  the  ( 

Fleet,  and  the  Commander,  Destroyers,  with  copy  to  Group  North: 

a.    The  5th  Torpedo  Boat  Flotilla  is  at  the  disposal  of  Na- 
val Group  V.'est  after  being  made  ready  for  operations.   Torpedo  boats 
becoming  available  during  the  rconth  of  September  are  to  be* transferred 
to  the  V.'est  Area  immediately  following  the  fleet  maneuvers  early  in 
October.   Torpedo  boats  which  become  available  at  a  later  date,  includ- 
ing T  "22"  and  T  "23",  are  to  go  there  as  soon  as  possible. 

b.   The  torpedo  boats  T  "18"  and  T  "19"  are  to  be  trans- 
ferred according  to  plan  to  the  west  area  on  13  Sep.  at  the  latest. 
Torpedo  boat  T  "4"  is  to  return  to  the  shipyard  only  after  the  arrival 
of  the  5th  Torpedo  Boat  Flotilla.   If  necessary,  the  shipyard  period 
is  to  be  delayed  for  a  few  days.   The  dates  for  engine  overhaul  of 
torpedo  boats  T  "10"  and  T  "14"are  to  be  checked,  and  they  are  to  be 
altered  after  consultation  with  Group  V/est  if  the  situation  In  the 
west  area  requires  it. 


_6-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
1  Sep.  1942 

(2)   In  view  of  the  difficulties  of  navigation  caused  by 
the  location  of  St.  Malo,  the  Commander,  PT  Boats  deems  it  inoppor- 
tune to  tie  the  PT  boat  arm  to  this  place  by  constructing  PT  boat 
shelters  there;  he  requests  reexamination  of  the  question  whether 
St.  Peter  Port  should  be  chosen  instead,  or  whether  the  new  PT  boat 
shelter  under  construction  at  Cherbourg  should  be  enlarged  to  accom- 
modate 34  vessels.   In  the  opinion  of  the  Commander,  PT  Boats,  the 
location  of  the  defensive  mine  fields  is  no  impediment  in  the  long 
run.   With  regard  to  distance,  the  location  of  Cherbourg  is  no  less 
favorable  than  that  of  St.  Malo.   (See  Telegram  2220.) 

This  matter  is  being  studied, in  consultation  with  the  Naval  Staff, 
Quartermaster  Division. 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.  North  Sea: 
"Enemy  Situation; 

Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situation: 

Two  mines  were  swept  in  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral, 
Defenses,  North.   At  noon,  naval  anti-aircraft  guns  fired  at  2  enemy 
planes  off  Nordvik.   Convoy  and  patrol  operations  proceeded  accord- 
ing to  plan. 

2.  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean: 

Enemy 'Situation : 

On  31  Aug.",  10  steamers  were  anchored  at  Yokanga.  On  1  Sep, 
1  steamer  and  2  patrol  vessels  were  sighted  on  a  southeasterly  course 
off  Cape  Teriberski  and  2  more  patrol  vessels  not  far  off  on  the  same 
course. 

Own  Situation; 

In  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway,  a  Russian 
battery  fired  9  shells  at  the  harbor  of  Petsamo  on  51  Aug.,  without 
inflicting  any  damage.   Slight  enemy  air  activity  over  the  west  coast 
in  the  area  of  Kristiansand  South.   Transport  and  convoy  operations 
proceeded  v/ithout  major  incident. 

On  27  Aug.,  the  Commanding  General,  Armed  Forces,  Norway  requested 
500,000  coastal  defense  mines  from  the  Naval  Staff  Operations  Divi- 
sion, Mine  V/arfare  and  Ant i -Submarine  Section.   Assuming  that  this 
request  referred  to  land  mines,  the  Naval  Staff  suggested  that  the 
General  address  this  matter  to  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Army,   The 
Commanding  General,  Armed  Forces,  Norway,  however,  repeated  his  re- 
quest, pointing  out  that  he  was  referring  to  coastal  defense  mines 
and  not  land  mines.   The  Naval  Staff  requests  the  Commanding  Admiral, 
Norway  to  take  this  matter  up  with  the  Commanding  General,  Armed 
Forces,  Norway  for  clarification. 


-7- 

B-1052 


( 


confidential 

1  Sep.  1942 

Ike  Admiral,  Arctl     aan  su      a  brief  report  of  cruiser  S CHEER  con- 
cerning operation  "'.Yunderland"  : 

After  Balling  on  18  Aug.,  the  cruiser  avoided  a  5,000  GRT  steaner 
headed  for  Archangel  in  quadrant  AC  2314  without  being  detected,  and 
re-orted  this  incident  on  21  Aug.  by  way  of  submarine  U  "251"-.   On 
19  Aug.  the  northern  steamer  route  was  reconnoitered  to  a  point  east 
of  the  Einsankeitinsel.   Due  to  difficult  ice  conditions,  the  cruiser 
turned  back  there.   On  20  Au~.,  fuel  was  delivered  to  submarine  U  "251", 
and  then  the  ship  unsuccessfully  searched  for  a  convoy  of  9  vessels, 
allegedly  heading  southwest,  which  had  been  located  by  a  ship  plane. 
It  is  possible  that  the  plane  erred  with  regard  to  the  course.   Since 
as  a  result  of  radio  monitoring  it  was  assumed  that  the  convoy  was  pro- 
ceeding to  the  Vilkitski  Strait,  reconnaissance  was  resumed  on  21  Au~ . 
to  the  east  and  west,  but  without  result.   A  thrust  in  the  direction 
of  Russki  Island  had  to  be  abandoned  due  to  fog,  and  the  ship  took  up 
a  patrol  position  west  of  the  Nordenskioeld  Archipelago.   On  22  and  23 
Aug.  the  r.easures  on  21  Aug.  were  repeated.   On  23  Aug.,  the  ship 
plane  located  a  convoy  consisting  of  10  steamers  in  the  Vilkitski 
Strait,  anchored  off  Gansen  Island.   (Not  Hansen  or  Nansen  Island.) 
On  the  evening  of  the  same  day  the  cruiser  proceeded  in  the  direction 
of  the  Yernak  Bank  to  take  up  a  patrol  position.   On  24  and  25  Aug. 
unsuccessful  attempts  were  made  to  penetrate  northwest  of  Russki 
Island  for  an  attack  on  the  convoy.   This  plan  had  to  be  abandoned  due 
to  the  breakdown  of  the  ship  plane,  making  reconnaissance  impossible. 
During  a  raid  into  the  waters  of  the  Nordenskioeld  passages  the  ice 
breaker  ALEKSANDER  SIBIH2AK0V  was  destroyed  after  a  brief  gun  battle. 
22  prisoners  were  taken.   Radio  monitoring  revealed  that  the  enemy  was 
completely  in  the  dark  concerning  the  cause  of  this  loss.   Thereafter, 
the  SCHEEH  withdrew  from  this  zone  of  operation  and  proceeded  to 
Dickson  Island  on  26  and  27  Aug.,  entering  the  Dickson  roadstead  in 
the  night,  where  the  ice  breaker  TAIIYH  and  a  5,00C  SHE  tanker  were 
probably  sunk.   The  effect  of  shelling  the  harbor  and  a  hitherto  un- 
known battery,  which  answered  the  cruiser's  fire,  could  not  be  ob- 
served due  to  poor  visibility.   After  skirting  Dickson  Island,  the 
ship  bombarded  the  signal  and  radar  locating  stations  as  v/ell  as  the 
high  power  radio  plant  and  the  town  itself  with  great  and  visible 
success,  as  already  reported.   Dickson  Island  reported  the  bombardment 
by  the  cruiser  via  radio.   Throughout  this  entire  operation,  the  3 
submarines  engaged  in  operation  "".Vunderland"  sent  the  SCEEER  no  re- 
ports of  sighting  the  enemy.   On  28  Aug.,  the  SCEEER  searched  between 
Spitsbergen  and  Franz  Josef  Land  for  single  ships  without  success  and 
then  started  on  her  way  home.  / 

The  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  and  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Group  North  have 
voiced  their  deep  appreciation  for  the  efficiency  with  which  this  op- 
eration was  executed.   In  this  connection,  the  Commanding  Admiral, 
Group  North  remarked  that  the  fact  that  the  steamer  encountered  on  18 
Aug.  was  permitted  to  escape  Wis  in  keeping  with  the  operational  order, 
but  that  the  destruction  of  similar  valuable  targets  would  have  to  be 
ordered  in  the  future.   The  Group  would  also  have  liked  to  see  the 

IER  utilize  the  opportunity  to  send  a  message  on  the  occasion  of  her 
contact  with  the  enemy.   The-'Group  considers  the  experience  gained  by 
the  SCHEER'S  operation  as  a  valuable  source  of  information  for  future 
iertakings . 

The  Naval  Staff  submits  a  corresponding  report  about  operation  "Y/under- 
land"  in  the  Arctic  Ocean  during  the  period  from  16  to  30  Aug.  to  the 
Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Operations  Staff,  with  copies  to  the  Perman- 
ent Representative  of  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  at  the  Fuehrer 
Headquarters,  to  the  Naval  Aide  of  the  Fuehrer,  and  to  the  Navy  Liaison 


-8- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
1  Sep.  1942 

Officers  at  the  Amy  High  Command  and  at  the  Air  Force  Operations  Staff; 
the  Naval  Staff  also  requests  that  the  report  not  be  made  public,  be- 
cause there  is  a  chance  that  this  operation  will  be  repeated;  this 
will  be  feasible  until  the  end  of  September  or  early  October,  depend- 
ing on  the  ice  conditions.   The  Naval  Staff  adds  the  following  comment 
regarding  the  operation:   "An  operation  successfully,  daringly,  and 
expertly  carried  out  under  particularly  difficult  conditions.   The 
ship  frequently  met  with  a  very  hazardous  ice  situation.   The  action 
against  Dickson  Island  must  be  especially  commended  in  view  of  the 
difficulties  of  navigation  (inadequate  charts).   The  appearance  of  the 
pocket  battleship  in  these  waters  evidently  came  as  a  complete  surprise 
to  the  enemy,  who  may  even  now  be  unaware  of  the  nature  of  the  opera- 
tion." 

For  copy  see  telegram  1/Skl  I  op  21540/42  Gkdos.  in  file  "Operation 
SCHEER  in  the  Kara  Sea,  Summer  1942  (Wunderland)". 

Group  North  directs  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  (with  copy  to  the  Naval 
Staff  and  the  5th  Air  Force)  to  submit  as  soon  as  possible  new  pro- 
posals for  an  operation  against  the  enemy  supply  traffic,  as  long  as  PQ 
convoys  have  not  been  observed;  this  plan  should  be  based  on  the  ex- 
periences of  the  SCHEER  and  the  results  of  reconnaissance  by  sub- 
marines and  the  Air  Force.   To  be  considered  are: 

(1)  A  repetition  of  the  raid  made  by  the  SCHEER  into  the  Kara 
Sea  and  the  waters  between  the  eastern  Spitsbergen  coast  and  Franz 
Josef  Land,  either  by  the  SCHEER  alone  or  together  with  the  HIPPER. 

(2)  A  similar  raid  by  the  HIPPER  alone  or  together  with  the 
SCHEER  or  with  an  escort  of  about  3  destroyers,  which  would  be  re- 
fueled by  the  HIPPER. 

(3)  A  raid  of  from  3  to  4  destroyers  in  the  direction  of  Spits- 
bergen, the  Barents  Sea  and  the  east  coast  of  Novaya-  Zemlya,  either  by 
themselves  or  with  the  KOELN.   In  this  case,  the  operational  radius 
would  be  600  miles  from  the  base. 

The  operation  in  the  Kara  Sea  and  eastward  is  feasible  only  as  long  as 
ice  conditions  continue  favorable,  that  is  during  September,  For  copy 
see  telegram  l/Skl  1692/42  Gkdos.  Chefs,  in  file  "Doppelschlag". 

Special  Item: 

Group  North  mentioned  on  14  Aug.  in  its  estimate  of  the  situation  that, 
according  to  information  by  the  Naval  Staff,  reports  had  been  received 
on  10  Aug.  about  the  arrival  of  a  convoy  in  Russian  ports.   Investiga- 
tion of  this  matter  revealed  that  the  Group's  remark  referred  to  in- 
formation disclosed  by  the  Chief  of  the  Communications  Division, 
Meteorological  Branch,  Naval  Staff.   The  Operations  Division,  Naval 
Staff  found  out  that  the  report,  which  had  been  requested  by  the  Group 
from  the  Chief  of  the  Communications  Division,  Meteorological  Branch, 
Naval  Staff  over  the  phone,  had  clearly  stated  that  it  represented  a 
news  item  from  the  press  which  was  considered  to  have  no  significance. 
When  the  text  was  transmitted  as  requested,  it  was  stated  once  more 
that  the  report  was  considered  false.   The  Naval  Staff  informed  Group 
North  about  these  facts  on  1  Sep. 


-9-  B-1052 


t 


CONFIDENTIAL 
1   Sep.    IS 

IV.   Skaperrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

1.  Enemy  Situation; 

One  submarine  was  located  by  radio  intelligence  22  miles 
west  and  one  7  miles  east  of  the  southern  tip  of  Hogland.   In  the 
waters  off  Lavansaari,  Shepel,  and  Kotlin  lively  mine-sweeping  activ- 
ity was  observed.   Off  Laga  3  medium  and  9  small  warships  were  sighted. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

The  HELA,  with  the  Fleet  Commander  on  board,  arrived  in 
Copenhagen.   South  of  Samsoe  a  ground  mine  was  swept  by  a  mine-explod- 
ing vessel. 

The  destruction  of  a  Russian  submarine  by  Wine  Sweeper  V.  "37"  has  been 
confirmed.  During  the  night  of  31  Aug.  a  subchaser  had  a  brush  with  3 
enemy  PT  boats  northwest  of  Narva. 

The  mine  fields  "Seeigel  23",  "28",  "29",  and  "30"  were  completed  ac- 
cording to  plan. 

Group  North  directed  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic  Sea  (with 
copy  to  the  1st  Air  Force,  a.o.)  to  restrict  the  use  of  naval  forces 
in  the  inner  Gulf  of  Finland  as  much  as  possible  as  long  as  the  1st 
Air  Force  is  unable  to  provide  fighter  protection,  unless  the  Finns  can 
help  out  in  this  respect. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Baltic  Countries  reports  that  the  battery  at 
Mummasaare  and  the  Army  Coastal  Battery  "509"  at  Kurgolovo  are  ready 
for  action.   Convoy  and  transport  service  continued  as  planned  and 
without  incident. 

Special  Item; 

Group  North  repeatedly  suggested  to  the  Naval  Staff  that  the  naval 
forces  in  the  Baltic  Sea  be  reinforced.   In  this  Group  North  is  guided 
by  the  thought  that  the  Russian  fleet  could  some  day  try  to  break  out 
of  the  inner  Gulf  of  Finland  into  the  Baltic  Sea,  for  instance  for 
internment  in  Sweden.   The  Naval  Staff  is  convinced  that  the  Russian 
Baltic  fleet  would  rather  fight  to  the  last,  even  when  its  anchorages 
are  threatened,  than  leave  and  be  interned,  for  political  as  well  as 
psychological  reasons.  Furthermore,  in  the  opinion  of  the  Naval  Staff  / 

the  Gulf  of  Finland  is  sealed  off  so  effectively  that  attempts  to  ^ 

break  out  would  result  in  very  heavy  losses.   Under  no  circumstances 
would  more  than  a  few  vessels  succeed  in  reaching  open  water.  The  dis- 
advantages which  might  thereby  be  caused  must  be  risked  in  view  of  the 
fact  that  submarines,  PT  boats,  and  other  combat  forces  would  have  to 
be  withdrawn  from  other  war  theaters,  thus  creating  serious  shortages 
in  those  places. 

The  Permanent  Representative  of  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  at  Fuehrer 
Headquarters;  the  Naval  Representative  on  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command, 
Operations  Staff;  the  Navy  Liaison  Officers  to  the  Army  High  Command 
and  the  Air  Force  Operations  Staff  are  informed  of  this  viewpoint 
taken  by  the  Naval  Staff. 


-10- 

1 B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
1  Sep.  1942 

V.    Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

Lively  air  reconnaissance,  particularly  heavy  in  the  Bay  of 
Biscay,  where  the  sighting  of  4  submarines  was  reported.   Two  more 
submarine  sighting  reports  were  intercepted  from  tiie  West  Indies,  one 
more  from  southeast  of  Bahia,  and  another  southwest  of  Rio. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

4  submarines  sailed  from  French  Atlantic  ports  and  4  addi- 
tional ones  from  home  port 3. 

Submarine  U  "601"  of  the  Arctic  Ocean  Group  "is  advised  that  she  may 
advance  to  approximately  90°  E.   The  main  operations  area  of  sub- 
marine U  "251"  is  between  70°  and  00°  E.   Submarine  U  "255"  is  ordered 
to  proceed,  to  the  point  of  rendezvous  with  the  ULM  in  quadrant  AG-  9655. 

The  operation  in  the  North  Atlantic  against  the  convoy  in  quadrant  AK 
was  considerably  hampered  by  the  fact  that  the  submarines  got  within 
the  range  of  the  enemy  planes.   Although  almost  all  of  the  submarines 
were  able  to  close  in  on  the  target,  the  results  were  meager.   2 
steamers  were  probably  torpedoed.   Several  submarines  report  damage 
caused  by  depth  charges  and  bombs. 

An  additional  convoy  was  observed  on  a  southerly  course  in  quadrant 
BE  2735,  against  which  5  submarines  were  assigned  to  operate  on  their 
way  south. 

No  sinkings  have  been  reported  from  the  eastern  U.S.  coast  or  the  West 
Indies,  or  from  the.  South  Atlantic  submarine  group. 

In  the  Mediterranean,  submarine  U  "375"  probably  sank  1  steamer 
(4,000  GHT)  out  of  a  convoy  on  26  Aug. 

Additional  reports  are  contained  in  the  Supplement  to  the  Submarine 
Situation,  War  Diary,  Part  B,  Vol..  IV. 

With  submarine  U  "179"  the  first  of  the  large  submarines  type  IX  D  has 
reached  the  zone  of  operations. 


VI.  Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity: 

During  the  day  Dungeness  was  attacked  by  fighter  bombers; 
during  the  night  of  1  Sep.,  6  of  our  planes  raided  Sheffield,  Hull, 
Leeds,  etc. 

2.  Enemy  Incursions t 

180  enemy  planes  flew  over  our  territory,  155  of  them  over 
Germany  proper,  concentrating  their  attacks  on  Warsaw  and  Saarlautern. 

3.  Mediterranean  Theatert 

Fighter  bombers,    dive  bombers,    and  bombers   operated  in  North 
Africa  -  in-  -support— of-  the   of  ferial  ve  of   tha  Panzer _Army_» 

-11- 

B-1052 


co::?idz:~:.-.i 

1    Sep.     1: 

4.        EgLatern  ~r~r~  : 

Nothing  to   reoort. 


I 


VII.  ""arfare  ir.  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Slack  Sea 

1.  Enemy  Situation; 

V.es'rrr.  Mediterranean; 

Accorii:  ~  tc  an  intelligence  report  from  Spain,  36  planes  flew 
in  from  the  Atlar.tic  to  Gibraltar  by  2000;  they  are  expected  to  proceed 
to  the  east.   At  020C  one  tanker  escorted  by  1  corvette  arrived  in  Gi- 
braltar from  an  unknown  direction,  and  1  CALEDON-class  cruiser  arrived 
fr:   the  Atlantic.   The  CIL-.-VdBDIS  remained  outside  and  east  of  the 
harbor  during  the  day,  probably  for  maneuvers. 

traces  could  be  found  during  the  day  of  19  vessels  which  were  again 
reported  in  the  Strait  of  Gibraltar  on  an  easterly  course  during  the 
night  of  31  Aug. 

Central  and  Eastern  Mediterranean; 

I'd   reports  about  the  sighting  of  ships  were  received,  except 
for  a  warship  of  unidentified  type  which  was  reported  by  a  Geman  plane 
45  niles  southwest  of  the  southeastern  tip  of  Crete  on  a  course  of  310° 

However,  radio  monitor!.-.:;  intercepted  reports  of  lively  reconnaissance 
activity  and  attacks  against  ~-erman  convoys,  both  in  the  Central  and 
Eastern  Mediterranean. 

2.  Own  Situation; 

During  an  enemy  air  raid  on  Tobruk  during  the  night  of  30  Aug, 
the  oil  pipe  line  was  damaged.  The  steamer  M0NSTELLA  was  towed  to  Corfu 
on  31  Aug.  where  she  is  teir.g  unloaded. 

The  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  reported  that  the  Italian  Navy  agrees 

to  the  proposal  of  assignir.r  Augusta  as  a  base  and  operational  harbor 

to  the  7th  PT  Boat  Flotilla.   As  soon  as  the  7th  PT  Boat  Flotilla  ( 

reaches  Augusta,  the  3rd  PT  3oat  Flotilla  will  transfer  to  Porto 

Empedocle. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  is  proceeding  to  the 
command  post.  North  Africa,  in  order  to  assume  command  of  all  naval 
forces  and  ships  of  the  German  Navy  based  In  North  Africa. 

Special  Iter.: 

The  mining  of  the  approaches  to  Malta,  which  inflicted  some  losses  on 
the  enemy  due  to  its  surprise  element,  has  nevertheless  not  succeeded 
in  disrupting  enemy  shipping.  The  efforts  'to "cut  the  supply  of  Malta 
by  mining  aperationa  oust  therefore  be  continued  and  r~.de  r.zre   effective. 

The  Naval  Staff  sees  possibilities  of  increasing  the  effect  of  the  min- 
ing operation  in  the  following  measures1 

(a)   By  closing  the  waters  between  the  southern  tip  of  Malta  and 
the  500  m  line  with  a  number  of  mine  fields  and  by  the  extensive  use  of 
-e-ufefeing-f  loats . 

B-1052 

-12- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
1  Sep.  1942 

(b)  By  effective  minelaying  by  the  Navy  and  the  Air  Force  to 
seal  off  the  eastern  tip  of  the  island. 

(c)  By  aerial  mining  of  Valletta  harbor. 

A  directive  to  this  effect  is  sent  to  the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy 
and  the  Naval  Representative  on  the  Air  Force  Operations  Staff.   They 
are  requested  to  see  that  the  Commanding  General,  South  issues  the 
necessary  orders. 

For  copy  see  1/Skl  I  E  21260/42  Gkdos.  in  V/ar  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XIV. 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa: 

During  the  night  of  31  Aug.  the  north-bound  convoy  PUGLIOLA 
was  attacked  by  enemy  planes  southwest  of  Crete;  also  the  steamer 
BOTTIGLIERI,  en  route  from  Suda  to  Benghazi,  and  the  2  tankers  ABRUZZI 
and  P.C.  FASSIO,  en  route  from  Taranto  to  Tobruk,  were  all  unsuccess- 
fully attacked  by  enemy  planes.   Otherwise  transports  proceeded  accord- 
ing to  plan. 

Unloaded  at  Tobruk  on  30  Aug.: 

494  tons  plus  750  tons  from  tankers; 

on  31  Aug.:   1,242  tons  plus  80  tons  from  tankers 

4.  Area  Naval  Group  South: 
Aegean  Sea: 

Nothing  to  report  about  the  naval  situation. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Aegean  Sea  has  delivered  about  12,000  tons  of 
fuel  to  Italian  ships  in  the  course  of  the  transport  operations  to 
North  Africa;  supported  in  his  stand  by  Naval  Group  South,  he  strongly 
protests  against  the  demand  made  by  the  Naval  Staff,  Quartermaster 
Division,  Supply  and  Fuel  Branch,  that  deliveries  out  of  German  stores 
should  only  be  made  after  previously  obtaining  permission.   Such  a 
ruling  would  interfere  with  his  command  authority  in  matters  for  which 
he  is  responsible.   Group  South  submits  proposals  to  ensure  the  fuel 
supply  of  Italian  ships  in  the  Aegean  Sea.   For  details  see  Telegram 
1800. 

The  Naval  Staff,  Quartermaster  Division  is  attending  to  this  matter. 

Black  Sea: 

Enemy  Situation: 

Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situation: 

The  3rd  Mine  Sweeper  Flotilla  began  mine-sweeping  operations 
north  of  the  Kerch  Strait  on  31  Aug.  The  flotilla  was  under  unsuccess* 
ful  long-range  fire  of  an  enemy  battery. 

The  harbor  entrance  of  Temryuk  was  cleared  by  blasting  to  a  width. of 
25  m  and  a  depth  of  2.75  m. 

Bad  weather  affected  convoy  operations. 


.13-  B"1052 


piDiarriAL 


1  Ser.  1941 


Between  26  and  30  Aug.,  1,665  tens  of  anr.unitlor.  were  shipped  fron 
iupol  and  Ta5anrog  to  Azov. 

.-.rr.y  Group  A  inforned  Naval  Group  South  of  a  decision  by  the  Army  High 
Comnand  whereby  shipping  ar.d  transports  fron  Rostov  up  the  Don  are  to 
be  in  the  hands  of  the  3rd  Field  Waterways  Detachnent. 

Croup  South  advocated  essentially  this  viewpoint  in  the  past,  in  con- 
trast to  that  of  Army  Group  A  and  the  Naval  Shore  Commander,  Ukraine. 
(See  Telegram  1950. ) 


VIII.  Situation  Fast  Asia 

The  Military  Attache  at  Bangkok  reports  concerning  the  situatior 
in  the  southwest  Pacific  between  9  and  29  Aug.  anongst  other  things: 

"I  an  informed  by  the  Japanese  India  Bureau  that  the  encr.y  forces  in 
India  are  estimated  at  less  than  10  divisions,  equipped  with  compara- 
tively ample  materiel;  the  number  of  units  nade  up  of  Europeans  is 
snail,  however,  and  the  number  of  planes  is  given  as  400.   The  Japanese 
believe  that  the  coming  campaign  in  India  would  be  of  even  nore  pro- 
nounced colonial  character  than  the  Malaya  and  Burma  campaigns.  There- 
fore fewer  Japanese  forces  are  being  provided  for  this  assignment; 
probably  2  or  3  divisions  will  be  sent  across  the  Burma  borders,  and 
2  nore  divisions  will  be  landed.   The  operation  is  to  be  executed 
similar  to  the  landing  on  northern  Luzon  in  the  Philippines,  that  is, 
first  enemy  air  bases  will  be  seized  by  airborne  forces  and  seaborne 
units.   Japanese  flying  boats,  based  on  the  Andaman  Islands,  recon- 
noitered  the  east  coast  of  India.   The  preparations  for  an  invasion  of 
Ceylon  are  apparently  being  given  priority." 

Sunatra :    Contrary  to  Japanese  expectations,  the  oil  production  of  the 
first  year  has  already  reached  c, COO, 000  tons;  for  the  second  year  it 
is  planned  to  push  this  figure  to  6,000,000  tons. 

l'e\-:   Guinea;   Folic     a  renewed  failure  to  advance  over  land  from 
Kuon  Gulf  toward  Port  1'oresby,  the  Japanese  succeeded  in  landing  on  the 
southeastern  tip  near  Llilne  Bay.   American  fighters  and  bombers  were 
observed. 

air  activity  (Rabaul). 


Bismarck  Archive 

lago: 

-  -• 
, — 

IS 

of 

vely  en  err; 

Solomon  Isl 
as  follows: 

ands : 
Att 

The 
ts 

litary  Att 
the  0 . 

Military  Attache  describes  the  situation  there 
of   the  U.S.A.  to  regain  these  islands  led  to  2 


major  naval  engagements.  T-  A  er leans  succeeded  in  landing  air  forces 
on  Tulagij  Guadalcanal,  and  "alaita.  A  seesaw  battle  with  the  Japanese 
garrison  is  in  progress  on  Tulagi  Island. 

Australia:   American  rcinforcenents  were  brought  up  by  air  transport. 
Japanese  submarines  are  operating  off  New  Zealand  and  off  the  Austral- 
ian south  coast.   Japanese  air  forces  raided  Port  Iledland,  Broome,  and 
..'yndhan,  and  concentrated  on  Port  Darwin. 

According  to  British  press  reports,  the  Japanese  fleet  has  now  been 

[drawn  from  the  southwest   Pacific  after  suffering  heavy  losses 
(15  ships  sunk  and  danaged). 


_14_  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
1  Sep.  1942 

According  to  American  reports  of  31  Aug.,  the  Japanese  forces  landed 
in  Milne  Bay  were  almost  completely  annihilated. 

According  to  a  Dome!  report,  an  enemy  landing  attempt  on  Hew  Britain, 
undertaken  by  one  submarine,  ended  with  the  destruction  of  the  sub- 
marine and  the  capture  of  the  small  landing  detachment. 


IX.   Army  Situation 

1.  Russian  Front: 

Army  Group  A: 

The  enemy  is  tenaciously  defending  the  mountain  valleys 
south  of  Krasnodar.   Southwest  of  Baksansk  enemy  attacks  broke  down 
on  the  sector  of  the  Rumanian  Mountain  Division.   South  of  Isherskaya 
the  enemy  is  entrenched  in  a  system  of  heavily  fortified  positions  and 
is  bringing  up  reinforcements  from  the  south  and  southwest. 

Army  Group  B; 

The  area  west  of  the  railroad  Astrakhan-Kizlyar  was  cleared 
of  the  enemy.   The  tracks  were  blown  up  by  a  long-range  patrol  and  a 
train  was  set  afire.   West  of  Astrakhan  approximately  20  trains  were 
observed.   Along  the  chain  of  lakes  south  of  Malyye  Derbety  the  enemy 
in  front  of  the  Rumanian  division  was  reinforced.   Our  divisions  which 
had  advanced  beyond  the  Don-Volga  are  engaged  in  heavy  fighting  with 
Russian  tank  forces.   At  Kremenskaya  the  enemy  retreated  behind  the 
Don  River.   The  Situation  at  Serafimovich  has  been  restored. 

Central  Army  Group; 

No  major  engagements  took  place  on  31  Aug.  at  the  crucial 
points  in  the  Zhizdra  River  sector  and  the  Rhzev  area. 

Northern  Army  Group; 

Enemy  attacks  resulted  in  varying  success  at  Kholm,  Staraya 
Russa,  Denyansk,  on  the  Pola  River  and  at  Soltsy.  Very  fierce  fight- 
ing resulted  from  the  enemy  attack  launched  south  of  Lake  Ladoga  with 
strong  forces  and  tanks  along  the  entire  front  up  to  the  Lovat  River; 
it  required  bringing  up  our  entire  reserves.  Enemy  pressure  continues. 
The  situation  is  difficult. 

2.  Finnish  Front; 
Nothing  to  report. 

3.  North  Africa; 

No  report  was  received  from  the  Panzer  Army. 

According  to  a  Router  report,  the  British  troops  were  withdrawn  from 
Abyssinia. 

Official  British  reports  have  it  that  an  engagement  with  light  forces 
developed  in  the  morning  of  31  Aug.  at  El  Himeinrah  as  a  result  of  an 
attack  by  Rommel.   The  fight  is  still  in  progress.   A  weak  attack 


-15-  B-1052 




i  Sep.  i: 

Italic:.  -  :  cer.tral  front  sector  is  said  to 

e  'zczr.   repulse 

The  attac'-:  on  Tobruk  luring        it  of  30  Aug.  is  said  to  have  been 
carried  out  bv  severe!  U.S.A.  heav^  bonber  for~?.tior.s. 

* 


» 


-16-  &-1C52 


CONFIDENTIAL 
2  Sep.  1942 

Items  of  Political  Importance 

Brazil; 

President  Vargas  has  declared  a  state  of  war,  so  that  the  order  for 
general  mobilization  can  be  issued. 

Japan ; 

Foreign  Minister  Togo  has  resigned.   According  to  press  comments,  the 
reasons  for  this  step  are  personal.   The  Prime  Minister  has  taken  over 
the  Foreign  Ministry.   The  Prime  Minister  also  announced  that  he  in- 
tends to  create  a  Ministry  of  Greater  East  Asia  which  will  administer 
all  matters  relating  to  the  territories  occupied  by  Japan  and  promote 
the  production  of  raw  materials  in  these  areas.   He  emphatically  de- 
manded that  Japanese  armed  might  be  strengthened  and  a  very  high  degree 
of  cooperation  betv/een  all  branches  of  the  armed  forces  be  achieved. 

Spain; 

According  to  the  German  News  Agency  (DNB),  Franco  has  declined  for  the 
time  being  to  accept  the  resignations  of  the  3  defense  ministers. 


Conference  on  the  Situation  with  the  Chief,  Naval  Staff 

I-.   The  Deputy  to  the  Chief,  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division  re- 
ports; 

(a)  The  opposition  of  Staatsrat  Blohm  against  the  manufacture  of 
collapsible  landing  craft  has  finally  been  overcome.   6  such  vessels 
are  now  being  constructed  at  Leyden  and  6  at  Rheinhausen  and  will  be 
delivered  in  4  months. 

(b)  The  Chief  of  Staff,  Armed  Forces  High  Command  has  ordered  that 
in  addition  to  the  10,000  tons  of  fuel  already  delivered  to  the 
Italians  out  of  the  Navy's  supplies,  another  10,000  tons  have  to  be 

put  at  their  disposal  in  September.   A  new  directive  regarding  October 
will  follow.   The  Minister. of  Economics  is  to  negotiate  with  Rumania 
about  deliveries,  but  the  prospects  are  considered  poor.   At  present 
Germany's  fuel  oil  situation  is  relatively  good.   Rumanian  petroleum 
production  must  be  expected  to  decline  further  during  the  coming  winter. 

II.  The  Chief  of  the  Foreign  Affairs  Section,  Operations  Division, 
Naval  Staff  reports  about  the  conferehces  between  the  Reich  Commissioner 
of  Maritime  Shipping  and  Laval  regarding  the  availability  of  ships  ly- 
ing in  French  Mediterranean  ports  (see  War  Diary,  1  Sep.;.   For  de- 
tails see  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  VIII. 

III.  In  reply  to  an  inquiry  by  the  Chief,  Naval  Staff  concerning  the 
state  of  German  warfare  against  Brazil,  the  Chief  of  the  Naval  Staff 
Operations  Division  reports:  In  accordance  with  a  directive  from  the 
Operations  Staff,  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  German  submarines  are  at 
present  under  orders  not  to  attack  Brazilian  harbors  or  ships  v/ithin 
20  miles  of  the  Brazilian  coast;  these  orders  were  issued  at  the  re- 
quest of  the  Minister  for  Foreign  Affairs.  The  Foreign  Office  asked 
for  temporary  restraint  because  of  the  effect  further  sinkings  might 
have  on  the  attitude  of  Argentina  and  Chile. 


*17- 

B-105  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 
2  Sep.  1942 

In  a  Very  Restricted  circle: 

IV.   The  Chief  of  Operations  Branch.  Naval  Staff  reports; 

a)  about  the  short  report  of  the  SCIEER  regarding  operation 
nV/underland",  as  recorded  in  the  War  Diary  of  1  Sep. 

b)  regarding  the  charges  made  against  the  Navy  in  connection 
with  operation  "Bluecher  II"  and  the  PT  boat  operations  in  the  Black 
Sea. 

According  to  a  report  from  Vice  Admiral  Krancke,  it  cannot  safely  be 
maintained  that  Field  Marshal  List  made  these  accusations.   Admiral 
Krancke  was  present  only  at  part  of  the  conference  between  the  Fuehrer, 
List,  and  Keitel.   The  steps  planned  against  Field  Marshal  List  must 
therefore  be  dropped.   Vice  Admiral  Krancke  has  meanwhile  seen  to  it 
that  the  Fuehrer  and  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command  have  received  the 
correct  information  on  the  basis  of  materials  submitted  by  Group  South 
in  the  meantime. 

Group  South  states  that  the  charges  made  by  Army  Group  A  (see  War 
Diary,  1  Sep.)  are  completely  unjustified.   As  far  as  the  Navy  is  con- 
cerned, the  tasks  connected  with  the  ferrying  were  clear  ever  since 
10  Aug.,  and  on  22  Aug.  the  Admiral,  Black  Sea  v/rote  to  the  ,Chief  of 
Staff,  Group  South,  exactly  as  follows:   "This  waiting  for  'Bluecher' 
Is  very  trying,  and  I  have  just  let  Scheuerlen  know  once  more  that  we 
had  better  watch  out,  lest  we  run  completely  into  the  September  bad 
weather  period.   However,  I  am  very  much  afraid  that  Mattenklott  is 
not  wholeheartedly  in  favor  of  the  operation,  has  distinct  misgivings 
with  regard  to  the  sea  voyage,  and  is  hoping  that  the  combat  mission 
will  turn  out  to  be  merely  a  ferrying  mission;  consequently  very  valu- 
able cargo  space  is  lying  about  more  or  less  idle  for  a  long  time." 

The  Group  requests  that  this  information  not  be  used  for  the  time  being 
since  it  is  taken  from  a  private  letter  and  because  we  do  not  want  to 
accuse  an  Army  commander  as  readily  as  is  evidently  the  case  the  other 
way  around.   It  has  been  made  clear  over  and  over  again  to  the  Army  and 
the  Army  Group,  that  everything  connected  with  the  problem  of  supplies 
and  that  includes  the  break  through  the  Kerch  Strait,  v/ill  be  done  ac- 
cording to  the  wishes  of  the  Army.   Also  the  decision  as  to  the  risk 
involved  lies  with  the  Army.   The  Navy  simply  furnishes  information 
about  the  possible  consequences  for  later  operations  as,  for  instance, 
the  additional  commitment  of  landing  craft;  otherwise  it  continues  to 
carry  out  its  tasks  until  the  Army  is  fully  aware  of  these  consequences 
and  is  willing  to  accept  them. 

From  the  data  available  to  the  Group  (photo  reconnaissance  and  its  in- 
terpretation), generally  only  about  13,000  tons  of  shipping  are  lying 
inside  the  harbor  of  Tuapse  and  not  outside  of  it.   On  the  basis  of 
numerous  operations  carried  out  so  far,  the  Admiral,  Black  Sea  had 
reached  the  conclusion  that  the  Russians  had  shifted  their  supply 
traffic  from  night  to  daytime,  due  to  the  activities  of  our  naval 
forces;  this  belief  was  based  on  the  fact  that  little  or  frequently 
no  traffic  at  all  had  been  encountered.   PT  boats  can,  of  course,  not 
go  into  action  every  day  and  the  Air  Force  is  obviously  concentrating 
on  other  tasks. 

The  Group  points  out  that  Admiral  Brinkmann  has  left  for  a  conference 
v/ith  the  Admiral,  Black  Sea.   After  next  Wednesday,  he  will  visit 
Army  Groups  A  and  B  and  the  Navy  Liaison  Officer  at  the  Army  High 
Command,  so  thf.t  ho  can  be  called  on  to  help  clarify  this  question. 
-(Soc  Telegram  1000.  ) 


k 


a. 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
2  Sep.  1942 

Telegram  1800  likewise  contains  a  report  concerning  the  operations  of 
light  naval  forces,  submitted  by  Group  South  in  accordance  with  the 
Naval  Staff  directive.   The  1st  PT  Boat  Flotilla  was  in  action  un- 
interruptedly from  2  Aug.  to  10  Aug.   Operations  which  had  been  planned 
for  the  periods  11  to  20  Aug.  and  24  to  30  Aug.  could  not  be  carried 
out  due  to  bad  weather.   On  all  other  days  operations  were  carried  out 
and  successes  achieved.   Moreover,  Group  South  has  ordered  all  sub- 
ordinate commands  concerned  to  submit  all  relevant  information  which 
might  be  used  to  evaluate  or  refute  the  charges  made  (see  Telegram 
0938). 

The  Admiral,  Black  Sea  is  given  explicit  orders  not  to  undertake  any 
steps  of  his  own  with  regard  to  Army  Group  A   at  this  time,  but  to 
leave  this  to  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy. 

The  Navy  liaison  officers  at  the  Army  High  Command  and  the  Air  Force 
General  Staff,  and  the  Permanent  Representative  of  the  Commander  in 
Chief,  Navy  at  Fuehrer  Headquarters  have  been  fully  informed  of  the 
above. 

For  copies  of  the  telegrams  exchanged  in  the  matter  see  1/Skl  la 
21609/42  Gkdos.  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XI Va. 

The  Chief,  Naval  Staff  is  leaving  for  northern  France  in  the  afternoon 
on  an  inspection  tour  of  the  Dieppe  area  and  will  be  absent  from  Berlih 
until  the  morning  of  4  Sep. 


Special  Items; 

I.  With  regard  to  the  Naval  Staff's  review  of  the  situation  at  Crete 
(l/Skl  lb  (plan)  1381/42*  Gkdos.  Chefs,  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XIV) 
the  Commanding  Admiral,  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  comments  as  fol- 
lows : 

Because  of  my  long  and  extensive  experience   in  working  with  the 
Italians,  I  feel  that  I  should  add  a  few  words  to  the  conclusions 
reached  in  the  matter,  with  which  I  fully  agree: 

We  have  no  guarantee  that  the  Italians  will  give  active  and  loyal 
support  to  German  interests  after  this  war.   Apart  from  the  fact  that 
the  attitude  "of  the  Italians  from  the  political  point  of  view  is  and 
always  will  be  purely  egotistical,  their  working  methods,  according  to 
German  criteria  freauently  lack  the  necessary  energy  and  systematic 
thinking  even  in  their  own  interests.   All  the  less  can  it  be  expected 
that  they  will  work  in  the  interest   of  Germany  when  this  conflicts 
with  their  own  interest,  as  in  Greece  and  Asia  Minor.   German  inter- 
ests can  be  upheld  in  a  way  adequate  for  the  future  of  the  country 
only  if  supported  by  military  might. 

For  further  discussion  of  this  question  see  1/Skl  1686/42  Gkdos.  Chefs j 
in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XIV. 

II.  An  intelligence  report  from  a  not  too  reliable  source,  dated 
Stockholm,  31  Aug.,  mentions  preparations  for  large-scale  air  raids  on 
Stettin,  Magdeburg,  Chemnitz  and  the  inland  port  Duisburg-Hamborn, 
Allegedly  an  attack  on  Vichy  is  planned,  too.   Large  tow  barges,  total- 
ling 2,500,000  tons,  are  said  to  be  in  readiness  for  troop  transports 
in  various  northern  harbors  of  the  British  Isles,  a  part  of  them  in  The 
Wash  and  at.  Hull.  -During  the  pas-t  4 -weeks  200^,000  -tons -of— vmr 
materiel  were  reportedly  shipped  to  Murmansk  and  Archangel  from  the 


s 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


2  Sep.  1942 


British  Isles. 

The  German  Embassy  at  Madrid  with  due  reservation  transmits  a  report, 
according  to  which  a  British  courier  letter  intercepted  2  weeks  ago  by 
Spanish  authorities  indicates  that  Anglo-American  landings  in  northern 
Spain  are  planned.   Investigations  made  by  the  Spanish  General  Staff 
are  said  to  have  confirmed  this  assumption.   According  to  them,  the 
British  and  Americans  intend  to  land  at  several  suitable  small  coastal 
places  west  and  east  of  Santander.   Immediately  following  a  successful 
landing,  the  government  would  be  overthrown  with  the  assistance  of  the 
monarchists,  the  Reds  would  be  freed  and  armed,  and  Spain  thrown  into 
chaos.   The  British  consular  officers  at  Santander  and  Bilbao  are  said 
to  be  actively  engaged  in  the  preparations  for  the  landings;  the 
Spanish  General  Staff  therefore  reportedly  proposed  to  the  Foreign 
Ministry  the  expulsion  of  the  British  consul  Battes,  the  Cuban  consul 
Almagna  San  Martin  and  the  American  consul  Pedro  Nogues  Alonso  (all 
of  Santander)  as  well  as  the  arrest  of  the  chief  pilot  of  Santander 
and  other  Spaniards  in  the  British  service.. 

This  is  the  second  instance  that  alarming  news  was 
found  in  allegedly  genuine  British  courier  material 
intercepted  in  Spain.   It  is  altogether  possible  that 
this  method  is  being  used  to  spread  false  rumors.  The 
Stockholm  intelligence  report,  too,  bears  close  ex- 
amination. 


Situation  2  Sep.  1942 

I.   Warfare  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.   Enemy  Situation; 

North  Atlantic: 

At  2240  the  British  7,742  GRT  steamer  LIANAAR  sent  a  QQQ 
message,  reporting  a  suspicious  ship  approximately  300  miles  southeast 
of  Freetown;  this  report  was  revoked  20  minutes  later. 

Indian  Ocean; 

Approximately  340  miles  east  of  Aden  the  British  tanker 
BRITISH  GENIUS  sighted  a  periscope  and  evaded  a  torpedo. 

It  is  highly  gratifying  to  see  Japanese  submarines 
active  in  these  waters. 

According  to  a  Budapest  intelligence  report  of  2  Sep.,  a  U.S.  convoy 
arrived  at  Bandar  Shahpur  during  the  second  week  of  August.   3  steamers 
unloaded  there  and  3  smaller  steamers  at  Bushire  and  Khorramshahr.   The 
larger  ships  of  the  convoy  came,  from  Halifax,  while  the  smaller  ones 
had  joined  at  Baltimore.  A  Russian  commission  is  said  to  have  taken 
over  the  tanks  delivered  at  Bandar  Shahpur  and  to  have  shipped  them 
immediately  to  the  Caucasus.   It  was  allegedly  the  largest  shipment  of 
tanks  ever  sent  from  Canada  to  Russia. 


^ 


-20- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
2  Sep.  1942 

Pacific  Ocean; 

Allied  reconnaissance  reported  at  0555,  1  cruiser  and  2  de- 
stroyers on  a  course  of  350°  at  d'Entrecasteaux  Islands  off  the  south- 
eastern tip  of  New  Guinea;  another  2  cruisers  on  zig-zag  courses  were 
reported  between  0825  and  0928. 

2.    Own  Situatlont 

The  Naval  Staff  confirmed  to  the  CHARLOTTE  SCHLIEMANN  by 
Radiogram  1057  that  ships  "28"  and  "23"  had  reported  on  29  Aug.  that 
they  had  received  supplies  from  the  CHARLOTTE  SCHLIEMANN  and  dismissed 
her.   The  Naval  Staff  therefore  deduces  that  the  supply  ship  started  oh 
her  way  to  Japan  on  29  Aug.  as  ordered  on  21  Aug. 

The  Naval  Staff  confirms  by  Radiogram  1947  to  the  TANNENFELS  the  re- 
port received  by  ship  "10"  according  to  which  the  TANNENFELS  was  dis- 
missed on  30  Aug.  to  the  waters  1°  farther  west  and  240  miles  farther 
south  than  point  "Trimmplan".   The  Naval  Staff  therefore  assumes  that 
the  TANNENFELS  is  proceeding  in  accordance  with  the  order  of  19  Aug. 


II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

Reconnaissance  in  the  Channel  brought  no  observations  of 
particular  interest. 

2,  Own  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast: 

An  enemy  air  raid  on  La  Pallice  occurred  between  0710  and 
0716.   3  mine  sweepers  went  to  the  aid  of  an  Italian  submarine  damaged 
by  aerial  attack  in  quadrant  BF  8390  and  3  went  to  the  aid  of  a  German 
submarine  disabled  in  BF  5340  and  unable  to  submerge. 

At  0715  the  supply  ship  PASSAT,  anchored  in  the  St.  Nazaire  roadstead, 
was  attacked  by  a  low-flying  enemy  plane;  no  air  raid  alarm  had  been 
sounded  previously.   She  was  badly  damaged  by  a  bomb  hit  at  the  stern 
and  set  afire.   It  was  possible  to  extinguish  the  fire.   Casualties 
are  considerable.   Attempts  are  being  made  to  tow  the  ship  to  port. 

The  loss  of  this  valuable  vessel  which  was  ready  to  sail  for  the  supply 
of  the  auxiliary  cruisers  is  a  very  serious  blow.   It  remains  to  be 
seen  how  much  of  her  cargo  can  be  salvaged. 

Prompted  by  today's  air  raids  on  the  roadsteads  of  La  Pallice  and  St. 
Nazaire,  Group  West  calls  the  attention  of  the  3rd  Air  Force  to  the 
necessity  of  reinforcing  the- anti-aircraft  defenses,  since  roadsteads 
are  indispensable  as  alternate  anchorages,  and  even  valuable  ships  must 
use  them  at  times  for  limited  periods. 

The  Group  suggests  that  anti-aircraft  barges  like  those  requested  for 
the  Gironde  estuary  be  provided  for  La  Pallice  and  St.  Nazaire  also, 
and  if  this  should  prove  impossible,  4  anti-aircraft  vessels  at  each 
place. 


-& 


1-105  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 
2  Sep.  1942 

Channel  Coast; 

Nothing  to  report  about  the  naval  situation. 

Group  West  reports  on  the  further  enlargement  of  the  flanking  mine- 
fields in  the  Channel:  mining  of  the  gaps  betv/een  D2  and  El  (code  name 
"Runenschrift")  and  between  C2  and  Dl  (code  name  "Ranke")  by  means  of 
cutter  floats,  to  be  carried  out  by  motor  mine  sweepers  based  at 
Boulogne. 

The  Naval  Staff  considers  these  measures  very  appropriate. 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.  North  Sea: 
Enemy  Situation: 

Nothing  to  report.  * 

Own  Situation: 

During  the  night  of  1  Sep.,  5  enemy  planes  flew  over  the 
Danish  west  coast.   Little  enemy  air  activity  in  the  Dutch  area.   It 
is  belatedly  reported  that  a  Spitfire  was  shot  down  in  the  forenoon  of 
1  Sep.  by  mobile  naval  anti-aircraft  guns  at  Scheveningen. 

The  mine-exploding  vessel  "164"  struck  a  mine  in  the  Hubertgat  and 
sank.   North  of  Borkum,  the  steamer  MATTHIAS  STINNES,  in  the  Elbe-Ems 
traffic,  struck  a  mine,  but  remained  afloat.   5  ground  mines  were  swept 
on  the  convoy  route  betv/een  Terschelling  and  Borkum. 

1  boat  was  damaged  and  towed  to  shore  during  an -enemy  air  attack  on  the 
Rhine  Flotilla  near  Domburg. 

2.  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean: 

Enemy  Situation: 

According  to  air  reconnaissance,  2  steamers  on  a  southerly  \ 

course  were  located  in  the  western  fairway  off  Kanin  Nos;  in  Byelusha 
(on  the  southwest  coast  of  Novaya  Zemlya)  4  steamers  and  6  patrol 
vessels  were  sighted. 

Own  Situation: 

Within  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  only  mod- 
erate enemy  air  activity  on  the  Arctic  coast  on  31  Aug.,  1  and  2  Sep. 
Attacks  on  a  westbound  convoy  off  Sylte  Fjord  and  on  the  Havningberg 
coastguard  station  were   ineffective.   From  the  We3t  coast  reports 
were  also  received  of  enemy  daytime  air  activity  on  1  and  2  Sep, 

Convoy  operations  continued  according  to  plan. 

3.  Arctic  Ocean: 

There  is  still  no  news  from  the  ULM.   Group  North  directs 
the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  to  cut  short  operation  "Zar",  whether  com- 
pleted  or  not. — The  corresponding -order  Is  transmitted  to  the  ULM  b-y- 

422;-  B-io52 


CONFIDENTIAL 


2  Sep.  1942 


the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  via  Radiogram  1508. 

Group  North  informs  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  that  it  wishes  operation 
"Doppelschlag"  to  be  carried  out  as  soon  as  possible,  and  suggests  the 
following s 


On  or  about  3  Sep.  the  S CHEER  and  the  HIPPER  are  to  sa 
area,  where  the  HIPPER  will  refuel;  on  4  Sep.  they  are 
miles  to  quadrants  AF  85-AT  33  at  a  speed  of  21  knots 
destroyers  carrying  no  mines.   From  there  the  SCHEER  i 
the  vicinity  of  Nordenskioeld  Archipelago,  Dickson  Isl 
Yenisei  River  estuary;  the. HIPPER  to  the  mouth  of  the 
farther  west.   For  2  to  3  days  they  are  to  operate  aga 
shipping  and  bombard  the  coast.   Following  this,  they 
possible  together,  searching  for  ships  sailing  singly 
Zemlya  and  Spitsbergen.   The  Group  is  not  planning  to 
lay  mines. 


il  to  the  Gimsoe 

to  proceed  200 
escorted  by  3 
s  to  proceed  to 
and,  and  the 
Ob  River  and 
inst  enemy 
are  to  return,  if 
betv/een  Novaya 
have  the  HIPPER 


Operation  "Doppelschlag"  is  under  the  command  of  Rear  Admiral  Meisel 
as  senior  commander. 


Group  North,  moreover,  reports  that  it  has  given  instructions  for 
mining  operation  "Zarewitsch-Romanow",  to  be  carried  out  by  4  mine- 
laying  destroyers  and  1  combat  destroyer.   For  telegram  see  l/Skl 
1707/42  Gkdos.  Chefs.,  in  files  "Doppelschlag". 


the  Commanding  Admiral,  Group 
extend  the  operation  of  the 
made  ready  for  this  purpose  (following 
at  present  27  knots).   The  Commanding 
told  that  the  operation  may  also  be 
carried  out  by  either  the  SCIIEER  or  the  HIPPER,  and  he  reported  in 
this  connection  that  the  SCHEER  is  .not  ready  for  action;  for  this 
reason  it  would  be  impossible  to  start  the  operation  prior  to  8  Sep. 


The  Chief  of  Staff,  Naval  Staff  informed 
North  by  telephone  that  it  is  planned  to 

The  TIRPITZ  is  to  be 

her  maximum  speed  is 

Group  North  has  been 

by 


SCIIEER. 
repairs , 

Admiral, 


IV.   Skagerrak.  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

During  the  night  of  1  Sep.  enemy  air  activity  over  the  Baltic  Sea 
as  far  as  Kolberg.   From  there  the  enemy  planes  flew  overland  to  War- 
saw and  Kutno,  and  returned  by  the  same  route.   More  planes  from  the 
east  flew  over  East  Prussia  and  into  the  Warsaw  area. 

Nothing  of  importance  to  report  from  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admirajl, 
Defenses,  Baltic  Sea.   One  He  177  crashed  in  quadrant  A0  7261. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Group  North  Intends  an  inspection  tour  to  the 
area  of  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic  Sea  and  the  Commanding 
Admiral,  Baltic  Countries  between  10  and  20  Sep. 

The  mine  fields  "Seeigel  35"  and  "38"  in  the  area  of  the  Commander, 
Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic  Sea  were  laid  according  to  plan.   A  Finnish  mine 
layer  in  cooperation  with  2  vessels  of  the  1st  Motor  Mine  Sweeper 
Flotilla  has  completed  mine  field  "Narpa". 

Anti-submarine  patrols  and  convoy  missions  proceeded  according  to  plan 
without  major  incidents. 


-23- 


8-1052 


:-::r:3L::r:Ai 

2  Sep.  1942 

V.    Submarine  V.'arf=re 

1.  Enemy  Situation; 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation; 

No  reports  were  received  from  the  submarines  In  the  Norwegian 
area. 

The  operations  In  the  North  Atlantic  against  the  two  convoys  in  quad- 
rant AL  were  cut  short.   The  groups  "Vorwaerts"  and  "Stier"  were  com- 
bined into  a  new  task  force  "Vorwaerts",  consisting  of  13  submarines, 
for  operations  against  a  convoy  from  Great  Britain  to  America  which  is 
expected  on  4  Sep. 

No  reports  about  the  achievements  of  the  submarines  operating  on  the 
American  coast  were  received. 

Submarine  D  "109"  reports  from  quadrant  FF  3650  the  sinking  of  the 
10,000  GHT  steamer       ::i3HT  after  a  chase  of  22  hours. 

Additional  reoorts  in  Supplement  to  Submarine  Situation  in  Vi'ar  Diary, 
Part  3,  Vol.  IV. 


VI.  Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity; 

German  fighter  bombers  raided  the  Isle  of  Wight  during  the 
day.  Also  a  sailing  cutter  was  sunk.   During  the  night  of  2  Sep.  five 
Ju  88' s  raided  Leeds. 

2.  Incursions : 

200  of  the  216  enemy  flights  reported  during  the  night  of  2 
Sep.  penetrated  into  German  territory.   The  attacks  centered  on 
Karlsruhe,  where  50  to  60  planes  wrought  considerable  damage.   For  de- 
tails see  "daily  situation  report. 

3.  Mediterranean  Theater; 

Our  rlar.es    flew  combat   missions    in   support   of  the   Panzer 
Army  and  carried  out    reconnaissance. 

4.  Eastern  Front: 

130  planes  were  reported  shot  down  at  the  various  army 
sectors.   The  airfield  of  thirmashi  on  the  Arctic  coast  was  attacked. 
Reconnaissance  activity  at  all  other  sectors  of  the  Eastern  Front. 


VTI.  ?«'arfare  in  the  Mediterranean  and  the  31ack  Sea 

1.   Enemy  Situation,  Mediterranean; 

The  C-class  cruiser  sailed  from  Gibraltar  on  1  Sep.  and  one 

-24- 

B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
2  Sep.  1942 

tanker  arrived  there  during  the  night  of  1  Sep.  Three  loaded  tankers 
escorted  by  3  corvettes  arrived  from  the  Atlantic.  At  noon  the  follow- 
ing ships  were  in  Gibraltar:  2  battleships,  2  cruisers,  one  of  which 
in  dock,  1  auxiliary  cruiser,  5  destroyers,  21  steamers,  and  11 
tankers.   81  planes  were  on  the  airfield. 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Spain,  Gibraltar  is  allegedly 
expecting  the  arrival  of  aircraft  carriers  and  battleships  to  serve  as 
escort  of  a  most  important  convoy  to  the  Mediterranean. 

An  unusually  large  number  of  submarines  was  reported  sighted  in  the 
Central  Mediterranean. 

No  reports  about  the  sighting  of  other  warships  or  steamers  were  re- 
ceived from  the  Central  and  Eastern  Mediterranean.   According  to  radio 
intelligence,  air  reconnaissance  activity  over  these  waters  was  partic- 
ularly lively  and  successful.   Malta-based  planes  reported  a  destroyer 
on  a  westerly  course  off  Cape  Spartivento  and  a  tanker  and  3  destroyers 
on  a  southerly  course  south  of  Corfu.   Alexandria-based  planes  reported 
a  convoy  of  1  steamer  and  1  destroyer  steering  a  northwesterly  course 
off  Cape  Krio  and  7  lighters  sailing  eastward  off  Derna. 

Photo  reconnaissance  of  1  Sep.  revealed  that  5  steamers  totalling  ap- 
proximately 25,000  GRT  arrived  in  the  harbor  of  Suez. 

2.  Own  Situation,  Mediterranean: 

German  PT  boats  off  Alexandria  had  to  discontinue  their  op- 
eration during  the  night  of  1  Sep.  due  to  weather  conditions.   Marsa 
Matruh  was  raided  by  enemy  planes  during  the  night  of  31  Aug.  and 
Bardia  at  noon  of  1  Sep.   No  damage  was  reported  from  either  place. 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa; 

During  the  night  of  1  Sep.  the  tanker  P.C.  FASSIO  was  sunk 
off  Derna  by  enemy  planes.   In  the  same  area  the  escorted  tanker 
ABRUZZI  with  484  tons  of  fuel  for  the  German  Army  was  damaged  by  a 
bomb  hit  on  the  evening  of  1  Sep.  and  was  abandoned  by  the  crew.  Another 
air  attack  occurred  during  the  night  of  1  Sep.  on  the  escort  of  the 
steamer  PROSERPINA  east  of  Otranto.   In  the  forenoon  of  2  Sep.  two 
empty  landing  barges  were  damaged  by  machine  gun  fire  from  enemy  planes 
east-northeast  of  Derna. 

On  1  Sep.  the  German  steamer  MENES  was  damaged  during  an  enemy  bombing 
raid  on  Candia. 

Otherwise  supply  traffic  to  Africa  and  African  coastal  shipping  pro- 
ceeded according  to  plan. 

The  extraordinarily  lively  and  successful  enemy  air 
activity  against  the  African  supply  operations  is  ex- 
tremely troublesome  as  such,  but  particularly  so  at  the 
present  moment.   The  effect  on  the  operations  of  our 
troops  in  Egypt  is  particularly  harmful  since  supply 
traffic  to  Africa  never  reached  the  proportions  necess- 
ary to  permit  adequate  preparation  for  the  land  opera- 
tion now  in  progress,  in  spite  of  the  constant  pressure 
by  the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  during  the  past 
weeks  and  in  spite  of  the  explicit  promise  of  the  Duce. 
On  the  other  hand,  it  is  becoming  more  and  more  evident 
how  serious  a  matter  it  is  that  Malta  is  not  yet  in  our 
possession  and  how  appropriate  it  would  have  been  to 

-25-  B"1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
2  Sep.  1942 

stick  to  the  original  plan  "first  'Herkules',  then 
Tobruk".   We  should  not  have  abandoned  this  plan  unless 
our  Air  Force  had  been  strong  enough  to  paralyze  Malta 
in  order  to  provide  the  greatest  possible  measure  of 
safety  for  our  supply  shipping;  our  planes,  however, 
were  able  to  do  this  only  for  a  very  brief  period. 

The  amount  of  cargo  unloaded  at  Tobruk  on  1  Sep.  was  1,297  tons. 

4.   Area  Naval  Group  South: 

Aegean  Sea: 

The  damage  to  the  steamer  MENES  was  caused  by  a  short  circuit 
and  fire  following  a  bomb  hit  on  the  main  supply  cable  and  the  pier  of 
Candia.   The  cargo  below  deck  is  probably  undamaged. 

Otherwise,  convoys  in  the  Aegean  operated  according  to  plan. 

Black  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  observed  lively  traffic  of  small  vessels 
and  PT  boats  south  of  Taman  Peninsula.   1  heavy  cruiser  and  1  flotilla 
leader  were  located  at  sea  off  Poti.   German  planes  attacked  a  sub- 
marine 120  miles  south  of  Kerch.   Lively  shipping  was  observed  on  the 
Volga  River. 

Own  Situation: 

Operation  "Bluecher  11*  was  initiated  on  the  evening  of  1 
Sep.  as  scheduled.   The  landing  on  the  enemy  coast  has  been  in  progress 
since  2  Sep.   0200  according  to  plan,  and  thus  far  without  casualties. 

The  1st  PT  Boat  Flotilla  under  Captain  Toenniges,  which  operated  off 
the  south  coast  of  the  Taman  Peninsula  during  the  night  of  1  Sep., 
torpedoed  and  sank  2  tankers,  2  steamers,  and  6  large  lighters,  total- 
ling 15,400  GRT  according  to  uncontestable  observation. 

The  Italian  subchaser  flotilla  which  wa3  sent  out  in  the  same  night  for 
torpedo  operations  south  of  the  Kerch  Strait  encountered  no  targets. 
Another  mission  of  the  1st  PT  Boat  Flotilla  against  shipping  off  the 
Taman  Peninsula  is  scheduled  for  the  night  of  2  Sep.   The  Italian  sub- 
chasers cannot  go  into  action  due  to  weather  conditions. 

Two  Italian  submarines  cut  short  an  operation  off  the  Bessarabian  coast 
on  1  Sep.  due  to  bad  weather.   Convoy  traffic  was  suspended  in  the 
afternoon  of  1  Sep.  owing  to  the  weather;  resumption  is  planned  for 
4  Sep. 

Group  South  reports  that  the  transshipments  in  the  areas  of  the  Black 
Sea  and  the  Sea  of  Azov  during  the  month  of  August  reached  a  total  of 
101,000  tons;  it  consisted  of  36,000  tons  of  armed  forces  supplies  to 
the  Ukraine,  10,000  tons  of  armed  forces  supplies  to  other  places, 
31,000  tons  of  non-military  supplies,  and  24,000  tons  of  return  cargo. 


B-1052 

-26- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
2  Sep.  1942 

VIII.  Situation  East  Asia 

The  German  Admiral  at  Tokyo  reports  on  the  basis  of  Japanese  in- 
formation: 

In  the  course  of  the  second  battle  of  the  Solomon  Islands,  1  enemy  sub- 
marine, 2  destroyers,  and  1  transport  were  sunk  in  a  number  of  indi- 
vidual engagements.   All  planes  which  had  landed  on  the  Guadalcanal 
airfield  were  allegedly  destroyed.  The  enemy  is  trying  to  safeguard 
the  supply  of  the  landed  forces  by  every  means.   On  31  Aug.  Japanese 
submarines  attacked  an  enemy  aircraft  carrier  off  the  southeastern  tip 
of  the  eastern  Solomon  Islands;  one  torpedo  hit  was  observed.   In  Milne 
Bay  Japanese  army  units  were  landed  to' seize  the  nearby  airfield. 

It  appears  that  both  sides  are  making  strong  efforts  to 
retain  possession  of  the  Solomon  Islands  and  consider 
this  matter  as  of  greatest  importance  in  view  of  the 
strategic  significance  of  this  island  group  for  Australia, 


IX.  Army  Situation 

1.   Russian  Front: 

Army  Group  A: 

In  spite  of  beginning  bad  weather,  landings  on  the  Taman  Pen- 
insula were  made  after  0200  of  2  Sep.  according  to  the  plans  outlined 
for  operation  "Bluecher  II**.  3  assault  detachments  were  disembarked  and 
took  several  villages  south  and  southwest  of  the  landing  places  by  sur- 
prise; they  were  supported  by  fire  from  the  battle  ferries.  Around  1500 
the  northern  part  of  the  peninsula  was  in  our  hands.  Also,  the  landing 
on  the  point  southwest  of  Tamanskaya  Bay  succeeded  as  planned.  The 
central  part  of  the  island  was  occupied  where  it  is  1.5  km  wide. 
Rumanian  cavalry  divisions  advanced  on  the  hills  southwest  of  Temryuk. 
From  Anapa  the  attack  was  carried  south  and  southeast  along  the  coastal 
road. 

Spearheads  of  the  V  Army  Corps  advanced  in  the  direction  of  Novorossisk 
against  strong  enemy  resistance.   One  of  our  battalions,  which  had  been 
cut  off,  had  to  be  extricated  in  hand-to-hand  fighting  south  of  Goryachi. 
The  111th, Infantry  Division  formed  a  bridgehead  across  the  Terek  River 
at  Mozdok;  the  river  was  also  crossed  southv/est  of  Kislyar  by  units  of 
the  370th  Infantry  Division. 

Army  Group  B: 

Southwest  of  Stalingrad  German  and  Rumanian  divisions  have 
advanced  beyond  the  Stalingrad-Kalach  railroad  and  are  now  engaged  at 
Voroponovo  10  km  west  of  Stalingrad.   Our  forces  advancing  from  the 
northwest  are  about  to  merge  with  the  forces  coming  up  from  the  south. 
At  Serafimovich  the  enemy  succeeded  in  penetrating  deeply  into  our  lines. 
It  was  necessary  to  throw  the  22nd  Panzer  Division  into  the  gap. 

Central  Army  Group: 

Fighting  flared  up  again  south  of  Sukhinichi.  East  of  Vyazma 
and  in  the  Rzhev  sector  the  enemy  has  resumed  his  attacks  with  great 
numbers  of  tanks  and  strong  artillery.   This  battle  is  now  going  on  with 
varying  success.   The  enemy  suffered  heavy  casualties. 

-27-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


2   Sen.    194? 


northern  Amy  Group; 

Also  south  of  Lake  Ladoga,  the  enemy  offensive  remains  un- 
checked.  In  some  places  there  was  f ierce /hand-to-hand  fighting.  On  the 
Leningrad  front  the  enemy  attacked  the  L  Army  Corps  with  tanks  and 
infantry,  following  a  strong  artillery  barrage.   All  thrusts  wore 
halted  by  counter-attacks. 


2. 


Finnish  Front : 


Repeated  attacks  of  small  enemy  detachments  at  the  Aunus  and 
Llaselskaya  fronts  v/ere  repulsed.  Enemy  reinforcements  on  the  Rybachi 
Peninsula  indicate  imminent  attacks.   A  rather  weak  enemy  landing 
attempt  on  the  south  shore  of  Motovski  Bay  was  repulsed. 


3. 


North  Africa: 


An  enemy 


Very  heavy  enemy  air  attacks  by  day  and  night, 
counterattack  against  our  attacking  force  was  repulsed.   On  the  northern 
front  sector  the  enemy  succeeded  in  temporarily  penetrating  into  our 
position;  the  situation  has  already  been  restored.   It  must  be  expected 
that  the  enemy  will  be  reinforced  by  at-  least  one  division  within  0  to 
10  days  after  the  arrival  of  the  convoy  which  is  to  put  into  Sues  early 
in  September. 


B-1052 


2«t- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


3  Sep.  194 


o 


Items  of  Political  Importance 

Spain : 

Franco  has  reorganized  the  Cabinet;  the  Foreign  Minister  Suner  is 
leaving  his  post  and,  in  a  significant  move,  is  relinquishing  the 
presidency  of  the  Falangist  Political  Committee  to  his  brother-in-law 
Franco.   The  appointments  of  General  Jordanas  as  Foreign  Minister  and 
of  Ascensio  as  Army  Minister  are  considered  favorable  from  the  German 
standpoint.   The  reorganization  of  the  Cabinet  is  an  indication  of 
great  domestic  tension.   Its  direct  cause  was  evidently  the  bitter 
conflict  which  has  existed  for  a  long  time  between  extreme  Falangists 
and  the  traditional  right-wing  groups  of  the  country,  which  some  time 
ago  led  to  the  attempt  on  the  life  of  "War  Minister  Varela  at  Bilbao 
that  cost  many  lives.   Foreign  policy  probably  plays  no  decisive  role 
in  the  conflict   at  this  stage.   There  can,  however,  be  no  doubt  that 
the  British  are  trying  with  all  means  to  deepen  the  existing  rift. 
When  the  question  of  Spain's  participation  in  the  war  is  considered, 
the  precarious  position  of  the  government  must,  under  all  circumstances 
be  taken  into  account. 

Japan; 

The  resignation  of  Togo,  the  last  civilian  minister  of  the  Japanese 
Cabinet,  was  a  purely  personal  matter,  at  least  according  to  emphatic 
official  st-atements.   The  government  spokesman  expressly  stated  that 
this  resignation  has  no  connection  with  the  Russian  situation  nor  with 
the  creation  of  the  new  ministry.   Foreign  newspapers  which  point  but 
that  Togo's  influence  in  the  Cabinet  has  been  decreasing  more  and  more 
probably  come  closest  to  the  real  cause.   For  example,  he  was  not 
notified  of  the  attack  on  Pearl  Harbor  until  hours  after  it  had  taken 
place.  His  resignation  would  thus  tend  to  achieve  greater  solidarity 
and  more  singlemindedness  within  Japan's  political  leadership  which 
is  now  completely  in  the  hands  of  the  military. 

Turkey; 

Willkie  is  expected  in  Ankara  on  4  Sep.,  where  he  will  hand  a  message 
from  Roosevelt  to  President  Inonu. 

Italy; 

So  far,  the  Italian  Government  has  not  received  a  formal  Brazilian 
declaration  of  war,  either  directly  or  Indirectly,  and  the  Italian 
Government  has  therefore  had  no  cause  to  take  a  stand. 

Argentina; 

A  report  of  the  parliamentary  investigating  committee  about  the  hear- 
ing of  the  First  Officer  of  the  GRAF  SPEE  in  order  to  clarify  the 
question  of  responsibility  for  the  escape  of  a  great  number  of  the 
ship's  crew  will  allegedly  be  made  shortly. 

The  Committee  for  Anti-Argentine  Activities  has  ordered  the  arrest  of 
an  officer  of  the  GRAF  SPEE. 


-29-  8-105  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 
3  Sep.  1942 

Special  Items: 

I.  On  the  occasion  of  the  4th  anniversary  of  Britain's  entry  into 
the  war,  the  London  radio  surveyed  the  last  12  months  of  the  Battle 
of  the  Atlantic.   It  was  pointed  out  that  by  1  Sep.  1942  German  sub- 
marines had  regained  about  the  same  importance  as  they  had  a  year  ago; 
however,  their  chances  of  success  have  diminished  due  to  improved  de- 
fenses, and  the  number  of  new  ships  now  surpass  the  number  sunk.  For 
a  detailed  report  concerning  this  broadcast  see  the  Naval  Intelligence 
Division's  publication  Foreign  Press  (Naval  Roports),  No.  206,  para- 
graph 2. 

The  First  Lord  of  the  Admiralty  announced  with  regard  to  the  number  of 
submarines  destroyed  that  the  months  of  July  and  August  were  the  most 
successful  of  the  war  (which  is  unfortunately  true). 

As  regards  the  most  important  German  warships,  he  had  exact  informa- 
tion on  the  present  location  and  state  of  readiness  of  the  TIRPITZ, 
SCHAHNHORST,   GNEISENAU,  PRINZ  EUGEIT,  SCIIEER,  HIPPER,  and  LUETZOW. 

II.  For  a  map  showing  the  locations  where  German  ships  were  damaged 
or  lost  due  to  enemy  planes,  mines,  bombs,  and  submarines  during 
August  1942  see  1/Skl  1  E  21667/42  Gkdos.  in  file  "Own  Ship  Losses". 

III.  According  to  available  information,  the  effect  of  our  mining  op- 
erations on  the  British  coast  during  the  month  of  June  was  particular- 
ly poor,  although  more  mines  v»ere  laid  than  in  May  and  April.   (577 
mines  as  compared  to  319  and  273  respectively.)   The  enemy's  very 
effective  defense  measures   are  probably  responsible. 

An  evaluation  of  the  observations  made,  both  with  respect  to  the  enemy 
count ermeasures  and  conclusions  to  be  drawn,  appears  in  1/Skl  I  E 
20021/42  Gkdos.   Copies  nos.  59  and  60  are  in  V/ar  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol. 
VI. 

IV.  On  29  Aug.  the  German  Admiral  at  Tokyo  had  a  conference  upon  re- 
quest of  the  Japanese  Navy  about  fundamental  problems  of  communica- 
tions.  The  fact  that  a  document  containing  the  distribution  of  the 
Japanese  fleet  was  captured  on  the  NANKIN  has  evidently  created  an  im- 
pression of  insufficient  security  of  the  Japanese  communications 
system.   The  Japanese  communications  system  is  organized  on  the  pattern 
of  the  British  and  American:   crystal-controlled  transmitters;  only 
exchangeable  code  tables  are  used;  radio  operators,  coding  and  main- 
tenance personnel  are  kept  separate,  each  trained  only  for  specific 
duty.   Control  station  traffic  unknown.   The  use  of  call  letters 
causes  concern.   Would  like  to  know  about  German  cipher  devices  and 
experiences  had  with  them.   No  confidence  in  mechanical  coding  de- 
vices.  Two  Enigma  cipher  machines  available  have  never  been  used.   We 
have  promised  to  put  them  in  condition  and  demonstrate  their  use. 

According  to  a  report  of  the  Chief  of  Communications  Division,  Naval 
Staff  several  Enigma  machines  are  on  the  way  to  Japan  and  3  code 
systems  are  being  worked  out. 

V.  On  18  Aug.  Group  West  submitted  and  expressed  full  approval  of  an 
analysis  by  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  West  about  the  ratio  be- 
tween the  forces  available  in  his  area  and  the  demands  currently  made 
on  them. 

The  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  has  acknowledged  that  the  demands  of  the 
Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  West  are  basically  justified. 


-zo- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
3  Sep.  1942 

These  demands  are  as  follows: 

a.  Permanent  allocation  of  a  torpedo  boat  flotilla  {WOLF,  I.10EV7E, 
or  torpedo  boat  "37"). 

b.  Ample  allocation  of  motor  trawlers. 

c.  Reconditioning  of  foreign  torpedo  boats  to  serve  as  escort 
boats  in  the  west  area. 

d.  Transfer  of  the  fishing  steamers  of  the  18th  Mine  Sweeper 
Flotilla  to  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  West  as  soon  as  the  20th 
Mine  Sweeper  Flotilla  has  been  commissioned. 

e.  Increase  of  the  shipyard  capacity  in  the  west  area. 

The  Chief  of  Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff  refers  this  matter  to 
the  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division,  Fleet  Branch  and  requests  com- 
pliance with  points  b  to  e  as  far  as  possible,  if  not  already  done. 

The  allocation  of  the  5th  Torpedo  Boat  Flotilla  in  addition  to  the  3rd 
Torpedo  Boat  Flotilla  to  Group  West  has  been  ordered  by  the  Chief  of 
Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff. 

An  additional  modern  mine  sweeper  flotilla  is  thus  not  being  allocated 
at  this  moment  to  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  West  because  it  is 
impossible  at  present  to  withdraw  a  modern  mine  sweeper  flotilla  from 
the  area  of  Group  North.   It  should  be  investigated,  however,  whether 
it  would  not  be  possible  to  rush  replacement  of  the  auxiliary  mine 
sweeper  flotillas  by  up-to-date  mine  sweepers,  which  is  now  under  way. 
(Delivery  dates  should  be  advanced  or  at  least  adhered  to;  the  trial 
period  should  be  shortened. ) 

VI.  The  Attache  Section  of  the  Naval  High  Command  informed  the 
Japanese  Naval  Attache  on  31  Aug.  that  the  German  Navy  gratefully  ap- 
preciates the  generous  assistance  rendered  by  the  Japanese  Navy  to 
the  common  war  effort  by  making  available  two  planes;  the  German  Navy 
has  the  sincere  desire  to  reciprocate  by  declaring  its  willingness  to 
defray  all  expenses  for  the  sojourn,  the  required  overhaul,  and  the 
equipment  of  the  Japanese  submarine  "I  30". 

VII.  The  Naval  Staff  Communications  and  Intelligence  Division  dis- 
cusses the  following  in  order  to  throw  light  on  the  enemy  situation: 

a.  The  secret  order  by  Stalin  of  28  Jul.  1942. 

b.  The  probable  behavior  of  the  Russian  fleet  in  the  event  that 
the  German  Army  continues  its  advances  and  in  the  face  of  the  imminent 
loss  of  their  last  remaining  bases. 

For  copy  see  1/Skl  29916/42  geh.  in  War  Diary,  file  "Barbarossa". 

VIII.  A  compilation  of  the  enemy  communications  intercepted  in  the 
period  from  24  Aug.  to  30  Aug.  1942  by  radio  decoding  and  radio  monit- 
oring is  contained  in  Secret  Radio  Intelligence  Report  No.  35/42. 


-31-  B-105  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 
3  Sep.  1942 

Situation  3  Sep.  1942 

I.   War  In  Foreign  Waters 

1.  Enemy  Situation; 

North  Atlantic; 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Ponta  Delgada,  1 
American  and  2  British  destroyers  arrived  there  on  2  Sep.  for  a  brief 
stay  for  replenishment. 

South  Atlantic: 

According  to  a  French  communication  to  the  German  Armistice 
Commission,  France  the  ships  touching  Freetown  on  the  route  from  the 
Cape  to  Great  Britain  are  temporarily  released  from  the  regulation  to 
refuel  at  Capetown  prior  to  proceeding  to  the  British  Isles,  and  they 
are  to  refuel  at  Freetown,  if  calling  there.   It  was  also  declared 
preferable  that  ships  sailing  from  the  Cape  to  North  America  refuel  at 
Freetown  rather  than  in  South  America. 

Obviously  the  distribution  of  coal  is  beginning  to 
cause  difficulty. 

Indian  Ocean; 

The  British  tanker  BRITISH  GENIUS,  which  on  2  Sep.  radioed 
sighting  a  submarine,  was  torpedoed  170  miles  east  of  Aden  on  3  Sep. 

2.  Own  Situation; 

Ship  "201*  reported  at  1857  by  short  signal; 

nMy  position  quadrant  GZ  24.   For  overhauling  will  withdraw  to  quadrant 
HN  83  end  of  month." 

The  Naval  Staff  acknowledged  with  Radiogram  2036  that  ship  "28"  will 
withdraw  from  her  present  position  in  quadrant  GZ  24  by  the  end  of  the 
month  to  quadrant  HN  83  for  overhaul. 

Information  about  the  enemy  situation  transmitted  by  Radiogram  1608. 


II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation; 

As  revealed  by  air  reconnaissance,  2  large  steamers,  15  other 
vessels,  3  landing  boats,  several  patrol  boats,  and  motor  boats  on 
various  courses  were  in  the  Solent.   Otherwise  little  shipping  was  ob- 
served off  the  Isle  of  Wight. 

2.  Ov/n   Situation; 

Atlantic   Coast; 

One  ground  mine  was  swept  off  Lorient.   Submarine  U  "256" 
which  was  damaged  in  the  Bay  of  Biscay  by  enemy  bombers  was  returned 
to  Lorient  under  her  own  power.   The  damaged  Italian  submarine  which 

-32-  B~1052 


( 


CONFIDENTIAL 
3  Sep.  1942 

suffered  considerable  casualties  anchored  at  Santander.   Torpedo  boat 
T  "4M  arrived  at  Brest  for  engine  repairs. 

Channel  Coast : 

One  ground  mine  was  swept  northeast  of  Dunkirk. 

3.    Special  Item: 

At  noon  of  2  Sep.  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command  announced 
that  British  prisoners  of  war  taken  during  the  engagement  of  Dieppe 
were  to  be  laid  in  chains;  this  announcement  was  made  on  account  of  an 
enemy  order  captured  on  this  occasion,  according  to  which  the  hands  of 
prisoners  were  to  be  tied  to  prevent  them  from  destroying  their  papers, 
The  British  War  Ministry  lost  no  time  to  publish  an  announcement  on 
the  evening  of  2  Sep.  to  the  effect  that  an  investigation  was  under 
way  whether  such  an  order  actually  had  been  issued.   At  the  same  time 
it  vigorously  denied  that  even  a  single  German  prisoner's  hands  had 
been  tied  and  added  that  any  such  order,  if  it  had  been  given,  would 
be  revoked.   Owing  to  this  announcement,  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command 
cancelled  the  threatened  steps  toward  the  British  prisoners.   For  the 
corresponding  directive  of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Operations 
Staff  see  1/Skl  21707/42  Gkdos.  in  file  "Enemy  Landing  at  Dieppe  on  19 
Aug.  1942". 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.  North  Seat 

Enemy  Situation: 

Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situation: 

North  of  Borkum,  1  ground  mine  was  swept  by  a  mine-sweeping 
plane  and  2  by  harbor  patrol  vessels. 

140  ground  mines  were  swept  during  the  month  of  August  in  the.  area  of 
the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  North. 

2.  Norway  and  Arctic  Ocean: 
Enemy  Situation: 
Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situation: 

Area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway:     On  31  Aug. 
Russian  batteries  located  on  the  Rybachi  Peninsula  fired  on  the  harbor 
of  Petsamo,  on  Trifona,  and  on  Liinahamari  without  causing  damage. 

On  1  Sep.  enemy  planes  were  active  over  the  Arctic  coast.   Bombs  were 
dropped  on  the  convoy  escorted  by  the  light  gun  carrier  GERMANIA  off 
Vardoe.   Convoy  operations  proceeded  according  to  plan. 

Ship  lifting  gear  was  towed  into  Trondheim  on  2  Sep. 

-33-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


3  Sep, 


Arctic  Ocean:   According  to  a  report  of  the  Port  Commander, 
Vardoe,  a  rowboat  with  4  survivors  and  21  dead  crow  members  of  the 
mine-laying  vessel  ULM  arrived  there  during  the  night  of  2  Sep.   The 
surviving  first  mate  of  the  ULK  stated  that  the  mine  layer  was  de- 
stroyed by  British  destroyers  between  Bear  Island  and  Spitsbergen  at 
2300  on  29  Aug.  The  Commanding  Admiral,  Group  North  welcomed  the  sur- 
vivors by  Telegram  1720. 

Thus  the  concern  which  has  been  felt  for  days  about  the 
long  silence  of  the  ULM  has  unfortunately  been  justi- 
fied.  Further  details  must  still  be  clarified.   In  the 
first  place,  it  is  Incomprehensible  how  the  ship 
happened  to  be  at  the  reported  place  of  her  sinking  on 
29  Aug.,  evidently  after  completing  her  mining  mission. 
From  the  directive  to  withdraw  given  by  the  Admiral, 
Arctic  Ocean,  it  would  seem  that  the  vessel  would  have 
proceeded  northeast  or  east  from  Novaya  Zemlya.   It  is 
noteworthy  that  air  reconnaissance  during  these  last  few 
days  did  not  see  any  trace  of  either  the  ULM  or  the 
enemy  destroyers. 

The  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  reports  the  execution  of  mine-laying  opera-  \ 

tion  "Peter"  by  submarine  U  "589"  on  28  Aug.:   16  TKC  mines  were  laid 
in  the  waters  from  the  entrance  to  the  Strait  of  ITatochkin  east  of 
54°  E  and  south  of  73°  23'  N. 

Concerning  operation  "Doppelschlag",  Group  North  orders  that  a  full 
load  consisting  of  96  EMC  mines  be  provided  for  the  HIPPER,  with  which 
she  is  to  lay  barrages  in  the  v/aters  west  of  Yermak  Bank  along  probablo 
or  known  shipping  lanes.   The  boundary  between  the  areas  of  mining 
operations  of  the  HIPPER  and  the  SCEEER  is  to  be  fixed  at  the  dis- 
cretion of  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean.   The  mines  are  to  be  set  for  3m 
depth  to  explode  after  60  days. 

The  TIRPITZ  is  to  be  ordered  to  maintain  a  minimum  degree  of  readiness 
for  the  duration  of  operation  "Doppelschlag",  so  as  not  to  interfere 
with  her  repair  work.   The  submarines  in  the  north  area  are  to  act  as 
radio  relay  stations;  they  will  relay  important  orders  and  communica- 
tions from  land  to  the  forces  at  sea  throughout  the  mining  operations 
"Zar",  "Zarewitsch",  "Romanow",  and  for  operation  "Doppelschlag". 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Cruisers  reports  in  answer  to  the  Group's  dir- 
ective of  2  Sep.  about  the  command  of  operation  "Doppelschlag"  that  it  t 
is  Indispensable  that  he  have  command  of  the  operation  if  two  of  his 
ships  take  part.   He  suggests  that  the  captain  of  the  HIPPER  should 
take  command  in  case  the  S CHEER  does  not  participate  In  the  operation. 

This  proposal  conforms  fully  with  the  opinion  of  the 
Naval  Staff. 

However,  Group  North  decides  to  keep  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Cruisers 
on  board  the  TIRPITZ,  since  the  TIRPITZ  and  her  destroyer  escort 
must  be  held  in  readiness  to  assist  in  operation  "Doppelschlag"  in 
case  of  an  emergency,  or  to  operate  against  the  PQ  convoy;  in  either 
case  the  TIRPITZ  would  doubtless  be  the  center  of  action. 

The  Naval  Staff  Is  going  to  submit  its  dissenting  view- 
point to  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  upon  his  return 
from  Dieppe. 


■7/1  B-1052 

-34- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
3  Sep.  1942 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Cruisers  reports  that  the  cruiser  SCHEER  is  not 
capable  of  more  than  25  knots  prior  to  overhaul  of  her  engines;  she  has 
exceeded  her  normal  operating  period  and  is  thus  liable  to  break  down. 
This  practically  eliminates  the  SCKEER  from  participation  in  the  under- 
taking. 


IV.   Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

Nothing  to  report  from  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  De- 
fenses, Baltic  Sea. 

In  the  area  of  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic  Sea  bad  weather  has 
prevented  work  on  the  "Seeigel1*  minefield  and  also  mine-sweeping 
activities.   Convoy  service  according  to  plan. 

Special  Item; 

In  view  of  potential  Russian  internment  plans  for  the  Baltic  fleet, 
Group  North  requested  on  28  Aug.  that  as  many  submarines  as  possible 
be  held  in  readiness  as  they  become  available  for  operations;  these 
would  be  called  in  at  short  notice  and  would  be  posted  between  Apolda 
and  the  Swedish  coast.   They  would  be  required  only  for  a  few  days. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  requested  on  29  Aug.  that  this  opera- 
tion not  be  carried  out  because  it  requires  submarines  of  full  combat 
readiness  and  because  the  date  of  the  operation  can  by  no  means  be 
determined.   In  his  opinion,  the   planned  operation  could  not  be 
carried  out  within  just  a  few  days.   Thus,  the  submarines  would  be  kept 
from  their  principal  task,  the  war  against  merchant  shipping  in  the 
Atlantic,  for  a  considerable  time;  this,  however,  could  not  be  warranted 
by  the  results  which  might  be  achieved. 

The  Naval  Staff  shares  the  viewpoint  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Sub- 
marines and  decides  that  the  request  of  Group  North  cannot  be  granted 
for  the  tine  being.   The  Naval  Staff  remarks  that  clear  indications 
for  Russian  break-through  plans  would  create  a  new  situation  requiring 
the  commitment  of  all  forces  which  could  be  mobilized.   For  copy  see 
1/Skl  6080/42  Gkdos.  Chefs,  in  V/ar  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  III. 


V.    Merchant  Shipping 

According  to  the  Naval  Ordnance  Division,  V/ar  Economy  Branch, 
about  the  same  quantities  of  iron  ore  as  in  the  corresponding  period  of 
last  year  were  shipped  from  Scandinavian  ports  for  Germany's  account 
from  January  to  July  1942.   The  amount  shipped  on  Sv/edish  vessels  rose 
from  52^  to  59^  while  the  amount  on  German,  Danish,  Finnish,  Dutch,  and 
Norwegian  ships  decreased  cprrespondingly. 

From  1  Jan.  to  17  Aug.  1942,  65,148  tons  of  Scandinavian  iron  ore  were 
lost  in  transport,  equal  to  lj$   of  the  tot/al  quantity  shipped. 


S- 


B-105  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 
3   Sep.    IS  , 

VI.   Submarine  ..an  are 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

During  the  night  of  2  Sep.,  the  RAMILLIES  sailed  from  Gibral- 
tar in  a  v/esterly  direction  under  escort  of  5  destroyers.   In  the 
southern  rendezvous  area  2  submarine  sighting  reports  were  intercepted, 
Reports  about  attacking  submarines  were  heard  from  the  St.  Lawrence 
River  and  from  the  west  entrance  of  the  Strait  of  Belle  Isle. 

2.  Own  Situation : 

The  submarines  U  "517"  and  U  "165"  penetrated  through  the 
Strait  of  Belle  Isle  into  the  Gulf  of  St.  Lawrence.   Submarine  U  "517" 
sank  2  steamers  totalling  11,500  GRT  in  quadrant  BB  2250  and  has  left 
again  by  way  of  the  Strait  of  Belle  Isle.   Submarine  U  "165"  entered 
the  St.  Lawrence  River,  but  lost  contact  with  a  convoy  previously  ob- 
served. 

No  reports  of  any  successes  were  received  from  the  submarines  in  the 
7,'est  Indies,  the  South  Atlantic,  or  the  Mediterranean.  Additional  re- 
ports in  Supolement  to  Submarine  Situation,  V.:ar  Diary,  Part  B,  Vol. 
IV. 


VII.  Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity: 

Fighter  bombers  raided  localities  on  the  southern  coast  dur- 
ing the  day. 

During  the  night  of  3  Sep.  only  2  planes  were  reported  over  German 
territory,  flying  over  the  Baltic  Sea  into  the  area  of  Bromberg  and 
Thorn  without  dropping  bombs.   In  the  entire  west  area  there  was 
little  enemy  air  activity. 

2.  Mediterranean  Theater: 

Bomber  planes  supported  the  Panzer  Army.   Reconnaissance 
missions  over  the  Mediterranean . 

3.  Eastern  Front: 


1D1  enemy  planes  were  shot  down  at  the  various  Army  fronts. 
Reconnaissance  missions  over  the  waters  of  the  Eastern  Front  revealed 
nothing  of  importance. 


VIII.  Warfare  in  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1.    Enemy  Situation,  Mediterranean: 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Spain,  the  RAMILLIES, 
escorted  by  4  to  5  destroyers,  sailed  from  Gibraltar  during  the  night 
of  2  Sep.  in  westerly  direction.   (See  Submarine  Situation.) 


-36- 


CONFIDENTIAL 

3  Sep.  1942 

4  submarines  were  sighted  off  an  Italian  port  of  the  central  Medi- 
terranean.  In  the  eastern  Mediterranean,  3  cruisers  and  6  destroyers 
were  observed  by  Italian  air  reconnaissance  approximately  75  miles 
north  of  Port  Said  on  a  westerly  course,  and  1  cruiser  and  3  de- 
stroyers about  65  miles  west  of  Haifa  on  a  northeasterly  course. 

Radio  monitoring  intercepted  several  reports  from  Alexandria-based 
planes  about  sighting  and  attacking  steamers  and  convoys,  and  about  a 
futile  gunfire  and  torpedo  attack  of  a  British  plane  against  an 
Italian  hospital  ship  60  miles  north-northeast  of  Tobruk. 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Haifa,  a  special  task  force 
of  16  submarines,  some  of  them  of  a  new  type,  arrived  at  Alexandria  on 
1. Sep.;  they  are  supposed  to  attack  German  and  Italian  transports. 

2.  Own  Situation,  Mediterranean; 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  took 
over  the  North  African  command  station  at  Marsa  Matruh  on  2  Sep. 
Enemy  planes  raided  Tobruk  during  the  nights  of  1  and  2  Sep.;  the 
harbor  escaped  damage. 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa; 

PADENNA,  SP0RTIV0  and  BIANCHI  are  en  route  from  the  Aegean 
Sea  to  Tobruk.   50  miles  north-northwest  of  Tobruk,  where  this  convoy 
should  be  according  to  dead  reckoning,  a  German  plane  observed  a 
burning  vessel.   No  reports  were  received  from  the  convoy  thus  far. 

The  motor  ship  MONTI,  en  route  from  Naples  to  Cotrone  was  torpedoed 
during  the  night  of  2  Sep.  by  an  enemy  plane  and  had  to  be  beached  in 
the  morning  at  Punta  Stilo.   Other  convoys  proceeded  according  to  plan. 

Goods  unloaded  at  Tobruk  on  1  Sep.  amounted  to  1,016  tons  plus  756 
tons  from  tankers,  and  on  2  Sep.,  733  tons  plus-  300  tons  from  tankers. 
At  Marsa  Matruh,  638  tons  were  unloaded  between  the  afternoon  of  1 
Sep.  and  the  forenoon  of  2  Sep. 

4.  Area  Naval  Group  South; 
Aegean  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation; 

One  submarine  was  reported  in  the  Strait  of  Cerigotto  on  the 
forenoon  of  2  Sep. 

Own  Situation: 

Convoys  in  the  Aegean  Sea  according  to  plan.   2  auxiliary 
sailing  vessels  with  a  cargo  of  anti-aircraft  ammunition  and  medical 
supplies  are  en  route  from  Crete  to  Africa. 

Black  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation; 

According  to   intelligence  reports,  12  ships  of  the  Black  Sea 
fleet,  including  4  cruisers,  arrived  at  Potl  from  the  north  on  29  Aug. 
On  31  Aug.  at  0040  six  transports  carrying  wounded  soldiers,  war 
material,  and  special  detachments  sailed  from  Novorossisk  in  a  southerly 
direction;  on  1  Sep.,  5  PT  boats,  2  mine  sweepers,  and  2  transports 

B-1052 

-37- 


:::;r:r;z:-::^i 

3  Set.  1 

arrived  at  lover,  a  Sea  of  Azov. 

On  31  Aug.,  I  aircraft  carrier  (?),  6  tankers,  1  heavy  and  3  light 

cruisers,  9  submarines,  and  5  transports  arrived  at  Baturi.  According 

to  a  report  froo  Anapa,  3  ai       boats  and  11  snail  warships,  all 

heading  for  raman,  were  observed  ir.  the  early  nor:      f  2  Sep. 

ording  to  prisoner  of  war  statements,  the  ?.     :""..'."_'.-  KOHUHA  was 
badly  iaj     .  probably  by  a  nine,      g  the  Kerch  operation  of 

December  l~-4l.  Tht  s  anchored  at  Poti  until  the  er.d  of  hay. 
Z he  cruiser  VOHOSEILOV  has  beer,  ready  to  sail  since  the  end  \y. 
Allegedly,  not  -ore  than  3  or  4  destroyers  are  ready  for  action. 

Own  Sit .  :  t irn; 

I  be  first  day  of  operation  "Bluecher"  went  accoriirg  to  plan. 
Enemy  naval  forces  were  not  encountered.   Two  landing  barges  .ere  dan- 
aged,  otherwise  no  losses  were  incurred.   In  the  evening  of  2  Sep.  the 
secor.i  wave  embarked  under  unfavorable   either  conditions;  it  landed 

th  full  success  on  3  Sep.  at  0600.   The  eneny  was  taken  completely  by 
surprise.   One  Siebel  ferry  was  badly  damaged  by  enemy  action;  1  land- 
ing barge,  1  Siebel  ferry,  1  snail  vessel,  and  approximately  40  en- 
gineer assault  boat-     e  lost  due  to  bad  weather.   Another  landing 
barge  and  another  Siebel  ferry  T.ere  dara.ged  by  high  seas.   6  Siebel 
ferries  and  6  engineer  laniing  boats  are  temporarily  out  of  action  due 
to  engine  breakdowns.   Casualties  ai     the  personnel  are  low.  Supply 
traffic  was  suspended  temporarily  on  the  evening  of  2  Sep.  by  agree- 
ment with  Corps  Headquarters  until  the  ■oaths  r  improves,  in  order  to 
avoid  further  ship  losses.   Tuzla  2    it  is  firmly  in  C-err.an  hands  thanks 
to  the  assistance  re. iered  by  a  landing  barge.   The  mine  barrage  off 
the  Russian  coast  guard  station  at  Ilich  was  swept  by  the  3rd  l!otor 
Mire  Sweeper  Flotilla.   A  nee  lot     berth  is  being  provided.   The 
harbor  of  Kerch  is  being  re     ized  as  port  of  destination  for  our 

oply  traffic. 

During  the  night  of  2. Sep.,  the  1st  71      Flotilla  under  the  command 
of  Lt .  Toennlges  was  a_     ed   to  provide  flank  protection  for  the  Amy 
and  to  operate  against  enemy  shirring  s-uth  o;'  the  raraan  7er.ir.sula. 
One  4,CC~  SRI  tanker  and  2  stear.ers  totalling  4,50C  JUT,      : f  then 
loaded  with  amnio     .  ..ere  t         and  sunk.  The  1st  PT  3oat 
Flotilla  has  thus  sunk  a  total  of  34,50C  3IW  since  the  beginning  of  the 
Caucasus  offensive. 

The  harbor  of  Yeisk  has  been  cleared  for  supply  tasks.   Also  the  port 
Anapa  is  ready  for  use. 

Srecial  Iter.: 

—  i 

a.    On  24  Aug.  Naval  Group  South  made  an  extensive  analysis 
situation  (see  Op.  Stab  6050/42  Skdos.,  1/Skl  21104/42  C-kdos.) 
which  explains  and  supplements  directives  given  in  the  past  in  order 
to  ensure  a  uniform  conception  on  all  points  in  the  subordinate  com- 
mands in  the  Black  Sea  area.   The  Commanding  Admiral,  31ack  ^ea  is 
authorized,  at  his  discretion,  to  supplement  the  Group's  analysis  by 
additional  directives  or  comments  to  the  cor_~.ar.is  under  his  authority. 
Moreover,  the  above  anlysis  is  to  serve  as  a  basis  for  conferences  of  na- 
val liaison  officers  wit  .  the       ities  of  the  Army  and  «ir  horce. 

Copies  of  the  analysis  of  the  situati:     re  transmitted  to  the  "aval 
Staff  Operations  Division,  and  to  the  Vaval  St     .  ;artermaster  Di- 
vision. 


"5e~  6-1052 


9 


CONFIDENTIAL 
3  Sep.  1942 

The  Naval  Staff  Operations  Division  agrees  completely 
with  the  ideas  expressed  therein.   The  Group's  con- 
clusions concerning  the  connections  between  these  3 
problems  are  particularly  appropriate.   Turkey's  treat- 
ment of  the  question  of  the  Russian  Black  Sea  fleet; 
the  Turkish  attitude  during  the  future  course  of  the 
war;  possession  of  the  Suez  Canal- area.   The  present 
tasks  with  regard  to  measures  to  be  taken  against  the 
Black  Sea  fleet,  when  the  latter  is  being  threatened 
with  the  loss  of  the  last  remaining  bases,  illustrate 
vividly  that  the  Black  Sea,  the  Dardanelles,  the  Aegean 
Sea,  and  the  eastern  Mediterranean  are  dependent  on 
each  other  strategically  and  politically  to  such  a 
degree  that  the  decision  about  a  final  clear-cut 
sovereignty  over  them  can  only  be  solved  for  all  of 
these  areas  simultaneously.   The  key  to  the  solution  of 
this  problem  is  Suez. 

b.   With  reference  to  a  communication  from  the  Naval  Liaison 
Officer  to  the  Army  High  Command  concerning  the  organization  of  Sev- 
astopol as  transshipping  port  for  Army  supplies,  Naval  Group,  South 
points  out  that  the  Navy  has  gone  ahead  with  this  project,  in  spite  of 
the  Army's  indecision.   Before  the  harbor  can  be  used  it  must  be  swept 
of  mines,  and  crane  equipment  must  be  brought  up  from  the  naval  ship- 
yard at  Nikolayev.   A  Sea  Transport  office  ready  to  start  functioning 
is  already  established  at  Sevastopol,  and  pier  space  for  medium  sized 
vessels  is  already  available.   (See  Telegram  1725.) 


IX.   Situation  East  Asia 


Nothing  to  report. 


X.    Army  Situation 

1.   Russian  Front: 

Army  Group  A: 

The  46th  Infantry  Division  completed  the  occupation  of  the 
peninsula  north  of  Taman  Bay  including  the  point,  and  is  now  advancing 
to  the  south.   Rumanian  forces  are  advancing  north  of  the  lagoon  of 
Kiziltash.   The  bulk  of  the  Rumanian  Corps  and  units  of  the  V  Army 
Corps  are  attacking  Novorossisk.   On  the  Terek  River  the  bridgehead 
northwest  and  west  of  ttozdok  was  widened.   The  town  of  Kizlyar  was 
mopped  up. 

Army  Group  B: 

The  area  north  of  Chalchutea  was  cleared  of  the  enemy.  Tne 
4th  Panzer  Army  repulsed  a  flank  attack  so.uth  of  Stalingrad.   The  tank 
forces  which  crossed  the  railroad  line  Stalingrad-Kalach  and  are  ad- 
vancing in  the  direction  of  Stalingrad  broke  through  the  enemy  posi- 
tions and  are  directly  west  of  the  city.   Also  infantry  of  the  LI  Army 
Corps  advancing  from  the  north  and  northwest  are  just  about  to  unite 
with  our  tank  spearheads.  An  attack  by  150  tanks  from  Stalingrad  to  the 
north  was  repulsed  with  heavy  enemy  losses. 

-39- 

8-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


3  Sep.  1942 


Central  Army  Group: 

See-saw  fighting  on  the  Zhizdra  River  continues.   Also  east 
of  Vyazma  and  in  the  area  of  Rzhev  the  enemy  is  still  on  the  offensive, 
However,  we  succeeded  in  keeping  the  situation  in  hand.   In  the  rear 
of  the  Army  Group's  left  wing,  partisan  bands  are  again  increasingly 
active.-   Cases  of  destruction  of  railroad  beds  and  rolling  stock  are 
increasing. 

Northern  Army  Group: 

Enemy  attacks  at  the  same  battle  areas  continue.   An  enemy 
attack  across  the  Neva  River  was  repulsed.   The  enemy  was  also  unable 
to  gain  any  ground  south  of  Leningrad. 

2.   Finnish  Front: 

Increased  enemy  reconnaissance  activity  is  reported  from  the 
area  of  the  Rvbachi  Peninsula  and  at  the  Litsa  front. 


3. 


North  Africa: 


On  3  Sep.  enemy  reconnaissance  detachments  very  cautiously 
felt  their  way  tov/ard  our  motorized  group.   On  the  other  hand,  enemy 
air  attacks  on  this  group  continue  in  undiminished  strength  by  day  and 
night.   Normal  enemy  reconnaissance  and  artillery  fire  in  front  of  our 
fortified  positions.  Aerial  photo  reconnaissance  revealed  more  than 
300  tanks  in  the  area  of  the  1st  enemy  tank  division. 

The  situation  report  shows  already  that  our  offensive 
has  hit  a  snag.   We  must  av/ait  further  developments. 


-40- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
4   Sep.    1942 

Items  of  Political  Importance 

Great  Britain: 

The  analysis  of  the  naval  situation  by  the  First  Lord  of  the  Admiralty 
on  the  occasion  of  the  anniversary  of  the  war  (see  War  Diary  of  3  Sep.) 
touched  not  only  on  the  state  of  submarine  warfare,  as  already  re- 
ported; it  refers  briefly  also  to  the  situation  of  the  German  heavy 
battleships  and  the  Malta  situation  and  then  goes  into  detail  about 
the  problems  of  British  and  American  shipbuilding.   See  Political  Re- 
view No.  207,  paragraph  1  and  the  appendix  of  the  Naval  Staff  Intelli- 
gence Division's  Foreign  Press  Analysis  No.  207. 

India ; 

In  his  radio  address  to  the  Indian  nation,  General  V/avell  remarked 
among  other  things  that  the  4th  year  of  the  war  began  with  much  better 
prospects  for  the  Allies  than  the  year  1918.   "At  that  time  the  German 
forces  were  available  to  be  used  in  the  west  following  the  victory  over 
Russia,  whereas  today  our  Russian  allies  are  pressing  then  hard.  Today, 
the  Germans  and  not  the  Allies  must  carry  the  burden  of  Italy,  and  war 
production  in  the  U.S.A.  is  in  full  swing  already."  Finally,  V/avell 
termed  the  Indian  soldiers  fighting  on  all  fronts  the  true  representa- 
tives of  India;  they  are  the  ones  who  matter  and  not  the  politicians 
entangled  in  domestic  quarrel,  nor  the  undisciplined  youth  and  ir- 
responsible rowdies.  . 

Spain : 

Political  Review  Nc.  207,  paragraphs  2a  and  b,  contains  further  com- 
ments regarding  the  cabinet  reorganization  and  sketches  a  picture  of 
Spanish/Anglo-American  relations.   According  to  the  opinion  pre- 
dominating in  London,  Spain  will  remain  neutral,  at  least  while  Suez 
is  in  British  hands.  The  British  are  convinced  that  Franco  desires  to 
keep  his  country  out  of  the  war  in  spite  of  his  pro-Axis  sympathies  and 
that  Brazil's  entry  into  the  war  had  a  sobering  effect  on  the  Axis 
sympathizers  in  Spain,  because  this  fact  seems  to  indicate  that  the 
largest  South  American  country  no  longer  believes  in  an  Axis  victory. 

The  British  carefully  avoid  mentioning  Spain's  domestic 
weakness,  evidently  in  order  not  to  show  that  they  have 
had  a  part  In  it. 

U.S.A. : 

Roosevelt's  address  at  the  International  Youth  Congress  contained 
nothing  worth  mentioning. 

Reuter  reports  the  arrival  of  U.S.  troops  in  the  Belgian  Congo. 


Conference  on  the  Situation  with  the  Chief,  Naval  Staff 

I.    The  Chief  of  the  Operations  Branch,  Naval  Staff  Operations  Di- 
vision reports  about  the  loss  of  the  mine-laying  vessel  ULM  as  recorded 
under  Situation  Arctic  Ocean. 

Rear  Admiral  Klueber  took  over  the  command  as  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean. 


B- 


B-1052 


C0NFIDEI7TIAI 
4  Sep.  1 

II.  Z'r.c-    If  -•..:-.-  :   :..-.  -.  ;" , .  -.  _  :  ^.uarterrast  er  Division  re- 
ports : 

(a)  The  Reich  [  ritice  Shipping  has  taken  over 
shipping  also  in  1                .  as  of  1  Sep. 

(b)  Comply!:,  -rder  tc  transfer  car^o  space 
from  the  Kavy  to  th        Zonal              r  :f  "aritime  Shipping,  46  ships 
which  are  in  reel  shape,  t  -  111]   1   ,30  GHT,  and  12  ships  under  re- 

r,  totalling  55, (X      ,  e      transferred  to  date.   An  addi- 
ti  ral  62  ships  of  05,  the  ships  in  the  Norwegian 

supply  traffic,  are  e  Cer.   The  total  number  of  shins 

involved  is  therefore  120,  tot  llj    315,276  GRT  or  441,000  register" 
tons. 

The  Commander  ir.  y  orders  that  a  confirnation  be  requested 

fron  the  Reich  Commissioner  of  Maritime  Shlppin  ;,  acknowledging  that 
all  his  demands  have  beer  met  t   tie  fullest  extent. 

(c)  The  transport  of  suhnarinea  and  landing  barges  to  the  Black 
Sea  by  way  of  the  Danube  is  being  iel    -  bj  the  low  water  level  at 
Ingolstadt  due  to  d:     :  . 


*ii- 


III.  The  Chief,  Haval  Staff  expects  the  .uarterraster  Division's  re- 
port on  the  progress  made  in  reinforcing  the  defenses  of  the  Geman 
river  estuaries  Ir.  the  German  Bight;  these  reinforcements  were  supposed 
to  be  completed  by  1  Sep. 

During  the  inspection  at  Dieppe,  the  Chief,  Haval  Staff  was  informed 
about  the  great  tension  existing  between  the  Arm;  Bind  the     r  con- 
cerning the  emplacement  of  Army  coastal  batteries.   Army  artillery- 
r.en  adhere  to  their  ingrained  views  cased     I     fighting,  and  can- 
not be  convinced  of  the  changes  required  for  :    atting  targets  at  sea. 

Fuehrer  plans  an  early  conference  with  all  authc:         serned 
with  the  coastal  defense  of  the  west  area. 

The  Chief,  Haval  Staff  announces  further  that  the  Commanding  Admii  al, 

France  is  going  to  propose  the  creation  of  a     vd    iett 
naval  installations  in  France,  because  the  Amy  is  no  longer  in  a 
position  to  attend  to  this  task.   The  Recruitment  Division,      au.of 
Naval  Administration  is  directed  to  examine  this  natter. 

IV.  The  Chief,  Haval  Ordnance  Division  renorts: 

i  '  .  .  .  - 

(a^   Vith  the  exception  of  the  alreac"     gleted  IC  -:. ,  the  U.S. 
Navy  has  temporarily  suspended  further  work  :r.  the  remaining  battle- 
ships of  the  sar.e  class  in  order  to  await  the  experiences  from  the 
operations  in  the  Pacific.   It  is  remarkable  that,  while  the  dis- 
placement of  the  IOttA  was  increased  by  10,000  tons  compared  to  original 
plans,  the  original  srmament,  including  the  gun  caliber,  was  not 

rred.   The  increased  tonnage  thus  benefitted  solely  the  speed  or  the 
range  and  the  armor  protection. 

(b)   With  regard  to  the  proposition  of  the  Chief,  Naval  Staff 
Quart ermaster  Division  concerning  the  Ilich  works  at  Mariupol,  it  must 
ce  said  that  extensive  conversion  would  be  required  before  the  plant 
could  be  used  for  the  proposed  purpose.   However,  the  plant  has  since 
been  taken  over  by  Krupp  for  the  manufacture  of  Army  projectiles. 

V.  The  Deputy  to  the  Chief  of  Operations  Branch,  Naval  Staff  Opera- 
tions Division  re;;r:s  a'r  cut  the  l:rs--:s  sustained  by  enemy  merchant 
shipping  during  the  month  of  August  as  verified  by  -the  Naval  Intelligence 

ihJ  B-1052 


♦ 


• 


CONFIDENTIAL 
4  Sep.  1942 

Division,  Foreign  Merchant  Marine  Branch: 

Total  loss:   247  ships  of  1,087,529  GRT 

German  submarines  sank  107  of  these  ships  with  a  total  of  542,398  GRT. 
The  Japanese  sank  40  vessels  with  a  total  of  235,165  GRT. 

Verified  total  enemy  losses  from  the  beginning  of  the  war  up  to  31  Aug. 
1942  reach  the  sum  of  21,007,539  GRT. 

For  the  report  of  the  Naval  Intelligence  Division,  Foreign  Merchant 
Marine  Branch  see  the  appendix  to  3/Skl  FH  (c)  16015  g  in  file  "Ship 
Losses". 

The  Chief,  Naval  Staff  states  in  connection  with  the 
above  figures  that  the  goal  set  by  the  Navy  has  more  or 
less  been  achieved  for  the  moment. 

VI.  The  Chief,  Naval  Staff  orders  that  the  great  number  of  enemy  land- 
ing craft  of  different  types  captured  at  Dieppe  are  to  be  thoroughly 
examined  and  their  practical  value  established. 

The  matter  is  referred  to  the  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division. 

In  a  Very  Restricted  Circle: 

VII.  The  Chief  of  Operations  Branph,  Naval  Staff  Operations  Division 
reports : 

(a)  Concerning  Group  North's  directive  for  operation  "Doppel- 
schlag",  as  reported  in  War  Diary  of  2  and  3  Sep.: 

The  Chief,  Naval  Staff  agrees  with  the  proposal  of  the  Commanding  Ad- 
miral, Cruisers,  with  respect  to  command  over  the  latter' s  forces.  But 
since  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Group  North  would  be  placed  in  an  awkward 
position  were  he  required  to  revoke  his  own  order — which  he  upheld 
against  the  protest  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Cruisers--the  Chief,  Na- 
val Staff  merely  orders  the  Chief  of  Staff,  Naval  Staff  to  inform  the 
Commanding  Admiral,  Group  North  that  it  would  be  contrary  to  his  re- 
peatedly expressed  opinion  for  a  ship  commander  to  function  simultaneous- 
ly as  task  force  commander.  . 

(b)  Concerning  the  report  of  2  Sep.  of  the  Permanent  Representa- 
tive of  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  at  the  Fuehrer  Headquarters  with 
regard  to  the  analysis  of  the  situation  and  the  plans  for  the  Eastern 
Front  (see  War  Diary,  file  "Barbarossa") : 

A  certain  shortage  of  forces  in  the  Army  and  Air  Force  which  is  becoming 
evident  at  this  long  front  prohibits  the.  execution  of  several  major 
operations  simultaneously.   This  means  that  probably  only  a  fraction  of 
the  operations  planned  can  be  executed  during  the  remainder  of  this 
year.   A  cancellation  of  the  offensive  toward  Kandalaksha  and  the  un- 
certainty about  the  seizure  of  Leningrad  are  matters  of  importance  for 
the  Navy.  * 


Special  Items: 

I.    The  Foreign  Office  transmits  a  report  of  2  Sep.  from  the  Military 
-Attache  at  Bangkok,  based  on  Information  from  the  Japanese  India 


a. 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
4  Sep.  1942 

Bureau;  according  to  this  report,  the  General  Staff  at  Tokyo  announced 
that  no  decision  has  yet  been  reached  as  to  the  dates  and  sequence  of 
the  operations  against  Russia,  India,  and  Australia  which  are  in  prep- 
aration. 

The  following  represents  the  personal  view  of  Lt .  Col.  Maki,  Chief  of 
the  India  Bureau: 

(1)  Japan  will  not  attack  Russia  this  coming  fall.   An  attack 
after  Russia  has  been  defeated  in  Europe  is  possible,  provided  it  in- 
volves no  risks. 

(2)  The  India  campaign  will  take  place  this  year,  when  the  mon- 
soon period  ends.   The  army  for  this  offensive  is  being  trained  in 
Manchuria  at  this  moment.   The  Japanese  expect  that  the  German  ad- 
vance toward  Suez  and  the  Middle  East  will  cause  an  anti -British  up- 
rising of  the  Mohammedans,  which  would  facilitate  the  Japanese  opera- 
tions.  The  date  for  the  Japanese  undertaking  depends  on  this  move. 

(3)  The  operation  against  Australia  is  postponed  for  the  time 
being.   It  is  assumed  that  northeast  Australia  and  the  islands  to  the 
east  will  be  seized  at  a  later  date. 

The  Gei*man  Ambassador  and  the  Military  Attache  at  Bangkok  consider 
Maki ' s  analysis  essentially  correct  and  assume  that  the  former 
Philippine  divisions  will  form  the  invasion  army  for  India  under  the 
command  of  Yamashita. 

For  this  telegram  see  1/Skl  1728/42  Gkdos.  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol. 
XV. .  6  arguments  in  confirmation  of  the  view  expressed  in  paragraph  1 
are  included. 

II.  As  reported  on  3  Sep.  by  the  German  Admiral  at  Tokyo,  Kojima  sent 
word  that  about  1/3  of  the  submarines  operating  in  the  Indian  Ocean 
have  been  transferred  to  the  area  of  the  Solomon  Islands  in  view  of 
the  developments  there. 

This  report  has  been  communicated  to  the  Permanent  Representative  of 
the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  at  the  Fuehrer  Headquarters,  to  the  Naval 
Representative  of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Operations  Staff,  and 
to  the  Navy  Liaison  Officers  to  the  Army  High  Command  and  the  Commander 
in  Chief,  Air  Force. 

III.  The  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division,  Fleet  Branch  reported  on 
2  Sep.  about  the  tentative  shipyard  schedule  of  the  following  ships: 

TIRPITZ:  In  active  service  in  the  north  area.   She  is  to  be 

overhauled  at  the  Deutsche  Y.'erke,  Kiel,  from  end  of 
October  1942  to  January  1943.   There  is  some  diffi- 
culty with  regard  to  the  dock  problem,  because  the 
GRAF  ZEPPELIN  might  be  in  Kiel  at  the  same  time. 

SCHARNHORST:      Repairs  concluded  on  15  Aug.   At  the  moment  in 

training.  From  1  to  3  Oct.  she  is  to  participate  in 
tactical  maneuvers  of  the  fleet.  Will  be  ready  for 
operations  early  in  October. 

In  Gdynia  in  need  of  repair. 


_44-  ^i"52 


4  Sep.  1942 


CONFIDENTIAL 


HIPPER : 

PRINZ  EUGEN: 
ADMIRAL  S CHEER: 

LUETZOW: 


NUERNBERG : 


KOELN : 


Operating  in  north  area.   To  enter  the  Deutsche 
V/erke  in  Kiel  following  the  TIRPITZ,  beginning 
approximately  early  in  Feb.  1943. 

Shipyard  period  scheduled  to  end  on  15  Oct.  1942. 
Subsequently  training. 

For  the  time  being  on  operations  in  north  area.  To 
be  fitted  with  new  electric  motors  (Diesel)  after  1 
Feb.  1943.   Expected  to  take  3^  months  approximately. 

Structural  repairs  at  Deutsche  Werke,  Kiel,  to  last 
until  latter  half  of  October.   Subsequently  training 
and  assignment  to  Naval  Gunnery  School  from  Ik!  Nov. 
to  15  Dec.  1942.   Thereafter  available  for  north 
area.   Replacement  of  electric  motors  and  of  28  cm 
gun  barrels  planned  for  May  1943,  lasting  3^  months 
approximately. 

Left  the  shipyard  middle  of  August.   At  the  moment  in 
training  till  early  October.   Scheduled  for  partici- 
pation in  tactical  maneuvers  of  the  fleet. 

At  present  in  north  area.   Requires  about  4  months 
in  shipyard  for  repair  of  cables,  thus  restoring 
full  combat  readiness.   Cannot  be  accommodated  in 
German  shipyards  during  the  winter.   Ship  must  get 
along  without  repairs  for  the  moment.   Since  due  to 
stability  reasons  her  range  is  limited  (oil  con- 
sumption), an  examination  is  under  way  regarding 
possibility  of  continued  operations. 

In  training  with  the  Naval  Inspectorates.   Scheduled 
for  participation  in  fleet  maneuvers  from  1  to  3 
Oct.   To  enter  the  shipyard  probably  in  the  spring 
of  1943.   From  5  Nov.  to  15  Dec.  assigned  to  Naval 
Gunnery  School. 

Systematic  overhaul  at  Wilhelmshaven  shipyard  from 
15  Aug.  to  about  31  Oct.   On  this  occasion  replace- 
ment of  armament  and  installation  of  experimental 
degaussing  gear.   After  1  Oct.  1942  to  be  used  for 
training  of  naval  cadets. 

IV.  With  reference  to  Group  North's  objection  to  the  security  regula- 
tions for  the  transfer  of  ship  "45"  to  the  west  area  in  view  of  the 
presence  of  Blohm  personnel  on  board,  the  Naval  Staff  requests  an  ex- 
amination whether  the  latter' s  presence  is  necessary.   If  so,  the 
camouflage  order  will  be  changed  to  call  for  returning  to  Bremen  or 
Wilhelmshaven  for  the  alleged  purpose  of  Installing  some  special  de- 
vice for  an  operation  in  the  North. 


LEIPZIG: 


EMDEN : 


Situation  4  Sep.  1942 
I.   War  in  Foreign  Waters 
1.   Enemy  Situation; 
North  Atlantic: 


According  to  press  reports,  the  U.S.  Navy  Department  plans 


-45- 


B-1052 


. .-.  _ 


4  Sep.  1. 

to  transfer  several  ships,  i.e.,  2  battle,     ,  2  ai     t  carriers, 
and  S  others  of  t  E "_  •     I  a  Pacific  Ocean. 

South  Atlantic: 

aluation  of  information  obtained  by  the  radio  decoding  and 
intercept  services  shows  the  foil      L  b  tract  ions  for  er.er.p  shit  ting 
in  the  South  Atlantic,  amending  r::e  ertensivs  instructions  which  we 
do  nc     a: 

(1)  Vestel?  sailing  In      r  lirection  between  the  British 

Isles  and  African  ports  as  well  as  between  South  African  and  West 

Lng  ships  ahJ     :v=  separated  from  OS  :  r.voys, 
to  ::llov."  a  c   pas  500  miles  off  the  African  coast  between  -ate- 
town  and  03°  00'  S,  thence  between  the  coast  and  a  line  through  the 
following  points: 


a. 

03°  CO' 

s 

::: 

50  ' 

z 

b. 

^.tuator 

::: 

:: " 

V.' 

c. 

:::  30' 

s 

07° 

5C  ' 

v; 

d. 

Equat : r 

::  • 

■ 

e. 

05°  00' 

:: 

::  • 

■ 

f. 

10°  00 » 

:: 

26° 

::  • 

B 

.ps  runni:     tweer.   est      r.r  ar.d  Beat  Indies  ports  are  to  follow 
these  Instructions  between  points  a.  and  e. 

(2)  Ships  sailing  Ln  either  direction  between  West  Indies  and 
South  ^:ri;ar.  torts  r.ust  >eer  south  and  seat  of: 

a.  (A  line  ?)  between  33°  00'  S,  10°  00'  S  and  17°  3C '  S,  22°~C'W. 

b.  A  line  between  17-     ^,   2i      W  and  St.  Paul's  Hock. 

(3)  Southbou-     ips  between  aaaarican  East  Coast)  and  South 
American  pcrts  are  to  sail  I  etween  ICO  ar.i  2CC  -lies  east  of  (St.  Paul's) 
Rock;  northbound  ships  are  ::  sail  :        CZ  and  300  niles  east  :: 
(St.  Paul's)  Rock. 

(4)  Ships  in  betweer.  the  rritish  Isles  and  West 
African  as  well  as  South  Ar.eri     trts  farther  south  than  Cape  San 
Roque  are  to  sail  as  outlined  under  (3)  and  west  of  07°  00'  S,  :5° 

00»  W. 

(5)  Betweer.  African  and  South        n  ports  ships  are  to  follow 
the  direct  route. 

The  Haval  Staff  adds  the  following  consents: 

Shirring  has  been  : :r cent ra: e _  ir.t:  narrc-.  lar.e  s  alt.rg  the  ^:"ri:ar 
coast  due  to  the  operations  of  our  auxiliary  :r_lsers. 

The  points  ■   t]   Ml  as  the  eastern  liri-:  : t   the  traffic  lanes  in  the 
western  South  Atlantic  are  probably  specially  patrolled. 

Paragraph  (4)  nay  mean  that  ships  between  the  British  Isles  and  South 
American  ports  should  proceed  according  to  par        !  ,  ar.i  ships 
between  West  African  and  South  American  p:rts  west  of  07°  00'  S  and 
25°  00'  W.   Parag.     ^4)  has  not  definitely  been  corroborated  by 
sailing  instructions  intercepted  thus  far. 

It  car.  :e  assumed  that  the  waters  between  St.  Paul's  Rock  to  a  point 
200  miles  east  of  it  are  also  hea  lip      _lei. 

-45- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
4  Sep.  1942 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Buenos  Aires  reported  on  29  Aug.  that  meat -carrying 
vessels  are  sailing  to  the  British  Isles  mostly  via  Freetown,  other 
steamers  either  via  Freetown  or  Port  of  Spain.  Motor  vessels  and  coal- 
burning  ships  usually  call  at  Port  of  Spain. 

Indian  Ocean: 

On  2  Sep.  the  German  Consulate  General  at  Lourenco  Marques 
submitted  an  agent  report,  according  to  which  a  U.S.  convoy  with  troops 
and  material  passed  there.   Another  convoy  of  15  vessels  for  Iran  left 
Capetown,  where  a  third  convoy  from  the  U.S.A.  was  expected.  A  total 
of  10  American  ships  are  scheduled  to  pick  up  manganese  at  Lourenco 
Marques  and  Durban.   The  Americans  intend  to  station  as  many  as  500,000 
men  in  South  Africa,  which  is  to  become  the  base  of  operations  directed 
toward  Australia,  India  and  the  Middle  East.   5  or  6  light  cruisers 
left  the  Mediterranean  via  Suez.   Greek  port  and  shipping  authorities 
were  shifted  from  Alexandria  to  Mombasa. 

Special  Item: 

According  to  a  French  communication  to  the  German  Armistice  Commission, 
France,  a  burning  British  bomber  plane  crashed  at  Mogador  on  the  morn- 
ing of  2  Sep.,  apparently  after  being  fired  at.   At  0730  a  flight  of 
French  fighters  had  a  brush  with  3  British  bombers  20  km  west  of  Casa- 
blanca.  1  Curtiss  was  shot  down. 

These  incidents  prove  that  French  resistance  against  the  crossing  of 
French  territory  has  intensified. 

2,    Own  Situation:         k 

The  Naval  Staff  informed  the  Attache  at  Tokyo  with  Telegram 
2355  that  the  CHARLOTTE  SCHLIEMANN  with  104  prisoners  would  arrive  at 
point  "Rose"  around  24  Sep.  and  that  the  TANNENFELS  completed  the  de- 
livery of  supplies  to  ship  "10"  on  30  Aug.  according  to  plan. 

3y  Radiograms  0640  and  1124  all  ships  in  foreign  waters  are  informed 
about  the  enemy  shipping  instructions  for  the  South  Atlantic  as  re- 
corded under  Enemy  Situation. 

Additional  information  about  the  enemy  situation  by  Radiograms  0400  and 
2058. 


II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.   Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  observed  only  normal  shipping  in  the 
Channel. 

Between  24  and  28  Aug.  all  Important  ports  on  the  south  coast  east  of  the 
mouth  of  the  Axe  River  were  covered  by  surprise  photo  reconnaissance. 
The  photographs  show  that  the  concentrations  pf  small  craft  suitable  for 
landing  purposes  are  still  centered  between  Poole  and  Selsey  Bill.   The 
3rd  Air  Force  comments  on  the  result  as  follows: 

a.   Since  no  photographs  were  taken  of  the  area  west  of  the  Axe 
estuary,  the  total  number  (3,296)  of  small  craft  established  on  the 
English  south  coast  including  the  southern  pari  -of-  the  Thames  River 


-47- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
4  Sep.  1942 

estuary  between  24  and  28  Aug.  does  not  present  a  complete  picture. 
By  baaing  our  estimate  on  the  figure  for  28  to  30  Jul.  for  the 
western  Channel  (1,543),.  it  can  be  assumed  that  the  total  number  of 
small  craft  suitable  for  landings,  now  in  ports  of  the  southern  coast 
inclusive  of  the  southern  part  of  the  Thames  estuary,  approximates 
5,000. 

b.  Due  to  the  fact  that  the  center  of  concentration  is  clearly 
the  area  Poole-Chichester-Southampton,  we  can  continue  to  assume  that 
potential  landing  operations  would  be  launched  and  large-scale  opera- 
tions could  also  be  fed  from  there. 

c.  The  possibility  of  large-scale  landing  operations  certainly 
exists,  judging  from  the  types  of  vessels  established  by  photo  recon- 
naissance and  by  the  experiences  gained  from  the  Dieppe  operation. 

For  copy  of  the  corresponding  report  from  Group  West  see  1/Skl  21707/ 
42  Gkdos.  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  lib. 

2.    Own  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast; 

The  Biscayan  tuna-fishermen  are  beginning  to  go  over  to  net 
fishing  because  of  renewed  British  threats  and  because  the  tunafish 
are  migrating  north.   1  mine  was  swept  at  the  mouth  of  the  Gironde. 

Channel  Coast: 

The  Alderney  Harbor  Defense  Group  established  that  the  7 
man  crew  of  the  Casquets  lighthouse  and  radio  beacon  was  probably 
captured  by  the  enemy.   The  radio  station  is  destroyed,  but  signs  of 
a  struggle  are  not  visible.   This  may  have  a  connection  with  the 
sailboat  destroyed  by  the  3rd  Fighter  Command  on  2  Sep.   Further  in- 
vestigation of  the  matter  was  ordered.   (See  Telegram  2115.) 

The  2nd,  4th,  and  5th  PT  Boat  Flotillas  are  scheduled  to  lay  mines 
the  night  of  4  Sep. 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.   North  Sea: 

Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  reports  only  slight  traffic  off  the 
Humber  and  in  the  Thames  estuary. 

Own  Situation: 

During  the  night  of  3  Sep.  enemy  planes  dropped  bombs  over 
the  Emden  area.   North  of  Borkum,  1  ground  mine  was  swept  by  a  mine- 
exploding  vessel.   Channel-sweeping  had  to  be  partly  cancelled  due  to 
bad  weather. 

The  Group  supports  the  proposal  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses, 
North  made  to  the  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division  concerning  re- 
placement of  the  6  mine-exploding  vessels  which  were  lost,  and  points 
out  that  the  mine  situation  in  the  North  Sea  cannot  be  controlled  in 


-4Q-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 

4  Sep.  1942 

the  long  run  If  the  British  ground  mine  offensive  continues.   As  an 
emergency  measure,  one  mine-exploding  vessel  was  transferred  from  the 
Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  Baltic  Sea  to  the  Commanding  Admiral, 
Defenses,  North.   (See  Telegram  1249.) 

This  proposal  is  in  keeping  with  the  policy  already 
followed  for  a  long  time  by  the  Naval  Staff. 

Group  North  further  requests  the  Naval  Staff  to  supply  definite  in- 
formation about  the  deliveries  of  mine-exploding  vessels,  mine- 
sweeping  vessels  and  mine-sweeping  planes  which  may  be  expected  dur- 
ing September  and  up  to  November.   (See  Telegram  1246.) 

The  Chief,  Naval  Staff  will  give  his  opinion. 

2.  ,  Norway: 

Convoy  operations  suffered  somewhat  from  bad  weather. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  renews  his  request  for  permission  to 
lay  an  EMF  minefield  between  Skraaven  and  Flatoe  in  the  Vest  Fjord, 
at  2  meters  depth,  since  EMF  mines  have  been  declared  ready  for  op- 
erational use.   The  original  request  was  denied  by  Group  North  in 
March  1942.   (See  Telegram  2015.) 

3.  Arctic  Oceant 

Enemy  Situation: 

According  to  a  Danish  intelligence  report,  a  convoy  con- 
sisting of  approximately  10  steamers  sailed  from  Reykjavik  on  31  Aug. 
for  an  unknown  destination. 

Own  Situation: 

According  to  a  report  of  Group  North,  the  mine-laying  ship 
ULM  sank  as  early  as  25  Aug.  at  2300.   The  date  given  as  29  Aug.  was 
caused  by  an  error  in  transmission.  When  the  ULM  encountered  3 
British  destroyers  on  her  scheduled  approach  route  "Zar"  northeast  of 
Bear  Island,  her  captain  gave  order  to  scuttle  and  abandon  the  ship 
in  view  of  her  hopeless  situation  after  the  enemy  had  begun  to  fire 
from  a  great  distance.   Mines  had  not  been  laid.   One  of  the  British 
destroyers  remained  at  the  spot  of  the  sinking  for  quite  some  time. 
It  was  not  observed  whether  prisoners  were  taken.   The  British  de- 
stroyer paid  no  attention  to  a  passing  crowded  cutter.  Another 
cutter  capsized.   All  3  enemy  destroyers  fired  with  machine  guns  on 
the  fast-sinking  ULM  and  on  the  life  boats  as  they  were  being  lowered, 
according  to  statements  of  First  Mate  Bonn. 

An  additional  report  must  be  awaited.   The  3  destroyers 
evidently  concerned  were  sighted  by  our  air  reconnais- 
sance and  by  submarines  on  26  Aug.  after  0945  in  quad- 
rant AB  3855  (see  War  Diary  of  26  Aug.).   The  ULM  was 
the  unfortunate  victim  of  a  chance  patrol  run  of 
light  enemy  forces. 

5  ships  of  the  5th  Destroyer  Flotilla  sailed  from  Alta  Fjord  to 
Kirkenes  on  a  mine-laying  mission. 

Concerning  the  blockade  of  Murmansk: 

With  reference  to  the  Naval  Staff's  directive  concerning  mine-laying 


-49-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
4  Sep.  1942 

operations  in  the  Arctic  Ocean  during  the  coming  winter  (see  War  Diary 
8  Aug.),  Group  North  remarks  that  it  is  impossible  to  cut  the  supply 
route  to  Murmansk  even  by  the  most  extravagant  use  of  mines;  the 
reason  being  that  enemy  mine-sweeping  operations  can  neither  be  pre- 
vented nor  disturbed,  that  coastal  traffic  close  to  the  shore  of  Kola 
Peninsula  cannot  be  attacked  and,  finally,  because  only  very  few  of 
the  enemy  defense  installations  are  known.   The  Group  can  at  best 
harass  enemy  shipping  in  Murmansk,  and  therefore  proposes  to  lay  a 
minefield  from  quadrant  AC  0589  via  8917  to  8972  to  connect  with  the 
minefield  "Bantos  Aw.    It  is  planned  to  make  further  additions  out 
at  sea  and  later  as  far  as  quadrant  8980.   A  further  minefield  with 
timing  devices  should  be  laid  from  quadrant  AC  8581  to  8813  in  view 
of  minefield  "V/iesengrund".   Between  these  two  minefields,  mines 
should  be  laid  by  motor  mine  sv/eepers  and  PT  boats,  because  the  Group 
figures  that  there  are  enemy  barrages  in  this  areas  so  that  destroyers 
could  not  be  used  there.   Moreover,  the  Group  proposes  laying  aerial 
mines  in  the  port  of  Vladimir,  in  the  Polyarnoye  Bay,  the  Kildin 
Strait,  the  inner  Murmansk  Bay,  the  Volokovaya  3ay  and  the  Tyuva  Bay. 
Aerial  mines  might  also  be  laid  in  tho  approaches  to  Iokanga  Bay,. 
Teriberski  Bay,  Podzakhata  Bay  and  Rynda  Bay.   Moored  mine  barrages 
should  be  considered  also  between  Kola  Bay  and  the  entrance  to  the 
White  Sea.   The  Navy  requires  about  800  to  1000  large  mines  and  the 
same  number  for  additions  to  existing  minefields. 

The  destroyers,  the  K0ELN,  and  possibly  after  the  end  of  October  also 
the  NUERNBERG,  3RUMMER,  and  OSTI.'ARK  are  intended  for  use  as  mine 
carriers.   The  Group,  summarizing  the  situation,  points  out  that  even 
the  most  extensive  use  of  mines  will  bring  occasional  successes  only 
and  no  lasting  effect  can  be  expected  from  them.   If  it  is  absolutely 
necessary  we  could  stay  out  of  the  waters  south  of  70°  12'  N  between 
32°  20'  E  and  36°  00'  E,  but  the  submarine  operations  against  convoys 
would  be  badly  affected.   The  Group  suggests  that  the  Army  be  told 
now  that  it  is  impossible  to  cut  off  sea  supplies  to  Murmansk  com- 
pletely, so  that  the  Army  will  not  have  the  wrong  impression  and  will 
not  make  false  plans. 


IV.   Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

Nothing  to  report  from  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  De- 
fenses, Baltic  Sea. 

In  the  area  of  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic  Sea,  an  unsuccess- 
ful submarine  attack  was  made  on  a  German  convoy  west  of  Porkkala.   A 
submarine  alarm  was  caused  southwest  of  Utoe  by  an  underwater  explo- 
sion, probably  from  a  ground  runner.   In  the  Aland  Sea  a  Finnish  con- 
voy was  unsuccessfully  attacked  by  a  submarine. 

The  Armed  Forces  High  Command  is  informed  by  letter  1/Skl  I  op 
21693/42  Gkdos.  about  the  Fuehrer's  decision  with  regard  to  the  report 
of  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  of  26  Aug.   In  his  decision  the  Fuehrer 
accepted  the  Navy's  viewpoint  that  the  Leningrad  shipyards  be  spared. 
Copy  of  letter  in  file  "Barbarossa". 


V.    Merchant  Shipping 

An  American  periodical  surveys  the  problem  of  U.S.  cargo  space. 

-50-  B-1052 


confidential 

4  Sep.  1942 

The  Naval  Intelligence  Division,  Foreign  Merchant  Marine  Branch  made 
an  abstract  of  the  most  interesting  parts  of  the  article,  which 
mostly  consists  of  a  very  expert  analysis  of  the  present  situation; 
otherwise,  its  statements  indicate  the  same  difficulties,  which  to 
some  extent  probably  exist  in  all  belligerent  countries  with  regard 
to  merchant  shipping.   The  abstract  is  contained  in  short  report  No. 
28/42  of  the  Naval  Intelligence  Division,  Foreign  Merchant  Marine 
Branch. 

According  to  press  reports,  a  shipyard  on  the  U.S.  Pacific  coast  has 
completed  a  10,500  ton  Liberty  freighter  within  the  record  time  of 
31  days  from  keel-laying  to  final  delivery.   Another  report  has  it 
that  U.S.  shipyards  delivered  steamers  and  tankers  totalling  753,000 
tons  (probably  weight  tons)  during  the  month  of  August,  after  delivery 
in  July  of  71  vessels  totalling  790,300  tons. 


VI.   Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation; 

Submarine  U  "456"  of  the  Norwegian  group  is  supposed  to 
arrive  at  1600  on  6  Sep.  at^  70°  N,46°  E  for  a  mining  mission  of  the 
5th  Destroyer  Flotilla. 

No  reports  about  any  achievements  were  received  from  the  North  Atlan- 
tic and  from  the  American  East  Coast. 

Submarine  U  "125"  from  the  South  Atlantic  group  reports  sinking  a 
coastal  steamer  of  820  GRT  south  of  the  Gold  Coast  in  quadrant  EV 
8123.   This  sinking  caused  strong  air  patrol  activity. 

Submarine  U  "205"  torpedoed  a  destroyer  off  Jaffa  in  the  Mediterranean. 

Additional  reports  in  Supplement  to  Submarine  Situation,  War  Diary, 
Part  B,  Vol.  IV. 


VII.  Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity: 

Fighter  bomber  and  reconnaissance  missions  were  carried  out 
over  several  localities  in  southern  England  during  the  day.   For  de- 
tails see  daily  situation  report.   During  the  night  of  4  Sep.  propa- 
ganda material  was  dropped  over  Southampton  and  Portsmouth. 

2.  Enemy  Incursions: 

150  out  of  176  enemy  planes  flew  into  German  territory;  50 
came  from  the  east  and  100  from  the  west.   10  of  them  were  shot  down 
by  fighters.   The  raids  in  the  east  were  carried  out  in  an  area  ex- 
tending from  Libau  to  Elbing,  Kutno,  Lodz,  and  Bratislava;  Vienna  and 
Budapest  were  also  raided.  For  details  see  daily  situation  report. 


-51- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
4  Sep.    1942 

3.  Mediterranean  Theater; 

Our  planes  supported  the  Africa  Corps  and  at  night  made 
severe  attacks  on  enemy  tank  and  troop  concentrations  on  the  northern 
sector  of  the  Egyptian  front. 

4.  Eastern  Front; 

81  enemy  planes  were  shot  down  at  the  Army  fronts.   Recon- 
naissance activity  over  the  Black  Sea,  the  Caspian  Sea,  and  Lake 
Ladoga  revealed  nothing  of  importance. 

5.  Special  Item; 

The  Air  Force  Operations  Staff  amended  its  previous  order 
and  directed  that  the  first  two  mine-sweeping  planes  delivered  from 
the  new  production  are  to  be  transferred  into  the  Kerch  area  for 
temporary  use  by  the  4th  Air  Force. 


VIII.  Warfare  in  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1.  Enemy  Situation,  Mediterranean; 

On  3  Sep.,  2  destroyers  arrived  in  Gibraltar  and  1  trans- 
port was  towed  into  the  Atlantic.   Otherwise  nothing  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation,  Mediterranean; 

Tobruk  had  an  air  raid, during  the  night  of  3  Sep. 

8  boats  of  the  7th  PT  Boat  Flotilla  will  start  from  Rotterdam  on  10 
Sep.  for  transfer  to  the  Mediterranean  via  the  Rhine-Rhone  Canal. 

The  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  submits  the  reply  of  the  Italian  High 
Command  to  the  stand  of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Operations 
Staff  in  the  matter  of  closing  the  Strait  of  Sicily  (see  War  Diary  of 
11  Aug.).   For  a  copy  of  the  telegram  see  1/Skl  21775/42  Gkdos.  in  Wait 
Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XIII. 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa; 

In  the  evening  and  during  the  night  of  3  Sep.,  a  convoy 
consisting  of  the  PADENNA,  the  BIANCHI,  and  the  SPORTIVO  was  attacked 
by  enemy  planes.  The  PADENNA  and  the  BIANCHI  were  set  afire  and  had 
to  be  abandoned.  The  BIANCHI  sank  40  miles  north  of  Tobruk,  while 
the  SPORTIVO  reached  Tobruk.  The  damaged  steamer  ABRUZZI  was  towed 
into  Ras  el  Hilal  on  3  Sep.  where  attempts  are  being  made  to  unload 
her  cargo.   1  landing  barge  sank  en  route  from  Derna  to  Crete  due  to 
damage  caused  by  bad  weather. 

Otherwise ^  convoy  operations  proceeded  according  to  plan. 

Goods  unloaded  at  Tobruk  on  3  Sep.  amounted  to  977  tons,  plus  293  tons1 
from  tankers. 


B-1052 

^52- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


4  Sep.  1942 

Volume  of  Maritime  Shipping  during  Augu  st  1942 1 
From  Italy  to  Africa: 


From  Aegean  Sea  to  Africa: 


16,194.9  tons  of  armed  forces 
supplies 
865   vehicles 
709   men 

1,545   tons  of  armed  forces 
supplies 
152   vehicles 
697   men 


Total  17,759.9  tons  of  armed  forces 

supplies 
1,017  vehicles 
1,406   men 

In  addition  to  the  above  figures,  7,742  tons  of  armed  forces  supplies, 
425  vehicles  and  3  men  were  lost  with  the  following  vessels:   M0NVTS0* 
LERICI,  PILO,  CAMPEIRO,  ISTRIA,  BIXIO,  DIELPI,  and  the  tanker  SAN 
ANDREA. 

13,115  men  and  1,115  tons  of  materiel  were  transported  to  North  Africa 
by  air. 

This  achievement  must  be  regarded  as  entirely  inade- 
quate as  far  as  armed  forces  supplies,  including  fuel, 
are  concerned,  in  view  of  the  resumption  of  our  offen- 
sive which  had  been  planned  for  the  end  of  August. 


4. 


on  2  Sep. 


Area  Naval  Group  South: 

Aegean  Sea: 

Nothing  to  report. 

Black  Sea: 

Enemy  Situation: 

Heavy  gunfire  was  directed  against  Yenikale  and  Tuzla  Spit 

Own  Situation: 


In  spite  of  bad  weather,  the  3rd  Motor  Mine  Sweeper  Flo- 
tilla marked  the  channel  to  the  new  landing  place  at  the  Ilich  coast 
guard  station  with  buoys.   22  Russian  inertia  contact  mines  and  1  lead 
horned  mine  were  detonated  at  the  Dolgaya  Spit.   Drifting  mines  still 
constitute  a  menace  to  shipping.   Shipments  to  Yeisk  were  postponed 
owing  to  weather  conditions,  and  for  the  same  reason  neither  PT  boats 
nor  Italian  subchasers  were  able  to  operate. 

PT  boats  S  "26"  and  S  "49"  arrived  at  Constanta  by  way  of  the  Danube 
on  3  Sep.   Also  4  landing  barges  arrived  at  Sulina  from  Linz. 

It  is  planned  to  transfer  2  Italian  submarines  to  Burgas  where  they 
are  to  prepare  for  a  reconnaissance  mission  to  the  Bosporus,  since 
they  may  be  needed  if  the  Russian  naval  or  merchant  fleet  should  try 
to  break  through.  As  soon  as  a  new  base  on  the  Caucasian  coast  is 
won,  the  boats  will  be  assigned  a  zone  of  operations  in  that  area. 


-53- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
4  Sep.  1942 

The  4.5  en  battery  at  Balaklava  is  provisionally  ready  for  action. 
Special  Items: 

a.  The  Commanding  Admiral,  Black  Sea  reports  that  the  Supply  and 
Transportation  Office  of  the  Armed  Forces  Overseas  agrees  to  the 
Navy's  not  taking  over  Dniepr  coastal  shipping,  and  will  handle  load- 
ing and  unloading   itself. 

b.  A  copy  of  the  comments  of  Group  South  addressed  to  the  Naval 
Liaison  Officer  at  the  Army  High  Command  regarding  the  transfer  of 
Nikolayev-Kherson  transshipment  traffic  to  Sevastopol  is  sent  to  the 
Naval  Staff  Operations  Division  and  the  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Di- 
vision, Sea  Transportation  Branch.   For  cooy  see  1 /Ski  21841/42  Gkdos. 
in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XI Va. 


LX.   Situation  East  Asia 

A  telegram  from  the  German  Admiral  at  Tokyo  reports  that  Japaneso 
submarines  during  the  month  of  July  sank  10  ships  of  95,000  GRT,  the 
air  forces  1  ship  of  4,000  GRT,  and  surface  forces  1  ship  of  9,500  GRT; 
since  the  beginning  of  the  war,  263  vessels  totalling  1,644,000  GRT 
have  been  sunk. 

A  Japanese  auxiliary  cruiser  seized  the  steamers  HAURAKI  and  GEV0TA  in 
the  Indian  Ocean;  according  to  an  RR  signal  intercepted  by  the  DOGGER- 
BANK,  the  HAURAKI  was  captured  at  26°  44'  S,  82Q  50'  E,  which  is  in  the 
zone  of  operation  of  ship  "10".   The  German  Admiral  at  Tokyo  has  taken 
the  necessary  steps  at  the  Japanese  Navy  Department. 

According  to  the  U.S.  Navy  Department,  U.S.  submarines  have  reported 
sinking  a  Japanese  light  cruiser,  3  steamers  and  1  tanker  and  damaging 
2  steamers  and  2  "tankers;  none  of  them  were  in  connection  with  the 
operations  in  the  Solomon  Islands,  and  none  were  previously  mentioned 
in  the  Navy  Department's  communiques. 


X.   Army  Situation 

1.   Russian  Front; 

Army  Group  A: 

The  46th  Infantry  Division  met  with  strong  resistance  on  the 
Taman  Peninsula,  the  enemy  trying  to  shield  troop  embarkations  there. 
Our  concentric  attack  on  Novorossisk  is  making  slow  progress.   Several 
enemy  thrusts  from  the  direction  of  Tuapse  were  repulsed.   German 
forces  broke  through  enemy  positions  north  of  Vozmeseskaya  and  ad- 
vanced to  the  south.   Also  the  bridgehead  north  of  Grozny  was  expanded 
southward.   Enemy  attacks  on  Kizlyar  were  repulsed. 

Army  Group  B: 

Heavy  traffic  observed  on  the  railroad  line  to  Astrakhan 
from  the  south  was  effectively  disrupted.   South  of  Stalingrad,  strong 
enemy  forces  are  holding  out  in  heavily  fortified  positions  west  of 
the  bend  in  the  Volga  River,  German  tank  and  infantry  divisions 


-54- 


B-1052 


# 


CONFIDENTIAL 
4  Sep.  1942 

carried  the  attack  from  the  west  to  the  center  of  the  city  of  Stalin- 
grad and  are  engaged  in  fierce  fighting  about  4  km  from  the  Volga  Riveri. 
Divisions  of  the  LI  Army  Corps  are  taking  part  in  the  attack.  Also  the 
tank  and  motorized  units  fighting  north  of  Stalingrad  have  begun  to 
attack  and  have  reached  the  hills  north  of  the  city  in  spite  of  strong 
counterattacks.   Massed  enemy  attacks  from  the  north,  which  were 
launched  after  an  intensive  artillery  barrage,  were  dispersed  with 
the  assistance  of  strong  air  force  formations.   South  of  Livny  the 
enemy  renewed  his  offensive  and  succeeded  temporarily  in  penetrating 
our  positions. 

Central  Army  Group: 

The  action  south  of  Sukhinichi  has  developed  into  a  bitter 
defensive  battle  against  an  enemy  which  is  being  constantly  reinforced. 
East  of  Vyazma,  Russian  bomber  planes  attacked  our  positions  and  rear 
communications.   The  enemy  tank  offensive  in  the  area  south  and  east 
of  Rzhev  continues.    After  a  massed  artillery  barrage,  a  few  enemy 
tanks  succeeded  in  breaking  through  our  lines  at  several  places;  most 
of  them  were  destroyed. 

Northern  Army  Group; 

Partisan  fighting  west  of  Kholm.   Attacks  on  the  stretch 
leading  to  the  II  Army  Corps  were  frustrated.   South  of  Lake  Ladoga  and 
east  of  Leningrad  the  enemy  repeated  his  attacks.   In  a  thrust  south- 
east of  Leningrad  he  succeeded  in  forcing  the  Police  Division  back  a 
few  kilometers.  • 

2.  Finnish  Front; 

Local  enemy  offensive  activity  on  the  isthmus  and  at  the 
Kaselskaya  Army  Group.   About  130  Russians  crossed  Lake  Ond  and 
captured  the  village  of  Ondozero.   Scouting  and  assault  detachments  in- 
creased their  activities  at  the  Litsa  sector. 

3.  North  Africa; 

In  the  course  of  4  Sep.  the  enemy  launched  several  futile 
attacks  in  the  area  of  Alamnayil  and  suffered  heavy  losses.   The  com- 
mander of  the  6th  New  Zealand  Brigade  was  taken  prisoner.   According 
to  his  statements,  General  Auchinleck  has  become  supreme  commander  in 
India,  while  General  Wavell  allegedly  received  a  higher  command.   The 
enemy  reconnoitered  at  the  southeastern  flank  of  our  forces  with  scout 
cars  and  tanks. 

MB»tt««mmMtt«mmM««MBM«Hmt 


-Q. 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
5  Sep.  1942 

Items  of  Political  Importance 

Denmark : 

The  Prime  Minister  addressed  the  Danish  nation  over  the  radio  and 
appealed  to  the  population  to  be  prudent;  the  speech  was  motivated  by 
a  number  of  sabotage  acts  against  the  German  Armed  Forces.   The  Danish 
press  repeated  and  emphasized  the  warning. 

Great  3ritaln: 

The  financial  secretary  of  the  Admiralty  warned  against  the  propa- 
ganda for  a  Second  Front,  which  has  allegedly  not  yet  calmed  down  in 
Great  Britain. 

Vernon  Bartlett  declared  that  the  possibility  of  a  collapse  of  the 
Soviet  Union  should  not  be  discounted;  no  one  should  imagine  that 
Russia,  China  and  the  U.S.A.  are  waging  war  for  the  sake  of  a  British 
victory. 

Australia: 

The  Prime  Minister  spoke  about  the  cooperation  between  the  United 
Nations  and  particularly  emphasized  that  the  relations  between  Aus- 
tralia and  the  U.S.A.  are  becoming  closer,  and  are  balanced  by  the 
give  and  take  between  these  countries. 

Portugal: 

Lisbon  Foreign  Office  circles  do  not  believe  that  Brazil  would  agree 
to  American  wishes  for  the  occupation  of  the  Portuguese  Atlantic 
islands. 

Russia: 

It  is  rumored  in  Washington  congressional  circles  that  the  Russian 
Government  declined  a  U.S.  offer  of  troops.   Russia  allegedly  pointed 
out  that  she  has  sufficient  manpower  of  her  own,  but  that  Allied  de- 
liveries of  materiel  leave  much  to  be  desired. 

Iran: 

The  Prime  Minister  has  denied  foreign  rumors  that  Iran  will  join  the 
war  on  the  side  of  the  Allies  in  the  immediate  future. 

U.S.A.  : 

According  to  a  Reuter  dispatch,  Welles  announced  that  the  U.S.  Govern- 
ment has  protested  most  vigorously  to  Vichy  against  the  mass  deporta- 
tions of  Jewish  refugees  from  France. 

Argentina; 

The  Ministry  of  the  Interior  prohibited  all  publication  of  moveirents 
of  ships  belonging  to  belligerent  powers. 


-56-  B-i°52 


CONFIDENTIAL 
5  Sep.    19^2 

Special  Items; 

I.   The  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  reports  that  the  German  General 
at  Italian  Armed  Forces  Headquarters  declared  it  impossible  to  con- 
tinue the  North  African  offensive.   It  is  intended  to  retreat  to  the 
initial  positions.  Rommel  gave  the  following  reasons: 

a.  The  offensive  was  delayed  due  to  extensive  minefields,  and 
there  were  heavy  losses. 

b.  The  planned  surprise  was  unsuccessful. 

c.  British  air  superiority  is  too  great. 

d.  There  is  insufficient  fuel. 

e.  Conclusion:  A  quick  success  can  no  more  be  attained. 

Supplies  are  inadequate  for  a  prolonged  heavy  systematic  fight  to 
achieve  the  objective. 

The  German  General  added  that  Cavallero  requested  Field  Marshal  Kessel- 
ring  to  return  from  Africa  to  discuss  the  necessity  of  renewing  the 
fight  against  Malta,  so  that  North  African  supply  shipments  can  be 
continued.  According  to  the  report  of  the  German  General  at  the 
Italian  Armed  Forces  Headquarters  to  the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy, 
the  Italian  High  Command  radioed  to  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Panzer 
Army  on  3  Sep.  as  follows: 

"The  Duce  took  note  of  your  decision  to  stop  the  offensive  and 
announces  that  every  effort  will  be  made  to  transport  supplies  in 
order  to  enable  the  Army  to  repulse  a  possible  enemy  offensive  and  to 
make  a  successful  counterattack.  The  Duce  warns  again  of  a  possible 
enemy  offensive  in  the  direction  of  Siwa." 

It  is  significant  that  the  first  Italian  reaction  to 
the  new  situation  should  stress  the  Malta  project. 
The  Naval  Staff  shares  the  opinion  that  neglect  of  op- 
eration "Herkules"  is  exacting  a  heavy  price.  The  Na- 
val Staff  will  support  this  opinion  as  strongly  as 
possible  in  order  to  prevent  to  the  best  of  its  ability 
a  future  repetition  of  similar  serious  mistakes. 


Situation  5  Sep.  19*12 

I.   Var  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 
Nothing  to  report.  • 

2.  Own  Situation: 

The  Naval  Staff  instructs  ship  "10"  by  Radiogram  0440,  in- 
tended also  for  the  Information  of  all  ships  in  foreign  waters,  that 
the  zone  of  operation  of  our  auxiliary  cruisers  in  the  Indian  Ocean, 
as  of  10  Sep.  is  limited  as  follows  by  agreement  with  the  Japanese 
Navy:   35°  S,  60°  E;   30°  S,  70°  E;   JO0  Sr  100°  E;   50°  S,  100°  E;   50°  S, 

.  57  - 


cc::fidi::~i.-.i 

5  Sep.  1942 

60°  E,  and  west  of  63c  th  of  40°  S. 

Ship  "10"  is  further  ir.forr.ed  that  Japanese  consent  to  freedor.  of  op- 
eration en  route  to  the  Sunda  Strait  has  not  yet  been  received;  the 
date  of  dismissal  for  the  voyage  to  Japan  depends  on  the  receipt  of 
this  consent.   (See  Radiogram  0127.) 

I  .h".  HUE  IS  will  pass  through  quadrant  GZ  40  around  12  Sep.    -he 
?.l  Staff  plans  to  have  her  r.eet  ship  "20"  to  deliver  the  Japanese 
plane.   Since  the  submarine  task  force  "Eisbaer"  will  cross  the 
equator  east  of  15°  V.'  on  10  Sep.  on  her  voyage  to  the  Cape  area  and 
will  operete  there  after  25  Sep.,  the  plar.  of  ship  "26"  to  withdraw 
to  quadrant  HH  is  wise.   -he  cr;'  jir.al  plan  to  transfer  ship  "2f ■■"  to 
the  Indian  Ocean  nust  be  abandoned  at  present,  since  Jape: 

r.  the  zone  r>f  operations  there.   As  soon  as  the  Cape   operations  of 
task  force  "Eisbaer1*  are  terminated,  it  is  intended  to  transfer 
ship  "2B"  back  to  the  eastern  South  Atlantic,  until  an  adequate  zone 
of  operations  in  the  Indian  Ocean  can  be  established. 

Directives  to  this  effect  are  transmitted  to  ship  "20"  with  Radiogram 
1522. 

The  : ::.. ."  I  EPE  SCELISUAIffl  is  instructed  to  proceed  along  the  assigned 
latitude  (see  V.'ar  Diary  of  21  Aug.)  to  the  longitude  of  point  "Forelle", 
then  to  head  for  point  "Rose"  and  to  continue  on  route  "G-elb".   See 
Radiograr.  2C32. 

The  Haval  staff  plans  to  replace  the  auxiliary  supply  ship  PASSAT  by 
the  tar.her  BRAKE  and  to  have  the  latter  supply  ship  '23"  in  her  pres- 
ent zone  of  operations;  also  a  re       s  of  the  UCKEHUft.HK  vith  ship 
"26"  Is  planned  for  the  end  of  September.   All  ships  in  foreign 
waters  are  Lnforoied  by  the  yaval  Staff  by  Radiogram  1911  about  the 
plans  for  ships  "23",* "20",  and  "10". 

In  addition,  all  ships  in  foreign  waters  are  Instructed  about  the 
route  of  the  Japanese  diplcr      exchange  ship  from  Lourenco  liarques 
to  Liverpool.   11  I'll  is  scheouled  to  sail  on  5  Sep.  and  HAHKDNDA  on 
9  Sep.    The  ships  are  not  to  be  molested.  (See  Radiogram  0122.) 

gram  1156  informs  all  ships  in  foreign  waters  about  the  silencing 
of  the  ultra  long  wave  transmitter  between  14  Sep.  and  20  Oct.  on 
account  of  repairs.   ?      ran.  C533  deals  with  the  enemy  situation. 


II.   Situation  V.'est  Area 

1.    Enemy  Situation : 

Air  reconnaissance  over  the         part  of  the  Channel  re- 
vealed nothing  of  interest. 

According  to  an  i     liger.ee  report  from  Belgrade,  the  rebel  leader 

hailovich  received  radio  instructions  fron  London  to  stage  large- 
scale  revolts  between  15  and  25  Aug.   Hoe  the  sE.re  instructions  were 
issued  for  the  period  of  6  to  16  Sep.   This  repeated  directive  Is 
interesting  f~r  the  reason  that  the  enemy  landing  at  Dieppe  on  26  Aug. 
coincided  with  the   first  period,  so  that  a  connection  between  these 
events  appears  possible.   Thus  the  period  between  6  and  1£  Sep.  r:ay 
again  be  assumed  to  be  a  critical  one  for  the  West  Area. 


-56-  B"1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
5  Sep.  1942 

2.    Own  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast: 

At  1730  an  attempt  to  blow  up  the  St.  Assise  radio  station 
was  uncovered.   Explosive  charges  were  removed  from  two  of  the  main 
masts  of  the  500  KW  transmitter* 

Channel  Coast; 

During  the  night  of  4  Sep.  the  German  AFRICANA  convoy  was  un- 
successfully attacked  by  enemy  planes  between  Boulogne  and  Dunkirk.  At 
1030  Le  Havre  was  attacked  by  planes,  and  the  net  barrage  as  well  as  1 
harbor  patrol  vessel  were  damaged. 

In  count ermeasure  for  the  shelling  of  our  convoy  by  a  British  long- 
range  battery,  the  battery  St.  Margaret  at  Cliff  and  the  city  and 
harbor  of  Dover  were  shelled  on  4  Sep.  between  2210  and  2250  with  7 
38  cm  rounds  and  25  28  cm  rounds  by  the  batteries  Todt,  Grosser 
Kurfuerst,  702  and  1/725. 

The  mine-laying  operations  of  the  PT  boat  flotillas  were  cut  short 
owing  to  the  weather. 

With  regard  to  the  short  report  of  Group  West  concerning  the  seizure 
of  the  crew  of  the  Casquets  lighthouse  see  Telegram  1953.   The  light- 
house has  been  remanned  and  the  defenses  reinforced,  because  the  light 
is  essential  for  naval  warfare.   The  Group  emphasizes  the  value  of  the 
lighthouse  as  an  excellent  advance  observation  post,  as  proved  by  the 
Dieppe  lighthouse.   The  upkeep  is  insignificant,  compared  with  the  weak 
and  slow-moving  patrol  vessels  which  are  always  open  to  enemy  attack. 

For  the  supplementary  report  of  Group  V/est,  see  Telegram  2400. 

A  suspicious  3  master  was  halted  at  2030  by  one  of  our  fighter  planes 
north  of  Barfleur  and  badly  damaged.   Sinking  was  not  observed. 

Special  Items: 

a.  In  view  of  the  important  part  played  by  enemy  fighter  forces 
during  the  Dieppe  action,  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Group  West  suggested 
that  in  the  program  for  construction  of  harbor  defenses  as  part  of  the 
Westwall  fortifications  the  priority  of  sectors  2  and  3  be  interchanged. 

The  Naval  Staff  does  not  agree  with  this  proposal  and  insists  that  the 
order  of  priority  must  remain  as  established.   For  copy  of  the  Naval 
Staff's  extensive  comment  and  the  entire  exchange  of  telegrams  see  1/Skl 
I  op  1661/42  Gkdos.  Chefs,  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  X. 

b.  The  temporary  stay  at  Brest  of  the  former  Commanding  Admiral, 
Battleships,  Vice  Admiral  Ciliax  has  apparently  caused  rumors  to 
circulate  that  the  battleships  will  probably  return  there.   Group  '..'est 
points  out  that  this  is  an  opportunity  to  deceive  the  enemy  and  cause 
him  concern  and  requests  a  decision  or  directive  in  this  respect. 

The  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  agrees  with  the  Naval  Staff  that  nothing 
else  needs  to  be  done,  since  the  rumors  have  probably  already  ac- 
complished their  purpose.   Group  V/est  is  advised  to  this  effect  by 
telephone.   For  copy  see  l/Skl  1713/42  Gkdos.  Chefs,  in  War  Diary,  Part 
C,  Vol.  IIB. 


-0- 


8-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


5  Sep.  1942 


c.    Group  West  reports  additional  plans  for  mine-laying  opera- 
tion KA.   Cutter  floats  will  be  laid  in  the  following  area:   49°  58'N, 
00°  49.5'  Wj  50   01'  N,  00°  50.5'  W;  50°  05.5 'II.  00°  20*  W;  50°  03'  N, 
00°  19'  \1.      The  code  name  for  the  operation  is  "Finale".   4  boats  of 
the  2nd  Mine  Sv/eeper  Flotilla  will  carry  out  the  operation. 

The  laying  of  barrages  R  II  and  R  I  will  be  known  as  operations 
"Runenschrift"  and  "Ranke"  respectively. 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.  North  Seat 

During  the  night  of  4  Sep.  approximately  60  enemy  planes 
concentrated  their  attack  on  Bremen  and  wrought  heavy  damage  (see 
Telegram  0701).   Leaflets  were  dropped  in  the  Wilhelnishaven  area. 

Convoy  and  channel-sweeping  activities  in  the  area  of  the  Commanding 
Admiral,  Defenses,  North  had  to  be  curtailed  due  to  the  weather. 

2.  Norway : 

On  2  Sep.  the  enemy  fired  35  rounds  on  the  harbors  of  Pet- 
samo  and  Trifona  as  well  as  on  Rybachi  Peninsula  without  effect.   On 
2  and  4  Sep.  enemy  planes  were  active  over  the  arctic  coast.   Bombs 
caused  casualties  among  the  crew  of  subchaser  "1111"  off  Vardoe. 

Otherwise  nothing  to  report. 

3.  Arctic  Oceant 

Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  reported  5  steamers  on  a  course  of  45° 
south  of  Novaya  Zemlya  at  1630.   At  1218  a  convoy  was  observed 
assembling  in  the  Hval  Fjord.   10  to  12  steamers,  2  tankers,  1  battle- 
ship, 3  cruisers,  4  destroyers,  and  6  patrol  vessels  were  counted. 
At  the  same  time  1  aircraft  carrier,  2  destroyers,  1  passenger  liner 
of  20,000  GRT,  1  steamer  and  1  patrol  boat  v/ere  anchored  in  the  Reidar 
Fjord  (on  the  northeast  coast  of  Iceland). 

The  Air  Commander,  North  Sea  (West)  reports  that  his  forces  located 

and  reported  the  exact  positions  of  2,291  mines  between  the  Norwegian 

west  and  the  British  east  coast  and  Iceland  during  the  period  of  20 
Feb.  to  30  Aug. 

Own  Situation: 

Group  North  reports  having  instructed  the  Admiral,  Arctic 
Ocean  that  the  SCIIEER  is.  not  to  take  part  in  operation  "Doppelschlag", 
which  is  to  be  carried  out  by  the  HIPPER  alone,  at  the  earliest 
possible  date  in  accordance  with  previous  plans.   The  fleet  is  ordered 
to  Investigate  the  shipyard  situation  at  once  in  connection  with  the 
SCHEER'S  need  for  an  engine  overhaul. 


-60-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
5  Sep.  1942 

IV.   Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

During  the  night  of  4  Sep.  enemy  planes  from  the  east  carried  out 
nuisance  raids  and  attacks  on  Koenigsberg,  Lodz,  and  Warsaw.   Bombs 
were  dropped  at  sea,  off  kernel,  probably  aimed  at  a  convoy.   For  de- 
tails see  Telegrams  0715  and  0753. 

Nothing  of  importance  was  reported  from  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Ad- 
miral, Defenses,  Baltic  Sea.   A  Danish  mine  sweeper  swept  1  mine  in 
the  Little  Belt,  another  one  was  swept  by  a  harbor  patrol  vessel  west 
of  Fehmarn  Island  and  still  another  one  by  a  vessel  equipped  with 
towed  coil  gear  off  Swinemuende. 

In  the  area  of  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic  Sea,  the  barrages 
"Seeigel"  51,  32,  36,  37  were  laid  according  to  plan  during  the  night 
of  4  Sep.    The  Mine  Sweeper  M  "30"  had  an  encounter  with  enemy  PT 
boats  off  Vigrund. 

1  enemy  mine  sweeper  and  1  tow  barge  were  sunk  in  the  Kronstadt  Sea 
Channel  by  battery  Koenigsberg  and  an  anti-aircraft  battery. 

Mine-sweeping,  submarine  patrols,  and  convoy  operations  proceeded  ac- 
cording to  plan. 


V.    Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

No  news  of  any  importance  was  received  during  the  day.  A 
belated  report  of  28  Aug.  revealed  that  the  U.S.  submarine  "07"  was 
operating  in  the  Gulf  of  Maine  in  conjunction  with  surface  forces. 

According  to  a  British  official  announcement,  160  crew  members  died 
when  the  EAGLE  was  sunk. 

Press  reports  reveal  the  recent  sinking  by  submarines  in  the  North 
Atlantic  of  the  following  vessels:   HOIIENSDE  (?),  PENROSE,  SIRIS, 
NORTH  DEVON,  META,  SKEDGATE,  BENROFF,  HOLLYSIDE,  ALF,  and  the  Norwegian 
steamer  HAVSTEN. 

Radio  New  York  reports  an  announcement  of  the  Brazilian  Air  Ministry, 
according  to  which  Brazilian  planes  sank  a  number  of  enemy  sub- 
marines off  the  coast. 

2 .  Own  Situation : 

Submarine  U  "251"  of  the  Norwegian  group  explains  that  the 
report  of  mine  danger  in  quadrant  AT  6249  was  based  on  sighting  what 
could  be  buoys  or  mines  on  the  surface. 

Group  "Loss"  is  ordered  to  take  up  patrol  positions  in  the  North  At- 
lantic from  quadrant  AJ  8015  to  BC  2279. 

Submarine  U  "513"  sank  2  large  ore  ships  of  18,500  GRT  in  a  daylight 
attack  off  the  U.S.  coast  in  quadrant  BB  6376.  In  the  course  of  the 
attack  the  boat  was  rammed  and  has  now  withdrawn  for  repairs. 

Submarine  U  "171"  reports  from  the  West  Indies  sinking  a  12,000  ton 
tanker  of  the  CADILLAC  type  in  quadrant  DE  5165. 


-61-  B-1052 


C0I.TIDEI1TIAL 
5  Sep.  1942 

Submarine  U  "506"  of  the  South  Atlantic  group  probably  sank  a  6,000 
G-RT  steamer  out  of  a  snail  convoy  in  quadrant  FP  2938. 

Additional  reports  in  Supplement  to  Submarine  Situation,  War  Diary, 
Part  3,  Vol.  IV. 


VI.   Aerial  Warfare 

1 .  British  Isles  and  Vicinity : 

10  Spitfires  v/ere  shot  dov/n  during  the  day.   Localities  in 
southern  England  v/ere  raided  by  fighter  bombers;  results  were  ob- 
served in  some  cases. 

In  the  night  of  5  Sep.  pamphlets  v/ere  dropped  over  cities  in  southern 
England. 

2.  Incursions : 

During  the  night  of  5  Sep.  only  a  few  enemy  planes  flew 
over  the  coastal  areas  of  the  Baltic  and  the  Channel,  none  over  German 
territory. 

3.  Mediterranean  Theater: 

Our  planes  supported  the  Panzer  Army,  Africa  and  carried  out 
reconnaissance  in  the  Central  Mediterranean. 

4.  Eastern  Front; 

Over  the  various  Army  sectors  119  enemy  planes  were  brought 
down. 

Reconnaissance  activity  in  the  Black  Sea  and  the  Arctic  Ocean. 

The  harbor  of  Murmansk  was  raided;  results  were  observed.   8  enemy 
planes  v/ere  shot  dov/n  by  fighter  escorts  and  1  of  our  planes  was  lost. 


II.  Warfare  in  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1 .  Enemy  Situation : 

No  tiling  of  importance  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Tobruk  v/as  raided  by  enemy  planes  during  the  night  of  3  Sep. 
without  damage  to  harbor  installations . 

The  motor  ship  MONTI,  beached  at  Punta  Stilo,  v/as  unsuccessfully 
attacked  by  enemy  planes  during  the  night  of  4  Sep. 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa: 

The  Italian  steamer  ALBACHIARA  (1,244  GRT )  v/as  sunk  at  0135 
by  an  enemy  submarine  while  proceeding  in  convoy  from  Benghazi  to 
Tobruk. 

-62-  B"1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
5  Sep.  1942 

Otherwise,  the  transport  of  supplies  proceeded  according  to  plan  with- 
out major  incident. 

4.   Area  Naval  Group  South: 

Aegean  Sea: 

Nothing  to  report. 

Black  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation: 

Radio  monitoring  revealed  the  KHARKOV,  1  destroyer  and  a 
total  of  8  submarines  at  sea  in  the  eastern  part  of  the  Black  Sea.  Air 
reconnaissance  sighted  one  merchant  vessel  proceeding  south  in  the 
Tuapse  area. 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  based  on  statements  of  war  prisoners 
the  following  ships  of  the  Black  Sea  fleet  have  been  sunk: 

The  destroyers  FRUNSE,  BODRY,  BYITELNI ,  BYSTREI.',  NEZAMOSHNIK,  and 
SHAUMYAN;  the  gunboats  KRASNY,  PLMENIYA,  ARMENIPA,  besides  4  PT  boats, 

3  trawlers,  and  1  hospital  ship. 

Damaged:   the  cruisers  MOLOTOV  and  KRASNY  KAVKAS  and  the  destroyer 
SPOSOBNI,  all  by  bomb  hits,  and  the  destroyer  SOVERSHETTNY  by  a  mine. 

Own  Situation: 

The  1st  PT  Boat  Flotilla  under  the  command  of  Lt.  Christiansen 
sank  4  steamers  and  4  lighters  totalling  9,500  GRT  during  a  torpedo 
attack  south  of  Taman  Peninsula  in  the  night  of  4  Sep.   In  the  course 
of  this  action,  PT  boat   S  n27'*  sank,  probably  because  one  of  her  own 
torpedoes  was  a  circle  runner.   For  details  see  Telegram  1720. 

During  the  night  of  3  Sep.  relatively  little  personnel  and  materiel 
could  be  ferried  in  connection  with  operation  "Bluecher"  because  of 
bad  weather.   Taman  Peninsula  has  been  firmly  in  German  hands  since 

4  Sep.   Only  the  south  shore  is  still  held  by  the  enemy..   It  must  be 
assumed  that  enemy  forces  are  being  evacuated  by  means  of  small  craft 
and  the  1st  PT  Boat  Flotilla  has  been  given  orders  accordingly.  (See 
above. ) 

Total  amount  of  cargo  unloaded  in  August: 

At  Mariupol:         7,670  tons  in  413  voyages. 

In  the  Sea  of  Azov:  10,500  tons. 


VIII.  Situation  East  Asia 
Nothing  to  report. 


-63-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
5  Sep.  1942 

IX.   Army  Situation 

1.  Russian  Front: 

Amy  Group  A: 

The  offensive  against  Novorosslsk  was  carried  to  a  distance 
of  2  to  4  km  from  the  town.   Bitter  fighting  against  superior  enemy 
forces  is  in  progress  north  of  Tuapse.   Enemy  attacks  north  and  west 
of  Ilaisky  were  repulsed.   The  positions  south  of  I.Iozdok  are  held  by 
our  panzer  forces. 

Army  Group  B: 

The  offensive  against  Stalingrad  is  making  slow  but  steady 
progress.   A  strong  enemy  attack  against  the  northern  sector  succeeded 
temporarily.   By  throwing  in  all  of  our  reserves,  we  were  able  to  re- 
store the  situation.   Enemy  attacks  in  the  eastern  Don  River  bend  and 
west  of  Livny  were  repulsed. 

Central  Army  Group; 

All  enemy  attacks  at  the  Zhizdra  River  front  failed.   In  the 
Rzhev  area  the  enemy  offensive  strength  declined. 

Northern  Army  Group; 

Fresh  divisions  of  the  11th  Army  effectively  relieved  the 
situation  at  the  sector  between  Soltsy  and  Lake  Ladoga.   Renewed  enemy 
attacks  on  the  front  of  the  Police  Division  at  the  Leningrad  sector 
failed. 

2.  Finnish  Front; 

The  enemy  forces  which  had  landed  on  the  west  shore  of  Lake 
Ond  were  destroyed. 

3.  North  Africa: 
Nothing  to  report. 


-64-  B-1052 


y 


» 


CONFIDENTIAL 
6  Sep.  1942 

Items  of  Political  Importance 

Great  Britain  and  Russia: 

In  a  message  addressed  to  the  youth  of  Great  Britain,  Ambassador 
Mai sky  called  for  the  creation  of  a  second  front. 

Spain: 

The  new  Foreign  Minister  Jordanas  told  the  German  Ambassador  that 
Spain's  foreign  policy  will  continue  to  be  determined  by  the  principle 
of  non-belligerency  and  friendship  for  the  Axis.   He  has  ordered  the 
Spanish  press  to  remain  friendly  toward  Germany. 


Special  Items 

I.  The  Naval  Representative  at  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Opera- 
tions Staff  communicated  on  5  Sep.  as  follows: 

a.  The  Fuehrer  is  reserving  a  directive  for  the  execution  of 
operation  "Nordlicht"  until  after  another  conference  with  Field  Marshal 
von  Manstein  and  General  von  Richthofen. 

b.  Since  the  3rd  Mountain  Division  will  be  committed  for  opera- 
tion "Nordlicht",  operation  "Lachsfang"  is  cancelled  for  the  time 
being.   Thus,  the  date  for  operation  "Nordlicht"  now  depends  on  the 
restoration  of  the  situation  at  the  16th  Army  Corps,  on  the  alloca- 
tion of  the  necessary  forces  and  ammunition,  and  on  the  weather  condi- 
tions. 

The  Naval  Staff  informs  Group  North  accordingly. 

II.  The  causes  responsible  for  discontinuing  the  offensive  are  re- 
vealed by  a  report  of  the  High  Command,  Panzer  Army,  Africa,  dated  3 
Sep.   The  principal  reason  is  that  the  necessary  fuel  was  not  delivered 
as  requested  in  order  to  carry  out  the  operation  planned  in  the  defined 
area.   Out  of  the  amount  of  5,000  tons  announced  by  the  Italians  on  3 
Aug.,  2,600  tons  had  already  been  sunk  by  3  Sep.   With  the  steamers 
BIANCIII  and  SP0RTIV0  scheduled  to  arrive  at  Tobruk  on  3  Sep.,  the  fuel 
supply  of  the  Army  would  be  ensured  for  3  days  after  7  Sep.  at  the 
rate  of  100  kilometers  per  vehicle  per  day.   The  fuel  situation  of  the 
Italian  forces  is  still  much  worse. 

Apart  from  the  unsatisfactory  fuel  situation,  the  following  reasons 
make  it  necessary  to  call  off  the  offensive: 

a.  The  first  objective  which  should  have  been  attained  by  the 
morning  of  31  Aug.  in  an  area  40  to  50  km  east  of  the  starting  point 
was  reached  only  in  part  in  the  evening  of  31  Aug.  on  account  of  de- 
lays caused  by  minefields,  the  existence  of  which  was  not  known.   Thus 
the  element  of  surprise,  an  important  prerequisite  for  the  success  of 
the  operation  was  lacking. 

b.  Grave  losses  of  men  and  materiel  by  day  and  night  ever  since 
the  beginning  of  the  operation,  caused  by  enemy  air  raids. 

On  3  Sep.  the  Duce  took  note  of  the  decision  to  halt  the  offensive  and 
informed  the  Command,  Panzer  Army  that  everything  possible  will  continue 
to  oe  done  to  rush  the  transport  of  supplies,  so  that  the  army  will  be 

"65"  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


6  Sen.  1942 


in  a  position  to  repulse  a  potential  enemy  offensive  and  to  launch  a 
successful  counterattack. 

Marshal  Cavallero  attempted  on  4  Sep.  to  prove  to  the  German  General  at 
the  Italian  Amy  Headquarters  that  tactical  reasons  were  primarily  re- 
sponsible for  calling  off  the  offensive;  and  that  the  supply  situa- 
tion was  not  so  unfavorable  at  the  time  the  decision  was  taken,  since 
numerous  shiploads  of  fuel  were  still  en  route  then,  the  majority  of 
which  were  sunk  only  at  a  later  date. 

Ee  also  pointed  to  the  endangered  shipping  situation  which  demands  un- 
equivocally that  the  Alamein  position  be  held  under  all  circumstances; 
if  the  Royal  Air  Force  should  advance  further  westward,  transports  to 
Tobrul:  would  become  altogether  impossible.   In  order  to  keep  the  Panzer 
Army  in  combat  shape,  Malta  must  be  paralyzed  more  effectively,  since 
we  can  no  longer  hope  to  eliminate  the  enemy  air  forces  in  Egypt  in  the 
near  future. 

The  Malta  problem  is  at  present  so  urgent  that  the  Duce  has  requested 
Field  Marshal  Kesselring  to  come  to  Rome  for  a  conference  about  re- 
suming the  battle  against  the  island  on  a  larger  scale  and  increasing 
the  air  protection  of  shipping. 


Italy  see 


For  the  report  of  the  German  Naval  Command, 

War  Diary  of  5  Sep.   The  Naval  Staff  will  comment 

rately  on  this  problem. 


sepa- 


Situation  6  Sep.  1942 

I.    War  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.   Enemy  Situation: 

North  Atlantic ; 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Portugal,  the  U.S. 
is  still  trying  to  have  Brazil  occupy  the  Portuguese  Atlantic  islands. 
Agents  are  to  make  the  necessary  preparations,  beginning  with  the  Cape 
Verde  Islands. 

South  Atlantic: 


coal  supply 
enough  coal 
because  not 
Trinidad. 


directive  to  Allied  shipping  reveals  once  more  that  the 
is  meeting  with  difficulties;  ships  are  advised  to  load 
in  South  Africa  to 
more  than  300  tons 


last  for  the  entire  voyage  to  the  U.S. A, 
apiece  can  be  allotted  to  any  ship  at 


Indian  Ocean: 

An  agent  reports  that  the  U.S.  cruiser  JUNEAU,  escorting  a 
U.S.  convoy,  arrived  at  Colombo  and  sailed  one  week  later  as  escort 
of  another  convoy  for  Australia. 

It  is  belatedly  revealed  by  a  deciphered  radio  communication  of  the  Ad- 
miralty that  the  enemy  in  connection  with  the  capture  of  the  MADRONO 
is  aware  that  a  German  auxiliary  cruiser  is  operating  in  the  Indian 
Ocean.   The  ship  is  referred  to  as  auxiliary  cruiser  "E". 


-66- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
6  Sep.  1942 

2.    Own  Situation; 

On  5  Sep.  the  Japanese  Admiralty  expressed  agreement  through 
the  Naval  Liaison  Officer  to  the  operations  plan  for  a  German  auxiliary 
cruiser  in  the  Indian  Ocean  in  accordance  with  our  proposal.   Copy  of 
the  corresponding  note  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  I. 

Ship  "10"  receives  information  about  the  sailing  order  to  the  CHARLOTTE 
SCHLIEMANN  for  the  voyage  to  Japan  through  the  Indian  Ocean,   See 
Radiogram  1135. 

Ship  "28"  is  advised  by  the  Naval  Staff  to  meet  the  TANNENFELS  after 
12  Sep.  at  a  point  4°  further  south  and  7°  further  east  than  point 
"Utrecht"  and  to  take  aboard  the  Japanese  plane  and  half  of  the  avail- 
able supplies.   The  other  half  is  earmarked  for  ship  "28".   The 
TANNENFELS  is  unable  to  supply  fuel.   (See  Radiogram  2115.) 

Instructions  for  the  TANNENFELS  for  her  rendezvous  with  ship  "28"  are 
sent  by  Radiogram  2206. 

Information  about  the  enemy  situation  by  Radiogram  0622. 

The  German  Admiral  at  Tokyo  reports  on  5  Sep.  a  request  of  the  Japanese 
Navy  to  check  on  the  advisability  of  the  visit  by  auxiliary  cruiser 
"10  ,  in  view  of  the  very  critical  fuel  situation.   For  a  copy  of  the 
telegram,  which  apart  from  the  above  contains  what  the  German  Admiral 
at  Tokyo  believes  to  be  the  real  reasons  for  this  rather  odd  Japanese 
behavior,  see  1/Skl  21936/42  Gkdos. in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  I. 


II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

No  extraordinary  ship  movements  were  observed  in  the  Channel. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast: 

The  first  major  case  of  sabotage  is  reported  to  have  taken 
place  on  3  Sep.   The  Diesel  generator  of  the  submarine  pen  at  Brest  was 
damaged  by  an  explosion.   Two  attempts  were  made  to  blow  up  the  trans- 
former plants  in  the  shipyard  area,  but  were  only  partially  successful. 

Channel  Area: 

The  suspicious  sailing  vessel  damaged  off  Barfleur  on  5  Sep. 
by  gunfire  was  tov/ed  into  Cherbourg  and  turned  out  to  be  a  French 
fishing  vessel.   For  the  night  of  6  Sep.  a  mine-laying  mission  of  the 
5th  PT  Boat  Flotilla  and  mining  operation  "Runenschrift"  are  scheduled. 

An  enemy  long-range  battery  opened  fire  on  a  German  convoy  at  2155. 
In  turn  Army  Coastal  Battery  "702"  fired  on  the  enemy  batteries. 
Batteries  "Todt"  and  "Grosser  Kurfuerst"  fired  on  Dover. 


-67-  B-1052 


6  se?.  :; 

III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.  North  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation: 

Little  air  activity  over  the  Z-ernan  Bight  and  the  Shagerrak. 
According  to  photo  reconnaissance,  the  followln   :  _rs  were  at  Scar>a 
Flow  at  noon:   2  battleships  of  V  class,  1  battleship 

of  the  RODHEX  cr  ITIISC::  class,  a;     ltly  1  heavy  cruiser  of  the 
CVh-EIfLAPT  class,  3  light  cruisers,  1  destroyer  escort,  1  destroyer 
flotilla  leader,  and  4  destroyers . 

Own  Situation: 

Enemy  air  raids  by  small  forces  were  carried  out  on  the  steel 
and  nitrogen  plant  at  Ijnuiden  and  on  the  Y.'esernuende  area. 

Convoy  operations  according  to  plan.   '.line-sweeping  activities  curtail- 
ed by  bad  weather. 

2.  Norway : 

On  5  Sep.  at  0532  a  British  plane  with  Australian  crew  made 
a  forced  landing  within  range  of  the  Arctic  coast  after  being  fired  on 
by  the  subchaser  "1105"  at  Vardoe.   The  plane,  which  will  be  salvaged, 
carried  valuable  secret  intelligence  material.   For  this  reason  the 
incident  will  not  be  published. 

Enemy  planes  attacked  subchaser  "1103"  on  6  Sep.  off  Vardoe  without 
inflicting  any  damage. 

The  tugs  SEETEUFEL  and  TAIFUN  returned  with  their  tows  to  Kristiansand, 
South  due  to  bad  weather,  after  a  vain  attempt  to  leave. 

3.  Arctic  Ocean: 

Enemy  Situation: 

According  to  air  reconnaissance ,  the  following  ships  were  in 
B  inner  Reidar  Fjord  (Iceland)  at  1345;   2  aircraft  carriers,  1 
battleship,  5  cruisers,  and  9  destroyers.   An  additional  cruiser  was 
observed  arriving.   This  observation,  together  with  the  accumulation 
of  merchant  vessels  and  warships  seer,  on  5  Sep.  in  the  hval  Pjrrd, 
lead  to  the  assumption  that  a  convoy  "..ill  leave  soon,  ^'r.e   assumption 
is  confirmed  by  the  secret  radio  in:        s  salvaged  frcr.  the  Bri- 
tish plane  which  made  a  forced  landing  off  Vardoe.   According  to  a 
preliminary  r?—rt  of  the  5th  .'.in  Force,  this  plane  belongs  to  squadron 
455  which  was  transferred  to  the  Uurmansk  area  as  added  protection  for 
the  convoys  PQ  18  and  QP  14. 

As  further  established  by  the  5th   i:  P  .  ce,  the  papers  found  in  the 
salvage!  plane  contain  complete  radio  communication  instructions  for 
PQ  18  and  QP  14.   They  are  being  interpreted  at  Kirkenes,  and  the  in- 
formation will  be  passed  on  by  telegram. 

Own  Situation: 

e  5th  Destroyer  Flotilla  returned  to  Kirkenes  at  0300  due 
to  the  STElHBRHf CK * S  t        ground;  Z    of  the  destroyers  sailed  again 
at  2000  for  mining  operations  "Romanow"  and  "Zarewitsch"'. 


-68-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
6  Sep.  1942 

The  Admiral,  Arctic  Coast  reports  to  Group  North,  with  copy  to  the  Na- 
val Staff,  further  information  in  connection  with  the  loss  of  the 
mine-laying  vessel  ULM.   Among  other  findings  it  is  revealed  that  the 
ULM  first  hoisted  the  Panamanian  flag  as  ordered,  and  then  when  the 
enemy  opened  fire,  hoisted  the  German  war  flag.   She  then  fired  a  few 
10.5  cm  rounds  in  reply.   The  secret  documents  wore  destroyed.   It  can 
hardly  bo  expected  that  there  are  additional  survivors,  unless  some 
were  taken  prisoner  by  the  enemy,  which  is  doubtful.   For  details  see 
Telegram  1400. 

Group  North  suggests  how  the  report  about  scuttling  the  ship  should  be 
released;  the  enemy's  unfair  treatment  of  helpless  survivors  is  to  be 
emphasized.    (See  Telegram  1257.) 

The  Naval  Staff  will  first  examine  the  legal  aspects  of  this  question. 


IV.   Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

According  to  Danish  press  reports,  the  Swedish  steamer  VIROS  (190  GRT ) 
sank  on  3  Sep.  west  of  Ilirtshals  after  striking  a  mine.   Pishing 
steamers  are  reported  to  have  run  into  a  mine  field  off  Ilirtshals.   It 
seems  that  the  enemy  has  extended  his  mining  activities  recently  to 
the   Skagerrak . 

The  Finnish  steamer  BRITANNIC  (2,200  GRT)  sank  in  Aalborg  Bay  due  to 
striking  a  mine  while  sailing  in  a  prohibited  channel. 

Otherwise  nothing  of  importance  to  report  from  the  area  of  the  Command- 
ing Admiral,  Defenses,  Baltic  Sea. 

In  the  area  of  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic. Sea  the  minefields 
"Seeigel  53"  and  the  Onterjaervin  cutter  float  barrage  were  laid  ac- 
cording to  plan.   Mine-sweeping  activities  suffered  from  bad  weather. 

Transport  and  convoy  operations  proceeded  uneventfully. 


V.    Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

Very  lively  reconnaissance  activity  of  the  19th  Air  Group. 
A  submarine  attack  was  reported  50  miles  southwest  of  Aruba, 

2 .  Own  Situation : 

Submarine  U  "251"  of  the  Norwegian  group  was  assigned  an 
operation  zone  off  the  northern  tip  of  Novaya  Zemlya;  the  zone  of  op- 
erations of  submarine  U  "601"  ends  at  90°  E. 

In  the  North  Atlantic,  task  force  "Vorwaerts"  is  ordered  to  operate 
against  the  convoy  presumed  to  be  in  quadrant  AK  93.   The  "Loss"  group 
is  to  take  up  new  patrol  positions  between  quadrants  A J  8631  and  9736. 

No  reports  about  any  achievements  were  received  from  the  U.S.  East 
Coast. 

-69-  B-1052 


COMFIDEOTIAL 

6   Sep.    1; 

Submarine  0  "154"  sank  I  st .     of  2,0C.    i  in  quadrant  EC  in  the 
V.'est  Indies. 

Submarine  U  "107"  of  the  South  Atlantic  group  reports  4  unescorted 
stear.ers  on  a  southerly  course  off  Lisbon;  she  sank  2  of  then,  total- 
ling 0,500  G?l?,    on  3  Se  . 

Seven  s  ibnarinea  are  bei.nr;  combined  to  form  task  force  "litis";  they 
are  to  start  from  positions  between  quadrants  CF  7556  and  0654  on  9 
Sep.  at  2000  and  to  proceed  southward  at  the  rate  of  160  miles  a  day. 

Submarine  U  "109"  sank  the  steamer  1      STAR  (11,449  BRT)  in  quad- 
rant 77   1149 . 

The  South  Atlantic  group,  including  task  force  "Eisbaer",  receives 
permission  to  attack  as  far  south  as  5°  S. 

Additional  reports  in  Supplement  to  Submarine  Situation  in  Bar  Diary, 
Part  3,  Vol.  IV-. 


VI.   Aerial  V.'arfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity: 

During  the  day  reconnaissance  and  fighter  bomber  activity 
against  Dover  and  Aldershot. 

During  the  night  of  6  Sep.  several  localities,  among  them  Sunderland, 
were  raided. 

2.  Enemy  In  c  ur  s  i  or.  s  • 

130  out  of  100  planes  penetrated  into  western  German  terri- 
tory.  The  attacks  concentrated  on  Duisburg,  where  damage  was  fairly 
heavy.   For  details  see  daily  situation  report. 

3.  '. Mediterranean  Theater: 

Our  air  forces  supported  the  North  .-.frican  Panzer  Army. 

4.  Eastern  Front : 

The  Air  Force  General  Staff  reports  57  planes  shot  down. 
Reconnaissance  was  flown  over  the  Black  Sea  and  the  Arctic  Ocean. 


VII.  T/arfare  in  the  hedit  erranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1 .    Enemj  Situation,  Mediterranean : 

According  to  an  1  tel  1  \..ce  report,  the  battleship  RA&ILLIES 
which  left  Gibraltar  on  3  Sep.  took  aboard  1,000  infantrymen"  and  60 
machine  guns.   The  same  i     p  of  Canadian  and  Scotch  troops  was  dis- 
embarked there  by  a  transport  which  arrived  during  the  night  of  4  Sep. 
3  was  evidently  a  relief  operation. 


-70-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
6  Sep.  1942 

An  intelligence  report  from  Spain  contends  that  th«3  ships  which 
passed  the  Strait  of  Gibraltar  during  the  nights  of  30  Aug.  and  1  Sep. 
were  probably  landing  craft,  coastal  patrol  boats,  and  tugboats,  the 
arrival  of  which  at  Gibraltar  has  allegedly  been  established.   In  the 
evening  of  5  Sep.  another  20  snail  vessels  reportedly  entered  Gibral- 
tar" under  naval  flag,  among  them  the  corvette  K  "79",  2  tugs  and  12 
motor  launches. 

Nothing  to  report  about  the  enemy  situation  in  other  parts  of  the 
Mediterranean. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

During  the  aerial  attack  on  the  convoys  of  the  PADEN1IA  and 
the  BIANCHI  on  4  Sep.,  the  Italian  torpedo  boat  POLLUCE  was  also  sunk. 

As  a  result  of  an  enemy  air  raid  on  Tobruk  during  the  night  of  4  Sep. 

1  Italian  landing  barge  was  disabled. 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa; 

The  following  ships  have  been  added  to  the  disturbingly 
large  number  of  those  lost  so  far: 

a.  The  motor  ship  MANARA  was  torpedoed  by  an  enemy  plane  out 
of  a  convoy  south  of  Corfu  and  was  towed  to  Corfu. 

b.  The  steamer  PAOLINA,  damaged  on  27  Aug.  off  Cape  Bon  by 
striking  a  mine,  has.  sunk. 

The  steamer  ALBACHIARA,  sunk  on  5  Sep.,  carried  a  cargo  of  400  tons  of 
fuel  for  the  3  branches  of  the  German  Armed  Forces,  and  66  tons  of 
Army  materiel. 

2  Italian  hospital  ships  left  North  Africa  for  Italy  on  4  and  5  Sep. 
with  approximately  1,000  German  wounded  soldiers. 

4  mine  sweepers  sailed  from  Taranto  and  Brindisi  for  North  Africa 
during  the  night  of  5  Sep. 

Special  Items: 

On  30  Aug.,  the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  submitted  a  summary  and 
analysis  of  the  British  convoy  operation  in  the  Mediterranean  during 
the  period  of  10  to  15  Aug.  1942  with  2  maps  attached.   For  photo- 
stat, copy  no.  8,  see  l/Skl  2K995/42  Gkdos.  in  War  Diary,  Part  C, 
Vol.  XIV. 

The  Naval  Staff  does  not  fully  share  the  opinion  of  the  German  Naval 
Command,  Italy  with  regard  to  the  purpose  of  that  operation.   The  Na- 
val Staff  considers  it  altogether  plausible  that  the  supposed  opera- 
tion was  planned  exclusively  to  supply  Malta.   The  statements  ma'de  by 
the  surviving  crew  members  in  Tunis  would  support  this  assumption,  but 
the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  did  not  take  them  into  account.   Ac- 
cording to  these  statements,  the  convoy  consisted  of  not  more  than  12 
to  14  merchant  vessels.   This  matter  has  not  yet  been  clarified.  The 
importance  of  thus  supplying  Malta  by  five  large  vessels  has  since 
become  only  too  apparent  through  the  development  of  the  supply  situa- 
tion during  the  recent  weeks  and  its  dire  consequences  for  the  opera- 
tions of  the  North  African  Panzer  Army. 


-71-  8-1052 


CONFIDEimAL 
6  Sep.  1942 

4 .    Area  Naval  Group  South; 
Aegean  Sea; 

On  5  Sep.  the  enemy  launched  a  futile  aerial  attack  on  the 
stealer  PROSERPINA  at  Candia.   1  of  the  attacking  planes  was  shot^- 
down. 

Convoy  traffic  proceeded  uneventfully. 

Special  Item; 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Aegean  Sea  has  expressed  his  view  in  detail 
to  the  Bureau  of  Naval  Administration  about  the  question  of  reducing 
the  costs  for  the  occupation  of  Greece.   In  this  connection,  Group 
South  reiterates  that  the  major  portion  of  the  expenses  in  Greece 
charged  to  the  Navy  are  incurred  in  the  interest  of  all  branches  of 
the  Armed  Forces.   For  copy  of  his  telegram  see  l/Skl  2205C/42  Gkdos. 
in  Bar  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XIV. 

Black  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation; 

Air  reconnaissance  revealed  2  convoys  of  3  tankers  on  a 
southeasterly  course  west  of  Gagry,  1  convoy  and  a  floating  dock  in 
tow  southwest  of  Novorossisk,  1  tanker  sailing  from  Tuapse,  another 
tanker  off  Sukhum,  all  on  a  southeasterly  course. 

«> 

Own  Situation; 

A  mission  carried  out  by  4  Italian  subchasers  on  the  even- 
ing of  5  Sep.  in  the  area  of  Novorossisk  was  unsuccessful. 

In  view  of  the  offensive  towards  Novorossisk,  the  1st  ?T  Boat  Flo- 
tilla operated  close  to  shore  between  Tuapse  and  Sochi,  and  4  Italian 
subchasers  between  Novorossisk  and  Cape  Idukopas  during  the  night  of 
6  Sep.   No  report  about  any  achievements  was  received  thus  far. 

The  harbor  of  Anapa  is  protected  with  2  captured  4.7cm  guns,  one  2cm 
anti-aircraft  gun  and  8  Rumanian  7.5  cm  anti-tank  guns.   In  addition. 
we  captured  two  15  cm  and  two  10.2  cm  guns.   The  mine  situation  has 
not  yet  been  clarified. 

The  supply  service  between  Kerch  and  Taman  has  started  under  escort 
of  the  3rd  IJotor  Mine  Sweeper  Flotilla;  also  transports  to  Yeisk  have 
begun. 

The  suitability  of  Temryuk  as  transshipping  harbor  for  the  Kuban 
traffic  is  under  investigation. 

As  a  result  of  renewed  conferences  with  Army  Group  A,  the  maritime 
and  river  transport  from  Rostov  and  up  the  Don  River  has  been  made  a 
responsibility  of  the  Navy,  after  all.   The  Army  Engineers  Field 
'waterways  Detachment  has  been  subordinated  for  this  purpose  to  the 
harbor  command  of  Rostov. 


-72- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
6  Sep.  1942 

VIII.  Situation  East  Asia 

As  related  by  the  German  Admiral,  Tokyo,  the  Japanese  Naval 
Staff  reports  about  the  situation  in  the  Solomon  Islands  as  follows: 

Tulagi  and  Florida  are  in  American  hands.   Eeavy  fighting  in  progress 
on  Guadalcanal.   The  strength  of  the  U.S.  forces  is  estimated  at 
10,000  men  and  is  growing  through  reserves  brought  up  on  destroyers. 
The  Japanese  are  landing  army  units;  they  place  particular  importance 
on  this  action  and  consider  the  Solomon  Islands  the  key  position  for 
operations  against  Australia. 


IX.   Army  Situation : 

1.  Russian  Front; 

Army  Group  A: 

The  port  city  of  Novorossisk  was  captured  at  1830  by  German 
and  Rumanian  forces.   Otherwise  the  situation  on  the  Caucasian  front 
shows  no  important  changes. 

Army  Group  D: 

Some  of  our  formations  operating  against  Stalingrad  were 
reorganized.  Enemy  attempts  to  break  through  the  encirclement  to  the 
northwest  failed.  West  of  Serafimovich  the  enemy  succeeded  in  cross- 
ing the  Don  River  southward  and  to  push  in  the  left  v/ing  of  the 
Italian  Division. 

Central  Army  Group: 

East  of  Vyazma  the  enemy  attacked  from  a  southerly  direc- 
tion with  superior  forces  and  broke  into  our  positions.   The  penetra- 
tion was  sealed  off.   Counterattacks  are  in  progress.   There  was 
only  little  fighting  at  the  Rzhev  sector. 

Northern  Army  Group: 

All  enemy  attacks  undertaken  at  various  sectors  of  this 
group  were  repulsed. 

2.  Finnish  Front ; 

Scouting  activity  and  gun  fire  on  both  sides. 

3.  North  Africa: 

Normal  reconnaissance  and  artillery  activity  on  5  and  6  Sep. 
Less  enemy  air  activity.   Between  30  Aug.  and  5  Sep.  we  destroyed  or 
captured  a  total  of  124  enemy  tanks  and  armored  cars;  we  destroyed 
about  100  motor  vehicles,  10  guns,  and  22  anti-tank  guns,  and  took 
400  prisoners. 


-73-  B"1052 


COI^FIDENTIAL 
7   Sep.    i; 

I^e-.s   of  Political   Ir.Dortance 

■ 

Great  Britain: 

In  its  first  number  after  reappearing,  the  Pail?  Worker  demands  the 

dilate  opening  of  a  second  front,  closer  collaboration  with  the 
U.S.A.,  greater  assistance  to  the  Red  Amy,  and  the  resumption  of 
negotiations  with  India  regarding  the  creation  of  a  national  govern- 
ment. 

Spain: 

Accordir.r  to  press  reports  a  Spanish-Argentinian  trade  agreement  was 
signed  on  5  Sep.   It  was  agreed  that  Argentina  will  deliver  1  million 
tons  of  wheat  and  3,500  tons  of  tobacco  which  will  be  paid  by  Spain 
vith  the  construction  of  2  new  9,000  GRT  merchant  vessels  and  1 

...  TIS  type   destroyer.      Spain  also  undertakes   to  deliver  30,000  tons 
of  steel. 

..r  ~  :-.-.Ti.-.a  : 

The  deliberations  of  the  Foreign  Affairs  Committee  of  the  Chamber  of 
Deputies  concerning  the  break  of  relations  with  the  Axis  Powers  con- 
tinue.  The  Government  is  trying  to  prevent  a  final  report. 

Chile: 

A  secret  Senate  vote  referring  to  the  question  of  breaking  diplomatic 
relations  with  the  Axis  Powers  is  slated  for  9  Sep.   It  may  bring  an 
anti-German  majority, 

Japan: 


The  press  emphasizes  strongly  that  there  will  be  no  change  in  the  re- 
lations with  Russia  in  the  near  future. 

Hungary : 

~.:rs  of  an  alleged  change  of  the  Vienna  decision  are  officially  - 
denied. 


Special  Items: 

I.  In  a  discussion  between  the  Chief  of  Staff  of  the  Naval  Staff  and 
Admiral  Nomura^  the  basic  problems  of  German  and  Japanese  strategy 
were  clearly  outlined. 

For  a  transcript  of  the  conversation  see  1/Skl  lb  176e/4£  Gkdos.  Chefs 
in  Y/ar  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XV. 

II.  In  connection  with  the  transfer  home  of  the  cruiser  SGHEER,  Group 
North  reported  its  plan  to  provide  4  torpedo  boats  as  escort,  namely 
the  T  "9"  and  T  "±2",  which  are  at  this  moment  in  Trondheim  engaged  in 
open  water  torpedo  firing,  and  the  T  "15"  ana  T  "17"  which  are  at  the 
disposal  of  the  torpedo  school  for  submarine  and  torpedo  training. 

The  Naval  Staff  informed  Group  North,  with  copy  to  the  Fleet  and  the 
Commander,  Destroyers,  that  further  delays  and  reduction  of  submarine 
and  torpedo  training  cannot  be  tolerated.  The  torpedo  boats  T  n15n  and 


-74- 


5-  : : : : 


C0NFIDL3TTIAL 
7  Sep.  1942 

T  "17"  can  therefore  be  released  for  the  intended  purpose  only  if  the 
operation  occurs  between  training  periods  and  the  ships  are  not  in 
need  of  overhaul  at  that  time. 

III.  The  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  utilizes  the  discussion  about 
developing  an  anti-destroyer  missile  to  state  his  fundamental  views  on 
cooperation  of  naval  ordnance  with  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines. 

The  Submarine  Division  of  the  Naval  Staff  will  attend  to  the  matter. 
For  copy  no.  4  see  1/Skl  1743/42  Gkdos.  Chefs,  in  V/ar  Diary,  Part  C, 
Vol.  IV. 

IV.  A  review  of  the  dock  facilities  for  large  warships  in  the  U.S. 
and  U.S.  overseas  possessions  is  contained  in  report  no.  41/4.2  of  the 
Naval  Intelligence  Division,  Foreign  Navies  Branch. 

For  a  press  report  about  the  expansion  of  the  U.S.  cruiser  fleet  see 
appendix  to  report  no.  209  of  the  Naval  Intelligence  Division,  Foreign 
Press  Branch. 

The  Chief,  Naval  Staff  is  on  an  inspection  tour  in  the  Crimea  and  will 
return  on  10  Sep. 


Situation  7  Sep.  1942 

I.   War  in  Foreign  Waters 

1 .   Enemy  Situation : 

The  German  Armistice  Commission,  France  submits  the  evalua- 
tion of  French  reconnaissance  on  the  West  African  coast  during  the  first 
half  of  1942,  as  received  from  the  French  in  the  course  of  the  regular 
exchange  of  information: 

a.  Freetown  is  the  main  control  and  assembly  port  (le  grand 
regulateur)  for  convoys  sailing  from  the  British  Isles  to  India  via  the 
Cape.   On  the  average  30  to  40  merchant  vessels  are  in  the  harbors;  the 
number  increases  to  over  100  when  several  convoys  are  in  port  at  the 
same  time. 

b.  Convoys  from  the  British  Isles  to  the  Cape  apparently  run  be- 
tween 19°  and  23°  W  on  a  southerly  courso  and  pass  on  either  side  of 
the  Cape  Verde  Islands.   The  ships  head  for  Freetown  at  a  great  dis- 
tance from  the  French  West  African  coast. 

c.  Convoy  escorts: 

(1)  For  fast  convoys  and  troop  transports:   1  slow  battle- 
ship or  aircraft  carrier  or  2  large  cruisers,  in  each  case  supported  by 
5  to  6  destroyers  or  corvettes. 

(2)  For  slow  convoys  consisting  of  freighters:   As  a  rule, 

1  cruiser  with  several  destroyers  or  corvettes,  sometimes  destroyers  or 
corvettes  alone. 

(3)  For  convoys  formed  at  Freetown  from  single  ships:  several 
corvettes. 

d.  Tankers  arrive  and  depart  singly.  They  most  likely  come  from 
either  Curacao  or  Trinidad. 

B-1052 

-75- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


7  Sep.  1942 

(e)   Convoys  remain  at  Freetown  from  4  to  0  days  to  replenish 
supplies  of  water,  food,  and  fuel. 

2.    Own  Situation: 


"10 


»> . 


At  2038  the  following  short  signal  was  received  fron  ship 


"Owing  to  present  poor  prospects  in  present  zone  of  operations  request 
dismissal  to  Japan  as  soon  as  possible." 

Receipt  is  confirmed  by  the  Naval  Staff  with  Radiogram  2154. 

Ship  "28"  is  instructed  to  leave  the  Japanese  plane  on  board  the 
TAKNENFELS  to  be  picked  up  by  ship  "23",  if  it" is  smaller  and  lighter 
than  an  Arado  plane,  because  ship  "23"  is  having  difficulties  with  the 
Arado  on  account  of  its  weight  and  size.   Ship  "23n  is  likewise  in- 
formed. At  the  moment,  4  reserve  Arado  planes  are  on  3  different 
vessels,  all  ready  for  sailing.   (See  Radiogram  2312.)   Both  ships  are 
directed  with  Radiogram  0523  to  remove  the  rubber  gasket  of  the  pistol 
connection  of  the  torpedo  warheads,  in  order  to  fasten  the  pistol  more 
securely. 

The  German  Admiral,  Tokyo  reports  that  no  answer  has  yet  been  received 
from  the  Japanese  Admiral  Staff  to  the  inquiry  about  the  operation  of 
a  German  auxiliary  cruiser  in  the  South  Pacific,  in  spite  of  repeated 
reminders.   The  interpreter  hinted  that  the  Japanese  do  not  desire 
German  ships  to  penetrate  into  Japan's  real  zone  of  operations.   The 
German  Admiral  proposes  that  this  question  be  resumed  when  ship  "10" 
is  in  Yokohama. 

Information  about  the  enemy  situation  is  sent  by  Radiogram  1554. 


II.   Situation  Vi'est  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

According  to  the  report  of  Group  West,  no  clues  as  to  poten- 
tial landing  operations  can  be  deduced  from  the  enemy's  mining  acti- 
vities during  August. 

Air  reconnaissance  observed  mine-sweeping  operations  between  Dungeness 
and  Dover  and  also  off  Hastings. 

2.  Own  Situation:  » 
Atlantic  Coast; 

The  IVESERLAND  is  scheduled  to  depart  on  8  Sep. 

Channel  Coast ; 

Due  to  weather  conditions,  the  mine-laying  mission  of  the 
5th  PT  Boat  Flotilla  scheduled  for  the  night  of  6  Sep.  was  cancelled. 
During  the  same  night  mine-laying  operation  "Runenschrift"  was  carried 
out  according  to  plan.   Operation  "Ranke"  is  planned  for  the  night  of 
7  Sep.   In  addition,  mine-laying  operations  by  6  boats  of  the  5th  PT 
Boat  Flotilla  off  the  southern  coast  and  torpedo  operations  by  14  boats 

-76- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
7  Sep.  1942 

of  the  2nd,  4th,  and  6th  PT  Boat  Flotillas  off  the  southeastern  coast 
are  planned  for  the  night  of  7  Sep. 

The  Armed  Forces  High  Command  reports  by  telephone  that  the  Fuehrer 
agrees  to  remanning  the  raided  Casquets  station,  if  certain  conditions 
are  observed. 

The  Fuehrer  requests  an  immediate  thorough  investigation  and  report 
about  the  following: 

a.  Which  local  commander  was  responsible  for  the  defense. 

b.  Whether  any  of  the  responsible  authorities  can  be  assumed  to 
be  guilty. 

c.  What  orders  had  been  issued  to  the  garrison  of  the  base. 

d.  What  defense  facilities  are  available  (details  and  photos  to 
be  submitted). 

The  Fuehrer  orders  that  anyone  responsible  for  faulty  defenses  should 
be  called  to  account. 

A  corresponding  directive  is  issued  to  Group  West  and  the  Admiral, 
French  Coast,  with  copy  to  the  Naval  Representative  at  the  Armed  Forces 
High  Command,  Operations  Staff;  it  orders  Group  West  to  clarify  the 
matter  of  responsibility  and  to  answer  the  different  questions  for 
which  the  Admiral,  French  Coast  will  furnish  the  required  data  immedi- 
ately.  The  report  is  to  be  transmitted  to  the  Naval  Staff  by  courier. 

According  to  an  additional  report  of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  the 
Fuehrer  asked  for  further  information  about  the  following  points > 

a.  Was  the  Naval  Shore  Commander,  Normandy  aware  of  the  order 
that  small  advanced  bases  must  be  adequately  protected  against  surprise 
attacks  in  proportion  to  the  danger  to  which  they  are  exposed? 

b.  Were  all  precautions  taken  in  this  particular  case?  If  so, 
what  were  they? 

c.  How  was  it  possible  that  the  base  was  raided  nevertheless? 

d.  Was  the  divisional  commander  responsible  for  the  defense 
sector  of  the  Naval  Shore  Commander,   Normandy  informed  of  the  fact 
that  the  island  was  garrisoned? 

These  questions  are  also  transmitted  to  Group  West  and  the  Admiral, 
French  Coast  for  answering. 

It  seems  that  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command  is  under  a 
wrong  impression  about  the  importance  of  that  small  ad- 
vanced post. 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.    North  Sea: 

Enemy  Situation: 
Nothing  to  report. 


8-1052 
-77- 


confidential 

7  Sep.  1942 

Ov.'n  Situation: 

Enemy  air  reconnaissance  ranged  over  the  entire  Serman 
3ight  during  the  night  of  6  Sep,    4  boribs  were  dropped  on  Emden. 

5  enemy  courier  planes  crossed  the  Skagerrak  from  Sweden  to  England. 
Strong  enemy  air  forces  flew  across  the  area  of  the  Admiral,  Nether- 
lands.  Aerial  nines  are  suspected  in  qtiadrants  AN  9506  and  AK  9593.  4 
ground  mines  were  swept  in  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses, 
North. 

Around  noon,  15  U.S.  Boeing  type  bombers  and  several  Spitfires  raided 
Rotterdam,  dropping  10  bombs.   The  shipyard  escaped  damage. 

It  is  belatedly  reported  with  reference  to  the  raid  on  5  Sep.  upon  the 
blast  furnaces  at  Ijmuiden  that  a  half  month's  production  of  steel 
will  be  lost  due  to  the  destruction  of  2  Siemens-Martin  furnaces. 

2.  Nor way; 

A  Russian  battery  of  the  Rybacni  Peninsula  fired  unsuccess- 
fully on  a  cutter  and  a  Finnish  passenger  vessel  enterxng  Petsamo.  On 

6  Sep.  a  submarine  chaser  group  off  Vardoe  was  attacked  by  2  enemy 
planes  with  resulting  slight  damages  and  losses  of  personnel.   Another 
air  attack  off  the  Sylte  Fjord  on  a  westbound  convoy  was  unsuccessful. 

The  Commanding  Admiral.  Norway  requests  the  permission  to  lay  an  addi- 
tional mine  field  in  the  I,:alangen  Fjord,  because  the  Norwegian  inertia 
contact  mines  laid  in  January  1942  seem  to  be  no  longer  active,  ac- 
cording to  observations.   (See  Telegram  1930.) 

3.  Arctic  Ocean: 

Enemy  Situation: 

According  to  a  decoded  radio  message,-  the  95th  .Naval  Air 
Force  Regiment  received  the  following  instructions  from  the  Chief  of 
Naval  Air  Forces,  Russian  Arctic  Fleet: 

For  the  protection  of  convoys  PQ  18  and  QP  14,  I  herewith  order: 

The  operation  for  the  protection  of  convoys  PQ  1C  and  QP  14  is  to  be 
divided  into  5  stages  corresponding  to  their  routes. 

1st  ,stage:    Voyage  of  convoy  PQ  18  from  Iceland  to  10°  (probably  E) 
from  10  to  12  Sep.  1942. 

2nd  stage:    Voyage  of  PQ  18  from  10°  to.  25°  E.  Departure  of  convoy 
QP  14  from  (Polyarnoye  ?).   Approximate  duration  from 
10  to  12  Sep.  1942. 

3rd  stage:    Voyage  of  PQ  18  between  25°  and  41°  E,  of  QP  14  after 

reaching  point  146  and  unknown  point  361.   Approximate 
duration  from  12  to  14  Sep.  1942. 

4th  stage:    Voyage  of  PQ  18  and  QP  14  off  Novaya  Zemlya.   Approximate 
duration  from  14  to  16  Sep.  1942. 

5th  stage:    Voyage  of  PQ  18  from  unknown  point  146  to  unknown  point 

148,  of  QP  14  from  Novaya  Zemlya  in  the  direction  of  Ice- 
land.  Approximate  duration  from  16  to  20  Sep. 


-78- 


6-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
7  Sep.  1942 

According  to  another  decoded  radio  directive  of  2058,  air  force  units 
are  being  transferred  to  the  air  force  station  at  Ponoi  on  the  east 
coast  of  the  Kola  Peninsula  and  placed  under  the  operational  command 
of  the  95th  Air  Force  Regiment.   The  command  of  the  latter  was  to 
transfer  on  7  Sep.  from  the  Vayenga  air  force  station  with  the  forces 
assigned  to  him  and  be  ready  to  operate  from  Ponoi. 

Around  midnight  the  9th  Air  Force  Regiment  received  the  following  op- 
erations order  dated  5  Sep.  from  the  staff  of  the  naval  air  forces  of 
the  Arctic  Fleet: 

a.  The  TIRPITZ  and  the  SCIEEER  are  at  unidentified  locations  in 
quadrants  835  and  873;  the  HIFPER  is  in  quadrant  340  and  (presumably 
German  destroyers)  are  in  374.   Their  bases  are  at  637  in  western  Nor- 
way; they  cruise  periodically  in  145,  thus  threatening  Allied  convoys. 

b.  Naval  air  forces  of  the  Arctic  Fleet  with,  other  assigned  air 
units,  including  the  air  forces  of  the  14th  Army  and  the  122nd  and 
104th  Air  Divisions  will  protect  the  voyage  of  convoys  PQ  18  and  QP  14, 
both  of  them  simultaneously  while  PQ  18  is  proceeding  from  Novaya  Zem- 
lya  to  389. 

Air  reconnaissance  located  the  following  ships  in  the  Seydis  Fjord  at 
1020:   Aircraft  carrier  ARGUS,  1  light  DIDO  class  cruiser,  2  cruisers, 
apparently  U.S.  S0MERS  class,  2  destroyers  of  the  V  and  W  classes,  1 
KJ  class  destroyer,  6  additional  destroyers,  1  tanker,  1  steamer. 

Own  Situation: 

On  the  basis  of  information  found  in  the  enemy  plane  after 
its  forced  landing  on  6  Sep.,  Group  North  intends  to  have  the  HIPPER 
and  the  KOELN  and  5  destroyers  stand  by  for  an  operation  against  con- 
voy QP  14  from  the  Alta  Fjord;  from  what  has  been  learned  so  far,  QP 
14  will  sail  approximately  2  days  later  than  PQ  18.   The  planned  min- 
ing operations  in  the  Pechora  Sea  are  postponed  for  the  time  being. 
The  Commanding  Admiral,  Group  North  inquired  from  the  Chief  of  Staff, 
Naval  Staff  by  telephone  whether  he  may  count  on  receiving  permission 
to  use  the  TIRPITZ  for  the  same  operation  as  the  HIPPER  and  KOELN. 
The  Chief  of  Staff,  Naval  Staff  replied  in  the  negative.   The  NIPPER 
and  KOELN  can  be  committed  only  outside  the  range  of  the  probable 
escort  forces  of  PQ  18.   In  this  case  the  TIRPITZ  is  not  needed.  Should 
it  seen  necessary  to  commit  the  TIRPITZ,  however,  in  case  it  appears 
that  strong  escort  forces  will  be  encountered,  we  must  reconsider  the 
entire  question  of  committing  our  naval  forces  against  PQ  18  as  again- 
st previous  convoys. 

The  Naval  Staff  informs  the  Naval  Representative  at  the  Armed  Forces 
High  Command,  the  Permanent  Representative  of  the  Commander  in  Chief, 
Navy  at  the  Fuehrer  Headquarters,  and  the  Naval  Representative  at  the 
Air  Force  Operations  Staff  about  the  plans  of  Group  North. 

Due  to  the  altered  enemy  situation,  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  has  made 
it  the  main  task  of  the  submarines  to  intercept  the  convoys.   The  mine 
operations  "Romanow"  and  "Zarewitsch"  are  to  be  carried  out  according 
to  plan  by  3  destroyers  of  the  5th  Destroyer  Flotilla. 

Group  North  ordered  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  to  postpone  execution  of 
operation  "Doppelschlag"  until  it  is  clear  when  convoys  PQ  18  and  QP 
14  will  depart;  to  hold  the  available  submarines  in  readiness  to  oper-, 
ate  against  the  convoys,  cancelling  any  mining  missions  previously 
planned;  and  finally,  to  dispatch  the  HIPPER  and  the  KOELN  under  escort 
of  4  destroyers  against  convoy  QP  14.   The  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  has 


-79-  B-105  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 
7  Sep.  1942 

operational  command,  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Cruisers  tactical  command. 
For  this  purpose,  the  task  force  will  transfer  to  Alta  Fjord;  the 
TIRPITZ  and  1  or  2  destroyers  will  be  held  in  reserve  in  the  Bogen  Bay. 
The  SCIIEER  is  to  be  transferred  soon  as  far  as  Trondheim. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  .Cruisers  had  hoisted  his  flag  on  the  TIRPITZ 
as  ordered,  even  before  this  directive  became  effective. 


IV.   Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

Nothing  to  report  from  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  De- 
fenses, Baltic  Sea, 

Concerning  the  reinforcement  of  Denmark's  coastal  defenses,  the  Naval 
Staff  reports  to  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Operations  Staff  that 
a  wrong  impression  was  given,  since  additional  coastal  batteries  cannot 
at  this  time  be  made  available.   The  Naval  Shore  Commander,  Denmark 
has  made  a  request  to  the  Commanding  General,  Armed  Forces,  Denmark 
pertaining  to  the  construction  of  hedgehog  defenses  at  the  bases  of 
Frederikshavn  and  Skagen  against  attacks  from  land.   (See  V/ar  Diary  of 
27  Aug.) 

In  the  area  of  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic  Sea  minefield 
"Nashorn  13"  v/as  laid  according  to  plan.   Mine-sweeping  operations 
were  curtailed  in  part  by  bad  weather. 

Special  Item: 

Due  to  erroneous  information  about  the  number  of  German  torpedo  mines 
type  B  used  in  the  minefield  off  V/indau,  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers, 
North  " 


m: 

vessels  ran  into  the  minefield.   The  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic 
Sea  reported  on  3  Jul.  in  reply  to  an  inquiry  of  the  Naval  Staff  that 
the  wrong  figure  had  been  given  to  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  North 
Sea  by  the  task  force  commander  at  that  time.   The  Naval  Staff  re- 
quests Group  North  for  its  comment,  in  order  to  be  able  to  submit  the 
matter  to  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  for  a  decision  regarding  fur- 
ther action.   For  copy  see  1/Skl  I  E  21704/42  Gkdos.  in  V/ar  Diary, 
Part  C,  Vol.  VI. 


V.    Merchant  Shipping 

Short  report  no.  29/42  of  the  Naval  Intelligence  Division, 
Foreign  Merchant  Marine  Branch  contains  information  about  ore  ship- 
ments from  Lulea,  about  the  markings  of  the  Spanish  ships  chartered 
by  Switzerland,  about  the  ships  lying  in  the  harbor  of  Gibraltar  and 
the  harbor  traffic  of  Gibraltar  during  the  latter  half  of  August,  and 
about  the  British  emergency  measures  for  the  relief  of  congestion  at 
South  African  ports. 


B-1052 


-00- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
7   Sep.    1C42 

VI.      Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  over  the  souther]]  rendezvous  area  was 
lively.   3  messages  about  the  sighting  of  submarines  and  one  report 
about  an  attack  on  a  submarine  wore  intercepted. 

From  the  American  coast  one  report  of  a  submarine  attack  in  the  St. 
Lawrence  River  and  one  about  sighting  a  submarine  in  tho  Gulf  of  St. 
Lawrence  were  intercepted.   A  special  radio  message  warned  of  mines 
in  an  area  off  Cane  Ilatteras.   A  message  about  sighting  a  submarine  off 
the  Brazilian  coast  south  of  3ahia  does  not  refer  to  German  submarines. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

The  non-attack  order  on  route  "Anton"  for  the  area  north  of 
20°  II  was  reinstated  as  of  0  Sep.  at  0000,  in  view  of  the  resumption 
of  blockade  running  operations. 

4  new  submarines,  newly  arrived  from  home  in  the  Atlantic,  are  ordered 
to  approach  quadrant  AJ  83  via  AK  65. 

A  remarkable  success  was  achieved  in  the  St.  Lawrence  River  by  sub- 
marine U  "165".   She  observed  2  hits  each  on  3  steamers  of  a  convoy; 
the  steamers  may  be  considered  sunk.   In  the  Gulf  of  St.  Lawrence,  sub- 
marine U  "517'*  torpedoed  3  steamers;  according  to  radio  intercept 
service  they  were  probably  sunk,  too. 

The  submarines  of  the  South  Atlantic  group  located  a  convoy  on  a 
northerly  course  in  quadrant  CF  6192.   During  a  daylight  attack  on  a 
cruiser  escorting  this  convoy,  submarine  U  "333"  was  forced  to  sub- 
merge and  assumes  the  cruiser  to  be  a  decoy  working  with  a  subchaser 
group . 

The  position  of  "Kirschbluete"  at  0200  was  0°,  20°  W. 

The  Second  Admiral,  Submarines  belatedly  reports  the  sinking  on  2  Sep. 
of  submarine  U  "222";  this  took  place  in  the  course  of  maneuvers  of 
the  27th  Submarine  Flotilla  and  followed  a  collision  with,  submarine 
U  "626".   Only  the  captain,  1  ordnance  officer  and  one  petty  officer 
were  rescued. 

Additional  news  in  V/ar  Diary,  Part  B,  Vol.  IV. 


VII.  Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity: 

Throughout  the  day  nothing  of  importance  happened.  During 
the  night  of  7  Sep.  Bedford  was  raided;  alternate  targets  were  Great 
Yarmouth,  Cambridge  and  Ipswich. 

2.  Enemy  Incursions; 

5  of 'the  00  enemy  incursions  reported  during  the  night  of  7 
Sep.  penetrated  into  German  territory.   For  details  see  Situation, 
North  Sea. 


-81- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
7  Sep.  1942 

3.  "edit  srr:.nean  Theater: 

Support  of  the  operations  of  the  Panzer  Array. 

4.  Eastern  Front: 

In  1,000  sorties  at  the  various  amy  fronts  87  enemy  planes 
were  shot  down  by  fighter  planes,  24  by  anti-aircraft  artillery;  we 
lost  3  planes.   Reconnaissance  activity  over  the  Black  Sea,  the  Cas- 
pian Sea  and  the  Arctic  Ocean. 


III.  Warfare  in  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1.    Enemy  Situation,  I.'editerranean: 

According  to  a  report  fron  the  Naval  Attache  at  Rone 
originating  in  diplomatic  circles  there,  information  has  leaked  out 
from  the. British  Admiralty  that  a  convoy  is  being  assembled  to  supply 
:.:aita  with  fuel;  the  British  are  determined  to  bring  the  convoy  through 
regardless  of  the  price. 

llothlllg  new  was  learned  about  the  enemy  situation  in  the  entire  I.'edi- 
terranean nrea. 

2.  Own  Situation,  Mediterranean:  ' 

2  Italian  PT  boats  were  in  waiting  position  off  Capo  Bon  in 
the  evening. 

2  German  PT  boats  are  under  way  from  Suda  to  Navarino,  a  third  one 
fro:.;  Augusta  to  Naples, 

4t  2030  the  Italian  shore  between  Cape  dell' Ami  and  Cape  Spartivento 
was  under  gunfire  from  enemy  submarines;  no  major  damage  was  reported. 

2   German  llaval  Command,  Italy  transmits  an  account  of  German  suc- 
cesses and  losses  in  the  period  of  30  Aug.  to  5  Sep.  and  information 
aboi:t  the  numerical  strength  of  the  units  of  the  Panzer  Army,  Africa 
as  of  5  Sep.;  this  was  contained  In  the  daily  situation  report  of  the 
Panzer  Amy,  Africa  of  6  Sep.  (See  Telegram  1950.) 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa: 

The  convoy  consisting  of  the  motor  ships  RAVELL0,  MANARA, 
SESTRIERE,  and  ANKARA  was  attacked  by  15  enemy  planes  on  the  after- 
noon of  6  Sep.  en  route  from  Benghazi.   The  MANARA  was  hit  by  a  tor- 
pedo and  had  to  be  beached  on  the  coast  of  Corfu. 

4.  Area  llaval  Group  South: 
Aegean  Sea: 

Nothing  to  report. 

Black  Sea: 

Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  reports  that  the  floating  dock  sighted  on 

"G2~  8-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


7   Sep.    1942 


6  Sep.  passed  southeast  of  Tuapse  In  the  forenoon.   10  PT  boats,  5 
patrol  vessels,  1  small  steamer  and  about  50  small  vessels  were  ob- 
served at  Gelendzhik. 

According  to  radio  monitoring,  the  cruiser  KRASNY  KRIM  and  the  flotilla 
leader  KHARKOV  were  off  the  central  and  southern  parts  of  the  east 
coast,  1  destroyer  and  an  unidentified  ship  were  west  of  Tuapse  in  the 
forenoon,  and  2  submarines  were  in  an  unidentified  position  at  sea. 

Own  Situation; 

During  the  night  of  5  Sep.  Italian  subchasers  torpedoed  a 
steamer  lying  10  miles  southwest  of  Anapa.   It  is  possible  that  this  is 
the  damaged  grounded  steamer  already  reported  by  the  Air  Force. 

Mine-searching  and  sweeping  operations  proceeded  according  to  plan.  In 
the  harbor  of  Mariupol  one  mine  was  swept  by  a  mine-sweeping  plane. 

2  Rumanian  destroyers  escorted  the  tankers  ALBARO  and  CELENO.   Trans- 
port and  convoy  service  on  schedule. 

A  large  portion  of  the  town  of  Anapa  has  been  destroyed  by  bombs  and 
has  been  evacuated  almost  completely,  A  damaged  stone  pier  and  a  20 
ton  crane  can  be  repaired. 


IX.   Situation  East  Asia 
Nothing  to  report. 


X.   Army  Situation 

1.    Russian  Front: 

Army  Group  A; 

The  ferrying  of  the  3rd  Rumanian  Mountain  Division  to  the 
Taman  Peninsula  is  progressing  according  to  plan.   German  forces  are 
mopping  up  town  and  outskirts  of  Novorossisk.   The  situation  at  the 
remaining  sectors  of  this  Army  Group  Is  unchanged;  enemy  attacks  con- 
tinued and  failed  completely. 

Army  Group  B: 

Enemy  sorties  from  Stalingrad  were  halted.   The  northern  front 
of  the  XIV  Panzer  Corps  north  of  Stalingrad  was  attacked  by  weak  enemy 
forces.  Except  for  2  local  enemy  thrusts,  no  important  actions. 

Central  Army  Group: 

South  of  Sukhinichi,  the  enemy  followed  cautiously  our  forces 
withdrawn  to  new  lines  of  defense.   The  penetration  east  of  Vyazma  was 
cleaned  up.   In  the  area  north  of  Rzhev  a  temporary  enemy  penetration 
was  repulsed.  An  enemy  thrust  on  the  western  front  north  of  Byeloi  was 
unsuccessful. 


-83-  B"1C52 


7  Sep.  1942 

'.orthern  Amy  Group: 

'.Vest  of  Kholn  successful  fighting  against  partisans  behind 
our  lines.   South  of  Lake  Ladoga  fresh  German  troops  gained  consider- 
able ground  at  the  point  of  penetration. 

2.  Finnish  Front: 

Enemy  reconnaissance  activity  is  increasing. 

3.  ITorth  Africa* 

Our   forces  have   gone  over   to   the  defense,   making  use  of   ex- 
tensive British  mine   fields.      V.eak  enemy  thrusts   in  the   southern 
sector  were  repulsed,      llormal  gunfire   at   the  northern   sector. 


-84-  B"1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
8  Sep.  1942 

Items  of  Political  Importance 
France; 

The  Government  protested  to  the  U.S.A.  against  the  bombardment  of 
French  towns  by  American  aircraft. 

Portugal: 

The  dismissal  of  Suner  is  hailed  particularly  in  Portugal,  where  he 
was  considered  as  an  advocate  of  a  single  Iberian  state,  whereas 
Jordana  is  held  friendly  to  Portugal.   However,  Lisbon  circles  are  far 
from  believing  that  the  reorganization  of  the  Spanish  Government  is  a 
step  toward  the  stabilization  of  the  domestic  situation. 

U.S.A.; 

On  7  Sep.  Roosevelt  delivered  a  sensational  message  to  Congress  and 
asked  for  a  vote  on  1  Oct.  on  a  bill  empowering  the  President  to  take 
all  necessary  steps  in  order  to  prevent  an  inflation.   Should  Congress 
refuse  its  consent,  the  President  himself  would  assume  the  sole  re- 
sponsibility for  his  actions.   For  details  see  Political  Review  No. 
210,  paragraph  5. 

The  President  also  discussed  this  problem  in  a  fire-side  chat  and  on 
this  occasion  reviewed  the  war  situation.   He  declared  that  the  Allies 
must  concentrate  their  forces  on  4  principal  theaters  of  war;   Russia, 
the  Middle  East,  the  Pacific,  and  the  front  in  western  Europe,  which 
will  definitely  have  to  be  established  in  order  to  defeat  Germany. 
About  a  dozen  different  locations  are  suitable  for  an  invasion  and  a 
successful  offensive.  All  preparations  required  for  such  an  operation 
have  been  made  in  the  U.S.A.  as  well  as  in  Great  Britain. 

Another  bill  sent  to  Congress  reduces  the  draft  age  from  20  to  18 
years. 


Special  Items 

I.    In  connection  with  the  interrupted  offensive  in  Egypt,  the  Deputy 
Admiral,  Naval  Command,  Italy  submits  the  following  analysis: 

1.  In  the  Naval  Command's  opinion  there  can  be  no  doubt  that  in  the 
last  analysis  the  North  African  offensive  could  not  be  continued  be- 
cause of  inadequate  supply  shipments.   Thus,  unfortunately,  the  fears 
of  this  command  were  realized. 

2.  All  our  efforts  in  the  past  to  increase  supplies  to  any  extent 
failed,  and  if  we  use  the  same  methods  we  cannot  expect  to  achieve  re- 
sults in  the  future  either.   Now  that  the  offensive  has  been  halted, 
it  depends  on  a  solution  of  the  supply  problem  v/hether  the  Panzer  Army 
will  be  in  a  position  even  to  hold  its  own  in  the  face  of  an  enemy 
whose  strength  is  constantly  increasing. 

3.  Therefore  the  problem  of  supplies  absolutely  must  be  solved.   The 
first  prerequisite  for  achieving  this  is  to  preserve  the  available 
tonnage;  this  requires  that: 


-E3- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
8  Sep.  1942 

a.  The  losses  due  to  enemy  action  must  be  reduced  to  a  tolerable 
level. 

b.  The  unavoidable  losses  must  be  replaced. 

4.   It  is  my  opinion  with  regard  to  point  3  a.  that  we  cannot  expect 
to  make  headway  by  continuing  as  in  the  past  to  counter  enemy  opera- 
tions with  defensive  measures.  Even  if  we  can  strengthen  our  sub- 
marine defenses,  we  are  not  equipped  at  present  to  deal  with  the 
highly  superior  skill  of  the  R.AtF.  in  night  operations  at  sea.   This 
situation  has  reached  proportions  which  must  inevitably  lead  to  dis- 
aster unless  it  can  be  checked.   Today  more  than  ever  I  can  see  only 
one  possibility,  namely  by  going  over  to  the  offensive:   The  R.A.F. 
in  the  Central  Mediterranean,  and  that  means  Malta,  must  be  eliminated. 
At  this  point  we  must  make  a  new  start  immediately. 

The  only  suggestion  the  Naval  Command,  Italy  can  advance  with  regard  to 
point  3b  is  that  an  attempt  be  made  to  acquire  either  neutral  or  French 
tonnage  in  spite  of  all  difficulties.   The  reduction  of  tonnage  at  our 
disposal  has  become  a  threat  which  requires  that  no  stone  be  left  un- 
turned. 

The  Naval  Staff  submits  this  comment  to  the  Permanent  Representative 
of  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  at  the  Fuehrer  Headquarters,  to  the  Na- 
val Representative  at  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command  Operations  Staff, 
and  to  the  Naval  Liaison  Officers  at  the  Army  High  Command  and  the 
Air  Force  Operations  Staff  for  their  information,  with  the  following' 
remark: 

Prospects  of  reinforcing  our  submarine  defenses  effectively  are  not  very 
bright.   There  are  chances  for  doing  something  about  3b,  following  the 
successful  conclusion  of  the  negotiations  between  Kauffmann  and  Laval. 
Otherwise  the  Naval  Staff  agrees  with  the  analysis  of  the  German  Na- 
val Command,  Italy,  insofar  as  the  incomplete  information  received  to 
date  permits. 

For  exchange  of  telegrams  see  l/Skl  1742/42  Gkdos.  Chefs,  in  War  Diary, 
Part  C,  Vol.  XIV. 

A  detailed  analysis  of  the  North  African  situation  by  the  Naval  Staff 
is  contained  in  Telegram  l/Skl  lb  (plan.)  1775/42  Gkdos.  Chef s.  of  8 
Sep.   Copy  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XIV. 

The  analysis  ends  with  the  following  demand: 

In  order  to  safeguard  our  position  in  the  Mediterranean,  to  protect 
Italy,  to  prevent  a  planned  British  offensive,  to  frustrate  the  enemy's 
plans  for  a  defensive  front,  and  to  create  the  prerequisites  for  a 
direct  connection  between  Germany  and  Japan,  the  Naval  Staff  believes 
that  the  following  requirements  must  be  met: 

1.  North  Africa  must  be  held,  if  at  all  possible,  from  the  Alamein 
position. 

2.  Our  air  forces  must  be  greatly  reinforced. 

3.  Malta  must  be  seized. 

4.  The  plan  of  an  offensive  against  Suez  at  a  later  date  must  be 
adhered  to. 


-& 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
8  Sep.  1942 

Until  further  notice  this  viewpoint  is  not  to  be  passed 
on. 

II.  As  anticipated  by  the  German  Admiral  at  Tokyo,  the  Japanese  Navy, 
after  inspecting  the  DOGGERBANK,  requested  3  each  of  the  G7a  and  G7e 
type  torpedoes,  and  TMB  and  TKC  type  mines,  as  well  as  instructions  in 
their  use  by  the  DOGGERBANK 'S  crew. 

This  matter  is  being  examined. 

III.  As  on  similar  occasions  in  the  past,  the  account  about  the  laying 
of  the  Cape  Bon  minefield  (see  War  Diary  of  27  Aug.)  given  by  Admiral 
Riccardi  to  the  German  Naval  Attache  at  Rome  is  termed  incorrect  by 
the  Commanding  Admiral,  German  Naval  Command,  Italy. 

After  the  German  Naval  Command  had  protested  on  18  Jul.  1942  against 
laying  mines  without  timing  devices  and  for  no  urgent  operational 
reason,  the  Italians  cancelled  the  operation  which  had  been  scheduled 
for  the  evening  of  18  Jul.   Subsequently  the  Italian  Naval  High  Command, 
accepting  the  German  viewpoint,  planned  a  minefield  with  timing  de- 
vices set  for  48  hours,  which  was  to  be  laid  if  there  was  acute  danger 
of  enemy  forces  breaking  through  the  Strait  of  Sicily.   This  fact  was 
known  and  both  sides  had  agreed  on  this  step.   When  the  British  convoy 
in  the  western  Mediterranean  got  under  way,  this  barrage  was  laid  ac- 
cording to  plan  timed  for  72  hours.   No  German  authority  interfered 
with  this  step  in  any  way;  on  the  contrary,  when  the  British  convoy 
approached,  a  confirmation  was  demanded  that  the  measure  agreed  upon 
had  actually  been  executed.  As  far  as  could  be  ascertained  on  our  part, 
the  Italians  themselves  have  no  reliable  data  to  support  Admiral  Ric- 
cardi 's  claim  that  3  steamers  of  the  convoy  ran  into  the  newly  es- 
tablished minefield. 

The  Naval  Staff  sends  the  following  remark  to  the  Naval  Attache  at  Rome, 
with  copy  to  the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy: 

1.  Admiral  Riccardi 's  account  that  the  laying  of  the  minefield  in 
French  territorial  waters  was  to  be  cancelled  at  the  request  of  the 
Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  shortly  prior  to  the  beginning  of  the  British 
convoy  operation,  is  incorrect. 

2.  On  the  contrary,  the  Naval  Staff  had  consented  on  11  Aug.  1942  to 
the  Italian  plan  suggesting  that  timing  devices  be  adjusted  for  72 
hours  instead  of  48  hours. 

3.  The  Naval  Staff  had  suggested  the  preparation  and  the  laying  of 
such  a  minefield  in  the  event  that  the  enemy's  intention  was  recognized 
to  break  through  the  Strait  of  Sicily  with  considerable  forces,  an  op- 
eration which,  if  successful,  could  upset  the  strategic  situation  in  the 
Mediterranean.   When  Italian  authorities  wanted  to  lay  the  minefield 
around  the  middle  of  July  for  reasons  not  considered  sufficient  by  the 
Naval  Staff,  the  latter  opposed  such  action  at  that  time. 

4.  You  are  requested  to  look  up  the  details  of  this  matter  at  the 
German  Naval  Command,  Italy,  which  receives  a  copy  of  the  above. 

IV.  The  Fleet  Command  reports:   The  Commander  in  Chief,  Air  Force  feels 
unable  to  assign  operational  forces  to  the  training  units  for  partici- 
pation in  the  Navy's  maneuvers  scheduled  for  the  period  of  1  Oct.  to 

3  Oct.  1942.   Due  to  the  situation  at  the  front,  operational  units  can- 
not be  spared.   The  training  units  themselves  do  not  have  sufficient 
fuel  at  this  moment  to  fulfill  their  own  duties.   The  Commander  in  Chief, 
Air  Force  will  take  up  the  matter  again  later. 


-El- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
8   Sep.    1942 

The  Fleet  requests  the  Naval  Staff  to  approach  the  Commander  in 
Chief,  Air  Force  once  more  and  to  see  that  at  least  a  small  fleet 
force  as  well  as  the  training  units  of  the  Air  Force  can  take  part 
in  the  maneuvers.   The  5th  Air  Force  also  places  great  value  on  the 
planned  maneuvers  and  proposes  that  the  planes  which  are  now  being 
reequipped  at  the  Rechling  testing  station  be  used  for  this  purpose. 
(See  Telegram  1300.) 

The  Naval  Staff  Operations  Division  will  try  to  arrange  this. 


Situation 

;   8 

Ser. 

1942 

I .        War 

in 

Fore: 

Lgp  V.raters 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

The  U.S.  Navy  uses  groups  composed  of  ships  of  different 
size  and  type  instead  of  groups  of  uniform  type.   These  groups  are 
named  "task  forces"  and  consist  of  "task  groups"  subdivided  into 
"task  units". 

In  the  South  Pacific  Task  Force  "23"  and  Task  Group  "1"  with  Task 
Unit  "16",  also  the  Task  Groups  "4",  "6",  and  "9™  have  been  observed 
so  far.   They  are  operating  in  the  Recife-Freetown-Capetown-Monte- 
video area,  Recife  being  their  main  base.   One  of  their  principal 
tasks  is  the  protection  of  AS  convoys  part  of  which  proceed  to  the 
Middle  East.   The  task  force  consists  presumably  of  the  following 
ships:   OMAHA,  CINCINNATI,  MILWAUKEE,  MEMPHIS,  SOMERS,  JOUETT,  DAVIS, 
WINSLOW,  BALCH,  MOFFETT,  SAMPSON,  GREENE. 

So  far,  only  a  few  have  been  observed  in  the  Pacific. 

Those  stationed  in  India  and  Australia  are  known  to  be  Task  Forces 
"41"  and  "42",  the  latter  forming  the  escort  of  a  GP  convoy,  and  "44" 
which  is  engaged  in  escort  duty  for  PG,  CO,  and  ZK  convoys.  Among 
others,  the  4th  Destroyer  Squadron  and  the  7th  and  9th  Destroyer 
Division  are  comronents  of  these  task  forces. 

Neutrals ; 

As  reported  by  the  Argentine  Foreign  Ministry, 23  officers  and  107 
petty  officers  and  men  have  escaped  from  the  total  of  1,-044  interned 
crew  members  of  the  GRAF  SPEE. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Etappe  Tokyo  relays  objections  by  the  captain  of  the 
REGENSBURG  against  the  sailing  instructions  from  point  "Rose"  to 
point  "Registerbehoerde",  based  on  his  observations  on  the  outbound 
voyage  that  enemy  shipping  is  concentrated  in  the  area  between  23° 
and  25°  S,  90O  and  75°  E.   He  suggests  that  the  REGENSBURG  proceed 
from  the  Sunda  Strait  via  point  "Rose"  to  32°  S  96°  E  and  then  head 
straight  for  point  "Revierfahrt".   (See  Telegram  1954.) 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  is  informed  by  Telegram  2350  that  the 
Japanese  Naval  High  Command's  permission  for  ship  "10"  to  attack 
enemy  shipping  while  proceeding  to  the  Sunda  Strait  arrived  through 


88-  8-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


8  Sep.  1942 


the  Japanese  Naval  Attache  at  Berlin  simultaneously  with  the  communi- 
cation* of  the  Naval  Attache,  Tokyo  to  that  effect.   Ship  "10"  will 
reach  the  position  13°  S,  105°  E  on  20  Sep.  and  will  proceed  from 
there  to  the  Sunda.  Strait.   This  point  was  chosen  by  the  Japanese 
Naval  High  Command. 

With  regard  to  the  fuel  supply  of  ship  "10"  while  in  Japan,  the  Naval 
Attache  at  Tokyo  was  informed  by  the  Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff 
by  way  of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Foreign  Intelligence  Division 
Section  IV  that  the  ship  will  need  only  6,000  tons  of  gas  oil,  since 
she  can  probably  use  3,000  tons  of  any  cojnmercial  grade  Diesel  oil. 
The  Etappe  is  to  be  advised  to  place  approximately  200  tons  of  this 
fuel  at  the  disposal  of  the  captain  for  trials  immediately  upon  arrival 
of  ship  "10".   (See  Letter  1808.) 

Instructions  regarding  permission  to  attack  enemy  shipping  on  the 
voyage  to  Japan,  effective  immediately,  and  order  to  be  at  13°  S 
105°  E  on  20  Sep.  are  transmitted  to  ship  "10"  by  Radiogram  1156. 


II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  revealed  3  light  cruisers,  3  destroyers, 
and  1  patrol  vessel  off  Start  Point  at  1930;  at  2300  a  convoy  was  ob- 
served east  of  the  Isle  of  Wight.   Radio  monitoring  located  about  20 
different  ships  at  sea  in  the  Devonport  area,  including  mine  sweepers, 
subchasers,  motor  gunboats  and  the  PRINCE  ALBERT;  also  the  LOCUST  which 
took  part  in  the  Dieppe  raid. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast: 

Blockade  runner  WESERLAND  sailed  on  schedule.  The  weather 
forecast  for  9  Sep.  predicts  a  visibility  of  10  miles  for  the  waters 
between  Santander  and  Cape  Ortegal  and  intermittent  fog  close  to  the 
shore. 

The  UCKERMARK  and  SPICHERN  are  scheduled  to  sail  in  the  evening  of  9 
Sep. 

Channel  Coast: 

Steamer  S0LGLIMT,  proceeding  in  convoy,  was  engaged  at  0325 
off  Cherbourg  by  2  British  motor  gunboats  which  were  driven  off  by 
escorting  mine  sweepers.   There  were  2  dead,  Including  the  fleet  sur- 
geon, 5  severely  and  7  slightly  wounded  on  mine  sweeper  M  "10",  caused 
by  2  cm  shell  hits  from  the  S0LGLIMT.   At'  0347  the  convoy  was  attacked 
off  Etaples  by  enemy  motor  gunboats  which  had  been  lying  in  wait. 
They  succeeded  in  dodging  6  torpedoes.   Although  the  action  lasted  more 
than  an  hour,  our  ships  suffered  no  serious  damage  or  losses. 

During  the  night  of  7  Sep.  mine-laying  operation  "Ranke"  and  the  min- 
ing mission  of  the  5th  PT  Boat  Flotilla  in  quadrants  BF  2384  and  2387 
were  carried  out  according  to  plan.   For  short  report  of  the  5th  PT 
Boat  Flotilla  see  Telegram  1035. 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
8  Sep.  1942 

Torpedo  operations  of  the  2nd,  4th,  and  6th  PT  Boat  Flotillas  against 
enemy  convoys  achieved  no  results.   Upon  returning  to  base  these 
flotillas  had  a  brush  with  enemy  forces.   For  short  reports  of  the 
flotillas  see  Telegrams  1145  and  1705. 

Special  Item: 

A  British  periodical  published  a  picture  of  a  German  PT  boat  flying  the 
British  war  flag  in  the  British  service.   In  the  opinion  of  the  Com- 
mander, PT  Boats,  not  a  single  German  PT  boat  is  in  enemy  possession. 
The  picture  may  concern  S  "111"  which  was  briefly  towed  by  British 
motor  gunboats  on  15  Mar.  1942.   For  the  comment  of  the  Commander,  PT 
Boats  see  l/Skl  22175/42  Gkdos.  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  lib. 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.  North  Sea: 

Enemy  Situation:  ^ 

Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situation:  » 

Enemy  air  activity  north  of  the  'Vest  Frisian  Islands  during 
the  night  of  7  Sep.   Low-flying  planes  reached  Heligoland  and  Norderney. 
Mine-laying  off  the  Ems  River  mouth  is  suspected.   1  plane  was  shot 
down  off  Terschelling.   It  is  belatedly  reported  that  1  British  aerial 
mine  was  swept  on  7  Sop. 

The  Swedish  steamer  TYNNIKGOE,  proceeding  in  convoy  339  sank  after 
striking  a  mine  in  quadrant  AN  8331.   Convoy   1902   was  unsuccessfully 
bombed  in  quadrant  AN  8239.   The  SCHLESV-IG-IIOLSTEIN  is  transferring 
from  Wilhe lms haven  to  Cuxhaven.   Otherwise  nothing  to  report. 

The  Commander  in  Chief,  Air  Force  requested  the  Naval  Staff  to  give 

orders  that  the  Air  Force,  Group  Command  Central  Area  be  informed  about 

convoys  including  Sv/edish  ships  in  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral, 

Defenses,  North  because  Swedish  shipping  circles  have  again  complained 

of  lacking  fighter  protection.  ( 

2.  Norway: 

A  fjord  boat  leaving  Petsamo  was  unsuccessfully  fired  on  by  a 
Russian  battery  on  Rybachi  Peninsula  on  6  Sep.   Enemy  pianos  raided 
Havningsberg  on  6  and  7  Sep.   A  harbor  patrol  boat  collided  with  a  mine 
sweeper  off  Haugesund  and  sank.   Transports  and  convoy  service  according 
to  plan. 

Group  North  maintains  its  opposition  to  an  EMF  barrage  In  Vest  Fjord  as 
suggested  by  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  (see  War  Diary  of  4  Sep.) 
and  requests  consideration  whether  a  minefield  against  surface  forces 
should  not  be  laid  in  the  closed  area  of  Vardoe.  (See  Telegram  1323.) 


9f)_  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
8  Sep.  1942 

3.   Arctic  Ocean; 

Enemy  Situation: 

According  to  a  decoded  radio  message  of  0639  an  office  of  the 
Arctic  fleet  now  located  in  t\e   vicinity  of  Pechora  harbor,  probably 
at  Naryan  Mar,  is  to  be  transferred  to  Belushya  Bay  (Novaya  Zemlya) 
on  10  Sep. 

Air  reconnaissance  revealed  the  presence  of  2  cruisers,  3  destroyers,  5 
or  6  large  steamers,  1  tanker,  and  10  small  merchant  ships  or  patrol 
vessels  at  Hval  Fjord  at  1620.   The  roadstead  of  Reykjavik  was  empty. 

At  2015  a  convoy  of  12,  probably  even  more,  steamers  escorted  by  1 
cruiser  and  4  destroyers,  sailing  on  a  10°  course,  was  sighted  in  quad- 
rant AE  1480  (Denmark  Strait).   At  1830  1  heavy  cruiser  and  2  destroyers 
on  a  northerly  course  were  observed  in  quadrant  AE  28  and  at  2015  1 
cruiser  and  4  destroyers  escorting  12  steamers  in  quadrant  AE  1479. 

The  latter  cannot  be  identical  with  the  steamers  reported 
in  Hval  Fjord  at  1620.   (Distance  about  220  miles.) 

Re-examination  of  a  reconnaissance  photo  revealed  that  the  aircraft 
carrier  seen  in  Seydis  Fjord  and  identified  on  7  Sep.  as  the  ARGUS  is 
actually  an  airplane  tender  similar  to  the  LAirGLEY  (a  converted 
steamer ) . 

According  to  photo  reconnaissance  of  6  Sep.,  approximately  20  ships  were 
at  Iokanga,  6  of  them  steamers  of  3,000  GRT  each.   Visual  reconnaissance 
on  8  Sep.  showed  3  steamers  of  that  size.   3' steamers  of  3,000  GRT  on 
an  easterly  course  under  escort  of  2  destroyers  and  1  patrol  vessel  were 
observed  between  Kanin  Nos  and  Kolguyev  in; the  afternoon  of  7  Sep.  To- 
day at  noon  4  steamers  of  3,000  to  4,000  GRT  each  were  in  Kola  Bay. 

Own  Situation: 

The  Naval  Staff  informed  the  Naval  Representative  of  the 
Operations  Staff,  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  the  Permanent  Representa- 
tive of  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  at  Fuehrer  Headquarters,  and  the 
Naval  Representative  on  the  Air  Force  Operations  Staff  about  the 
probable  sailing  dates  and  daily  runs  of  convoys  PQ  18  and  QP  14,  as 
learned  from  decoded  radio  communications  of  7  Sep. 

Considering  the  TIRPITZ'S  state  of  combat  readiness,  the  Commanding  Ad- 
miral, Cruisers  proposes  to  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean,  with  copy  to 
Group  North  and  the  Naval  Staff,  to  let  this  battleship  as  well  as  the 
SCKEER  take  part  in  the  attack  on  the  QP  convoy,  which  would  assure  us 
of  a  maximum  of  striking  power.   In  this  case  the  Commanding  Admiral, 
Cruisers  would  direct  the  action  from  aboard  the  TIRPITZ.   The  proposal 
is  supported  by  the  Fleet. 

Group  North  points  out  that  this  proposal  should  have  been  made  through 
the  proper  channels  and  should  have  been  submitted  to  the  Group,  via  the 
Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean. 

Group  North  assumes  that  convoy  PQ  18  will  be  south  of  Jan  Mayen  on  10 
Sep.  at  approximately  10°  W,  not  10°  E,  and  v/ill  proceed  to  Novaya 
Zemlya  by  daily  runs  of  200  miles  along  latitude  76°,  a  little  to  the 
south  of  Spitsbergen;  thence  along  the  island's  west  coast  via  Kanin 
Nos  to  Archangel.   It  will  reach  Novaya  Zemlya  probably  between  10  and  16 
Sep.  According  to  this,  the  convoy  must  have  sailed  from  Reykjavik  on  7 


9J-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
8  Sep.  1942 

Sep.  and  must  be  in  Denmark  Strait  on  8  Sep. 

It  is  anticipated  that  convoy  QP  14  will  sail  from  Kanin  Nos  on  12  or 
13  Sep.  and  thus  meet  convoy  PQ  18  off  Novaya  Zemlya  on  15  or  16  Sep. 
It  should  be  off  Spitsbergen  by  18  or  19  Sep.  If  this  assumption  is 
correct,  the  forces  escorting  convoy  PQ,  18  will  return  westward  with 
convoy  QP  14  and  the  heavy  covering  force  will  remain  in  its  waiting 
position  west  of  the  line  Bear  Island-Spitsbergen  until  convoy  QP  14 
has  passed. 

Group  North  reasons  that  these  circumstances  will  make  it  very  difficult 
for  surface  forces  to  close  in  on  either  of  the  convoys;  it  could,  how- 
ever, be  accomplished  if  the  attack  on  QP  14  were  made  over  the  shortest 
possible  approach  from  the  North  Cape  area  during  the  night.   The  at- 
tack would  then  take  place  approximately  somewhat  to  the  east  of  the 
Bear  Island-Spitsbergen  line.   In  the  Group's  opinion  attacks  by  sub- 
marines and  the  Air  Force  have  the  best  prospects  of  success. 

The  Group  contemplates  the  following  measures: 

a.  A  surface  attack  on  convoy  QP  14  will  be  attempted  by  the 
SCHEER,  HIPPER,  KOELN,  and  5  destroyers.   Their  transfer  to  Alta  Fjord 
under  the  tactical  command  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Cruisers  will  be 
timed  so  that  the  operation  can  start  from  there  any  time  after  the 
evening  of  11  Sep.   The  over-all  command  of  the  operations  against  both 
convoys  will  be  in  the  hands  of  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean.   The  ships 
will  leave  Alta  Fjord  when  Group  North  issues  the  code  word  "Keisen- 
balz".  ■  k 

b.  Repairs  on  the  TIRPITZ  are  to  be  so  arranged  that  she  will  be 
ready  for  27  knots  on  12  hour  notice.   After  completion  of  repairs 
(expected  on  14  Sep.),  and  after  the  start  of  "Keisenbalz"  she  will  be 
on  3  hour  readiness. 

c.  In  view  of  the  restrictions  imposed,  it  appears  unlikely  that 
a  situation  will  arise  which  will  call  for  the  commitment  of  the  TIR- 
PITZ.  However,  if  this  necessity  arises,  she  will  be  escorted  by  a 
destroyer  and  the  torpedo  boats  T  "9"  and  "12". 

The  5th  Air  Force  is  requested  to  take  over  the  following  tasks,  besides 
its  normal  reconnaissance  activity: 

a.  To  reinforce  the  fighter  defense  of  Alta  Fjcrd  following  the 
arrival  of  the  forces  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Cruisers. 

b.  During  operation  "Meisenbalz"  reconnaissance  missions  are  to 
be  flown  as  directed  by  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean. 

c.  To  advise  the  bomber  squadrons  that  it  is  particularly  im- 
portant and  necessary  for  the  success  of  the  attack  of  our  forces  that 
the  enemy  escort  forces  be  put  out  of  commission. 

The  Naval  Staff  has  this  to  say  about  the  above  directives: 

(1)   Since  the  waters  between  30°  and  600,  E  are  free  of  ice  far  to  the 
north,  it  is  not  unlikely  that  the  heavy  covering  force  will  proceed 
eastward  beyond  the  Bear  Island-Spitsbergen  line  in  view  of  its  opera- 
tional range. 


B-1052 

92- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
8  Sep.  1942 

(2)  It  can  be  assuned  that  the  escort  of  both  convoys  will  be  at  a 
minimum  between  Novaya  Zemlya  and  the  coast  of  Kola  Peninsula.   In  this 
section  the  naval  escort  will  be  replaced  by  air  protection  and  nothing 
definite  is  known  about  the  latter' s  strength.   Along  the  remaining 
route  the  escorting  forces  can  be  assumed  to  be  concentrated  first  on 
convoy  PQ  18  and  later  on  convoy  QP  14. 

(3)  Particular  attention  must  be  paid  to  tankers;  in  previous  opera- 
tions they  enabled  even  light  forces  to  take  part  in  the  action  by  re- 
fueling them  at  sea.   It  will  be  useful  to  inform  the  5th  Air  Force 
about  this  fact. 

For  respective  telegrams  see  l/Skl  1765/42  and  1772/42  Gkdos.  Chefs,  in 
file  "Operation  Eispalast". 

The  Naval  Staff  submits  the  Navy's  plans  for  the  operation  against  con- 
voys PQ  18  and  QP  14  to  Fuehrer  Headquarters,  to  the  Naval  Representa- 
tive of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Operations  Staff  and  to  the  Na- 
val Representative  on  the  Air  Forces  Operations  Staff,  as  follows: 

(1)  Submarines  will  concentrate  on  convoy  PQ  18. 

(2)  a.    If  the  enemy  situation  is  favorable,  it  will  be  attempted  to 
have  the  SCHEER,  HIPPER,  KOELN  and  5  destroyers  attack  convoy  QP  14. 
For  this  purpose  this  task  force  under  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Cruisers 
will  be  transferred  to  Alta  Fjord  so  as  to  be  ready  for  operation  on 
the  evening  of  11  Sep.   Code  word  for  start  of  operation  is  "Meisen- 
balz". 

b.   The  TIRPITZ  with  an  escort  of  1  destroyer  and  2  torpedo  boats 
will  first  be  on  12  hour  readiness,  later  on  on  2  to  3  hour  readiness 
at  Narvik. 

(3)  Submarines  will  be  directed  to  such  points  of  the  area  Iceland- 
Faeroe  Islands  which  according  to  previous  experiences  will  be  passed 
by  the  heavy  covering  forces. 

Vice  Admiral  Krancke  is  notified  that  additional  data  for  his  report  to 
the  Fuehrer  will  follow  in  due  time. 

The  Naval  Representative  at  the  Air  Force  Operations  Staff  Is  informed 
also  of  Group  North's  demands  on  the  5th  Air  Force. 

For  telegram  see  l/Skl  I  op  1773/42  Gkdos.  Chefs,  in  file  "Operation 
Eispalast". 

Group  North  informs  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  that  in  case 
submarines  proceeding  to  operations  areas  pass  the  Iceland-Faroes  area 
and  could  participate  temporarily  in  the  operation  against  the  convoys, 
quadrants  AE  53,  37,  56,  5931,  93,  96,  99,  and  47  are  promising  loca- 
tions where,  according  to  past  experience,  heavy  enemy  naval  forces  can 
be  counted  on  to  appear. 

No  reports  were  received  regarding  operations  "Romanow"  and  "Zarewitsch". 


S- 


B-1052 


co::fids!.tial 

8  Sep.  1942 

IV,   Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

According  to  a  report  of  the  Admiral,  Denmark  from  a  source  of 
unknown  reliability,  the  British  Naval  Attache  at  Stockholm  is  said  to 
have  announced  a  British  air  attack  on  the  ferry  slip  of  Helsingoer  and 
on  ferries  which  are  in  operation,  in  order  to  cut  off  the  supply  of 
Norway. 

The  reinforcement  of  the  inadequate  anti-aircraft 
defenses  has  been  requested  of  the  Commander,  Anti- 
aircraft Defenses,  Denmark. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Nothing  to  report  from  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  De- 
fenses, Baltic  Sea. 

The  minefields  "Seeigel  30",  "31",  and  "32"  in  the  area  of  the  Commander 
!.'ine  Sweepers,  Baltic  Sea  were  reinforced  according  to  plan.   Mine- 
sweeping  was  hampered  by  bad  weather. 

Transport  and  convoy  service  proceeded  on  schedule.   Leave  ship  ILLER 
ran  aground  upon  departing  from  Hangoe.   The  entire  crew  and  pers'onnel 
on  leave  are  safe. 


V.    Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

Radio  monitoring  revealed  ship  traffic  west  of  Gibraltar, 
probably  in  connection  with  the  arrival  of  ships  or  of  a  convoy. 

Lively  reconnaissance  activity  in  the  southern  rendezvous  area.   3  re- 
ports from  the  St.  Lawrence  River  about  the  sighting  of  submarines  were 
intercepted  and  from  the  Gulf  of  St.  Lawrence  a  message  concerning  an 
attack  by  a  submarine  and  the  sighting  of  another.   U.S.  steamer 
PENNMAR  (5,568  GRT )  sent  an  SSS  signal  about  sighting  a  submarine  40 
miles  east  of  Halifax. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

3  more  submarines  are  on . the  way  to  the  zone  of  operations 
from  Germany  and  1  from  a  western  French  base. 

Submarine  U  "617"  sank  a  1,500  GRT  steamer  in  quadrant  AE  7672  in  the 
North  Atlantic.   No  reports  regarding  the  operation  against  the  convoy 
east  of  the  Azores  were  received  today. 

No  successes  were  reported  from  the  U.S.  coast. 

Following  a  report  from  submarine  U  "333"  which  substantiates  the 
assumption  of  a  submarine  trap  in  quadrant  BE  and  the  northern  sector 
of  quadrant  CF,  all  submarines  are  warned  once  more. 

Group  "Eisbaer"  is  located  at  present  in  quadrant  FE.   The  group  will  re- 
ceive supplies  after  20  Sep. 


+24-  S"1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
8  Sep.  1942 

Due  to  the  Japanese  Navy's  demand  for  a  reduction  of  the  German  area  of 
operation  in  the  Indian  Ocean,  the  planned  transfer  there  of  the  auxili- 
ary cruisers  operating  at  this  time  in  the  eastern  part  of  the  South 
Pacific  cannot  take  place.   For  the  time  being  ship  "28"  is  ordered  to 
quadrant  HIT  where  she  will  not  interfere  with  the  operation  of  Group 
"Eisbaer".   It  is  planned  for  a  later  date  to  authorize  operations  in 
the  area  between  15°  W  and  west  of  a  line  running  from  quadrant  GR  89 
to  quadrant  FE  91  via  St.  Helena.   After  arriving  in  the  Capetown  area, 
Group  "Eisbaer"  can  therefore  be  permitted  to  attack  single  ships  east 
of  the  above  line  only.   At  present  ship  "23"  operates  in  the  South 
Atlantic  west  of  longitude  15  W. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  is  being  informed  of  this  situation 
and  is  requested  to  report  the  dates  and  rendezvous  points  with  supply 
ships  as  well  as  their  route  instructions  in  order  to  allow  sufficient 
time  to  coordinate  the  requirements  of  auxiliary  cruisers  and  sub- 
marines. 

For  copy  of  directive  to  this  effect  see  1/Skl  Iu  1764/42  Gkdos.  Chefs, 
in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  IV. 

For  further  information  see  supplementary  submarine  situation  reoort  in 
War  Diary,  Part  B,  Vol.  IV. 

The  same  report  contains  an  analysis  of  the  prospects  of  future  sub- 
marine warfare  by  the  Naval  Staff  Operations  Division,  Submarine  Section; 
it  climaxes  in  the  demand  that  construction  of  offensive  and  defensive 
submarine  weapons  must  speedily  be  adapted  to  cope  with  present  develop- 
ments which  are  already  gravely  threatening  to  limit  submarine  opera- 
tions.  The  most  serious  thought  is  being  given  this  matter  by  the  Na- 
val Staff.   It  is  imperative  to  exploit  all  means  which  may  help  to 
boost  the  effectiveness  of  the  submarines.   Nothing  must  be  neglected 
in  order  to  convince  the  authorities  of  the  Armed  Forces  and  of  arma- 
ments production  that  submarine  warfare  must  be  given  everything  it 
needs  without  any  restriction  and,  most  of  all,  without  any  further  de- 
lay, since  submarine  warfare  is  the  only  effective  weapon  at  our  dis- 
posal to  fight  the  enemy  naval  powers.   The  Naval  Staff  never  enter- 
tained any  doubt  that  naval  warfare  alone  can  force  Great  Britain  and 
the  U.S.A.  to  make  peace.   The  Naval  Staff  is  thus  compelled  to  judge 
all  other  efforts  solely  from  one  angle,  namely  to  what  degree  they 
will  benefit  naval  and  primarily  submarine  warfare  against   enemy 
shipping.   It  must  and  will  relentlessly  demand  that  all  war  planning 
be  done  with  this  situation  in  mind  and  that  all  conclusions  be  drawn 
immediately  from  the  inescapable  fact  that  the  strongest  purely  con- 
tinental power  can  at  best  hold  its  own  in  the  face  of  naval  powers,  but 
never  impose  its  will  on  them.   Utmost  vigilance  is  imperative  as  soon 
as  the  first  indications  become  apparent  that  the  most  powerful  weapon 
of  naval  warfare,  the  submarine  is  being  rendered  ineffective  by  im- 
proved enemy  defense  methods.   With  this  thought  uppermost,  the  Naval 
Staff  is  tackling  the  acute  problems  by  which  it  is  confronted  and 
which  require  a  thorough  investigation  of  the  possibilities  of  making 
submarine  warfare  more  effective. 


VI.   Aerial  Warfare 

1 .    British  Isles  and  Vicinity : 

During  the  day  and  night  of  8  Sep.  small  forces  raided  several 
localities  in  southern  England.   Propaganda  leaflets  were  dropped  over 
Portsmouth  and  Southampton. 


•51- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
8  Sep.  1942 

2.  Incur si ens : 

140  enemy  planes  flew  into  southwestern  Germany,  concentrat- 
ing on  Ruesselsheim.   For  damage  at  Ruesselsheim  (Opel  Works),  Frank- 
furt on  Main,  Mainz,  etc.,  see  daily  situation  report. 

3.  Mediterranean  Theater; 
Nothing  to  report. 

4.  Eastern  Front: 

121  enemy  planes  were  shot  down  on  the  various  army  sectors. 
Reconnaissance  activity  in  the  Black  Sea,  the  Caspian  Sea  and  the 
Arctic  Ocean.   A  small  force  attacked  Murmansk. 

5.  Special  Item: 

The  Operations  Staff,  Air  Force  agrees  to  the  request  of  the 
Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division,  Fleet  Branch  concerning  the  im- 
mediate training  of  5  sailors  and  the  allocation  of  2  model  330  Focke  ' 
Achgelis  autogyro  lookout  kites  so  that  one  ship  may  be  equipped  with 
them  at  once.   (See  Telegram  2040.) 


VII.  Warfare  in  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1.  Enemy  Situation,  Mediterranean: 

The  warship  situation  at  Gibraltar  remained  essentially  un- 
changed.  According  to  intelligence  reports  from  Spain,  about  50  small 
vessels  (subchasers,  trawlers,  tugs,  patrol  vessels, and  landing  barges) 
are  at  the  pier.   The  transport  LEINSTER  sailed  during  the  night  of  7 
Sep.  for  an  unknown  destination. 

4  submarines  were  reported  sighted  in  the  central  Mediterranean.   No 
other  ships  were  reported  sighted  in  the  Mediterranean.   Reconnaissance 
and  bomber  plane  activity  was  reported  by  air  reconnaissance.  A  number 
of  messages  concerning  reconnaissance  and  air  attacks  on  convoys  and 
destroyer  escorts  were  intercepted. 

According  to  a  communique  of  the  British  Admiralty,  submarines  definitely 
sank  5  large  merchant  ships  and  2  medium  sized  vessels  during  the  last 
weeks  apart  from  the  successes  achieved  by  the  Royal  Air  Force  and  the 
Na val  Air  Force.   In  addition,  3  vessels  were  damaged  by  submarines. 

2 .  Own  Situation,  Mediterranean : 

2  German  PT  boats  sailed  from  Navarino  and  4  from  Suda  for 
Augusta. 

An  Italian  subchaser  reported  on  7  Sep.  sinking  an  enemy  submarine  off 
the  Peloponnesian  west  coast.  ' 

Enemy  planes  raided  Tobruk  on  the  evening  of  6  Sep. 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa: 

The  RAVELLO  and  SESTRIERE  arrived  at  Benghazi  at  noon,  the 


96|-  B-10" 


> 


CONFIDENTIAL 
8  Sep.  1942 

ANKARA  and  auxiliary  vessel  BRIONI  at  Tobruk.  At  0600  the  ANKARA  was 
unsuccessfully  attacked  by  enemy  bombers.   The  escort  destroyer 
FTTCILIERE  was  damaged. 

Other  convoys  proceeded  according  to  plan  without  interference. 

Special  Item; 

The  Naval  Staff  advises  the  Operations  Staff,  Armed  Forces  High  Command, 
with  copy  to  the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy,  about  its  stand  on  the 
reply  of  the  Italian  High  Command  to  the  Operations  Staff,  Armed  Forces 
High  Command  of  7  Aug.  regarding  the  closing  of  the  Sicily  Strait.   The 
German  Naval  Command,  Italy  is  advised  of  the  Naval  Staff's  agreement 
with  the  plans  submitted  for  the  execution  of  the  measure.   For  copy 
see  1/Skl  I  E  22169/42  Gkdos.  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XIII. 

4.   Area  Naval  Group  South; 

Aegean  Sea: 

Check-sweeping  of  the  Cerigotto  Strait,  where  mines  are  sus- 
pected, brought  no  result. 

Otherwise  nothing  to  report. 

Special  Item; 

The  Naval  Construction  Division  reports  with  regard  to  the  demands  of 
Group  South  and  the  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division,  Fleet  Branch 
concerning  the  construction  of  anti-submarine  vessels  for  the  Aegean 
Sea;   Auxiliary  ship  DRACHE  and  4  subchasers  will  be  completed  at 
Trieste  on  24  Sep.  and  24  Oct.  respectively.   The  contemplated  con- 
struction of  armed  trawlers  at  Skararaandka  could  not  be  begun  due  to 
lack  of  labor,  although  lumber  and  steel  have  been  available  for  some 
time.   The  Naval  Construction  Division  is  therefore  using  the  Varna 
shipyards,  where  24  armed  trawlers  are  to  be  constructed  between 
September  1942  and  April  1943  and  18  more  between  April  and  August  1943. 

Black  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation; 

On  7  and  8  Sep.  movements  of  light  forces  and  the  floating 
dock  in  tow  were  observed  by  reconnaissance  planes  off  the  east  coast 
in  the  Tuapse  and  Adler  area.   According  to  photo  reconnaissance,  the 
following  ships  were  at  Batum  on  7  Sep.:   The  hull  of  a  warship,  2 
cruisers,  1  torpedo  boat,  1  mine  sweeper,  4  submarines,  2  PT  boats,  6 
tankers,  9  steamers,  and  1  floating  crane.   At  Potl  on  the  same  day: 
1  battleship,  1  warship  hull,  2  heavy  cruisers,  1  training  ship,  6 
destroyers,  2  of  which  were  in  dock,  16  submarines,  2  of  which  in  dock, 
5  motor  mine  sweepers,  5  PT  boats,  13  steamers,  etc.  ■ 

Lively  shipping  activity  was  observed  in  the  Caspian  Sea  and  between 
Astrakhan  and  Stalingrad.   For  details  see  daily  situation  report. 

Own  Situation; 

During  the  night  of  6  Sep.  the  1st  PT  Boat  Flotilla  was  de- 
ployed between  Tuapse  and  Sochi,  Italian  subchasers  between  Novorossisk 
and  Gelendzhik  for  torpedo  operations.   No  shipping  was  encountered. 


97_  B-1052 


CONFIUENTIAL 


8  Sep.  1942 


Otherwise  nothing  to  report, 


VIII.  Situation  East  Asia 

On  the  basis  of  information  received  by  the  Japanese  Naval  High 
Command,  the  German  Admiral,  at  Tokyo  reports: 

1.  Solomon  Islands;   Efforts  are  being  made  to  destroy  enemy  planes 
on  Guadalcanal.   For  this  purpose  air  attacks  were  made  on  2  and  5  Sep., 
during  which  a  total  of  16  enemy  planes  was  destroyed;  the  enemy  suc- 
ceeded, however,  in  bringing  up  replacements.   On  4  Sep.  light  enemy 
forces  were  attacked  by  destroyers  off  Guadalcanal.   1  destroyer  was 
sunk,  1  other  destroyer  or  fairly  large  warship  was  likewise  sunk.   On 

6  Sep.  a  Japanese  submarine  sighted  1  aircraft  carrier,  2  cruisers,  and 
several  destroyers  south  of  Paulo  Island  at  13°  00'  S  162°  00'  E.   2 
torpedo  hits  were  scored  on  the  carrier  but  the  sinking  net  observed. 
Japanese  Army  forces  on  Guadalcanal  were  reinforced.  An  early  offen- 
sive, aiming  primarily  at  the  airfield,  may  be  anticipated. 

2.  New  Guinea:   A  Japanese  landing  attempt  at  Rabi  (Milne  Bay)  en- 
countered strong  enemy  resistance.   The  situation  at  this  moment  is  un- 
favorable to  the  Japanese,  owing  to  enemy  air  superiority,  the  presence 
of  enemy  tanks  and  difficulties  of  terrain.   Nevertheless,  additional 
landing  attempts  may  be  made. 

3.  Aleutians :   A  Japanese  submarine  sighted  several  cruisers  and 
destroyers  north  of  Umulak  on  3  Sep.   A  submarine  which  penetrated  into 
Nazan  Bay  (Umulak  Island)  on  4  Sep.  scored  a  torpedo  hit  on  a  heavy 
enemy  cruiser.   The  result  was  not  observed. 


IX.  Army  Situation 

1.        Russian  Front: 

Army  Group   A: 

Heavy  fighting  continues  in  the  Novorossisk  area, 
enemy  attacks  at  the  Terek  River,  both  sides  of  Mozdok. 

Army  Group  B: 


Strong 


After  regrouping,  tank  and  motorized  Infantry  units  launched 

a  new  attack  on  Stalingrad.  The  enemy  is  undertaking  massed  sorties 

and  diversionary  attacks  on  the  northern  sector  of  the  XIV  Panzer  Corps, 
all  of  which  were  repulsed. 

Central  Army  Group: 

Strong  enemy  tank  formations  brought  up  via  Kaluga  and  Kozelsk, 
advancing  in  southwesterly  direction,  indicate  impending  attacks  in  the 
area  south  of  Sukhinichi.   A  strong  enemy  attack  is  under  way  east  of 
Vyazma.   Fighting  on  a  small  scale  is  going  on  in  the  Rzhev  area. 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
8  Sep.  1942 

Northern  Army  Group ; 

The  demarkation  line  between  the  18th  and  the  11th  Armies  runs 
from  Trossno  to  Maluksa.  The  11th  Army  is  north  of  this  line.   South 
of  Lake  Ladoga  and  in  the  Leningrad  area  the  enemy  continued  to  attack 
in  some  sectors. 

2.  Finnish  Front: 
Nothing  to  report. 

3.  North  Africa: 

No  situation  report  has  been  received  as  yet. 


I 


I 


-B 


CONFIDENTIAL 
9  Sep.  194P 

Items  of  Political  Importance 

Great  Britain: 

On  8  Sep.  Churchill  addressed  the  House  of  Commons,  giving  for  the 
first  time  after  a  long  interval  an  account  of  the  situation.   Among 
other  things,  he  discussed  the  convoy  which  got  through  to  Malta  in 
August,  and  declared:   "The  convoy  and  its  escort  suffered  heavy 
losses.   1  British  aircraft  carrier,  2  cruisers,  and  1  destroyer  were 
sunk  and  other  ships  damaged;  however,  this  price  was  not  too  high  in 
view  of  the  result  achieved,  because  it  is  of  greatest  importance  for 
the  situation  of  the  entire  Middle  East  that  Malta  be  in  a  position  to 
interfere  effectively  with  the  enemy  communications  to  Libya  and  Egypt.** 

Churchill  termed  the  raid  on  Dieppe  forced  reconnaissance,  an  action 
which  is  necessary  before  operations  on  a  larger  scale  can  be  in- 
augurated. 

The  cruiser  SHROPSHIRE  is  allocated  to  Australia  to  take  the  place  of 
the  CANBERRA  which  was  sunk  during  the  battle  of  the  Solomon  Islands. 

The  Allies  continue  to  exercise  air  superiority.   The  daylight  bomb- 
ings by  the  U.S.  Air  Force,  which  are  made  from  great  altitude  and  with 
remarkable  aim,  are  a  new  factor,  the  importance  of  which  is  increasing. 

Merchant  shipping  losses  are  still  very  grave,  but  a  distinct  improve- 
ment can  be  noticed  since  July.   It  is  credited  to  the  perfection  of 
the  convoy  system  off  the  American  coast.   The  last  two  convoys  to 
Malta  and  Russia  increased  the  losses  considerably.   However,  con- 
struction of  new  merchant  vessels  lately  exceeded  the  number  of  sink- 
ings.  Recently  the  fight  against  submarines  has  become  more  success- 
ful than  ever  before.   Of  great  importance  also  was  the  bombing  of 
German  shipyards  used  for  the  construction  of  submarines. 

Naval  warfare  is  the  basis  for  all  Allied  efforts. 

Churchill  then  discussed  the  Egyptian  situation  and  the  shift  of  high 
command  posts  which  became  necessary  in  this  theater.  Roosevelt  lent 
ships  in  order  to  transport  an  additional  40,000  to  50,000  men.  to  the 
Middle  East.  "Excellently  equipped  troops  have  arrived  by  way  of  the 
Cape  of  Good  Hope;  and  it  was  possible  to  send  them  directly  to  Egypt, 
so  that  the  defense  of  this  country  will  be  ensured  during  the  coming 
months . " 

"Rommel's  offensive  was  blocked  because  many  of  his  supply  ships  were 
sunk  by  submarines.   Since  his  position  thus  became  difficult,  he 
launched  a  major  offensive  on  31  Aug.  which  started  rolling  at  the  very 
moment  v/hen  all  British  defense  preparations  had  been  completed.   The 
attack  was  repulsed  primarily  because  of  British  numerical  superiority 
of  guns  and  tanks." 

"The  organization  of  the  10th  Army  (Iran  and  Iraq)  has  made  good  pro- 
gress; particularly  its  air  force  has  been  reinforced.   It  will  pos- 
sibly be  able  to  lend  assistance  to  the  left  Russian  flank,  but  in  any 
event  will  defend  Iraq." 

The  Prime  Minister  also  spoke  about  his  visit  to  Moscow: 

"The  results  of  the  Moscow  talks  cannot  be  divulged.   The  Russians  are 
of  the  opinion  that  neither  the  British  nor  the  Americans  have  done 
enough  to  ease  their  burden.  We  were  impressed,  however,  by  the  Russian 


r 1  E-1052 

-LOO- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
9  Sep.  1942 

leaders'  confidence  in  our  loyal  determination  to  come  to  their  support* 

In  concluding,  Churchill  characterized  the  situation  as  tremendously 
improved  during  the  last  2  years.   Allied  with  the  greatest  nations, 
Great  Britain  is  on  the  path  to  total  victory.   Germany  is  hated  in  all 
European  countries  more  than  any  nation  had  ever  been  hated  within  the 
annals  of  history.   The  hour  of  liberation  will  be  the  hour  of  retalia- 
tion. 

The  debate  following  the  speech  was  brief  and  drew  little  participation 
from  the  House. 

For  a  complete  report  see  Political  Review  No.  211. 

Churchill's  statements  ought  to  be  studied  carefully  in 
the  original.   They  offer  valuable  hints  for  an  analysis 
of  the  present  situation.   See  note  in  War  Diary,  Part 
B,  Vol.  V. 

The  council  of  the  British  trade  unions,  now  in  session,  expressed  con- 
fidence in  Churchill.  A  motion  for  the  admission  of  communists  was  de- 
feated by  a  vote  of  2,500,000  against  2,100,000. 

In  a  speech,  Smuts  termed  the  Mediterranean  basin  the  most  important 
theater  of  war.   The  resources  of  the  Allies  are  threatened  and  all 
their  efforts  will  be  in  vain  if  the  enemy  is  not  driven  out  of  North 
Africa. 

Turkey: 

Pressure  exerted  by  the  British  and  U.S.  Ambassadors  in  order  to  achieve 
the  repeal  of  the  stipulations  of  the  Montreux  Convention,  thus  permit- 
ting Russian  warships  free  passage  through  the  Dardanelles,  failed  to 
accomplish  this  purpose. 


Special  Items; 

I.  A.   The  Deputy  Chief,  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division  in- 
formed the  Chief,  Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff  on  8  Sep.  as  follows t 
Vice  Admiral  Krancke  telephoned  that  the  Fuehrer  has  again  expressed  his 
opinion  that  all  ships  suitable  for  Norway  are  to  be  transferred  there. 

B.  The  Fuehrer's  viewpoint  supports  the  Naval  Staff's  plans  re- 
garding assignments  for  the  surface  forces  during  the  winter.   Since  the 
Fuehrer  is  also  apparently  influenced  by  the  possibility  of  enemy  op- 
erations against  the  Norwegian  coast,  the  question  of  whether  the  NUERN- 
BERG  should  be  used  in  Norway  in  spite  of  existing  limitations  is 
answered  automatically. 

C.  In  a  conference  between  the  Chief,  Operations  Division,  Naval 
Staff  and  the  Deputy  Chief,  Quartermaster  Division,  Naval  Staff,  the 
Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff  agreed  to  the  replacement  of  the  KOELN 
by  the  EMDEN,  notwithstanding  the  latter' s  lower  speed  and  inferior  anti- 
aircraft equipment.   The  EMDEN  is  actually  the  only  seaworthy  German 
cruiser;  she  can  be  used  in  Norway,  however,  only  following  final  tests 
of  the  newly  installed  degaussing  gear. 

II.  A.   With  reference  to  the  plans  for  a  new  battleship,  the  Fuehrer 
reiterated  his  demand  for  larger  caliber  guns. 


Hi- 


fi- 105  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 


9  Sep.  1942 


In  this  connection  the  Naval  Staff  Operations  Division  recapitulates 
briefly  its  own  demands  applying  to  a  ship  of  this  type: 

B.  The  main  object  is  to  increase  the  offensive  power  of  type 
"H  41"  by  using  higher  caliber  guns.   All  other  specifications  should 
be  retained,  if  possible,  in  order  to  avoid  an  undesirable  increase  of 
the  ship's  displacement. 

By  means  of  her  superior  armament  the  ship  must  be  able  also  in  diffi- 
cult situations  to  defeat  adversaries  which  are  otherwise  her  equals. 
"Difficult  situations"  exist  when  the  ship  is  simultaneously  subjected 
to  air  attacks,  the  weather  is  unfavorable  (poor  visibility,  heavy 
s"eas ) ,  the  ship  has  been  on  operations  for  a  long  time  and  has  little 
hope  for  an  early  return  to  base,  etc. 

In  other  respects,  as  for  instance  armor,  speed,  and  range  of  operation, 
the  ship  is  to  follow  the  specifications  for  model  "H  41". 

C.  The  Naval  Staff  Operations  Division  is  of  the  opinion  that 
the  increase  of  displacement  which  goes  with  the  increased  caliber  of 
the  main  guns  must  be  held  to  a  minimum.   Otherwise  the  armament  of  the 
ship  need  not  be  increased  in  proportion  to  the  increased  gun  caliber; 
it  is  rather  to  be  maintained  as  heretofore.   Furthermore,  attempts 
should  be  made  to  make  up  for  the  increased  weight  of  the  guns  by  sav- 
ings applied  to   other  equipment,  if  not  in  full  at  least  as  much  as 
possible.   Theoretically  this  could  be  applied  as  follows: 

(a)  Weight  of  engines,  resulting  in  a  reduction  of  speed. 

(b)  Fuel  supply,  resulting  in  a  reduction  of  range. 

(c)  Armor  and  under-water  protection,  resulting  in  reduced  re- 
sistance. 

(d)  Remaining  armament, 'resulting  In  reduced  striking  power. 

Re  (a)   The  Naval  Staff  Operations  Division  cannot  concede 
a  further  reduction  of  speed,  which  has  already 
been  lowered  to  28  knots  by  measures  recently  taken 
(protection  of  ammunition  chambers  against  bombs). 


Re  (b)    It  is  assumed  that  no  considerable  saving  of  weight 
can  be  achieved  by  reducing  the  fuel  supply  to  a 
level  corresponding  to  a  range  for  example  of 
18,000  miles  at  an  average  speed  of  19  knots.  Even 
if  bases  were  available  to  us  in  foreign  waters, 
a  range  of  20,000  miles  at  a  speed  of  19  knots 
would  still  be  required,  so  that  concessions  in 
this  respect  could  be  made  only  if  they  would  re- 
sult in  a  very  considerable  gain.   This  question 
requires  a  thorough  examination. 


Re  (c)   A  reduction  of  armor  thickness  or  a  lessening  of 

protection  cannot  be  advocated  by  the 
Operations  Division;  it  is  willing, 
forego  an  increase  of  these  factors 
.on  to  the  greater  gun  caliber.   Speci- 
>ased  on  those  planned  heretofore  for 
considered  adequate  and  offer  sufficient 
the  final  calculations. 


under -water 
Naval  Staff 
however,  to 
in  proportic 
fications  bi 
"H  41"  are 
leeway  for 


&- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
9  Sep.  1942 

Re  (d)   (1)   The  caliber  of  the  main  guns  has  been  fixed. 
The  number  of  guns  and  their  disposition  must 
afford  maximum  fighting  efficiency. 

(2)  The  amount  of  anti-aircraft  artillery  must  be 
maintained  as  heretofore. 

(3)  The  importance  of  retaining  efficient  second- 
ary guns  is  accentuated  by  the  following  conclu- 
sions:  The  main  guns  are  an  "expensive"  affair  in 
view  of  ammunition  requirements  and  wear  and  tear 
on  the  gun  barrels.   Their  use  must  be  limited  to 
worthwhile  targets  and  cannot  be  justified  for 
fighting  light  cruisers  and  destroyers. 

(4)  It  is  therefore  imperative  that  the  secondary 
guns  and  the  heavy  anti-aircraft  guns  be  of 
different  caliber  and  be  placed  according  to 
weight. 

(5)  A  thorough  examination  of  the  problem  of 
whether  the  secondary  guns  should  be  mounted  in 
casemates  or  turrets  might  result  in  saving 
weight. 

(6)  Torpedo  equipment  cannot  be  dispensed  with. 

D.   The  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division  is  requested  to  take 
the  above  conclusions  into  account  in  working  out  the  plans  for  "H  41" 
in  consultation  with  the  Naval  Construction  Division  and  the  Naval 
Ordnance  Division  and  to  report  to  the  Naval  Staff  Operations  Division 
about  any  further  steps  in  this  connection. 

III.  Field  Marshal  Kesselring's  report  to  Mussolini  of  7  Sep.,  as  re- 
lated by  the  German. General  attached  to  the  Italian  High  Command,  re- 
veals the  following  picture  of  the  situation: 

a.  The  Alamein  line  is  to  be  held  under  all  circumstances. 

b.  It  is  still  planned  to  resume  the  offensive  as  soon  as  the 
supply  situation  and  the  strength  of  our  forces  will  permit.   The 
Egyptian  front  is  gaining  importance  in  connection  with  the  pressure  on 
the  Middle  East  from  the  Caucasus. 

c.  Due  to  weather  conditions,  Malta  cannot  be  captured  sooner 
than  before  next  summer.   Thus  the  only  way  to  safeguard  the  transport 
of  supplies  to  North  Africa  is  to  neutralize  Malta  by  increasing  our 
air  forces. 

d.  Additional  steps  for  more  efficient  convoy  protection  by 
closer  cooperation  between  naval  and  air  forces  are  to  be  considered 
during  conferences  between  the  Commanding  General,  Armed  Forces  South, 
and  the  Italian  High  Command. 

e.  Field  Marshal  Kesselring  plans  to  report  on  8  Sep.  to  the 
Commander  in  Chief,  Air  Force  and  to  the  Fuehrer  at  the  Fuehrer's  Head- 
quarters. 

The  Naval  Staff's  views  on  this  matter  can  be  found  in 
War  Diary  of  8  Sep. 


&- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
9  Sep.  1942 

IV.  The  Italian  Admiral  attached  to  the  Naval  Staff  requested  the 
British  operations  order  for  the  Dieppe  action.   The  Operations  Staff, 
Arned  Forces  High  Command  agrees  to  the  Naval  Staff's  proposal  to  com- 
ply with  this  request. 


Situation  9  Sep.  1942 

I.   War  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.  Enemy  Situation; 

South  Atlantic: 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  the  MALAYA  and  WARSPITE 
with  4  destroyers  have  been  at  Freetown  since  7  Sep. 

As  far  as  the  MALAYA  is  concerned,  the  report  is 
evidently  erroneous,  since  this  battleship  was  observed 
at  Gibraltar  by  the  Intelligence  Center,  Spain.   The 
RAMILLIES  was  probably  mistakenly  identified  as  the 
MALAYA. 

Indian  Ocean: 

According  to  a  source  so  far  unproved,  a  heavily  escorted 
convoy  from  the  U.S.  and  the  British  Isles  is  expected  to  arrive  in 
Egypt  via  the  Cape  at  the  end  of  September. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

On  8  Sep.  at  2116,  ship  "28"  reported  by  short  signal:   "I 
am  in  large  quadrant  GQ.   Weather  at  rendezvous  point  unfavorable. 
Planning  to  proceed  immediately  to  waiting  area  "Komponisten"  for 
overhaul.   Awaiting  supply  ship."  The  last  garbled  group  is  interpreted: 
meeting  point  "Schubert". 

The  Naval  Staff  acknowledges   receipt  with  Radiogram  0141. 

The  Naval  Staff  informs  ship  "10"  by  Radiogram  0840  that  the  KULMER- 
LAND  left  Dairen  on  26  Aug.  and  will  pass  point  "Saale"  probably  on 
10  Sep.,  from  where  she  will  proceed  by  way  of  a  point  10°  east  and  2° 
south  of  point  "Orleans".   It  is  not  contemplated  to  have  her  meet 
ship  "10". 

The  poor  prospects  in  the  former  zone  of  operation  of  ship  "10" 
were  known  to  the  Naval  Staff,  but  had  to  be  accepted  in  view  of  the 
delay  in  learning  the  Japanese  intentions.   The  Japanese  reply  to  the 
repeated  requests  concerning  the  zone  of  operations  was  only  received 
on  7  Sep.   Ship  "10" 's  request  to  be  dismissed  to  Japan  was  granted  on 
7  Sep.  by  Radiogram  1156.  "  The  date  of  5  Sep.  fixed  by  Radiogram  0440 
has  thus  been  extended  to  20  Sep.   Notification  to  this  effect  is 
transmitted  to  ship  "10"  by  Radiogram  2209. 

Ship  "23"  is  informed  by  Radiogram  2314  that  the  TANNENFELS  will  ar- 
rive on  21  Sod.  from  Japan  for  the  delivery  of  provisions  at  a  point 
3°  south  of  point  "Schubert".   She  v/ill  probably  be  able  to  take  over 
prisoners.   Ship  "23"  is  instructed  to  dismiss  the  TANNENFELS  to 
Europe  upon  completion  of  supply  delivery  and  to  report  the  date  of  her 
dismissal  when  convenient. 


04- 


8-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 

i 


9  Sep.  1942 


• 


Complying  with  ship  "28"' s  request,  the  TANNENPELS  will  receive  orders 
to  be  at  point  "Schubert"  every  day  beginning  18  Sep.   The  Naval  Staff 
has  no  objection  to  ship  "28"  overhauling  in  the  "Komponisten"  area; 
she  is  advised  to  this  effect  by  Radiogram  1504  and  instructed  to  send 
the  TANNENPELS  to  the  rendezvous  with  ship  "23"  at  a  point  3°  south  of 
point  "Schubert"  following  the  delivery  of  supplies. 

The  KULMERLAND  is  instructed  to  head  from  point  "Rose"  directly  to 
point  "Kurzwellensender"  without  touching  point  "Kurzschluss".   See 
Radiogram  1342. 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  is  advised  that  the  REGENSBURG  is  to  head 
directly  for  point  "Rechenstab"  without  touching  point  "Register- 
behoerde"  because  the  alternate  course  suggested  by  her  captain  would 
come  too  close  to  a  zone  of  heavy  traffic.   See  Telegram  2245. 

All  ships  in  foreign  waters  are  advised  by  Radiogram  0522  about  the 
position  on  7  Sep.  of  "KirschblueteV  at  the  equator  and  22°  W;  informa- 
tion about  the  domestic  Spanish  situation  and  the  development  of 
German-French  relations  was  sent  by  Radiogram  2147. 

Enemy  situation  report  by  Radiogram  0432. 


II..  Situation  West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation; 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Spain,  2  British 
or  U.S.  light  cruisers  on  an  easterly  course  were  sighted  between  La 
Coruna  and  Cape  Prior.   An  inquiry  at  the  Spanish  Naval  Staff  de- 
termined that  these  cannot  be  Spanish  ships. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast: 

The  WESERLAND  reported  at  1716  by  short  signal  from  position 
8  W  that  she  had  been  attacked  by  planes  at  1500.   The  signal's  cod- 
ing seems  to  Indicate  that  the  vessel  is  undamaged. 

Group  West  confirms  the  report  by  Radiogram  1929  and  adds:   "We  assume 
that  contact  was  lost  and  ship  is  continuing  her  voyage." 

The  UCKERMARK  and  SPICHERN  sailed  according  to  plan. 

As  reported  by  Group  West,  the  PIETRO  0RSE0L0  will  definitely  be  ready 
for  operations  on  15  Sep.   During  the  first  3  days  her  speed  will  be 
16  knots;  the  continuous  speed  for  the  entire  voyage  will  be  14  knots. 

A  mine  detonation  outside  the  fairv/ay  was  observed  in  the  inner  road- 
stead of  St.  Nazaire. 

Channel  Coast: 

Mine-exploding  vessels  swept  2  ground  mines  at  point  "228" 
on  route  "Herz".   A  convoy  headed  for  the  Channel  Islands  was  attacked 
by  20  enemy  planes  between  Cape  de  la  Hague  and  Alderney.   1  motor 
coaster  was  sunk.   Mine-laying  operation  "Finale"  and  a  mine-laying 


1*5- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
9  Sep.  1942 

mission  of  the  5th  PT  Boat  Flotilla  are  scheduled  for  the  night  of  9 
Sep. 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.  North  Sea: 

Enemy  reconnaissance  planes  flew  over  the  area  of  the  Ems 
River  mouth  at  noon.   The  Swedish  steamer  TYNNINGOE  which  sank  on  8 
Sep.  was  not  equipped  with  degaussing  gear  nor  was  she  demagnetized, 
but  was  proceeding  in  the  wake  of  a  mine-exploding  vessel.   A  ground 
mine  was  swept  off  Borkum.   Convoy  and  patrol  services  in  the  area  of 
the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  North  proceeded  according  to  plan. 

2.  Norway: 

Enemy  Situation: 

The  Japanese  Military  Attache  at  Stockholm  reports  that  the 
Swedish  General  Staff  expects  an  enemy  landing  in  Norway  to  take  place 
during  the  current  year.   Apart  from  British  forces,  also  Norwegian 
and  U.S.  units  are  allegedly  in  readiness  for  this  purpose  at  Inverness 
in  northern  Scotland  and  on  the  Orkney  Islands. 

Air  reconnaissance  on  the  approaches  to  the  Norwegian  west  coast  was 
livelier  than  in  recent  days. 

Own  Situation: 

An  enemy  air  attack  on  a  group  of  subchasers  off  Vardoe  on 
8  Sep.  was  unsuccessful.   Enemy  planes  were  active  on  the  evening  of 
8  Sep.  in  the  west  coast  area.   The  destroyers  STIINBRINCK  and 
ECKOLDT  sailed  for  Narvik  from  Kirkenes. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  is  once  more  requested  to  assign  mine- 
exploding  vessel  "181",  because  vessel  "139",  the  only  other  one  avail- 
able, requires  shipyard  repairs.   I.'ine  protection  of  the  fleet 
anchorages  and  of  the  approaches  in  the  Narvik  and  Trondheim  areas  can 
be  furnished  reliably  only  by  mine -exploding  gear.   (See  Telegra.-  1300.) 

3.  Arctic  Oceans 

Enemy  Situation: 

According  to  air  reconnaissance,  convoy  PQ  18,  consisting  of 
35  merchant  vessels  under  escort  of  1  battleship,  2  cruisers,  and  6 
patrol  vessels,  was  located  at  noon  in  quadrant  AE  1240.   Approximately 
at  the  same  time  reconnaissance  planes  reported  a  force  of  1  battle- 
ship, 1  aircraft  carrier,  and  9  cruisers  or  destroyers  in  quadrant  AE 
2550  and  a  force  of  1  heavy  cruiser  and  10  destroyers  in  quadrant  AA 
9710.   Both  forces  were  reported  apparently  on  identical  courses  (330° 
and  340°).   In  view  of  the  relatively  small  difference  between  these 
positions  there  is  a  possibility  that  the  forces  reported  as  two  are 
actually  identical. 

The  5th  Destroyer  Flotilla  sighted  a  diving  submarine  in  quadrant  AC 
7229  at  2326  on  8  Sep. 


, 1  B-1052 

■toi-  • 


CONFIDENTIAL 
9  Sep.  1942 

Own  Situation: 

The  5th  Destroyer  Flotilla  completed  operations  "Romanow"  and 
"Zarewitsch"  according  to  plan. 

In  accordance  with  the  new  instructions  (see  War  Diary  8  Sep.)  the  Com- 
manding Admiral,  Cruisers  transferred  from  the  TIRPITZ  to  the  HIPPER. 

In  view  of  the  overall  situation,  Group  North  does  not  anticipate  that 
the  TIRPITZ  will  be  permitted  to  take  part  in  the  operation  on  account 
of  existing  restrictions;  the  battleship  is  therefore  instructed  to 
stand  by  at  Narvik  in  order  to  avoid  waste  of  fuel.   In  accordance  with 
the  Naval  Staff's  suggestion,  the  5th  Air  Force  is  advised  by  Group 
North  that  the  effectiveness  of  enemy  escort  forces  will  be  decisively 
affected  if  any  tankers  sailing  in  convoy  PQ  18  are  put  out  of  com- 
mission at  an  early  stage. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  intends  to  station  the  4  submarines 
sailing  from  Kiel  on  10  Sep.  in  the  Denmark  Strait  approximately  in  the 
area  of  quadrants  AE  10,  AD  20  and  farther  south  to  AE  47,  where  they 
are  to  intercept  convoy  QP  14  as  suggested  by  Group  North.   He  there- 
fore requests  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  and  Group  North,  with  copy  to 
the  Naval  Staff,  to  forward  all  air  reconnaissance  reports  speedily  and 
continually. 

5  submarines  of  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  are  ordered  to  take  up  the 
following  5  positions:   quadrants  AB  1790,  4210,  4250,  the  southern 
third  of  AB  32  and  the  northern  third  of  AB  35,  and  the  central  and 
southern  thirds  of  AB. 

Submarine  U  "601"  belonging  to  the  group  of  3  submarines  assigned  to 
the  eastern  Arctic  Ocean  is  ordered  to  assume  position  in  quadrant  AT 
north  of  the  entrance  to  Matochkin  Strait  by  15  Sep. 

Special  Items: 

The  Chief  of  the  Naval  Liaison  Staff,  Finland  conferred  some  time  ago 
upon  his  own  initiative  with  the  Commander  in  Chief  of  the  Finnish  Navy 
about  the  possibility  of  using  a  number  of  Finnish  submarines  for  Ger- 
man operations  in  the  Arctic  Ocean  from  bases  in  northern  Norway. 
Finnish  Headquarters  objected,  principally  on  account  of  the  technical 
inadequacy  of  Finnish  submarines.   Group  North  supported  the  suggestion 
made  by  the  Chief  of  the  Naval  Liaison  Staff,  Finland  to  submit  the 
matter  to  the  decision  of  a  higher  authority. 

The  Naval  Staff  Submarine  Division  checked  on  the  possibilities  of  pro- 
viding the  necessary  replacements  and  bases  and  arrived  at  the  follow- 
ing conclusions: 

a.  German  shipyard  workers  could  only  be  supplied  at  the  expense 
of  repairs  of  superior  German  submarines. 

b.  Spare  parts,  machinery,  and  special  supplies  are  unavailable 
at  Finnish  shipyards  in  the  quantities  required,  and  since 
some  of  them  were  manufactured  by  German  firms,  the  replace- 
ments would  have  to  come  from  Germany.   This,  in  turn,  would 
put  an  additional  burden  on  German  industry  because  the  parts 
in  question  are  generally  not  made  in  mass  production. 

c.  No  difficulties  are  seen  with  regard  to  bases. 


-Lq7- 


B-1052 


CONFIDEHTIAL 
9  Sep.  1942 

The  Naval  Staff  is  convinced  that  the  above-nentioned  difficulties  are 
not  in  proportion  with  the  gain  which  can  be  expected,  all  the  more 
since  the  range  of  operation  of  the  Finnish  submarines  is  small  and  be- 
cause since  they  are  overaged  frequent  breakdowns  and  repairs  are 
probable.   Besides,  3  submarines  of  limited  usefulness  offer  no  par- 
ticular advantage  in  view  of  the  number  of  operational  submarines  now 
being  delivered  every  month. 

Group  North  is  therefore  advised  that  the  idea  of  using  Finnish  sub- 
marines in  the  Arctic  Ocean  is  dismissed.   The  Chief  of  Naval  Liaison 
Staff,  Finland  is  informed  to  this  effect  by  way  of  the  Naval  Attache. 


IV.   Skagerrak,  3altic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

No thing  to  report  from  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  De- 
fenses, Baltic  Sea.   Minefield  "Nashorn  14"  was  laid  according  to  plan 
in  the  area  of  the  Commander,  Minesweepers,  Baltic  Sea. 

Mine -searching  operations  were  hampered  by  bad  weather.   Convoys  and 
transports  proceeded  according  to  plan.   Steamer  LEDA,  replacing 
steamer  ILLER,  sailed  from  Danzig. 


V.    Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  in  the  Bay  of  Biscay  was  carried  out  by 
38  planes.   2  reports  about  sighting  submarines  were  intercepted  from 
this  area,  3  from  the  U.S.  east  coast  and  1  from  the  West  Indies. 

According  to  intelligence  reports  from  Portugal,  a  British  passenger 
plane  sighted  a  convoy  of  approximately  40  British  and  U.S.  ships  on  a 
southerly  course  on  the  morning  of  6  Sep.  about  150  miles  west  of  Cape 
St.  Vincent;  the  convoy  carried  troops  and  was  escorted  by  2  aircraft 
carriers,  cruisers,  and  destroyers. 

Moreover,  a  convoy  is  expected  at  Lisbon  between  9  and  11  Sep.  which 
will  reportedly  be  strongly  escorted  In  view  of  the  German  submarines 
operating  in  Portuguese  waters.   Several  British  steamers  lying  at  Lis- 
bon will  allegedly  sail  directly  for  the  British  Isles. 

2.  Own  Situation; 

2  more  submarines  are  en  route  to  the  zone  of  operations. 
For  operations  of  the  Norwegian  submarines  see  Situation,  Arctic  Ocean. 

In  the  North  Atlantic,  Group  "Vorwaerts"  made  contact  with  a  westbound 
convoy  of  11  to  15  steamers  in  quadrant  AL  7463. 

Submarine  0  "755"  of  Group  "Loss"  sank  a  U.S.  auxiliary  cruiser  of  3,000 
GRT  in  quadrant  AJ  9727;  the  ship  was  armed  with  four  10.5  cm  guns. 

Upon  her  return  to  base,  submarine  U  "510"  reports  a  suspected  sub- 
chaser force  in  quadrant  BE  7923. 

-fol- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
9  Sep.  1942 

Submarine  U  "66",  returning  from  the  western  North  Atlantic,  sank  the 
Swedish  steamer  PEIPING  (6,390  GRT )  in  quadrant  DQ  18. 

No  reports  about  achievements  in  other  zones  of  operation  have  been  re- 
ceived. 

Additional  reports  in  supplement  to  submarine  situation,  War  Diary, 
Part  B,  Vol.  IV. 

Special  Items: 

a.  The  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  points  to  5  instances  which 
have  occurred  since  16  Jun.,  in  which  enemy  planes  succeeded  in  forcing 
us  to  abandon  favorably  progressing  submarine  operations  within  the 
range  of  our  He  177  planes;  he  also  points  out  the  possibilities  which 
would  have  offered  themselves  if  German  planes  of  this  type  could  have 
intervened.   The  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  is  convinced  of  the  ab- 
solute necessity  of  making  available  He  177' s,  the  only  plane  type 
suitable  for  this  purpose,  as  quickly  as  possible  and  not  after  a  delay 
of  months,  so  that  the  planes  may  cooperate  in  combatting  enemy  con- 
voys.  The  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  therefore  asks  the  Naval  Staff 
and  the  Air  Commander,  Atlantic  Coast  to  request  the  assignment  of  the 
first  available  squadron  of  He  177  planes  to  the  Air  Command,  Atlantic 
Coast  for  the  above  purpose,  and  calls  attention  to  the  old  promise  that 
the  first  He  177' s  would  be  placed  at  his  disposal  for  the  support  of 
submarine  v/arfare. 

For  copy  of  telegram  see  l/Skl  22271/42  Gkdos.  in  War  Diary,  Part  C, 
Vol.  IV. 

The  above  request  meets  with  the  full  approval  of  the 
Naval  Staff.   If  the  appearance  on  the  scene  of  He  177 
planes  will  force  the  enemy  to  shift  his  convoy  routes 
further  west  beyond  their  range,  this  would  at  least  re- 
lieve our  submarines  to  a  large  extent  from  interference 
by  enemy  planes  which  must  take  off  from  a  Briti  sh  home 
base  or  from  Gibraltar.   The  proposal  of  the  Commanding 
Admiral,  Submarines  will  be  followed  up. 

b.  The  Naval  Staff  instructs  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines 

to  submit  an  analysis  of  the  situation  and  plans  for  the  use  of  SKA  mines 
On  this  occasion  the  Naval  Staff  emphasizes  the  necessity  of  notifying 
the  Naval  Staff  in  time  whenever  submarine  operations  are  planned  as  a 
consequence  of  information  received.   The  Naval  Staff  must  know  the 
opinion  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  concerning  planned  opera- 
tions, as  for  instance  the  shift  of  emphasis  to  the  fighting  of  convoys 
and  the  motivation  for  his  steps  prior  to  their  execution.  This  applies 
also  to  special  measures  which  may  have  special  consequences  (e.g.,  of  a 
political  nature). 


VI.   Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity: 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Incursions : 

In- the   evening  of  9   Sep.,    10   enemy  planes   concentrated 


-09- 


B-1052 


confide:itial 


9  Sep.  1942 


Osnabrueck.   Regarding  the  attack  on  a  German  convoy  off  the  Channel 
Islands  see  Situation  West  Area. 

During  the  night  of  9  Sep.  there  were  110  enemy  incursions  into  German 
territory,  about  70  of  them  from  the  east.   In  the  east  they  penetrated 
as  far  as  Memel,  Ruegen,  Gablenz,  Prague,  Lemberg,  Hungary;  in  the  west, 
Heligoland,  eastern  Friesland,  Skagen,  Denmark.   They  did  not  concentrate 
on  a  particular  target.   Only  a  few  bombs  were  dropped.   2  or  3  planes 
reached  Berlin  from  the  east.   No  enemy  planes  were  shot  down. 


3. 


Mediterranean  Theater: 


199  planes  were  observed  on  the  Valletta  airfield, 
nothing  to  report. 


Otherwise 


4. 


Eastern  Front: 


111  enemy  planes  were  shot  down  on  the  Eastern  Front.   Recon- 
naissance missions  were  flown  over  the  Black  Sea,  the  Caspian  Sea,  and 
the  Arctic  Ocean. 


VII.  Warfare  in  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1.  Enemy  Situation,  Mediterranean: 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Spain,  preparations 
for  the  embarkation  of  troops  are  being  made  at  Gibraltar.   Details  were 
not  yet  reported. 

Air  reconnaissance  observed  3  submarines,  3  mine  sweepers  and  3  patrol 
vessels  at  Valletta,  in  addition  to  the  merchant  vessels  and  tankers 
previously  reported.   3  medium  large  steamers  escorted  by  4  patrol 
vessels  were  sighted  in  the  eastern  Mediterranean  during  the  forenoon 
50  miles  north-northeast  of  Port  Said  on  an  easterly  course,  and  at  noon 
2  destroyers  on  an  unidentified  course  50  miles  west  of  Haifa. 

According  to  a  Portuguese  report,  a  convoy  of  19  British  and  U.S. 
steamers  with  food,  ammunition  and  troops  for  Malta  arrived  at  Port 
Said  on  3  Sep.   It  is  asserted  that  the  convoy  will  receive  an  escort 
of  15  warships  at  Alexandria.   The  sailing  date  was  not  disclosed. 

This  report  may  well  be  correct.   It  would  confirm  and 
supplement  a  report  of  the  Attache  at  Rome,  according  to 
which  it  will  be  attempted  to  force  a  supply  convoy 
through  to  Malta  under  all  circumstances.   (See  War 
Diary  of  7  Sep. ) 

According  to  another  intelligence  report,  it  has  been  established  that 
a  number  of  old  torpedo  boats  converted  into  anti-aircraft  vessels  were 
at  Haifa  in  the  middle  of  August;  these  ships  carry  up  to  10  anti- 
aircraft guns  and  machine  gun3  each,  in  place  of  their  dismantled  tor- 
pedo tubes. 

2,  Own  Situation,  Mediterranean: 

On  7  Sep.,  2  British  aerial  mines  were  swept  near  Marsa 
Matruh  by  means  of  towed  coil  gear.   An  enemy  air  raid  on  Marsa  Matruh 


•■130- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
9  Sep.  1942 

during  the  night  of  7  Sep.  caused  no  damage  in  the  harbor. 

The  damaged  Italian  destroyer  FUCILIERE  anchored  at  the  Cape  Krio  (Crete) 
roadstead.   6  German  PT  boats  arrived  at  Augusta. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  reports  that  during 
his  absence  operations  in  North  Africa  will  temporarily  be  controlled 
from  there.  The  permanent  solution  would  require  assigning  2  staff 
officers  to  the  Naval  Commands,  North  Africa  at  Tobruk  and  Marsa  Matruh. 
(See  Telegram  1145.) 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa 

German  anti-aircraft  artillery  on  board  the  motor  ship 
SESTHIERE  reported  shooting  down  an  enemy  plane  on  8  Sep.   During  the 
night  of  8  Sep.  the  convoy  to  Tobruk  and  Benghazi  consisting  of  steamers 
ISEO  and  KALLIOPI  was  unsuccessfully  attacked  by  bombers  north  of  Derna . 
Otherwise  supply  shipments  proceeded  according  to  plan  and  without  in- 
terference. 

The  3  minesweepers  which  arrived  at  North  African  per  ts  on  8  Sep. 

carried  281  men,  307  vehicles,  11  guns,  15  anti-tank  guns,  7  tanks  and 

4,144  tons  of  Armed  Forces  supplies,  including  1,500  tons  of  fuel  for 
German  units. 

4.  Area  Naval  Groun  South: 

Aegean  Sea; 

Group  South  believes  that  the  enemy  submarine  reported  on  C 
Sep.  destroyed  by  an  Italian  torpedo  boat  is  nothing  but  a  submerged 
wreck  of  a  ship  with  an  oil  cargo  located  by  search  gear  and  attacked  by 
depth  bombs. 

Convoy  traffic  according  to  plan. 

Black  Sea: 

Enemy  Situation: 

It  was  observed  from  land  that  strong  Russian  forces  were 
disembarked  in  the  harbor  of  Novorossisk  on  8  Sep. 

The  capture  of  Novorossisk,  reported  on  6  Sep.,  ap- 
parently did  not  yet  include  all  of  that  city. 

According  to  air  reconnaissance  of  the  forenoon  of  9   Sep.,  the  number 
of  coastal  craft  in  the  harbor  of  Gelendzhik  has  increased.  A  large 
number  of  light  ships  (PT  boats  and  motor  mine  sweepers)  were  observed 
in  the  waters  off  Novorossisk. 

The  Naval  Staff  Intelligence  Division  issued  a  report  on  data  in  connec- 
tion with  the  situation  in  the  U.S.S.R.   It  contains  information  about 
the  Russian  submarines  and  mine  sweepers  in  the  Caspian  Sea  and  about 
transport  facilities  on  the  Caspian  Sea  routes  Baku-Gurev,  Baku- 
Krasnovodsk  and  from  Persian  ports  to  Krasnovodsk.   For  copy  see  l/Skl 
30718  geh.  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XI Va. 

Own  Situation: 

On  the  evening  of  7  Sep.  the  2  Rumanian  destroyers  escorting 
the  tank  convoy  wore  unsuccessfully  attacked  by  an  enemy  submarine  2  - 


Qi- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
9  Sep.  1942 

miles  west  of  the  Bosporus  approach  buoy.   Lively  traffic  of  small 
craft  and  patrol  vessels,  evidently  including  some  torpedo  boats,  was 
observed  in  the  Bosporus. 

An  exploratory  sweep  and  submarine  chase  carried  out  by  3  motor  mine 
sweepers  off  the  Crimean  south  coast  on  8  Sep.  had  no  results.   On  9 
Sep.  a  sweep  by  4  motor  mine  sweeoers  is  scheduled  from  Yalta  through 
the  southern  portion  of  the  Kerch  Strait  to  Anapa  in  order  to  establish 
a  mine-free  route. 

A  Croatian  motor  minesweeper  group  searched  for  mines  off  Yeisk.  Mine- 
sweeping  aircraft  swept  2  mines  off  Yeisk  on  7  Sep. 

2  Italian  subchasers  were  sunk  and  2  others  damaged  during  an  enemy  air 
raid  on  Yalta.   The  Italian  subchaser  flotilla  is  to  be  transferred  to 
Feodosiya.   A  Croatian  patrolling  pilot  vessel  sank  on  6  Sep.  after 
striking  the  German  minefield  off  Genicheek. 

3  German  PT  boats  sailed  from  Ivanbaba  to  Constanta  on  8  Sep.  for  motor 
replacement. 


Transport  and  convoy  traffic  proceeded  on  the  whole  according  to  plan. 

Up  to  and  including  8  SeD.  the  Kerch  Strait  had  been  crossed  by  8,400 
men,  3,470  horses,  and  936  vehicles.   The  ferrying  of  the  3rd  Rumanian 
Mountain  Division  will  probably  be  completed  by  the  afternoon  of  10 
Sep.   Operations  Staff  Scheurlen  was  dissolved  and  has  left. 


VIII.  Situation  East  Asia 
Nothing  to  report. 


IX.   Armv  Situation 

1.   Russian  Front; 

Armv  Group  A: 

Stubborn  fighting  for  the  dominating  positions  in  the  Novo- 
rossisk  area  continues.   South  of  Krasnodar  the  enemy  retreated  in 
southerly  direction.   The  enemy  is  successfully  defending  the  approaches 
to  Tuapse,  Klydzh  and  Mai  sky.  Enemy  pressure  continues  also  south  of 
Mozdok. 

Armv  Group  B: 

The  battle  for  the  strongly  fortified  defense  positions  of 
Stalingrad  ie  still  raging.  Heavy  enemy  pressure  on  the  northern  front 
of  the  XIV  Panzer  Corps  continues. 

Central  Army  Group; 

Strong  Russian  tank  and  infantry  forces  renewed  their  attacks 
in  the  Rzhev  area  following  a  heavy  artillery  barrage.   Enemy  units  ad- 
vancing on  both  banks  of  the  Volga  from  the  direction  of  Zubtsov  cap- 
tured a  few  villages.   With  this  exception,  all  enemy  attacks  failed. 

-^112-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
9  Sep.  1942 

Northern  Army  Group; 

Enemy  forces  which  penetrated  into  our  lines  on  8  Sep.  south  | 
of  Lake  Ladoga  were  destroyed.  An  attempt  by  strong  forces  to  cross  the 
Neva  River  south  of  Schluesselburg  did  not  succeed. 

2.  Finnish  Front : 
Nothing  to  report. 

3.  North  Africa: 

No  situation  report  of  the  Panzer  Army  was  received. 

■»H!-<hs--:hk:~:k:-^-{K5"!:"?s-:h{-:h:-!k:-::-!M!->-> 


» 


» 


-ll$- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


10  Sep.  1942 

Items  of  Political  Importance 

Great  Britain: 

The  Chancellor  of  the  Exchequer  reported  to  the  House  of  Commons  that 
the  cost  to  Great  Britain  of  the  first  3  years  of  war  amounted  to  10 
billion  pounds;  taking  into  account  the  normal  peace-time  debt  this 
figure  rises  to  12.  1  billion.   40/b  of  this  tremendous  figure  has  been 
raised  by  taxes. 

During  the  debate  about  Churchill's  address,  members  of  the  Labour 
Party  called  for  more  assistance  to  Russia.   Mr.  Bevin  came  out  for 
the  immediate  establishment  of  the  second  front  and  commented  that  the 
British  nation  has  more  confidence  in  Voroshilov's  and  Timoshenko's 
judgment  than  in  Churchill's.   Another  representative  of  the  Labour 
Party  sharply  rebuked  this  statement. 

The  London  Press  agrees  with  Churchill's  opinion  that  the  war  situa- 
tion is  slowly  improving  in  favor  of  the  Allies.   The  Times  in  par- 
ticular remarked  that  the  House  of  Commons  has  clearly  shown  that  the 
present  moment  is  not  the  time  to  criticize  the  basic  principles  of 
the  conduct  of  the  war. 

France; 

According  to  Reuter,  Washington  has  rejected  the  French  protest  agains|t 
the  bombing  of  French  cities  with  the  statement  that  such  war  measures 
have  to  be  taken.   The  U.S.  Charge  d'Affaires  announced  that  retalia- 
tory steps  against  American  residents  In  France  would  result  in  an  im- 
mediate break  of  relations. 

U.S.A.; 

Secretary  of  State  Hull  announced  that  the  U.S.  has  established  mili- 
tary bases  on  the  Galapagos  Islands  with  the  permission  of  t  he 
Ecuadorian  Government. 

Japan; 

The  Chief  of  the  Press  Department  at  Headquarters,  Colonel  Yakagi,  de- 
clared that  the  war  in  the  Pacific  will  last  very  long,  since  it  has 
grown  beyond  its  original  object  which  was  the  application  of  the  New 
Order  to  China.   Japan  is  fully  determined  to  continue  even  if  the  war 
lasts  100  years. 


Special  Items; 

I.  The  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  North  as 
naval  barges  to  serve  as  guncarriers  in  order  t 
ships  operating  in  Dutch  coastal  waters  again.st 
The  Chief  of  Staff,  Naval  Staff  decided  that  10 
should  be  converted  at  once  into  guncarriers  an 
the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  North.  The  r 
the  number  of  naval  barges  available  for  supply 
must  be  accepted.  The  Naval  Staff  Quart ermaste 
had  voiced  concern  over  this  proposal  and  sugge 
of  the  guncarriers  under  construction  for  the  C 
fenses,  West  to  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defense 


ked  for  at  least  10 
o  reinforce  the  light 

enemy  motor  gunboats. 

additional  naval  barges 
d  put  at  the  disposal  of 
esulting  reduction  of 

transports  in  Germany 
r  Division,  Fleet  Branch 
sted  allocating  3  or  4 
ommanding  Admiral,  De- 
s,  North. 


-114- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


10   Sep.    1942 


II.   According  to  an  intelligence  report,  a  naval  unit  which  cooperates 
with  the  Free  French  Navy,  has  been  recruited  from  natives  of  the 
Syrian  and  Lebanese  Republics.   It  comprises  approximately  2,000  men  who| 
received  uniforms  at  Beirut  and  were  shipped  to  Alexandria  to  join 
French  training  detachments. 


III.  Survey  of  convoys  and  transports  during  August  1942  in  the  area  of 
Group  North. 


(a)  Escorted  war- 
ships: 

(b)  Escorted  mer- 
chant vessels 


Norway 


138 


Commanding  Commanding 

Admiral    Admiral 

Defenses   Defenses 

North  Baltic  Sea 


Naval  Commander, 

Station      I.Iine- 

Baltic   Sweepers 

Baltic  Sea 


59 


48 


132 


23 


Number: 

605 

453 

GUT:         1,463 

,372 

1,004,853 

(c) 

Aerial  attacks : 
Submarine  at- 

6 

14 

tacks  : 

3 

- 

PT  boat  at- 

tacks : 

- 

1 

(d) 

Total  losses  by 

Mines: 

•  — 

5 

Bombs : 

- 

- 

Submarine  tor- 

pedoes: 

2 

- 

PT  boat  tor- 

pedoes: 

- 

- 

(e)  Mines  swept:         8 
Planes  shot  down: 
Submarines  sunk: 

PT  boats,  etc.  sunk:  - 

(f )  Number  of  trans- 
ported 

men:  10,254 

Horses:  549 

Vehicles:  1,251 
Armed  Forces  249,010 
supplies  (tons) 


72        283        347 
369,671   1,141,718   1,054,669 


140 
2 


13 


16,676 
2,398 
1,885 

23,612 


8 
3 


59 

1 


63 
275,465 


36 

1 

1 

3 

2 


25 
2 
3 
3 


63,352     56,427 


'  229 


1,044 
459,632 


For  detailed  report  of  Group  North  see  l/Skl  22118/42  Gkdos.  in  War 
Diary,  Part  B,  Vol.  V. 

IV.   Enemy  reports  compiled  from  decoded  radio  messages  and  by  radio 
monitoring  for  the  period  of  3  Aug.  to  6  Sep.  are  contained  in  Radio  In- 
telligence Report  No.  36/42  of  the  Chief  of  Naval  Communications  Divi- 
sion, Radio  Intelligence  Branch. 


-115- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
10  Sep.  1942 

Situation  10  Sep.  1942 

I.   War  In  Foreign  Waters 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

South  Atlantic : 

It  is  learned  fron  a  Japanese  source  that  a  convoy  of  47 
steamers  with  airplane  equipment  and  10,000  men  sailed  from  New  York 
on  30  Aug.  for  Para  (Brazil). 

According  to  an  Italian  report,  the  REVENGE  was  in  the  waters  off 
Durban  at  the  end  of  August. 

It  is  reported  from  Lourenco  Marques  that  a  large  convoy  sailed  from 
Capetown  on  31  Aug.  for  New  York  via  La  Plata.  The  route  is  said  to 
have  been  far  to  the  south. 

Indian  Ocean; 

The  German  Embassy  at  Paris  was  informed  by  Darlan's  office 
that  strong  Anglo-American  forces  have  been  landing  since  0400  of  10 
Sep.  on  the  west  coast  of  Madagascar;  the  operation  is  centered  at 
Majunga,  where  18  enemy  ships  have  been  counted.   There  is  strong  air 
activity.   An  attack  on  Ambanja  has  been  in  progress  since  0700.  An 
enemy  warship  disembarked  troops  at  Morondava.   Shortly  before  0700 
the  Governor  reported  that  the  French  had  offered  resistance,  but  since 
0700  all  communication  with  Madagascar  is  interrupted.   According  to 
French  opinion,  the  chances  of  successful  resistance  are  slight. 

Pacific  Ocean; 

According  to  a  Japanese  report,  1  U.S.  battleship  and  6 
cruisers  arrived  in  the  Canal  Zone  for  transfer  to  the  Pacific. 

The  Japanese  Military  Attache  reports  from  Kuibyshev  that  30  Russian 
steamers  proceeded  west  over  the  northern  route  between  29  Jun.  and  16 
Jul.;  9  more  left  on  10  Aug.  with  the  icebreaker  MIK0YAN  and  another 
4  on  24  Aug. 

This  v/ould  permit  a  considerable  supply  flow  to  Russia 
and  proves  the  necessity  of  our  conducting  operations 
like  "Wunderland"  as  soon  as  the  season  permits. 

2.  Own  Situation; 

The  Naval  Staff  informs  ship  "10"  by  Radiogram  2207  that  the 
DRESDEN  sailed  from  Saigon  on  8  Sep.,  will  pass  point  "Saale"  around  15 
Sep.  and  has  received  the  same  sailing  instructions  as  the  KULKERLAND . 

The  Attache  at  Tokyo  reports  the  sailing  of  REGENSBURG  on  9  Sep.  from 
Yokohama  via  Kobe  and  Batavia,  and  that  she  will  leave  Singapore 
probably  on  8  Oct.   The  ship  is  equipped  to  accommodate  150  prisoners 
of  v/ar.   (See  Telegram  1900.) 

The  Naval  Staff  agrees  to  let  the  Japanese  have  the  requested  torpedoes 
and  mines  and  has  no  objections  to  instructing  them  in  their  use.   The 
Attache  at  Tokyo  is  advised  to  this  effect. 

Enemy  situation  report  by  Radiogram  1937. 


06- 


B-1052 


.    CONFIDENTIAL 
10  Sep.    1942 

II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  revealed  lively  traffic  of  steamers  and 
small  warships  in  the  Channel  area. 

According  to  radio  monitoring  the  escort  vessels  ALBRIGHTON  and 
GLAISDALE  which  took  part  in  the  Dieppe  raid  left  Portsmouth  in  the 
evening. 

A'  British  plane  reported  at  2138  of  9  Sep.  an  attack  on  a  NARVIK-clasa 
ship  11  miles  west  of  Cape  Vilano.  The  message  was  rebroadcast  to  all 
ships  in  home  waters. 

At  1020  an  escort  ship  of  an  SL  convoy  reported  the  presence  of  a 
shadowing  plane  from  quadrant  BE  5256;  the  ship  was  on  a  course  of  9° 
and  was  proceeding  at  7  knots. 

2.  Own  Situation; 

Atlantic  Coast: 

Reconnaissance  in  a  westerly  direction  was  carried  out  in 
the  evening;  the  enemy  was  not  sighted.   Group  V/est  informs  the  WESER- 
LAND  of  this  fact  and  also  transmits  the  weather  forecast  for  the  area 
around  43°  N  15°  W,  according  to  which  mostly  cloudy  skies  and  possible 
fog  are  to  be  expected.   The  other  2  blockade  runners  can  figure  on 
about  10  miles  visibility  in  the  southern  portion  of  the  Bay  of  Bis- 
cay. At  2015  the  WESERLAND  reported  from  15°  30'  W  that  she  was  being 
pursued  by  a  hydroplane  around  2000.   The  grouping  of  the  signal  was 
interpreted  as  on  previous  occasions  to  indicate  that  the  ship  was  so 
far  undamaged. 

Group  West  acknowledged  receipt  of  the  message  and  transmitted  a  re- 
port sent  by  a  British  plane  to  Gibraltar  concerning  a  merchant 
vessel  of  less  than  10,000  GRT  observed  at  42°  05'  N  on  a  235°  course 
proceeding  at  10  knots.   See  Radiogram  1815. 

Supply  ship  BRAKE  sailed  according  to  plan.   For  barrage  report  con- 
cerning the  entrance  to  Brest  naval  base  see  Telegram  2225» 

Channel  Coast: 

The  mine-laying  mission  of  the  5th  PT  Boat  Flotilla  and  min- 
ing operation  "Finale"  were  executed  according  to  plan  during  the 
night  of  9  Sep. 

Torpedo  operations  of  the  2nd,  4th  and  6th  PT  Boat  Flotillas  are 
scheduled  for  the  night  of  10  Sep. 

The  motor  tanker  HEXE  hit  an  underwater  obstruction  off  Nieuport  and 
sank.   During  an  attack  on  the  Channel  Island  convoy  on  9  Sep.,  one  of 
the  attackers  was  shot  down  for  sure  and  a  second  one  probably,  by 
patrol  vessels. 

A  belated  report  about  the  convoy  action  off  Etaples  during  the  night 
of  7  Sep.  tells  of  the  probable  destruction  of  an  enemy  PT  boat  and  of 
damage  to  several  others.   The  enemy  attacked  8  times  and  our  ships 
successfully  dodged  5  torpedoes. 


-E3?- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


10  Sep.    1942 


y.i.ne -laying  operations  "NachtM  and  "Falter"  (cutter  float  barrage  and 
minefield  in  the  northern  portion  of  the  Seine  Bay)  are  scheduled  for 
the  night  of  10  Sep. 

The  office  of  the  Admiral,  Amphibious  Forces  is  established  at  Antwerp 
as  of  10  Sep. 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.    North  Sea: 

Enemy  Situation; 

Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situation: 

Enemy  planes  flew  over  the  coastal  area  of  the  German  Bight 
during  the  night  of  9  Sep.  and  mine-laying  is  suspected  north  of  the 
'.'.'est  Frisian  Islands.   Enemy  planes  flew  over  Schleswig-Holstein  and 
Jutland  into  the  Baltic  Sea  entrances  and  the  Baltic  Sea.   Night   , 
fighters  shot  down  1  plane  northwest  of  Nissum  Fjord.   A  convoy  off 
Schiermonnikocg  was  bombed  without  result.   The  15th  Mine  Sweeper 
Flotilla  swept  3  mines.   Convoy  service  on  schedule. 


2.  Norway; 

On  9  Sep.  Liinahamari  harbor  was  shelled  by  a  Russian 
battery  on  Hybachi  Peninsula  but  no  damage  was  caused.   Army  Coastal 
Battery  1/773  returned  the  fire.   A  Norwegian  trawler  was  unsuccess- 
fully bombed  and  strafed  by  a  Russian  plane  off  Kavningsberg  on  7  Sep. 
There  was  enemy  air  activity  over  the  Arctic  Coast  on  8  Sep.  and  over 
the  Stavanger  area  on  the  west  coast  on  9  Sep. 

The  request  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  for  allocation  of  a 
mine-exploding  vessel  (see  War  Diary  of  9  Sep.)  is  rejected  by  Group 
North  which  decides  that  the  protection  of  the  fleet  anchorages  and 
approaches  against  ground  mines  must  be  effected  by  means  of  towed  re- 
mote clearance  gear.   For  details  see  Telegram  1617. 

Group  North  agrees  to  the  suggested  laying  of  a  new  minefield  in 
L'alanger  Fjord  (see  V.'ar  Diary  of  7  Sep.).   It  remains  to  be  decided 
whether  the  minefield  should  be  laid  right  away  or  is  to  be  delayed 
until  the  arrival  of  deep  water  cutter  floats. 

3.  Arctic  Ocean: 

Enemy  Situation: 

5  to  7  British  ships  were  located  on  9  Sep.  by  radio  monitor- 
ing in  the  southern  exit  of  Gorlo  Strait  and  in  the  Archangel  area.  2 
Russian  submarines  and  probably  3  other  submarines  were  at  sea. 

At  1510  a  British  ship  reported  sighting  1  battleship,  1  cruiser,  and 
6  destroyers  in  quadrant  A3  9884.   The  reporting  ship  was  definitely 
established  as  a  submarine.   It  is  interesting  that  the  message  was 
coded  in  a  key  which  had  thus  far  not  been  used  by  submarines.   The 
force  was  first  reported  on  a  100°  course  and  thereafter  on  a  270° 
course. 


08- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
10  Sep.  1942 

Radio  monitoring  also  intercepted  a  report  of  the  95th  Air  Regiment  of 
9  Sep.  at  2323,  according  to  which  the  operations  group  had  executed 
on  8  Sep.  11  missions  to  locate  convoys  and  to  establish  the  presence 
of  submarines.   A  total  of  6  vessels  was  mentioned  in  the  report. 
Positions  could  not  be  decoded. 

Today's  air  reconnaissance  was  unable  to  locate  convoys  PQ  18  and  QP 
14. 

Surveying  the  enemy  plane  situation  of  9  Sep.,  the  Admiral,  Arctic 
Ocean  states  that,  as  shown  by  aerial  photos,  the  number  of  planes  on 
airfields  in  the  Murmansk  area  as  far  as  Niva  has  increased  perceptibly. 
Likewise,  a  considerable  increase  in  the  number  of  fighter  planes  has 
been  noted  in  spite  of  the  fact  that  the  figure  of  planes  shot  down  is 
consistently  high.   According  to  prisoner  statements,  2  squadrons  were1 
transferred  to  the  Murmansk  area  early  in  September  after  having  been 
trained  mostly  for  the  use  of  torpedoes.   This  measure  indicates  the 
intention  of  protecting  convoy  shipping  to  a  large  extent  by  air 
forces.   Reconnoitering  of  the  Iceland  coastal  areas  has  become  dif- 
ficult due  to  increased  anti-aircraft  defenses.   The  improvement  of 
airfields  in  the  area  Iokanga -Western  Channel-Cape  Kanin  and  the  in- 
crease of  planes  based  on  them  point  to  the  fact  that  the  convoy  route 
to  Archangel  along  the  west  coast  of  Novaya  Zemlya  is  being  protected 
by  air  forces.   Ship  traffic  observed  between  the  western  channel  and 
Byelushya  Bay  leads  to  the  assumption  that  another  air  base  is  under 
construction  at  Byelushya. 

Own  Situation; 

The  task  force  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Cruisers  was 
spotted  by  the  enemy  while  emerging  from  the  Grimsoestraumen  and  the 
Gavle  Fjord,  as  established  by  the  radio  intercept  service  (see  Enemy 
Situation).   The  British  submarine  fired  a  four-fan  at  the  task  force 
in  quadrant  AB  985848;  all  4  torpedoes  v/ere  end-of-run  detonators.   No 
further  incident  of  importance  occurred  during  the  remainder  of  the 
task  force's  transfer  to  Kaa  Fjord. 

The  Naval  Staff  submits  the  following  analysis  of  the  information  ob- 
tained from  air  reconnaissance  concerning  convoy  PQ,  18  to  the 
Fuehrer  Headquarters,  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command  and  the  Operations 
Staff,  Air  Force. 

Convoy  PQ  18  assembled  on  8  and  9  Sep.  north  of  Iceland;  it  consists 
of  35  vessels  and  is  protected  by  1  or  2  battleships,  3  or  4  cruisers, 
approximately  15  destroyers  and  possibly  also  by  1  auxiliary  aircraft 
carrier.   So  far,  nothing  is  known  about  the  whereabouts  of  the  heavy 
covering  force  which  must  be  counted  on  to  consist  of  1  or  2  aircraft 
carriers  and  1  or  more  battleships.   It  could  not  yet  be  established 
whether  convoy  QP  14  got  under  way.   For  copy  of  telegram  see  l/Skl  I 
op  22336/42  Gkdos.  in  file  "Operations  'Eispalast'  and  'Meisenbalz  '. " 

The  same  commands  were  also  informed  about  the  measures  taken  against 
convoys  PQ  18  and  QP  14  as  reported  by  Group  North,  namely: 

(1)  Transfer  of  HIPPER  with  Commanding  Admiral,  Cruisers  on  boarid, 
SCHEER,  KOELN  and  5  destroyers  from  Bogen  Bay  to  Kaa  Fjord,  where  they 
are  scheduled  to  arrive  on  11  Sep.  at  0500. 

(2)  Transfer  of  torpedo  boats  T  "9"  and  "12"  from  Trondheim  to 
Narvik  where  they  will  be  at  the  disposal  of  the  TIRPITZ.   The  de- 
stroyers ECKOLDT  and  STEINBRINCK  will  probably  arrive  at  Narvik  onll 
Sep«— from  Kirkenes  «nd  they,  too,  will  be  at  the  disposal"  of ~ the  TIRPITZ. 


-B- 


B-1052 


:  ::t:l.l::i:.-.i 

10  Sep.  1942 

(3)  Submarines  U  "88",  0  "403",  and  U  "405"  are  en  route  from 
the  Spitsbergen  and  Bear  Island  area  to  a  patrol  line  extending 
through  quadrants  A3  1790,  4210,  and  4250.   En  route  the  zone  of  op- 
erations are  the  submarines  U  "589",  U  "377",  0  "408",  and  U  "592". 
The  submarines  U  "435"  and  U  "457"  will  probably  be  ready  for  opera- 
tions by  12  Sep.  at  Narvik,  and  U  "378"  at  Trondheim.   Submarine 

U  "703"  is  at  Harstadt  on  a  brief  stay  for  refueling.   The  total  num- 
ber of  submarines  is  11. 

(4)  4  submarines  will  operate  against  convoy  QP  14:  U  "255"  In 
quadrant  AC  96  following  refueling,  U  "601"  in  quadrant  AT  17 
probably  after  15  Sep.,  U  "456"  at  the  V.hite  Sea  entrance;  TJ  "251", 
following  refueling  at  Kirkenes,  will  be  disposed  as  required  by  the 
situation  at  that  time. 

The  fact  that  the  task  force  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Cruisers  was 
spotted  that  early  by  a  British  submarine  and  unsuccessfully  attacked 
by  the  latter  proves  once  more  that  the  Arctic  area  is  greatly  im- 
periled by  submarines,  particularly  when  enemy  convoys  are  under  way. 
Group  North  therefore  orders  the  intensification  of  uninterrupted 
surveillance  of  the  entrances  and  exits  of  the  inter-island  channels 
and  of  the  entire  route  outside  the  islands  when  warships  are  being 
transferred.   For  copy  see  l/Skl  22380/42  Gkdos.  in  operations  file. 


IV.   Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  3".ltlc  Sea 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

3  British  courier  planes  flew  over  the  Skagerrak  on  their 
way  from  Sweden  to  England  during  the  night  of  9  Sep. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

During  the  night  of  9  Sep.  enemy  planes  operated  in  Danish 
waters  and  in  the  eastern  and  central  Baltic  Sea.   !.'ines  are  suspected 
to  have  been  laid  in  the  Kattegat.   For  details  see  Telegram  0724. 
Since  it  is  very  likely  that  mines  were  laid  for  the  first  time  also 
in  the  eastern  portion  of  the  Kattegat  in  the  vicinity  of  Cape  Kullen, 
it  will  be  necessary  to  reroute  merchant  vessels.   The  Commanding  Ad- 
miral, Defenses,  Baltic  Sea  asks  that  the  number  of  minesweepers  be 
increased.   (See  Telegram  1200.)   Otherwise,  there  is  nothing  to  re- 
port from  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  Baltic  Sea. 

One  ground  mine  was  swept  off  Sassnitz  and  one  off  Trelleborg. 

Nothing  to  report  from  the  area  of  the  Commander,  Minesweepers,  Baltic 
Sea. 

Kinesweeplng  operations  of  the  pinnaces  were  affected  by  bad  weather. 


V.    Submarine  '.Varfare 

la   Enemy  Situation: 

An  enemy  plane  reported  from  the  northern  rendezvous  area  to 


-E>- 


=-:::2 


CONFIDENTIAL 
10  Sep.  1942 

have  scored  4  hits  on  a  submarine  in  the  area  west  of  Reyk janes.   18 
planes  were  observed  in  the  southern  rendezvous  area.   About  the  loca- 
tion of  a  northbound  convoy  in  quadrant  BE  5256  see  Enemy  Situation, 
West  Area. 

4  reports  about  sighted  submarines  were  intercepted  from  the  American 
east  coast  and  in  the  West  Indies. 

2.    Own  Situation; 

4  more  submarines  have  sailed  for  the  zone  of  operations,  3 
of  them  from  home  bases. 

Regarding  operations  of  the  Norwegian  submarine  group  against  convoys 
PQ,  18  and  QP  14  see  Own  Situation,  Arctic  Ocean. 

Group  "Vorwaerts"  is  operating  in  quadrant  AK  9699  against  a  westbound 
convoy  in  the  North  Atlantic.   The  air  escort  which,  according  to  one 
of  the  submarines,  is  protecting  the  convoy  could  apparently  not  be- 
come very  effective  due  to  weather  conditions.   Thus,  the  submarines 
have  good  opportunities  as  reflected  by  the  successes  achieved: 

Submarine  U  "657"  sank  an  8,000  GRT  tanker 

Submarine  U  "584"  sank  a  straggler  tanker  of  9,000  GRT 

Submarine  U  "218"  sank  a  5,000  GRT  steamer  and  probably  a  3,000 

GRT  steamer 

Submarine  U  "96"  torpedoed  3  steamers  totalling  16,000  GRT,  which 

probably  sank. 

In  addition,  a  steamer  of  undetermined  size  was  torpedoed  by  submarine 
U  "659"  and  a  5,000  GRT  steamer  by  submarine  U  "608".   One  submarine  had 
to  withdraw  on  account  of  damage  through  depth  charges,  another  one 
moved  away  temporarily  for  the  same  reason.   The  operation  continues. 

Off  the  American  east  coast  a  7,000  GRT  transport  was  sunk  in  quadrant 
BB  6333  out  of  a  small  convoy  by  submarine  U  "513". 

Submarine  U  "69"  completed  the  mine-laying  mission  in  Chesapeake  Bay. 

No  reports  of  any  successes  were  received  from  the  West  Indies,  the 
South  Atlantic,  or  the  Mediterranean. 

Further  reports  in  supplement  to  submarine  situation,  War  Diary,  Part 
B,  Vol.  IV. 

Giving  his  reasons,  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  submits  a  re- 
quest to  reserve  the  area  beyond  a  600  mile  radius  from  Capetown  for 
submarine  operations  and  to  shift  the  boundaries  fixed  for  the  return 
voyage  of  the  submarines  to  the  southwest  by  approximately  500  miles 
in  the  southern  portion  and  approximately  200  miles  in  the  northern 
portion. 

In  reply,  the  Naval  Staff  decided  to  fix  the  operations  area  for  the 
return  voyage  of  Group  "Eisbaer"  as  follows:   Southern  boundary  is 
the  latitude  of  40°  S,  the  western  limit  runs  from  the  lower  left  corner 
of  quadrant  GZ  16  to  the  lower  left  corner  of  quadrant  FE  91.   The 
permission  to  attack  targets  within  a  radius  of  300  miles  from  St. 
Helena  and  Ascension  Island  is  withdrawn  herewith.   The  establishment 


-L2l-  B-1052 


10  Sep.  1942 

of  latitude  40°  S  as  southern  boundary  was  necessary  In  viaw  of  the 
blockade  runner  traffic  to  and  from  Japan. 

For  copy  of  telegrams,  containing  reasons  for  request  and  the  decision 
see  l/Skl  Iu  1779/42  Gkdos .  Chefs,  in  Yfar  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  IV. 


VI.   Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity: 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Incursions; 

There  were  200  enemy  Incursions  Into  western  German  territory 
during  the  night  of  10  Sep.   Their  attacks  centered  on  Duesseldorf 
where  heavy  damage  was  wrought.  For  details  see  daily  situation  re- 
port.  15  planes  were  shot  down  by  our  fighters,  15  by  anti-aircraft 
artillery  and  1  by  naval  anti-aircraft  artillery. 

■ 

3.  Mediterranean  Theater: 

Our  Air  Force  supported  the  operations  of  the  Africa  Corps. 
Enemy  air  activity  was  light.   Otherwise  nothing  to  report. 

4.  Eastern  Front; 

54  enemy  planes  were  reported  shot  down  thus  far. 

On  9  Sep.  an  He  111  plane  landed  on  Spitsbergen-  in  search  of  a  suitable 
emergency  landing  place.   For  results  of  reconnaissance  In  the  Arctic 
Ocean  see  Situation,  Arctic  Ocean. 


VII.  Warfare  in  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1.  Enemy  Situation,  Mediterranean; 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Spain,  3  cruisers 
and  7  or  0  steamers,  all  of  undetermined  nationality,  were  observed 
off  Cape  de  Gata  about  5  miles  from  the  coast  sailing  on  an  easterly 
course  on  the  forenoon  of  9  Sep. 

Cape  de  Gata  reported  that  engine  noises  could  be  heard  throughout  the 
night  of  0  Sep.  and  that  10  planes  on  an  easterly  course  were  observed 
in  the  morning  of  9  Sep.;  a  few  hours  later  3  planes  passed  in  a 
westerly  direction.   Air  reconnaissance  reported  nothing  about  the 
above  mentioned  naval  force. 

ITothing  else  to  report  from  the  entire  Mediterranean  area. 

2.  Own  Situation,  Mediterranean; 

Enemy  planes  attacked  Tobruk  during  the  night  of  8  Sep.,  in 


-w*- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


10  Sep.  1942 


the  evening  and  during  the  night  of  9  Sep.   Except  for  a  sailing 
vessel,  no  damage  was  caused  in  the  harbor. 

1  FT  boat  transferred  from  Naples  to  Augusta.   As  of  7  Sep.,  the 
German  Naval  Command,  Italy  is  directing  operations  from  Rome.   The 
Naval  Staff  submitted  copies  of  the  survey  compiled  by  the  German  Na- 
val Command,  Italy  about  the  British  August  convoy  from  Gibraltar  to  . 
Malta  to  the  Naval  Representative  of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command, 
Operations  Staff,  to  the  Naval  Liaison  Officer  on  the  Army  High 
Command  General  Staff,  to  the  Naval  Representative  on  the  Air  Force 
Operations  Staff  and  to  Naval  Group,  South;  the  Naval  Staff  pointed  to 
its  own  comment  on  this  subject  of  17  Aug.  (see  War  Diary  of  17  Aug.) 
and  the  differences  of  opinion  concerning  the  probable  destination  of 
the  convoy. 

3.   Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa; 

Transport  of  supplies  from  Italy  and  Greece  to  North  Africa 
and  coastal  supply  traffic  proceeded  according  to  plan  without  major 
incident. 

Due  to  interruption  in  communications  no  situation  reports  were  re- 
ceived from  Naval  Group  South.   Information  by  telephone  revealed 
nothing  of  importance. 


VIII.  Situation  East  Asia 


Nothing  to  report. 


IX.  Army  Situation 

1.   Russian  Front: 

Army  Group  A; 

The  situation  did   not   change   essentially. 

Army  Group  B: 

Stubborn  fighting  for  the  possession  of  Stalingrad  continues 
Enemy  attacks  on  the  northern  sector  of  the  XIV  Panzer  Corps  launched 
by  a  full  division  were  successfully  repulsed  save  for  a  temporary 
local  penetration.   A  see-saw  battle  is  in  progress  at  the  front  of 
the  Rumanian  divisions  east  of  Svoboda.   The  over-all  situation  is  un- 
changed. 

Central  Army  Group: 

Enemy  attempts  to  seize  the  highway  between  Demenskoye  and 
Yuklinov  were  unsuccessful.   West  of  Zubtsov  our  advancing  troops 
clashed  with  attacking  enemy  forces.   The  battle  is  still  in  progress. 
Otherwise  the  situation  in  the  Rzhev  area  remained  essentially  un- 
changed. 


-B- 


B-105  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 


10  Sep.  1942 


Northern  Army  Group; 

In  the  afternoon,  units  of  the  11th  Army  launched  an  attack 
to  mop  up  the  enemy  penetration  south  of  Lake  Ladoga.  Enemy  attempts 
to  cross  the  Neva  River  east  of  Leningrad  failed. 

2.  Finnish  Front: 

An  enemy  thrust  in  the  Kandalaksha  sector  was  repulsed.  It 
is  reported  that  a  fresh  Ural  division  has  arrived  in  the  rear  of  the 
Lltsa  sector  and  a  reindeer-ski  brigade  for  the  protection  of  the 
southern  flank.   The  enemy  damaged  the  power  line  of  the  Kolosjoki 
nickel  mine  with  explosives.   The  operation  of  this  most  important 
plant  is  not  seriously  affected. 

3.  North  Africa; 

Enemy  scouting  activity  was  light,  harassing  fire  continued 
in  varying  force.   During  the  period  from  30  Aug.  to  9  Sep.  a  total  of 
170  enemy  tanks  and  scout  cars  was  destroyed. 

HBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBSBBBBBB   " 


S- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
11  Sep.  1942 

Items  of  Political  Importance 

With  regard  to  the  British  attack  on  Madagascar ,  the  British  Govern- 
ment Issued  an  official  communique  saying  that  the  attitude  of  the 
French  Government  has  made  it  clear  that  compliance  with  essential 
demands  of  the  British  High  Command  made  on  the  Governor  of  Madagascar 
regarding  protection  against  attacks  by  the  Axis  Powers  can  no  longer 
be  expected  by  peaceful  means.   The  British  Government  has  no  terri- 
torial claims  in  Madagascar,  which  remains  French. 

The  U.S.  State  Department  declares  that  the  British  step  is  being 
taken  with  the  complete  approval  of  the  U.S.  Government.   The  British 
and  the  U.S.  Governments  agree  to  return  Madagascar  to  France  after 
the  war  or  at  any  moment  that  the  necessity  of  Allied  occupation 
ceases  to  exist. 

The  French  Government  published  a  communique  about  the  invasion  but 
limits  itself  to  a  mild  condemnation  of  this  uncalled-for  attack. 

As  further  reported  from  London,  it  is  pointed  out  that  ever  since 
Diego  Suarez  was  occupied,  Japanese  planes  have  been  permitted  to  fly 
over  the  French  part  of  the  island  at  will;  at  the  same  time  Japanese 
submarines  have  been  taking  on  supplies  and  Japanese  naval  officers 
allowed  to  go  ashore.   Besides,  German  agents  have  received  assistance. 

Great  Britain: 

Referring  once  more  to  India,  Churchill  stated  that  the  situation  has 
improved  and  generally  calmed  down.   Cripps'  proposals  which  have  the 
approval  of  the  Government  represent  its  official  viewpoint.   Churchill 
also  stated  that  140,000  Hindus  enlisted  during  the  last  2  months, 
leading  him  to  conclude  that  the  Congress  Party,  which  represents 
only  1/8  of  India's  population,  is  unable  to  divert  India's  army  from 
its  duty. 

During  the  ensuing  debate,  Churchill's  statements  were  strongly  at- 
tacked by  the  Left. 

The  complete  address  is  contained  in  the  supplement  to  the  Foreign 
Press  Review  of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command  of  11  Sep. 

With  regard  to  the  responsibilities  of  the  First  Lord  of  the  Admiralty, 
the  War  Minister  and  the  Air  Minister  in  case  of  combined  operations 
of  the  3  branches  of  the  Armed  Forces,  Churchill  declared  that  the 
main  responsibility  rests  with  the  War  Cabinet  and  the  Defense  Minister, 
while  the  individual  ministers  are  responsible  for  the  details  within 
the  competence  of  their  respective  offices. 

In  a  debate  about  the  question  of  pay,  the  present  pay  rate  of  the 
Armed  Forces  was  severely  criticized  in  comparison  with  the  much 
higher  pay  of  the  U.S.  forces  in  Great  Britain. 

Turkey: 

The  German  Embassy  reports  that  Willkie  arrived  at  Ankara  on  8  Sep.  and 
intends  -to  proceed  to  Teheran  on  10  Sep.  He  will  not  see  the  President 
since  he  does  not  carry  any  special  message  from  Roosevelt. 

Argentina : 

The    arrest   of   1st    Lieutenant   Drews   of  GRAF  SPEE  was   due   to   his   refusal 


BB-1052 
- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
11  Sep.  1942 

to  appear  before  the  committee  investigating  anti -Argentine  activities, 
His  release  is  expected  shortly,  as  a  consequence  of  a  German  official 
protest . 


Conference  on  the  Situation  with  the  Chief,  Naval  Staff 

I.  The  Chief,  Naval  Staff  has  returned  from  his  inspection  trip  to 
the  Crimea.   The  Commanding  Admiral,  Black  Sea  urgently  needs  a  vaca- 
tion for  reasons  of  health.   The  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  agreed  to 
having  Rear  Admiral  Heye  substitute  for  him  as  suggested  by  the  Com- 
manding .idmiral,  Group  South. 

II.  The  Chief,  Naval  Staff  Communications  Division  reports  as  follows: 

a.  The  German-Japanese  naval  communicstions  agreement  was 
signed  today  and  went  into  effect.   This  represents  a  major  step 
toward  cooperation  between  Germany  and  Japan.   For  copy  see  l/Skl 
22952/42  Gkdos .  in  War  Diary,  Part  B,  Vol.  V. 

b.  American  planes,  engaged  in  special  missions  under  fighter 
escort,  have  recently  been  interfering  with  the  Air  Force's  anti- 
aircraft warning  service  in  the  west  area.   Count ermeasures  are  ab- 
solutely required  in  order  to  avert  trouble. 

c.  The  newly  developed  radar  set  for  flying  boats  ( "Hohentwiel" ) 
has  a  range  of  15  km  at  an  altitude  of  50  m  and  a  range  of  400  km  at  ' 
an  altitude  of  1000  m.   It  thus  approximates  the  performance  of  the 
British  equipment. 

d.  The  Chief,  Naval  Staff  calls  attention  to  the  complaint  of 
the  Commanding  Admiral,  Group  South  about  the  inadequacy  of  technical 
communications  within  the  Group's  area  and  requests  the  Chief,  Com- 
munications Division,  Naval  Staff  to  send  an  expert  to  this  area  to 
assist  in  improving  the  situation. 

III.  As  reported  by  the  Chief,  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division  the 
Fuehrer  commented  on  the  Navy's  tasks  for  the  coming  winter.   Survival 
in  this  war  depends  on  the  undisturbed  possession  and  exploitation  of 
the  Petsamo  nickel  mines.   It  is  therefore  clear  that  the  seizure  of 
northern  Norway  and  the  disruption  of  German  communication  lines  to 
this  area  remain  a  prime  objective  of  enemy  strategy.   For  this  reason, 
the  principal  task  of  the  Navy,  apart  from  submarine  warfare,  consists 
in  bolstering  the  defense  of  northern  Norway  and  all  available  forces 
must  be  concentrated  there.   The  Fuehrer  demands  that  the  TIRPITZ, 

If  at  all  possible,  not  be  sent  to  Germany  for  shipyard  overhaul. 
Neither  does  ho  agree  with  the  operations  planned  for  the  heavy  naval 
forces . 

With  regard  to  the  above,  the  Chief,  Quartermaster  Division,  Naval 
Staff  remarks  as  follows : 

The  reinforcement  suggested  may  be  achieved  with  gun  barges,  as 
planned  for  the  Channel  area. 

The  transfer  of  SCHARNHORST  and  ITUERNBERG  to  northern  Norway  has  al- 
ready been  arranged  for.   The  Diesel  engines  of  the  TIRPITZ  could 
possibly  be  repaired  at  Trcndheim.   The  shipyard  overhaul  of  the  SCHEER 
can  be  postponed  until  summer,  if  necessary.   Besides,  a  stay  of  not 
more  than  4  weeks  at  a  German  shipyard  could  be  justified. 


Qe- 


8-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
11  Sep.  1942 

The  Chief,  Naval  Staff  emphasizes  the  correctness  of  the  Fuehrer's 
judgment  and  orders  an  immediate  examination  of  the  ship  repair 
facilities  in  Norway. 

The  Naval  Construction  Division  reports  that  the  SCHEER  can  be  docked 
at  Oslo.   The  Fleet  Commander  would  prefer  the  transfer  to  a  German 
shipyard. 

IV.  The  Chief,  Quartermaster  Division,  Naval  Staff  reports  further 
about  the  shipyard  worker  problem: 

The  300  militarized  workers  assigned  to  the  Aegean  Sea  must  be  in- 
cluded in  the  3,200  men  to  be  supplied  by  the  Naval  Recruitment 
Division.   Besides,  the  Minister  of  Armament  and  '.7ar  Production  re- 
ported to  the  Fuehrer  that  it  was  impossible  to  carry  out  his  order 
to  release  the  shipyard  workers  required.   The  Fuehrer,  v/hile  not 
repealing  his  directive,  has  ordered  the  Minister  of  Armament  and 
War  Production  to  take  the  matter  up  with  the  Commander  in  Chief, 
Navy  once  more.   Thus . the  matter  stands  where  it  was  before. 

The  Fuehrer  also  ordered  that  drastic  measures  be  taken  in  connec- 
tion with  the  bomb  plot  at  the  Brest  submarine  pen. 

The  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  will  advise  the  Commanding  Admiral, 
France  to  this  effect  directly  by  telephone. 

The  Fuehrer  refuses  to  accept  the  reported  schedule  for  the  reinforce- 
ment of  the  heavy  coastal  batteries  and  orders  that  this  job  be 
speeded  v/ithout  reducing  the  thickness  of  the  concrete  construction. 
The  only  thing  that  can  be  omitted  is  the  concrete  roofing  of  the 
heavy  batteries  in  circular  mounts. 

V.  The  Chief,  Quartermaster  Division,  Naval  Staff  reports  his  con- 
cern about  the  problem  of  training  young  officers  for  Fleet  forces; 
so  far,  the  entire  crop  of  new  officers  has  been  assigned  to  sub- 
marines and  the  air  forces.   The  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  calls  for 
a  report  on  this  subject  by  the  Naval  Officer  Personnel  Division  and 
the  Naval  Recruitment  Division. 

VI.  The  Chief,  Naval  Staff  and  the  Naval  Staff  discussed  the 
Fuehrer's  demand  for  severest  retaliation  in  reply  to  the  reported 
British  behavior  on  sinking  the  mine-laying  vessel  ULI.I;  they  agreed 
that  this  delicate  problem  requires  the  most  thorough  study  lest 
such  measures  boomerang  and  hurt  German  crews.   It  would  furthermore 
be  the  first  instance  within  the  annals  of  naval  warfare  that  an  ex- 
plicit order  to  use  force  against  shipwrecked  personnel  would  be 
given. 

As  far  as  the  ULM  incident  is  concerned,  the  facts  known  at  this 
moment  by  no  means  present  a  clear  picture  of  the  situation.   The 
result  of  the  investigation,  which  is  still  in  progress,  will  be 
submitted  to  the  Fuehrer. 

VII.  As  reported  by  the  Naval  Construction  Division,  the  shipyard 
work  on  the  LUETZOVJ  will  be  completed  by  the  end  of  October  so  that 
the  ship  will  probably  be  ready  for  operations  following  the 
necessary  tests,  etc.  on  16  Nov. 

Thus,  the  repair  will  take  much  longer  than  estimated  and  it  appears 
uncertain  whether  the  ship  can  be  assigned,  as  planned,  to  the 
training  course  for  gunnery  officers;  this  matter  has  had  to  be 


-P-27-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


11  Sen.  1942 


postponed  a  number  of  tines  in  spite  of  its  great  urgency.   Since  the 
cause  of  the  delay  is  attributed  to  the  lack  of  skilled  labor,  the 
Chief,  Quartermaster  Division,  Naval  Staff  suggests  that  this  case  also 
be  submitted  to  the  Minister  of  Armament  and  V.'ar  Production  as  well  as 
to  the  Fuehrer  as  an  example  of  the  difficulties  resulting  from  the 
labor  scarcity  in  all  fields. 

In  a  Very  Restricted  Circle: 

VIII.  The  Chief,  Operations  Branch,  Naval  Staff  Operations  Division 
reports  on  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command  directive  of  5  Sep.  concerning 
operation  "Nordlicht";  see  War  Diary  of  6  Sep.,  Special  Items. 

A  report  is  also  made  about  the  account  of  the  German  General  attached 
to  Italian  High  Command  Headquarters;  see  V.'ar  Diary  of  9  Sep. 


Special  Items; 

The  Naval  Staff  submits  copies  of  its  comment  on  the  North  African  sit- 
uation (see  War  Diary  of  8  Sep.)  to  the  Permanent  Representative  of  the 
Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  at  the  Fuehrer  Headquarters,  to  the  Naval 
Representative  on  the  Operations  Staff,  Armed  Forces  High  Commagnd  and 
to  the  Naval  Liaison  Officer  to  the  Army  General  Staff  for  their  in- 
formation and  states  in  this  connection: 

The  Suez  area  and  Egypt  represent  the  key  to  the  British  position  in 
the  Mediterranean  and  the  Middle  East.   Naturally,  the  enemy  too,  has 
recognized  that  the  establishment  of  an  impregnable  front  in  this  area 
is  the  most  important  strategic  problem  at  this  moment.   If  the  Army 
believes  that  an  attack  on  the  Suez  area  from  the  west  is  impossible, 
it  should  launch  an  offensive  against  the  Suez  area  from  the  east  and 
penetrate  to  Basra  in  order  to  prevent  an  enemy  threat  to  our  flank  and 
at  the  same  time  eliminate  the  Iraq  oil  fields. 

However,  the  following  should  be  taken  Into  account:  Germany  went  to 
war  in  the  Mediterranean  in  order  to  assist  her  Italian  ally  In  order  to 
protect  the  Mediterranean  position  and  Italy.   This  vital  task  has  lost 
none  of  its  importance  and  the  protection  of  the  Mediterranean  front 
demands  that  the  North  African  front  must  be  held.   This  in  turn  hinges 
on  the  flow  of  supplies,  which  can  be  maintained  only  if  Malta  is  either 
completely  paralyzed  or  seized.   As  we  have  learned  from  experience,  it 
takes  the  continuous  commitment  of  strong  forces  to  tie  up  Malta  with- 
out capturing  it,  besides  causing  constant  high  losses  and  wear  and  tear 
on  equipment.   The  early  seizure  of  Malta  therefore  remains  a  must  and 
should  not  be  delayed  by  waiting  for  favorable  weather  conditions  in 
the  suinmer  .1943;  this  step  should  be  taken  soon. 

The  situation  therefore  calls- for  strong  forces  in  the  Mediterranean  In 
any  case;  the  elimination  of  Malta  requires  considerable  reinforcement 
of  our  air  forces  and  strengthening  of  the  North  African  front.  On  the 
other  hand,  the  success  of  a  thrust  against  'the  Suez  area  from  the  east 
through  the  Caucasus  and  across  Turkey  is  doubtful  and  requires  strong 
forces,  too.  For  all  these  reasons  the  Naval  Staff  maintains  that  it 
should  be  attempted  with  everything  we  have  to  take  Suez  from  the  west. 


For  copy  of  telegram  l/Skl  I  b  (plan)  1775/42  Gkdos.  Chefs. 
Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XIV. 


see  War 


Qo- 


B-105  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 
11  Sep.  1942 

Situation  11  Sep.  1942 

I.   War  in  Foreign  V/aters 

1.  Enemy  Si  tua  tl on : 

On  10  Sep.  the  German  Ambassador  at  Buenos  Aires  reported 
that  according  to  statements  made  to  the  Hungarian  Charge  d 'Affaires  on 
9  Sep.  at  the  Argentine  Foreign  Office,  news  was  very  recently  received 
from  Rio  de  Janeiro  to  the  effect  that  a  major  operation  against  Dakar 
originating  from  Brazil  is  planned  by  the  Allies  in  the  near  future. 
This  is  supposed  to  be  the  surprise  announced  in  Churchill's  address. 

Otherwise  nothing  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation; 

As  suggested  by  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy,  on  3  Sep.  the 
Fuehrer  promoted  the  captain  of  ship  "28",  Commander  (Naval  Reserve) 
von  Ruckdeschell  to  Captain  (Naval  Reserve)  for  extraordinary  distinc- 
tion in  action. 

The  Naval  Staff  transmits  this  information  to  ship  "28"  with  congratu- 
lations of  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy.   See  Radiogram  2202. 

The  sailing  order  issued  on  6  Sep.  to  the  TANNENFELS  is  cancelled  and  the 
ship  instructed  to  proceed  to  the  rendezvous  point  with  ship  "28",  1° 
north  and  7°  30'  west  of  point  "Saege".   The  Naval  Staff  figures  that 
she  will  arrive  there  on  18  Sep.  at  the  earliest.   Immediately  follow- 
ing the  rendezvous  with  ship  "28"  another  rendezvous  with  ship  "23"  is 
to  take  place  at  a  point  3°  south  of  the  rendezvous  point  with  ship  "28f. 
From  there  the  TANNENFELS  has  orders  to  proceed  to-  Europe  via  point 
"Treibanker".   (See  Radiogram  0428.) 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  reports  by  Telegram  1818: 

(1)  The  Japanese  Navy  requests  that  prisoners  not  be  disembarked 
at  Batavia  this  time,  but  taken  to  Japan. 

(2)  The  Japanese  Navy  is  now  investigating  whether  it  might  be 
possible  to  sail  through  Macassar  Strait  to  Medan  and  to  pick  up  30 
German  sailors  who  are  desired  in  Tokyo  as  a  personnel  reserve.   Cable 
reply  is  requested  whether  the  SCHLIEMANN  is  able  to  comply. 

(3)  Due  to  the  lack  of  tankers,  the  Japanese  Navy  is  eager  to 
utilize  the  empty  tank  space  of  the  SCHLIEMANN  to  transport  crude  oil 
to  Japan  from  the  south  area.  This  was  approved;  the  freight  rate  is 
to  be  determined  later.   Cable  reply  is  requested  regarding  the  avail- 
able space.   Loading  port  will  be  named  at  the  proper  time. 

The  Naval  Staff  instructs  ship  "10"  via  Radiogram  2016  about  the 
positions  of  enemy  vossels,  the  names  of  which  are  being  used  by  our 
vessels  for  camouflage  purposes.   All  ships  in  foreign  waters  are  in- 
formed by  Radiogram  0711  about  the  cover  names  being  used  by  the  blockade 
runners  TANNENFELS,  KULMERLAND,  and  DRESDEN,  sailing  from  Japan. 

Radiogram  2247  informs  the  UCKERMARK  that  the  Naval  Staff  takes  charge 
of  her  on  12  Sep.  at  0600. 

Enemy  situation  report  to  all  ships  in  foreign  waters  by  Radiograms  0635 
and  1613. 


■Ji9- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
11  Sep.  19  42 

II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

At  1645  radio  monitoring  intercepted  a  message  from  a  British 
plane  about  sighting  e.  medium  sized  merchant  vessel  in  quadrant  BF  7931 
on  a  300°  course;  after  1905  a  British  plane  repeatedly  reported  about 
an  attack  on  a  merchant  vessel  sailing  an  easterly  course  10  miles  west 
of  Cape  Ortegal. 

An  intelligence  report  from  Spain  contains  statements  of  enemy  diplo- 
mats at  Barcelona,  according  to  which  U.S.  parachute  units  arrived  with 
2  convoys  at  southwestern  Scotland  a  short  time  ago  and  are  to  be  used 
for  impending  nuisance  raids  on  the  Channel  coast. 

2,  Own  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast: 

For  the  information  of  WESEHLAND  and  SPICHERN,  three  FY/  200 
planes  conducted  long-range  reconnaissance  in  the  area  between  42°  30' 
N  and  43°  30'  N  to  21°  00'  W.   According  to  weather  forecasts  a  visi- 
bility of  approximately  8  miles  is  to  be  expected  off  the  Spanish 
northwestern  coast  and  northeast  of  the  Azores;  visibility  will  probably 
increase  further  on  12  Sep.   The  reconnaissance  mission  brought'  no 
results.-  Group  V.'est  kept  Y/ESERLAKD,  SPICHERN  and  BRAKE  informed  about 
weather  reports  and  German  reconnaissance  activity.   Up  to  daybreak  no 
reports  from  German  sources  were  received  about  the  fate  of  the  merchant 
vessels  spotted  and  attacked  by  enemy  aircraft;  these  are  undoubtedly 
our  blockade  runners. 

At  2225  the  tanker  ERMLAND,  proceeding  from  La  Pallice  to  St.  Nazaire, 
was  damaged  by  a  nine,  but  continued  on  her  course  with  one  engine. 

Channel  Coast: 

The  mine-laying  operations  "Nacht"  and  "Falter"  as  well  as  the 
mine-laying  mission  of  the  5th  PT  Boat  Flotilla  were  carried  out  during 
the  night  of  10  Sep.  according  to  plan.   For  short  report  of  5th  PT 
Boat  Flotilla  see  Telegram  0820. 

Enemy  ships  north  and  northeast  of  Cherbourg  were  located  and  shelled  by 
Army  coastal  batteries;  it  is  assumed  that  these  ships  were  operating 
against  our  PT  boats. 

Torpedo  missions  of  the  2nd,  4th  and  6th  PT  Boat  Flotillas,  totalling 
14  boats,  directed  against  convoy  traffic  brought  no  results  as  far  as 
steamers  were  concerned.   The  boats  made  contact,  however,  with  light 
enemy  combat  forces.   A  crippled  enemy  motor  launch  was  captured  and 
taken  in  tow  by  boats  of  the  2nd  PT  Boat  Flotilla  after  her  crew  had 
been  rescued  by  another  British  ship — whether  all  or  only  part  of  the 
crew  is  not  clear  from  the  report.   All  secret  documents,  the  radar  set 
and  charts  were  captured.   The  captured  launch  was  handed  over  to  patrol 
vessels  and  tugs  off  Den  Holder,  which  brought  her  safely  into  port. 

Some  of  our  PT  boats  suffered  slight  damage  and  casualties.   According 
to  prisoner  statements,  all  of  the  enemy  motor  gunboats  and  motor 
launches  had  sailed  from  their  bases  at  1800  of  10  Sep.  for  the  purpose 
of  intercepting  our  PT  boats.   For  short  reports  of  the  3  flotillas  in- 
volved in  this  action  see  Telegrams  1929,  1900,  and  2135. 


-S- 


B-1052 


* 


i 


11  Sep.  1942 


CONFIDENTIAL 


Although  the  operation  did  not  attain  its  original 
object,  it  was  a  gratifying  success  through  the  capture 
of  the  enemy  ship,  the  documents,  and  the  radar  set. 


Special  Item; 


An  inquiry  of  the  Naval  Staff  brought  the  following  reply  from  Group 
West: 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  France  reports  that  apart  from  the  Casquets,  the 
following  naval  posts  exist  on  isolated  cliffs  and  in  lighthouses 
located  beyond  the  coastal  defenses: 

a.  Area  of  the  Admiral,  Channel  Coast: 

Radio  beacon  Vierville  (to  be  transferred  shortly  to  the  base-) 

Lighthouse  and  radio  beacon  Ver 

Lighthouse  Cape  de  la  Hague 

Radio  beacon  Linreville  (transfer  to  Anoville  in  progress) 

Lighthouse  Le  Grand  Jardin,  located  on  a  rock  oi"f  St.  Malo 

Lighthouse  at  Naval  Signal  Station  Corbiere 

Lighthouse  Sercq 

b.  Area  of  the  Admiral,  Western  France: 

Roches  Douvres,  La  Paon  Roseda,  La  Croix  (entrance  of 
Lezardrieux) ,  Les  Heaux  de  Brehat,  Les  Sept  lies  de  la  Batz,  lie 
Vierge,  Les  Pierres  No ires,  Ar  Men,  and  lie  Penfret. 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.    North  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation: 

At  1040  a  submarine  v/as  sighted  off  Ijmulden  by  a  control 
vessel  of  the  Admiral,  Holland,  which  may  have  had  some  connection  v/ith 
the  attempted  flight  of  2  Dutch  engineers  in  a  paddle  boat. 

Own  Situation: 

During  the  night  of  10  Sep.  a  great  number  of  enemy  planes 
flew  in  and  out  of  the  ares  of  the  Admiral,  Holland.    1  low-flying 
plane  was  shot  down  by  naval  anti-aircraft  artillery.   Bombs  were 
dropped  near  Rotterdam  and  mines  off  Terschelling.   Patrol  boats  shot 
down  2  more  planes. 

The  diving  tender  OLDENBURG  was  attacked  by  enemy  planes  on  10  Sep.  in 
the  German  Bight;  no  damage  v/as  inflicted.   A  group  of  2  patrolling 
vessels  was  attacked  at  0445  by  an  enemy  PT  boat  in  quadrant  AN  8315; 
patrol  vessel  "1239"  was  severely  damaged  by  a  torpedo  hit  and  suffered 
casualties;  she  was  towed  to  Terschelling.   Due  to  the  report  about  an 
enemy  submarine  off  Ijmuiden  the  area  is  being  kept  under  surveillance 
and  an  investigation  of  the  matter  is  under  way.   It  is  suspected  that 
mines  wero  dropped  on  the  approach  to  Hook  of  Holland. 

6  mines  were  swept  in  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses, 
North,  1  of  them  by  a  mine-sweeping  plane. 


-El- 


co:.Ti3z:niAL 

11  Sep.  1942 

Convoy  and  patrol  service  according  to  plan.   The  Commanding  Admiral, 
Defenses,  ITorth  reports  that  the  British  vessel  towed  to  Den  Kelder 
was  identified  as  notor  gunboat  "335". 

Group  north  points  out  that  last  night's  lively  enemy  activity  in  the 
Scheldt  estuary,  reports  about  parachutists,  heavy  air  activity, 
British  PT  boats  and  gunboats  off  the  Dutch  coast,  and  the  submarine 
sighted  off  Ijnuiden  all  merit  attention. 

2.  Norway ; 

Enemy  planes  were  active  over  Petsamo  on  8  and  9  Sep.,  over 
Kirkenes  on  10  Sep.  and  over  Stavanger  on  11  Sep. 

Convoy  and  minesweeping  operations  proceeded  without  incident  accord- 
ing to  plan. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  reports  his  intention  to  assign  3  mine- 
laying  vessels  to  lay  the  7  anti-submarine  barrages  between  Kristian- 
sand  South  and  Stavanger  in  2  stages  probably  on  18  Sep.   For  details 
see  Telegram  1270. 

With  regard  to  Group  North's  suggestion  to  provide  a  minefield  against 
surface  forces  east  of  the  anti-submarine  barrage  in  the  closed  Baroe 
area,  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  points  out  that  the  Naval  Staff 
turned  down  a  similar  plan  as  long  ago  as  10  L'ar.  1941.   (See  Tele- 
gram 1920. ) 

3.  Arctic  Ocean; 

Enemy  Situation; 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  of  10  Sep.  from  Denmark, 
a  convoy  of  8  steaners  sailed  from  Hval  Fjord  for  Russia  on  7  Sep.; 
this  is  probably  part  of  convoy  PQ  18. 

Air  reconnaissance  brought  no  further  information. 

Own  Situation; 

On  the  basis  of  reports  from  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  and 
Group  North,  the  Naval  Staff  submitted  the  following  summary  of  the 
day's  events  to  the  Fuehrer  Headquarters,  the  Armed  Forces  High  Com- 
mand and  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Air  Force: 

(1)  No  new  information  was  received  concerning  convoys  PQ  18  and  Of    14. 

(2)  The  task  force  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Cruisers  transferred 
according  to  plan  and  anchored  in  Kaa  Fjord  at  0400  on  11  Sep.   The 
force  was  detected  by  the  enemy  (by  their  radio  intercept  service)  when 
emerging  from  the  Gimsoestraumen  and  the  Gavle  Fjord.   An  enemy  sub- 
marine in  quadrant  A3  9858  fired  a  4-fan,  but  missed. 

The  5th  Destroyer  Flotilla  reports  that  the  ECK0LDT  will  leave  3or,en 
Bay  for  Alta  Fjord  at  0600  on* 12  Sep. 


ov 


Visibility  in  the  western  portion  of  the  5th  Air  Force's  reconnaissance 
sector  w£.s  greatly  reduced  by  rain,  snow  squalls,  and  in  parts  also  by 
fog  settling  on  the  surface,  all  of  which  explains  why  PQ  18  could  not 
be  observed. 


-7— sufef^arines  of  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  will  be  posted  as  or  13  Sep. 

B-1052 


-B- 


confidential 

11  Sep.  1942 

at  1200  in  a  patrol  line  extending  from  quadrant  AB  32  to  quadrant  AB  3$. 


IV.   Skar.errtk.  Baltic  Sea  Entrances.  Baltic  Sea 

Convoy  and  patrol  missions  in  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral  , 
Defenses,  Baltic  Sea  were  carried  out  according  to  plan.   Group  North 
is  unable  at  present  to  comply  with  his  suggestion  for  reinforcing  the 
minesweepers.   (See  War  Diary  of  10  Sep.)   The  Group  points  out  that  th$ 
small  available  forces  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  Baltic  Sea 
must  be  concentrated  on  the  principal  traffic  routes  as  in  the  area  of 
the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  North,  and  thst  traffic  must  be  re- 
routed and  limited  to  a  few  ports.   For  this  reason  it  is  urgent  that 
the  bulk  of  traffic  be  shifted  from  Aalborg  to  Aarhuus,  as  planned  by  the 
Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  Baltic  Sea.   If  necessary  the  Hirtshals 
area  will  have  to  be  kept  closed  for  some  time.   The  main  traffic  must 
be  routed  east  of  Laesoe-Anholt  through  very  deep  water.   (See  Telegram 
1351.) 

I 
Mine-sweeping  activity  in  the  area  of  the  Commander,  Minesweepers,  Baltic 

Sea  was  reduced  to  a  minimum  on  account  of  bad  weather. 

Convoy  operations  proceeded  without  interference  according  to  plan. 

V/ith  respect  to  the  demand  of  the  Swedish  Navy  that  German  troop  trans- 
ports should  not  use  the  Palsterbo  Canal,  Group  North  has  taken  a  stand, 
which  in  the  opinion  of  the  German  Naval  Attache  at  Stockholm,  may  have 
political  repercussions.   The  Naval  Attache  at  Stockholm  requests  new 
instructions.   For  details  see  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  VIII.   In  this 
connection  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Group  North,  recommends  urgently  that 
any  rights  which  v/e  may  have  for  using  the  Canal  not  be  sacrificed  for 
petty  political  considerations. 


V.   Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

As  revealed  by  intercepted  radio  messages,  subchasers  were 
directed  against  a  periscope  allegedly  sighted  in  the  eastern  portion  of 
the  Firth  of  Forth. 

Very  lively  reconnaissance  activity  ranged  over  the  Bay  of  Biscay  as 

far  as  the  northern  Spanish  coast.   A  submarine  proceeding  on  a  southerly 

course  was  attacked  by  a  plane  southeast  of  Cape  St.  Vincent. 

8  submarine  sighting  reports  were  intercepted  off  the  American  coast,  and 
2  from  the  Caribbean;  a  submarine  attack  was  also  reported  from  the 
Caribbean  Sea. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Regarding  the  operations  of  the  Norwegian  submarines  see  Sit- 
uation Arctic  Ocean.   The  operations  of  Group  "Vorwaerts"  in  the  North 
Atlantic  against  the  westbound  convoy  continued  with  good  results. 


-0.3$-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
11  Sep.  1942 

Submarine  D  "92"  torpedoed  a  4,000  GRT  steamer;  she  was  not  observed  to 

sink. 

Submarine  U  "96"  sank  a  sailing  vessel  by  gunfire. 

Submarine  U  "380"  fired  a  4-fan  at  a  9,000  GRT  tanker;  3  detonations^ 
were  heard  but  no  result  observed. 

Submarine  U  "211"  observed  4  hits  on  4  steamers  with  a  4-fan;  no  sink- 
ings were  observed. 

The  reports  received  give  no  indication  to  what  degree 
the  attacked  ships  were  damaged  or  sunk. 

Submarine  U  "92"  heard  2  detonations  as  a  result  of  a  4-fan  fired  against 
a  destroyer. 

Reports  about  achievements  off  the  American  coast  v/ere  not  received. 

Submarine  "U  514"  sank  2  steamers  totalling  12,000  GRT  off  Barbados  and 
the  schooner  HELEN  F0RSEY"  in  quadrant  DD  92  by  gunfire. 

Nothing  of  particular  importance  was  reported  from  the  South  Atlantic 
and  the  Mediterranean.  , 

A  highly  deplorable  loss  is  the  death  of  Commander 
Muetzelburg  the  captain  of  submarine  U  "203",  as  the 
result  of  an  accident. 

Additional  reports  in  supplement  to  Submarine  Situation,  V.'ar  Diary,  Part 
B,  Vol.  IV. 


VI.   Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity; 
nothing  to  report. 

2.  Mediterranean  Theater; 

In  the  Africa  Corps  area  dive  bomber  and  fighter  bomber  attacks 
were  carried  out  with  good  results. 

3.  Eastern  Front: 

81  enemy  planes  were  shot  down  at  the  various  Army  sectors. 

Reconnaissance  flights  of  6  FW  200' s  in  the  Arctic  Ocean  furnished  no 
information  due  to  bad  weather. 

An  enemy  camp  at  Eina  Guba  and  camps  and  debarkations  at  Plkyushev  v/ere 
raided  with  observed  good  results. 

Special  Itemt 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Group  North  reports  that  only  one  of  the  8  mine- 
sweeping  planes  allocated  to  Group  North  on  16  Aug.  by  the  Commander  in 
Chief,  Air  Force  has  been  received  so  far  and  requests  that  the  promised 

I 1  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
11  Sep.  1942 

remaining  planes  be  assigned  as  soon  as  possible  in  view  of  the  acute 
threat  from  ground  nines. 


VII.  Warfare  in  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1.  Enemy  Situation,  Mediterranean: 

The  CIIARY3DIS  sailed  from  Gibraltar  during  the  night  of  10 
Sep.  in  an  unknown  direction.   None  of  the  ships  reported  off  Cape  de 
Gata  on  9  Sep.  was  observed  in  the  Mediterranean,  so  that  this  report 
was  probably  in  error. 

Otherwise  nothing  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation,  Mediterranean: 

Enemy  planes  raided  Tobruk  during  the  night  of  10  Sep.;  no 
damage  was  reported. 

At  0150  of  10  Sep.  the  Italian  hospital  ship  ARNO  en  route  from  Naples 
to  Tobruk  was  torpedoed  by  enemy  planes  north  of  Tobruk  and  sank  9 
hours  later.   200  men  were  rescued,  70  are  missing.   Further  details 
must  be  awaited. 

The  decision  of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Operations  Staff  regarding 
the  proposal  of  the  German  General  attached  to  Italian  High  Command 
Headquarters  about  the  minefield  in  the  Strait  of  Sicily  conforms  to 
the  wishes  of  the  Naval  Staff  (see  War  Diary  of  8  Sep.). 

For  copy  of  telegram  see  l/Skl  22403/42  Gkdos.  in  War  Diary,  Part  C, 
Vol.  XIII. 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa: 

Tanker  A3RUZZI,  which  was  damaged  on  1  Sep.,  was  towed  from  the 
emergency  port  of  Ras  el  Hilal  to  Benghazi  on  10  Sep. 

Transports  proceeded  according  to  plan  and  without  major  incident. 

4.  Area  Naval  Group  South: 
Aegean  Sea; 

The  naval  situation  remained  unchanged  on  10  and  11  Sep. 

Group  South  submits  a  report  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Aegean  Sea, 
which  had  already  been  brought  to  the  knowledge  of  the  Commander  in 
Chief,  Navy  during  his  visit  to  the  Crimea;  it  calls  attention  to  the 
fact  that  the  funds  at  the  Navy's  disposal  will  be  completely  exhausted 
by  15  Sep.  by  payments  for  ship  repairs  and  materials  due  to  the  infla- 
tion of  Greek  currency.   The  same  situation  will  arise  in  the  adminis- 
trative section  and  will  necessitate  discontinuing  of  all  ship  repair 
work  on  15  Sep.,  Including  work  on  the  steamer  MENES .   Since  the  Greek 
workmen  will  disperse,  it  will  later  be  necessary  to  build  up  from 
scratch  a  working  force  for  the  shipyards  and  repair  shops.   The  Com- 
manding Admiral,  Aegean  Sea  warns  of  the  gravity  of  the  situation. 
(See  Telegram  1210.7 


05- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
11  Sep.  1942 

With  these  conditions  in  mind  Group  South  requests  a  decision  whether: 

a.  The  order  limiting  funds  for  -Greece  is  to  be  revoked,  or 

b.  Repair  v/ork,  new  construction  and  acquisition  of  supplies  is 
to  be  stopped.   (See  Telegram  1230.) 

The  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division  will  study  this  natter  and  con- 
sult the  Armed  Forces  High  Command  as  well  as  the  Ministries  of 
Economics  and  Finance. 

Black  Sea: 

Enemy  Situation: 

Radio  monitoring  has  been  intercepting  messages  from  a 
battleship,  escorted  by  flotilla  leader  K?IARK0V  and  2  destroyers,  in 
the  southeastern  part  of  the  Black  Sea  since  the  evening  of  10  Sep., 
and  another  destroyer  in  the  northeastern  part.   A  submarine  was 
located  at  1930  northeast  of  Cape  Sinope. 

Reconnaissance  planes  sighted  a  small  northbound  convoy  off  Sochi  and  a 
southbound  escorted  merchant  vessel  west  of  Sukhum. 

According  to  a  report  from  the  Naval  Defense  Unit  Black  Sea,  the 
flotilla  leader  TASHKENT  and  the  destroyer  BDITELNIY  are  lying  on  the 
bottom  of  the  harbor  of  Novorossisk,  their  guns  removed. 

Own  Situation: 

4  vessels  of  the  3rdk Mine  Sweeper  Flotilla  swept  15  mines 
between  Kerch  and  Anapa.   Off  Anapa  a  Russian  barrage  of  inertia 
contact  mines  was  found.   Otherwise  mine-sweeping  operations  proceeded 
according  to  plan. 

A  single-row  net  barrage  v/as  laid  off  Feodosiya. 

It  was  belatedly  reported  that  a  third  Italian  subchaser  was  damaged 
during  the  enemy  air  raid  on  Yalta  on  9  Sep. 

Convoy  service  proceeded  uneventfully. 

Group  South  reports  that  only  3  German  PT  boats  and  3  Italian  subchasers, 
aside  from  the  small  submarines,  will  be  available  for  operations  until 
the  beginning  of  October.   The  naval  barges  engaged  in  operation 
"Bluecher"  have  suffered  considerable  dar.age  and  require  repair 
urgently  before  they  can  be  used  at  sea.   The  Group  therefore  proposes 
to  Army  Group  A  that  these  naval  barges  be  replaced  immediately  by 
Siebel  ferries  for  a  period  of  3  weeks.   (See  Telegram  1230.) 

Naval  Group  South  anticipates  an  intensification  of  activity  on  the 
part  of  the  Russian  Black  Sea  fleet;  due  to  lack  of  offensive  weapons 
of  its  own,  the  Group  further  proposes  to  Army  Group  A  and  the  4th  Air 
Force  that  they  paralyze  the.  enemy  by  air  attacks. 

A  copy  of  this  proposal  was  submitted  to  the  Naval  Staff  with  the  re- 
mark that  Group  South  believes  it  necessary  to  inform  also  the  Armed 
Forces  High  Command. 

The  Naval  Staff  therefore  informed  the  Armed  Forces  High 
Command,  Operations  Staff  of  the  above. 


-036-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
11  Sep.  1942 

Group  South  further  informed  the  Naval  Staff  about  its  protest  to  Army 
Group  A  against  the  use  of  the  Array' 8  motor  boat  group  "Loeper"  for 
coastal  oatrols  off  NovorossiBk  which  was  placed  under  the  command  of 
Army  Group  Ruoff.   (See  Telegram  1400.) 

This  step  corresponds  to  the  viewpoint  of  the  Naval  Staff, 
too. 


VIII.  Situation  East  Asia 
Nothing  to  report. 


IX.   Array  Situation 

1.  Russian  Front: 

Array  Group  A; 

Fighting  immediately  east  of  Novorossisk  continues.   West  of 
Mozdok  an  assault  detachment  of  tanks  succeeded  in  breaking  through  the 
enemy  position  south  of  the  Terek  River  and  in  advancing  beyond  the 
Kurp  River.   An  enemy  armored  train  was  stopped  north  of  Grozny. 

Array  Group  B: 

The  battle  for  Stalingrad  continues.   An  enemy  attack  at  the 
juncture  of  German  and  Italian  forces  at  Bolshoi  was  halted  by  an 
Italian  counterattack. 

Central  Array  Group: 

Enemy  attacks  on  both  sides  of  the  Volga  River  and  the 
Zubtsov-Rzhev  road  were  repulsed  by  the  "Grossdeutschland"  Infantry 
Division.   Otherwise  nothing  to  report. 

Northern  Army  Group: 

The  enemy  attacked  at  Soltsy,  south  of  Lake  Ladoga  and  on  the 
Neva  River  sector. 

2.  Finnish  Front: 

Enemy  attacks  on  the  Kandalaksha  sector  were  repulsed.   Lively 
ship  traffic  was  observed  in  Motovsky  Bay  in  the  direction  of  the 
Rybachi  Peninsula. 

3.  North  Africa: 

No  situation  report  was  received  from  the  Panzer  Army. 


-137-  B"105  2 


confidential 

12  Sep.  1942 

Iters  of  Political  Importance 

Z'r.e    significance  of  Africa  for  Allied  warfare  is  being  discussed  in 
the  U.S.  press  at  the  nresent  tine.   It  La  said  that  Roosevelt's 
and  Churchill's  speeches  clearly  forecast  an  Allied  offensive  to 
regain  control  of  the  Mediterranean.   If  any  major  operation  against 
Gerr.ar.y  is  to  be  undertaken  from  the  west ,  it  is  inperative  to 
secure  the  Allied  Mediterranean  flank.   It  is  known  that  U.S.  troops 
recently  landed  in  the  Belgian  Congo.   The  problem  of  Africa  fron  a 
strategic  angle  is  also  being  discussed  in  the  Spanish  press. 

Great  Britain: 

lbs  Trade  Union  Convention  rejected  a  notion  denanding  the  immediate 
establishment  of  the  second  front  and  decided  to  leave  the  decision 
and  the  tir.ing  of  this  natter  to  the  Government.   This  resolution  is 
considered  as  a  personal  success  for  Churchill  and  as  consolidating 
the  position  of  the  V.'ar  Cabinet. 

Spain: 

The  Transocean  Mews  Agency  reports  that  Suner  is  gathering  a  circle  of 
loyal  personalities  who  are  to  prepare  his  return  to  political 
activity.   Prominent  friends  of  Suner  hcve  resigned  their  membership 
in  the  Falangist  organization.   It  was  officially  announced  that  the 
leaders  of  the  Falange  and  the  civil  governors  of  4  provinces  have 
resigned. 

The  reorganization  of  the  Cabinet  does  not  appear  to 
have  eased  the  internal  political  tension. 

Iran: 

The  G-erman  News  Agency  (2MB)  reports  from  Istanbul  that  all  combat 
forces  of  the  Russian  occupation  army  in  western  Iran  have  been 
withdrawn.   Only  special  forces  of  the  Police  Commissariat  have  been 
left  behind.   Unrest  continues  and  also  the  insurrection  of  the  Kurds 
gained  momentum. 

Argentina: 

According  to  a  Spanish  report,  the  Minister  of  the  Interior  has 
ordered  the  crew  of  the  GRAF  SPEE  to  be  interned  in  a  guarded  con- 
centration camp  in  order  to  prevent  further  attempts  to  escape. 


Special  Items: 

I.        As  regards   preparations   for  operation   "Ilona",   Group  West  plans 
to   concentrate   the  naval   forces   and   farces   of  the   Commanding  Admiral, 
Defenses,    '.Vest    in  the  take-off  ports   at   the  beginning  of  a   10-day 
advance   warning  period  which  the   Commanding  General,   Armed  Forces, 
'.Vest   will  announce.        The  Army  is   planning  to   capture   the   various 
ports   by  land  without   assistance   on   the   Navy's   part.      Thus  there  are 
no  Army  units   to   be   embarked.      Apart   from  a  request  to  have   1,000  E1C 
mines   and  1,000   type  B  anti-submarine   mines  ready  in  time   at   Chateaudun, 
the  Group  reports   that  plans   for  laying  barrages   can  only  be  made   after 
the   situation   is   ripe   for   it.        It   may  become   necessary  to  call  for  2 
mine-laying  vessels. 

-138- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


12  Sep.    19U2 


The  Naval  Staff  approves  these  plans  and  is  investigating  what 
quantity  of  mines  can  he  placed  at  the  Group's  disposal  as  operational 
reserve  at  Chateaudun. 

With  reference  to  the  Fuehrer's  directive  concerning  operation  "Ilona", 
the  Naval  Staff  points  out  that  the  war  situation  does  not  permit 
accumulating  armament,  ammunition,  etc.  exclusively  for  operation 
"Ilona".   The  Commanding  Admiral,  Prance  has  meanwhile  made  considerable 
demands  which  have  led  to  a  depletion  of  the  torpedo  supply  of  the 
Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines.  Group  West  is  therefore  requested  to 
reexamine  the  measures  ordered  for  immediate  execution  with  this 
in  mind. 

II.  In  the  course  of  preliminary  planning  for  operation  "Aida"  the 
Naval  Staff  called  on  the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  to  analyze 
the  possibilities  of  using  Italian  special  weapons  in  the  North 

Sea  and  the  Channel  and  also  Italian  subchasers  in  the  Mediterranean 
to  reinforce  the  3rd-  Pl!  Boat  Flotilla.   (See  War  Diary  of  15  Jun. 
and  File  "Aida".)   In  the  opinion  of  the  German  Naval  Command, 
Italy,  standard  Italian  subchasers  offer  no  prospects  of  success 
in  torpedo  and  mine-laying  operations  off  the  English  south  and 
southeastern  coasts,  an  opinion  which  coincides  with  that  held  by' 
the  Naval  Staff.   As  far  as  the  commitment  of  Italian  subchasers 
for  the  support  of  the  3rd  PT  Boat  Flotilla  is  concerned,  the 
German  Naval  Command,  Italy  calls  attention  to  the  fact  that 
the  Italian  Navy  has  just  transferred  12  subchasers  to  North  Africa 
which  are  engaged  in  operations  there.   The  German  Naval  Command, 
Italy  holds  that  it  is  impossible  to  include  them  in  German  PT  boat 
operations  because  of  insufficient  training,  even  if  they  could 
be  placed  under  German  command,  which  is  highly  improbable. 

III.  The  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  ordered  the  allocation  of  gun 
barges  to  Norway.   (See  War  Diary  of  11  Sep.)   At  the  present  time 

6I4.  naval  barges  are  in  use  in  Norway.   II4.9  more  are  under  construction, 
10  of  which  have  been  assigned  for  use  as  guncarriers  to  the  Command- 
ing Admiral,  Defenses,  West,  and  10  to  the  Commanding  Admiral,  De- 
fenses, North.  39  are  reserved  for  the  Admiral,  Amphibious  Forces  for 
operation  "Wiesengrund";  he  already  has  8l  completed  barges  for 
that  purpose  at  his  disposal.   Consequently  90  of  the  barges  under 
construction  have  not  yet  been  allocated  and  could  be  equipped 
as  guncarriers  immediately.   Should  operation  "Wiesengrund  be  can- 
celled and  the  120  barges  allotted  to  it  not  be  required  for  other 
operations,  these,  too,  would  become  available.   It  must  be   con- 
sidered, however,  that  motor  barges  once  fitted  as  guncarriers 
would  require  another  reconversion  if  they  were  to  be  used  as  trans-*- 
ports  later  on,  so  that  only  those  that  are  absolutely  needed 
should  be  converted  into  guncarriers.   The  Commanding  Admiral, 
Norway  is  requested  (copy  to  Group  North)  to  report  how  many 
guncarriers  are  considered  necessary  to  reinforce  the  coastal  de- 
fenses in  the  Norwegian  area. 

IV.  It  can  be  expected  that  Russian  ships  will  attempt  to  pass 
through  the  Dardanelles  in  the  event  that  all  Russian  Black  Sea 
bases  are  eliminated.   Such  an  attempt  on  the  part  of  warships 
would  be  a  violation  of  the  Montreux  Convention,  the  stipulations  of 
which  would  probably  be  invoked  by  Turkey,   Similar  restrictions 

do  not  exist,  however,  in  the  case  of  merchant  vessels.   The  Naval 
Staff  is  therefore  investigating  whether  and  how  the  stipulations  of 
the  Montreux  Convention  could  be  applied  to  merchant  vessels,  too. 
Should  this  question  be  clarified  in  our  favor,  the  Naval  Staff 
intends  to  suggest  that  the  Foreign  Office  get  in  touch  with  Turkey. 


—139-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 

12  Sep.  IQI4.2 

Situation  12  Sep.  19^2 

I.   War  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 
Nothing  to  report, 

2.  Neutrals : 

The  Portuguese  Ambassador  informed  the  Foreign  Office  that 
the  Portuguese  steamer  LUANG  0  sailed  from  Baltimore  to  Havana  at  1600, 
and  that  steamer  VILLA  FRANCA  will  sail  on  or  after  13  Sep.  from 
San  Joan  to  Portugal. 

3«   Own  Situation; 

Ships  "28"  and  "23"  are  informed  about  the  operations 
of  Group  "Eisbaer"  by  Radiogram  1856.   The  Naval  Staff  leaves  it  to 
the  two  auxiliary  cruisers  to  meet  for  a  discussion  of  their  respective 
zones  of  operation  until  withdrawal  of  the  submarines  from  the  South 
Atlantic.   Until  an  agreement  is  reached  the  longitude  of  I50  W 
remains  the  boundary  line  between  these  zones. 

Radiogram  I918  advises  the  DRESDEN  to  proceed  from  point  "Rose"  directly 
to  point  "Dispache". 

The  suggestion  of  the  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  to  mine  the  eastern 
entrance  of  the  strait  is  declined  for  political  reasons.   (See 
Telegram  0100.) 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  reports  that  the  Japanese  Admiralty's 
permission  for  operations  by  ship  "10"  on  her  voyage  to  the 
Sunda  Straits  should  be  construed  to  mean  merely  an  agreement  to 
a  shift  of  the  ship's  zone  of  operation.   It  is  not  to  be  construed 
as  an  approval  of  a  visit  to  Japan,  which  is  still  dependent  on  the 
adjustment  of  the  oil  problem,  as  clearly  stated  by  the  Japanese. 
The  Attache  recommends  that  ship  "13"  should  under  no  circumstances 
be  allowed  to  proceed  to  Japan  unless  the  oil  supply  problem  has 
been  settled.  (See  Telegram  II58.) 

Radiogram  lo21  notifies  all  ships  in  foreign  waters  that  after"  f 

13  Sep.  submarines  are  prohibited  from  attacking  unescorted  single 
ships  on  route  "Anton".  Enemy  situation  report  by  Radiograms  0753 
and  O3I4.I. 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  reports  the  information  gathered  from  a 
British  radio  operator  who  had  been  aboard  the  GEDANIA  as  member 
of  the  prize  crew.  This  man  stated  that  the  GEDANIA  was  captured 
on  1+  Jun.  19^1  by  an  auxiliary  cruiser;  measures  to  scuttle  the 
ship  were  Ineffective,  the  explosion  going  off  mainly  in  the  interior. 
All  secret  documents  were  allegedly  thrown  overboard  so  that  none 
of  them  fell  into  enemy  hands.   The  crew  remained  unharmed. 


II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.   Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  revealed  the  following  shi  ps-  at  --Plymouth 

-1*0-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


12   Sep.    I9J4.2 


in  the  afternoon:  2  battleships,  one  of  them  in  dock,  3  cruisers, 
one  of  them  in  dock,  2  destroyers,  2  submarines,  etc. 

Photo  reconnaissance  of  10  Sep.  on  the  southern  coast  from  Portland 
to  Eastbourne  showed  no  change  in  the  number  of  landing  craft.  The 
areas  west  of  Portland  and  east  of  Eastbourne  were  not  covered. 
Changes  regarding  the  anchorages  of  landing  craft  in  the  Poole  area 
and  the  presence  on  the  beach  of  Cowes  of  boats  previously  observed 
at  Southamptom  indicates  that  landing  maneuvers  are  going  on 
continuously, 

2»    Own  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast: 

SPICHERN  reported  at  0259:  "Am  breaking  off  operation, 
my  position  6°  30'  W.   Require  assistance  urgently.  Plane  at  0800." 

From  the  grouping  of  the  signal  it  is  believed  that  the  vessel 
is  undamaged. 

Croup  Y.est  informs  the  SPICHERN  that  the  intention  to  discontinue 
operation  is  approved  and  that  3  torpedo  boats  are  leaving  St.  Jean 
de  Luz  immediately  to  meet  her* 

The  BRAKE  receives  orders  to  "break  off  mission,  return  immediately, 
escort  forces  will  meet  you  at  the  point  of  departure." 

Both  ships  are  informed  that  assistance  by  air  forces  may  be 
expected  after  daybreak.   (See  Radiogram  6144-8.) 

The  Group  reports  the  measures  taken  to  the  Naval  Staff  by  Radio- 
gram 0505* 

3  German  planes  took  off  at  O63O  and  at  O7I+O . 

WESERLAND  is  notified  by  Group  West  that  the  weather  forecast  indicates 
a  visibility  of  5  to  8  miles  along  her  probable  route, 

SPICHERN  was  picked  up  by.  the  3rd  Torpedo  Boat  Flotilla  at  10l+0  in 
quadrant  BF  97^7«   Her  port  engine  is  out  of  commission  due  to 
explosion  of  a  bomb  near  the  ship.   BRAKE  is  under  way  to  La  Pallice, 

Thus  for  the  first  time  a  breakthrough  attempt  of  the 
2  blockade  runners  has  failed.   WESERLAND  and  UCKERMARK 
seem  to  have  been  luckier  this  time. 

Channel  Coast: 

Mine-laying  mission  "Schlaf"  was  carried  out  according 
to  plan.   Nothing  else  to  report. 

Special  Items; 

Group  West  submitted  its  reply  to  the  questions  regarding 
the  Casquets  outpost;  relayed  by  £he  Operations  Division,  Naval 
Staff  from  Fuehrer  Headquarters.   The  fact  is  stressed  that  Casquets 
is  not  a  strong  point  but  merely  an  advanced  post.  Group  West 
believes  that  the  post  was  taken  by  a  ruse,  because  no  signs  of  a 
struggle  have  been  found;  access  to  the  cliff  appears  possible  only 


-141- 


B-1052 


confidential 

12  Sep.   151+2 

with  the   aid  of    people    thoroughly  :srdllar  with  the   locality, 
which  could  have  been   provided  by  the  f  cc-er  Iritish  ii  .;se 

crew  which  had  fled   to  England.     ^ or    copy  of   the  report  which 
ansners   all   questions   in  great   detail  see   l/Skl  22&21/U2.  Gkdoe  . 
in   "ar  Diary,    Part  C,   Vol.  II  b. 


111.    Ntrth   sea,    Norway,    Arctic    Coear. 
la        North  Sea: 

hery   Situation; 
Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situati  or. : 

During  the   engagement    of    11  Sep.  2  British  motor  gun 
teats  were   severely  darnel  and  had   to  be   taken   in   tow  bw    ether  (^ 

vessels.      An   enemy  attempt  at  boarding  patrol  vessel  VP   "   1239" 
was   foiled  with  hand  grenades.      Another  attack  by  2  motor   rune  rats 
on  a  group   of  patrol  vessels   at   point   "Alex"  is  reported  from  the 
Dutch  coast   as  having   taken  place   during  the   night   of   10  -e:,; 
on    thla    occasion   1  hit  was    observed  on  each  of  the  attackers,   while 
our  patrol  vessels   suffered  no  dar^r, 

Steamer  IITTKAR  KOEI  struck  a  mine  in  quadrant  AH   6999  at  O505  and 

lis   towed  into  the  Elbe  estuary. 

The   request   of  the   Co-render   in  Chief,    Air   Force    concerning 
fighter  protection  for  Swedish  convoys    in   the   --ermar   -ight  -aas 
relayed  to  Group  Berth  bj  the  Naval  Staff.     In  this   connection 
the  Group  reports   that  fighter  protection  will  be  provided  to  the 
t.  :ent  warranted  by  the  available   forces. 

2.        Norway: 

Steamer   ROBERT  BORNHOFEN   (6,6k3  GET)    carrying   coal  sank 
en  route  from  Irons oe   to  Kirkenes   6  miles   south  o:    Fcnningsvaag 
following  an  explosion,    the   cause   of  which  Is   not  known  yet.  4 

: he    : :  mar.  ding   Admiral,  Norway  reports   that   the   remaining  I4.  vessels 
of   the   5th  Kotor  Minesweeper  Flotilla  cannot  be   dismissed  for 
shipyard  repairs   at   present   in  view    of    the  newly  arisen  su:-=rine 
situation  resulting  from  the  fleet   operations   arainst  convoy  P^  18. 

Group  North  directs  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  to   lay  the 
anti-sdc  marine  barrages  between   F.r;  sand  South  and  Stavanger 

at  the  earliest      possible    moment.      The  ij.th  Mineswe  Flotilla 

not  be  withdrawn  from  northern  Norway  for  the   time  being. 
Nine -laying    shits    ?.CIA    :    and   3KAGERRAE,    lying   at   Swinemuenie, 
ant    FAISE?    at    Mesermuer.de    are    assigned   t:    the    operational    cimmar.d 
of  the   Commanding    Admiral,   Norway. 

The   Armed  Forces  High  Command  consiiers   it  unnecessary  that   the 
COBimanling  C-eneral,    Armed  Forces,   Norway  should  be  hookei   up 
directly  with   the    Air  Force   -  Navy  circuit.      Both  tiie   Ccmmar .zLr.z 
Admiral,   Norway  and  the   5th  Air  Force   are    resp:r.si:  le  for   informing 
the   Commanding   General,    Armed  Forces,   Norway  concerning  the   naval 

-142- 


confidential 


12  Sep.  1°U2 


situation  and  air  reconnaissance  of  interest  to  him;  they  also 
furnish  him  with  a  survey  of  the  over-all  situation  based  on  the 
various  individual  reports  after  evaluation.   (See  Telegram  1700.) 

This  decision  refers  to  a  request  submitted  by 
the  Commanding  General,  Armed  Forces,  Norway. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  we3com.es  the  announcement  of  the  Naval 
Staff  about  the  manufacture  of  cutter  floats  suitable  for  depths 
of  100  m  to  500  m  and  will  use  them  in  the  future  for  new  flanking 
barrages;  however,  he  considers  it  impossible  to  lay  them  in 
addition  to  and  in  front  of  already  existing  flanking  barrages, 
because  mine-laying  vessels  cannot  be  used  in  the  dangerous 
neighborhood  of  the  minefields  and  because  the  motor  minesweepers, 
which  alone  ai'e  suitable  for  this  purpose,  would  have  to  be 
withdrawn  from  their  other  activities  for  many  months. 

To  this  the  Naval  Staff  remarks  that  these  protective  barrages  can 
also  be  laid  at  greater  distances  from  existing  minefields  without 
losing  any  of  their  effectiveness.   It  is  acknowledged  that  the 
Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  is  sho.-t  of  vessels.   As  a  matter  of 
principle,  the  possibility  01  laying  cutter  floats  later  should 
be  kept  in  mind. 

3.   Arctic  Ocean: 

Operation  against  convoy  PQ  lS; 

a.  Convoy  PQ  18  was  spotted  at  I32O  in  quadrant  AB  I16I4.2 
by  air  reconnaissance.  It  was  proceeding  on  a  7O0  course  and 
consisted  of  27  merchant  vessels,  1  aircraft  carrier,  and  5  destroyers. 
Since  IS03  submarine  U  "i|.05"  has  been  maintaining  contact  with 

the  convoy  in  quadrant  AB  2787*  The  positions  reported  by  the 
submarine  and  by  the  Air  Force  do  not  agree;  it  is  assumed  chat 
the  latter' s  report  is  incorrect, 

b.  A  heavy  enemy  force  (2  battleships,  1  heavy 
cruiser,  5  destroyers)  was  sighted  by  air  reconnaissance  at  1215 
in  quadrant  AE  263I.  General  course  3O0. 

At  1205  the  Air  Force  reported  3  light  cruisers,  5  destroyers  and 
1  tanker  in  quadrant  AG  4877  on  a  23O0  course,  position  not 
clearly  defined  (by  weather  observation  plane).  At  IOJ4.O  another 
plane  reported  8  destroyers  on  varying  courses  in  quadrant  AG  7861. 
These  reports  may  refer  to  the  same  enemy  force;  it  seems  that 
light  combat  forces  are  refueling  at  the  position  mentioned. 

d.  Thus  far  3  submarines  are  operating  against  the 
convoy;  5  more  are  approaching  the  passage  between  Bear  Island 
and  the  South  Cape. 

Fuehrer  Headquarters,  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Operations 
Staff,  and  the  Operations  Staff,  Air  Force  were  informed  of  the 
above  by  the  Naval  Staff. 

The  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  combined  the  7  submarines  operating 
against  convoy  PQ  18  into  a  special  group  "Traegertod".   "Nomen  sit 
omen."   ("Traegertod"  =  the  death  of  the  carrier.  Tr.  N.) 


-l4j-  B-105  2 


COHFID; 


12  Sep.    lQi+2 


IV.      Skagerrak,    Baltic   Sea  Entrances,   Baltic   Sea 

Mine-exploding   vessel   n2l±n   struck  a     mine   In   the  Great  Belt 
and  was    towed  to  Kiel.      Convoy   operations   in  the   area   of   the 
Commanding   .-.iniral,    Defenses,   Baltic   Sea  proceeded  according   to 
plan. 

The    laying   of  minefields    "Sauna   IV"   and_"Seeigel   5I4. "   in   the    area 
of   the   Commander,    Minesweepers,   ealtic  £>ea  was   prevented  by  bad 
weather,      Mlnesweeping    activity  had  to  be   curtailed. 

A  Finnish  steamer  was    torpedoed  by  an  enemy  submarine   on   the 
evening    of   11  Sep.    in   the  Gulf    of  Bothnia  about    50  miles   east 
of  Gaevle    and  another  Finnish  steamer  at   noon    of    11  Sep.    in   the 
southern  Aaland  Sea.      A3   a   consequence   transport   and  convoy 
service  from  Libau  to  Heval  has  been   suspended. 

Group  North  has   now  modified  the  minelaying  plans   of   the   Commander, 
Minesweepers,   Baltic   Sea  for   the  prevention   of  a  possible   break- 
through of   the    Russian  fleet,    and  has   canceled  the   plan  for  a 
barrage   east   of  the   "Seeigel"  barrage;    instead,    the  Group  has 
ordered  that   an   uninterrupted  mine  belt    extending  from  the  Finnish 
inter-island  passages    to  the  Esthonian   coast,   west   and   south  of 
the   "Seeigel"  minefield,   be    laid,   which  is   to  be  made  particularly 
strong   at   points  where   the  Russian   ships   might   attempt   a  break- 
through.     This   operation   (code   name    "Seeteuf el" ) ,    in  which  the 
Finnish  Naval  Staff   is  to  participate,    is   to  be   carried  out   with 
all  available   German   and  Finnish  mines   and  cotter  floats.     In 
addition,    provisions    are    to  be   made   for   the   immediate   laying   of 
cutter  floats   and  interspersed  mines   ea3t   of   the    "Nashorn" 
minefield  and  In   the    "Sauna"   and   "Brummbaer"   areas   in   case   of   an 
emergency. 


V.        Merchant   Shipping 

The  Reich  Commissioner   of  Maritime   Shipping  submits   a  survey 
of   the   Intended  use    of   shipping   space   in  September   19^2: 

The   tonnage   needed  for  Armed  Forces   supplies   and  other  important 
supplies   for  Norway  have   Increased  to  approximately  700,000   - 
750,000  tons.      It   remains    to  be   seen  whether  the   quantities 
provided  for  northern  Norway  can  be  handled  by   the  harbors    of  the 
area* 

Tonnage   needed  for  Finland  amounts   to  approximately  130,000  tons, 
for  the  3altic   countries   approximately  75,000  to   120,000   tons. 

For   shipments    of   coal  from  the  North  Sea   approximately  300,000 
to  350»QOO. tons  are   needed. 

In  view   of   the   advanced  season   and   the   supply  situation,    the 
shipment    of   Lulea   ore    and   of   timber  for  mines,   paper  manufacture 
and   tu"lding    purposes   must  be    speeded  as   much  as   possible.     Greatest 
importance    is    to  be   placed  therefore   on   stepping   up  the   circulation 
of    available   tonnage.      There   must  be  no  interference  with  shipping 
on   the  transport  routes. 

It   Is  difficult   to  Increase   ore   shipments   as    ordered  by   the  Fuehrer, 

tM-  &-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
12   Sep.    19U2 

since  neutral  tonnage   is  carrying  the  bulk   of   a  11   shipments   and 
any  increase   in   the    amount    or   German    shipping   space  would  be 
possible    only  at   the   expense    of   the    transports    to  Norway,      The 
Reich  Commissioner   of  Maritime   Shipping   assumes   therefore   that 
it  will  hardly  be   possible    to  raise   the   amount    of   September 
shipments   considerably   over   1,200,000   tons. 

Group  North,    the   Commanding   Admiral,   Norway  and  Naval  Station, 
Baltic  were  notified  of   the   above  by  the  Naval   Staff, 


VI.   Submarine  Warfare 

1,  Enemy  Situation; 

Regarding  operations  against  convoy  P^  18  see  Own 
Situation,  Arctic  Ocean. 

Radio  monitoring  intercepted  messages  of  British  planes  reporting 
sighting  several  German  submarines  west  of  Faeroe  Islands.  Reports 
from  British  warships  about  a  surfaced  submarine  were  intercepted 
from  the  same  area. 

Reconnaissance  over  the  Bay  of  Biscay  was  again  particularly  lively. 

From  the  American  coast  and  the  West  Indies  I4.  reports  about  sighting 
submarines  were  received.  Barbados  reports  the  shelling  of  Bridge- 
town. 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Portugal,  a  convoy  of 
l8  British  and  U.S.  steamers  sailed  from  New  York  for  Capetown 
on  7  Sep. 

2.  Own  Situation; 

Submarine  U   "25I"   reports   firing   a   torpedo  which  missed 
at   a  Russian  submarine   in   quadrant   AC  828b   and  firing  at    the 
radio  staV.on  and  storehouses    on  Einsamkeit  Island   on.  8  Sep. 


The   operation   of  Group   "Vorwaerts"   against   the   convoy  in  the  North 
Atlantic    continued  successfully.      Submarine  U   "608"   sank  2  steamers 
of   5,000  GRT  each,    1   of    10,000  GRT  and  1   of  9,000  GRT.      Submarine 
U   "I+Oii"   reported  sinking  a  6,000  GRT  tanker  and  firing   5   single 
torpedoes   at   3   ships;    tne    sinking    of  2   of   them  was   established 
beyond  doubt  by  sound  detection.        The   total   sunk  is   estimated 
at   11,000  GRT.      The   submarine   reported   the   convoy  as   consisting   of 
18  steamers   sailing  In  2  widely  dispersed  groups   and   protected  by 
6  escort  vessels. 

The   9,000  GRT   ship  reported  sunk  by  submarine  U    "608"   proved  to 
be   steamer  HEKT0RIA  of   13,800  GRT, 

The    last   reported  sighting  by  submarine   U   "96"   puts    the   strength 
of  the   convoy  at   12  to   15   steamers   and   2  destroyers.      Submarine 
U   "i|ll"   reported   only  10   or   11  smoke   clouds. 

The    operation   is  being  continued. 

A  new  group,    "Pfeil",   consisting    of  9   submarines   is  reported  from 


-145- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
12   Sep.    19^2 

the   eastern  North  Atlantic;    they  are   stationed   on   a   line  from 
quadrant   AL  klkb  to   7816. 

No   successes  were    reported  from  the   American  coast  and  from  the 
V^est  Indies. 

Group   "litis"    of    the    South  Atlantic   submarines   is    ordered  to 
assume   position  in  patrol   line   from  quadrants   DH  73J4.8   to  DH   7358 
in   order   to    intercept   an  SL  convoy. 

Nothing  to  report  from  the   Mediterranean. 

Additional  reoorts    in   Supplement   to  Submarine    Situation,   V«ar  Diary^ 
Part  B,   Vol.   IV. 

The  Naval   Staff   informs   the   commanding   Admiral,    Submarines   (copy 
to  Group  toest)    that   the   order   forbidding   attacks    on  route   "Anton" 
is   extended  to  the  area    south   of    latitude   20°  N  as    of   1*   Sep.   at 
2000;    this   measure   is    due    to   operations    of   blockade  runners. 
Thus    the   entire   route    "Anton"   is   closed  for  attacks. 


VII.   Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles   and  Vicinity: 

During    the  day  reconnaissance   activity  and  fighter 
bomber   attacks    on  Salisbury,    the   results    of   which  were   not   observed. 
Mines   were    laid  off   the  English  eastern  coast. 

2.  Mediterranean   Theater: 

Operations  in  support  of  the  Panzer  Army  Africa.  Malta 
was  attacked  by  Italian  planes  during  the  night  of  11  Sep. 

3«   Eastern  Front : 

57  enemy  planes  were  shot  down  at  the  various  Army 
sectors.   Reconnaissance  activity  over  the  Black  Sea  and  Caspian 
Sea. 

For  operations  against  convoy  PQ,  18  see  Situation,  Arctic  Ocean. 

Special  Item: 

See  Telegram  I325  for  directive  of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command, 
Operations  Staff  concerning  the  participation  of  planes  of  the 
training  units  in  the  combined  maneuvers  of  the  Navy  from  1  to 
3  Oct. 


VIII .Warfare  in  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 
1.   Enemy  Situation,  Mediterranean: 

An  intelligence  report  from  Spain  states  that  the 

-146-  B-1052 


I 


CONFIDENTIAL 
12  Sep.  19^2 

CHARYBJ2LS-  left  Gibraltar  for  England  where  she  will  undergo 
repairs. 

A  reliable  agent  reports  that  the  British  Mediterranean  fleet 
will  shortly  be  heavily  reinforced  by  U.S.  warships  based  at 
Gibraltar. 

• 

A  French  report,  received  by  way  of  the  German  Armistice  Commission, 
states  that  2  very  large  submarines  on  an  easterly  course  were 
sighted  on  11  Sep.  at  1750  approximately  50  miles  north  of  Algiers. 

Otherwise  nothing  of  importance  was  reported  from  the  Mediterranean 
area. 

2 •   Own  Situation,  Mediterranean : 

An  enemy  air  raid  on  Tobruk  during  the  night  of  11  Sep, 
caused  no  damage  in  the  harbor. 

5  vessels  of  the  3rd  PT  Boat  Flotilla  transferred  from  Augusta 
to  Porto  Empedocle. 

According  to  the  latest  Italian  report,  the  number  of  missing 
crew  members  of  hospital  ship  ARNO  amounts  to  30. 

3 •   Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa : 

Nothing  to  report, 
i;.   Area  Naval  Group  South; 

Aegean  Sea: 

During  the  night  of  11  Sep.  an  infantry  post  on  the 
south  coast  of  Crete  was  fired  on  by  a  surfaced  submarine.   Other- 
wise nothing  to  report. 

Black  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  reported  at  noon  sighting  a  force 
consisting  of  1  battleship,  2  cruisers,  2  destroyers,  and  1  mine- 
sweeper, headed  for  Poti,  30  miles  west  of  Batum. 

Radio  monitoring  revealed  continued  fleet  activity.  The  above- 
mentioned  force  was  identified  as  a  battleship  without  the  fleet 
command,  flotilla  leader  KHARKOV,  3  destroyers,  and  2  submarine 
tenders.  Another  destroyer  was  identified  in  the  northeastern 
part  of  the  Black  Sea  and  a  submarine  tender  and  9  submarines 
in  an  undetermined  position  at  sea. 

According  to  statements  from  war  prisoners,  6  medium-sized  sub- 
marines, the  gunboats  LENIN  and  MARKIN,  and  several  motor  torpedo 
boats  were  at  Baku  at  the  end  of  lQlf-l*  Up  to  the  middle  of  I9I4.2 
no  minefields  had  been  laid  in  the  Caspian  Sea. 

The  Frunse  Naval  Academy  is  said  to  have  been  moved  from  Leningrad 
to  Astrakhan  In  August  19Ul»  800  officer  candidates  are  supposed 
to  be  enrolled. 


-147- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
12  Sep.  191+2 

Another  intelligence  report  of  12  Sep.  states  that  the  Astrakhan 
river  ports  are  occupied  by  28  paddle  steamers  and  16  tankers  of 
[|.65,000  GRT,  55  barges  of  60,800  GET,  and  approximately  500  small 
craft.   2  paddle  steamers,  1  tanker  and  21  steamers  totalling 
32,800  GRT  as  well  as  6  gunboats  are  lying  in  the  Astrakhan  road- 
stead.  More  vessels  are  at  sea. 

Own  Situation; 

PT  boat  missions  scheduled  for  the  night  of  11  Sep. 
were  canceled  due  to  bad  weather. 

Motor  minesweepers  achieved  results  along  the  Crimean  southwestern 
coast  between  Cape  Sarich  and  Foros,  and  a  minesweeplng  plane 
in  the  Anapa  area.   Otherwise  minesweeplng  operations  proceeded 
uneventfully  and  were  partially  hampered  by  the  weather. 

After  completion  of  operation  "Bluecher",  RA  boats  (probably 
foreign  motor  mine  sweepers  taken  over  by  the  Germans,  TR.N)  were 
assigned  directly  to  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Black  Sea.   The 
motor  toat  group  was  plsced  at  the  disposal  of  the  Naval  Shore 
Commander,  Crimea  for  minesweeplng  in  the  Kerch  Strait. 

Contrary  to  a  previous  report,  operational  staff  Scheurlen 
was  not  disbanded,  and  is  located  at  Simferopol. 

During  the  night  of  9  Sep.  the  capture  of  the  entire  Novorossisk 
harbor  area  was  completed.   The  pier  serving  coastal  shipping 
and  the  coal  yards  including  railroad  sidings  are  intact.   All 
storage  facilities  are  destroyed  and  burnt  out.   All  buildings 
and  installations  were  requisiti.oned  for  the  Navy. 

For  a  further  intelligence  report  concerning  the  harbor  of  Novor- 
ossisk see  Telegram  1802. 

Convoy  traff  ic, '  which  was  partly  hampered  by  bad  weather,  proceeded 
without  major  incident. 

Special  Items; 

a.  Group  South  requests  that  the  11th  Army  High 
Command  immediately  place  at  its  disposal  the  wire 
communication  system  in  the  Crimea  and  in  the  Ukraine 
or  that  a  new  system  be  established  as  fast  as 
possible.   See  Telegram  1130, 

The  Chief,  Communications  Division,  Naval  Staff 
will  attend  to  the  matter. 

b.  Group  South  states  its  requirements  for  transport 
planes.   See  Telegram  1200.   This  matter  will 

be  handled  by  the  courier  squadron. 


IX.   Situation  East  Asia 

The  British  invasion  of  the  Madagascar  west  coast  placed 
Nossi-Be  in  the  north  and  the  ports  of  Majunga  and  Morondava  in 
the  hands  of  the  enemy,   British  forces  are  penetrating  farther 


-148- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
12  Sep.  19i+2 

inland.   Churchill  announced  to  the  House  of  Commons  that  the 
operations  against  the  key  bases  at  the  west  coast  of  the  island 
had  to  be  undertaken  because  enemy  submarines  might  otherwise 
operate  from  them  against  Allied  shipping  in  the  Mozambique  Strait 

According  to  U.S.  press  reports,  a  large  Japanese  warship  and 

a  heavy  cruiser  were  damaged  by  American  planes  on  2J4.  Aug.  during 

the  operations  in  the  Solomons  area. 

On  28  Aug.  Allied  submarines  allegedly  sank  2  Japanese  transports 
with  approximately  Ij., 000  men  aboard  off  the  southeastern  China 
coast. 


X.    Army  Situation 

1.  Russian  Front ; 

Army  Group  A: 

The  battle  south,  east,  and  southeast  of  Novorossisk 
continues.  The  situation  at  the  remaining  sectors  of  the  Caucasus 
front  is  characterized  by  continuous  enemy  attacks.   Our  line 
northwest  of  Grozny  had  to  be  taken  back  due  to  strong  enemy 
pressure. 

Army  Group  B; 

The  offensive  against  Stalingrad  is  making  slow  progress 
toward  stubbornly  defended  fortifications  at  the  outskirts  of 
the  southern  suburbs.  Also  the  forces  in  the  central  and  northern 
sectors  of  the  town  gained  some  ground.   Enemy  diversionary  attacks 
from  the  north  continued.  Italian  units  threw  the  enemy  across 
the  river  in  the  southern  part  of  the  Don  River  bend.  However 
the  enemy  achieved  a  deep  penetration  into  our  lines  west  of 
Svoboda  which  must  be  eliminated. 

Central  Army  Group: 

Due  to  heavy  losses  the  enemy  had  to  abandon  his  attacks 
on  both  sides  of  the  Volga  at  Zubtsov. 

Northern  Army  Group; 

Enemy  attacks  south  of  Lake  Ladoga,  which  had  been 
anticipated,  were  repulsed  by  divisions  of  the  11th  Army.   South 
of  Schluesselburg  the  enemy  failed  in  a  renewed  attempt  to  cross 
the  Neva  River  in  boats. 

2.  Finnish  Front ; 

A  strong  enemy  reconnaissance  thrust  at  the  Kestenga 
sector  was  repulsed.  An  enemy  attack  at  the  Kandalaksha  sector 
was  broken  up  before  it  got  under  w$y. 

3»   North  Africa; 

Enemy  artillery  activity  as  usual.   Reconnaissance 
activity  was  slight. 

tt*WttWWtt*ttWtt»tttt*4H*tttttt<HHMHt 

~**°~  B-105  2 


COIIFIDEHTIAL 
13  Sep.  1942 

Items  of  Political  Importance 

Concerning  the  assault  on  Madagascar 

Laval  v.:xrned  that  caution  is  necessary  with  regard  to  retaliatory  steps ^ 
because  the  eneny  is  in  a  position  to  apply  more  effective  counter- 
: casures.  As  a  French  statesman  he  is  obliged  to  take  this  into 
account. 


•o' 


It  is  felt  in  London  that  Vichy  must  realize  that  a  declaration  of  war 
on  Great  Britain  would  immediately  involve  the  U.S.A. 

Secretary  of  State  Hull  declared  that  there  is  no  reason  to  believe 
that  relations  between  the  U.S.A.  and  France  will  change  as  a  result 
of  the  recent  British  step  against  Madagascar. 

Laval,  certainly  much  against  his  will,  seems  to  be 
straddling  the  fence. 

The  significance  of  the  battle  for  Stalingrad  for  the  general  European 
war  situation  is  discussed  by  the  Moscow  correspondent  of  the  Times 
and  evidently  represents  the  opinion  of  enemy  official  circles.   The 
latter  discount  the  possibility  that  Stalingrad  can  be  held  but  believe 
that  the  tough  and  stubborn  resistance  is  intended  to  weaken  Germany  to 
a  degree  which  will  preclude  her  recovery.   The  same  purpose  is 
attributed  to  the  unceasing  Russian  attacks  on  the  central  and  northern 
fronts.   The  British  and  Americans  accept  the  fact  that  Russia's 
offensive  strength  is  vanishing  at  least  at  an  equal  rate.   There  is 
reason  to  assume  that  Churchill,  on  his  visit  to  Moscow,  tried  to  win 
Stalin  over  completely  to  this  viewpoint.   He  probably  did  not  mention 
of  course  that  the  weakening  of  Russia  is  after  all  not  deplored  too 
deeply  in  London  and  Washington. 


Situation  13  Sep.  1942 

I.   War  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.   Enemy  Situation: 

South  Atlantic : 

According  to  a  report  of  the  Naval  Attache  at  Buenos  Aires, 
the  air  base  on  the  Brazilian  island  of  Fernando  Norcnha  has  been  in 
operation  since  15  Aug.   As  early  as  July  the  Americans  founded 
civilian  aeronautics  clubs  in  every  town  on  the  Brazilian  coast; 
regular  coastal  patrol  service  is  to  be  organized  with  planes  delivered 
to  these  clubs. 

Indian  Ocean: 

A  London  periodical  briefly  discusses  the  blockade-runner 
traffic  between  Germany  and  Japan.   It  voices  the  assumption  that  the 
blockade-runners  sail  around  Cape  Horn.   Judging  by  the  character  of  thp 
magazine,  the  matter  was  discussed  primarily  because  of  an  interest  in 
the  cargo,  so  that  not  too  much  importance  should  be  attributed  to  the 
strategic  aspects  of  the  discussion. 


.150-  B-1052 


* 


CONFIDENTIAL 
13  Sep.  1942 

2.    Own  Situation: 

At  2017  ship  "28"  reported  by  short  signal  having  captured 
thus  far  a  total  of  11  vessels  of  77,000  GRT.   She  also  reported  heavy 
steamer  traffic  in  large  quadrant  GQ  45.   The  Naval  Staff  acknowledged 
receipt  of  the  message  and  informs  all  ships  in  foreign  waters  to  that 
effect  by  Radiogram  2105. 

By  Radiogram  2345  the  Naval  Staff  notifies  ships  "28"  and  "23"  that  the 
UCKERKARK  will  reach  quadrant  GD  around  24  Sep.  and  that  the  BRAKE  was 
recalled  because  of  an  air  attack.   Ship  "28"  should  therefore  transfer 
the  mail  and  war  diary  to  the  TAlTNENFELS  and,  if  possible,  leave  all 
supplies  for  ship  "23"  aboard.   Apart  from  a  3  months  supply,  the 
UCKERKARK  is  also  carrying  an  Arado  plane  for  ship  "28".   A  second  Aradq 
is  packed  in  cases  and  is  meant  for  ship  "10".   A  meeting  of  the 
UCKERKARK  and  ship  "23"  is  not  planned  for  the  time  being.   (See  Radio- 
gram 2545. ) 

V/ESERLAND  is  notified  that  the  Naval  Staff  is  taking  over  command  at 
1200;  the  first  sailing  orders  are  transmitted  by  Radiogram  1016. 

By  Radiogram  1638  UCKERKARK  is  advised  to  cross  the  latitude  of  St. 
Paul's  Rock  at  a  distance  of  350  miles  east  of  the  rock,  then  to  sail  to 
quadrant  GD  by  following  a  southerly  course  and  not  to  cross  longitude 
20°  W  in  an  easterly  direction  between  the  equator  and  05°  S.    , 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  is  informed  by  Telegram  1545  about  the  vessel 
which  the  HOHENFRIEDBERG  will  use  as  camouflage,  and  about  the  reference 
points  for  the  latter  and  the  ROSSBACH. 

The  Chief,  Communications  Division,  Naval  Staff  agrees  to  have  the 
Japanese  learn  the  contents  of  Naval  Communications  Instructions  II 
(NV  II).  The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  is  informed  to  this  effect  by 
Telegram  1930. 

All  ships  in  foreign  waters  are  instructed  about  the  regulations  govern- 
ing radio  communication  between  ship  "10"  and  "Kirschbluete"  by  Radio- 
gram 1442. 

Information  about  the  relations  between  Germany  and  Argentina,  also 
about  the  resignation  of  the  Japanese  Foreign  Minister  by  Radiogram 
0459. 

Radiogram  2041  informs  ships  in  foreign  waters  that  a  German  submarine 
sank  the  British  steamer  LACONIA  in  quadrant  FF  77;  German  surface 
vessels  are  not  going  to  the  rescue  of  Italian  prisoners  of  war  which 
were  on  the  ship. 

Enemy  situation  report  by  Radiograms  0954  and  1900. 


II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.   Enemy  Situation: 

Nothing  to  report. 


-151-  B-1052 


:::T:r^:~L^i 

13  Se-p.    1042 

2.    :.  r  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast: 

thing  to  report. 

Channel  Coast: 

2  nines  were  swept  on  route  "Herz". 

:.ir.elaying  operation  "Wandler"  was  executed  according  to  plan  during 
the  night  of  12  Sep.  At  0230  a  small  vessel  was  sunk  by  Army  artillery 
fire  north  of  Bayeux;  3  British  crev.  members  were  picked  up,  who  claim 
to  have  been  sent  out  in  a  boat  with  11  men  from  a  vessel  lying  3  km 
offshore  to  take  prisoners.   A  second  boat  was  to  follow  then  upon  a 
light  signal  which  they  were  to  give  after  reaching  shore.   A  British 
naval  officer  is  cr.ong  the  prisoners. 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.  North  Sea: 

Enemy  Situation: 

Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situation: 

6  mines  were  swept  on  the  convoy  route  between  Heligoland  and 
Ameland.   Otherwise  nothing  to  report. 

2.  Norway :  * 

The  harbor  of  Fetsamo  was  shelled  by  a  Russiar.  battery  on  the 
Hybachl  Peninsula  during  the  night  of  10  Sep.;  no  damage  was  caused. 

A  moored  mine  was  observed  in  the  Utsire  waters;  the  area  was  there- 
upon closed  to  shipping.   Enemy  air  activity  v/as  reported  fror.  Petsamo 
on  10  Sep.  and  from  the  area  of  Stavanger  and  Kristiansand  South  on 
12  Sep. 

Convoys  in  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Adr.irai,  Norway  proceeded  without 
incident . 

The  Commanding  Admiral 4  Cruisers  asked  the  Commanding  admiral,  Norway 
to  widen  at  once  by  100  m  net  enclosures  1  and  2  in  Bogen  Bay.  because 
ships  get  too  close  to  the  nets  as  experienced  during  the  west  storm 
of  27  Aug.  and  are  thus  endangered.   The  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway 
calls  attention  to  the  order  of  the  Naval  Staff,  Quart ermaster  Division 
according  to  which  the  distance  between  ship  and  net  should  not  exceed 
75  m,  and  requests  a  decision. 

The  matter  will  be  handled  by  the  Naval  Staff,  Quartermaster  Division. 

3.  Arctic  Ocean: 
Operation  against  M  16: 

'oy,  which  was  shadowed  by- -submarine  -^-"400",  pruceedec 

-152- 

:- : : 5  2 


") 


CONFIDENTIAL 
13  Sep.  1942 

on  an  easterly  course  toward  the  center  o'f  the  passage  between  Dear 
Island  and  Spitsbergen.   Its  last  reported  position  was  given  by  sub- 
marine U  "405"  at  1755  as  quadrant  AB  3416.   The  first  in  the  series 
of  successes  was  achieved  by  submarine  U  "408"  which  sank  a  7,000  GRT 
steamer  in  quadrant  AB  6569  at  0952.   At  0954  another  steamer  of  the 
same  size  was  sunk  in  quadrant  AB  2566  by  submarine  U  "589",  which  also 
fired  a  two-fan  at  the  escorting  aircraft  carrier;  she  believes  that 
she  may  have  scored  1  hit.   However,  according  to  an  /.ir  Force  report 
of  1310  the  carrier  was  not  damaged.   At  1137  submarine  U  "457"  also 
established  contact  with  the  enemy.   Submarines  U  "592"  and  U  "255" 
sailed  from  Harstadt  and  Kirkenes,  respectively,  to  participate  in  the 
operation. 

Beginning  at  1600,  the  Air  Commander,  Lofoten  Islands  launched  an 
attack  on  convoy  PQ  18  with  28  He  111  torpedo  planes,  20  Ju  88 's  and 
8  He  115  torpedo  planes.   The  Air  Commander,  North  dispatched  an 
additional  18  torpedo  planes  and  17  bombers.   The  Air  Force  reported 
as  definitely  sunk  today  9  merchant  vessels  totalling  61,000  GRT,  as 
probably  sunk  1  tanker  and  5  merchant  vessels  with  48,000  GRT,  as 
damaged  10  or  12  steamers  with  a  total  90,000  GRT,  conceding  the 
possibility  of  duplications. 

Group  North  reports  the  following  plan  for  operations  of  the  surface 
forces  against  convoy  0J?  14,  since  the  SCIIEER  is  not  participating: 

(1)  Alternative  A:   As  soon  as  reconnaissance  results  are  avails- 
able,  the  HIPPER  will  set  out  with  4  destroyers.   Prior  to  this  2 
destroyers  will  transfer  to  Kirkenes  from  where  they  will  sail  immedi- 
ately after  receipt  of  word  that  QP  14  has  been  sighted;  their  task  is 
to  maintain  contact  for  the  HIPPER  force.   Code  word  of  operation  is 
"Meisenbalz  I". 

(2)  Alternative  B:   If  QP  14  is  not  sighted,  the  HIPPER  with  her 
escort  of  4  destroyers  will  proceed  in  the  direction  of  Matochkin 
Strait.   She  will  comb  the  presumed  route  of  the  convoy  as  far  as 
latitude  Kostin  Strait  and  return,  depending  on  the  situation,  either 
to  Kirkenes  or  Alta  Fjord.   Code  name  of  operation  is  "T.Ieisenbalz  II". 

(3)  Both  alternative  A  and  B  depend  on  the  location  of  the  S CHEER 
force  and  on  whether  the  HIPPER  force  can  leave  the  inter-island 
waters  undetected.   Operation  A  or  B  must  start  on  the  evening  of  13 
Sep.  at  the  latest. 

(4)  In  the  event  that  neither  of  these  alternatives  should  ma- 
terialize for  the  above  reasons,  the  HIPPER  with  an  escort  of  3  or  4 
destroyers  will  carry  out  a  mine-laying  mission  at  the  northwestern 
tip  of  Novaya  Zemlya  after  the  approach  of  PQ  18.   At  the  same  time 
the  SCHEER  will  be  withdrawn  to  Trondheim  v/ith  2  destroyers  to  which 

2  torpedo  boats  will  be  added  at  Narvik.   In  case  of  favorable  weather^ 
the  SCIIEER  will  proceed  directly  to  Germany. 

At  1430  Group  North  was  instructed  by  telephone  that  the  commitment  of 
the  surface  forces  is  subject  to  the  approval  of  the  Naval  Staff. 

At  1700  Group  North  telephoned  for  approval  of  operation  "L'eisenbalz 
II".   The  Group  plans  to  keep  the  sailing  -route  of  the  RIPPER  and  her 
4  destroyers  far  enough  from  the  northern  Russian  coast  to  minimize  as 
much  as  possible  the  threat  from  the  reinforced  British  Air  Force.   In 
the  Naval  Staff's  opinion  the  operation  may  either  result  In  complete 
failure  due  to  the  lack  of  reliable  information  or,  if  the  convoy  has 
actually  sailed  undetected,  lead  to  its  being  annihilated  or  damaged, 


-153-  B-1052 


idlutial 


13    Sep.    1942 


as   it   is   believed  to  be    onl^  weakly  prote 

I  ie    Chief,    Kaval    5t  :    .ailed    :  vc-r   the    tel«  In    tl  :on 

':;.•   the   Puehrer,    who   once  phaalzed   :  .--    value    ::    t  Lps   in  Hor- 

the   necessity   of   avoiding  losses  vithout  ret    rn«     I 

Chief,  baff  bellei  af   r:::e;:    Cor    the 

planned    apei  re    :r.all   l.-.:    "  -  can   t  tot    as  sin 

responsibility  of  risking   losses   fr  1   nesj   for 

this    reas~r.   he   decides    against   the   1.  -est.  lee  Is  Ion 

-  .      :     _.  oder   In    Zhief,    -      t   is   tra.-.r-  i:ted  to  Sroup   Perth  at    1    IS    by 
telephone   after   the   Ccrr.  idmiral,    Src  reported  t 

admiral ,   arctic  3   :eer.    llrected  to    refrain  fror.  dispatching   the 

E    iestrcpers   to  Kirher.es   as    orderei   earlier   t;   3-r :  -~    Perth   ir.    -  na- 

tion for   operation   ^ieisenbalz  II". 

at    1914,    3r:-r   Perth  advised  the   admiral,   Arctic   Ocean  and  the    5th  Air 
Prrce,   with   copies  to  the  Kaval  Staff  and   the   Corz-.a;  admiral,    lor- 

ap,    that    permission   :":r  operation   nP.ei  sere  alt'  not    been   gr 

and   that    their   activities    are   to    :e    confined   to    attaehs    on    daraped 
shirs    if   the    epportunity  presents    itself.      The    stand-by  order   for  the 
Air    Perce    is    thereby    cancelled. 

The   HIPPER,    the   Bth  Destroyer  Flotilla  and   the   1?~Z~.:  are  on  3  hour 
readiness. 

I-roup    Perth    relieve;    th  \:    i:  Id    :e    desirarle    t:    have    a    submarine 

equipped  as  fuel  tanker  for  submarine  operations  in  the  Arctic  Ccean 
ana  requests  the  assignment  of  n7B  2"  as  soon  as  it  is  ready  for  op- 
erations, or  cf  another  similar  s  le  vessel.  The  3reup  relieves 
that  such  a  submarine  would  be  particularly  desirable  for  the  period 
when  the  operatiens  area  in  the  Arctic  Ccean  and  the  Kara  Sea  is  in- 
creased through   the   receding  ice. 


rine    "arfare 


_.::ervv    Situ    tier. 


1    recommit  activity   In   t  rth  Atlantic. 

■nmeroua   subrjarire   sighting  mc  s   "..'ere   Intercepted  from  the   vestern 

Atlantic;    4   subnarines   v.ere   reported    on   the   r>crthem  route,    1   off  the 
Ian   coast,    E     jff    the    U.S.   cc  ir.    the    TtfrkVcean.      In   the 


-»»- 


IV.   Shag-rra>t  Baltic  Sea  i_r.tra.-. ;  es ,  Baltic  Sea 

ng  to  report  from  the  area  ef  the  Commanding  Admiral,  De- 
fenses, Baltic  Sea. 

■aval  Station,  Baltic  ordered  the  suspension  of  shipping  on  rcutes 
"35n  and  n37n  for  the  tine  being  and  released  instructions  regard! 
new  routes  "40a  "  and  "43".   For  details  see  lelegran  C145. 

Klnelaying  and  r.iresweeping  activities  i..  the  area  of  the  rcrrtander, 
Minesweepers,  Baltic  Sea  suffered  from  bad  weather.   Convoy  service 
:eeded  according  to  plan. 


1 


1 


conriDL.:;TiAil 

13  Sep.  1942 

latter  area  a  submarine  attack  was  reported. 

2.    Own  Situation: 

Concerning  operations  against  convoy  PQ  18  see  Own  Situation, 
Arctic  Ocean. 

Further  successes  were  achieved  against  the  westbound  convoy  in  the 
North  Atlantic  (quadrants  3C  62,  63,  etc.)  by  Group  "Vorwaerts".   Sub- 
marine U  tt594H  sank  the  steaner  STONESTREET  (6,131  GIT),  submarine  U 
"92"  scored  3  hits  on  3  steamers  totalling  17,000  GRT,  bat  was  unable 
to  observe  their  sinking  on  account  of  strong  counteraction.   The 
success  of  the  group's  operation  against  this  convoy  has  thus  reached 
97,000  GUT. 

This  must  be  appreciated  all  the  more  as  it  was  achieved 
without  any  loss  among  our  submarines  and  partly  by  in- 
experienced crews  on  their  first  operation. 

Group  "Loss",  which  is  deployed  in  a  patrol  line  from  quadrant  A J  C631 
to  A J  9796  and  has  been  reinforced  to  12  submarines,  was  ordered  to 
attack  a  convoy  of  more  than  20  steamers  on  a  northeasterly  course 
which  was  located  by  submarine  U  "216"  in  quadrant  AK  64.   Details  have 
not  yet  been  reported. 

Nothing  was  heard  about  successes  off  the  American  coast. 

In  the  West  Indies,  submarine  U  "515"  sank  the  tanker  STANVAC  MELBOURNE 
(10.444  GRT)  in  quadrant  ED  9992  and  the  steamer  WOENSDRECKT  (4,668 
GRT).   Submarine  U  "512"  sank  tanker  PATRICK  J.  HURLEY  (10,600  GRT)  by 
gunfire,  following  a  futile  torpedo  attack.   The  submarine  suspects 
that  the  tanker  was  protected  by  anti-torpedo  nets. 

Submarine  U  "558"  sank  a  tanker  of  7,000  GRT  and  another  of  8,000  GRT 
out  of  a  convoy  in  quadrant  ED  8378,  and  torpedoed  with  2  hits  each  a 
steamer  of  5,000  GRT  and  a  tanker  of  7,000  GRT. 

No  successes  were  reported  from  the  Mediterranean. 

In  the  South  Atlantic,  steamer  TR3VILLEY  (5,300  GRT)  was  sunk  on  12 
Sep.  in  quadrant  FF  8588  by  submarine  U  "68". 

More  news  in  supplement  to  submarine  situation,  War  Diary,  Part  D,  Vol. 
IV« 

On  12  Sep.  submarine  U  "156"  of  Group  "Eisbaer"  sank  the  3ritish  troop 
transport  LAC01IIA  at  040  52'  S,  11°  28'  W,  which  is  8'  within  the  per- 
missible area  of  attack.   Following  the  sinking  it  was  learned  that  the 
steamer  had  1,500  Italian  war  prisoners  on  board;  200  of  them  were 
picked  up  by  submarine  U  "156",  while  many  hundreds  more  were  in  life- 
boats and  rafts.   The  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  ordered  all  sub- 
marines in  the  vicinity  to  go  to  the  scene.   The  Italian  submarine 
CAPELLIITI  was  also  directed  there. 

The  first  concern  of  the  Naval  Staff  was  to  relieve  the  submarines  of 
Group  "Eisbaer"  from  participation  in  the  rescue  work  so   that  they 
might  continue  to  the  South  Atlantic;  at  the  same  time  a  way  to  save 
the  survivors  had  to  be  found.   This  could  have  been  done  either  by 
bringing  them  to  the  French  Ivory  Coast  port  of  Dlngerville  on  board 
our  submarines,  or,  as  suggested  by  the  captain  of  submarine  U  "156", 
by  proposing  to  the  British  via  the  international  steamer  frequency 


-155-  B-1052 


ccy7zzl::.zxl 

13  Sep.  19 42 

that  the  scene  of  the  sinking  be  declared  a  neutral  area.   In  this 
event  v;e  would  promise  not  to  attach  any  of  the  ships  dispatched  to  the 
rescue  if  the  sane  assurance  were  received  for  ou-  submarines. 

The  Chief  of  Staff,  Naval  Staff  rrucr^  i  Irst  alternative  and  the 

Commanding  Admiral,  Submarine a  was  therefore  instructed  as  follows: 
"All  s  _lr.es  are  to  head  for  5 '.:.  ~erville .  It  should  be  attempted 
to  transfer  survivors  to  French  vessels  at  sea.  If  this  proves  Im- 
possible, disembark  at  Bingerville."  Simultaneously,  Vichy  was  re- 
quested through  the  Foreign  Office  to  dispatch  vessels  from  Bi.nger- 
ville  directly  to  the  scene  to  meet  our  submarines. 

The  question  o^   neutralizing  the  scene  of  the  sinking  \/as  submitted 
for  examination  to  the  Foreign  Office     to  the  Kaval  Representative 
on  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Operations  Staff.   Before  the  Foreign 
Office  was  able  to  comment  on  the  matter,  the  Naval  Aide  of  the 
Fuehrer  communicated  the  latter' s  decision: 

(1)   The- re  can  be  no  question  of  notifying  the  British. 

(P)   £     rir.e  U  "156"  should  simply  have  -/merged  and  left. 

(3)  The  continuati      operation  "Eisbaer"  is  the  first  con- 
3 i deration. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  was  therefore  advised  as  follows: 

(1)  The  French  have  been  requested  to  dispatch  vessels  from 
Bingerville  and  to  prepare  for  possible  arrival  of  German  submarines. 

So  far  no  reply  has  been  received. 

(2)  Operation  "Disbaer"  is  not  to  be  held  up  by  rescue  work, 
therefore  only  such  boats  are  to  participate  which       !   slong  to 
that  group.   Should  submarines  of  group  "Lisbaer"  aire      e  engaged, 
they  are  to  be  relieved  as  soon  as  possible.   Hartenstein  should  ex- 
plain about  his  supply  and  fresh  water  situation  so  that  if  possible 
the  submarine  can  take  -art  in  operation  "Eisbaer". 

(3)  The  neutralization  of  the  scene  of  sinking  or  an  agreement 
bh  the  British  cannot  be  considered. 

At  1920  the  Foreign  Office  transmitted  an  affirmative  reply,  according 
to  which  fast  vessels  and  planes  are  being  dispatched  at  once  from 
Dakar  and  Bingerville. 

The  II  aval  Staff  notifies  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  of  this 
reply  and  requests  to  be  kept  constantly  informed  about  the  positions 
of  the  submarines. 

For  the  information  of  the  French,  the  German  Armistice  Commission  Is 
instructed  by  the  llaval  Staff  as  follows  : 

(1)  The  submarines  were  ordered  to  head  for  point  1°  57'  S,  11° 
22'  H  in  quadrant  77   4406  where  they  are  to  be  met  by  French  vessels 
for  the  transfer  of  survivors. 

(2)  Suggested  identification  signals  for  German  submarines  and 

French  vessels: 

a.    Star  shells:   for  calls  1  red  and  1  green  star,  for  re- 
plies 2  green  stars. 


-156- 


-> 


"> 


CONFIDUITIAL 
13  Sep.  1942 

b.    Letters  for  light  signals  or  Morse  lanp:  for  calls  GU, 
for  replies  DB. 

(3)   The  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  urgently  requests  thct  no 
planes  be  dispatched,  because  submarines  roust  fear  approaching  planes 
and  would  have  to  submerge  at  once. 

A  communication  from  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  to  the  German 
Armistice  Commission  reveals  that  submarine  U  "156"  is  headed  for  01 
57'  S,  11°  21'  V7,  where  she  will  transfer  survivors  probably  on  14  and 
15  Sep.  to  2  type  IX  submarines  and  the  Italian  submarine  GAFELLINIj 
these  in  turn  will  put  into  Bingerville. 

Tor  the  Naval  Staff's  notification  of  the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy 
see  Telegram  1917. 

The  following  final  report  is  transmitted  to  Fuehrer  Headquarters  and 
the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Operations  Staff: 

♦ 

(1)  The  submarines  were  instructed  that  operation  "Eisbaer"  is 
not  to  be  delayed  by  rescue  operations.   Submarines  of  group  ''Eisbaer** 
which  do  not  carry  survivors  continue  on  their  course  to  the  South 
Atlantic,  those  with  survivors  on  board  are  to  transfer  them  as  quick- 
ly as  possible.   The  submarines  have  distributed  the  survivors  as 
directed,  so  as  to  be  able  to  submerge. 

(2)  The  French  were  requested  by  way  or   the  Foreign  Office  to 
dispatch  vessels  from  Bingerville  to  the  scene  of  the  sinking.   The 
French  promised  to  send  fast  vessels  immediately,  possibly  also  a 
warship.   The  German  Armistice vCommls si on  and  the  Commanding  Admiral, 
Submarines  are  in  touch  with  each  other  with  regard  to  further  rescue 
measures . 


VI.   Aerial  VJarfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity: 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Incursions : 

About  IPO  enemy  planes  penetrated  into  northwestern  Germany 
during  the  night  of  13  Sep.   Attacks  concentrated  on  Bremen  where  very 
heavy  damage  was  caused.   For  details  see  daily  situation  report. 

A  few  planes  flew  also  into  Rumania  from  the  east  anc1  dropped  bombs  on 
Bucharest . 

3.  Mediterranean  Theater: 
Nothing  to  report.' 

4.  Eastern  Front: 

Reconnaissance  activity  over  the  Black  Sea  and  Caspian  Sea. 
Regarding  operations  against  convoy  PQ,  18  see  Own  Situation,  Arctic 
Ocean. 


-157-  8-1052 


13  Sep.  1942 


CONFIDENTIAL 


VII.  Warfare  In  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Dlack  Sea 

1.    Eneny  Situation,  Mediterranean: 

According  to  an  Italian  report,  a  convoy  from  the  British 
Isles  Is  expected  at  Gibraltar  during  the  next  few  days. 

Submarines  were  sighted  in  the  forenoon  off  La  Spezia,  off  Ragusa,  south 
of  Cape  Krio  (Crete)  and  east  of  Tobruk. 

German  planes  in  the  eastern  Mediterranean  sighted  2  steaners  and  4 
escort  vessels  on  an  easterly  course  north  of  Alexandria,  and  6  light 
ships  15  miles  northeast  of  Alexandria,  proceeding  at  full  speed  on  a 
westerly  course. 

Radio  monitoring  revealed  lively  submarine  activity  in  the  eastern 
Mediterranean.    In  addition,  reports  of  British  planes  were  intercepted 
at  noon  about  a  westbound  convoy  of  1  steamer  and  1  destroyer  and  also 
about  2  northeast-bound  destroyers  escorted  by  a  plane  off  the  west 
coast  of  Crete. 

•  2.    Own  Situation,  Mediterranean: 

Heavy  air  attacks  on  anti-aircraft  and  searchlight  batteries 
of  Tobruk  began  at  2045,  which  were  still  in  progress  at  midnight. 

A  naval'  barge  was  damaged  by  a  mine  in  the  harbor  while  leaving  Tobruk 
at  noon. 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa; 

Supply  transports  from  Italy  to  North  Africa  proceeded  ac- 
cording to  plan,  those  from  Greece  to  North  Africa  suffered  from  bad 
weather.  For  the  same  reason  coastal  supply  traffic  in  North  Africa 
had  to  be  suspended. 

4.  Area  Naval  Group  South: 
Aegean  Sea: 

Nothing  to  report  about  the  naval  situation. 

Group  South'reports  that  during  the  month  of  August  1942  9  submarines 
and  72  merchant  vessels  of  32,214  GRT  transporting  782  men  were  es- 
corted In  the  Aegean  Sea,  in  addition  to  which  51  merchant  vessels  of 
7,132  GRT  proceeded  unescorted.   Auxiliary  sailing  vessels  of  6,900 
GRT  transported  470  men. 

The  above-mentioned  traffic  suffered  3  enemy  air  attacks.   Enemy  sub- 
marines caused  the  loss  of  steamers  WARTFELS  and  CAMPERIO  and  of  4 
auxiliary  sailing  vessels.   Italian  traffic  through  the  area  is  not 
included  in  above  compilation. 

Black  Sea: 

Enemy  Situation: 

Radio  monitoring  revealed  that  up.  to  0600  1  cruiser,  1 
flotilla  leader  and  1  destroyer  were  at  sea  in  the  southeastern  portioiji. 
In  the  same  area  5  destroyers,  2  large  ships  and  2  submarine  tenders 
were  located  in  the  evening;  also  7  submarines  at  sea  at  unidentified 
positions. 


0 


I 


-158- 


B-1052 


1 


") 


CONFIDENT  IAI) 
13  Sep.  1942 

Own  Situation: 

Due  to  the  weather  situation,  the  scheduled  PT  boat  opera- 
tion off  Novorossisk  had  to  be  cancelled.   Mine-sweeping  proceeded  ac- 
cording to  plan.   3  Italian  submarines  sailed  from  Constanta  for 
Sulina  on  their  way  east.   The  2  remaining  Italian  submarines  trans- 
ferred to  Burgas  for  operations  at  the  entrance  of  the  Bosporus.   Only 
3  of  the  Italian  subchasers  and  2  ships  of  the  1st  PT  Boat  Flotilla 
are  ready  for  operations.   3  naval  barges  were  newly  commissioned.  Con-y 
voy  and  transport  services  proceeded  according  to  plan.   It  is  belated-* 
ly  reported  that  on  11  Sep.  1  barge  loaded  with  steel  girders  and  1 
motor  boat  sank  and  one  barge  ran  aground  off  Dolyanskaya,  all  of  which 
were  in  tow. 

During  the  month  of  August,  15  warships  were  escorted  in  the  Black  Sea, 
in  addition  to  114  merchant  vessels  totalling  91,061  GRT;  besides,  194 
unescorted  merchant  vessels  of  7,570  GRT,  which  carried  760  men 
in  addition  to  other  cargo.   Enemy  air  attacks  on  convoys  occurred 
every  day.   An  enemy  submarine  sank  1  barge;  1  tugboat,  1  naval  barge 
and  1  Siebel  ferry  were  sunk  by  mines.  A  total  of  41  mines  was  swept. 

Special  Items : 

1.  Regarding  Group  South' s  proposal  to  replace  naval  barges  tempor- 
arily by  Siebel  ferries  for  operation  "Bluecher",  the  Armed  Forces 
High  Command,  Operations  Staff  states  that  utmost  importance  is  placed 
on  terminating  this  operation;  that  therefore  no  naval  barges  should 
be  withdrawn,  if  possible,  and  necessary  repairs  should  be  postponed 
till  after  the  operation  is  concluded.   The  Armed  Forces  High  Command 
counts  on  additional  I  naval  barges  becoming  available  continuously. 

This  decision  is  transmitted  to  Group  South  by  Telegram  1918. 

2.  In  connection  with  its  proposal  to  attack  the  Russian  Black  Sea 
fleet  with  planes,  Group  South  reports  that  according  to  a  communica- 
tion from  Army  Group  A,  the  Air  Force  will  primarily  be  assigned  to 
support  Army  operations  for  the  duration  of  the  favorable  season;  Army 
Group  A  therefore  considers  that  the  time  to  concentrate  on  the  Russian 
fleet  will  come  only  when  weather  conditions  deteriorate.   Group  South 
suggests  informing  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command  of  the  above.   (See 
Telegram  1945. ) 

The  Naval  Representative  on  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Operations 
Staff  is  notified. 


VTII.  Situation  East  Asia 

The  U.S.  Navy  Department  announces  continued  Japanese  efforts  to 
oust  U.S.  forces  from  Guadalcanal^nd  Tulagi.   More  Japanese  reinforce- 
ments have  been  put  ashore. 

Allied  Headquarters  reports  the  sinking  of  a  Japanese  destroyer  off  the 
Norman by  Island  by  a  direct  bomb  hit.  According  to  press  reports  from 
Mac  Arthur's  headquarters,  the  situation  of  Port  Moresby  has  taken  a 
grave  turn  for  the  worse  because  the  Japanese  have  passed  the  highest 
elevation  on  their  advance  from  Buna  toward  Port  Moresby. 


-159- 


B-105  2 


CONFIDEmAL 
i 

13   Sep.    19  42 

IX.   Army  Situation 

1.  Russian  Front: 

Army  Group  A: 

Chmaidia,  west  of  Llozdok,  was  taken  after  bitter  fighting. 
Also  Nizhni  Kurp  fell  into  our  hands  after  a  hard  struggle.   Strong 
enemy  air  attacks  were  ncde  on  the  spearheads  of  our  attacking  forces. 

Army  Group  Bt 

At  Stalingrad  our  forces  south  of  the  railroad  broke  through 
enemy  lines  and  penetrated  deeper  into  the  suburbs.   North  of  Stalin- 
grad v/e  succeeded  in  taking  the  Tartar  I.'oat  by  assault  and  in  captur- 
ing a  city  block  and  barracks  to  the  west  of  it.   Pressure  on  the 
strip  between  the  Volga  River  and  the  railroad  was  weaker  today. 

Central  Army  Group: 

Several  enemy  attacks  west  of  Zubtsov  were  repulsed.  Another 
attack  north  of  Rzhev  also  failed. 

Northern  Army  Group; 

Repeated  enemy  attacks  on  our  positions  south  of  Lake  Ladoga 
were  repulsed,  the  enemy  suffering  heavy  losses. 

2.  Finnish  Front: 

At  the  southeastern  front  sector  the  enemy  attacked  an  ad- 
vanced fortified  post  with  tanks  and  armored  train;  he  was  thrown  back 
after  a  temporary  penetration.   At  the  I'urnansk  sector,  2  Russian  in- 
fantry companies  landed  on  the  south  shore  of  I'otovsky  Bay  and  with- 
drew after  destroying  2  strongpoints.   According  to  prisoners,  an 
offensive  from  the  Rybachi  Peninsula  is  planned  around  15  Sep.  in  order 
to  establish  connection  with  the  Litsa  front. 

3.  North  Africa: 

No  situation  report  has  been  received. 


( 


-160-  B-10S2 


-> 


CONFIDENTIAL 
14  Sep.  1942 

Items  of  Political  Importance 

Australia; 

The  Prime  Minister  urged,  in  a  statement  about  the  war  situation,  that 
Australia's  Army  should  be  sufficiently  strong  to  send  reinforcements 
to  the  Middle  East  if  necessary  in  addition  to  being  able  to  defend 
herself.   Australia  cannot  expect  the  Allies  to  supply  shipping,  since 
they  need  all  transport  vessels  for  other  purposes. 

Chile; 

According  to  the  Transocean  Nev/s  Agency,  the  Chilean  Senate  voted  to 
support  the  President's  policy  of  non-belligerence.  Communists  and 
Socialists  refrained  from  introducing  a  resolution  calling  for  a  break 
in  relations  with  the  Axis  Powers. 

Turkey; 

British  circles  in  Ankara  are  responsible  for  the  rumor  according  to 
which  Willkie  offered  Turkey  equipment  for  6  motorized  divisions  and 
financial  assistance  under  the  Lend-Lease  Law,  in  return  for  which 
Turkey  is  to  remain  neutral.   In  addition,  Willkie  is  said  to  have 
proposed  that  Turkey  take  over  the  Russian  Black  Sea  fleet  and  thus 
strengthen  her  own  naval  defenses  if  and  when  the  opportunity  arises. 
Turkish  political  circles  offer  a  completely  different  version  about 
Willkie' s  mission  by  contending  that  his  visit  was  merely  the  outcome 
of  Turkey's  request  for  clarification  about  her  inclusion  in  the  list 
of  beneficiaries  of  the  Lend-Lease  Law,  a  measure  taken  by  the  U.S.A. 
without  Turkey's  knowledge.   Willkie  arrived  at  Bagdad  on  12  Sep.  and 
was  received  by  the  Regent  on  13  Sep.,  to  whom  he  allegedly  handed  a 
letter  from  President  Roosevelt  containing  the  offer  of  a  personal 
guaranty  of  Iraq's  post-war  independence,  if  Iraq  would  actively  take 
part  in  the  war  on  the  side  of  the  Allies,    The  Prime  Minister  is  said 
to  have  reiterated  the  assurance  that  Iraq  would  enter  the  war  on  the 
Allied  side  if  the  war  should  approach  the  Near  East  from  the  Caucasus. 


Special  Item; 

The  Permanent  Representative  of  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  at  the 
Fuehrer  Headquarters  communicated  on  5  Sep.  that  the  Fuehrer,  on  the 
basis  of  the  first  report  concerning  the  sinking  of  the  mine  ship  ULM, 
had  voiced  his  intention  to  issue  an  order  to  the  effect  that  our  war- 
ships should  act  in  similar  cases  exactly  as  the  British  did,  who 
allegedly  machine-gunned  the  survivors  who  had  taken  to  lifeboats.  The 
Naval  Staff  was  to  submit  proposals  whether  this  procedure  was  to  be 
followed  in  the  case  of  warships  only  or  also  in  the  case  of  merchant 
vessels;  furthermore,  whether  the  order  was  to  be  given  only  to  sub- 
marines or  to  the  other  naval  forces,  too.   In  keeping  with  the  Naval 
Staff's  opinion  expressed  during  the  conference  on  the  situation  with 
the  Chief,  Naval  Staff  (see  War  Diary  of  11  Sep.),  the  Naval  Staff 
urgently  requested  in  a  telegram  to  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command, 
Operations  Staff  that  the  nev/s  about  the  ULM's  sinking  not  be  published 
and  all  steps  considered  in  this  connection  be  postponed,  since  in- 
formation about  the  machine-gunning  of  the  survivors  is  insufficient 
so  far,  and  the  investigation  has  not  been  completed.   On  the  same  day 
Group  North  was  requested  to  clarify  a  number  of  points  which  are  de- 
cisive for  evaluating  the  British  behavior  from  the  viewpoint  of 


_l6l-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
14  Sep.  1942 

international  law.   On  13  Sep.  Group  North  replied  that  it  had  reached 
the  conclusion  after  renewed  questioning  of  the  survivors  that  there 
is  no  proof  of  deliberate  firing  on  survivors,  but  that  the  enemy- 
apparent  ly  had  done  nothing  toward  their  rescue. 

Today,  the  Naval  Staff  submitted  a  detailed  report  to  the  Armed  Forces 
High  Command,  Operations  Staff  and  to  the  Permanent  Representative  of 
the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  at  the  Fuehrer  Headquarters  and  suggested 
that  before  ordering  any  retaliatory  measures  it  should  be  considered 
whether  these  would  not  affect  ourselves  more  than  the  enemy.   For 
evaluating  this  case  it  is  important  to  keep  in  mind  that  no  evidence 
has  been  found  thus  far  that  British  authorities  ever  ordered  the  use 
of  weapons  against  German  survivors.   It  could  therefore  be  taken  for 
granted  that,  if  the  existence  of  such  a  German  order  became  known, 
the  enemy's  propaganda  would  exploit  it  in  a  manner,  the  consequence 
of  which  can  hardly  be  estimated.  A  detailed  analysis  of  the  problem 
is  contained  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  VIII. 


( 


Situation  14  Sep.  1942 

I.   War  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.  Enemy  Situation; 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  requests  an  order  to  CHARLOTTE 
SCHLIEMANN  to  proceed  to  Medan  through  the  Sunda  Strait  in  order  to 
pick  up  German  seamen. 

With  regard  to  the  difficult  fuel  situation  emphasized  by  the  Japanese 

in  connection  with  the  stay  of  ship  W10H  in  Japan,  the  Naval  Attache  at 

Tokyo  suggests  that  after  completion  of  repairs,  ship  w10n  fill  up 

with  Diesel  oil;*  additional  later  fuel  requirements  should  then  be  for* 

warded  to  her  by  Etappe  Japan  early  in  1943  by  means  of  a  supply  ship 

or  a   blockade  runner.   The  Attache  reports  that  the  Japanese  Navy 

feels  that  Germany  shows  no  understanding  for  Japanese  fuel  difficulties,        1 

and  calls  attention  to  the  fact  that  Japanese  submarine  operations  are 

being  curtailed  due  to  our  gas  oil  demands.   He  proposes  therefore  to 

have  the  CHARLOTTE  SCHLIEMANN  call  at  Balik  Papan  on  her  voyage  to 

Japan,  where  she  should  take  on  500  tons  of  Tarakan  oil  in  order  to 

test  it  and  should  also  take  along  200  cu.  m.  oil  mixture  so  that  ship 

"10n  can  try  it  out.   (See  Telegram  1818.) 

Enemy  situation  report  by  Radiogram  1840. 


-162-  B-1052 


-> 


CONFIDENTIAL 
14  Sep.  1942 

II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

According  to  an  intelligence  report,  another  landing  attempt 
was  scheduled  for  15  Sep.  in  the  vicinity  of  Bordeaux  and  on  the 
Channel  coast. 

2.  Own  Situation; 

Atlantic  Coast: 

Nothing  to  report . 

Channel  Coast ; 

Patrol  boat  "1807"  struck  a  mine  and  sank  off  Ostend.   Mine- 
laying  operation  "Burgstaken"  was  carried  out  according  to  plan.  Tor- 
pedo operations  of  the  2nd,  4th,  and  6th  PT  Boat  Flotillas  are 
scheduled  for  the  night  of  14  Sep. 

Special  Items: 

a.  Group  West  reports  its  intention  to  lay  a  cutter  float 
barrage  and  2  minefields  in  the  area  north  of  Barfleur.  The  mine- 
fields are  to  be  known  as  "R  VIn,  "Fritz  VIII"  and  "Fritz  IX".   Code 
names:  "Weichsel",  "Oder",  and  "Elbe". 

b.  In  connection  with  the  defense  of  the  Scheldt  estuary  the 
Commander  in  Chief,  Armed  Forces,  West  asked  for  confirmation  that  24 
naval  barges  now  at  Antwerp,  3  or  4  naval  barges  at  Breskens,  6  vessel^ 
of  the  Rhine  Flotilla  at  Flushing,  2  fishing  steamers,  8  large 
drifters  and  16  trawlers  belonging  to  the  32nd  Minesweeper  Flotilla 
would  be  at  his  disposal  in  the  event  of  any  fighting  at  the  Scheldt 
estuary. 

Following  consultation  with  Group  North,  the  Naval  Staff  informed  the 
Commanding  General,  Armed  Forces,  West  that  the  ,712th  Division  is 
directly  in  touch  with  the  Commander,  Amphibious  Forces  regarding  the 
use  of  the  naval  barges.   At  the  present  time  16  naval  barges  are 
available  at  Antwerp,  5  more  are  temporarily  out  of  commission.   3  na- 
val barges  are  ready  for  operations  at  Breskens.   The  vessels  of  the 
Rhine  Flotilla  as  well  as  the  32nd  Minesweeper  Flotilla  have  assign- 
ments of  their  own  in  case  of  action.  Any  unassigned  vessels  in  the 
harbor  ready  for  operations  are  at  the  Army's  disposal. 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.   North  Sea: 

Enemy  Situation: 

Lively  reconnaissance  activity  in  the  direction  of  the  Nord 
Fjord,  Jutland  and  the  southern  part  of  the  North  Sea.   Radio  monitor- 
ing intercepted  a  report  by  a  British  plane  about  ah  attack  on  a  sub- 
marine 140  miles  west  of  Stadland. 


B-1052 

-165- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
14  Sep.  1942 

Own  Situation: 

It  is  reported  belatedly  that  nine -exploding  vessels  swept 
4  ground  mines  on  13  Sep.  3  more  ground  mines  were  swept  on  14  Sep. 
by  the  13th  and  21st  Minesweeper  Flotillas. 

Convoy  and  patrol  services  proceeded  according  to  plan. 

A  single  enemy  plane  dropped  4  demolition  bombs  on  Wilhelmshaven  at 
0627;  3  buildings  were  damaged.  3  demolition  bombs  were  dropped  at 
Groden  near  Cuxhaven. 

At  2315  a  heavy  enemy  air  raid  on  Cuxhaven  began,  which  was  still  in 
progress  at  midnight. 

2.  Norway; 

Enemy  air  activity  is  reported  at  the  northern  coast  in  the 
Bodoe  area  and  at  the  west  coast  in  the  areas  of  Haugesund  and 
Stavanger  on  13  Sep.  and  in  the  Kristiansand  South  area  on  14  Sep. 

A  4-row  net  barrage  was  laid  in  Skjomen  Fjord  according  to  plan. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  reports  his  intention  to  lay  the 
Malangen  Fjord  minefield  at  once,  because  the  delivery  date  of  cutter 
floats  for  water  depths  of  100  m  to  500  m  is  still  absolutely  in- 
definite according  to  information  from  the  Mining  and  Barrage  In- 
spectorate.  The  Mine-Laying  Experimental  Command  did  not  receive  the 
order  from  the  Naval  High  Command  to  develop  the  cutter  floats  until 
12  Sep. 

Transport  and  convoy  services  in  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral, 
Norway  proceeded  according  to  plan. 

3.  Arctic  Ocean: 

Enemy  Situation: 

The  official  Russian  News  Agency  reports  the  sinking  of  a 
submarine  by  Russian  ships  in  the  Barents  Sea  on  12  Sep. 

Rad4 n  monitoring  revealed  that  not  more  than  2  British  ships  were 
present  in  the  Archangel  area.   Betv/een  2  and  5  Russian  submarines 
were  located  at  sea.   Reports  about  German  submarines  were  intercepted 
from  45  miles  west  and  84  miles  south  of  the  South  Cape;  these  nessages 
were  broadcast  by  the  Commander  in  Chief  of  the  Russian  Arctic  Ocean 
fleet. 

Own  Situation: 

After  careful  examination  of  the  available  information,  the 
Air  Commander,  Lofoten  Islands  reports  the  number  of  merchant  vessels 
composing  convoy  PQ  le  as  45  at  0855  of  13  Sep.  and  as  43  after  1000. 
Between  these  hours  2  ships  were  sunk  by  German  submarines.  (See  War 
Diary  of  13  Sep.) 

Our  submarines  established  contact  with  PQ  18.  At  2330  of  13  Sep.  sub- 
marine U  "457"  observed  the  convoy  assembling  west  of  South  Cape 
escorted  by  an  aircraft  carrier.   Submarine  U  w403"  was  damaged  by 
aerial  mines  and  depth  charges  and  is  now  operating  against  stragglers. 


.1^4-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
14  Sep.  1942 

The  submarines  were  driven  from  the  convoy  in  the  course  of  the  day  by 
strong  air  and  destroyer  escorts  and  had  to  keep  at  a  safe  distance 
also  on  account  of  the  continuous  attacks  by  German  air  forces.   Our 
offensive  operations  therefore  met  with  difficulties.   Submarine 
U  "457"  sank  a  6,000  GRT  tanker  and  a  4,000  GRT  steamer  at  0400  and  be- 
lieves to  have  scored  2  hits  on  a  destroyer.   In  the  afternoon  sub- 
marine. U  "377"  reported  a  subchaser  disguised  as  a  merchant  vessel. 
A  submarine  which  sailed  from  Bergen  is  headed  for  quadrant  AD  26  and 
has  orders  to  look  for  daraged  vessels  on  the  convoy  route. 

The  Air  Commander,  Lofoten  Islands  dispatched  36  torpedo  planes  and  18 
bombers  against  convoy  PQ  18  after  1530.   The  5th  Air  Force  reports 
today's  result  as  6  steamers  and  1  tanker  with  a  total  of  49,000  GRT 
sunk,  as  well  as  1  destroyer.   In  addition,  3  steamers  of  21,000  GRT 
were  damaged  and  a  destroyer  probably  damaged.   The  aircraft  carrier 
may  have  been  hit  by  3  aerial  torpedoes;  columns  of  water  were  ob- 
served.  However,  no  confirmation  of  any  damage  has  been  received  as 
yet.   The  convoy  was  last  sighted  at  1900  on  a  southerly  course  and 
consisted  at  that  time  of  28  merchant  vessels. 


IV.   Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

.4  bombs  each  were  dropped  on  Kiel  and  Luebeck  early  this  morning. 
A  smoke  screen  was  laid  at  0635  for  half  an  hour  around  the  Kiel  ship- 
yards. 

Convoy  and  patrol  activity  in  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  De- 
fenses, Baltic  Sea  proceeded  according  to  plan. 

Bad  weather  continued  to  hamper  minelaying  operations  of  the  Commander, 
Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic  Sea  in  the  eastern  part  of  the  Baltic  Sea. 
Steamer  FINLAND,  carrying  1,000  men  on  leave,  was  damaged  off  Utoe  by 
an  enemy  submarine.   The  ship  is  being  towed  to  port.   Casualties  are 
2  dead  and  25  wounded. 

Convoy  and  transport  services  proceeded  otherwise  according  to  plan. 

Finnish  authorities  suspended  all  sailings  from  Bothnian  Gulf  ports 
until  convoy  service  between  Kasfeo  and  Mantyluoto  has  been  established i 


V.    Merchant  Shipping 

Spanish  ore  shipments  to  Great  Britain  rose  again  during  July  1942. 
The  monthly  average  for  the  January-June  period  amounts  to  approximately 
62,000  tons  of  iron  ore  and  15,000  tons  of  pyrite.   The  corresponding 
figures  for  July  are  about  69,000  and  34,000  tons. 

An  extensive  report  on  the  Spanish  law  of  21  Aug.  tightening  govern- 
ment control  of  sales  of  Spanish  merchant  tonnage  is  among  other  sub- 
jects contained  in  short  report  No.  30/42  of  the  Naval  Staff  Intelli- 
gence Division,  Foreign  Merchant  Marine  Branch.  The  text  of  the  law 
is  also  included. 

According  to  Radio  Daventry,  the  Canadian  Navy  Minister  announced  that 
10,000  ships  loaded  with  ammunition  and  other  supplies  have  crossed  the 
Atlantic  from  Canada  to-"fche-  British  Isl-es—alnce  the  war  began. 


-165- 


B-1052 


::::r:"z:;r:i 


14  Se-.  1942 


According  to  U.S.  federal  shipping  authorities  the  10  U.S.  "Liberty" 
shipyards  delivered  56  Liberty  ships  of  10,000  tons  each  during 
August.   These  vessels  were  built  on  the  average  in  82.89  days  per  ship 
from  keel  laying  to  commissioning. 


VI.   Submarine  V.arfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

Nothing  to  report,  except  the  usual  subnarine  sightings. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

See  Own  Situation,  Arctic  Ocean  regarding  operations  against 
convoy  PQ  18. 

The  operation  against  the  outbound  convoy  in  the  llorth  Atlantic  by 
Group  "Vorwaerts"  was  called  off  because  chances  of  attack  became  very 
slight  on  account  of  decreasing  visibility.   As  a  further  success  it  is 
reported  that  subnarine  U  "91"  torpedoed  a  2-stack  destroyer  which 
burst  in  flames;  it  was  observed  beyond  doubt  that  another  destroyer 
pulling  up  alongisde  her  was  sunk. 

This  ends  the  list  of  achievements  of  this  remarkable 
operation. 

No  reports  were  received  from  Group  "Loss". 

Our  submarines  were  unable  to  establish  contact  with  the  incoming 
convoy  in  quadrant  AK  62.  Group  "Pfeil"  has  orders  to  terminate  this 
operation  if  the  situation  should  not  change  before  nightfall  and  to 
proceed  to  quadrant  AL  92. 

No  successes  were  reported  from  the  American  coast. 

Submarine  U  "515"  reports  another  success  by  sinking  steamer  OCEiJJ 
GUARD  (8,000  GHT )  and  a  3,500  GET  steamer  in  quadrant  EE  6770. 

Submarine  U  "66"  of  the  South  Atlantic  group  sank  the  unescorted  blacked- 
out  steamer  BREDA  (6,800  C-RT)  in  quadrant  FF  8587. 

For  additional  news  see  Supplement  to  Submarine  Situation  in  War  Diary, 
Part  B,  Vol.  IV. 

Concerning  operations  for  the  rescue  of  the  LACOiriA  survivors: 

The  Commanding  Adniral,  Submarines  is  advised  by  telephone  that  there 
is  a  possibility  of  French  warships  (destroyer  flotilla  leaders)  being 
assigned  to  this  task. 


The  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  suggests  that  it  would 
direct  the  French  to  proceed  to  the  scene  of  the  sinking 
same  time  also  to  the  rendezvous  point  designated  for  the 
survivors.  Since,  however,  according  to  latest  reports, 
of  the  survivors  is  crowded  into  lifeboats,  submarine  U  " 
lng  on  the  scene  for  2  other  submarines  to  arrive.  The  C 
miral,  Submarines  therefore  requests  that  the  French  ship 
directly  to  the  scene  of  the  sinking  and  not  to  the  rende 


be  useful  to 
and  at  the 

delivery  of 
the  ma  lority 
156"  is  wait- 
ommanding  Ad- 
s  be  sent 
zvous  point 


-166- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


14  Sep.  1942 


designated  previously.   At  1020  the  German  Armistice  Commission  re- 
ports that  the  French  were  instructed  accordingly.   At  1530  it  sub- 
mits a  report  about  the  conferences  with  the  French  delegation,  in  the 
course  of  which  the  French  were  advised  that  everything  depends  on  the 
French  .ships  arriving  in  time.   Therefore  the  French  were  requested 
to  report  soon  which  ships  were  sent  and  when  they  can  be  expected  to 
arrive.   (See  Telegram  1530.) 

The  French  replied  that  a  GLOIRE  class  cruiser  is  being  ordered  to 
sail  from  Dakar  and  proceed  at  top  speed  to  the  scene  of  the  accident, 
because  the  avisos  DUMONT  D'URVILLE  and  A  MIAMI TE  which  are  1,000  miles 
from  there  could  not  arrive  there  until  the  night  of  16  Sep.  at  the 
earliest.   At  1045  the  order  of  the  naval  commander  at  Dakar  to 
DUMONT  D'URVILLE  was  intercepted  by  radio  monitoring,  directing  her  to 
proceed  at  top  speed  to  01°  5V  S,  11°  22'  W,  where  she  will  meet  3 
German  and  Italian  submarines  loaded  with  survivors. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  requests  the  German  Armistice 
Commission  (with  copy  to  the  Naval  Staff)  to  instruct  the  French  to 
approach  the  sinking  scene  by  daylight  only,  to  release  recognition 
signals  as  early  as  possible,  and  also  to  flash  searchlight  signals, 
to  hoist  the  national  flag  on  the  top  mast  when  nearing  the  scene,  and 
to  flash  the  suggested  radio  signal  over  the  600  m  wavelength  one  hour 
before  reaching  the  spot.   The  French  warships  should  expect  that  the 
submarines  may  be  submerged  at  the  time  of  their  arrival  at  the  rendez- 
vous point. 

Y/ith  these  measures  everything  possible  has  probably  been 
done  to  rescue  the  surviving  Italians. 


VII.  Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity; 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Incursions: 

During  the  night  of  14  Sep.  100  enemy  planes  penetrated  into 
northwestern  Germany  from  the  west.   They  concentrated  their  attacks  0$ 
Wilhelmshaven.   1  attacker  was  shot  down  by  anti-aircraft,  2  by  naval 
anti-aircraft,  and  1  by  fighter  planes.   Preliminary  reports  indicate 
considerable  damage.   For  details  see  daily  situation  report,  where  a 
belated  report  concerning  the  attack  on  Bremen  in  the  night  of  13  Sep. 
will  also  be  found. 

3.  Mediterranean  Theater: 

10  enemy  planes  were  shot  down  at  Tobruk  during  the  night  of 
13  Sep.   In  the  course  of  the  day  German  air  forces  scored  9  direct 
hits  with  250  kg  bombs  on  a  cruiser  which  was  left  burning,  and  1  dir- 
ect hit  each  on  2  destroyers;  these  ships  were  part  of  the  enemy 
force  which  had  attacked  Tobruk.   In  addition  a  PT  boat  loaded  with 
troops  was  sunk. 

4.  Eastern  Front: 

79  enemy  planes  were  shot  down  at  the  various  Army  sectors. 


-167- 


B-1052 


coirpiDLirriAL 

14  Sep.  1942 

Regarding  the  operation  against  convoy  PQ  16  and  its  results  see  Own 
Situation,  Arctic  Ocean. 

Reconnaissance  activity  in  the  Black  Sea  and  the  Caspian  Sea. 

1  steamer  was  sunk  and  2  others  damaged  on  13  Sep.  out  of  a  convoy  on 
Lake  Ladoga.   At  Nov. Ladoga  a  patrol  vessel  was  set  afire. 


VIII.  Warfare  in  the  ?.'.editerranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1.   Enemy  Situation,  Mediterranean* 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Spain,  a  large  ship, 
apparently  a  battleship,  escorted  by  3  small  vessels,  passed  the  Strait 
of  Gibraltar  in  an  easterly  direction  at  2145  of  13  Sep.   At  noon  of 
14  Sep.  a  convoy  of  7  steamers,  2  of  which  were  equipped  with  catapult 
and  plane,  arrived  at  Gibraltar  from  the  Atlantic.  Also  cruiser 
CHARXBDIS  and  a  loaded  steamer  arrived  at  Gibraltar  from  the  Atlantic 
at  0700.   Intensified  patrol  activity  was  observed  in  the  Strait  of 
Gibraltar  in  the  forenoon. 

Messages  from  2  British  ships,  possibly  submarines  were  intercepted  by 
radio  monitoring  in  the  area  between  Minorca  and  Sardinia  during  the 
forenoon  and  from  other  ships  at  sea  in  the  Gibraltar  area  and  east- 
ward. 

Submarines  were  spotted  west  of  Argostoli  and  north  of  Benghazi. 

An  enemy  landing  operation  west  and  east  of  Tobruk  was  carried  out  and 
covered  by  light  naval  forces  at  0045.   After  0700  these  forces  were 
intercepted  and  attacked  by  German  aircraft  northeast  of  Tobruk.   Re- 
ports received  so  far  are  partly  contradictory;  according  to  them  the 
enemy  force  consisted  of  1  or  2  light  cruisers,  6  or  0  destroyers,  and 
a  few  motor  gunboats  which  withdrew  in  an  easterly  direction  after 
suffering  losses.  At  noon  another  force,  probably  1  cruiser  and  6 
destroyers,  was  on  an  easterly  course  60  miles  northeast  of  Marsa 
liatruh.   A  captured  operations  order  revealed  the  enemy's  plans  as 
follows: 

a.  Landings  at  3  points  east  and  wect  of  Tobruk. 

b.  Greatest  possible  destruction  of  harbor  installations. 

c.  Sinking  of  ships  found  in  the  harbor. 

Definitely  lost  were  2  destroyers,  reportedly  of  the  JERVIS  class,  one 
of  which  struck  a  mine  while  the  other  succumbed  to  German  anti-aircraft 
artillery,  2  corvettes,  and  1  motor  gunboat  which  ran  aground.   A  third 
destroyer  was  probably  lost  due  to  an  explosion. 

2.    Own  Situation,  Mediterranean: 

The  heavy  air  raid  on  Tobruk  lasted  until  0310.   At  0045 
unidentified  enemy  units  landed  at  Marsa  Umm,  Esc,  and  Sciausc.   A 
counterattack  was  launched  by  an  Italian  unit.   Around  0430  an  enemy 
ship  shelled  Tobruk  and  the  Derna  road.   At  0045  the  Army  was  already 
in  a  position  to  report  that  the  landing  attempt  had  failed  and  that 
the  naval  forces  had  been  retreating  in  an  easterly  direction  since  0600, 


-168- 


B-1052 


1 


CONFIDENTIAL 
14  Sep.  1942 

At  0630  4  motor  minesweepers  started  a  search  of  the  coast  and  captured 
the  grounded  British  motor  gunboat  "314"  and  130  prisoners,  partly 
survivors  of  the  sunken  destroyer.   Around  noon  the  harbor  situation 
at  Tobruk  had  quieted  down;  no  damage  had  been  caused.   At  2  points 
fighting  was  still  in  progress  against  encircled  small  enemy  detach- 
ments.  The  Navy  suffered  no  casualties  or  losses. 

This  operation  should  probably  be  classified  as  armed 
reconnaissance  and  the  British  Admiralty  termed  it  such* 

During  the  night  of  13  Sep.  Benghazi  was  also  attacked  from  the  air. 
It  is  suspected  that  aerial  mines  were  laid. 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa: 

Proceeded  according  to  plan.   Coastal  shipping  was  resumed 
after  the  weather  improved. 

4.  Area  Naval  Group  South: 
Aegean  Sea: 

Nothing  to  report..  i 

Black  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  spotted  3  steamers  on  a  northwesterly 
course  off  Tuapse  during  the  forenoon.  As  revealed  by  radio  monitoring, 
cruisers  KRASNY  KRIM  and  KRASNY  KAVKAS,  several  submarines,  and  de- 
stroyers were  at  sea  in  the  southeastern  Black  Sea. 

See  Telegram  1806  for  a  report  of  the  Naval  Defense  Command,  Black  Sea 
about  the  1st  Russian  PT  Boat  Division,  and  Telegram  1811  concerning 
the  Dnieper  Flotilla. 

Own  Situation: 

German  PT  boats  operating  southeast  of  Gelendzhik  during  the 
night  of  13  Sep..  encountered  no  ship  traffic.   Minesweeping  in  the  Sea 
of  Azov  and  in  the  Cape  Sarych  and  Kerch  areas  proceeded  according  to 
plan;  the  minefield. 'south  of  Sarych  was  swept  and  the  coastal  route 
from  Balaklava  to  Yalta  checked  for  mines  without  result. 

Heavy  artillery  fire  on  Novorossisk  continued.  The  Naval  Shore  Com- 
mand, Caucasus  reports  losses  of  personnel.   2  small  enemy  ships  of 
unidentified  type  which  tried  to  enter  Anapa  during  the  night  of  12 
Sep.  were  forced  to  withdraw.   Superior  bomber  forces  attacked  Novoros*- 
sisk  all  day  and  night.   Yalta,  too,  was  attacked  again  on  11  Sep. 

Naval  barges,  Siebel  ferries  and  landing  barges  ferried  21,144  men, 
9,229  horses,  and  3,802  vehicles  in  connection  with  operation  "Blueche^" 
up  to  13  Sep. 


-169- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
14  Sop.  1942 

IX.   Situation  East  Asia 

The  U.S.  radio  reports  that  a  Japanese  cruiser  v/as  sunk  and 
another  one  damaged  by  heavy  bombers  in  the  vicinity  of  Inline  Day. 


X.    Army  Situation 

1.  Russian  Front; 

Army  Group  A: 

Heavy  fighting  in  the  Novorosslsk  area  continues.  The  enemy 
showed  remarkable  offensive  activity  at  all  sectors  of  the  Army  Group. 
However,  all  our  positions  were  held. 

Army  Group  D: 

The  battle  for  Stalingrad  continues  in  the  face  of  tough  and 
stubborn  enemy  resistance.   One  of  our  divisions  succeeded  in  penetrat- 
ing the  city  and  reached  the  west  bank  of  the  Volga  River. 

* 

Our  tank  units  in  the  Don  River  bend  northwest  of  Svoboda  went  over  to 
the  offensive. 

Central  Army  Group: 

Strong  eneny  movements  were  observed  in  the  area  south  of 
Sukhinichi.   In  the  Rzhev  area  the  enemy  renewed  his  attacks  with  con- 
siderable forces;  he  succeeded  in  penetrating  into  our  positions  in 
the  Rzhev  city  park.   North  of  Smolensk  our  forces  advanced  north- 
eastward against  partisans . 

Northern  Army  Group; 

An  attack  on  the  Volkhov  sector  succeeded  in  rolling  up  an 
enemy  position  on  a  front  600  m.  wide.   Enemy  units  which  had  penetrated 
into  the  lines  of  the  light  infantry  division  south  of  Lake  Ladoga  were 
cut  off.   The  enemy  probably  has  60  to,  70  batteries  SDuth  of  Lake 
Ladoga  and  35  batteries  on  the  Neva  front. 

2.  Finnish  Front; 

In  the  rear  area  west  of  Alakurtti  an  enemy  detachment 
tried  to  blow  up  the  railroad. 

3.  North  Africa: 

Heavy  enemy  gunfire  along  tho  entire  Egyptian  front  during 
the  night  of  13  Sep.   During  the  day  normal  artillery  and  scouting 
activity  on  both  sides;  lively  enemy  air  reconnaissance. 

The  Dritish  detachments  landed  at  Tobruk  were  destroyed  with  small 
German  losses.   300  prisoners  were  taken  and  a  number  of  landing  craft', 
weapons,  and  equipment  captured. 

Enemy  sabotage  detachments  were  annihilated  by  Italian  troops  near 
Benghazi  and  Barche.   A  few  German  planes  were  destroyed  at  the  Barche 
airfield. 

B-1052 

-170- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
14  Sep.  1942 

An  unconfirmed  report  contends  that  the  enemy  also  dropped  parachutist)* 
in  connection  with  his  landing  attempt;  this  is  denied  by  the  British. 

13  Italian  planes  were  destroyed  through  sabotage  at  2  Italian  air- 
fields on  Rhodes  Island.   During  the  night  of  13  Sep.  a  German  ammuni- 
tion depot  in  Catania  caught  fire. 


1 


-171-  &-105  2 


COKFIDUrriAL 
15   Sep.    1942 

Iter.s  of  Political  Importance 

In  a  message  to  Congress  President  Roosevelt  gave  an  account  of  Lend- 
Lease  activities  for  the  past  1-|-  years.   For  details  see  Political 
Review  No.  216,  par.  1.   On  this  occasion  the  President  declared  that 
the  continuation  of  the  Lend-Lease  program  on  a  scale  sufficient  to 
ensure  the  victory  of  the  Allies  is  dependent  on  a  drastic  curtail- 
ment in  the  consumption  of  consumer  goods.   The  U.S.A.  has  hardly 
reached  the  half-way  mark  on  the  way  to  maximum  war  production. 

France: 

According  to  a  new  law  introducing  compulsory  labor  service,  all  men 
between  10  and  50  years  and  unmarried  women  between  21  and  35  years  of 
ago  are  liable  for  service. 

A  rumor  current  in  foreign  countries  concerning  an  alleged  landing  of 
U.S.  forces  in  French  Equatorial  Africa  and  in  the  Belgian  Congo  is 
not  confirmed  by  authoritative  Vichy  circles. 

China: 

According  to  a  Chungking  report,  Japan  has  had  to  relinquish  most  of 
the  interior  of  Hopel  Province.   The  open  countryside  is  said  to  have 
been  taken  over  by  the  nationalist  guerilla  forces. 

India : 

Unrest  throughout  the  country  and  systematic  destruction  of  railroad 
stations  and  post  offices  continue. 


Special  Items: 

The  Chief,  Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff  has  investigated  the 
possibility  of  damaging  the  enemy  fleets  in  the  North  Atlantic  and  the 
Arctic  Ocean  by  means  of  submarines  to  such  an  extent  that  our  heavy 
surface  forces  can  operate. 

Ke  has  come  to  the  conclusion  that  this  is  impossible.  The  prospects 
of  success  are  so  poor  that  it  would  not  pay  to  divert  the  submarines 
from  operations  against  enemy  merchant  vessels,  and  thus  forego  sink- 
ing these. 

The  situation  would  not  be  changed  materially  if  a  compromise  solution 
were  considered  whereby  fewer  submarines  would  be  assigned  to  the 
above  operations;  the  chances  of  submarines  against  the  much  faster 
surface  ships  are  after  all  very  poor,  particularly  once  the  enemy  is 
on  guard. 

The  analysis  of  the  situation  is  contained  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  under 
l/Skl  I  op  1508/42  Gkdos.  Chefs.,  file  "Fundamental  Problems  of  War- 
fare". 


-172-  B-105  2 


1 


CONFIDENTIAL 
15  Sep.  1942 

Situation  15  Sep.  1942 

I.   War  In  Foreign  Waters 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation; 

The  Naval  Staff  congratulates  ship  "28  "  on  her  latest 
successes.   It  is  assumed  from  the  report  that  traffic  is  routed  through 
quadrant  GQ.   The  assumption  held  at  first,  that  traffic  is  running 
mainly  on  a  course  of  45°,  is  discarded  on  account  of  its  improbability. 
(See  Radiogram  2038.) 

Ship  "28"  and  ship  "23"  are  informed  by  Radiogram  2216  that  the  2  priz£ 
crews  on  board  the  UCKERMARK  are  at  the  disposal  of  ship  "28"  either 
for  prize  crev/s  or  to  replace  personnel,  and  that  stear.ers  LIMA  and 
BREDA,  too,  besides  the  LAC ONI A,  were  sunk  in  quadrant  FF  by  German 
submarines.   The  latest  crew  list  is  to  be  forwarded  by  the  TANNENFELS 

The  CHARLOTTE  SCHLIEMAHN  is  instructed  to  call  at  Medan  as  requested 
by  the  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo,  who  is  informed  that  the  vessel  must 
previously  be  equipped  at  Batavia  with  charts  and  manuals  for  this  run} 
also,  that  she  will  be  able  to  pick  up  German  seamen  at  Medan  only  if 
some  of  the  war  prisoners  can  first  be  removed  from  the  overcrowded 
ship.   The  Naval  Staff  accepts  the  Naval  Attache's  proposal  concern- 
ing fuel  supply.   This  matter  will  be  settled  by  the  Armed  Forces 
Intelligence  Division,  Section  IV.   Instructions  regarding  the  various 
loading  ports  will  have  to  be  given  to  the  SCHLIEI.IANN  directly  by  the 
Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo,  with  copies  for  the  Naval  Staff  and  the  Armed 
Forces  Intelligence  Division,  Section  IV.   (See  Telegrams  1500,  2220, 
and  2335.) 

Enemy  situation  report* to  all  shins  in  foreign  waters  by  Radiogram 
1503. 


II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

Radio  London  reported  extensive  invasion  maneuvers  over  the 
weekend  which  took  place  in  the  London  district  of  the  Thames  estuary. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast: 

Nothing  to  report. 

Channel  Coast: 

Torpedo  missions  of  the  PT  Boat  flotillas  had  to  be  in- 
terrupted because  of  poor  visibility. 

Mine-exploding  vessel  "142"  sank  after  striking  a  mine.   3  more  mines 
were  swept  on  route  "Herz".   Mine-laying  operation  "Weser"  is  scheduled 

B-1052 

-175- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
15  Sep.  1942 

for  the  night  of  15  Sep. 

Special  Items: 

a.  As  ordered, the  report  of  the  Naval  Staff  based  on  Group  West'B 
reply  to  the  questions  from  Fuehrer  Headquarters  concerning  the  seizure 
of  the  Casquets  is  submitted  to  the  Operations  Staff,  Armed  Forces  High 
Command.  For  copy  see  l/Skl  I  Nord  22769/42  Gkdos.  in  War  Diary,  Part 
C,  Vol.  II  b. 

b.  According  to  a  telephone  message  from  Group  North,  the 
Commander,  Destroyers  reported  that  the  5th  Torpedo  Boat  Flotilla  will 
not  be  ready  for  operations  prior  to  the  end  of  October.   From  previous 
information  it  was  to  have  been  ready  by  the  beginning  of  October 
following  the  termination  of  the  fleet  maneuvers. 

The"  fleet  is  directed  to  investigate  and  report  at  what  date  the  5th 
Torpedo  Boat  Flotilla  will  be  ready  for  transfer  to  the  west  area.   In 
this  connection  the  Naval  Staff  calls  attention  to  its  order  of  1  Sep. 
concerning  disposition  of  the  light  forces.   (See  War  Diary  of  1  Sep.) 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.  North  Seat 

During  an  engagement  with  6  enemy  motor  gunboats  off  Hook  of 
Holland  between  0435  and  0504,  1  enemy  vessel  was  definitely  sunk, 
another  one  probably  sunk  and  a  third  one  set  afire  by  4  of  our  patrol  ■ 
vessels.  The  latter  suffered  slight  damages  and  casualties. 

3  mines  were  swept  in  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses, 
North. 

Damage  was  caused  to  the  naval  shipyard  by  an  enemy  air  raid  on 
Vt'ilhelmshaven  during  the  night  of  14  Sep.;  6  barracks  burned  down,  but 
production  continued.   2  guns  of  the  Tirpitz  harbor  anti-aircraft 
battery  were  put  out  of  commission.   An  air  defense  post  received  a 
direct  hit.  For  detailed  reports  see  Telegrams  0200,  0615,  0900,  0715, 
and  2050. 

2.  Norway  t 

An  eastbound  convoy  was  shelled  at  0045  by  a  Russian  battery 
on  Rybachi  Peninsula.   An  Army  coastal  battery  returned  the  fire.   Re- 
ports of  an  enemy  landing  of  undetermined  strength  2  km  west  of  Rybachi 
Peninsula  caused  e  state  of  increased  readiness  of  our  forces  in  the 
Petsamo  area. 

Destroyer  STEINBRINCK  arrived  at  Trondheim.   Shipping  in  the  Utsire 
area  was  resumed  since  no  trace  of  the  suspected  mines  was  found. 

Enemy  planes  were  active  in  the  Trondheim  area  on  14  Sep.  at  noon  and 
in  the  Stavanger  area  in  the  forenoon  of  15  Sep. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  reported  in  detail  the  quantities  of  un* 
delivered  cargo  which  could  not  be  shipped  on  account  of  the  very  tense 
shipping  situation;  he  urgently  requested  the  Quartermaster  Division, 
Naval  Staff  to  call  on  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Operations  Staff 


-17*- 


■1052 


~> 


CONFIDENTIAL 
15  Sep.  1942 

and  Reich  Commissioner  of  Maritime  Shipping  for  the  immediate  alloca- 
tion of  at  least  30,000  cu.  m.  of  shipping  space  for  the  most  urgent 
naval  tasks.   His  demands  in  this  respect  could  not  be  satisfied  by  the 
Commanding  General,  Armed  Forces,  Norway  due  to  the  extremely  tense 
transport  situation  in  the  Norwegian  area  and  the  constantly  increasing 
tasks  of  the  Armed  Forces,  the  Todt  Organization  and  the  civilian 
authorities.   (See  Telegram  1030.) 

The  matter  will  be  taken  up  by  the  Shipping  and  Transport  Branch,  Naval 
Staff  Quartermaster  Division. 

3.    Arctic  Ocean: 

Operations  against  convoy  PQ  lPt 

At  0845  the  convoy  was  reported  as  27  merchant  vessels,  1  air*- 
craft  carrier,  and  the  escort,  on  a  course  of  120°  in  quadrant  AC  2545. 
At  2200  3  submarines  were  in  contact  with  it  and  7  more  were  in  the 
vicinity.   The"  shadowers  v/ere  ordered  to  report  bearings  at  intervals 
over  different  frequencies.   At  1407  submarine  U  "403"  was  bombed  twice 
in  quadrant  AC  2674  by  2  planes,  probably  He  Ill's;  all  bombs  missed. 
The  markings  were  definitely  recognized.   The  planes  subsequently  at- 
tacked the  convoy.   Submarine  U  "457"  fired  a  three-fan  against  a 
pursuing  destroyer  and  missed.   Out  of  the  12  submarines  operating 
against  convoy  PQ  18,  U  "88"  and  U  "589"  did  not  report  on  14  and  15 
Sep.  so  that  it  is  possible  that  they  were  lost. 

The  Air  Force  had  no  particular  success  today  either.   The  majority  of 
the  planes  did  not  find  the  target  due  to  bad  weather.   Direction  finde^ 
equipment  wes  affected  by  strong  aurora  borealis  and  was  partly  not 
audible  at  all.   The  last  location  report  after  midnight  counted  ap- 
proximately 30  merchant  vessels,  1  carrier  and  18  escort  vessels. 

The  weather  favors  the  enemy  and  saved  him  from  suffering 
losses  similar  to  those  on  13  and  14  Sep.;  it  permitted 
the  enemy  to  escape  the  range  of  our  bombers  without  de- 
viating very  far  north  and  to  gain  time  by  staying  on  hi^ 
c  our  s  e . 

At  0727  convoy  QP  14  was  spotted  in  quadrant  AC  9944  and  reported  by 
planes  as  leaving  via  the  western  channel  and  as  composed  of  approx- 
imately 20  steamers  and  between  10  and  14  warships  on  a  general  course 
of  45°. 

Submarine  U  "456"  was  ordered  to  establish  contact. 

The  TIRPITZ  reports  being  completely  ready  for  operations  except  for 
Diesel-electric  engine  II. 

With  reference  to  Group  North's  request  for  allocation  of  a  submarine 
tanker  for  the  submarines  in  the  Arctic  Ocean  (see  War  Diary  of  13  Sep.  I) 
the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  reports  that  "UD  2"  is  technically 
not  suited  for  use  in  this  war  theater.   Another  ship  cannot  be 
assigned  without  interfering  with  warfare  in  the  Atlantic  or  with  the 
equally  important  training  requirements.   Comparing  the  distances  in 
the  submarine  operations  zone  in  the  Arctic  Ocean  with  those  in  the 
Atlantic,  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  is  convinced  that  type  C 
VII  submarines  can  operate  in  the  Arctic  Ocean  over  longer  periods  of 
time  without  refueling  than  in  the  Atlantic. 


-175-  &-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
15  Sep.  1942 

IV.   Ska^.errak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

Nothing  to  report  from  the  Baltic  Sea  entrances  or  the  western 
Baltic  Sea. 

Mine-laying  operation  "Seeigel  34M  was  carried  out  by  2  naval  barges 
according  to  plan  in  the  area  of  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic 
Sea, 

Steamer  ALKAID  was  damaged  by  a  mine  west  of  Hangoe  while  weighing 
anchor  and  had  to  be  beached.   Steamer  FINLAND  also  had  to  be  beached 
off  Lohm. 

Mine-sweeping  and  convoy  service  according  to  plan. 


V.   Merchant  Shipping: 

The  Messagero  published  figures  of  a  post-war  shipbuilding  program 
of  the  Italian  government  aimed  at  providing  Italy  quickly  with  a 
merchant  marine  of  9,000,000  GRT.   Unfortunately  such  plans  do  nothing 
to  alleviate  the  present  shortage  of  tonnage  for  essential  war  tasks. 


VI.   Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

In  the  forenoon  radio  messages  from  2  planes  v/ere  intercepted 
which  reported  that  they  had  not  encountered  convoy  HX  106.  Another 
plane  reported  a  depth  charge  attack  on  a  surfaced  submarine  approxi- 
mately 100  miles  northwest  of  the  Hebrides  Is-lands  at  1630.   39  planes 
of  the  19th  Air  Group  were  located.  The  British  steamer  RAVENS  POINT 
(1,787  GRT)  reported  from  the  Gibraltar  area  at  0808,  without  "giving  her 
position,  that  she  was  listing  heavily  due  to  an  underwater  detonation. 

From  the  U.S.  coast  .and  the  West  Indies  we  intercepted  reports  of  3 
submarine  attacks  and  4  sightings* 

2.  Own  Situation: 

For  operations  against  PQ,  18  and  QP  14  see  Own  Situation, 
Arctic  Ocean. 

In  the  North  Atlantic,  Group  nPfeIlw  in  quadrant  AL  45  was  directed 
against  a  westbound  convoy  of  between, 11  and  15  steamers  intercepted  at 
1909  by  a  submarine  of  the  group.   Contact  with  the  convoy  was  lost, 
however,  after  2  hours  due  to  fog.  The  group  was  ordered  to  continue 
the  operation. 

4  submarines  are  en  route  toward  quadrants  AL  27  and  AE  29  against  the 
warships  returning  from  the  PQ  convoy  mission. 

Group  "Vorwaerts"  is  replenishing  its  supplies. 

No  successes  were  reported  by  the  submarines  operating  off  the  American 
coast. 

-I76-  8-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


15  Sep.  1942 


From  the  West  Indies  submarine  U  "515"  reports  the  sinking  of  a  British 
steamer  of  6,000  GRT  in  quadrant  EE  7776  and  the  Norwegian  steamer 
SOERHOLT  (4,801  GRT)  in  quadrant  EO  1129. 

In  the  South  Atlantic,  submarine  U  "159"  is  taking  the  place  of  U  "156" 
in  Group  "Eisbaer",  which  is  scheduled  to  take  on  supplies  on  22  Sep.  in 
quadrant  GG  1999. 

Submarines  U  "506",  U  "507"  and  U  "156"  are  to  arrive  in  quadrant  FE 
9695  on  17  Sep.  to  transfer  the  survivors  of  the  LACONIA. 

The  German  Armistice  Commission  reports  that  the  French  refuse  to  flash 
radio  signals  in  view  of  the  possibility  of  giving  themselves  away,  but 
agree  to  the  remaining  suggestions  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarine*. 
(See  War  Diary  14  Sep.).   The  GLOIRE  left  Dakar  on  14  Sep.  at  2130 
Central  Greenwich  Time  and  will  arrive  at  the  scene  of  the  LACONIA  sink"*- 
ing  in  the  afternoon  of  17  Sep.   The  dispatch  vessels  ANNAMITE  and 
DUMONT  D'URVILLE  were  at  sea  with  convoys,  and  are  likewise  expected  to 
arrive  at  the  scene  in  the  afternoon  of  17  Sep.  (See  Telegram  1945.) 

Nothing  to  report  from  the  Mediterranean. 

For  additional  reports  see  supplement  to  submarine  situation  in  War 
Diary,  Part  B,  Vol.  IV. 


VII.  Aerial  Warfare 

1.   British  Isles  and  Vicinity; 

20  planes  attacked  Boston  during  the  night  of  15  Sep. 


2. 


Incursions: 


12  bombers  and  24  Spitfires  attacked  Cherbourg  during  the 
afternoon.   Steamer  SOLMGLINT  was  hit  below  the  waterline  and  almost 
capsized.   This  danger  was  averted  by  flooding  opposite. compartments 
with  the  help  of  explosives.   The  barracks  of  submarine  personnel  were 
damaged.   2  planes  were  shot  down. 

20  Incursions  were  reported  In  the  coastal  area  of  the  German  Bight - 
during  the  night  of  15  Sep.   No  bombs  were  dropped,  but  mine-laying  is 
suspected. 


3. 


Mediterranean  Theater: 


4  enemy  planes  were,  shot  down  during  the  fighter  attacks  on 
Malta.   22  of  the  enemy  fighters  which  took  off  on  account  of  our  dive 
bomber  attacks  were  shot  down  for  sure  and  3  probably.  Enemy  air 
activity  in  the  entire  North  African  area  has  decreased.   Reconnaissance 
extending  to  longitude  40°  W  brought  no  results. 

4.    Eastern  Front; 

For  operations  against  convoy  PQ  18  see  Own  Situation,  Arctic 
Ocean.   So  far,  the  Air  Force  reported  sinking  17  steamers  totalling 
116,000  GRT,  including  1  tanker. 


-177- 


B-1052 


:::~::_:t:ai 

15  Sep.  1942 

5r  ecial  Itggg  : 

Mass  British  attacks  were  carried  out  recently  in  close  formation. 
"reja  riii:  Instruments  tc  help  divert  the  air  and  the  fire  are  there- 
fore urgently  needed. 

The  Operations  5ta:f,  Air  Force  requests  the  Naval  Staff  to  put  20  Freya 
sets  from  the  current  deliveries  to  the  Navy  at  the  disposal  of  the  Air 
Force  between  now  and  the  end  of  1942*  (See  Telegram  17*15.) 

The  natter  will  be  handled  by  the  Chief,  Communications  Division,  Kaval 
Staff. 


"~".  ".Yarfare  ir.  the  Mediterranean  ar.d  the  Black  Sea 

1.    Ir.er.v  Situation,  Mediterranean : 

The  ship  situation  at  Sicraltar  is  unchanged  and  that  at 
Valletta  she"  ed  only  slight  changes.   A  search  for  damaged  British  ships 
in  the  liarsa  Matruh-Alexandrla  area  was  futile. 

A  Serman  submarine  sighted  a  convoy  of  3  steamers  and  2  escort  vessels 
in  the  eastern  Mediterranean  sailing  on  a  southerly  course  approximately 
::  r.iles  northwest  of  Haifa. 

At  1400  radio  monitoring  intercepted  a  report  from  a  British  plane 
about  2  destroyers  and  3  planes  heading  east  approximately  75  miles  west 
of  Crete. 

2.  Own  Situation r  Mediterranean ? 

Resistance  of  the  enemy  detachment  which  landed  at  Tobruk  was 
finally  broken  around  noon  of  14  Sep.   The  number  of  prisoners  was 
increased  to  550.  A  resume  of  the  C-erman  Kaval  Command,  Italy  about  the 
landing  attempt  at  lobrux:  retzrts  also  the  sinking  of  an  enemy  destroyer 
due  to  a  mine.   Among  the  destroyers  sunk  are  the  S1EH  and  the  ZULU. 
Statements  concerning  the  enemy  naval  forces  sighted  by  the  Air  Force 
are  contradictory  and  a  clear  picture  of  their  number  and  composition 
could  thus  far  not  be  obtained.   Tne  report  emphasizes  the  good  work 
done  by  the  Kaval  Communications  Officer,  3yrenaica,  who  was  first  to 
retort  the  landing  ar.d  the  cr.lv  ore  to  furnish  inf crmstion  on  the  enemy 
situation  during  the  first  hours      s  operation.   It  cannot  be  de- 
termined yet  whether  the  successes  reported      e  Air  Force  will  be 
confirmed.  For  copy  of  reoort  see  l/Skl  22933/42  G-kdos.  in  War  Diary- 
Part  C,  Vol.  XIV. 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  Mcrth  Africa: 
Operations  proceeded  according  to  plan. 

4.  Area  Maval  Sroup  South; 
Aegean  Sea: 

£nemy  Situation: 
Mothi.-.c  t  o  ret :rt . 


-173- 


~) 


") 


confidential 

15  Sep.  1942 

Own  Situation: 

6  enemy  planes  attacked  Suda  Bay  during  the  afternoon  of  14 
Sep.   No  damage  was  reported.   The  Candia  net  barrage  was  damaged  by 
bad  weather.   Convoy  traffic  on  schedule. 

Black  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation: 

According  to  radio  monitoring,  the  cruiser  KRASNY  KRIM  was  at 
sea  in  an  undetermined  position  during  the  forenoon.   1  destroyer,  1 
submarine  tender,  and  2  submarines  were  at  sea  southwest  of  Sukhum. 

Own  Situation: 

Enemy  planes  raided  Yalta  during  the  nights  of  11  and  12  Sep. 
The  searchlight  on  the  pier  was  hit, 

A  mine  was  swept  on  14  Sep.  by  a  mine-sweeping  plane  between  Mariupol 
and  Yeisk.   Supply  traffic  is  in  progress  between  these  places.   Convoy 
and  transport  services  were  partially  hampered  by  bad  weather.   On  the 
evening  of  14  Sep.  2  barges  ran  aground  at  Anapa. 

3  naval  barges  were  newly  commissioned.   2  of  them  passed  through 
Vienna  on  14  Sep.  on  their  way  to  Galatz. 

Special  Items: 

a.  The  Admiral,  Black  Sea  is  making  preparations  for  land  transports 
from  the  Black  Sea  to  the  Caspian  Sea.   (See  Telegram  1630.)  The 
Shipping  and  Transport  Branch  of  the  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division 
is  requested  to  inform  the  Transport  Command  urgently  of  its  transport 
requirements  and  to  call  attention  to  the  significance  of  naval  opera- 
tions for  the  Army  operations. 

b.  Referring  to  the  reduction  of  Greek  occupation  costs,  Group  South 
forwards  a  communication  of  the  Commanding  General,  Armed  Forces, 
Southeast  according  to  which  ship  repairs  are  not  subject  to  regulation^ 
for  curtailment  of  occupation  costs. 


IX.   Situation  East  Asia 
Nothing  to  report. 


X.   Army  Situation 

1.   Russian  Front: 


Army  Group  A: 

Enemy  attacks  at  all  sectors  of  this  group  continued. 


B-1052 

-179- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
15  Sep.  1942 

Army  Group  3: 

The  battle  for  Stalingrad  is  progressing  slowly  but  success- 
fully anid  sandstoms.   At  Voronezh  the  enemy  succeeded  in  penetrating 
our  line  by  surprise.   A  German  counterattack  is  under  way. 

Central  Army  Group: 

Several  enemy  thrusts  south  of  Kirov  were  repulsed.  2  German 
tank  divisions  penetrated  deeply  into  enemy  lines  east  and  northeast  of 
Sychevka.   The  operation  is  still  progressing. 

In  the  Zubtsov  area  and  on  both  Volga  River  banks  the  enemy  continued 
his  offensive.  Y.e   were  able  to  hold  our  lines.   Enemy  concentrations 
north  of  Hzhev  were  dispersed  by  artillery.   The  fight  for  the  city  park 
of  Rzhev  is  still  going  on. 

Northern  Array  Group: 

Southeast  of  Staraya  Russa  the  enemy  launched  a  surprise 
attack  on  both  sides  of  the  Redvya  River;  a  counterattack  is  under  way. 
All  enemy  attacks  south  of  Lake  Ladoga  were  completely  repulsed. 
Attrition  fire  is  being  maintained  in  this  area  by  our  artillery. 

2.  Finnish  Front: 

Lively  artillery  and  scouting  activity  on  both  sides. 

3.  North  Africa; 

Normal  enemy  scouting  activity  and  artillery  fire  along  the 
entire  front.   The  number  of  prisoners  taken  during  the  attack  on 
Tobruk  has  increased  to  580. 


B-1052 

-180- 


~) 


1 


CONFIDENTIAL 
16  Sep.  19i|2 

Items    of   Political  Importance 

U.S.A.: 

According  to  an  Italian  report  from  Ankara,    President   Roosevelt  de- 
clared In  a   telegram  to   the   Chief    of    the  U.S.   Military  Mission  at 
Cairo  that  the  Middle  East   is  at  present   the   Allies'   most   important 
theater   of  war;   the  U.S.A.   must  therefore   concentrate   its   attention 
there  and  must   ship  the  bulk   of    all  American  supplies  to   this  area* 

Hull  informed  the  French  Ambassador   that  the   large-scale   supply   of 
French  labor   to  Germany  la   considered  assistance  given   to  the  enemy 
and  is  thus    Incompatible  with  France's   international   obligations. 
Moreover,    the  U.S.  Government   condemns   the    large-scale   expulsion  and 
deportation   of    Jewish  refugees  from  unoccupied  France, 

Argentina: 

The  Foreign  Affairs  Committee  of  Congress  voted  5  to  3  for  adherance 
to  the  resolutions  of  the  Rio  Conference  and  by  a  similar  vote  de- 
clined to  sever  relations  with  the  Axis  Powers. 

Brazil: 

The  ships  bought  from  the  German  and  Italian  Governments  some  time 
ago  C7  German  and  18  Italian  vessels  totalling  180,000  GRT)  were 
declared  national  property  by  Government  decree.  The  money  deposited 
in  accordance  with  the  sales  contracts  was  confiscated. 

Chi le ; 

The   Chilean  Foreign  Minister  believes   that  no  change   of   the  country's 
foreign  policy  can  be  expected  prior  to  the   President's   return  from 
Washington  by  the   middle   of  November,    unless   untoward  incidents 
should   occur.     The  crisis,    if  it  comes  at   all,   will  become   acute 
early  next  year,    depending   on   the  development   of  the  war   situation. 

India: 

At  the  Parliament  in  New  Delhi  the  British  referred  to  the  country- 
wide organized  sabotage  acts,  particularly  against  strategically 
important  installations,  and  declared  that  the  spread  of  the  move- 
ment is  interfering  with  the  successful  prosecution  of  the  war. 

France : 

In  addition  to  the  negotiations  between  the  Reich  Commissioner  of 
Maritime  Shipping  and  Laval  concerning  the  transfer  of  120,000  tons 
of  shipping  space  from  French  Jurisdiction,  the  German  Armistice 
Commission  has  resumed  the  conferences  regarding  the  French  plea 
for  reinforcing  French  forces  defending  the  African  possessions. 
For  details  see  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  VIII.  The  conferences  now 
taking  place  between  Laval,  Petain,  and  the  leaders  of  the  French 
Armed  Forces  are  probably  concerned  with  this  problem. 

The  opinion  voiced  at  Vichy  with  regard  to  the  shipment  of  American 
forces  to  Africa  is  at  variance  with  the  British  report  that  U.S. 
troops  have  arrived  at  Brazzaville. 


-181- 


B-105  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 
16  Sep.  19)42 

Special  Items 

The  Naval  Intelligence  Division,  Foreign  Merchant  Marine  Branch  has 
taken  a  stand  on  the  following  question  raised  by  the  Naval  Staff, 
Operations  Division:  "Which  of  these  two  alternatives  Is  the  most 
effective  type  of  warfare  against  merchant  shipping,  to  sink  ships 
bound  for  the  British  Isles,  considering  that  all  war  materiel  and 
essential  commodities  there  must  be  imported,  or  to  sink  ships  bound 
for  America?" 

The  Naval  Intelligence  Division  makes  the  following  statement:  The 
enemy's  ship  construction  program  aims  at  a  monthly  output  of 
900,000  ORT  (of  which  750,000  GRT  constitute  cargo  space)  by  the 
beginning  of  I9I4.3. 

The  decisive  factor  in  answering  the  above  question  is  the  amount  of 
shipping  sunk  per  month.  If  it  is  possible  to  increase  this  figure 
to  about  1,300,000  tons  and  to  keep  it  at  this  level,  then,  no 
matter  whether  these  ships  are  loaded  or  where  they  are  bound, 
these  sinkings  will  soon  exert  a  strong  influence  on  the  outcome  of 
the  war.  But  even  so  it  is  better  to  attack  loaded  supply  ships, 
since  the  effect  will  be  greater  and  faster.   The  further  the  actual 
sinkings  fall  below  the  above  figure,  the  smaller  is  the  likelihood 
that  the  outcome  of  the  war  will  be  affected  decisively  by  sinkings, 
no  matter  where,  etc.  Then  it  will  be  all  the  more  urgent  to 
attack  loaded  supply  vessels,  especially  in  the  South  Atlantic,  the 
Arctic  Ocean  and  en  route  to  the  British  Isles,  rather  than  to  sink 
any  kind  of  ships  at  all. 

The  decision  whether  and  when  such  a  shift  in  emphasis  is  necessary 
depends  on  the  view  taken  of  the  future  prospects  of  the  submarine 
arm,  since,  under  present  conditions,  submarines  are  the  principal 
agents  of  warfare  against  merchant  shipping. 

For  copy  of  the  above  see  l/Skl  I833/I4.2  Gkdos,  Chefs,  in  War  Diary, 
Part  C,  Vol.  IV. 

The  above  comment  is  an  integral  part  of  an  extensive  situation 
survey  now  being  made  by  the  Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff  with 
regard  to  submarine. warfare. 


Situation  16  Sep.  19l|2 

I,   War  In  Foreign  Waters 

1,   Enemy  Situation; 

Among  the  unending  series  of  invasion  rumors  reported  by  . 
the  Intelligence  Service,  there  is  an  agent's  report  from  France 
according  to  which  operations  of  Anglo-American  forces  both  in 
western  Europe  and  Africa  appear  to  be  imminent  early  in  October, 
While  an  American  operation  from  Bathurst  is  to  be  directed  against 
Dakar,  with  a  simultaneous  landing  at  Portudal  and  other  American 
forces  are  to  land  at  Riah  in  Morocco,  British  forces  are  to 
attempt  a  landing  on  the  southern  bank  of  the  Seine  River  at  Le  Havre 
and  south  of  Brest,  possibly  west  of  Quimper,  In  addition,  U.S. 
forces  are  to  disembark  simultaneously  northwest  of  Bordeaux  In  the 


-182- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


~) 


~> 


16  Sep.   I9I+2 


Garonne   estuary  in   order  to   penetrate   to   the  center   of   the   unoccupied 
area,  where    it    is   allegedly  expected  that    French  forces  which  had 
been   organized  quickly  by  preparatory  propaganda  would   join   them. 
All   of   these    operations    would  be   preceded  .  by  heavy   activity   of 
the  air  forces. 

Such  an  undertaking  would  force  France  to  show  her 
colors.      As   matters   stand  today,    even   a   successful 
large-scale   Invasion   of  French  territory  would   hardly 
suffice   to  disrupt  the   policy   of   Petain   and  Laval. 
On  the   contrary,   we  may  assume   that   France  would  be 
driven   into  participation   in   the  war    on  the   Axis   side, 
though  naturally  not  without    some   internal   tension. 
It  follows   that    plans    as    outlined  above   can   succeed 
only  if  political   developments  guarantee   a  more 
favorable   outcome,    namely,    if   the  enemy  can  be   sure 
that  France  would  not   join   our   side,    or,    if  France 
should    join   the  Axis,    that   the  Ames   could  fully 
compensate  for  this,   e.g.,  by  alienating  an  important 
member   of    the   Axis.     However,    there   are   no  indications 
of  such  a  development    at   present  and  therefore,   as   far 
as   France's   attitude   is   concerned,   we  are    justified 
in  giving  these  reports    only  enough  attention   to  be 
on  guard.      On   the    other  hand,    we  should   remember  that 
clarification   of  German-French  relations,  which  can 
still  be   achieved  today,   would  greatly  relieve   our 
concern. 

More   important   Is    an   intelligence   report  from  Rome,    dated  12  Sep., 
according   to  which  a.  convoy  of  26  vessels   with  tanks,    anti-aircraft 
guns,   and   other  war  material   left  a   northern   Irish  port   on  23  Aug« 
in   the  direction   of   Capetown. 

It   Is   learned  from  the   same   source   that  Churchill  declared  in  a 
confidential  discussion   that    the  British   offensive   on  the   Egyptian 
front  will  begin  within  the  next   10  days    or   2  weeks   and  will   last 
for    about    a  month* 

2.        Own  Situation; 

In   the    opinion   of  the  Naval  Attache   at  Tokyo,    it    cannot 
yet  be  assumed  that   the    Japanese   permission  for   the    voyage   of   ship 
"10"   to  Japan  has  been  granted;    the    ship   is    therefore   instructed  by 
Radiogram  0858  not   to  proceed  for  the   time  being.      The  Naval  Staff 
Is   endeavoring    to   clarify   the    situation. 

Ships    "23"   and   "28"   are    instructed  that    the   sailing  orders   issued 
to  the   TANNENFELS  contain   the  blockade   runner   routes  for  the   voyage 
from  Japan  to  Europe.      The   points   "Tornado",    "Taifun",    and   "Treibanker" 
as   defined  In   the   TANNENFELS    sailing   orders  will  be   referred   to  also 
In  future   instructions   to   the   auxiliary  cruisers   concerning  blockade 
runners.      (See   Telegram  201+7  . ) 

CHARLOTTE  SCHLIEMANN   is    instructed  to  proceed  through  the  Sunda   Strait 
and  to  pick  up  German   seamen  at   Medan.     A  pilot  will  be  furnished 
by  the   Japanese  Navy.      Sailing  instructions  for  the   voyage   through 
the   Sunda   Strait  will  be   given  by  the  Naval  Attache    at  Tokyo  who  is 
aware   of  the   lack   of   charts  for    the   voyage   to  Medan.      (See   Radio- 
gram OOI43.) 


-185- 


B-1052 


: :  :  _ ;  i  '.--.- 
:     .   :     : 

In    boo  do   »lth  the  eminent    passing  through  the 

area  between  1  [atal,   the  Uaval  2  folios- 

i n z    estimate    zz     d  It    B  t '.  on : 

a.  iest  rf  St.  Fnl'i 

stall. -    :  r  :  St  ■    T 

e  t  -  -  B  :  -  - 1     :  B  t 

r_lles  to  the         "  .      - 
iy  froa  Ti  of 

St  •  Fa.ul  ■  8  k  or  i  e  I  ly  tc  i  an  r    I  :  d    t  hm 

E  .         lie    V  :  ~-  at 

course    :re=rr  I  t]  6         -    -    that  :ed 

c.  Is  a  c  iota*    If 

SCCC  r_i  Qgly« 

I.        I  a  j  r    c:  :* 

c  ze.  i  '     ::     rr  e    » e "  -  z  :-.e    ::" 

bo  this   effect  by   Tali  crrsrr.  1T_ 

The  r  Intelll  II    islon 

r^  :.  ■•  :    .  :::..=    ere--    3    snipping    routes    ir    tde    Atlantic     ae 

z:     ~    i-e;.,    115::.-,.    the     BbBnges    vhlch   base    ::;:::r:    since    1;    A_z  .    1:_£ 
7re    above    sstl  :-aticn  bj  the    Operations   -ivision^  Naval 

::"    is   based    on    .ris    survey.      7  :r    eopy   r.:.    21   see    l/5kl  22-~:/l£ 
.      In   tar   DLarj  ,    Part    -',   ?ol.  I. 

The  Italian  bl«  1AZZ0  elll  be  ready  tc  Ball  overseas 

:r:r.  2  cr  ieau-T    e&rl-  ir.    Ictober.       ire    -ill    :  :llc»    :  re    3=_-e    sailing 
orders    ari  re<  male    ebleh   the    Iperatlons   livialon,  Navel 

Staff    issuer   to    the  PIETI  71:. 

7:r    :  ling  :i:  tc    :  re    Blgjb    l:rrrs.ri,    Italian 

Kaval  i  to   1  »st,    sltta      spy 

:o2Bnr.  aval  Staff ,  see  1  Ski  Ik*  1 

Gkd:s.    Ire:  s.    ir .    "rr   -is.:  '■': :1  .    I  . 


II.      Si --£::  :r    -.es:    Ar^ 

1;        Sr.ery   zL-.-s.zi 

7re   Jire-    Lord    ::     the    Sdadraltj    reil^rei    In    ss.    iiiress 
a:    ?::  7er   r:re    -acretie,    acoustic,    and 

aoored  mines    :  than   aoold   base    boon  required  to 

sink  tre    entire    Iritisr  ner:  bant    ■arlne«a 

2«  '.--•-    liz     .-'.::.: 

Atlrr-.i:    ::s.3-.  : 

"4.   long-range    firrters    (  : :.    ;;    ;       creratirj    ir    tre    Bay   of 
z'.s-.z-    :'r.  : :    loan    ~    Ererrj    planes    for    Bare    so  i    £    :":;::':.    :re    rr  r:  =.:  1~  . 


■IS*-  »-i 


CONFIDENTIAL 


*> 


16  Sep.   1942 


Special  Item: 

In  view  of  British  efforts  to  Intercept  and  combat  German  submarines, 
particularly  in  the  Bay  of  Biscay,  the  northern  Spanish  coast  and 
consequently  the  entire  Iberian  Peninsula  assume  particular  importance, 
By  establishing  air  bases  or  observation  posts  on  the  southern  shore 
of  the  Bay  of  Biscay,  the  enemy  would  greatly  improve  his  control  o 
this  area  and  at  the  same  time  render  the  German  position  much  more 
difficult.  It  is  therefore  of  utmost  importance  to  watch  the  Iberian 
Peninsula  for  all  possibilities  which  it  may  offer  to  enemy  actions, 
whether  directed  against  Germany  or  Italy.  The  Naval  Staff  requests 
the  Naval  Attaches  at  Madrid  and  Lisbon  to  keep  this  in  mind. 

For  corresponding  directive  see  l/Skl  la  I799A2  Gkdos.  Chefs.  In  War 
Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  lib, 

Channel  Coast; 

Torpedo  boats  T  "18"  and  T  "19"  collided  during  the  night 
of  15  Sep.  and  reached  Cherbourg  In  damaged  condition.  T  "18"  is  out 
of  commission  (see  Telegram  1155)» 

See  Telegram  0725  for  a  report  on  the  enemy  air  raid  on  Cherbourg 
during  the  afternoon  of  15  Sep.  and  on  the  damage  to  steamer  SOLGLIMT. 
(Compare  War  Diary  of  15  Sep.  under  Aerial  Warfare,  Incursions.) 

Mine-exploding  vessel  "168"  was  damaged  by  a  particularly  strong 
detonation  20  m  off  her  bow,  which  indicates  an  unknown  powerful 
explosive.  In  the  afternoon  the  "Grosser  Kurfuerst"  battery  fired 
four  28  cm  shells  at  1;  light  warships  observed  in  the  harbor  of 
Dover,  but  ceased  firing  due  to  the  impossibility  of  observing 
results. 


~> 


Mine -laying 
night    of    1( 


operation 
Sep. 


"Oder"  (north  of  Barfleur)  is  scheduled  for  the 


Owing  to  the  increased  threat  from  ground  mines,  traffic  on  route 
"Herz"  between  Ostend  and  Blankenberghe  is  particularly  endangered  and 
requires  added  protection.   (See  Telegram  16I4.O • ) 

Special  Item: 

« 

Differences    of    opinion  between  Naval  Group  Commands  West   and  North 
about  furnishing  Information  to    the   command  authorities    of  Group  North 
about   the   PT  boat    operation   in  the   Channel  were   settled  by   an  agreement 
reached   over    the   telephone  by  the  Commanding  Admirals,  Group  West   and 
Group  North.     In  accordance  with  this    agreement  Group  Noi'th  withdraws 
its    original  demand    that  the  Naval   Communications   Officer  at   Utreoht 
be  furnished  with  the   data   on  the   radio  frequency  used  by  the   PT 
boats.      On  the    other  hand,  the   Commander,   PT  Boats  guarantees  that    the 
command   authorities   in  the    area    of  Group  North  will  receive  information 
about    PT  boat   operations   to  the  same    extent   and   just   as  fast   as  those 
in  the  area   of  Group  West.    (See   Telegram  1800.) 


-185- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
16   Sep.    19U2 

III.   North  Sea,   Norway,    Arctic   Ocean 

1.  North  Sea; 

Patrol  and  escort  services  suffered  by  bad  weather.  Enemy 
planes  operated  off  the  German  Bight  coasts  during  the  night  of  15 
Sep.  and  nines  were  probably  laid.  Bombs  were  dropped  at  Brunsbuettel,1 
Naval  Station,  North  Sea  corrects  Its  damage  report  concerning  the 
raid  on  Vtllhelmshaven  of  15  Sep.  by  Telegram  ~llj[|5«  I4.  ground  mines 
were  swept  between  Schiermonnikoog  and  Terschelling, 

2.  Norway ; 

An  enemy  submarine  was  sighted  on  15  Sep.  north  of 
Svaerholtklubben  by  air  reconnaissance.  Following  a  futile  chase, 
our  subchaser  force  was  attacked  by  aerial  torpedoes  without  success. 
The  attacking  plane  was  shot  down  by  a  subchaser  and  its  documents 
captured. 

Enemy  air  activity  over  the  arctic  coast  on  11+  and  15  Sep.  Bombs  were 
dropped  on  Kirkenes  without  causing  damage.  The  Eltevik  battery 
will  have  only  3  guns  ready  for  action  for  5  or  6  days  beginning 
16  Sep. 

Convoy  and  transport  service  according  to  plan. 

Special  Item 

In  view  of  the  ordered  increase  in  the  number  of  naval  forces  in 
Norway,  Group  North  considers  the  8  destroyers  (including  the 
STEINBRINCK)  assigned  to  it  as  insufficient  and  suggests  the  allocation 
of  a  minimum  of  10  or  12  destroyers  in  order  to  safeguard  freedom 
of  action  of  the  fleet  forces  located  in  the  harbors  of  Trondheim, 
Narvik  and  Alta  Fjord.  Moreover,  Group  North  considers  the  allocation 
of  PT  boats  for  patrol  duty  during  transfers  of  naval  forces  highly 
desirable.  In  this  connection  the  Group  places  great  value  on  the 
allocation  of  a  number  of  fleet  torpedo  boats  or  ships  of  the  3rd 
Torpedo  Boat  Flotilla.  (See  Telegram  I728.) 

Comment  by  the  Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff  will  follow, 

3.  Arctic    Ocean; 

Enemy  Situation; 

Radio  monitoring  intercepted  a   report    of   the  95th  A*r 
Regiment   of    II30   on   li|  Sep.   addressed  to   the    commander   of   the 
operational  air  force   of   the  Arctic   Ocean  fleet:  "On   13  Sep.   between 
O5I4.2  and  I85O  the    operational  group  escorted  the   Allied  ships   in   the 
area    (?)    to  670   57'   N,   lj.10  ^4-0 •   E  in  groups   of  k  to  6   planes.      We 
executed  reconnaissance  missions,    searching  for  enemy  submarines 
at   the   White   Sea  entrance  and   on  approach   routes,      A  convoy  of    II4. 
ships    remained  intact  while    under  escort." 

Own  Situation; 

a.        Operation  against   PQ  18  and  QP  llj.: 

Altogether   5   submarines   had  contact   during  the    day  . 
with  convoy  PQ  18,   proceeding    on   a  southeasterly  course.     At   1100 


-186- 

B-1052 


*> 


"> 


CONFIDENTIAL 
16  Sep.  I9I4-2 

It  was  reported  by  a  submarine  as  located  In  quadrant  AC  6*32  in  a 
snow  storm  and  with  low  visibility.   Planes  lost  contact  around 
noon,  after  having  reported  at  1120  that  convoy  PQ  18  consisted  of 
approximately  31  merchant  vessels,  1  aircraft  carrier,  1  heavy 
cruiser,  13  destroyers  and  8  escort  vessels. 

Submarine  U  "255"  executed  2  unsuccessful  daylight  attacks  on  the 
aircraft  carrier. 

Submarine  U  "377"  reported  the  probable  torpedoing  of  a  steamer  in 
quadrant  AC  6653  at  I918. 

On  account  of  bad  weather  the  Air  Force  did  not  attack. 

At  0815  reconnaissance  planes  reported  convoy  QP  li;  on  a  northerly 
course  in  quadrant  AT  I4.87I  composed  of  18  steamers  under  escort 
of  5  destroyers  and  5  escort  vessels.  Submarine  U  "I1.56"  reported 
very  strong  air  patrols  in  quadrant  AT  7130.  A  total  of  7  submarines 
are  operating  against  QP  lij. •  Submarine  U  "I4.O5"  scored  a  hit  on  an 
AFPJDI  class  destroyer  at  2200  in  quadrant  AT  k^lk* 

The  planes  lost  contact  with  QP  II4.  at  noon. 

Group  North  informs  the  Naval  Staff,  with  copy  to  the  Commanding 
Admiral,  Submarines,  about  the  directive  to  the  Admiral,  Arctic 
Ocean  which  is  based  on  the  assumption  that  PQ  18  and  QP  lij.  will  meet 
in  the  course  of  the  day  or  during  the  night. 

For  copy  of  this  telegram  see  l/Skl  22971A2  Gkdos.  In  file  "Eispalast". 

b«   Mine-laying  operation  in  the  -Iceland  area: 

On  3  Sep.  Group  North  requested  that  submarine  U  "117", 
which  was  assigned  by  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  for  a  mine- 
laying  mission  In  the  Kara  Sea,  be  made  available  for  a  mine-laying 
mission  In  the  Iceland  area  planned  by  the  Group  (see  War  Diary  of 
18  Jul.);  moreover,  it  was  requested  that  152  SMA  mines  with  safety 
mechanism  and  timing  device  set  for  60  days  be  provided. 

However  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  adheres  to  his  opinion 
that  a  weapon  not  ready  for  operational  use  must  not  be  used,  and  that 
when  SMA  mines  are  ready  for  use,  there  are  more  urgent  tasks  to  be 
carried  out. 

On  Xl+  Sep.  Group  North  asked  permission  to  execute  the  suggested 
operation  in  the  Iceland  area  immediately  by  submarine  U  "117", 
which  is  to  sail  from  Kiel  on  19  Sep.,  and  to  postpone  mining  of 
the  Kara  Strait  which  is  already  frozen  most  of  the  time,  and,  besides, 
is  not  being  used  by  the  enemy  as  far  as  could  be  observed.  If  it  Is 
being  used  after  all,  however,  then  it  is  planned  to  have  a  destroyer 
lay  EMF  mines  with  timing  device  at  the  western  entrance.  The  Group 
renews  its  request  that  submarine  U  "117"  be  made  available  to  the 
Group  for  additional  mining  operations  and  that  the  mines  requested 
be  allocated  unless  there  are  other  more  important  tasks  within  the 
area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines. 

Thereupon  the  Naval  Staff  decides  as  follows: 

(1)   Permission  is  granted  to  use  submarine  U  "117"  for  the  operation 
on  the  east  coast  of  Iceland  instead  of  in  the  Kara  Strait. 


-187- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
16    Sep.    V  k2 

(2)      The  allocation   of   mines   for  additional   operations    ir.   the 

area   of  Group  North  will  be  decided  on   later.      This   reservation 

is   necessary  because  the  report   requested  from  the  commanding  Admiral,, 

Submarines  about   the   planned  mining   operations    of  submarine   U   "117" 

has   not   yet  been   received, 

c.  Mine-laying   operations   in   the  Arctic   Ocean: 

Group  North   submits   to  the  Naval  Staff  a   copy   of   its 
directive   to  the  Admiral,   Arctic    Ocean  concerning   previous   plans 
not   yet  executed  and  new  mine-laying   plana? 

Tasks   still   to  be   executed  are    the   operations    "Paul",    "Iwan  I"   and 
alternative    "Zar"    (  "Zar   lii-20"  by  HIPPER).      The  following   operations 
were   cancelled:    "Rasputin'1,   because   Matochkln   Strait   is   frozen  and 
sealed  by  minefield   "Peter";    "Rurik"  and  the  uncompleted  sections 
of    " Roman ow"   and   "Iwan  II". 

Newly  planned  are: 

(1)  A  minefield   off  Kanin  Nos  ,    consisting   of  approximately  100  EMF 
and  EMC  mines   with  timing   device   set  for  60  days   to  be   interspersed 
witn  30   or  1+0  cutter  floats,    to  be    laid  by  2  destroyers.     Code 
name    "Zarewna". 

(2)  Mining   of   the  approach  route  to   the  White   Sea  with   EMF  and 
EMC  mines  without  timing  devices,   also  cutter  floats,    to  be  laid 
by  destroyers. 

d.  Blockade   of  Murmansk: 

The  Naval  Staff   shares   the   opinion   of  Group  North   on 
this  matter   (see  War  Diary   of   I4.   Sep.)    and  submits   Its  comment,    which 
corresponds    to  the   stand  of   the  Group,    to   the    Permanent   Representative 
of   the    Commander  In  chief,   Navy  at   the  Fuehrer  Headquarters,   who, 
during   a  conference  with  the   Chief   of  Staff,   Naval   Staff    on   17   Jul., 
had  asked  how   Murmansk  could  be   "cut   off"  from  supplies   during   the 
winter  by  mine-laying    operations. 

For   copy   of  memorandum  and  telegram  see   l/Skl.    op  1665/^2  Gkdos. 
Chefs.    In  War  Diary,    Part  C,   Vol.   VI. 

e.  Operations    of   naval  forces: 

Group  North   informs  the  Naval   Staff   about   the  general 
directive  to  the  Admiral,   Arctic   Ocean   outlining  the   measures  to  be 
taken   in   the  probable   event   that   the   task  force   of   the  Commanding 
Admiral,    Cruisers  will   not  be   committed   against  the   convoys   PQ  lo 
and  QP   II4.  • 

(1)  (a)      At   the   end   of    the    operation   against   PQ  18,    the  SCHEER 
Is   to  be  withdrawn   to  Narvik  with  2  destroyers. 

(b)      The   TIRPITZ  to  be  withdrawn   to  Trondheim  with  the 
destroyers   previously  assigned  to  escort  the   SCHEER  and  with 
torpedo  boats   T    "9"   and    "12". 

(2)  Following  the   arrival   of  convoy  PQ  18  at   Its   destination, 

the   HIPPER  with  the   KOELN   and  lj.  destroyers  will   execute    the  following 
mission: 


-188-  B"1052 


~) 


"> 


CONFIDENTIAL 
16   Sep.    19 k2 


20". 


(a)      HIPPER  to   lay  mines,   for   instance   the   minefields    "Zar    ll+- 


(b)      KOELN   (depending    on  the   weather)    and   destroyers   after 
crossing   the  zone    of    submarine    operations  will   strike   against    the 
Kola  coast  and   annihilate    the    patrol  vessels.      Depending   on   the   situa- 
tion,   they  will  then   return  either   to  Kirkenes    or  Alta  Fjord  for 
refueling,   whereupon   the  destroyers   are  to  set    out   once  more  to 
pick  up  the   HIPPER. 

Group  North  requests  the    Admiral,  Arctic    Ocean's   opinion  whether 
it  would  not  be  better   to  substitute   a  minefield,   perhaps   ir 
quadrant   AT  I4.8,   for    the    "Zar"  minefield. 

Since  the   transfer   of  the   TIRPITZ  to  Trondheim  is   not 
urgent,    the  Naval  Staff   is   of    the    opinion   that   it 
would   be   expedient    to  keep  the    ship  at   Narvik  for  the 
time   being,    since   it    is    certain   that   any   operational 
opportunity  which  arises   will  necessitate   a   jump-off 
from  a  point   as  far  north   as   possible. 

Group  North  is  therefore   instructed  to  postpone   the  withdrawal 

to  Trondheim  of   the  TIRPITZ,    unless  her   return  for  shipyard  repairs 

is   unavoidable,    in  which  case   this    should  be   reported. 


IV.      Skagerrak,   Baltic   Sea  Entrances,   Baltic   Sea 

Steamer  SCHAFHOERN   suffered  slight  damage  from  an   exploding 
mine   in  the  Kattegat. 

Minefield  "Sauna  IV"  was   laid   according    to  plan  in  the    Gulf    of 
Finland.      Motor  mine   sweeper  R  "66"   sank  in   quadrant  AO  3?S9   due 
to  a  mine  hit.      7   of   the   crew   survived.      Convoy  service   proceeded 
according    to   plan. 

Motor   mine   sweepers  and  detonations    in   the  Kronstadt   Sea  Channel   ob- 
served by  Naval  Coastal  Artillery  Battalion   53^  indicate   enemy  mine- 
sweeping    operations.     Group  North  advises    the   Commanding   Admiral, 
Baltic   Countries   that   it   is   most  urgent    to  renew   the    laying   of   torpedo 
mines  by  assault   boats.      Very  many  mines   must  be    laid,   because   the 
Russians  have   demonstrated  in  the  case    of    "Seeigel"    that  even   a 
mine  barrage   does  not   prevent  them  from  breaking  through.      (See 
Telegrams   I33O  and  153?.) 


V.        Merchant  Shipping 

Roosevelt  informed  Congress   of   the   establishment    of   "Cargoes 
Incorporated",   which  will  build  freighters    on   a  mass   production 
basis    under  the   supervision   of   the  Navy  Department  and   the  Maritime 
C  ommi  s  s  i  on . 

According    to   newspaper  reports,    Roosevelt    spoke    of  bu:  lding  a   torpedo- 
proof  merchant   vessel   in  the  U.S.A.      The  British  press   calls    this   type 
vessel  a   "Seamobile"   and  assumes    that  its   secret   lies   in  extremely 
shallow  draught. 


-189- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
16  Sep.   19^2 

VI.        Submarine  V.arf^re 

1  •        Enemy  Sltuaclon  : 

Reconnaissance   activity  in  the  rendezvous    area  was   centered 
In   the   Bay   of  Biscay,      A  plane  was    ordered  to  attack  a    submarine 
northeast    of    the  Faeroe  Islands;    later   a  second  plane   reported 
a  depth  charge    attack. 

Reports    on   submarine   attacks    were   intercepted  from  the   St.    Lawrence 
River,    east   of   St.   Johns,    and  northeast   of    Trinidad.      The   last    one 
at    I806   originated  from  an   unknown   steamer  ALEXANDBR  H.   STEPHENS. 
Also  a  number   of  messages   reporting  sighted   submarines  were  intercepted^ 

2.        Own  Situation: 

Regarding   operation   in   the  Arctic    Ocean  see   Own   Situation, 
Arctic   Ocean.      In  the  North  Atlantic,   Group    "Pfeil"   is    operating 
against   a  convoy  in   quadrant  AK.      Contact  was   maintained   intermittently 
and   only  by  a  few   submarines.      Submarine   U   M221"   reports   having 
been  driven   off   to  the    north  by  a  submarine   decoy  ship.     The    operation 
continues. 

k  submarines   were  newly  dispatched  to  the   zone   of    ore  rations    and  have 
orders   to  head  for  a   line   from  quadrant   AL  22  to  AK  I+I4.  and   to  report 
when  crossing   this    line. 

Submarine  U   "165"   sank   a  6,000  GRT   steamer   out    of  a   convoy  in  the 
St.    Lawrence   River. 

From  the  'rtest  Indies,    submarine   U   "558"   reports    sinking   a  coastal 
steamer   of   2,000  GRT  in  quadrant  ED  9995,    submarine  U   "Slij."   the 
torpedoing   of   the  British  steamer  CI0ST0  in  quadrant   ED  9929.     The 
wreck  ran   aground  and  was    set   on  fire  by  gunfire. 

No  reports   about  any  successes  were   received  from  the   South  Atlantic 
and  the   Mediterranean. 

In   connection  with   the   LAC ON I A  rescue   action,    the   Commanding  Admiral, 
Submarines   is  directed  to  take   along  as  many   of   the  British  officers 
as   possible      on   submarines   as   prisoners    of  war,  and  not   to  transfer 
them  to  trench    ships-;    according    to   international   law,    survivors 
taken    aboard  naval  forces    of   a  neutral  power  have   to  be  interned  so 
that   there  would  be   danger   of   their   release   some   time   in   the  future, 
(See   Telegram  l8l8.) 

Submarine  U   "I56"  was   attacked  by  a  U.S.   plane,    abandoned  the   rescue 
operation,    and  withdrew   in  westerly   direction  for  repairs. 

For   additional   reports,    particularly   on   the   LAC  ONI  A  operation, 

see   supplement    to  submarine    situation   in  war  Diary,    Part  B,   Vol.   IV. 


VII.    Aerial  Warfare 

1.        British  Isles  and   Vicinity; 

Daylight   reconnaissance   and  fighter  bomber  missions    against 
Rye   and  Eastbourne.      During  the  night   of   IS  Sep.   fires  were   caused 


-I90-  B"1052 


16  Sep.  1942 


by  raids  on  Boston  and  Ipswich, 


CONFIDENTIAL 


~) 


3 


About  the  enemy  planes  shot  down  over  the  Bay  of  Biscay  by  the  13th 
Squadron  of  the  40th  Bomber  Wing  see  Situation  West  Area. 

Colchester  and  Harwich  were  attacked  during  the  night  of  16  Sep. 

2.  Incursions; 

Approximately  200  enemy  planes  penetrated  into  western 
German  territory  and  reached  Osnabrueck,  Lemgo,  Giessen,  Wiesbaden,  arid 
Wittlich.   36  of  them  were  shot  down.   Heavy  damage  was  wrought  at 
Dortmund,  Oberhausen,  Bochum,  Duisburg,  Essen,-  Wuppertal,  minor  damage 
at  Cochem,  Wiesbaden-Biebrich,  and  Neuwied, 

The  number  of  planes  shot  down  is  in  proper  tion  with 
the  planes  involved.   The  attacks  on  industrial  and 
traffic  installations  as  well  as  residential  sections 
of  our  towns  are  reaching  highly  unpleasant  propor- 
tions and  will  eventually  affect  our  war  potential.  Thei 
enemy  evidently  attributes  vital  importance  to  the 
devastating  and  terrorizing  effect  of  his  air  attacks 
on  German  territory. 

3.  Mediterranean  Theater; 
Nothing  to  report. 

4.  Eastern  Front; 

On  15  Sep.  100  enemy  planes  were  reported  shot  down  by  our 
fighters  and  18  by  anti-aircraft  artillery  along  the  various  Array 
fronts;  on  16  Sep.  the  figures  were  67  and  12  respectively. 

Reconnaissance  activity  in  the  areas  of  the  Black  Sea  and  Caspian  Sea, 
in  the  Gulf  of  Finland  and  over  Lake  Ladoga. 

In  the  Arctic  Ocean,  1  PT  boat  was  definitely  damaged  and  2  more 
probably  damaged  on  15  Sep.  in  Pumanki  Bay. 

Regarding  operations  against  convoys  PQ  18  and  QP  14  see  Own  Situation, 
Arctic  Ocean. 

Special  Item; 

The  appointment  of  a  commander  of  advanced  training  for  carrier  de- 
tachments as  requested  on  17  Aug.  by  the  Inspector  with  the  Air  Force 
General  attached  to  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  was  refused  by  the 
Operations  Staff,  Air  Force  as  unnecessary  at  this  moment.   According 
to  a  communication  from  the  Plans  and  Schedules  Branch,  Naval  Staff 
Quartermaster  Division,  the  present  organizational  plan  provides  for  a 
commander  of  shipborne  planes  who  will  take  care  of  the  tasks  suggested 
for  the  commander  of  advanced  training.   Moreover,  an  inspector  of 
naval  air  is  planned  as  a  higher  command. 


-191- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
16   Sep.    19l>2 

VIII.   Warfare   la  the   Mediterranean   and  the  Black  Sea 

1.  Enemy  Situation,   Mediterranean; 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation,   Mediterranean: 

Steamer   RAVELLO  was   damaged  during   an    enemy  air  raid   on 
Benghazi   at  noon. 

Enemy  planes   attacked  Tobruk  betwe    n  2050  find  2250.     At  21 50  the 
Commanding  Officer,   Supply  and  Tra  .sports,   North  Africa  reported 
an   enemy  landing   L4.  km  west   of  Tobruk  and  enemy  forces    advancing    toward 
Via   Balbia.     According  to   a  message    of   22^0,   everything  was   quiet   at 
Tobruk.     It  may  be  that   the   report  was   caused  by  an   encounter  with 
scattered  remnants   of    the  earlier  landing   or   with  parachutists. 

3.  Transport   of   Supplies  to  North  Africa: 

_________________________________________ _____  t 

The  convoy  of  motor  ship  BARLETTA  was  attacked  In  the 
evening  by  enemy  planes  south  of  the  western  tip  of  Crete.   The 
convoy  ANKARA,  with  destroyer  HERMES  and  2  torpedo  boats,  was 
spotted  by  British  reconnaissance  planes  60  miles  northwest  of 
Tobruk.  A  naval  barge  sank  on  1I4.  Sep.  due  to  high  seas  while  under 
way  from  Suda  to  Derna. 

Otherwise,  transport  service  proceeded  according  to  plan. 

h»       Area  Naval  Group  South: 

Aegean  Seat 

Enemy  Situation: 

Submarines  were   sighted  in  the    evening    of   15  Sep.    off 
Candia   and  northwest    of   Skiathos . 

Own   Situation: 

Losses   of   personnel  were   caused  by  an  enemy  air  attack 
on  Candia  during  the   afternoon   of   ll|   Sep.  which,   according  to 
Reuter,    was  carried  out  by  heavy  U.S.  bombers. 

Battery  2/^20   is    reported  ready  for    operation  with  3  guns    on 
Prapanon  east    of   Suda. 

Convoy  and  transport   shipping  according  to  plan. 

Special  Item: 

As   reported  by  the  Chief  Administration   and  Supply  Office^ 
of  the   Commanding  General,   Armed  Forces,    Southeast,   the  reported 
curtailment  by  2*j%  of  the    occupation  costs  was  merely  an   experiment 
which  proved  a   failure. 

The  Admiral,   Aegean   Sea  and  Group  South  rightly  point   to  the  Injurious 
effects    of    this   experiment   and  request  a  decision    that   in  view    of   the 
progressive   devaluation   of   the  Greek  currency  the   amounts    of   funds 
appropriated  for  Greece    should  not  be  fixed.      For  details    see 
Telegram  1720. 

-I92-  B-1052 


1 


1 


CONFIDENTIAL 
16  Sep.    19^2 

The  Naval  Staff,    Quartermaster  Division  will  follow   this  matter  up. 

Black  Sea! 

Bnemy  Situation; 

According  to  radio  monitoring   it   is  probable   that   the 
large   ships    located  on   II4.   and   15  Sep.  have   reached  Poti    and  Batum. 

Reconnaissance   planes   sighted  a  convoy  on   a  northwesterly  course 
off  Gagry  at   noon;   it  consisted  of   a   large   steamer  escorted  by 

1  mine   sweeper   and  2  motor  mine  sweepers. 

Own   Situation: 

Auxiliary  mine   sweeper  XANTEN  arrived  at  Galatz   on   11  Sep. 
from  Linz. 

Transport  and  convoy  traffic   proceeded  on  the  whole  according   to 
plan.     Barge  convoys  for   the   Crimea   sailed  for   the  first   time. 

2  PT  boats   are   scheduled  for  operation  against  enemy  shipping 

off   the  coast  between  Tuapse   and  Sochi   during   the   night  of    lb   Sep. 

Special  Item; 

Group  South  submits   the  requirements   for   transferring 
coastal  batteries   to  the    Caspian  Sea  and  the    Caucasian  coast   to   the 
Naval  Staff,    Quartermaster  division.     For  copy  of    telegram  see 
l/Skl  2302I4-A2  Gkdos.   in  War  Diary,    Part   C,   Vol.  XIV  a. 


IX.      Situation  East  Asia 

According   to  Reuter,    the   Japanese  have  been  landing  troops 
on  Guadalcanal  since   12  oep.   and  are  attacking   the   airfield. 

According  to   the  United  Press,   an  incendiary  bomb  was   dropped   on 
9   Sep.    on   the   southern  coast    of   Oregon  (U.S.A. ),  probably   by  a 
plane  released  from  a  Japanese   submarine. 

U.S.   fighter  planes   attacked  Japanese   ships   and  troops    on  Kiska 
Island  in  the  Aleutians. 


X.        Army  Situation 

1.        Russian  Front : 

Army  Group  A: 

Enemy  pressure  on  all  sectors  of  the  Army  Group  oontinues. 
North  of  Isherskaya  'in  the  Grozny  area,  German  forces  advanced  in  an 
easterly  direction  and  forced  the  enemy  to  withdraw. 


-193- 


B-1052 


" 


lc   Sep.   1 


Array  Group  B; 

Long-range   reconnaissance   sighted   a    strongly  held  enemy 
trench  system  northwest    of  Astrakhan.      In  the  tattle   for    Stalingrad 
we   repulsed  enemy   tank  attacks    in   a  southern   suburb.      The   enemy  is 
trying   to  prevent  a    junction   cf    the  forces  battling   their  way  to 

center    of    the  city  from  the    south  and  north.      German   infantry 
fi_  near  the    south  station  succeeded  in   advancing    on  either 

a   of  the  railroad  and  reaching    the  Tsaritsa   niver  bank.      Strong 
ener.y  attacks    in   the  £>on  River  bend  northwest    of   Svoboda  were 
repulsed.      Heavy  enemy  .pressure    in   the   Voronezh  area  continues. 

Central  Army  Group: 

.-.r.   enemy  attack   south  of  Novosil   is    expected.      -Enemy 
troop  concentrations    in   the  Sychevka  area  were  dispersed  by  gunfire. 

ny   attacks    at   Zubtsov  and  in  the    Rzhev  area   continue   in  unabated 
strength.      German  ground  attack  planes    supported  our  successful 

anse. 

Northern  Army  Group; 

A  strong  enemy  attack  on  the  penetration  point  northeast 
of  Lyuban  was  repulsed.   Our  newly  won  positions  south  of  Lake 
Ladoga  were  held  successfully  by  the  light  infantry  division  against 
all  enemy  attacks. 

2.  Finnish  Front; 

An  enemy  scouting  detachment  which  had  landed  in  the 
western  sector   of   Motovski   Bay  was   annihilated  by   one   of   our    outposts. 

3.  North  Africa: 

The   enemy  is  feeling  his  way  toward  the   southern  front 
sector  with   tanks   and  riflemen.      Otherwise   normal  harassing 
gunfire. 

The   report   of   another   enemy   landing  at   Tobruk  proved  false. 


-I94-  B-105  2 


~) 


1 


CONFIDENTIAL 
17   Sep.    1% 'd 

Items    of   Political  Importance 

Madagascar ; 

Accord.' ng   to   an   official  report  from  Vichy,   General  Annet   the 
Governor   of    Madagascar,   has  begun  negotiations  with  the  British 
Commander   in   Chief.      Fighting   continues,   however. 

Great   Eritain: 

British  public    opinion   considers    the   severe  German   air   raid    on 
London   of   15  Sep.   I9I4.O  an  event   of  greatest  historical  importance. 
The  British   Air   Ministry  published   a  memorandum  about   it.      The 
Times    speaks    of   "A  Trafalgar   of    the   air".     For  details    see 
Political   Review  No  218,    paragraph  2. 

Minister   of  YJar   Production   Lyttleton  points    out   that   only  20   of 
the   expected  80  critical  days   are    left;    thereafter  the  war 
will  enter   a  new   phase.     If   Russia   can  bear   up  even  a  few  weeks 
more,    the   course   of   events  will   change   in   favor   of   the   Allies. 
Time   is   the   important   factor. 

For   the   Minister's   remaining   statements   regarding  British  war 
production  which  still  exceeds  American   production   see   Political 
Review  No  2l8,    paragraph   3. 

The   London  Times   report    on   the  German   demands   for  French   shipping 
space"]    of  which  the  Government    is    aware,    is' on  the  whole   accurate. 
A  decision    on   these   demands  has   not  been  made.     It    seems    that  the 
newspaper  has    learned  nothing   of    the  concessions    offered  by 
Germany  in   return. 

Syria : 

De  Gaulle's  attempt  at  reconciliation  between  Generals  Catroux 
and  Spears  seems  to  have  failed.  De  Gaulle  has  left  Beirut  for 
French  Equatorial  Africa. 

Iceland; 

The  Althing  has  postponed  the  decision  on  the  question  of 
independence  until  after  a  plebiscite,  a  development  which  Is 
highly  pleasing  to  Denmark. 

Japan; 

In  connection  with   rumors   current   in  foreign  countries   about 
Japanese   efforts      to  mediate  between  Moscow   and  Berlin,    the 
Japanese   Office    of  Vvar  Information  denies   a  report   of  an  alleged 
visit    in   Moscow  by  Ambassador   Sato. 

Iran; 

The  Transocean  News  Agency  reports  that  the  Russian  Army  con- 
fiscated Iranian  tonnage  lying  in  Iranian  Caspian  Sea  ports 
following  the  failure  to  reach  an  amicable  agreement. 


-195-  B-1052 


TIAj 


1?  Sep.    19U2 


Special  Items  : 


A  compilation   of    enerr.y  information   obtained  by  the   radio  decoding 
and  intercept  services  during    the   period   of  7   to   13   Sep,   is 
contained  in   Radio  Intelligence   Report  No  37A-2  issued  by   the 
Naval   Communications   Division,    Communications   Intelligence  Branch, 

Reference   is   made  to  the  description    of  the   U.S.    radio  monitoring 
achievements   against  German  submarines    on   the  North  Atlantic 
coast   with   a  chart   showing  the    information   obtained  since   1  Aug  • 
19U2  (see   top   secret   radio   intelligence   report   (XB),    pages   6   to  9). 

The   Chief,    Operations    Division,   Naval    Staff  calls    the   attention 

of   the   Chiefs,   Naval   Communications   division   and  Naval  Intelligence 

Division    to   the   discrepancy  between  XE, report  no,    36/I4.2   of 

10  Sep,   lH|2  and  the   picture   presented  by   the  Naval  Intelligence 

Division,   Foreign  Merchant   Marine  Branch  with  regard  to  enemy 

shipping    routes    in  the  Atlantic.      In   the    opinion    of   the   ^hief, 

Operations  Division,   Naval   Staff    the    original   text   of   the  Eritish 

sailing   instructions   does  not    in  itself    indicate  whether  ship 

traffic    is   to  be    routed  inside    or   outside   a   300  mile    strip   off 

the  coast;    this   ambiguity   should  have  been  pointed  out   in   the 

XB  report.      The  Naval   Staff  holds   that   in  any  case   the   information 

obtained  by  the   Chief,   Naval    Communications   Division  exclusively 

from  the   radio  intercept   and  radio  deciphering    services   should  be 

evaluated  in  consultation  with   the  Intelligence   Division,   Naval 

Staff  where   intelligence  from  all  available    sources   is    concentrated. 

For   copy   of   letter   see   l/Skl  I  k  2300l+A*2  Gkdos .   in  V«ar  Diary, 
Part   C,   Vol.   I. 

This   touches    on  the   much  debated   organizational 

problem  as   1 0  whether  the   Radio  Intelligence 

Service   should   primarily  be  regarded  as    a  matter 

of  tactical  and  technical  nature    or  as    of    operational 

nature. 


Situation    17  Sep.    I9I4.2 

I.        V?ar   in  Foreign  Vnaters 

1.        Enemy   Situation; 

According    to  an  Italian  report  from  Lourenco  Marques, 
the   3  battleships    RODNEY,    REVENGE,    RAMILLIES,    the   submarine  CLYDE, 
and  a  number   of   escort  vessels  were   at  Durban   on   8  Sep,      A  total 
of   60,000  U.S.   troops  was  being    expected  at   Gapetown,  U,000   of 
which   arrived   on  28  Aug.     a  convoy   of   12    ships   sailed  from  Durban 
for   Madagascar   on  2  Sep,      The   ships    anchored  in  the   Durcan   roads 
are   protected  by  planes   and  torpeio   coats.      Approximately  30#000 
men   are    at  Durban   at  the  present    time.      A  few   of   the  warships 
lying    at  Durban  belong   to   the  U.S«   Navy, 

According    to  a  French  communication   of    17  Sep.   to   the    German 
Armistice   Commission,   British  forces    on  Madagascar   are   slowly  ad- 
vancing  in   the   direction   of   Tananarive.      On   ll|   Sep,   they   reached 
Andriba  which  was    occupied   on   16   Sep.      Morondava   was  evacuated  again 
on   li+  Sep,     Additional  British  forces    landed  in  the  northwestern 


-I96- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
17   Sep.    19 1+2 

part    of   the   island  between  Analalava   and   Ambajana.      The   Vichy 
Government    has   requested  Governor  General  Annet   to  confirm  that 
he  will  continue   to   resist   in  accordance  with  his    orders. 

An   intelligence   report    of   11   Sep.    states    that   near    Rakka  a  600  m 
steel  bridge    across  the  Euphrates   River  has  been  in  use   since 
the   middle   of   August. 

2 •        Own   Situation  : 

The   Japanese   Navy  has  finally   agreed  to   the    visit   by 
ship   "10"  but   requested  that  the  ship  call  at  Balik  Papan   after 
passing    Sunda   Strait    and  take    on   a   capacity   load   of  Tarakan   oil 
for    use   of    the    blockade-runners   in   Japan.      Ship   "10"   is    to  refuel 
later  in   the    southern   area    on  her  return   voyage. 

The  Naval  Staff   instructs   ship    "10"   accordingly  by  Radiograms 
1250  and  221+3. 

The  Naval   Staff   informs   the  Naval  Attache   at   Tokyo  that   ship   "10" 
will   sail   on  20  Sep.    from  I30   00'    S,    105      00'   E  to   the  Sunda 
Strait   at   a  rate   of   15  knots. 

The  Naval  Attache   at   Tokyo  reports  that    the   Japanese  Navy  will 
bring   the  German   seamen   from  Medan  to  Shonanho  (Singapore),   where 
they  will  be   put   aboard  the    CHARLOTTE  SCiILIEl.lANN  after   50  war 
prionsers  have  been   taken  off.     The  SCHLIEMANN  is   to  sail  directly 
to  Shonanho  through   the    Sunda  and  Karimata   Straits,   where   she  will 
load  as   much  oil  as   possible   for  the   Japanese  Navy   and   then  pro- 
ceed directly  to  Japan.      The   Japanese  Navy  Is   investigating 
whether   it   is  possible  for  the   ship   to  take    on  2^0  tons    of  Tarakan 
oil  at   Shonanho  for  German  test   purposes.   If   this   is   impossible, 
the    tests   cannot  be   carried  out.      (See   Telegram  2011.) 

The  Naval  Staff   Informs    the  WESERIAND  by  Radiogram  1552  as  follows: 

"Southbound  enemy  shipping  is  routed  between   100   and   200  miles, 
northbound  traffic   between   200  and  300  miles   east    of    St.    Paul's 
Rock.     In  addition   there  Is   direct   traffic   somewhere      along    the 
line  Bahia   to  Freetown.      This    should  be  borne   In  mind  if    the 
ship  is    sighted  and  has   to   assume  a  deceptive     course.     A  straight 
course   from  point   "Waschbord"   to  point    "Welle"   appears   to  be 
favorable   at  this  moment,   but   it   is   preferable    to  keep  to  the 
east  rather  than   to  the  west   thereof." 

Enemy   situation  report   to  all  ships   in   foreign  waters  by  Radiogram 
0ii21   and   O75O.    - 


II.      Situation  West  Area 

1.        £-nemy  Situation: 

Nothing   to  report. 


B-1052 

-197- 


17   Sep.    1942 

2.         Own   Situation; 

Atlantic    Coast; 

2  ground   mines  were    swept   in   the  ^ironie   estuary, 

aval   Staff  informs  Group  West,   with  copy   to   the   Commanding 
al,    Submarines,    that   the  aJFEIS  will  sail  around   23   Sep. 

from  tne   center   of    large   quadrant  C-D  after   delivering   supplies 
to  the  auxiliary  cruisers    "25"   and    "23".      She  will   proceed  north 
at  a   speed  of    11  knots   and  will  sail  at   a  top   speed   of   15  knots 

tween   I50  S  and  10°  N  and   after   crossing   3*5°  ?!.     Group  Viest 
is   requested  to   investigate  whether  the   ship  can  get   through   at 
these   speeds   in  view   of  the   present    enemy  situation.      The  Group 
is   to   assume   command   of   the   ship  after   she   reach=s   ^0°  N.      The 

LS  is  camouflaged  as  the  TOHRENS  or  the  TALtiOT.  She 
has  temporary  orders  to  proceed  via  I4.20  N,  37°  *j  k&°  30'  N, 
22°   00*    7>;   k3°  l+B*    N,    07°    52'   W. 

Channel  Coast; 

2  enemy  planes,    one   a  [{.-engine   bomber,   were  shot   down 
at   0100   and  012o  by  naval   coastal  artillery. 

ne -laying  mission   "Oder"  was   executed  according    to  plan. 

Special   Items; 

a.  The   Naval  Staff   investigated  the  question   of 
whether   some    of    the  ships    of  the    5th  Torpedo  Boat  Flotilla 
could  be   used   to   escort   ship   "l4-5"»    the    sailing    of  which  can 

no   longer  be   postponed;    it  was   decided  that    the    3   ships   FALKE, 
,    JAGUAR  can  be   used  for   the    purpose   in  spite   of  certain 
inconveniences . 

An   order    to   this    effect   is   given  by  l/3kl  I    op  2293UA2  Gkdos . 
For   copy   see   War   Diary,    Part   C,   Vol.   II  b. 

Group  Viest   reports   that,   according   to  a  report    of  the    Jvd  Torpedo 
Eoat  Flotilla,    the   engine    overhaul   of   T   "10"   and   T   "li|"  may 
be   postponed  by  1+  'weeks   in  each  case.      (See   Telegram  2215»1 

b,  A  supplement    to   the  Naval  Staff's   report    to   the 
Operations    Staff,    Armed  forces  High  Command  concerning   The 
Casquets    is   forwarded  by  Telegram  l/Skl  I   a  22769 f\\2  Gkdos.  For 
copy   see  War  Diary,    Part   C,   Vol.   II  b. 


III.   North  Sea,   Norway,    Arctic    Ocean 
1.        North   Sea; 

Enemy   Situation; 

Nothing  to  report. 

Own    Situation  1 

Heavy  enemy   air    activity   in   the   area   of   northern  Holland 

-I98-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


17   Sep.    19i+2 


1 


Z> 


was   reported  during    the  night   of   16   Sep.      One  plane  was   shot  down 
at  Ijmuiden  by  naval  anti-aircraft.     A  ground  mine  was    swept   off 
Schiermonnikoog  and   one    off  Ameland.      Convoys   from  the  Elbe   River 
to  Hook   of  Holland  were   postponed  for   2l+  hours   due  to  bad  weather. 
Traffic   on  the  Elbe  and  Ems   Rivers  had  to  be   suspended. 

2.        Norway; 

Lively  enemy  air  activity  on  15  and  16  Sep.  is  reported. 
Bombs  were  dropped  at  several  points  on  the  arctic  and  north 
Norwegian  coasts.   3  British  torpedo  planes  sank  steamer  KARPF ANGER 
( U » 9 7U  ORT)  out  of  a  convoy  near  Obrestad  at  noon  on  17  Sep. 

On  15  Sep.  at  21+00  a  Russian  battery  on  the  RybachI  Peninsula  fired 
without  result  on  a  westbound  convoy.  A  patrol  vessel  of  the 
Coastal  Patrol  Group,  West  Coast  sank  on  lo  Sep.  due  to  a  collision. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  submits  a  supplementary  report  of 
the  Admiral,  Arctic  Coast  about  the  sinking  of  steamer  B0RNH0FEN; 
he  shares  the  view  expressed  therein  that  the  sinking  was  caused 
by  an  explosion  from  within  the  ship,  probably  a  bomb  planted  in 
the  coal  cargo.  It  could  not  have  been  caused  by  a  mine,  since 
the  steamer  was  proceeding  behind  a  minesweeper  and  no  mines 
were  observed  afterwards.  Ground  mines  could  not  have  been  In- 
volved, since  the  water  depth  measured  100  m.   Torpedo  tracks 
or  columns  of  water  were  not  observed.   (See  Telegram  I855O 

3»   Arctic  Ocean: 

a.    Operation  against  PQ  18  and  QP  ll|; 

Reconnaissance  planes  reported  PQ  18  at  0950  In 
quadrant  AT  7H7»  consisting  of  approximately  30  merchant  vessels 
on  a  course  of  lo0°,  without  the  aircraft  carrier  which  evidently 
had  been  shifted  to  convoy  QP  II4..  At  I55I  submarine  U  "251" 
sighted  3  destroyers  and  ship-borne  planes,  probably  belonging 
to  the  carrier,  in  quadrant  AC  3568.  Neither  submarines  nor 
aircraft  were  able  to  close  In  for  attack  on  either  convoy. 

Submarine  operations  against  PQ  18  have,  on  the  whole,  been 
terminated.  Nothing  has  been  heard  from  submarines  U  "88", 
tj  "1+57",  and  U  "589",  which  must  unfortunately  be  considered  lost. 
The  results  achieved  by  the  submarines,  15  of  which  were  operating 
at  times  against  PQ  16,  amount  to  the  sinking  of  1+  steamers, 
totalling  2l|, 000  GRT,  3  torpedoings  with  1  hit  each  on  steamers 
and  2  probable  hits  on  destroyers;  the  loss  of  3  submarines  is 
a  high  price  for  this  unsatisfactory  achievement,  which  must  be 
attributed  to  the  strong  defenses  of  the  convoy  and  to  the  sub- 
marine captains'  lack  of  experience  In  combatting  heavily 
escorted  convoys.  The  Naval  Staff  requests  Group  North  to  sub- 
mit a  final  review  of  this  operation.  In  view  of  the  strength  of 
convoy  PQ  18,  which  is  reported  still  to  consist  of  31  merchant 
vessels,  the  Group  is  convinced  that  the  Air  Force's  reports 
about  damage  to  numerous  vessels  must  be  due  to  duplications 
and  incorrect  observation,  and  that  submarines  therefore  have 
little  prospect  of  finding  damaged  ships.  For  this  reason  it  Is 
best  to  continue  the  battle  against  PQ  l8.as  long  as  possible. 
The  Group  further  raises  the  question  whether  It  would  not  be 
advisable,  In  view  of  the  strong  defense  to  be  expected,  to  launch 
a  massed  attack  of  submarines  against  the  whole  convoy  QP  ll|  from 


-199-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
17  Sep.   191+2 

a  greater  distance   and  to  fire  G   7  A  type  torpedoes   from  a  fine 
angle   on  the  tow. 

The   Commanding   Admiral,   Group  North    expressed  his  great  appreciation 
for   the   excellent  performance   of   the   submarines   during   the   operations 
against   convoy  PQ  lS. 

.8  submarines  can  be   in  patrol  line  between  quadrants  AC   2171  and 
AC   ?)|)|li    at   1700   on  .18  Sep. 

7   submarines  are   engaged  in  the    operation  against   QP  li(.. 

b.  Concerning  fuel   supply  for  the    submarines    operating 
in    the   Arctic   Ocean; 

With  regard  to   the   adverse   attitude   of   the  Command- 
ing  Admiral,    Submarines   (see  War  Diary   15   Sep.)   Group  North  re- 
marks  that  it    is   not   in   a  position   to    judge  whether   training    '» 
is   as   important   as   operations   in    the   Atlantic.      The   distance 
which  will  have    to  be   covered  in  future    operations    on   account 
of   the   changes   in   the   enemy's   convoy  3ystem  ( PQ  and   QP   convoys 
meet    off  Novaya  Zemlya)    is    5»200  miles,   according   to  the  Group's 
calculations.      Thus,    if   it    is    Impossible  to  allocate   submarine 

>ers,   Group  North  considers   it  necessary  to   have  a   number  of 
naval   larges,    converted   into  small-size   tankers,   stand  by  in  the 
northernmost   island  waters    of  northern  Norway. 

c.  Submarine    operations   planned  in  -the  Arctic    Ocean; 

Group  North   informs   the  Naval  Staff,    with  copies 
to   the   Commanding  Admiral,    Submarines   and    the   5th  Air   Force,    of 
its   new   directive   to  the  Admiral,    Arctic    Ocean  about  the  dis- 
position  of  submarines   for  intercepting    and  combatting   convoys; 

(1)  As   soon  as   convoy  QP    ll|.  has  reached  port, 

3   submarines   are   to   lay  the   minefields    "Paul",    "Iwan",   and   "Knospe 
II";    the   remaining  boats  will  rest    and  attend  to   repairs. 

(2)  Approximately  a  week   later  2   or  3   submarines 
are    to  maintain  a  permanent  patrol   line    off. Iceland. 

(3)  2   or   3   submarines    are    to  guard  the  Bear 
Island  passage    or  the    entrance   to   the   White   Sea,    attention   to  be 
focused  on  Bear  Island. 

(Ij.)  When  definite   information  about  approaching 

convoys   is   received,   all   submarines   standing  by  at  all  ports   are 
to  be   used  for   a  concentrated  attack. 

The    5th  Air  Force   is    requested  to   reconnoiter   and  patrol   the 
waters  between  Iceland   and   Jan  Mayen   as  well  as  the   Denmark  Strait 
and  to  gather   information   about  the  principal   convoy  assembly 
places   and   the  Iceland  fjords. 


V.      Skagerrak,   Baltic   Sea    Entrances,   Baltic  Sea 

Steamer  SCHARHOERN     reached  Aalborg   under  her    own  power.   Motor 
ship  ANNIE   (235  GRT)    sank  off   Samsoe  after   striking   a  mine.   The 


*»/v«  B_1052 

-200- 


~) 


') 


CONFIDENTIAL 
17  Sep.  191*2 

Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  Baltic  Sea  submits  a  belated  report 
of  a  mine  detonation  near  steamer  TRAUTENFELS  west  of  Kallundborg 
which  took  place  on  15  Aug.;  the  ship  suffered  no  damage. 

The  Swedish  Navy  recommended  that  if  at  all  possible  Swedish  merchant 
vessels  sail  within  Swedish  territorial  waters  between  Oeregrund 
and  Norra  Kwacken. 

The  Naval  Staff  forwards  this  information  from  the  German  Naval 
Attache  at  Stockholm  to  Group  North,  the  Baltic  Naval  Station, 
and  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic  Sea,  with  the  request 
from  the  Reich  Commissioner  of  Maritime  Shipping  that  everything 
be  avoided  that  might  increase  the  :iiff  icultie  s  of  Swedish  ore 
shipping,  since  the  ore  transport  situation  is  so  critical.   The 
Reich  Commissioner  of  Maritime  Shipping  is  willing  to  accept  the 
greater  risk  involved. 

Except  for  convoy  traffic  which  proceeded  according  to  plan,  all 
other  activity  in  the  area  of  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic 
Sea  suffered  from  bad  weather. 

The  Naval  Liaison  Staff,  Finland  requests  an  early  decision  whether 
the  coastal  mine  laying  vessels  and  the  Italian  subchasers  are  to 
remain  in  or  to  be  removed  from  Lake  Ladoga,  because  the  Salma 
Canal  will  also  be  frozen  by  the  middle  of  October.  (See  Telegram 

11+30.) 

Group  North    reports   the  schedule   planned  for   the   trip   east    of   the 
Commanding   Admiral,   Group  North  between  20   and  29   Sep.    See   Tele- 
gram 2155* 


V.        Submarine  Warfare 

1.        Enemy  Situation: 

Lively  reconnaissance   activity,   particularly  in   the 
Bay   of  Biscay,   where   3   submarines   were   reported.   A  submarine 
attack  was   reported  i|50  miles   north    of  Georgetown, 

The   Canadian  Navy  Minister  announced  that  an  Atlantic    convoy  was 
attacked  by  submarines   during   the  week  ending    on  12  Sep.    and  that 
Lj.  guard  ships   and   1   escort   vessel  were    lost.      Submarine    activity 
off   the    Canadian  coast- has  apparently  been   increased  as   a  result 
of   improved  defenses   along   the   U.S.    east  coast. 

A  Reuter   dispatch  from  authoritative    London   sources  which   asserts 
that    the  German   claim  of  having   sunk   19   ships   during  the  submarine 
operations   against   an  Atlantic   convoy  (as   reported  by  a  communique 
of  the   Armed  forces   High  Command)    is   far  from  true. 

The   communique   of    the  Armed  forces  High  Command 
concerning  the    operation  of   Group   "Vorwaerts" 
which  is    referred  to   in   the   above   denial  corresponds 
to   the   suggestion   of  the   Commanding  Admiral,   Sub- 
marines.    In   the  case  in  question,    reports  were 
received  about   a  considerable   number    of   unconfirmed 
torpedo  hits,    from  which  the  Commanding   Admiral, 
Submarines   assumed  that   3   steamers  were   sunk.   Should 


-201-  B~1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
17   Sep.    1?42 

this  be   the   cause    of    the   discrepancy,    the   British 
have  no  right    to  deny   our  report   in   such   strong 
terms • 

According   to  press    reports,    the  Brazilian   steamer  BARBACENA   (6,375 
GRT)    and  the   tanker   PIAVE   (2,5)4.7  GET)    were    sunk  probably  around 
the   end   of   July. 

2.        Own   Situation: 

3   additional   submarines  have    left  Germany,    and   1  has 
left  western  France.      Regarding    operations   against  convoys    ?«i  18 
and   '^P   II4   see   Own  Situation,   Arctic    Ocean. 

In   the   North   Atlantic,   Group   "Loss"  was   directed   to    operate 
against   an  HX  convoy  which'was    located   in   quadrant   AJ  by  radio 
monitoring. 

Group   "Pfeil"  was    unable   to  establish  contict   with  the    convoy 
reported   in    quadrant  AK.      The  Group  will  proceed  from  a  patrol 
line    quadrant  AK   5966    to  AK  981I+    to   a   new    line  from  AK   6587   to 
AK  965U  where   another  westbound  convoy  may  be   expected  to  show   up. 

No   successes  were  reported  from  the   American   coast. 

Submarine  U    "515"   reported  from  the   West  Indies    that    she   sank- 
the   steamer   MARY   (7,200  GET)    in   quadrant   E0  '1326. 

South'  Atlantic  Group:    Submarine  U   "552"   is    to   oper-te   off   the 
Tejo   River  mouth. 

Group  "litis"  is  deployed  in  patrol  line  from  quadrant  DT  5^19 
to  DT  6619. 

Submarine  U  "109"  sank  the  British  steamer  PETEETON  (5,221  GRT) 
in  quadrant  EE  3258. 

In  the  course  of  the  LACONIA  rescue  operation,  submarine  U  "507" 
transferred  163.  Italians  to  the  dispatch  vessel  ANNAMITE  and 
kept  the  communications  officer  and  another  British  officer  of  the 
LACONIA  on  board.   7  life  boats  with  approximately  33O  British 
and  Poles  are  at  point  "Treibanker"  in  quadrant  FE  §ol2,    additional 
life  boats  are. 'in  quadrant  FS  9619.   The  GLOIRE  was  informed  of 
their  positions.   Submarine  U  "506",  too,  has  delivered  survivors 
to  the  dispatch  vessel;  the  submarine  was  unsuccessfully  attacked 
by  an  enemy  sea  plane  at  noon. 

For  additional  reports  see  supplement  to  submarine  situation  in 
War  Diary,  Part  B,  Vol.  IV. 

Since  the  entire  route  "Anton"  is  now  within  the  zone  closed  to 
submarine  opera ti one,  single  ships  may  no  longer  be  attacked  east 
of  20°  W  and  north  of  50  S.   However,  according  to  the  Commanding 
Admiral,  Submarines,  this  zone  offers  good  possibilities,  and 
he  has  therefore  requested  that  the  waters  north  of  a  line  from 
300  W.  0°  N  to  I50  W  50  S  and  hence  along  latitude  5  S  to  the 
African  coast  be  reopened  for  submarine  operations. 

In  view  of  blockade  runner  traffic,  the  Naval  Staff  cannot  approve 
the  request  in  its  entirety,  but  defines  the  eastern  border  of  route 
"Anton"  as  follows  until  further  notice,  to  become  effective  at  on0e: 


-202-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
17   Sep.    19i|2 

The    Spanish  coast    at  [4.2°  N   via  I4.20  N   30°  W,    10°  N   30°  W,    the 
equator   at   20°  W,    5°  S   I50  v.;   from  there   along    latitude   5°  S  to 
the  African   coast.      In   addition,    a   strip   300  miles   wide   along 
the   African  coast   is   open   to  submarine  attacks.      The   western 
border    of   route    "Anton"   remains   the   s  ame    as  heretofore. 

See   Telegram  '615  for    the  corresponding    order   to  the    Commanding 
Admiral,    Submarines. 

Following  consultation  with  the   Foreign   Office,    permission   to 
execute    the  planned  mine-laying    operations    off  New  York   is   granted 
as    of   today. 

For  copy   of   order   see   l/Skl   1  c/e   22751A2  Gkdos .      in  War   Diary, 
Part  C,   Vol  IV. 

For   details    see  War   Diary,    Part   C,   Vol.   VIII. 


VI.      Aerial   warfare 

1.        British  Isles   and  Vicinity; 

Reconnaissance    operations   were   carried   out.      Harwich 
and  V.- or  thing  were  attacked  by  fighter  bombers    during  the  day. 
Kings lynn   and  Great  Yarmouth   were   raided  during   the   night   of 

15  Sep. 

2 •        Incursions : 

10  to  15   enemy  planes    penetrated  into   the   Bordeaux   area 
and  attacked  the  harbor.     For  damage   report   see   daily   situation 
report.      10   enemy  planes   also  mined   the   waters   north   of  Cherbourg. 

3,        Mediterranean   Theater; 

Today's   activities    included  missions   at   the  African 
front,    convoy  escorts   and  a   fighter   attack   on  Malta. 

i|*        Eastern  Front; 

65  enemy  planes  were    shot    down    at  the   Army  front.      Re- 
connaissance  flights   were   carried   out    over   the   Black  Sea. 

From  Lake   Ladoga   a  bomber   attack  with  good   results    on   the    Selenez 
Islands   radio  station   is    reported  to   have   been   carried  out    on 

16  Sep.      Regarding    operations    against   convoys    PQ  18   and   QP   II4.   see 
Own   Situation,   Arctic   Ocean. 


VII.  Warfare   in  the   Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1.        Enemy  Situation,    Mediterranean; 

An  Italian   signal   station   on  Sardinia  was  fired   on  by 
an  enemy   submarine    on   lb   Sep.      An   enemy   submarine  was   sighted 
on   17  Sep.    off   Cape   Misurata  and    another   off   Rhodes.      Otherwise 


-203- 


B-1052 


:_      ....1 

17  --    •    "-  -  _ 

not:  I        :      report  from  1 

I'-.e    '-- '  £  .  ="r  .:_-:■:■-  -  [EH  and 

. 

£.         l-..r.    -£££-!  :r.,      .ri     -  -  zs.  : 

The    :  r  of  the  star  1  Lne    Sweeper  Flotilla 

Lnt<  aotor   torpedc      aat    "''-.'    as   a 

f ast   subchac  Lean  coast • 

.    Italy  the   c  osnei  tment 

of    a  ss  to   tie  westei  Due  to  the   preset  t 

state  of  r(  f  our  a  t  safely    count   on 

_    :         _    £  3  at    buz    _i=posal  by  October  f:  ions   In 

the  eastei  2  for  the  ae: ten  i  n. 

Pointing   to  the    sll      prospects    Lr    :':. e    et  tei  ind 

the  e  .  aval 

and,   Italy  rta   its   intention   t  at  least  2  s 

Kedltei  to  have  at    1    ast    T    sub- 

£    In  3  for  the  new  moon   perJ  -    ". 

1      the    eastern      b    Lterranei        would  have    tc    t  Che 

Italy    -r    convinc--    t]         the    aneary,      he   is 
aware   that  t  ^rnan   Air   -rarce   is    tied  up,    will  £ 

-    £      the    _    test  during    the    >ctobe      new  moon  pLase  for  a   new 
la.       -    :ale    c  ton  f or  ti  ly  of  Kalta.      rherefore    the 

.     -         .     _  -  ,'.'.'  -  -  -  ~    £  :er: 

an  would  be  .         -.  . 

The  laval    -raff   approves   of  these   plana*    As  far   as    list:  i£ .  :i  cr. 
Is  concerned,  centra ted  in   t 

edlt€  til  :  notic-.      However,   the   eastern 

Lterranee  Id  stripped  completely  in  viec   of 

:  .         the    east    and 
on   account    of  a  rcoas-s    occur!  y   our 

for: es . 

For   cot-   of    iirective    see    l/Skl  I  u  1+2  Gkdos.   Chef    .    It 

War  £    :,  Vol.  XIV. 

T  •         lrsr.  =  7::t    ::'    3.:~"li-5    :-       :_££.-.    Africa: 

The  convoy  of   t:  IEK,   bound  for  Tobruk,wa£    spotted 

at  noon   on  17  Sep,  lalssance   planes  60      Ilea 

south   of   Crete.  j  en  route  to  Tobruk  »: 

by  e  of   17  Sep.      northwest    of   Tobruk. 

iTOKE   (1,01c   GRI      ran  s.  i  50  miles   south   of    ofax 

1  le   pr :  :  I  ':-'.::    ::    Irlrcli, 

£D  report  about   supply  and  coastal  shipping. 

h»         .--     -    ":.-!    ?-:  :  .  :    ;.  :     £:.  : 
.-.£    -    a   Sea: 

- 

During  the  night  of  15  ££  .  Tandia  was  arain  attacked 
by  enemy  planes.         ir.  the  harbor  was  sli  r.t.   Otherwise 


■-:::: 
-204- 


D 


D 


CONFIDENTIAL 
17   Sep.    19^2 

Black  Sea: 

Enemy  Situation: 

During   the    afternoon   of    16   Sep.   2   escorted  tankers, 
one   northbound,    the  other    southbound,   were    sighted  by  air 
reconnaissance  between  Gelendzhik     and  Tuapse.      A  heavy  cruiser 
and  1   destroyer  were    ob   erved   on   a  northwesterly  course   southwest 
of   Sukhum.      At   noon  1;   steamers  were  heading   northwest   in  the 
waters    off   Tuapse.      Photo  reconnaissance   at    O6J4.5   °*'    ^7   Sep.    located 

1  battleship,    5  cruisers,    5   submarines,    1    torpedo  boat,    7   tankers 
and  15   steamers   at  batum. 

Own   Situation: 

PT  boats    operating  during  the  night    of   16  Sep.   north 
of   Sochi   found  no  trace    of   the   enemy.     Apparently    all   enemy 
trfffic   along   the   Caucasian   coast   moves    only  by  day   on   account 
of  the   attacks  by   our   PT     boats   at   night. 

2  naval  barges    in  tow  between  Yalta   and  Feodosiya  were      unsuccessfully 
attacked  by  enemy  planes    on   16   Sep.      During   an   enemy  air   raid 

on  Kerch,    one   motor  mine   sweeper   was    severely   damaged.      2  motor 
mine    sweepers    and    1  naval  barge   suffered  minor  damages.      The 
net  barrage   at   Feodosiya  was   completed.     Yalta'a  anti-aircraft 
defenses  were   reinforced  with   six  2  cm  machine  guns.     Unfortunately, 
heavy  anti-aircraft    artillery  is    not   available. 

Submarine   chase,    mine -sweeping   and  convoy   operations  proceeded 
according   to  plan. 


VIII. Situation  East   Asia 

According  to  a  Tokyo  report,  Japanese  submarines  and  warships 
sank  72,000  GRT  during  August,  bringing  the  total  since  the  begin- 
ning  of   the  war    to  27I   ships  with   1,715,000  GRT. 

The  U.S.   Navy  Department  belatedly  announced   the    less    of  aircraft^ 
carrier  Y0RKT0WN  during   the  battle   of   Midway  Island  on  6   Jul. 

Japanese    operations    on  Guadalcanal  developed  into  a   large-scale 
offensive. 

The  U.S.   Pacific   fleet   reports   that   at  least  2  Japanese   ships   were 
sunk  and  5  planes   shot   down  during   an  air  raid  on  Kiska.     Fires 
and  explosions  were  caused  among   the  harbor   installations   and 
oil   storage   tanks. 

In  connection  with  the    sinking   of   the  Italian  hospital   ship  ARNO, 
the    Japanese   state    that    the   Japanese  hospital   ship  KHARBIN  MARU 
was   attacked  by  enemy  submarines    as    early  as    10   Jan.    and  hospital 
ship  ASAMA  MAEU   on  26   Mar.   by  enemy  planes. 


-205- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
17  Sep.    19U2 

IX.     Army  Situation 

1.  Russian  Front; 

Army  Group  A; 

The  Staff  of  this  Army  Group  has  been  transferred  to 
Vor  oshilovsk.  The  commander  of  the  Group,  Field  Marshal  List, 
has  been  relieved. 

An  enemy  landing  attempt  southwest  of  Novorossisk  during  the 
night  was  repulsed.   Enemy  attacks  continued  at  all  sectors  of 
the  Caucasian  front. 

Army  Group  B; 

In  the  battle  for  Stalingrad  we  succeeded  in  capturing 
additional  sectors  of  the  devastated  city.  The  2uth  Panzer 
Division  and  the  71s*  Infantry  Division,  attacking  from  the 
south  and  north  respectively,  established  contact  with  each  other. 

Strong  enemy  tank  formations  attacked  the  former  penetration 
point  at  the  southeastern  outskirts  of  Voronezh.   Counterattacks 
are  In  progress.  Also  north  of  Voronezh  we  repulsed  an  enemy 
tank  attack. 

Central  Army  Group; 

The  expected  enemy  offensive  south  of  Novosil  began 
in  the  morning  hours  and  was  halted  at  all  sectors.  The  battle 
will  certainly  be  renewed.  The  enemy  resumed  his  attacks  also 
in  the  Rzhev  area. 

Northern  Army  Group; 

Strong  Russian  forces  attempted  to  force  a  concentric 
breakthrough  a-t  the  northern  sector  of  the  Demyansk  front.   This 
and  other  attacks  northwest  of  Lyuban  and  at  either  side  of  the 
plateau  were  repulsed.   South  of  Lake  Ladoga  the  enemy  succeeded 
in  breaking  through  the  line  of  our  light  Infantry  division; 
the  penetratl-on  was  sealed  off  and  measures  were  taken  to  restore 
the  situation. 

2.  Finnish  Front ; 

According  to  statements  obtained  from  war  prisoners, 
an  oil  pipe  line  runs  from  Kobona  northward  to  the  lighthouse 
in  the  Chernoye  area,  hence  across  Lake  Ladoga  westward  to 
Irinovka  and  overland  to  Leningrad. 

Strong  enemy  forces  attacked  at  Maselskaya.   The  annihilation  of 
enemy  units  which  succeeded  In  penetrating  our  lines  is  in  pro- 
gress. Deserters  predict  a  general  offensive  on  the  entire 
northeastern  front  for  20  Sep.  Enemy  forces  which  attacked 
southern  wing  of  the  Litsa  sector  were  almost  completely  destroyed 
by  a  successful  flanking  maneuver. 

5.   North  Africa; 

The  day  passed  quietly  at  the  El  Alamein  front. 


B-1052 
-2O6- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
17  Sep.  I942 

Gialo  oasis  is  under  attaak  of  strong  enemy  forces.   Due  to 
the  weakness  of  the  Italian  garrison  its  captrre  by  the  enemy 
must  be  expected.  For  details  see  daily  situation  report. 


~) 


" 


B-1052 
-207- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
18  Sep.  1942 

Items  of  Political  Importance 
Madagascar: 

According  to  official  French  reports,  opposition  will  continue  since 
the  negotiations  of  the  Governor  of  Madagascar  with  the  attackers 
have  failed. 

Middle  East: 

According  to  Reuter,  the  transfer  of  the  entire  Polish  Army  from 
Russia  to  the  operations  zone  of  the  Middle  Ea6t  has  been  completed. 

Brazil: 

President  Vargas  ordered  general  mobilization  on  16  aep. 

Japan: 

The  chief  of  the  Ofiice  of  Information,  Mr.  Tani,  was  made  Foreign 
Minister.   In  his  first  radio  address  the  new  minister  stated  tnat 
the  war  will  be  long  and  drawn-out  in  spite  of  the  brilliarit  suc- 
cesses of  the  Japanese  Armed  Forces. 

The  Japanese-directed  Chinese  press  protests  against  the  growing 
U.9.  influence  on  Chungking  and  demands  greater  cooperation  with 
Japan.  Diplomatic  "circles  conclude  from  Japanese  propaganda  and 
from  official  statements,  that  the  recent  military  operations  in 
China  did  not  produce  the  expected  results. 

U.S.A. : 

The  fact  that  a  U.S.  Red  Cross  ship  was  despatched  to  France  is 
taken  as  an  indication  that  the  U.S.  does  not  intend  to  alter  her 
relations  with  Vichy. 


Conference  on  tne  Situation  with  the  Chief  of  Staff.  Naval  Staff 

The   Chiefs  Naval  Construction  Division  reports  that  the 
SCHaRNHORST  will  not  be  reaay  for  operations  as  early  as  expected 
since  her  propeller  was  damaged  through  contact  with  a  buoy  mooring 
chain. 

The  only  war  transport  vessel  to  be  built  in  Germany  was  built  at 
the  Deutsche  'Verft  and  was  completed  within  90  days.   Italian 
shipyards  should  strive  to  equal  this  achievement.   As  reported 
by  the  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division,  the  ship  will  be 
engaged  in  enuttle  service  between  Kirkenes  and  Petsarao. 

Otherwise  no  reports  nor  decisions  of  importance. 


B-1052 

-208- 


~> 


D 


CONFIDENTIAL 
18  Sec    1942 

Special  Items: 

I.  The  Naval  Staff  maices  tne  following  decision  regarding  dis- 
position of  tne  lignt  naval  forces: 

According  to  prevailing  orders  ant  plans,  tne  following  forces  are 
available: 

a)  To  Naval  Group  North:   All  destroyers  which  are  reaay  for 
action,  and  the  2nd  Torpedo  Boat  Flotilla  (iJ  torpedo  boats  are 
engaged  in  open  water  firing  at  Trondneim,  all  others  are  assigned 
to  the  Torpedo  School  in  so  far  as  needed) . 

b)  To  Naval  Group  West:   Tne  3rd  and  5tn  Torpedo  Boat  Flotillas. 
For  tne  time  being  it  is  not  possible  to  assign  fleet  torpedo  boats 
or  vessels  of  tne  3rd  Torpedo  Boat  Flotilla  to  Group  Nortn. 

For  corresponding  directive  to  Group  North  witn  copies  to  Group  West, 
the  Fleet  Command,  tne  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean,  and  tne  Comma.nding 
Admiral,  Cruisers,  see  Telegram  1717. 

II.  See  Telegram  1300  for  executive  order  of  tne  Commander, 
Destroyers  instructing  torpedo  boat  T  "22",  tne  FALKE,  and  the 
JAGUAR  to  escort  snip  "45"  in  tne  west  area  in  accordance  with  orders 
of  Naval  Staff.  *  (See  War  Diary  17  Sep.) 

III.  The  Armed  Forces  Intelligence  Division  transmitted  the  personal 
views  or  a  reliable  agent  wno  asserts  that  tne  withdrawal  of  our 
battlesnios  from  tne  Atlantic  coast  nas  afforded  Britain  an  almost 
unbelievable  degree  of  relief.   This  very  interesting  report,  wnich 
on  tne  who.'.e  certainly  gives  a  correct  picture  of  tne  situation, 

is  contained  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  vol.  II  a  under  1/Skl  31  572/42 
geh. 

IV.  Anotner  intelligence  report  from  an  agent  who  nas  not  been 
tested  so  far  but  wno  appears  reliable,  deals  witn  Britisn  plans 

in  the  Middle  East.   It  asserts  tnat  Aucninleck's  successor  as  com- 
manier  of  tne  8tn  (Egyptian)  Army,  General  Alexander,  nas  drawn  up 
a  plan  for  establisning  a  second  front  in  tne  Middle  East  with  all 
available  means.   Churchill  is  paid  to  nave  taken  this  plan  to 
Moscow.   The  attempt  of  tne  strong  convoy  to  force  passage  tnrougn 
tne  Mediterranean  was  already  in  line  witn  Alexander's  plans  and 
was  connected  with  tne  arrival  of  strong,  fresh  American  forces  at 
Basra  and  of  Britisn  units  at  Suez.   Tnese  forces  arrived  without 
heavy  armament  and  were  to  have  been  equipped  with  tne  materiel 
carried  by  tne  convoy  wnicn  was  destroyed  and  dispersed  in  the 
Mediterranean.   Tne  American  forces  landed  at  Basra  are  estimated 
at  30,000  men,  the  majority  of  whom  have  remained  as  occupation 
troops  in  Iraq,  wnere  nardly  any  Britisn  units  are  left;  the  rest 
is  destined  for  Iran, 

Alexander's  plan  is  said  to  be  aimed  in  the  first  place  at  mustering 
the  strongest  possible  force  to  oppose  Rommel;  in  tne  second  place, 
at  establisning  a  strong  position  in  the  Caucasus  with  tne  aid  of 
the  witndrawn  Russian  Caucasian  army,  a  reserve  army  located  in  the 
Tiflis  area,  as  well  as  fresn  Britisn  and  American  forces  and  Indian 
and  Iranian  auxiliary  troops.   In  this  way  a  German  breakthrough 
to  Iran  is  to  be  prevented,  and  strong  German  forces  are  to  be  tied 
up  in  the  Caucasuc  at  tne  same  time.   In  snort,  Alexander's  plans 
provide  for  a  very  heavy  concentration  of  Allied  forces  in  the  Near 
East,  facing  north  and  west. 


-209-  8~105  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 


18  Sen.    1942 


Politically,  the  plan  is  said  to  aim  at  ©reserving  the  alliance  with 
Turkey,  and  at  foiling  potential  German  plans  to  cause  Turkey  to 
abandon  her  present  neutrality  in  favor  of  Dro-Germar.  non-belligerency 
as  the  result  of  further  German  military  successes  close  to  Turkey. 
It  appears  altogether  possible  that  Turkish  participation  in  an  Allied 
Caucasus  front  is  the  ultimate  political  aim  of  the  nlan. 

In  connection  with  the  Anglo-American  plans  for  warfare  in  the  Near 
East  outlined  above,  it  should  be  remembered  that  nothing  would  suit 
Turkey  better  than  a  strong  concentration  of  Anglo-American  forces 
In  the  Near  East;  Turkey  fears  nothing  more  than  a  Rommel  victory  in 
Egypt,  which  would  clcse  the  Suez  Car.al,  jeopardize  Turkey's  imports 
and,  most  of  all,  would  throw  Turkey1 6  foreign  policy  out  of  balance. 

The  report  deserves  earnest  consideration  and  is  very 
plausible. 


Situation  18  Seo.  1942 

I.   War  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Cwn  3ituation: 

The  Naval  Staff  informs  ship  "28"  and  the  UCXER.YARK  that 
the  latter  should  head  for  point  "Wagner"  every  day  after  24  Sen.  for 
a  rendezvous  with  ship  "10";  after  completing  her  supply  mission,  the 
UCKERILARK  is  to  proceed  to  point  "Schumann"  for  a  rendezvous  with 
ship  "23". 

Ship  "10"  is  advised  by  Radiogram  0513  of  the  sailing  instructions 
for  the  voyage  to  Balik  Faoan  as  wired  by  the  ?Iaval  Attache  at  Tokyo. 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  requests  a  suitable  cover  r.a-e  for  the 
RA213ES  and  in  reply  to  an  inquiry  of  the  "aval  Staff  elves  a  report 
on  the  captain  of  the  D0GGER3A:^C,  Schneiderrina.   See  feleerams  1138 
and  1501. 

By  Telegram  1810,  the  Attache  further  reports  that  the  RE:-E::S3"JRG 
has  been  advised  to  take  aboard  German  repatriates  at  Batavia  and 
requests  suppression  of  any  publicity  regarding  their  experiences, 
because  such  publicity  might  jeopardize  the  repatriation  of  more 
German  nationals  from  these  areas. 

Enemy  situation  report  to  all  shiDS  in  foreign  waters  by  Radiogram 
2026. 


-210-  B*1052 


: 


: 


CONFIDENTIAL 
18  Sep.  1942 

;il.   Situation  West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  over  the  Channel  revealed  nothing  of 
interest. 

2.  Own  Situation; 

Atlantic  Coast: 

Mine-exploding  vessels  swept  2  mines  off  the  Gironde  mouth. 
The  shipping  lane  from  Le  Verdon  to  Bordeaux  was  closed. 

Channel  Coast; 

Torpedo  operations  of  the  5th  PT  Boat  Flotilla  during  the 
night  of  17  Sep.  brought  no  results.   Tne  convoy  attacked  was  able 
to  dodge  most  of  the  torpedoes  on  account  of  their  phosphorescent 
tracks.   *'or  short  report  see  Telegram  1020.   Low-flying  planes 
attacked  battery  Ramin  at  1520;  one  attacker  was  shot  down.  A  motor 
launch  was  sunk  as  a  result  of  anotner  enemy  air  attaok  off  Ostend. 

Mine-laying  operation  "Elbe"  is  scheduled  for  tne  nignt  of  18  Sep. 

Group  West  reports  on  additional  mine-laying  projects  to  reinforce 
the  minefields  off  Fecamp  by  minefields  "Erail  Vn  (code  name  "Donau") 
and  "Erail  VI"  (code  name  "Mosel"). 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway.  Arotio  Ocean 

1.  North  Sea: 

1  ground  mine  was  swept  north  of  Borkura  by  a  mine-sweeping 
plane.   It  is  belatedly  reported  that  a  Danish  trawler  sank  on  27  Aug. 

60  miles  west  of  Blavandshuk  following  2  mine  explosions. 

Escort  and  patrol  operations  in  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral, 
Defenses,  North  proceeded  according  to  plan. 

2,  Norway; 

According  to  the  captain  of  steamer  ROBERT  BORNHOFEN, 
who  was  questioned  at  Tromnoe,  it  in  hignly  probable  tnat  a  torpedo 
was  responsible  for  the  ship's  loss.   It  is  not  believed  that  a 
mine  or  sabotage  were  responsible. 

On  17  Sep.  a  floating  crane  with  armored  cupola  capsized  at  Haugesund 
while  in  tow  and  sank  in  shallow  water. 

Enemy  air  activity  was  reported  over  the  Arctio  coast  on  15  Sep.  and 
over  the  west  coast  on  17  Sep. 

Convoy  service  in  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  pro- 
ceeded according  to  plan  without  interference. 


-211- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
18  Sep.  1942 

Between  Lister  and  Feiestein  ar.ti-f  ubmarine  barrages  will  be  laid 
upon  receipt  of  the  code  word  "Riegel". 

In  consideration  of  tne  required  combat  training,  Group  North 
suggests  tne  November  new  moon  period  for  tne  transfer  of  tne 
SCHARHHORST.  At  the  same  time  5  destroyers  will  be  ready  for  trans- 
fer from  Germany.   (GALSTER,  RIEDEL,  STHNBRINCK,  IHN,  and  JACC3I.) 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  com~.er.ted  on  16  Sep.  on  tne  over- 
crowded conditions  in  the  harbor  of  Kirkenes;  he  referred  in  this 
connection  to  tne  Puebrer's  directive  to  tne  Snipping  and  Transport 
Brancn  of  tne  Naval  Stair  Quartermaster  Division,  which  was  trans- 
mitted orally,  on  tne  basis  of  wnicn  tne  naval  of I  ices  had  stooped 
larger  steamers  from  proceeding  to  Petsamo.   The  Naval  Staff  con- 
firms tne  view  of  tne  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  tnat  the  quoted  , 
Fuehrer  directive  applied  exclusively  to  the  period  of  tne  arctic 
summer  nignts.  Cnce  darkness  sets  in,  tnere  is  no  reason  wny  large 
steamers  snould  not  call  at  Petsamo.   In  view  of  overcrowded  con- 
ditions at  Kirkenes  and  considering  the  delay  caused  by  overland 
transports,  attempts  snould  be  made  to  6end  also  convoys  of  large 
vessels  directly  to  Petsamo.   Tne  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway  is 
asked  to  investigate  now  tne  situation  mignt  be  relieved  and  to 
report  nis  findings.   (See  Telegram  1634.) 

3.   Arctic  Ocean; 

a.  Operation  against  Pa  18: 

Tne  Air  Force  reported  convoy  PC;  18  at  tne  White 
Sea  entrance  at  1000.   Tne  5th  Air  Force  reported  sinking  6 
merchant  vessels  aggregating  46,000  GRT  and  1  escort  vessel; 
procably  6unk  were  a   mercnant  ships  totalling  15,000  GRT.   5 
merchant  snips  and  1  destroyer  were  damaged.  Prior  to  tne  attacks 
the  oonvoy  consisted  of  between  49  and  53  ships;  following  the 
attacks  there  re-air^ed  40  to  43  ships  including  escort  and  patrol 
vessels,  about  whicn  detailed  information  could  not  be  obtained 
due  to  bad  weather. 

b.  Operation  against  convoy  CJ*  14: 

Air  reconnaissance  reports  convoy  ^P  14  in  quadrant 
AB  1535  at  1057.   Submarine  U  M405"  assumed  the  convoy  was  in 
quadrant  AC  5030,  proceeding  on  a  course  of  280°  at  2037.  Ac- 
cording to  air  reconnaissance  reports,  convoy  ^P  14  is  neavily 
protected  by  an  aircraft  carrier  ani  by  escort  vepsels;  tnis 
convoy  is  escorted  as  neavily  proportionately  as  PC.  18.   The 
Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  therefore  considers  the  prospects  for  suc- 
cessful suo.marine  operations  poor  and  orders  tae  submarines  to 
leave  tne  patrol  line  between  AC  3171  and  AC  2444  at  maximum 
cruising  speed,  pointing  out  tnat  tne  submarines  snould  aim  primarily 
at  maintaining  contact  with  the  convoy  in  order  to  assist  tne  Air 
Force,  and  at  sinking  damaged  snips,  since  QP  14  is  less  valuable 
tnan  PC.  18. 

Since  all  submarines  nave  been  engaged  against 
C^P  14  since  17  Sep.  the  Naval  Staff  questions  tne 
advisability  of  tnese  instructions. 


_212-  B-1052 


- 


: 


CONFIDENTIAL 
18  Sep.  1942 

Submarine  U  "405"  ie  ordered  to  return  to  base  on  account  of  damages 
sustained  through  depth  charges. 

c.  Group  North  suggests  withholding  publication  of  the 
results  achieved  against  PQ  18,  because  the  reports  on  hand  by 
evening  of  17  Sep.  indicate  that,  inclusive  of  5  sinkings  by  sub- 
marines, a  total  of  only  15  merchant  vessels  is  missing  from  the 
convoy  due  to  damage  or  sinking.   The  Group  recommends  postponing 

an  announcement  until  the  operations  against  $P  14  are  concluded  too. 

d.  Mine-laying  mission  of  submarine  U  "117": 

Group  North  submits  the  directive  for  the  execution 
of  the  mine-laying  mission  off  Iceland  by  submarine  U  "117",  in 
accordance  with  the  Naval  Staff's  decision  (see  War  Diary  16  Sep.). 
The  submarine  will  sail  from  Kiel  on  19  Sep.  and  proceed  from 
Kristiansand  South  to  quadrant  AE  5300  to  carry  out  her  task.  She 
will  then  return  to  Bergen  and  await  further  instructions. 

Group  North  anticipates  particularly  good  results  if  submarine 
U  "117",  after  completing  her  Iceland  mission,  would,  shortly  before 
P^  19  gets  under  way,  lay  her  entire  supply  of  mines  (with  timing 
device  set  for  a  brief  period)  over  a  wide  area  where  it  would  not 
interfere  with  submarine  attacks;  this  would  be  within  a  radius  of 
100  miles  of  the  White  Sea  entrance  or  Kola  Bay.   "The  chances  of 
success  are  all  the  greater,  as  this  would  constitute  the  first  in- 
stance of  a  purely  tactical  minefield."   It  will  be  possible  to  lay 
the  mines  if  they  are  laid  just  within  sight  of  remote  escorts  and 
are  adjusted  to  become  active  after  30  minutes  at  the  latest.   The 
GrouD  therefore  proposes  that  submarine  U  "117"  or  a  boat  of  the 
same  type  be  assigned  to  this  operation,  because  the  exoeriences 
had  with  PQ  18  have  shown  that  it  is  necessary  to  find  new  ways  of 
combatting  convoys. 

Group  North  reports  that  the  area  between  66°  N  and  64°  30'  N  and 
west  of  11°  30'  W  is  closed  to  shipping  as  of  35  Sep.  because  of  the 
mine-laying  operation  to  be  carried  out  in  the  Iceland  area.   Only 
naval  forces  which  will  be  in  the  Iceland  area  are  to  be  notified 
of  this  fact.   It  is  not  to  be  entered  into  the  charts  of  naval 
forces.   (See  Telegram  1511.) 


IV.   Skagerrak.  Baltic  Sea  Entrances.  Baltic  Sea 

Nothing  of  importance  to  reoort  from  the  area  of  the  Commanding 
Admiral,  Defenses,  Baltic  Sea. 

Continuous  bad  weather  interfered  with  patrol  and  mine-sweeping 
operations  in  the  Gulf  of  Finland. 

With  reference  to  the  proposal  of  the  Naval  Liaison  Staff,  Finland, 
Group  North  requests  permission  to  have  the  coastal  mine  vessels 
and  Italian  subchasers  returned  to  the  Gulf  of  Finland  before  the 
Saima  Canal  and  Lake  Ladoga  freeze;  they  should  operate  in  the 
Gulf  of  Finland  as  long  as  the  ice  situation  permits.   It  is  sug- 
gested that  the  ships  remain  at  Reval  for  the  winter.   (See  Telegram 
1155.) 


-213- 


8-1052 


C  OSTITES  TIAL 


18   Sep.    1942 


Group  Nortn  ordered  that  the  Gulf  of  Bothnia  be  reopened  to  shipping 
at  once  and  tnat  shipping  be  directed  to  proceed  either  In  Swedish 
or  Finnish  territorial  waters  (see  Telegraa  ?335) ;  this  order  causes 
the  Naval  Staff  to  point  out,  with  reference  to  the  directive  of 
17  Sep.,  tnat  tne  instructions  to  remain  within  territorial  waters 
or  within  tne  Finnish  inter-island  routes  greatly  complicate  ore 
shipping,  and  tnat  this  order  must  be  cancelled  immediately.   (See 
War  Diary  17  Sep. ) 


V.    Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

Lively  reoonnaissance  activity  in  the  rendezvous  area  and 
in  the  Bay  of  Biscay.   At  1430  a  submarine  was  attacked  by  aircraft 
south  of  tne  Faeroe  Islands.  'd   submarine  warning  signals  were 
intercepted  in  tne  Bay  of  Biscay. 

In  tne  afternoon  a  convoy  sailed  from  Gibraltar  in  a  westerly 
direction.   On  12  Sep.  a*convoy  of  24  steamers  with  troops  on  board 
left  New  York  for  tne  Eritisn  Isles  under  heavy  escort. 

A  message  about  a  submarine  attack  iras  intercepted  from  the  area 
east  of  the  Orinoco  River  mouth  and  3  submarine  warning  signals  fro-, 
the  U.S.  eaBt  coast  and  off  Trinidad. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

For  operation  against  convoys  P^  18  and  ^P  14  see  Own 
Situation,  Arctio  Ocean. 

Submarine  U  "620",  U  "253"  and  U  "610",  en  route  from  the  North  Sea, 
are  assigned  to  quadrants  AL  32,  34  and  35  resoectively  where  they 
are  to  intercept  the  escort  forces  returning  from  convoy  duty  In  the 
Arctic  Ocean. 

An  enemy  submarine  was  observed  beyond  any  doubt  in  quadrant  BE  9895, 

Since  1750  several  submarines  of  Group  "Loss"'  established  contact 
with  a  convoy  proceeding  on  a  northeasterly  course  in  quadrant 
AJ  9187;  the  operation  is  still  In  progress. 

Nothing  to  report  about  Groups  "Vorwaerts"  and  "Pfeil". 

From  the  St.  Lawrence  River  submarine  0  "517"  reports  sinking  a 
British  auxiliary  warship  of  3,500  tons  in  quadrant  BA  3911  on 
11  8ep.  and  a  5,000  GRT  steamer  out  of  a  large  convoy  in  quadrant 
BB  1763  on  15  Sep.   Several  submarines  observed  convoy  traffio 
running  on  a  regular  schedule  on  the  St.  Lawrence  River  and 
recommend  simultaneous  operations  of  a  number  of  submarines. 

Submarines  operating  in  the  West  Indies  had  no  successes  to  report. 

Neither  were  reports  of  importance  received  from  the  South  Atlantic 
(Groups  "Eisbaer"  and  "litis")  or  the  Mediterranean. 


-214-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
18  Sep.  1942 

The  rescue  action  for  survivors  of  the  LACONIA  can  be  considered 
terminated.   All  survivors  Dieked  up  by  submarines  U  "506"  and 
U  "507"  have  been  transferred  to  the  dispatcn  vessel  ANNAMITE.   As 
reported  by  tne  German  Armistice  Commission,  the  GLOIRE  has  taken 
aboard  from  12  lifeboats  survivors  which  were  picked  up  upon  in- 
formation supplied  by  the  German  submarines.   The  French  vessels  are 
continuing  the  searcn  an  I  request  to  be  advised  about  any  reoorts 
received  from  German  submarines. 

For  additional  reports  see  supplement  to  submarine  situation  in  War 
Diary,  Part  B,  Vol.  IV. 

Special  Item; 

Group  North  assumes  from  a  report  of  the  Mining  and  Barrage  In- 
spectorate that  mine-laying  submarines  can  be  supplied  with  SUA 
mines  only  at  Peyse,  so  that  SLLA  operations  cannot  be  carried  out 
from  Norway  or  from  Atlantic  ports.   (See  Telegram  2347.) 

An  explanation  of  the  Mining  and  Barrage  Inspectorate  must  be 
awaited. 


VI.   Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity: 

During  reconnaissance  flights  and  attacks  on  ships  off 
Dartmouth  a  1,500  GRT  steamer  was  sunk  and  other  ships  damaged. 

2.  Incursions: 

During  the  afternoon  tne  enemy  raided  Belgium  and  northern 
France.   80  of  the  140  reported  enemy  planes  penetrated  into  German 
territory  during  the  nignt  of  18  Sep.  A  large-scale  mine-laying 
operation  was  evidently  carried  out  in  the  ^eser  River  mouth,  the 
Baltic  Sea  entrances  and  in  tne  Baltic  Sea  area  from  Fehmarn  Island 
to  Pillau. 

3.  Mediterranean  Theater: 

German  air  forces  flew  a  total  of  228  sorties.   Gialo 
oasis  was  attacked  by  w5  enemy  planes. 

4.  Eastern   Front: 

97  enemy  planes  were  snot  down  at  tne  various  Army  fronts. 

A  survey  of  the  number  of  German  and  enemy  missions  flown  during 
the  period  of  5  to  12  Sep.  indicates  the  relative  strength  of 
the  opposing  air  forces: 


-215- 


B-105? 


CONFIDENTIAL 


15  Sep.  1942 


1st  Air  Force:  2,996  sorties   2,125  enemy  sorties 

4tn  Air  Force:  7,507  sorties   2,834  enemy  sorties 

Tne  Air  Force  Commands, 

East  ani  Don  River:       4.665  sorties   5.585  enemy  sorties 

Total    15.168  10.545 

Reconnaissance  activity  over  tne  Black  Sea  and  Caspian  Sea. 

In  tne  Arctic  Ccean  2  motor  launches  in  Litovska  Bay  were  da-caged, 

Regarding  operations  against  convoys  P^  18  and  ^P  14  see  Own 
Situation,  Arctic  Ocean. 


VII.  Warfare  in  tne  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1.  Enemy  Situation,  "editerranean: 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation,  -editerranean: 

Enemy  air  raids  on  Tobruk  during  the  nignts  of  15  and 
17  Sep.  caused  little  damage  in  tne  narbor. 

At  noon  on  17  Sep.  a  coastal  steamer  and  an  auxiliary  sailing 
vessel  were  attacked  unsuccessfully  by  a  submarine  witn  torpedoes 
and  gunfire  off  Jape  liisurata. 

The  German  naval  2ora-:ana.,  Italy  a-oroves  of  tne  plan  of  tne  Com- 
mander, 6th  Motor  Mine  Sweeper  Flotilla  to  use  captured  Britisn 
PT  boats.   The  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division  agrees. 

An  Italian  description  of  tne  enemy  attack  on  Tobruk  during  the 
nignt  of  13  Sep.  is  contained  in  the  a-rpendix  to  Foreign  Press 
Report  No.  219  of  tne  Naval  Intelligence  Division. 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa: 

Steamer  CaRBONIA  (1,237  GRT)  was  sunk,  probably  by  air 
attack,  on  17  Sep.  in  tne  Gulf  of  Hammamet  wnile  proceeding  from 
Naples  to  Tripoli.   560  tons  of  German  supplies  and  4  guns  were 
lost. 

During  tne  ni?nt  of  17  Sen.  enemy  planes  attackei  tne  steamers 
NERUCCI  and  FOUGIER  between  Suda  and  Tobruk.   (See  Tar  Diary 
17  Sep.)   wo  details  nave  been  reported  as  yet. 

1  Italian  transport  submarine  nas  been  unier  way  since  17  Sep. 
from  Tripoli  to  Taranto  and  another  one  from  Benghazi  to  Taranto. 

8upply  transport  from  Greece  to  North  Africa  and  coastal  supply 
traffic  proceeded  according  to  plan. 


-216- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
18  Sep.  1942 

4.   Area  Naval  Group  South; 

Aegean  Sea; 

Nothing  to  report.   Convoy  and  transport  service  on 
sohedule. 

Black  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation; 

Air  reconnaissance  spotted  a  convoy  consisting  of  2  small 
tankers  on  a  west-northwesterly  course  south  of  Sukhum. 

Own  Situation; 

Since  enemy  shipping  along  the  Caucasian  coast  is  evidently 
proceeding  in  daytime  only,  our  PT  boats  and  tne  Italian  subchasers 
operate  only  if  warranted  reconnaissance  reports. 

2   more  motor  mine  sweepers  were  damaged  during  tne  air  raid  on 
Keren  of  IV  Sep.   Anotner  air  attack  took  place  in  tne  evening  of 
17  Sep.   4  of  tne  10  bomos  dropped  fell  in  the  harbor. 

In  connection  with  operation  "Bluecner"  a  total  of  30,605  men, 
13,;d54  norseB,  ana  6,^65  venicles  were  ferried  up  to  16  Sep. 

Convoy  service  proceeded  uneventfully.   Transport  vehicles  for 
carrying  Italian  subenasers  overland  to  tne  Casoian  Sea  are  ex- 
pected to  arrive  at  Mariupol  on  30  Sep. 


VIII.  Situation  East  Asia 

The  Japanese  Navy  informed  the  German  Admiral  at  Tokyo  that  a 
large  U.S.  aircraft  carrier  was  hit  by  4  torpedoes  from  a  suomarine 
200  miles  southeast  of  Guadalcanal  on  lb  Sep.,  and  sank  2  hours 
later  according  to  allegedly  uncontestaole  eye  witness  accounts. 

Japanese  forces  are  slowly  gaining  ground  in  bitter  fignting  on 
Guadalcanal.  Tne  airfield  is  still  in  enemy  nands.   Enemy  reports 
of  Japanese  ships  sunk  are  denied.  Japanese  ships  suffered  only 
minor  damage. 

An  intelligence  report  from  Cnina,  dated  4  Sep.,  states  that  tne 
rumors*"  about  an  ofrensive  against  Russia  nave  died  down.   Feverish 
activity  reigns  in  military  circles.  Continuous  troop  movements 
are  explained  as  operations  to  relieve  personnel. 

The  U.S.  Navy  Department  announced  tnat  4  enemy  mercnant  vessels 
were  newly  sunk  and  4  otners  damaged  Dy  U.S.  submarines  in  Far 
Eastern  waters.   Tne  total  of  Japanese  ships  sunk  or  damaged 
(probably  warships  and  merchant  vessels)  by  U.S.  naval  and  air 
forces  is  given  as  272  as  against  53  U.S.  ships. 


_217-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
18  Sep.  1942 

IX.   Army  Situation 

1.  Russian  Front: 

Army  Group  A; 

At  the  Terek  sector  ea6t  of  Maisky  the  13th  Panzer 
Division  succeeded  in  capturing  strongly-fortif  ived  enemy  positions 
against  stubborn  defense. 

Army  Group  B: 

At  Stalingrad  the  94th  Infantry  Division  reached  the 
Volga  bank  on  a  narrov  front  after  bitter  house-to-house  fighting 
south  of  tne  Tsaritsa  River.   Nortn  of  the  river,  the  71st  Infantry 
Division  mopped  up  the  western  part  of  the  town  as  far  as  the  rail- 
road. 

Strong  enemy  tank  forces  broke  tnrough  tne  strip  of  land  along  the 
railroad  souih  of  Kotluban  with  3  regiments  and  advanced  as  far  as 
Borodkin.   The  situation  was  restored  by  a  counterattack. 

Following  preparations  by  an  artillery  barrage,  several  enemy 
divisions  launched  a  strong  concentric,  bomber-supported  attack  at 
Voronezh  from  the  south,  east,  and  north,  wnich  was  repulsed  by 
drawing  on  all  available  reserves.  Heavy  fighting  is  still  in 
progress  at  the  eastern  end  of  the  town. 

Central  Army  Group: 

Enemy  attacks  at  Novosil  and  Sychevka,  too,  were  repulsed. 
North  of  Smolensk  our  forces  advanced  in  a  westerly  direction  and 
captured  a  .number  of  villages. 

Northern  Army  Group; 

The  enemy  attacked  unsuccessfully  at  the  Demyansk  sector 
and  north  of  the  strip  of  land  leading  to  the  II  Army  Corps.   Fight- 
ing south  of  Lake  Ladoga  is  still  in  progress.  An  attempt  of  2 
barges  to  land  on  tne  eastern  bank  of  the  Neva  was  frustrated, 

2.  Finnish  Front: 

Fighting  is  still  going  on  south  of  Seg  Lake. 

3.  North  Africa: 

Gialo  oasis  is  still  holding  out.  Motorized  enemy  forces 
south  of  the  oasis  were  attacked  by  German  and  Italian  planes. 


-218-  B-1052 


COireiSEKTIAL 
19   Sep.    19^2     ' 

Items    of   Political  Importance 

Great  Britain; 

London  and  Washington  are   tensely  watching   the  final  phase   of    the 
battle  for  Stalingrad.     It   is   feared   that   the  fall   of  the   city 
might  be  the  signal  for  a   Japanese   attack   on   Russia,    just  as   the 
fall   of   Paris  was   the   signal  for  Italy*s   entry  into  the   war. 

Argentina; 

The  Transocean  News  Agency  reports  that  the  committee  investigating 
anti -Argentine  activities  resolved  on  17  Sep.  to  reco-mnend  that 
the  Chamber  announce  it  would  like  the  Government  to  declare  the 
German  Naval  Attache,  Captain  Niebuhr  persona  non  grata.  In 
addition,  the  finding3  concerning  the  escaped  crew  members  of 
the  GRAF  SPEE  are  to  be  turned  over  to  the  courts. 

Russia: 

On  17  Sep.  Willkie  arrived  at  Kuibyshev  from  Teheran. 

Croatia: 

Foreign  reports  assert  that  heavy  fighting  has  broken  out  in 
western  Bosnia  between  Croatian  regular  forces  and  rebel  partisans 
of  General  Mikhailovich. 


Special  Items: 

I.  On  9  and'  10  Sep.  the  Chief,  Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff 
visited  the  Army  General  Staff,  the  Air  Force  General  Staff  and 
the  Operations  Staff  of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command. 

For  transcriptions  of  his  conferences  see  l/Skl  I8L1.3/I4.2  Gkdos. 
Chefs.  Copy  No.  2  in  War  Diary,  Parte,  files  "Basic  Problems 
of  Warfare "• 

II.  Evaluation  of  materiel  captured  with  motor  gunboat  "335"  on 
"                                  11  Sep.  in  the  Channel  by  the  2nd  PT  Boat  Flotilla,  as  submitted 

by  the  Chief,  Communications  Division,  Naval  Staff  1 

(a)  1  Syko  machine  (known  before). 

(b)  Cypher  tables  of  the  Loxo,  Syko,  and  Nyko  systems  valid 
for  September.   These  tables  are  very  valuable  for  deciphering, 
especially  for  the  Syko  system. 

(c)  Instructions  for  the  British  radio  system  (home  territory) 
provide  new  information;  for  instance  cover  names  used  for  convoy?. 

(d)  International  call  letters  of  merchant  vessels. 

(e)  Signal  code  no.  2  for  auxiliary  vessels,  which  was 
previously  unknown. 

.(f)   3  charts  for  the  Hoof  den  area  containing  valuable  in- 
formation on  minefields. 


-219- 


B-105  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 
1Q   Sep.    19U2 

(g)      7   pieces    of  radio  equipment. 

(h)      1  ca£e    containing  star   signal   shells. 

III.  The  i*aval  Staff    Quartermaster  division  is   requested   to   invest- 
igate  the   possibility   of  converting   naval  barges   for   the  transport 
of   fuel.     These   are  needed  for: 

(a)  The   transport   of   fuel  for  the   Army  and  the   Air  Force 
(to  be   unloaded  at   open  coasts  and  in  harbors). 

(b)  The  delivery  of  fuel  to  submarines   at    sea  (advanced  sub- 
marine bases,   for  instance   in  the   Norwegian   island  waters) > 

IV.  For  the  directive   of  the  Naval  Ordnance  Division,   War  Economy 
Branch  of    19   Sep.   regarding  delivery   of  materiel  to  our  allies        , 
in   order   to  maintain  their  fighting  power   see   l/skl  3187O/I4.2  geh. 
in  War  Diary,    Part  B,   Vol.   V. 

V.  Data  furnished  by  the  Naval  Staff,   Intelligence  Division 
about  the    enemy  situation  in  Russia  contain  information   on  the 
following  1 

(a)  The   use   of  Allied  forces   in  the    Russian  area. 

(b)  The  creation   of   ruard  units  within   the   Red  Army. 

(c)  Markings   of  warships. 

For   copy  of   information   see   l/Skl   3I9C2A2  geh.   in  War  Diary, 
file    "Barbarossa". 


Situation   19   Sep.    19I4.2 

I.       War  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.  Enemy  Situation; 

An  intelligence   report   contains   statements   dated  28  Aug. 
of   a  British  naval   officer,   according  to   which  large  numbers   of 
British,   Canadian,   and  U.S.   troops   are  to  be    shipped  to  the  Middle 
East,  Egypt,    and  the    Caucasus.     A  large   convoy,   said  to   consist 
of  approximately  70  steamers   lying   at   Scotch  harbors,    is  supposed 
to  sail   shortly  with   approximately  200,000  men   and  full  war   equip- 
ment;   it  will  be  escorted  by  2  large   aircraft   carriers,   2  battle- 
ships,   a   number   of  cruisers    and  destroyers,    and  numerous   PT  boats 
which  are   to  be  kept   supplied  by   a   tender   sailing   in   the   convoy. 
Additional  vessels   with  troops   and  war  material  from  the  U.S.A. 
will   join   this   convoy  at   Capetown. 

2.  Own   Situation: 

At   I7I7    ship   "10"   reported  by   short  signal:    "22  Sep., 
rendezvous   point    "Altmuehl";    25  Sep.,   have   reached  ordered  position" 

The  Naval   Staff   confirms    receipt   of  message  by  Radiogram  20U2. 

The  following  directive   is    transmitted  to  ship   "23"   and  UCKERMARK 


-220-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


19   Sep.    19J+2 


by  radiogram  I718: 

a*        Rendezvous   at  point    "Schumann"   is  planned  on   or    after 
28  Sep. 

b.  Out    of  the  supplies  for   ship   "10"   carried  by   the  UCKER- 
MARK,  all   of   the  provisions    and  the  entire   camouflage  material  may 
be  delivered  to   ship   "23",     All    other    supplies   must  be   retained  for 
delivery  to  ship   "10".      The  UCKERMARK  to  deliver  any  oil. 

c.  On  29  Aug.   ship   "28"   reported  by  short  signal:      "Fuel 
will  last   until  6  Dec."     According    to    the  Naval   Staff's  calculations 
her  fuel  supply  should  last  considerably  longer.      The  Naval  Staff 
assumes   that   the   ship's  endurance  does   not  go  beyond  6  Dec.   due   to 
lack  of  provisions,   water,    or  coal. 

d.  Following   the   rendezvous  with  UCKERMARK  another  report 
concerning  endurance  is   to  be  transmitted  when  convenient. 

e.  Subsequent   to  the  completion   of  her  supply  mission,    the 
UCKERMARK  is    to  proceed  to  Japan,    rounding   the   Cape   of  Good  Hope 
at   a  latitude  9°  south   of  point    "Amiens". 

The  following  directive   of   the  Naval   Staff  is   transmitted  to  the 
CHARLOTTE  SCHLIEMANN  by  Radiogram  O305: 

a.  The    order   to  call  at  Medan  is   cancelled.     Instead,    the 
ship  is   to  proceed  to  Singapore  by  way  of  Karimata  Strait.  Instruct- 
ions  regarding   rendezvous  with  Japanese  forces  will  f ollowo 

b.  50  war  prisoners  are  to  be  handed  over  at  Singapore 
and  JO  German   seamen  to  be  taken  aboard  and  brought   to  Japan. 
Prisoners  to  be  handed  over  should  be  those  unsuitable  for 
questioning. 

c.  As  much   oil  for   the   Japanese  Navy  as   possible   is   to  be 
taken    on  at  Singapore,  whereupon  the   ship  is   to  proceed  directly 
to  Japan.     It   is  likely  that   250  tons   of   Tarakan   oil  will  be 
received  for  German  test   purposes.     Instructions   regarding   this 
matter  will  come  from  the  Naval  Attache   at   Tokyo.     All  fuel 
problems   to  be   settled  directly  between   the  captain  and  the   Japanese 
naval  authority  at   Singapore. 

The  Naval  Attache   at  Tokyo  transmits   sailing   instructions  for  the 
CHARLOTTE  SCHLIEMANN 's   call   at  Singapore  by  Telegram  II4.36. 

All  ships  in  foreign  waters   are  informed  about  the  extension  of 
the  zone   of    submarine   operations   off  West  Africa  by  Radiogram  2257  • 

Information   about   the  meeting  between  Churchill  and  Stalin  at 
Moscow,   about  Mllkio's    trip   to   Ankara,   and  about    the   Madagascar 
situation  by  Radiogram  1223. 


II.      Situation  West   Area 


1.        Enemy  Situation: 

Between   11  and   13  Sep.  French  fisherman  180  miles 


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8-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
19  Sep.  1QJ+2 

west  of  Brest  were  ordered  by  British  destroyers  and  patrol  vessels 
to  proceed  and  put  into  Scilly  Islands  ports,   3  trawlers  obeyed 
the  order.  One  man  from  each  of  2  other  boats  were  taken  off  as 
hostages. 

According  to  a  press  report  from  La  Linea ,  the  British  seized  3 
Spanish  steamers  and  brought  thein  to  Gibraltar. 

Commenting  on  the  Dieppe  landing  operation,  the  Canadian  Defense 
Minister  asserted  that  a  chance  encounter  and  unforeseen  engage- 
ment with  an  escorted  German  tanker  were  to  blame  for  the  fact 
that  the  raid  did  not  come  as  a  complete  surprise  to  the  enemy. 
"This  engagement  is  responsible  for  the  heavy  losses  suffered  by 
the  Canadians,  which  amount  to  a  total  of  3,350  dead,  wounded 
and  missing". 

The  complete  text  is  contained  in  appendix  I  of  Foreign  Press 
Report  No.  220  of  the  Naval  Staff  Intelligence  Division. 

2#   Own  Situation: 

Atlantic   Coast; 

Due  to  the  presence  of  aerial  mines,  the  harbor  and  road- 
stead of  La  Pallice  were  closed.  A  dredge  sank  in  cayonne  harbor 
after  striking  a  mine. 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Madrid  pointed  out   that   it  would  be  better   if 
outgoing  blockade-runners  did  not   follow   the   Spanish  coast   line 
in   order   to  avoid  giving  the  British  an  excuse  for   protests   against 
the   use    of   Spanish  territorial  waters. 

The   Naval  Staff   informs   Group  West    of   the   above. 

Channel  Coast; 

Execution   of  mine-laying   operation  "Elbe"  was  postponed 
2I4.  hours. 

Special  Items  ; 

On  IJ4  Sep.   19^2  Group  West   submitted  a  brief  memorandum  to  the 
Commanding  General,   Armed  Forces,   West  and   the   J>r&  Air  Force, 
with  copies   to  the  Naval  Staff  and  other  authorities,   concerning 
the  possibilities  for    the   use   of  naval  forces   in  the  event   of 
enemy  landings • 

For  copy  see   l/Skl   1832/42  Gkdos.   Chefs.   In  War  Diary,   Part  C, 
Vol.  II  b. 

The  "ftaval  Staff  cannot  agree  with  Group  West's  memorandum  in  its 
present  form.     The  definitely  existing   possibilities  for  successful 
Intervention  by  naval  forces   in  repelling  enemy  landing   attempts- 
are  not  sufficiently  brought   out.     In   the  Naval  Staff's   opinion, 
Group  West's  memorandum  is   poorly  expressed,   In  that   it  emphasizes 
difficulties   in   the   use   of  naval  forces   and  does   not  mention   the 
natural  willingness   of  the  Navy  to  use  all  possible   resources   also 
in  the   event    of   an   invasion.      Thus,   authorities   other   than  naval, 
as   for   instance  the  Commanding  General,    Armed  Forces  West,    can 
easily  receive  an  erroneous   impression. 


B-1052 


-222- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


19   Sep.    19U2 


That   this   is    actually  the  case    is   evident  by  the   reaction   of    the 
Commanding  General,   Armed  forces,   West,  who  states   that  we   cannot 
do  completely  without   naval  forces   in  case   of   an   invasion,    lest 
the   enemy  have   undisputed  control  at   sea;   the   intercession   of   even 
the  weakest  naval  force,  even   though  remote   or   directed  against 
the   enemy's   supply  lines   only,   would  suffice   to  divert   some   of  hia 
forces.      Any  sort   of   interference   with   the   enemy's   plans   would  havfc 
some   effect.      The   Commanding  General,   Armed  Forces,   West   informs 
Group  West   of   this  viewpoint    and  refers   to  his   complete   agreement 
with  the   attitude   of  Group  North. 

The  Naval  Staff's   comment   is   transmitted  to  Group  West  by  Telegram 
1/Skl  I   op  I832/I4.2  Gkdos.   Chefs.     For  copy  of   directive  and 
communication   of  the   Commanding  General,   Armed  Forces,   West   to 
Group  West   see   1/Skl   \b^Z/l\Z  Gkdos.   in  War  Diary,   Part   C,   Vol.   lib. 


III.  North  Sea,   Norway,    Arctic    Ocean 

1.  North  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation; 

There  was  little  reconnaissance  activity  over  the 
central  North  Sea.  After  ll|20  a  few  planes  flew  over  the  Dutch 
and  East  Frisian  area,  after  I63O  also  over  the  German  bight  as 
far  as  Heligoland. 

Own  Situation; 

During  the  night  of  18  Sep.  enemy  planes  flew  over 
the  Dutch  coast  and  the  coastal  areas  of  the  German  Bight.  It 
was  observed  that  mines  were  dropped  at  Ameland,  and  probably  they 
were  also  dropped  at  other  East  and  West  Frisian  Islands.  In 
addition,  considerable  air  forces  crossed  Germany  for  mine-laying 
operations  in  the  Baltic  Sea. 

7  ground  mines  were  swept  on  the  convoy  route  between  Terschelling 
and  Borkum.  A  convoy  off  Schiermonnikoog  was  unsuccessfully 
attacked  with  bombs. 

MInesweeping  operations  were  affected  In  part  by  bad  weather. 
Convoy  service  suffered  delays. 

2.  Norway; 

A  Russian  battery    on   Rybachi    Peninsula  fired  a  few 
rounds   at   OH5  at  an  eastbound  convoy   and   at   Olj.25   shelled  Petsamo 
harbor.     Enemy  planes  were  active    over  the   arctic    coast    on   II4., 
17  and  18  Sep.     It   Is  probable   that  they  were   reconnoitering   the 
ship  anchorages   in   the  Bogen  Bay.      Cn   18  Sep.   enemy  planes  flew 
over   the  west    coast.      On  19   Sep.   6  guns    of  battery  Eltevik  went 
out  of  commission;    it  will   take   several   days   to  repair    them. 

Special  Items ; 

Since  experience  has   shown   that   the  Arctic   Ocean   is    the   area   In 
which  the   heavy  ships   can   operate  and  repel  enemy  landings   most  prp- 
fitably  the  Naval  Staff    considers   that  Alta  Fjord  is  the  most  favorable 


-225-  B"1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


19    Sep.    19i|2 


main  base  for  them  and  invites  the  comment  of  Group  North  and  the 
Fleet  Command.  For  copy  of  directive  to  this  effect  see  l/Skl 
I  op  I8J49/I4.2  Gkdos.  Chefs,  in  'war  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  II  a. 

3«   Arctic  Ocean; 

a.    Operation  against  PQ  18: 

Air  reconnaissance  sighted  convoy  P^  18  at  1530  at 
the  northeastern  entrance  of  Dvina  Bay.   It  is  expected  to  reach 
Archangel  around  2230.  Final  reports  about  the  number  of  ships  still 
In  the  convoy  have  not  yet  been  received,  or  have  not  yet  been 
evaluated. 

The  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  submits  a  short  report,  subject  to 
final  information  following  the  return  of  the  submarines,  and 
arrives  at  the  following  conclusions: 

Decisive  results  against  convoys  protected  by  very  strong  escorts 
can  be  achieved  with  submarines  only  if  the  convoy  is  split  up, 
for  Instance  through  aerial  attack.   To  this  end  the  aircraft 
carrier  was  designated  to  tiie  submarines  as  their  most  important 
targets  so  as  to  facilitate  aerial  attacks  and  to  achieve  results 
by  combined  attacks  from  both  branches  of  the  Armed  Forces.  In 
this  we  failed.  As  long  as  a  convoy  constitutes  a  solid  formation 
with  adequate  remote  and  close  escort  and  air  protection  it  will 
rarely  be  possible  to  break  through  the  protective  forces  un- 
detected during  the  period  of  short  nights  and  corresponding  high 
visibility.  It  is  difficult  to  contact  the  actual  convoy  on 
account  of  air  and  remote  escorts;  contact  can  be  maintained  only 
with  the  escort.  Usually  attacks  have  to  be  made  from  in  front 
of  the  convoy  from  prepared  positions  In  deep  formation.  It  is 
possible  to  place  submarines  in  such  positions  only  with  constant 
plane  contact  and  with  particularly  good  night  communications. 
None  of  these  prerequisites  existed  due  to  bad  weather  and  magnetic 
disturbances  of  radio  communication.   As  long  as  our  air  forces 
attack,  our  submarines  must  keep  at  a  distance;  our  air  attacks 
therefore  are  unfavorable  for  the  effectiveness  of  submarine 
operations  against  convoys,  except  against  damaged  stragglers,  as 
long  as  the  convoy  is  not  split  up.  The  closest  cooperation  with 
the  Air  Force  is  therefore  of  paramount  importance.  Despite  the 
greater  number  of  submarines  engaged,  their  achievements  did  not 
match  those  attained  against  PQ  17  because  the  effectiveness  of 
the  Air  Force  was  hampered  by  the  presence  of  an  aircraft  carrier 
and  by  nightfall  and  bad  weather. 


A 
Is 


final   check  of   all  reconnaissance  data  (Air  Commander,    Lofoten 
-lands)    shows   that  convoy  PQ,  16,   prior  to  the   actual  start   of 
operations,   consisted  of  4.5   or  probably  more  merchant    vessels, 
1  aircraft  carrier,    approximately  20  destroyers  and  escort  vessels, 
and   1   light  cruiser. 

As   many  as    12   submarines  were   committed  against   PQ.  18. 

Results ;   h  steamers   (2l|.,000  GRT)    sunk,    1  probably  sunk,    1  hit    on 
an  AFRIDI-class   destroyer,   2  probable  hits   on  steamers,   2  probable 
hits   on   a  JAVELIN -class   destroyer. 

Losses ;      3   submarines  have  not  been  heard  from  for  the   past  few 
days ;    these  may  be   lost   (U   "88",   Captain  Bohmann;  U   "I4.57"   Captain 
Brandenburg;  U   "589"   Captain  Horrer).      Submarines  U   H251n,   U  "255", 


****  B"1052 

-224- 


CONFIDENTIAL 

19  Sep.    19U2 

1 
U   "I4.O3"   and  U   "i+O^ "   were   damaged  by  depth  charges. 

For  copy   of    telegram,    see   l/Skl  23326 f\\2  Gkdos.    In  file    "Eispalast'1 . 

On  the  basis    of   reports  from   the   5ttl  Air  Force   received  by  the 
Naval   Staff  between   13  and  19   Sep.    I9I+2,    the   Air  Force   definitely 
sank   16  and  probably  b  merchant  vessels    on   13   and  II4.  Sep.,    and 
sank  6   and  probably  2   on   lb  Sep.      According   to  this   a  total   of   26 
merchant  vessels  wer'e    sunk  definitely  and  9   probably,    out   of   the 
convoy  which  was   estimated  by  the   Air   Commander,    Lofoten  Islands 
on   13  Sep.   as   consisting    of  45  merchant  vessels.     However,   on 
17   Sep.   convoy  PQ  18  was   repeatedly  reported  as   proceeding   in 
close  formation  consisting    of    30  merchant  vessels.      It  remains 
to  be  seen  what   the  final   report   of   the  Air  Force  will  be  after 
a  final  check   of  its  reported  successes. 

b«        Operation   against   ffi   I4: 

Contact  was  established  at   0120   in   quadrant    AC   li+29  by 
submarine  U   "I4.35"*   but  was   lost   a  few  hours    later  due    to  a   snow 
storm  coming  from  the   north.      At   0348   submarine   U   "4O3"  attacked 
a   submarine   decoy   in   quadrant  AC    1183  with  a  four-fan. 

10  submarines    tried  all  day  to   reestablish  contact  west    of   the 
Bear  Island-Spitsbergen   line,   and  at  2120   submarine  U    "606"  finally 
succeeded.      The   convoy  was   then  proceeding   on  a   315°  course,      5   sub- 
marines were    ordered   into   position  in  patrol   line   from  quadrant 
AS   7757   to   quadrant  AB  2218  for   0600   on  20   Sep. 

As  reported  by  the   Mr  Force,    QP.I4  consists    of  approximately 

20  merchant   vessels  with  an  escort    of   1  aircraft  carrier,    3  heavy 
cruisers,   and  23  destroyers    and  escort   vessels,    proceeding  at 

9  knots. 

* 

c.        Mine -laying   operation   in  the  Iceland  area: 

Group  North   submitted  an  excerpt   from  the   operations 
order   issued  to  submarine  U   "117"»     The   operation  carries   the 
code   name    "John  Bulln#      11  mine  patches    of   6   SMA  mines   each, 
2  miles    long,  will  be   laid  in  the  area  between  66°  N  and  61+°  30'  N* 
west   of   llo  30*  W;   particular  attention  is    to  be  given  to  the 
areas   off   Reldar  and  Seydis  Fjords.     According   to  the  written   order, 
the  commander  in  charge    of  the   operation  may,   at  his   discretion, 
deviate   from  these   instructions  by  laying  the   minefields  further 
out    to  sea   or  by  changing  the    time   of   the  execution  of  the   order 
if  necessary  due    to   strong  enemy  patrol  activity. 


IV.      Skagerrak,   Baltic   Sea   Entrances,   Baltic   Sea 

A  surprise   large-scale   aerial  mine   offensive   was   carried  out 
by  the  enemy  during  the  night   of  18  Sep.  In  the  Baltic  Sea  entrances 
and  In   the  Baltic   Sea  as  far   east    as  the   Bay   of  Danzig.      2  planes 
were   shot  down. 

The   Commanding   Admiral,   Defenses,   Baltic  Sea   assumes   that  besides 
in   the  Great  Belt,   many  mines  were    laid  off   the   eastern   Jutland 
coast  extending   to  11°  E  from  the   latitude   of  Fornaes   to  the 
latitude    of   Skagen.      In  addition,   ground  .mines  were   laid   in  a 


-225- 


B-105  2 


S'TIAL 


15   Sep.    1 


strip   of   20  miles   off   the  coart  from  Skagen  to  Hirtshals.     German 
stea-e: s    ot served  5  enemy  plenes   dropping   aerial  mines   north   off 
Grenaa.      2  ground  mines  were   swept    in   the  cay   of    Danzig,    a   third 
one    en   the  ferry  route  from  Helsinroer   to   Helsingborg.      A  Danish 
patrol  cutter   sank  in    the   Sound,   and  the   Danish  steamer  ASTKLD 
sank  south   of   the   anti-aircraft  hattery  at   Cestrem,   both   after 
striking   a   mine.      Suczrarine  U    "1+15 "   reported  the   explosion   of    5 
aerial  nines    close   to  the  boat    on  the  shipping    lane   from  Kela 
to   Sdynia    off  Gdynia.     Submarine  U    "227"    reported  6  detonations 
while   proceeding  from  Gdynia   to   Roenne   approach  buoy,   resulting 
...   the  failrre   of  both  Diesels   and  a  battery.     In  both   these 
cases   acoustic  mines    are    suspected.     Several  British  aerial 
mines   were    also  observed  near   the   Swedish  border   at  Irelleborg 
and  Naval   Station,   Baltic   considers   it  advisable    to    suggest   to 
Sweden   that   she  keep   the   ferry  route   from  "Gruen  05"   to  Trelleborg, 
wnich  is   used  by   Swedish   traffic,    constantly   swept.      (See   Telegram 
1322.) 

Group  North  has  not   yet   B  omen  ted   on  the   new  mine  situation  In 
the  Baltic  Sea. 

Mine-sweeping  in   the   area   of   the   Corasanier,   Mine    Sweepers,   Baltic 
Sea  was  strongly  affected  by  bad  weather'."    Convoy  service  proceeded 

according    to  plan. 

The  Naval  Representative   at   the  Armed  Forces  Intelligence  division 
Espionage  Branch  reports   in  connection  with  operation   "Kiabautermann" 
that   2  groups    of   agents   were   landed  near   Leningrad  during  the   night 
of   II4.  Sep.   according  to  plan*     The   landing  was   effected  with  Italian 
subchasers   at  Toserovo   ( 15  km  south   01   the   front    on  the  western  shore 
of   lake   Ladoga)  • 

The   Naval  Staff  notifies   the    Operations    Staff,   Armed  Forces  High 
Command    of    the    following   (with  copies   to  Vice  Admiral  Krancke 
and  Group  North): 

a.  Operations    of   coastal  mine  vessels    and  Italian   sub- 
chasers   on  Lake   Ladoga  will  cease   around  the  middle   of  October 
on  account  of   ice  conditions. 

b.  The   Naval   Stsff   plans    to   transfer   these  ships   to  the 
Gulf    of  Finland  by  10   Oct.   at  the   latest,   where   they  will  be  used 
as    long  as   ice  .conditions  permit}    thereafter   they  will   spend  the 
winter  and  be  -overhauled  for  next   year's    operations  at   Reval. 

c.  The    Operations   Staff,    Armed  Forces  High   Command  Is 
requested  to  give   its   consent   to   item  b. 


V.        Merchant    Shipping 

According   to  an   intelligence  report   of   17   Sep.,   Argentina 
and  Chile   agreed  to   lease    3/4  °f   their  merchant    tonnage,    i.e. 
approximately  500,000   tons,   (it  is  not    clear  whether   this  figure 
refers    to  GRT   or   deadweight)     to    the  U.S.A.      In  view   of  the 
requirements    of  the   two  countries,    the  Naval  Staff  Intelligence 
Division,   Foreign  Merchant  Marine   Branch  considers  this  report 
untrue. 


B-1052 

-226- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


19   Sep.    19^2 


VI.      Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation; 

Lively  reconnaissance   activity  In  the   southern  rendez- 
vous  area. 

Radio  monitoring   intercepted  a  report    about   the   torpedoing   of 
the   U.S.   tanker   EETROPUEL  ( 7,29U  GRT)    east   of    Cape   Charles.      Sub- 
marine warning  signals  were   flashed  off  Cape   Hatteras   and  In  the 
waters    off  Trinidad. 

2.  Own   Situation: 

2  submarines   are   under  way  to  the   zone   of   operations 
from  German  and  3  from  western  French  ports. 

Regarding   operations    against   QJP  li|.  see   Own  Situation,   Arctic  Ocean. 

In  the  North  Atlantic   contact  with  the   convoy  headed  northeast 
was  reestablished  in   quadrant  AJ  6656  by  Group   "Loss".     Another 
convoy  was   spotted  in   the   same   area  on   a  westerly  course  at   2300. 
The  Group  was   ordered  nevertheless   to  continue   operations  against 
the   first    one.     No  reports   of   successes  have   come  in  as  yet. 

One    of   the  Group's   submarines  was   rammed  while  making  an  underwater 
attack,   but   suffered  no  important  damage  and  continues   in   operation. 

Nothing   to  report   from  the   other  groups   and  single  boats    operating 
in  the  North  Atlantic. 

No  success   reports   from  the  submarines    off   the  American  east   coast. 
Submarine  U   "I75"   sank  a   3,000  GRT  tanker  in   the  West  Indies 
in  quadrant    E0   1815  and  encountered  a   submarine    decoy  ship  in 
quadrant   E0   l8l6. 

Submarine  U   "516"   reports    sinking   a   single  ship  estimated  at   6,000 
GRT  in   quadrant   EE  751+lw 

Submarine  U   "I56"   of   the   South  Atlantic  Group  sank  the  l+,750  GRT 
steamer   QUEBEC   CITY   off  Freetown.      Submarine  U    "109"   discovered 
secret   sailing   instructions   to  Freetown,    Lagos    and   Takoradi  which 
were   in  the   possession   of   the   captain   of    the    sunken  steamer   PETERT0N. 
The  harbor   of  Freetown   is    protected  by  a  boom  barrage  but   is  accessible 
day  and  night.      Lagos,  is    closed  at  night. 

Submarine  U   "375"   sank  a  1,200  GRT  steamer  and  i|  sailing  vessels 
in  the  Mediterranean. 

For   further   reports   see   supplement   to  subinarine  situation  in  War 
Diary,    Part  B,   Vol.   IV. 

The  German  Armistice  Commission  was   notified  by  the  French  that 
the    cruiser  GL0IRE,   after    taking   over    survivors   picked  up  by 
other   ships,   has    335  Italians,   b61|  British  on  board,   including   10 
women  and  children.      Additional   survivors   are    still  aboard  an 
Italian   submarine    and  will  be   taken   over  by  a  French  dispatch 
vessel   on  20  or   21  Sep.      (See  Telegram  2035.) 

Special  Items  ; 

b.       ^   Telegram  i/SklrT  u  lO^l/frg-Gkdus .   Chefs,    the   Commanding 


-227- 


B-1052 


confidential 


19  Sep.  19I4.2 


Admiral,  Submarines  is  directed  to  order  6  additional  submarines 
to  the  Mediterranean,  wheve  they  will  be  at  the  disposal  of  the 
Commander,  Submarines,  Italy  during  t\  e   coming  new  moon  period. 
Copy  of  directive  is  contained  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XIV. 

b.    The  Comnanding  Admiral,  Submarines  submits  the  requested 
report  on  his  plans  for  the  use  of  mine-laying  sut-.arines  suitable 
for  carrying  SMA  mines.   Their  greater  operating  range  permits 
exploitation  of  the  possibilities  on  the  American  and  African 
coasts.   In  addition,  it  will  be  possible  to  execute  occasional 
missions  in  the  waters  of  Iceland  and  the  British  Isles  without  too 
much  waste  of  time.   The  Commanding  Adnlral,  Submarines  leaves 
it  to  the  commands  involved  to  judge  the  conditions  for  use  in 
the  Arctic  Ocean. 

The  following  areas  along  the  U.S.  coasts  may  be  considered: 

(1)  The  waters  between  Boston  and  Cape  Sable,  the  areas 
off  Halifax,  off  Sydney,  off  Cape  Race,  off  St.  Johns, 
where  mines  may  be  laid  without  interfering  with 
normal  submarine  operations. 

(2)  The  Mississippi  River  estuary. 

(3)  Cabot  Strait,  St.  Lawrence  River,  Strait  of  belle  Isles, 
the  Old  Bahama  Channel,  the  vicinity  of  Trinidad. 

The  areas  mentioned  under  (2)  and  (3)  will  have  to  be  reserved 
for  the  time  being  exclusively  to  toroedo-submarines. 

Along  the  African  coast  the  following  areas  may  be  considered: 

(1)  Off  Durban,  East  London,  Port  Elizabeth,  Capetown. 

(2)  In  the  Gulf  of  Guinea,  off  the  Congo  coast,  Pointe 
^oire,  Libreville,  Lagos,  Takoradi. 

(3)  Less  favorable  are  Bathurst,  Freetown,  Monrovia,  as  well 
as  Duala,  Port  Harcourt,  Calabar.  In  the  latter  areas 

if  necessary  Spanish  traffic  to  Fernando  Po  should  be  taken 
Into  consideration. 

Aside  from  these  purely  geographical  considerations,  the  use  of  ^. 

SUA  mines  will  be  determined  by  the  traffic  and  defense  situation. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  figures  that  traffic  will  be 

heaviest  and  of  greatest  importance  in  American  waters,  these  being 

the  point  of  origin  of  the  supply  routes  to  the  British  Isles 

and  Russia;  by  comparison,  the  volume  of  strategically  important 

shipping  around  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope  Is  presumably  considerably 

smaller.   It  Is  more  difficult  to  mine  the  routes  to  Freetown  on 

account  of  the  depths  encountered  tiiere.  Traffic  to  the  Guinea 

coast  is  of  minor  significance.  A  chance  to  establish  the  exact 

location  of  shipping  routes  by  observation  exists  at  few  points 

only,  since  the  distance  from  the  coast  is  ordinarily  too  great. 

The  execution  of  mine-laying  operations  in  all  of  the  areas  men- 
tioned above  is  possible  in  spite  of  existing  defenses.   The 
enemy  will  be  able  to  cope  with  mines  more  readily  in  the  American 
than  in  the  African  area.  Mine-laying  operations  will  become 
more  difficult  with  the  further  increase  of  submarine  defenses 
In  the  American  area. 

/ 

B-105  2 
-228- 


19    Sep.    19m 2 

Taking   these   conditions   into    account,    the   Commanding   Admiral, 

Submarines    suggests    that   the   first   mine-layinr    o:« v :.t ions   following 
the  release    of    the    3.. .A  mine    should    take   place    off    the   American 
co?st.      In  his    opinion,    the   main    objective,    also   of   mine-laying 
operations,    is   to    achieve    immediate    successes   which  besides    sinkings 
also   include   the   temporary  blockin.     of    seaoorts.      ihe   orospect    of 
splitting   the   enemy's   defense   forces  and  of    spreading   unrest    in 
remote  areas   figures    second   in  his   considerations. 

The    '.'aval   Staff  agrees    on    tti^   whole   wi  th   the    reasoning    and    the 
proposal   of    the   Com.-r.andi  no    Admiral,    iulnnrines    in   that,    apart 
from  Iceland,  .the   American  area   should  be   considered  primarily. 
However,    the   South   African   ports   should  be    included   in  these 
operations    a3    soon   as   possible    thereafter   on   account    of   the 
high  strategical   importance   of   shipping    in   this   area.      The  fact 
that    this  will   cause   the   enemy  to   Increase   his   mine    defenses   is  of 
less    importance   in   this   area,   because    the   enemy   is    already   aware 
of   the   use    of   mines    through  his    experiences   with  the    DOOOSM.A 'K 
minefields.      A  final  decision  will  be   taken  following   further 
examination   of   the    problem. 


VI 1.   Aerial  Warfare 

1.  Erltlsh  Isles    and  Vicinity: 

During   the  day   our   planes  carried   out   reconnaissance 
flights   and  depth  charge  attacks    at   several   coastal   places* 

No   reports   were  received  as    yet   about   our   night    operations. 

2.  Incursions : 

l^O  enemy  planes  penetrated  into  southwestern  German 
territory.   Their  attack  centered  on  l.lun.'ch.   12  planes  were 
shot  down.  Considerable  damage  was  wrought  in  the  residential 
district  and  heavy  damage  to  the  industrial  sector.  Some  damage 
was  caused  also  at  Saarbruecken.  For  details  see  daily  situation 
report  • 

3»   Mediterranean  Theater; 

Nothing  to  report. 

i| •   Eastern  Front : 

At  the  various  Army  sectors  a  total  of  bl  enemy  planes 
were  shot  down. 

Lively  shipping  was  observed  on  18  Sep.  on  the  Volga  River  between 
Astrakhan  and  Stalingrad.   Regarding  operations  against  convoys 
P^  18  and  Q?   II4.  see  Own  Situation,  Arctic  Ocean. 


-229-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
19    Sep.    191+2 

Vlil  .Warfare  In   the  Mediterranean  and  the  i^lack  Sea 

1.  Enemy  Situation,  Mediterranean; 

A  total  of  100  planes  was  observed  in  the  harbor  and  on 
the  airfield  of  Gibraltar.   More  and  more  planes  are  being  stationed 
there.  An  Intelligence  report  of  18  Sep.  states  that  patrol 
activity  east  of  the  Strait  of  Gibraltar  has  been  increased. 

In  the  eastern  i.lediterranean  a  cruiser  escorted  by  3  destroyers 
on  a  northerly  course  was  spotted  by  Italian  air  reconnaissance  . 
we-t  of  Haifa,  and  another  cruiser  with  2  destroyers  on  a  south- 
southeasterly  course, 

2.  Own   Situation,    Mediterranean: 

The  Italian  cruiser  EOLZANO  which  had  been  beached 
following  a  hit  from  an  aerial  torpedo  on  13  Aug.  was  towed 
to  Naples  on  15  Sep. 

The  Italian  Arrned  Forces  High  Command  announced  on  18  Sep.  that 
assault  boats  of  the  Navy  penetrated  into  the  harbor  of  Gibraltar 
and  sank  the  steamer  RAVENS  POINT.   In  a  preceding  engagement  lj. 
identified  and  a  5th  unidentified  steamer  were  severely  damaged 
by  other  assault  boats  in  the  Eay  of  Gibraltar.   Most  of  the 
attacking  boats  returned  to  base.  Details  of  this  action  are 
contained  in  supplement  II  of  Foreign  Press  Report  No.  220  by 
the  Naval  Intelligence  division. 

The  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  reports  that  detailed  information 
about  this  operation  is  as  yet  not  available  from  the  Italian 
Naval  High  Command. 


V 


The  Operations  Staff,  Armed  Forces  High  Command  informed  the 
Naval  Staff  that  6  more  Italian  torpedo  boats  are  required  to 
escort  increased  shipping  to  Crete.  The  Naval  Staff  is  requested 
to  make  sure  that  these  ships  are  supplied  by  the  Italian  Navy,  the 
date  to  be  fixed  in  consultation  with  the  Admiral,  Aegean  Sea. 

The  Naval  Staff  Informs  the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  to  this 
effect  and  orders  it  to  support  the  demand  of  the  Operations 
Staff,  Armed  Forces  High  Command  at  the  Italian  Naval  High 
Command  in  consultation  with  the  German  General  attached  to 
Italian  Armed  Forces  Headquarters,  who  received  identical  instructs 
ions  from  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command. 

3.   Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa: 

The  convoy  comprising  steamers  NERUCCI ,  DORA  and  FOUGIER 
arrived  at  Tobruk  on  18  Sep.   The  convoy  consisting  of  motor  ship 
MONGINEVRO  and  APUANIA  was  spotted  by  British  reconnaissance  on 
the  way  from  Italy  to  Benghazi  and  attacked  90  miles  west  of  Crete* 
Further  information  Is  not  yet  available. 

1|.   Area  Naval  Group  South: 

Aegean  Sea: 

Nothing  to  report. 


8-1052 

-23O- 


confidential 
19  Sep.  19I4.2 

black  Sec, ; 

Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance   observed  slight  traffic    off    the 
Caucasian  coast   during    the    -iay.      90  miles   south-southwest   of 
Tuapse   a  submarine  was    attacked  by  a  plane,      retails    are   still 
mi  s  3  i  ng  • 

Own  Situation: 

On   17  Sep.  Yalta  was   attacked  by   enemy  planes  and 
balaklava    on   lo  Sep.,    in   the   latter   case  by   6   planes   carrying 
German   identification  markings.      A  naval  barge  burned  up,    one 
motor   trawler  was   sunk   and  a   tank   lighter  damaged. 

1  mine   was   swept    on   17  Sep.,    a   second   on   16   Sep.   by  a   mine- 
sweeping  plane   at  the  harbor  entrance    of  Yeisk.      It   is    necessary 
to  have  planes   sweep  the    supply  routes   in   the  Sea   of   Azov.     J4. 
naval  barges   arrived  at   Sulina   from  the    Danube.      Convoy  traffic 
in   the  Black  Sea   and  the   Sea   ov  Azov  proceeded  uneventfully. 

Group  South  requests    the  Naval   Staff   Quartermaster  Division   to 
rush   the   transfer   to   the   J^lack   Sea    of    the   promised  i|   aiditional 
motor   mine    sweepers   as   much  as   possible,    since   the  demands    on 
the   3rci  Kotor   Wine  Sweeper  Flotilla   are  very  great,   and  a 
number   of   Its    ships   have  broken  down. 

Russian   air   activity  was   greatly  intensified  during    the   last 
few   days    and  resulted  In   successful   attacks    on   the   Crimean  bases 
and  transshipping   places;    these  were  carried  out  from  altitudes 
which   cannot  be    reached  by   light   anti-aircraft   artillery.      As 
reported  by  Group  South,    the   Air   Commander,    Crimea   declared  it 
Impossible   to   provide  heavy  anti-aircraft  artillery  and  declined 
fighter  protection  for   shipping  in    the  Kerch  Strait.     Group 
South  considers   fighter  protection  in   the   Crimea   as   the   minimum 
requirement   and  requests    the  Naval  Staff   to  provide   relief. 
(See  Telegram  I030.) 

The  Naval  Staff   submitted   the   Group's  request   to   the   Commander 
in  Chief,   Air  force,   with  copy  to  the  Naval   Representative 
on    the   Operations   Staff,   Armed  Forces  High  Command,   with  the 
urgent   request   to   grant    these   demands   if    at   all   possible.      The 
Naval  Staff   used  this    opportunity  to  reemphasize   the  grave 
consequences  for    the    conduct    of    the  war    of   further   losses    of  ship- 
ping space   and   escort  forces. 


IX.      Situation  East    Asia 

According  to  a  compilation  of  the  U.S.  Naval  High  Command, 
the  Japanese  have  thus  far  definitely  lost  59  and  probably  lost 
an  additional   15  warships.      60  warships  were   damaged. 

These  figures   appear  grossly  exaggerated. 


-251- 


lc   oep.    lci+2 

X.        :..--.::-   citation 

1.  us^ian  Front; 

Arr.y  C-rcup   A: 

The  *r&  -£r-  Mountain  division  is   making  a  con- 

centric  attack   en   Krivanskaya.      The   5*d  ?ar.:er   Division   rained 
ground   in  a  westerly  direction  east    of   y.aisky. 

Ar.-.y   :-roup  Z  ; 

PI  5  In  Stalingrad  continues.     A  new  enemy  art  a 

sou-  -    ran   is  under  way.     Italian  units   west   of   Kazansk? 

foiled  an    enemy   attempt    to   cress   the   Don  River.     A  renewed  attack 
north    :;    Voronezh  was  repulsed  with  heavy  enemy  losses. 

Central   Arrr.y  Sroup: 

South   of   hovosil  the  ener.y  renewed  his  futile   attacks. 
Several  enemy   thrusts   in   the   Kzhev   area   were   repulsed. 

Northern   Army  '3 roup: 

The   enemy  launched  particularly  strong   attacks    against 
our    lines   along  the   railroad  in   the  northern  Demyansk   sector, 
all   of  which  were  completely  repulsed.      Renewed  attacks   supported 
by  tanks,  torxers  and  artillery  are   in  progress.      Unsuccessful 
attacks  were    launched  also  ncrth   and  south   of   the   land  bridge.      Vie 
succeeded  in.  improving   our  position   on   the  Redvya   hiver  and  gained 
ground  in  a  southerly  direction   south   of  Soltsy,     Enemy  attacks 
south  of  Lake > Ladoga  were   repulsed. 

2.  Finnish  Front; 

foe  my  attacks  in   the  haselskaya  area  were  halted  before 
ry   could   reach*  our    lines.      The   er.er.y   is    cringing   up  reinforce- 
ments  and  artillery.      Increased  Partisan  activity  la    reported  from 
Alakurtti   area. 

3»        Xcrth-  Africa : 

reports   received  as   yet. 


-252- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
20   Sep.  1943 

Items  of  Political  Importance 

Great  Britain: 

Lord  Winster,  an  authority  on  snipping,  stated  in  a  newspaper 
article  that  the  Allied  shipoing  situation  can  be  compared  only  with 
that  in  the  critical  year  of  1917.   It  is  useless  to  publish  figure? 
of  what  has  been  shipped  to  the  Soviet  Union,  because  shipments  and 
deliveries  are  two  entirely  different  things.   The  U.S.  Maritime 
Commission  announced  that  the  amount  of  tonnage  lost  during  a  recent 
month  by  far  exceeded  the  figure  of  the  worst  month  of  last  year, 
which  mean6  that  it  was  greater  than  849,000  GRT.   Apart  from  tnis 
grave  loss  of  merchant  tonnage,  the  British  Admiralty  has  conceded 
the  loss  so  far  of  3  battleships,  2  battle  cruisers,  4  aircraft 
carriers,  Z8   cruisers,  14  auxiliary  cruisers,  80  destroyers,  and 
40  submarines.   The  critical  situation  of  British  sea  power  must  be 
attributed  to  strategic  errors,  lack  of  foresight  and  a  faulty 
administration  and  command  organization. 

U.S.A.  : 

Secretary  of  the  Navy  Knox  stated  in  an  address  that  all  steps  have 
been  taken  to  reduce  ship  losses  to  a  tolerable  measure  in  the  long 
run.   However,  the  war  will  last  long  and  will  be  a  hard  one.   The 
New  York  Times  says  that  an  open  rift  has  occurred  between  Lloscow 
and  the  Allies  in  the  4th  week  of  the  battle  for  Stalingrad  about 
the  establishment  of  a  second  front.   Yet  nothing  can  justify 
establishing  the  second  front  as  long  as  the  prenarations  for  it 
have  not  been  completed.   It  would  be  of  no  assistance  to  Russia  if 
the  democracies  were  beaten  in  the  west. 

According  to  Swiss  reports  from  Vichy,  there  are  signs  tnat  tne 
tension  between  France  and  the  U.S.A.  has  eased  to  a  certain  degree. 
The  Washington  Government  is  showing  full  consideration  for  France's 
difficult  position  and  Vichy  has  taken  the  standpoint  tliat  the 
occasion  for  a  break  must  not  be  provided  by  France. 

Turkey: 

The  Transocean  News  Agency  reports  that  the  Turkish  Foreign  Minister 
offered  4  arguments  to  oppose  Willkie's  demand  for  active  Turkish 
participation  in  the  war  on  the  Anglo-American  side  as  follows: 

1.  The  Turkish  Army's  complete  lack  of  adequate  equipment. 

2.  The  critical  Turkish  food  situation. 

3.  The  fact  that  Turkey  would  be  exposed  to  a  direct  German  attack. 

4.  The  fact  that  adequate  Anglo-American  assistance  was  not  of- 
fered during  any  phase  of  the  entire  negotiations. 

According  to  an  Argentine  report,  Turkey  is  negotiating  with 
Argentina  about  the  purchase  of  500,000  tons  of  grain,  wnich  is  to 
be  shipped  to  Lisbon  on  Argentine  vessels  and  transferred  there  to 
Turkish  ships. 


-255- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
20  Sep.  1942 

Special  Items 

I.  Intelligence  Center  No.  10  has  put  into  service  all  motor 
trawlers  not  engaged  in  fisning  which  were  placed  at  its  disposal  by 
the  Snipping  and  Transport  Brancn  of  tne  Naval  Quartermaster  Division 
for  the  surveillance  of  Danish  fishing  on  tne  west  coast  of  Jutland, 
in  tne  Skagerrak,  and  in  tne  Kattegat.   The  trawlers,  which  are  based 
on  Esbjerg  and  Skagen,  are  already  operating  in  tne  Skagerrak  and 
Kattegat.   Operations  on  the  west  coast  will  start  in  tne  immediate 
future. 

II.  On  24  Aug.  the  Naval  Staff  informed  the  Naval  Group  Commands, 
the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy,  and  tne  Fleet  of  its  viewpoint 
concerning  acceleration  of  communications  within  the  Navy.   This 
memorandum  was  prompted  by  the  events  at  Dieppe  and  was  to  impress 
once  more  the  operations  staffs  with  the  necessity  for  immediate 
reports  (see  War  Diary  26  Aug.).   Tne  Commanding  Admiral,  Group  West, 
replied  to  this  memorandum  on  3  Sep.,  indicating  that  Group  W<=>st 
feels  that  the  Naval  Staff's  note  is  a  reproach.   Neither  the  content 
nor  tne  tone  of  tne  note  justifies  such  interpretation,  nor  was  it 
intended  as  a  reproach  against  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Group  West. 
Witn  regard  to  the  admitted  delay  in  transmitting  its  reoort,  Group 
West  refers  to  an  order  of  tne  Commanding  General,  West  with  which 

it  agreed;  according  to  this  order,  reports  must  not  be  sent  to 
superior  commands  which  concern   tne  common  coastal  defense  or  tne 
battle  dispositions  of  another  branch  of  the  Armed  Forces,  unless  the 
opinion  of  the  Commanding  General,  West  was  previously  obtained. 
This  was  evidently  ordered  as  a  result  of  the  experiences  at  St. 
Nazaire  and  in  the  interest  of  uniform  reporting. 

In  its  reply  tne  Naval  Stafi  once  more  states  tne  purpose  of  the 
memorandum  and  remarks  that  the  particular  illustrations  used  were 
selected  simply  because  tne  events  at  Dieppe  had  just  hapoened. 
Instances  in  the  past  in  which  the  Naval  Staff  was  not  satisfied 
with  tne  manner  of  reporting  were  settled  in  every  instance  whenever 
necessary,  and  there  is  no  sense  in  bringing  this  matter  up  again. 

Tne  order  of  the  Commanding  General,  West  regarding  the  transmission 
of  reports  can  apply,  as  far  as  tne  Navy  is  concerned,  only  to  reports 
with  respect  to  matters  relating  to  both  Army  and  Navy  or  Army  and 
Air  Force,  but  not  to  reports  addressed  to  tne  Naval  Staff  and 
relating  exclusively  to  commitment  and  operations  of  naval  forces 
and  activities  of  naval  authorities. 

III.  As  already  stated  by  tne  Naval  Staff  during  tne  conference  on 
tne  situation  with  the  Chief,  Naval  Staff  on  13  Aug.,  tne  captain 
of  supply  ship  UCKERilARK  is  not  to  be  blamed  for  interrupting  nis 
mission  on  12  Aug.   The  regrettable  breakdown  of  tne  UCK&RHARK' s 
radio  system  deprived  the  authorities  in  command  of  the  possibility 
of  ordering  a  second  breakthrough  attempt  following  the  first  attack 
by  enemy  planes.   By  the  repeated  breakthrough  attempts  and  by  the 
successful  breakthrough  at  the  third  try,  the  captain  proved  that 

he  had  learned  by  his  first  experience.  A  corresponding  comment  of 
the  Naval  8taff  has  been  added  to  the  war  diary  of  Group  West  under 
12  Aug. 


B-1052 

-25*- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


20  Sep.  1942 


IV.  The  Naval  Construction  Division,  Section  V  reports  that  accord- 
ing to  the  decision  of  14  Jan.  1942  the  Tosmare  shipyard  at  Libau 
nas  been  or  will  be  fitted  so  as  to  permit  complete  simultaneous 
overhauls,  inclusive  of  armament  repairs,  of  1  light  cruiser,  2 
torpedo  boats,  and  1  submarine  target  vessel,  wnile  an  additional  6 
submarines  can  be  repaired  over  the  weekend.   The  Naval  Construction 
Division  intends  to  overhaul  at  least  one  Docket  battleship  and  8 
mine  sweepers  or  equivalent  vessels  at  the  same  time,  apart  from  the 
above-mentioned  shios,  and  to  oreate  docking  facilities  for  heavy 
cruisers  at  Libau.   No  date  has  been  set  wnen  these  goals  are  expected 
to  be  reached. 

V.  The  armor  plating  available  at  the  Nikolayev  shipyard,  which  is 
to  be  used  for  fortification  projects  upon  order  of  the  Fuehrer,  hap 
already  almost  completely  been  used  up  in  the  battleship  under  con- 
struction there.   Since  so  far  orders  have  been  given  to  preserve 
this  ship,  the  Naval  Construction  Division  requests  a  decision  whethei 
she  should  now  be  dismantled,  commenting  that,  since  there  are  no 
plans  available,  to  complete  the  snip  would  practically  amount  to 
building  a  new  one.   It  therefore  recommends  that  tne  ship  be  die- 
mantled.  , 

Comment  of  the  Naval  Staff  Operations  Division: 

a.  It  is  impossible  at  tnis  time,  clue  to  lack  of  labor  and 
material,  to  finisn  the  battleship. 

b.  This  would  be  difficult  also  at  a  later  time  since  the 
plans  are  not  available. 

c.  Tne  necessity  to  create  a  German  Black  Sea  fleet  of  heavy 
vessels  after  the  war  is  not  very  urgent.   Besides,  it  will  always 

be  unsatisfactory  to  adapt  a  foreign  design  to  our  purposes.   Thought 
should  also  be  given  to  the  problem  of  passing  the  Dardanelles. 

d.  Purely  practical  considerations  favor  the  dismantling  of 
the  ship;  in  this  connection  it  is  also  important  that  a  slipway  will 
become  available  for  the  construction  of  merchant  vessels  and  later 
for  warships. 

e.  It  is  desirable  that  the  considerable  quantities  of  raw 
material  and  armor  plating  should  not  be  lost  to  the  Navy  upon  dis- 
mantling the  ship,  except  those  which,  according  to  the  Fuehrer's 
directive,  are  to  be  used  for  the  construction  of  fortifications. 

f .  Conclusion: 

The  Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff  has  no  objections 
p.gainst  dismantling.   However,  it  should  be  provided  that  all  raw 
material,  scrap  and  other  material  becoming  available  is  used 
primarily,  if  not  exclusively,  for  the  benefit  of  the  Navy,  except 
for  the  armor  plating  which  must  be  assigned  to  the  construction  of 
fortifications  in  compliance  with  the  Fuehrer's  order.. 

Instructions  to  this  effect  are  given  to  the  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster 
Division,  which  is  advised  to  obtain  a  final  decision  from  the  Com- 
mander in  Chief,  Navy. 

vl.   In  accordance  with  a  directive  of  the  Operations  Staff,  Armed 
Forces  High  Command,  precautions  are  to  be  taken  that  travel  into 


-235- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
20  Sep.  1942 

the  Caucasus  area  and  to  Stalingrad,  following  its  capture,  be 
restricted  to  what  is  absolutely  essential  because  of  tne  motor 
venicle  and  fuel  situation.   (See  Telegram  2135.) 


Situation  20  Sep.  1943 

I.   Tar  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.  Enemy  Situation; 

It  is  learned  from  an  Italian  source  that  preparations  are 
being  made  in  Soutn  Africa  to  accommodate  120,000  U.S.  soldiers,  who 
are  expected  to  arrive  in  the  course  of  the  next  3  month6. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Snip  "10"  is  directed  to  use  ner  own  discretion  in  arrang- 
ing for  tne  overnaul  of  ner  engines  in  Japan.  Subsequent  to  ner  stay 
in  Japan  sne  is  scheduled  for  a  mission  in  the  Antarctic  Ocean.  Sne 
is  requested  to  send  a  report  about  her  schedule  by  way  of  tne  !!aval 
Attache  at  Tokyo.  On  the  occasion  of  tne  engine  overnaul  tne  boiler 
system  is  to  be  adapted  for  tne  use  of  Taraxan  oil.  (See  Radiograms 
1459  and  1203.) 

Snip  "23"  is  informed  by  Radiogram  0126  tnat  tne  private  mail  ad- 
dressed to  ner  between  tne  end  of  May  and  tne  end  of  August  was  lost 
due  to  a  bomb  nit  on  tne  PASSAT. 

Tne  Naval  Attacne  at  Tokyo  is  requested  to  present  to  Captain  Gumpricn 
upon  welcoming  nim  to  Japan  tne  German  Cross  in  gold,  whicn  tne  Com- 
mander in  Cnief ,  Navy  awarded  to  him  on  11  Sep.  1942  on  benali  of  tne 

Fuehrer. 

All  ships  in  foreign  waters  are  advised  Of  the  situation  with  regard 
to  sovereignty  witnin  tne  French  Colonial  Emoire.   (See  Radiogram 
1148.)   Enemy  situation  report  by  Radiogram  0545. 

The  Japanese  Naval  Liaison  Officer  orally  communicated  tne  following 
message  of  tne  Japanese  Admiralty  to  tne  Cnief,  Operations  Division, 
Naval  Staff: 

a.  The  Japanese  Navy  intends  to  extend  its  operations  on  oc- 
casion to  tne  operations  zone  agreed  uoon  by  tne  German  and  Japanese 
:.avie8  as  long  as  no  German  auxiliary  cruiser  is  active  there. 

To  tnis  tne  Chief,  Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff  remarks  tnat 
Japan  is,  of  course,  at  liberty  to  do  so  and  tnat  tne  German  Naval 
Staff  nas  no  objections.   Tne  Cnief,  Operations  Division,  "aval 
Staff  in  return  asks  tnat  it  be  notified  by  tne  Japanese  Navy  wnen 
tne  operations  zone  is  not  incluaed  in  Japanese  operations,  so  that 
a  German  auxiliary  cruiser  may  ngain  be  sent  tnere. 

b.  The  Japanese  Navy  intends  to  intensify  its  operations  in 
tne  South  Pacific  and  tnerefore  requests  tne  German  Navy  to  refrain 
from  sending  an  auxiliary  cruiser  into  tnis  area  and  ratner  to  send 
one  into  tne  Indian  Ocean. 


-2>6- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
80   Sep.    1948 

II.      Situation   West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

Reconnaissance  in  the  Cnannel  revealed  notning  of  in- 
terest. According  to  radio  monitoring,  a  British  trawler  ran 
aground  off  Duncansbay  Head. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast: 

Tne  8nd  Torpedo  Boat  Flotilla  made  an  exploratory  sweep 
from  St.  Nazaire  to  La  Fall ice  without  encountering  any  mines. 
Mine  sweeper  M  "4448"  was  seriously  damaged  by  a  ground  mine  in 
the  gap  between  the  minefields  at  tne  Bayonne  harbor  entrance  and 
had  to  be  beached.  A  ground  mine  was  swept  off  Lorient  and  one 
off  La  Pallice. 


Channel  Coast: 

According  to  Group  West's  report,  mine-laying  operation 
rth  of  Ba 
nothing  to  report. 

Speoial  Item: 


"Elbe"  north  of  Barfleur  was  executed  according  to  plan.  Otherwise 


On  20  Sep.  Admiral  Marschall  took  over  the  task  of  Com- 
manding Admiral,  Group  West  from  Admiral  Saalwaecnter.   Thus  the 
merging  of  the  ooramands  of  Group  West  and  the  Commanding  Admiral, 
France  has  gone  into  effect. 


III.  North  Sea.  Norway.  Arctic  Ocean 

1.   North  Sea: 

Enemy  Situation: 

Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situation: 

3  ground  mines  were  swept  north  of  Schlermonnikoog  and 
Terschelling.   3  more  ground  mines  were  swept  off  Texel  on  19  Sep. 
Esoort  and  patrol  missions  were  affected  by  bad  weather.  Several 
enemy  planes  penetrated  into  the  Dutch  area  ana  tne  German  Bignt 
during  the  night  of  19  Sep.   It  is  suspeoted  that  mines  were  laid 
north  of  Ameland,  Schiermonnikoog  and  Borkum. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  North  reports  that  the  acoustio 
mine-exploding  vessels  could  not  yet  be  tested  in  operation,  as 
ordered  by  Group  North,  because  the  Mine  Laying  Experimental  Com- 
mand failed  to  supply  the  required  equipment.  The  Commanding 
Admiral,  Defenses,  North  is  convinced  tnat  the  enemy  has  laid 
acoustic  mines  so  that  the  allocation  of  protective  equipment  is 
of  prime  importance  if  the  oonvoy  routes  in  the  North  Sea  are  to 
be  kept  open. 


.237"  B-105  2 


2C     - 

': :  r  *  - 

Convoy  service   it  Lral,    -»orway  pro- 

ceeifi   ftccardli  ledfroa 

By  order  T     t>er   F:  rans- 

er  completion 

of 

■- 

I  38 

: :"   Iristiar.e     id    Sorl    .      -    rt    -   installatic    -        :    -  -  --'.    battery,    and 

srrong- 
i  on  in- 
al,   Norway 
is  too 

narbor   it- 
s' 

?    the  Cocmandi- 
?vise  .     -     "     Dg 

of  all  important 
rand  North . 

The  Comb  -  :   tnie 

consru  jssaan  -al»   Arise  i 

Forces,    Norway  is   receiv 

.c:::c   Ocean: 

:S7    Si- --.tic-.: 

iio  a:  . "tercepted  a  report  of  tne  95th  Air 

Force  Air  I       -,-s  of  tne 

Arcti  "3  on  19  Sep.  ,  which 

ur: :  .  ce  coapoeixion  of  the 

es  4  ~lere,  a  gr : 

of  3C  ve.  e  is  report e           -  Nos  area. 

Tne  f=     tat  re  a  flights  a;;         -  into  tne  area 

ncr       anil)  ::;s  seeae  t^  oate  tnat  acre  stragglers  are 

expected.   One  m  fire  (       :ng  at 
15 

Pen  8ituatloa 

?t  convoy  ^P  14: 

'-  I  i  a        r    r-    :::s    of    oox    sumarinee , 
.voy  QP  14  was    sa  a  northwesterly  -:  adel   for 

quadrant  AB  2320  u  f  19  Sep.,    when   it   changed   to  a 

,   Norway  aseuaes  that 
the    u  was~r::  rier    t:    pick  op  the 

supply  tankej  laitii  seat  coast, 

",e    subaarlnes   were  "Token  cor.tact   with    tr.e 

ccr  e  was  :ed  to   tr.e   southwest,    correspond- 

rt  to  the  cc-  age    ::    c:^rr  r  to  set   as  aany 

~nal  for 
at  s  at  C72S.      Tne   oonwoy    :s    report ei    t:~c,r.8ist   of 

at.  -  by   5   submarines 

>sition   was    I  nt   A3   1914. 


-2J8- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


20   Sep.    194* 


Submarine  U  "435"  (commanded  by  Lt.  Strelow)  scored  4  hits  with  5 
torpedoes  at  0627  and  definitely  sank  one  destroyer,  probably  sank 
a  6,000  GRT  steamer,  and  torpedoed  2  other  steamers.   At  1820  sub- 
marine U  "255"  scored  3  hits  on  a  large  steamer;  strong  interference 
by  the  defense  forces  prevented  observation  of  her  sinking.   Sub- 
marine U  "703"  sank  a  TRIBAL  class  deRtroyer  at  1955  in  quadrant 
AB  1836  and  reported  an  aircraft  carrier,  apparently  the  FURIOUS, 
near  the  convoy.   A  patrol  line  cf  7  submarines  from  quadrant 
AB  1785  to  AB  4257  is  planned  for  0500  of  21  Sep. 

k\   1622  an  enemy  submarine  made  an  unsuccessful  attack  on  submarine 
U  "408"  in  quadrant  AB  1376.   Submarine  U  "403"  reported  a  large 
Russian  S  I  submarine  in  quadrant  AB  6976  which  was  in  telegraphic 
communication  with  another  nearby  submarine,  and  was  operating 
against  U  "403". 

No  report  about  the  combat  activities  of  the  Air  Force  was  received. 

Group  North  calls  the  attention  of  the  Corrr-anding  Admiral,  Sub- 
marines (with  copy  to  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean)  to  the  route 
usually  taken  by  heavy  escort  groups  of  P^  and  QP  convoy3  which 
runs  on  a  line  connecting  quadrants  AN  1535,  AM  3245,  AE  9635, 
5355,  3775,  3445,  and  3245;  thus  we  can  assume  that  the  forces 
protecting  v£P  14  will  follow  a  similar  course  and  will  head  for  the 
Scapa  Flow  area  possibly  after  refueling  in  Reidar  or  Seydis  Fjord. 
Group  North  requests  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  to  examine 
whether  any  submarines  en  route  to  operations  areas  could  operate 
for  a  short  while  particularly  in  the  Faeroe  Islands  area. 

Special  Item: 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  reported  to  Group  North  that 
the  office  of  Chief  of  Staff  need  not  be  filled  for  the  time  being, 
although  the  office  should  be  maintained  in  view  of  otner  branches 
of  the  Armed  Forces.   The  Commanding  Admiral,  Group  North  deems 
it  absolutely  necessary  to  assign  an  additional  flag  officer  as 
aide  to  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ooean  in  view  of  the  planned  rein- 
forcement of  the  naval  forces  in  the  Arctic  Ocean. 

The  matter  is  being  studied  in  consultation  with  tke  Naval  Officer 
Personnel  Division. 


IV.   Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

Additional  ships  were  assigned  to  channel-sweeping  operations 
in  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  Baltic  Sea.   In 
view  of  the  surprise  appearance  of  British  acoustic  mines  and  the 
complete  lack  of  protective  equipment,  save  one  experimental 
apparatus,  the  Baltic  Naval  Station  requests  that  all  anti-acoustic 
mine  devices  should  be  given  highest  priority  regardless  of  tne 
usual  procedure,  since  the  submarines  are  directly  affected.   The 
Naval  Staff  has  ordered  an  investigation  of  the  situation. 

A  three-masted  schooner  was  damaged  by  a  mine  in  the  Little  Belt. 
In  the  soutnern  part  of  the  Great  Belt  a  Danisn  steamer  sank  after 
striking  a  mine. 


"239-  B-10  5  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 


20  Sep.    194a 


Army  Coastal  Battery  "521"  reported  sighting  a  submarine  off 
Hirtsnals  at  1045.   The  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses,  Baltic  Sea 
questions  this  report  and  states  that  no  German  submarine  is  located 
in  the  Skagerrak.   Due  to  the  lack  of  appropriate  ships  and  because 
of  many  enemy  mines,  a  submarine  chase  in  the  Skagerrak  is  impos- 
sible.  The  escorts  of  all  important  convoy6  conducted  through  the 
Skagerrak  are  reinforced. 

According  to  a  Swedish  press  report,  approximately  15  British  planes 
dropped  mines  in  Swedish  territorial  waters  in  Oere  Sound  during 
tne  nignt  of  18  Sep.  Swedish  anti-aircraft  batteries  laid  a  barrage 
in  the  path  of  the  incoming  aircraft.   A  Swedish  auxiliary  warship 
engaged  in  mine-sweeping  was  seriously  damaged  at  noon  on  19  Sep. 
by  striking  a  mine  and  sank. 

Transports  from  Danzig  to  Finland  were  halted  pending  clearance  of 
the  sea  lanes. 

A  subchaser  had  a  brush  with  3  enemy  PT  boats  in  quadrant  AD  3717 
in  the  Gulf  of  Finland.   4  enemy  torpedo  boats  unsuccessfully 
attacked  a  mine-sweeper  in  quadrant  A0  3631.   Nortn  of  Vigrund  a 
Russian  PT  boat  ran  aground  and  was  abandoned  by  the  crew,  Russian 
fighter  planes  set  the  boat  afire.  Enemy  covering  ships  were  fired 
on  by  our  mine  sweepers  and  witndrew  behind  a  smoke  screen. 

Otherwise  there  is  notning  to  report  from  the  area  of  tne  Commander 
Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic  Sea. 


V.   Merchant  Shipping 

Group  North  and  the  Baltic  Naval  Station  repeatedly  urged 
that  oontrol  stations  be  set  up  off  Trelleborg  and  in  Kalraar  Sound 
where  merchant  ships  arriving  from  Finland  and  eastern  Sweden  would 
be  compelled  to  halt  for  a  cneck  of  their  sailing  instructions. 
Since  tnis  suggestion  can  be  carried  out  only  if  tne  Swedish 
Government  agrees,  .the  Foreign  Office  approached  them  about  tne 
matter  in  July  1942.  So  far,  the  result  was  negative.  Tne  Naval 
Staff  agrees  with  the  opinion  held  by  the  Foreign  Office  tnat  a 
change  of  tne  Swedish  Government's  attitude  cannot  be  anticipated 
in  the  near  future/on  account  of  its  basic  policies,  and  tnerefore 
we  cannot  hope  to  "carry  out  the  plan  proposed  by  Group  North  and 
the  Baltic  Naval  Station.   Both  of  them  were  notified  to  this 
effect. 


VI.   Submarine  Warfare 

1.   Enemy  Situation: 

Reconnaissance  activity  of  both  air  groups  was  slight. 
Radio  monitoring  intercepted  a  few  submarine  warning  signals  off 
the  American  coast  and  in  the  West  Indies. 

According  to  an  announcement  of  tne  Britisn  Admiralty,  submarine 
URGE  is  overdue.   According  to  a  Canadian  Navy  Ministry  communique, 


.240-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
20  Sep.  1943 

the  Canadian  destroyer  ASSINIBOINE  reported  sinking  a  German  sub- 
marine, the  captain  of  which  was  killed  in  the  action,  wnile  the 
crew  was  taken  prisoner.  A  press  report  from  Lisbon  asserts  that 
the  British  steamer  ALOUETTE  was  torpedoed  and  sunk  on  19  Sep.  off 
Cape  Espichel. 

2.   Own  Situation: 

2  submarines  sailed  for  the  zone  of  operations. 

Regarding  operation  against  convoy  QP  14  see  Own  Situation,  Arctio 
Ocean. 

In  tne  North  Atlantic,  Group  "Pfeil",  too,  was  directed  to  operate 
against  the  convoy  proceeding  on  a  northeasterly  course  in  quadrant 
AK,  so  that  a  total  of  21  submarines,  including  those  of  Group  "Los0* 
and  2  submarines  en  route  from  Germany  to  their  operations  areas, 
are  operating  against  this  convoy.  At  first  progress  of  the 
operation  was  af'ected  by  the  increasingly  bad  weather.  Submarine 
U  "373"  attacked  a  corvette  in  quadrant  AK  4<sl5  witn  a  3-fan  and, 
according  to  hydrophone  observation,  scored  a  hit  on  the  convoy. 
Subsequently  the  sinking  of  a  steamer  was  detected  by  hydrophone. 
Almost  simultaneously  the  convoy  was  attacked  also  by  submarine 
U  "596"  which  heard  the  explosions  of  2  steamers.   Debri6  was 
sighted.   It  may  be  that  submarine  U  "373"  and  U  "596"  sank  the 
same  steamer.  Contact  with  the  convoy  was  lost  .in  quadrant  ak 
1949  and  2000. 

Group  "Vorwaerts"  has  refueled. 

No  results  were  reported  from  the  American  coast  and  the  West 
Indies,  nor  from  the  submarines  in  the  South  Atlantic,  where  Group 
"litis"  is  informed  that  a  northbound  convoy  is  expected  to  arrive 
at  its  patrol  line  on  21  Sep. 

Nothing  to  report  from  the  Mediterranean.- 

For  additional  reports  see  supplement  to  submarine  situation  in  War 
Diary,  Part  B,  Vol.  IV. 

As  reported  by  the  German  Armistice  Commission,  the  dispatch  vessel 
DUliONT  D'URVILLE  nae  taken  aboard  14  more  British  survivors,  apart 
fr'om  those  reported  to  be  on  board  the  cruiser  GLOIRE.   The  DUMONT 
D'URVILLE  and  the  ANNAMITE  are  proceeding  to  the  rendezvous  with 
the  Italian  submarine  at  1000  (German  Summer  Time)  in  02°  00'  S 
13°  25»  W. 

Special  Item: 

With  reference  to  Group  North's  complaint  regarding  the  loading 
facilities  for  SMA  mines  (see  War  Diary  18  Sep.),  the  Mining  and 
Barrage  Inspectorate  states  that  installations  for  the  storage 
and  loading  of  SMA  mines  at  Atlantic  ports  were  begun  18  months 
ago.   The  Cnatern  installation  at  Brest  is  now  finished  and  some 
ships  have  already  been  equipped  tnere.   Installation  Keranten 
at  Lorient  and  Regue  de  Thau  at  Bordeaux  are  still  under  construction, 
SMA  mi   8  have  also  already  been  loaded  at  Kiel.   The  request  that 
mines  also  be  loaded  in  Norway  is  entirely  new. 


-24l-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
20   Sep.    1942 

VII.    Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Iele6  and  Vicinity: 

There  was  little  reconnaissance  activity   because  of  bad 
weather.      Sunderland  was   raided  with  good  result  by  19   planes  during 
the  night  of  19  Sep. 

2.  Incursions: 

No  enemy  planes  flew  into  German  or  German-occupied  ter- 
ritory. 

3.  Mediterranean  Theater: 

Reconnaissance  missions  were  flown  to  Suez  and  Kufra 
oasis  and  combat  missions  in  support  of  the  Panzer  Corps,  North 
Africa.  Enemy  air  activity  was  at  a  minimum.  ' 

4.  Eastern  Front: 

42  enemy  planes  were  reported  shot  down  at  the  various 
Army  fronts. 

Reconnaissance  flights  over  the  Black  Sea  and  the  Caspian  Sea. 

The  1st  Air  Force  deployed  307  planes  in  support  of  the  11th  Army. 
Ships  were  attacked  on  Lake  Ladoga  and  1  small  steamer  was  sunk, 
another  one  damaged  and  a  patrol  boat  set  afire. 

Convoy  PQ  18  was  observed  dispersing  off  Archangel  in  the  Arctic 
Ocean.  Due  to  bad  weather  the  harbor  itself  could  not  be  reoon- 
noitered,  neither  could  convoy  P^  14  be  spotted. 


VIII.  Warfare  In  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1.   Enemy  Situation.  Mediterranean: 

According  to  press  reports,  the  planes  at  Gibraltar  were 
reinforced  by  another  36  planes.  With  this  exception,  there  is 
nothing  to  report  from  the  entire  Mediterranean  area. 

2.   Own  Situation.  Mediterranean: 

The  oaptured  Britisn  motor  torpedo  boat  "314"  was  com- 
missioned as  a  fast  subchaser  by  the  -6th  Motor  Mine  Sweeper 
Flotilla  under  tne  name  "RA  10". 

During  the  nignt  of  19  Sep.  Bardia  was  attacked  without  result 
by  enemy  planes;  an  attack  on  Navarino  during  the  evening  of  19 
Sep.  fared  no  better. 

3.   Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa; 

Steamer  SATURNO  proceeding  from  Palermo  to  Tripoli  put 
into  Trapani  during  the  night  of  19  Sep.  in  order  to  escape  an 
enemy  air  attack,  and  sailed  from  there  in  the  evening  of  20  Sep. 


-242-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
20  Sep.  1942 

An  enemy  plane  attacked  4  auxiliary  sailing  vessels  under  way  from 
Tripoli  to  Bengnazi  on  19  Sep.;  no  damage  nas  been  reported.  With 
these  exceptions,  supply  shipping  from  Italy  and  Greeoe  to  North 
Africa  and  North  African  coastal  traffic  proceeded  according  to 
plan. 

4.   Area  Naval  Group  South; 

Aegean  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation; 

d   submarines  were  signted  northeast  of  Candia. 

Own  Situation; 

Convoy  service  on  schedule  without  special  incidents. 

Group  South  asks  for  a  reduction  of  the  Italian  October  oil  quota 
from  Rumania  by  10,000  tons,  whicft  should  be  allocated  to  tne 
Admiral,  Aegean  Sea  for  the  most  urgent  requirements  of  Africa 
transports  which  cannot  be  carried  out  with  only  6,000  tons. 
Besides,  the  Italian  Naval  High  Command  has  withdrawn  a  good  deal 
of  the  oil  stored  at  Piraeus  and  transferred  it  to  tne  Central 
Mediterranean.   (See  Telegram  1815.) 

A  decision  will  be  made  by  tne  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division. 

Black  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation; 

Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situation; 

A  northbound  barge  convoy  was  attacked  during  the  night 
of  19  Sep.  off  Burnoe  with  2  submarine  torpedoes,  both  of  wnioh 
missed.  2  Italian  submarines  under  way  to  the  Bosporus  developed 
engine  trouble  and  will  be  transferred  from  Constanta  to  the  Crimea 
after  completion  of  repairs.   3  more  Italian  submarines  sailed  from 
Sulina  on  19  Sep. 

A  few  buildings  were  damaged  during  an  air  raid  on  Mariupol  on 
19  Sep.  Renewed  air  attacks  on  Balaklava  and  Ivanbaba  took  place 
on  20  Sep.  A  mine-sweeping  plane  crasned  off  Kerch  Strait  on 
19  Sep.  due  to  engine  trouble.  Escort  service  according  to  plan. 


IX.   Situation  East  Asia 

The  Commander  in  Cnief  of  tne  India  Fleet  announced  tnat  all 
major  Indian  ports  have  been  converted  into  naval  bases.  The  main 
bases  are  Karachi,  Bombay,  Madras,  and  Calcutta. 

According  to  a  U.S.  Navy  Department  oommunique,  a  Japanese  foroe 


consisting  of  several  battleships  and  cruisers  was  attacked  on 


-243- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


SO  Sep.   1942 


14  Sep.  northeast  of  Tulagi  by  heavy  U.S.  bombers  which  ran  into 
strong  anti-aircraft  fire.   2  battleships  were  probably  hit. 

General  MacArthur's  headquarters  report  that  the  battle  on  Timor 
between  Australian  and  Japanese  units  is  still  going  on. 


X.   Army  Situation 

1.  Russian  Front; 

Army  Group  A; 

Enemy  landing  attempts  southwest  of  Novorossisk  are 
reported  to  have  been  repulsed  by  Rumanian  forces;  details  have  not 
yet  been  learned.   The  railroad  bridge  across  the  Terek  River  at 
Arik  was  captured  undamaged  in  a  surprise  attack.  Tne  large  dam 
east  of  Liaisky  was  captured,  too. 

Army  Group  B; 

Tne  enemy  attacked  heavily  east  of  Cnalchutea  and  gained 
some  ground.  Since  we  have  observed  preparations  for  further 
attacks,  German  reserves  are  being  brought  up.  At  the  southern 
sector  of  the  Stalingrad  front  we  foiled  enemy  attempts  to  approach 
our  lines.  A  few  fortified  blocks  were  captured  in  the  city  after 
bitter  fighting.   Enemy  attacks  southeast  of  Kotluban  were  repulsed 
At  the  penetration  point  northeast  of  Borodkin  the  enemy  attacked 
with  strong  infantry  and  tank  forces;  the  action  is  still  in 
progress.  2  villages  in  the  Don  River  bend  northwest  of  Kachlinska 
were  captured  by  the  enemy.   Our  counterattack  failed.   4  enemy 
attacks  on  tne  left  wing  of  the  Voronezh  bridgehead  and  anotner 
thrust  against  the  right  wing  and  the  center  of  the  75th  Infantry 
Division  were  repulsed.  Fighting  north  of  Voronezh  continues. 

Central  Army  Group; 

An  attack  west  of  Byelev  collapsed  with  heavy  enemy  losses|. 

Northern  Army  Group; 

Partisan  bands  were  engaged  southwest  of  Kholra.  An  enemy 
attack  against  the  railway  embankment  north  of  Sychevka  was  repulsed]. 

2.  Finnish  Front; 

Strong  enemy  pressure  was  maintained  at  Maselskaya.  During 
the  night  of  17  Sep.  a  strong  Russian  detachment  landed  on  the 
southern  shore  of  Motovsky  Bay  on  the  northeastern  sector.  Our 
counterattack  forced  the  enemy  to  reembark  under  the  protection  of 
heavily  armed  ships.  Enemy  motor  launches  which  tried  to  enter 
Litsa  Bay  by  daylight  were  forced  to  withdraw  under  artillery  fire, 

3.  North  Africa; 

Normal  enemy  artillery  and  reconnaissanoe  activity. 


-244-  B-105  2 


> 


CONFIDENTIAL 
20  Sep.  1942 

The  9th  Australian  Infantry  Division,  deployed  at  the  northern  sec- 
tor of  the  El  Alanein  line,  was  relieved.   The  Italian  garrison  of 
Gialo  oasis  is  still  holding  out  and  is  supported  by  German  and 
Italian  air  forces. 

[Handwritten  note  by  the  Chief  of  Staff,  Naval  Staff  to  the  Naval 
Staff  Operations  Branch,  Mine  Warfare  and  Ant  i -Submarine  section: 

Referring  to  paragraph  IV  (Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic 
Sea)  about  protective  equipment  against  acoustic  mines:   This  is 
not  true.   It  may  be,  however,  that  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers, 
Baltic  Sea  failed  to  order  adequate  equipment  in  time  and  to  for- 
ward it  to  the  threatened  areas  and  also  neglected  to  train  per- 
sonnel. 

Signed:   Fricke,  Chief  of  Staff,  Naval  Staff,  27  Sep, 

This  has  been  settled.   See  War  Diary  24  Sep.  1942, 
paragraph  IV. 


29  Sep.  1942] 


^;.^;..;;..;;_;;_;;_;;j;_«_;;_»;„;;.^;_;;„;;„;;.-;;_;;_;;..;;. 


I 


-245"  B-105  2 


SOHFIDEMTIAL 


21  Sep.  1S42 


Items  of  Political  Importance 

U.S.A. : 

Secretary  of  the  Navy  Knox  also  made  the  following  statements: 

At  the  present  time  the  submarine  threat  is  the  most  difficult  problem 
for  the  U.S.A.   It  affects  in  particular  the  decision  regarding  the 
establishment  of  a  second  European  front,  the  date  for  the  beginning 
of  a  large-scale  count eroffensive  in  the  western  Pacific,  and  the 
oroblerr  of  supplying  war  material  to  the  Russian  Army.   The  battle 
against  the  submarines  will  be  long  and  hard.   On  the  other  hand,  it 
is  fortunate  that  the  Axis  Powers  are  losing  their  air  superiority 
more  and  core.   For  their  victories  in  Russia  the  Germans  had  to  pay 
a  orice  out  of  proportion  with  the  result.   The  German  and  Italian 
Uavies  are  on  the  defensive  in  all  theaters  of  war.   The  German  sub- 
marines have  been  driven  from  the  British  home  waters  and  from  the 
U.S.  Atlantic  coast. 

Great  Britain: 

According  to  Reuter,  the  First  Lord  of  the  Admiralty  announced  that 
within  the  last  2  1/4  years  it  has  been  possible  to  make  uo  for  the 
lose  of  battleships,  aircraft  carriers  and  cruisers  and  to  more  than 
replace  the  very  great  loss  of  destroyers.  In  addition,  a  fleet  of 
corvettes  and  of  hundreds  of  small  landing  craft  has  been  newly  created, 
At  some  future  date  it  will  be  said  that  once  again  the  fleet  6aved 
Great  Britain  from  her  greatest  ordeal. 

In  a  radio  address  to  the  American  people  Lord  Halifax  pointed  out  that 
the  British  nation  has  undergone  an  important  change  of  mind.   The 
passive  attitude  that  everything  depended  on  the  ability  to  hold  out  has 
been  replaced  by  the  recognition  that  it  is  necessary  to  strike  at  the 
enemy  in  order  to  win  the  war.   The  tremendous  fanaticism  fostered  by 
National  Socialism  must  be  countered  by  a  firm  belief  in  democratic 
ideals. 

Finland: 

The  Finnish  Envoy  to  Washington  officially  confirms  the  rumors  that 
Finland  has  a6ked  for  a  separate  peace.   Similar  statements  were  made 
also  by  other  diplomatic  missions.   According  to  Reuter,  Secretary  of 
State  Hull  is  said  to  have  declared  that  the  U.S.  Government  has  been 
inferred  about  the  Finnish  willingness  to  conclude  a  separate  peace. 

Bulgaria: 

On  16  Sep.  the  Prime  Minister  lodged  a  protest  with  the  Russian  Embassy 
at  Sofia  against  the  bombing  of  Bulgarian  towns  by  Russian  planes. 

Argentina: 

The  German  Embassy  in  a  statement  to  the  press  denies  the  accusations 
against  the  German  Naval  Attache  which  were  made  by  the  investigating 
committee  and  declared  that  the  Attache  had  no  connection  whatsoever 
with  the  escape  of  officers  and  crew  members  of  the  pocket  battleship 

ADMIRAL  GRAF  SFEE. 


-246-  B-105  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 
21  Sep.  1942 

Special  Items 

I.  A  directive  has  been  issued  to  the  Naval  Quartermaster  Division 
in  order  to  comply  with  the  Fuehrer's  wish  that  the  Navy  use  all 
available  ships  in  Norway  during  the  coming  winter  season. 

For  copy  see  1/Skl  I  op  1829/42  Gkdos.  Chefs,  in  War  Diary,  Part  C, 
Vol.  Ha. 

II.  The  British  Admiralty  and  Air  Ministry  reported  that  more  than 
100,000  mines  have  been  laid  in  enemy  waters  since  the  beginning  of 
the  war;  they  were  laid  in  the  Baltic  Sea,  in  the  Kiel  Canal  and  off 
the  French  Atlantic  coast.   Surface  forces  and  submarines  laid  mines 
on  all  shipping  routes  from  Norway  to  the  French  Atlantic  coast.   The 
mine-laying  offensive  has  been  stepped  up  during  the  last  6  months. 

III.  The  Wilhelmshaven  Intelligence  Center  reported  on  the  questioning 
of  crew  members  from  the  British  steamers  EARL ST ON  and  CARLTON  which 
were  sunk  during  the  operation  against  convoy  PQ  17.   The  report  con- 
tains valuable  information  about  enemy  ship  losses  and  enemy  merchant 
shipping  in  general.   For  copies  see  l/Skl  31673/42  geh.  and  31675/42 
geh.  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XI. 

Another  interrogation  report  of  the  same  agency  contains  interesting 
statements  of  crew  members  of  motor  gunboat  "335",  captured  on  12  Sep. 
about  the  organization  and  operations  of  British  gunboats  in  the 
Channel.   For  copies  see  1/Skl  31674  and  31676/42  geh.  in  War  Diary, 
Part  C,  Vol.  lib. 


Situation  21  Sep.  194S 

I.   War  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 
Nothing  to  report, 

2.  Own  Situation; 

At  2037  ship  "23"  reported:   "Equipped  for  5  months;  fuel 
supply  sufficient  for  12  weeks;  expecting  depot  or  supply  ship  on  15 
Nov." 

Receipt  of  the  message  by  the  Naval  Staff  is  confirmed  by  Radiogram 
2219. 

By  Radiogram  0636  the  Naval  Staff  informs  the  CHARLOTTE  SCHLISMANN  of 
the  sailing  instructions  cabled  by  the  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  for  the 
voyage  to  Singapore.   The  ship  is  to  proceed  from  Singapore  to 
Yokohama . 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  is  notified  that  the  Naval  Staff  expects  the 
CHARLOTTE  SCHLIEMANN  to  reach  the  Sunda  Strait  around  26  Sep.   The 
Attache  is  requested  to  report  at  his  convenience  when  and  to  whom  the 
mines  and  torpedoes  from  the  DOGGERBANK  were  delivered.   (See  Telegram 
1540.) 

Enemy  situation  report  to  allaMps  in  forelgn_wnt.flrn  by  Radiograms  

1331  and  2000. 

-2*7- 

" '  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
21  Sep.  1942 

The  Naval  Staff  issued  operations  order  l/Skl  Ik  1777/42  Gkdos.  Chefs. 
to  ship  "45"  on  18  Sep.   The  ship  is  to  carry  on  cruiser  warfare  in 
foreign  waters;  the  most  important  object  is  to  tie  up  enemy  naval 
forces  and  to  inflict  damage  to  the  enemy: 

a)  by  forcing  him  to  organize  convoys  and  to  reinforce  the  pro- 
tection of  shipping  also  in  remote  waters; 

b)  by  increasing  the  demands  made  on  his  naval  forces; 

c)  by  deterring  neutral  ships  from  carrying  goods  for  the  enemy; 

d)  by  other  unfavorable  effects  of  mercantile  and  financial 
nature. 

Copy  no.  8  of  the  order  is  filed  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  I. 

Also  on  18  Sep.,  the  sailing  orders  for  the  ELSA  ESSBERGER  and  the 
A:iNELIESE  ESSBERGER  were  forwarded  to  Group  West.   These  orders  are 
identical  with  those  issued  to  blockade-runners  heretofore.   For  en- 
closures regarding  routes,  reference  and  rendezvous  points  see  l/Skl 
IK  1822/42  Gkdos.  Chefs.  (Copy  no.  4)  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  I. 


II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation; 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast: 

The  roadstead  and  harbor  of  La  Pallice  which  were  closed  to 
shipping  the  evening  of  20  Sep.  were  reopened.   A  ground  mine  was 
swept  off  La  Rochelle  and  3  mine  explosions  were  observed  off  lie  de 
Groix. 

Channel  Coast: 


lost. 


Steamer  DIAMANT  (780  GRT )  ran  aground  near  Jersey  and  was 
Special  Item: 


The  Commander,  Destroyers  reports  the  final  list  of  ships 
assigned  to  escort  ship  "45n:   Torpedo  boat  T  "23"  with  the  commander 
of  the  5th  Motor  Mine  Sweeper  Flotilla  aboard,  torpedo  boat  T  "22", 
the  JAGUAR,  and  if  necessary  the  FALKE.   These  ships  can  arrive  at 
Cuxhaven  in  the  forenoon  of  6  Oct.  at  the  earliest. 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.   North  Sea: 

-Enemy-Sltuat  lon^t 

Nothing  to  report. 

-248-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
21  Sep.  1942 

Own  Situation; 

4  ground  mines  were  swept  in  the  area  of  the  Commanding 
Admiral,  Defenses,  North.   Mine  Sweeper  M  "3412"  was  strafed  by  enemy 
planes  west  of  Scheveningen  at  1730  and  suffered  slight  casualties. 
Patrol  operations  were  curtailed  due  to  bad  weather. 

2.  Norway ; 

A  Russian  battery  on  Rybachi  Peninsula  fired  108  shots  at  an 
eastbound  convoy  on  20  Sep.  without  causing  damage,  and  on  21  Sep.  10 
shots  at  Petsamo  harbor,  causing  minor  damage.   19  shots  were  fired  by 
us  in  reply. 

The  electric  power  plant  in  the  Glom  Fjord  was  destroyed  by  sabotage. 

On  20  Sep.  there  was  slight  enemy  air  activity  in  the  western  coastal 
area. 

Regarding  a  planned  minefield  off  the  west  coast  in  the  Lister  area  sae 
Telegram  1915. 

On  the  basis  of  a  request  by  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway,  the  Naval 
Staff  inquires  how  many  artillery  barges  have  been  asked  fcr  use  as 
gun  carriers  and  how  many  as  anti-aircraft  carriers.   The  suggestion 
made  at  the  same  time  that  naval  barges  be  converted  into  floating 
torpedo  batteries  is  still  being  investigated.   Since  artillery  barges 
can  be  used  as  transports  only  to  a  limited  extent,  the  Commanding  Ad- 
miral, Norway  can  expect  to  get  a  number  of  additional  naval  barges 
for  transport  purposes  soon. 

3.  Arctic  Ocean: 

Enemy  Situation: 

London  claims  that  the  losses  of  convoy  PQ  18  announced  in 
the  German  Armed  Forces  communique  are  grossly  exaggerated. 

According  to  the  radio  intercept  service,  convoy  PQ  18  consisting  of  2|B 
merchant  and  22  escort  vessels,  passed  Kanin  Nos  at  noon.  At  this 
time  and  later,  air  attacks  and  hits  on  the  convoy  were  observed.   It 
can  thus  be  assumed  that  the  successes  against  PQ  18  which  the  5th  Air 
Force  reported  for  18  Sep.  were  achieved  only  while  the  convoy  was 
passing  Kanin  Nos  or  thereafter.   If  actually  6  merchant  vessels  were 
definitely  and  2  more  were  probably  sunk  as  reported,  according  to  the 
information  available  to  the  Naval  Staff,  20  or  at  the  most  23  merchant 
vessels  may  be  assumed  to  have  been  destroyed,  including  those  probably 
sunk.  Air  and  photo  reconnaissance  at  0800  established  a  group  of  20 
merchant  ships  and  6  escort  vessels  proceeding  on  a  southerly  course 
at  low  speed  directly  off  Archangel  and  another  merchant  ship  somewhat 
behind  them.   These  ships  probably  represent  the  part  of  PQ  18  which 
succeeded  in  reaching  Archangel.   There  may  be  a  few  more  stragglers. 
The  Armed  Forces  High  Command  communique  of  20  Sep.  mentions  a  total 
of  38  merchant  vessels  sunk,  however.  The  Naval  Staff  believes  it 
necessary  to  investigate  this  discrepancy. 

Own  Situation; 

Operation  against  convoy  QP  14: 

Guided  by  air  reconnaissance,  our  submarines  establl shed 


"2*9"  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
21  Sep.  1942 

contact  with  QP  14  around  noon  In  quadrant  AB  4115  and  were  able  to 
maintain  contact  until  2200,  at  which  time  the  convoy  was  in  quadrant 
AA  6921.   No  successes  have  been  reported.   Submarine  U  "606"  fired  at 
a  Consolidated  plane,  forcing  it  to  make  an  emergency  landing. 

In  Its  comment  on  the  brief  report  of  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  on  the 
operation  against  convoy  PQ  18,  Group  North  states  that  our  submarine 
operations  were  handicapped  by  the  strong  air  and  destroyer  escorts 
as  well  as  by  the  well  disciplined  behavior  of  the  convoy  and  the 
efficient  manner  in  which  it  was  handled.   These  facts  accounted  for 
the  absence  of  damaged  ships  and  stragglers,  against  which  submarine 
attacks  proved  so  successful  in  the  case  of  convoy  PQ  17.   For  a  copy 
of  this  comment  see  l/Skl  23457/42  Gkdos.  in  file  "Eispalast". 

Group  North  asks  permission  for  mine  operation  "Meisenbalz"  to  be 
carried  out  by  the  HIPPER  alone,  without  the  KOELN. 

Group  North's  plan  to  have  submarine  U  "117"  lay  a  tactical  barrage 
meets  with  the  approval  of  the  Naval  Staff.   The  Naval  Staff  must>  re- 
serve its  decision,  however,  on  account  of  mine-laying  operations  in 
the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  which  may  be  more  im- 
portant.  Moreover,  Group  North's  plan  cannot  be  carried  out  at 
present  because  the  clockwork  arming  switches  (UES)  must  be  set  for  at 
least  3  hours,  since  the  mines  cannot  be  guaranteed  to  function 
properly  sooner  due  to  oscillation  after  they  are  moored. 

For  possible  future  submarine  mine-laying  operations  in  the  area  of 
Group  North  following  the  return  of  submarine  U  "117",  132  SMA  mines 
equipped  with  safety  and  timing  mechanisms  are  allocated  with  the 
designation  "Bruno  V".   Details  are  to  be  worked  out  directly  between 
the  Group  and  the  Mining  and  Barrage  Inspectorate.   The  Naval  Ordnance 
Division,  Underwater  Obstacles  Branch,  is  instructed  accordingly  and 
requested  to  examine  immediately  whether  and  by  how  much  the  minimum 
3  hour  delay  mentioned  above  can  be  reduced,  and  what  disadvantages 
might  result. 


IV.    Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

The  effects  of  the  enemy's  mine  offensive  of  19  Sep.  and  the  use 
of  acoustic  mines  has  had  other  effects:  A  British  acoustic  aerial 
mine  was  detonated  by  a  seaplane  taking  off  from  the  Copenhagen  Air 
Force  Station.   4  more  acoustic  mines  were  swept  in  the  Pommersche  Bucht 
partly  by  means  of  towed  coil  gear  and  partly  by  vibration.  A  dredge 
was  sunk  off  Gdynia  due  to  an  explosion.   Submarine  U  "446"  sank  In 
the  southern  gap  of  the  Danzig  minefield  after  her  stern  struck  a 
mine.   18  men  of  the  crew  were  rescued,  the  captain  is  missing.  An 
unidentified  Danish  motor  trawler  struck  a  mine  and  sank.   There  were 
no  survivors.  Another  4  mines  were  swept  north  of  Swinemuende  and 
southeast  of  Rixhoeft. 

Another  incursion  by  enemy  planes  took  place  at  the  Baltic  Sea 
entrances  during  the  night  of  21  Sep.;  mine-laying  is  suspected. 

The  Air  Force  General  Staff  telephoned  that  tanker  MITTELMEER  (6,370 
GRT)  with  850  tons  of  aviation  gasoline  for  the  5th  Air  Force  has  been 
ready  to  sail  at  Libau  since  13  Sep.   Since  the  convoy  had  not  been  re- 
ported to  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic  Sea  or  to  Group  North, 
the  tanker  must  now  wait,  because  of  the  lack  of  escort  vessels, for  the 
next  convoy  of  hospital  ships  for  Finland  which  will  sail  in 


-250-  B"1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


21  Sep.  1942 


approximately  10  days.   The  blame  for  this  delay  rests  exclusively  with 
the  Air  Force,  which  failed  to  report  in  time. 

Operations  of  light  forces  in  the  area  of  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers, 
Baltic  Sea  continued  to  be  affected  by  bad  weather. 

Convoy  service:   a  supply  transport  from  Libau  to  Reval  had  to  be 
cancelled  due  to  the  breakdown  of  an  escort  vessel.   A  southbound  con- 
voy had  to  put  into  Libau  temporarily  due  to  closing  of  the  Neu- 
fahrwasser  area;  on  this  occasion  steamer  I.IOLTKEFELS  ran  aground.   A 
Russian  patrol  boat  was  observed  sinking  off  Nargen  on  20  Sep., 
probably  duo  to  a  mine. 


V.    Merchant  Shipping 

Ore  shipments  from  Lulea  during  the  week  of  23  to  29  Aug.  in- 
creased over  those  of  the  preceding  week  by  44,000  tons,  since  larger 
German  vessels  were  used.   45  ships,  including  7  German  and  31  Swedish 
vessels,  were  loaded.   Total  shipments  during  this  season  amounted  to 
1,930,225.5  tons  up  to  31  Aug.,  which  is  approximately  200  tons  less 
than  last  year. 

Harbor  traffic  at  Freetown  increased  in  July  and  August  in  tonnage  as 
v/ell  as  in  number  of  ships. 

The  Government  of  Brazil  ordered  the  nationalization  of  the  entire 
merchant  marine,  of  all  shipyards,  and  oil  refineries. 

For  more  news  about  foreign  merchant  shipping  see  Brief  Report  No. 
31/42  of  the  Naval  Staff  Intelligence  Division,  Foreign  Merchant 
Marine  Branch. 


VI.   Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation; 

Lively  reconnaissance  activity  in  the  southern  rendezvous 
area.   A  submarine  attack  was  reported  approximately  80  miles  south  of 
Halifax.   Freetown  rebroadcast  a  submarine  warning  signal  originating 
about  45  miles  north  of  Ascension. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

2  more  submarines  are  en  route  to  the  zone  of  operations. 

Regarding  operation  against  convoy  QP  14  see  Own  Situation,  Arctic  Ocean, 

Operations  against  the  convoy  in  quadrant  AK  were  seriously  hampered 
by  unfavorable  weather  in  the  North  Atlantic.  Reports  from  submarines 
assert  that  offensive  action  is  impossible.   Since  the  weather  is  ex- 
pected to  improve,  the  operation  is  continued. 

Group  "Vorwaerts"  placed  7  submarines  on  patrol  line  from  quadrant  BC 
3143  to  BC  3851,  where  a  westbound  convoy  is  anticipated  for  23  Sep. 

Submarine  U  n175"  reports  from  the  West  Indies  sinking  a  6,000  GRT 

-251-  B-1052 


CGWFTIKTlAl 
21  Sep.  1942 

stear.er  In  quadrant  EG  1865. 

Submarine  U  "SSI"  sank  a  500  ton  sailing  vessel  in  the  eastern  Medi- 
terranean. 

For  further  developments  see  supplement  to  submarine  situation  ir  Vi'ar 
liar~,  Part  P.,  Vol".  IV. 

the   German  Armistice  Commission  reports  that  gunboat  BOilOOT  DICRVI11Z 
took  over  42  survivors  from  the  Italian  submarine  and  is  continuing 
the  search.   The  French  request  that  Axis  submarines  be  notified  of 
this.   This  request  will  be  complied  with. 


VII.  Aerial  ".Varfare 

Ryitlsh    T«ile<!    and    vJ~J-J — • 

Reconnai5sar.ce  flights    and  fighter  bomber  attacks   on  Bexhill 
took  place   during   the   day. 

2.  Incursicr.s  : 

11   enemy  planes   flew   over  the  Baltic   Sea   entrances,    1  plane 
into  the  Heligoland  area,    evidently  :cr   Bine-laying. 

3.  Mediterranean  Theater: 

Lng  to  report . 

4  .    Fast  err.  Front  : 

?keconnaissar.ce  activity  over  the  Black  Sea,  the  Caspian  Sea, 
and  the  Arctic  Ocean.  For  details  see  daily  situation  report.  For 
operations  against  convoys  QP  14  and  PQ,  18  see  Situation  Arctic  Ocean. 


"111.  V.arfare  ir  the  veiit  err ar.ear.  _- . .-.  i  the  rla:>  Sea 

1.    Srer.y  Siv-a:::.-,  heiit  errare  :.r. : 

There  is  nothing  to  report  about  the  naval  situation  in  the 
western  Mediterranean.   119  aircra:"-     a  observed  in  the  harbor  and  tr. 
the  airfield  of  Gibraltar.   This  ver      .-iiera'cle  r.urher  of  planes 
makes  it  appear  likely  that  the  air  f  tree  units  on  Malta  are  to  be 
reinforced.   2  sutr.arir.es   ere  si.thtei  ir.  the  cer.tral  Mediterranean 
off  Brirdisi  and  Hagusa.   Photo  reconnaissance  of  Alexandria  revealed 
nothing  of  importance  in  the  eastern  ~    i  -h-erlnea  were 

sighted  from  the  coast  proceeding  on  a  westerly  course  north  of  Crete* 

2.    Own  bituaticn,  he  chit  err  an  ear. : 

2  Italian  PT  boats  in  waiting  position  in  the  Strait  of 
Sicily  were  repeatedly  attacked  by  enemy  planes  in  the  evening  of  19 
Sep.;  one  boat  was  sunk. 

Enemy  planes  raided  Tobruk  during  the  night  of  2C  Sep.;  one  of  the 

attackers  was  shot  down. 


-252- 


CONFIDENTIAL; 
21  Sep.  1942 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines,  the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  arid 
the  Commander,  Submarines,  Italy  are  explicitly  informed  by  the  Naval 
Staff  (with  copy  to  the  Naval  Representative  on  the  Operations  Staff, 
Armed  Forces  High  Command)  that  neither  Italian  commands  nor  the 
Italian  Liaison  Officer  to  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  are  to 
be  informed  of  the  planned  transfer  of  German  submarines,  because  ut- 
most secrecy  is  absolutely  essential. 

On  request  of  the  Naval  Representative  on  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command, 
Operations  Staff,  the  Naval  Staff  asked  the  Italian  High  Command  for 
its  position  with  regard  to  retaliatory  measures  for  the  sinking  of 
the  Italian  hospital  ship  ARNO.   The  Italian  High  Command  considers  it 
unwise  to  take  such  steps  against  British  hospital  ships  in  the  Medi- 
terranean, since  their  activity  is   very  limited  and  unimportant.  On 
the  other  hand,  Germany  and  Italy  have  a  moral  obligation  to  ship  theifr 
wounded  and  sick  out  of  Africa  without  interference,  and  this  is  also 
necessary  for  reasons  of  supply. 

The  Italian  attitude,  which  corresponds  to  that  of  the  Naval  Staff,  is 
submitted  to  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command.  (See  Telegram  1055.) 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa: 

The  attacks  on  the  escorted  steamers  MONGINEVRO  and  APUANIA 
during  the  night  of  19  Sep.  were  unsuccessful  and  the  ships  reached 
Benghazi  undamaged.   Steamer  SATURNO  was  not  attacked  by  enemy  planes 
during  the  night  of  19  Sep.  as  erroneously  reported,  but  is  proceed- 
ing to  Cagliari  on  schedule.   The  steamer  CASTORE  which  ran  aground  on 
17  Sep.  was  refloated  and  is  en  route  to  Tripoli.   Steamer  PALOMBA 
(1,110  GRT),  proceeding  from  Palermo  to  Tripoli,  ran  aground  in  the 
northern  part  of  Hammamet  Bay.   Auxiliary  sailing  vessel  EVA IIGELI STRIA 
sank  on  10  Sep.  in  Bomba  Bay  for  unknown  reasons.   140  ton3  of  German 
cargo  were  salvaged.   Supply  and  coastal  traffic  otherwise  according 
to  plan. 

4.  Area  Naval  Group  South: 
Aegean  Sea: 

Nothing  to  report. 

Special  Item: 

The  Fuehrer  ordered  that  first  of  all  the  personnel  required 
to  reinforce  the  Crete  defenses  be  shipped  there  as  quickly  as  possible 
and  with  only  the  most  essential  equipment.   Transport  planes  are  to 
be  assigned  for  this  purpose.   The  Commanding  General,  Armed  Forces, 
Southeast  was  ordered  by  the  Operations  Staff,  Armed  Forces  High  Com- 
mand to  submit  a  proposal  for  the  priority  to  be  accorded  to  shipments 
of  the  remaining  equipment  and  personnel.   Exactly  what  ships  will  be 
available  for  these  transports  cannot  yet  be  foreseen.   The  Operations 
Staff,  Armed  Forces  High  Command  will  report  on  this  matter  following 
clarification  of  the  amount  of  tonnage,  particularly  French  tonnage, 
which  will  be  available.   (See  Telegram  1410.) 

Black  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation; 

According  to  air  reconnaissance  on  20  and  21  Sep.,  lively 
steamer  traffic  was  observed  on  the  east  coast  to  and  from  Tuapse; 

B-1052 

-853- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


21  Sep.  1942 


night  traffic  has  apparently  been  resumed.   For  details  see  Aerial 
Warfare • 

Own  Situation: 

5  Italian  submarines  arrived  at  Ochakov  from  Sulina  on  20 
Sep.   A  bomb  attack  on  an  enemy  submarine  off  Cape  Sarych  was  up- 
successful.  A  landing  attempt  by  Russian  FT  boats  and  subchasers  north- 
west of  Novorossisk  during  the  night  of  20  Sep.  was  repulsed  by  2 
vessels  of  the  Neumann  group.   Casualties  were  light.   5  small  enemy 
ships  were  fired  upon  by  a  land-based  battery  in  Ivanbaba  Bay  during 
•the  night  of  19  Sep.   Balaklava,  Yalta,  Ivanbaba,  Feodosiya,  and  Kerch 
were  repeatedly  raided  by  enemy  planes.   The  small  tanker  M03ELLA  was 
damaged  at  Balaklava.   The  front  end  of  the  stone  pier  at  Anapa  was 
destroyed.   The  wooden  pier  is  unfit  for  use.   All  roads  in  the  harbor 
of  Novorossisk  are  open  to  enemy  observation  and  fire. 

Convoy  operations  in  the  Black  Sea  proceeded  according  to  plan  and 
without  interference. 


IX.   Situation  East  Asia 
Nothing  to  report. 


X.   Army  Situation 

1.   Russian  Front; 

Army  Group  A; 

11  enemy  air  attacks  were  made  on  Kerch.   The  remnants  from 
the  landing  attempt  southwest  of  Novorossisk  were  mopped  up  completely. 
At  the  Terek  front  we  captured  the  railroad  station  of  Baksan.   In 
addition  we  captured  4  small  villages.   All  enemy  attacks  against  the 
eastern  flank  of  the  13th  Panzer  Division  were  repulsed. 

Army  Group  B; 

At  Chalchutea  the  enemy  withdrew  to  his  original  fortified 
field  positions.   The  battle  for  Stalingrad  continues  with  undiminished 
tenacity.   Enemy  attacks  on  the  northern  sector  between  the  Volga  and 
Don  Rivers  became  weaker.   A  tank-supported  penetration  at  the  Kotluban 
railway  station  was  repulsed  and  another  attack  halted.   Our  counter- 
attacking forces  west  of  Kachalinskaya  gained  ground  in  an  easterly 
direction.   Russian  attacks  in  the  Don  River  bend  were  repulsed.   Enemy 
attempts  to  cross  the  Don  at  Kazanckaya  on  the  Italian  sector  were 
frustrated.  An  enemy  attack  in  the  Don  River  bend  north  of  Voronezh 
collapsed.   A  new  attack  supported  by  42  tanks  is  in  progress.   Enemy 
forces  which  penetrated  into  our  line  south  of  Yelets  were  thrown  backT 

Central  Army  Group: 

Renewed  enemy  attacks  in  the  Rzhev  area  were  repulsed.  Tanks 
which  had  succeeded  in  penetrating  our  lines  were  either  destroyed  or 
driven  off.  An  enemy  attack  along  the  road  from  Zubtsov  to  Rzhev  gained 


-254- 

"'  B-1052 


> 


CONFIDENTIAL 
21  Sep.  1942 

ground  In  a  northwesterly  direction.   The  situation  is  not  yet  clari- 
fied.  Local  reserves  were  thrown  into  battle.   The  enemy  succeeded  in, 
penetrating  into  the  city  park  of  Rzhev  but  was  almost  completely 
thrown  back  again.   For  the  first  time  after  a  long  silence  heavy 
enemy  gunfire  flared  up  north  of  Deraidov. 

Northern  Army  Group; 

Forces  of  the  11th  Army  attacked  Gaitolovo.   The  enemy  is 
offering  stubborn  resistance.   The  Chernaya  River  was  crossed.   North- 
west of  Gaitolovo  we  broke  into  the  enemy  position  and  repulsed  enemy 
counterattacks . 

2.  Finnish  Front: 

The  Svirstroi  power  plant  is  under  fire  from  heavy  enemy  guns 
Enemy  attacks  at  Maselskaya  were  repulsed  by  counterattacks.   At  the 
northern  flank  of  the  northeastern  sector  a  battle  is  in  progress  with 
enemy  forces  of  batallion  strength.   A  renewed  landing  attempt  of  2 
cutters  was  frustrated.   Lively  shipping  was  observed  in  Motovsky  Bay. 

The  sabotage  act  against  the  Glom  Fjord  power  plant  during  the  night 
of  20  Sep.  was  executed  by  6  Englishmen  and  1  Norwegian  who  probably 
landed  from  a  plane;  all  of  them  were  captured. 

3.  North  Africa: 

Slight  enemy  artillery  and  reconnaissance  activity. 

BMHHM9iHtttMHMHBBBItHMHMttH»H 


> 


-855- 


B-1052 


22.  Se    .    1   . 

Ite.-.s    ::     Jclitical    -  - •" : ,g 

Russia.-,   st    te-er.ts    have  en  heard   ni:  the    .eneral  dis- 

suasion  about  a   seccr.d   European   front,    to  the  effect   that   3reat 

zrltair.   needs    3    seccr.i    front   m  Sovie  5ia;    only   in   this 

a      :a-    Lermar.p    :  -    "-'=ver.:e:    :r.:   :  :r.  re:-.-:  ra  tl  a  ~   r.?r    ::r:es    on 

3n   the  basis  of  ]  bington   military  experts,    the 

VI:. ".7    leler:  Lee    11  the    rrrcle-    ol    the   Zritish- 

american   invasion   c;    Europe  ~   would  e    an  e  st  I  ]   one 

million  aien.      Ihe    present   British   air  superi  is   not  yet 

sufficient  for    an  invasion,    bs    ::ially  since   it   must    be    expected 
that    Sermany  will  concentrate   b         Lir  Force   inwest-rr.   Bur  ope, 
once   the    Eastern  Front  has  tee-,   stabilised*      It   will  take   several 

t  .5    -::  e    for   American  air  forces    to  become    effective.   A  basic 
improvement    in    the    maritime    transport   sit    at]  :r.   is    also  c:r.=  iiered 
necessary. 

Ihe  new   Japanese   Foreign   I  inister   and    tiie   spokesman    ::    the    general 
Staff    issaei   si  all    .       tate    er.te    ; : :  at   the  relations   between   Japan 
ar.a   Bnaaia  to  which,    ace:    ling   tc  press   reports  from  Shanghai,    treat 
importance  must  be  attributed.      Both  emphasised  in   surprisingly 
similar  -    tiiat    the   relations   between   Japan  and  the  Soviet 

Union  will  remain  unchanged,    as    l:r. _-  as    Prussia   adheres    strictly 
to  the   existing    pact, 

attention   and   com  er.t   was   arouse-    by  the    statements 
of  "1        1  Lnnlsh  Envoy  at  Vashlngton  about   a  separate   peace.      Official 
Lei  :    circles    are   net    pet    in   possession   of    the    text   of    the 

declaration  allereil  e    st    ;,  as  hi  n;  ten,   but   believe   it    out    of 

the   question  that    the   Envoy  st  bout   Z- inland's    desire  to 

::  .  :1    _r    a    separate    :e-:e   with    :he    S:riet    Vnicn. 


Special   Items  ; 

I.  It  was    learned  from  the   Air  Force   General   attached   to  the 
idei   In    Shief,  that   the   aircraft    tender    ::mpleted 

-7   the    Rotterdam  E  inand  and  the   one    still   under   construction 

are  to  be    transferred  tc    :  r,   according   to  a  decision 

by   the    .  onmander   In  f,   Air  Force. 

II.  The    Japanese    Liaison    Officer   reportei    :.-.    LI   Set.   that 
";.irs:h:  laete"   has    roc    lee   the  turn  voyage   and 
entered   the   Indian  Ocean.      On   this    occasion  he   expressed   once 
more   the    the  tks   of  the   Japanese      aval  Mission  in  Germany  for   the 
cordial   reception   a::  ;rde  i   to   the   Japanese   Submarine. 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
22  Sep.    lQl+2 

Situation  22   Sep.    I9I+2 

I.        War   in  Foreign  Yaaters 

1,  Enemy  Situation: 

South  Atlantic: 

It  is  learned  belatedly  from  the  statements  made  by  the 
captain  of  a  ship  sunk  by  a  submarine  in  June  that  enemy  ships 
sailing  to  the  South  Atlantic  received  a  written  warning  to 
watch  for  German  whaling  ships  in  the  South  Atlantic.   Our  whalers 
are  considered  to  be  scout  ships. 

According  to  an  intelligence  report,  U.S.  and  British  troops  of 
all  service  branches  are  said  to  be  concentrated  at  Bomba  Mtali 
and  Leopo.ldville  to  be  flown  from  the  latter  place  to  the  Mediter- 
ranean front  in  large  U.S.  transport  planes. 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Portugal,  the  British 
cable -layer  MIRROR  arrived  at  Ponta  Delgada  on  20  Sep.,  followed 
on  21  Sep.  by  the  British  mine  sweeper  "103",  both  for  provision- 
ing on  their  way  to  England. 

Indian  Ocean: 

—  » 

It   is   reported  from  Lourenc  o  Marques   that    on   18  Sep. 
a   large   convoy  destined  for   a  northern   port  dropped  anchor   there. 
The  U~.S.   steamer   PAUL  LUCKENBACH  reported   on  21  Sep.   that   she 
was    torpedoed  at    the  exit   of  the  Strait   of   Aden  and  was   continuing 
her  voyage   slowly. 

As   reported  by  the  German   Armistice   Commission,    the   British 
forces   slowly  advancing   on  Madagascar  have   not   yet  made  contact 
with  the   French  defense  forces  at  Tananarive.      It   is    learned 
that    strong  British  forces   are  being  massed  at 'Brickaville    (90  km 
south-30uthwest    of   Tamatave).     The   island  population   Is   said  to  be 
undisturbed  and  to  cooperate  without    reservation  in   the   defense 
of   the   island. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Ship   "28"   Is    informed  by   Radiogram  2213    of    the   award 
of  additional  medals    In  recognition   of   the   recently   reported 
successes . 

All   ships    In  foreign  waters    are  notified  of  the  WESERLAuD's 
sailing    route  by   Radiogram  1314.6 • . 

See   1/Skl  I  k  23279 /\\Z  Gkdos    for   instructions    to  the  Fleet  Branch 
of   the  Naval  Staff    Quartermaster  Division  concerning   the   UCKERMARK 
and  the  VnESERLAND.      For  copy  see  War  Diary,    Part   C,    Vol,   I, 


II.      Situation  West  Area 

1.        Enemy  Situation: 

According    to  an   intelligence   report   received  from  Portugajl, 


_<••  B-1052 

-257- 


22   Sep.    1QI+2 

6  British  motor  torpedo  boats  were    sighted   at  noon   of    21   Sep.   6 
miles   southeast   of   Cape   St.    Vincent.      2  British  PT  boats   and  1 
corvette   passed  the   cape    on   a  northerly  course   in   the   evening. 

According   to   another   intelligence   report,   the   American  Vice   Consul 
at   Casablanca   is    said  to   have  stated   that   a    landing    and  an    offensive 
against   ^akar  from  Gambia   is    scheduled   in  about   i+  weeks,   follow- 
ing   the  termination   of   the  I.ladagascar    operation.      The   next   major 
landing    attempt    is  allegedly  planned  in  about  i|   to  6  weeks    in   the 
Gironde. 

2.        Own   Situation: 

Atlantic   Coast: 

On   the  evening    of   21  Sep.   a   slightly  damaged  Vnhitney 
plane  made   an  emergency   landing   south   of   Brest   and  was   captured. 

Submarine  U    "600"   was   slightly  damaged  by  a  mine   explosion   close 
to   the   hull   in  water   of   Jo   m.   depth,   while  training    outside   of 
the   shipping  channel  south  of   the   mouth   of   the  Gironde.      It   is 
assumed    that  the   mine   in   question  was    of   the   acoustic   type. 

Torpedo  boat  T   "13"   transferred  from  La  Pallice   to  Erest  for   engine 
repairs. 

Channel  Coast: 

7  boats    of  the   6th  PT  Boat.  Flotilla   transferred  from 
Rotterdam  to  Ijmuiden. 

The  Naval   Staff  assumes    that   the    damaged   torpeao  boat   JAGUAR  will 
be    replaced  by   the  FALKE  for   escorting   ship   "l^"*   30    that   the 
ships   assigned    to   this    mission   consist    of   torpedo  boat   T   "25" 
with   the   Comrander   of  the    5th  Torpedo  Boat  Flotilla   on  board, 
toroedo  boat   T   "22",    and   the    "FALKE". 


III.   North   Sea,   Norway,    Arctic    Ocean 

1.  North  Sea  : 

Enemy   Situation: 

Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situation; 

All  mine-sweeping   activity  had   to  be   cancelled  due  to 
bad  weather.      Convoy  service  was   affected  for  the   same    reason. 

At    ll^c   the   blast  furnace   plant    of   Ijmuiden  was   attacked  by  enemy 
planes.      Both  furnaces   were   put    out    of   commission.      At    I505 
another   attack    took  place   arainst    the    same    target  and  the   Ijmuiden 
cement  plant;    also   in   this   case   considers   le   damage  was   dene. 

2.  Norway: 

jestroyer  Z  "27"  reported  sighting  a  bubble  track  in 


-258- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


22  Sep.    I9I4.2 


* 


> 


Alta  Fjord  off  Langnesholm  at  1020.   Submarine  patrols  have  been 
reinforced. 

Enemy  air  activity  on  21  and  22  Sep.  over  the  Arctic  Coast  (Alta 
Fjord,  Kirkenes,  and  Vardoe)  and  over  Stavanger. 

3,   Arctic  Ocean; 

Enemy  Situation; 

Decoded  radio  messages  revealed  that  convoy  PQ,  18 
called  into  Gorlo  Strait  on  lS  Sep.  under  escort  of  12  planes  of 
the  95th  Naval  Air  Regiment.  At  1118  of  that  day  the  convoy 
was  sighted  from  Kanin  Nos,  at  which  time  it  was  still  under 
attack  by  German  planes.   3  single  ships,  probably  stragglers, 
were  observed  north  of  the  convoy,  one  of  which  was  burning 
while  another  one  was  sinking.  At  1200  the  convoy  was  reported 
by  the  Russian  planes  as  consisting  of  28  transports  and  22  escort 
vessels  and  its  position  was  given  as  68°  i+0  *  N,  1+2°  1+0 f  E.   It 
was  unfortunately  impossible  to  make  out  the  number  of  merchant 
vessels  reported  subsequently  at  1310,  so  that  the  result  of  our 
aerial  attacks  could  not  be  determined  precisely.   Radio  Archangel 
reported  at  1312  that  Russian  fighter  planes  had  taken  off.  At 
I62I4.  the  convoy  was  at  68°  20'  N,  I4.20  10'  E  and  at  I705  at  68° 
05'  N,  I4.2  00'  E.   On  20  Sep.  the  convoy  was  escorted  off  Archangel 
by  a  squadron  of  the  729th  Fighter  Regiment.   Radio  monitoring 
revealed  that  on  22  Sep.,  too,  fighter  planes  took  off  at  112b 
for  the  protection  of  PQ  18  which  was  at  Archangel  at  that  time. 

Own  Situation; 

Operation  against  convoy  QP  11+; 

5  submarines  maintained  uninterrupted  contact  with  the 
convoy  all  night  and  during  the  day.  The  convoy  proceeded  on 
a  southerly  course  west  of  Jan  Mayen  and  is  probably  headed  for 
the  Denmark  Strait.   It  was  last  reported  at  1959  in  quadrant 
AA  9857.  According  to  air  reconnaissance,  it  consisted  of  18 
steamers  with  3  cruisers,  I4.  destroyers,  and  10  escort  vessels. 
It  is  assumed  that  the  aircraft  carrier  was  withdrawn  from  the 
convoy  during  the  night  of  21  Sep.  following  an  attack  on  her 
by  submarine  U  "378"  at  2329  on  21  Sep.  in  quadrant  AA  69614., 
The  submarine  had  fired  a  I|.-fan  which  missed. 

The  same  submarine  missed  with  another  [(.-fan  against  a  destroyer 
in  quadrant  AA  9316  at  0I4.O5  on  22  Sep.   Submarine  U  "I4.35"  (com- 
manded by  Lt.  Strelow)  continued  the  successful  operation  begun 
on  20  Sep.  by  scoring  2  hits  on  an  auxiliary  cruiser  of  12,000 
GRT  and  3  hits  on  three  8,000  ORT  steamers  out  of  5  shots  during 
an  attack  in  quadrant  AA  9286  at  O719.  The  sinking  of  the  auxiliary 
cruiser  and  of  one  stesne™  was  seen  and  confirmed  by  hydrophone. 
Subsequently  the  spots  where  I4.  ships  had  sunk  were  observed. 
At  1022  submarine  U  "I4.08"  torpedoed  an  AFRIDI-  class  destroyer  in 
quadrant  AA  9278,  the  sinking  of  which  was  established  by 
hydrophone. 

The  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  suggests  that  the  captain  of  submarine 
U  "I4.35"  De  mentioned  by  name  in  the  coming  official  announcement 
of  the  results  of  the  operation  against  convoy  QP  II4..   The  Naval 
Staff  forwarded  this  suggestion  to  the  Executive  Office  of  the 
Commander  In  Chief,  Navy. 


/>e«  B-1052 

-259- 


confidential 

ZZ  Sep.    I9I4.2 

The    operation  continues. 

Operation    "Zarln": 

Operations  order  is  submitted  by  the  admiral,  «-rctic 
Ocean.   The  object  is  to  mine  the  area  northwest  of  Novaya  Zemiya 
by  the  HIPPER.   Aside  from  the  HIPPER,  \\   destroyers  under  the 
Commander,  5th  Destroyer  Flotilla  are  participating  in  the 
operation.   The  tactical  command  is  in  the  hands  of  the  Commanding 
Admiral,  Cruisers,  the  operational  command  in  those  of  the  Admiral, 
Arctic  Ocean.  The  barrage  order  specifies  7  barrage  sections  of 
96  type  F  standard  mines,  timei.  for  60  days  and  set  for  a  depth 
of  17  m.,  distance  between  mines  600  m.  For  the  best  location 
of  the  barrage  sections  see  copy  of  operations  order  in  Telegram 

OO37. 

The  aaval  Staff   informs   Fuehrer  Headquarters,   with   copy  to   the 
Naval  Representative    on   the   Operations   Staff,   Armed  forces  High 
Command,    of    its   intention   to  engage   the  HIPPER  in   a  mine-laying 
operation   off   the  west  coast   of   Novaya  Zemiya  following   the   ter- 
mination   of  the    operation   against   convoy  QP   ll;   and    requests 
that   this  be  brought   to   the  Fuehrer's   attention.  , 

Group  North  agreed  with    the   above   operations    order    on   condition 

that   the   operation  is   called   off   if  the    task   force   is    reported 

upon   emerging   from  the    inter-island  waters    and   if   air   reconnaissance 

spots    the  heavy  enemy  force  still  north   of   65     N.      Otherwise, 

the    open  t ion   is   to  be  carried  out.      It  vis    scheduled  to  begin 

after   2J   Sep.   following   receiot    of   permission  from  the  Naval 

Staff. 

After  Fuehrer  Headquarters   reported  that   the  Fuehrer  had  been 
notified,    permission  for   the    operation  was    given   to  Group  North 
by  the  following   telegram: 

"Permission  to   execute   mine-laying    operstion  replacing    "Zar"  by 
the   HIPPER  is   granted." 

Thereupon   the  Admiral,    Arctic    Ocean   orders    that   the   operation 
begin  at    2100   of   2J  Sep. 

Special  Item: 

Group  !.orth  has   assigned  a   submarine  for    the    transport    of   a 
weather    detachment    in  the   north   area.      Since  the  cargo  may 
also  contain   a  great   number   of  gasoline   containers    and  several 
hydrogen  cylinders,   the  Group   requests   a   decision   whether   a 
cargo   of   this    nature   is    allowed  on  board  a  submarine.    (See 
Telegram  1553  • ) 

The   Naval  Staff,    Submarine   Division   is   looking  into  the   matter. 


IV.      Skagerrak,    Baltic   Sea   Entrances,   Baltic   Sea 

2  ground  mines  were  swept  north  of  Swinemuende,  1  west  of 
Kalundborg,  5  in  the  southern  portion  of  the  Great  Belt,  and  1 
in   the   southern   part    of    Samsoe   belt.      Mine-exploding   vessels 


-26O-  B-1052 


t 


CONrlDE'.TiAL 
22  Sep.    19 i|2 

swept   6    of   them  by  means    of   cracker   equipment    (K.K.G.).      This 
proves   that   acoustic   mines   were    used  by   the    enemy  also   in  the  a-.'ea 
of  the   Comianding   Admiral,    Oeienses,   Baltic    Sea,      Otherwise 
there   is   nothing   to  report   from  the   areas    of   the   Commanding 
Admiral,    Defenses,    Ealtic   Sea  and  the   Commander,   I.'ine   Sweepers, 
Baltic   Sea. 


V.        Merchant   Shipping 


In  a  conference   at  the  Baltic  Naval  Station  between  represent' 
atives    of   the    Reich  Commissioner   of   Maritime   Shipping,    tne  Naval 
Staff,    Operations   Division  and  the   Baltic   I^aval   Station  it    was 
st-ited   once  more   that   even   the   slightest  decrease   of  the    Swedish 
ore    supply  is   intolerable   in  view   of    the   short   time   during   which 
shipping     is      still   possible.      It   is    considered  necessary   to 
lift    all  restrictions    immediately.  '  The  Naval   Staff   therefore 
advised    -roup  llorth   (copy    to  Baltic    Naval   Station   and  Commander, 

tl.iine   Sweepers,   Baltic    Sea)    supplementing  the   directive   of   19   Sep. 
that   the    Reich   Commissioner   of   Liaritime   Shipping      also  considers 
'intolerable   anything    that   vvould   interfere   with  any  Swedish   ore 
shipments.      The   Naval   Staff    therefore    requests  Group  North  to 
see   that   all  such  restrictions  be    lifted  at    once. 


VI.      Submarine   warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

According   to  radio   intelligence,    the  Norwegian   steamer 
MAT-ilLDA  was   attacked  by  a   submarine    in  the  North  Atlantic, 
approximately   300  miles   northwest    of  Newfoundland.      According  to 
an  intelligence  report  from  Portugal,    a  British  corvette   sank 
on   19   Sep.   6  miles   west   of   Cape    ispichel,     i\o  further   reports 
of  any  importance  were  received. 

2.  Own   Situation: 

See   Own   Situation,    Arctic    Ocean   for  reports    on   operation^ 
against   convoy   QP  lij.» 

5  submarines   are  under  way  to   the   zone    of    operations,    among    them 
3  sailing  from  Germany  for  the  first   time. 

The   3   submarines   stationed  in  the   Denmark  Strait   are  transferred 
to  the   command   of  the  Admiral,   Arctic    Ocean  as    of   0300   on  23 
Sep.      3  submarines   stationed  east   of   Iceland  were  transferred 
south   of   the  newly  established  closed  area   on   15   Sep. 

The    operation  in   the   North  Atlantic    against   the   convoy  in   quadrant 
AK  yielded  no   results  yet,    because    stormy  weather   (northwest 
wind  10,    sea  'J-Q)    made   any   offensive   action  impossible.      19   sub- 
marines  operating   in  that   area  were   combined  into  Group   "Blitz", 
and  are    supposed  to   assume   position   in  a  patrol   line  from  quadrant 
AK  O3I7   to  7559  by  2^00   of   25   ^ep.;    on   their  way  to  the   newly 
assigned  positions    they    are   to  exploit   any   opportunity   of    attacking 
stragglers. 


-261- 


B-1052 


::  .-i:r:iAi 
22  Se    .    1   __ 

211"  -   tanker  of 

LO,OCC  In  quad]  712,  arlne   "       y.jn   of  the  same 

-,    -:e  [A5  F0STEX3S  r3.00C   ~7T)    In   quadrant 

bc     :     . 

5_:      e  7   -:2"  sank  s~  (2,9C~      In  quadrant 

-  -  . 

:  at  any  sue  :  :  .-  :  -'-  v:  i  . 

For    details    see    supple  :  i. :      :l:r    1  .    .=:••, 

Part   B,    Vol.   IV. 

Accordir. :    ::    a  report  the        -  ~wn  Armistice    ::      I  s :  I  on,    the 

JLCIRE  nas    hurriedly    t      en   on  sur:~_-^s    at    Dakar   ar.c  is   now   under 
way  tc    2asablai  aere    she  will    iiser±>ark  Italian  survivors 

;;ilitate    their   trar.s     art    to  Italy. 


__  .    .-.t.-I  a_     .ar;are 

1.  IrizLs'r.  Isles    a.-.i   ViciriTT; 

70  planes    Barrisl   cut   recsr. aai  a  sance  :11    hts   and 
fig  •  att  =  c    z      r.   ::.e    ::;r«  the    1^7.      Ihe   enemy  raided 

anti-air:. aft  batteries    and   industrial  Installations   in  Belgium. 
1£    of   importar. :t    baa    seer,    reported. 

2.  Be  literrar.ear.   Theater; 

Fightei         iter    =v,ee:s    met   with  nc  enemy  opposition. 
Ts^s   s  mm   ov  ste.     At  the  Egyptian  front 

enemy  batter! e  .  concentrations   of  motorized   aq   ipment  were 

attached  with      ::_    results    and  airfields   were   relied. 

3 •        Sa    ~-rn  Front; 

51   Bne        planes   aere    shot  down  at   the  various   Army 
sectors. 

Reconns'  fli  hts    over    the   Black   Sea  and   the      rotic  Ocean. 

11  Ju        'i    laid  mines    ir.   the  harbor  of   Archangel   on  21  Sep. 
2   lar~e    stc  ff r  Cape   Kir  bey;    results  were  not 

: .  1  re  3 . 

_: :.     -ion,   Arctic   Ocean  for  report   on   operations  against 
convoy    ..?    1_. 


VIII.    ..ar:"a:r    jr.    ::.r    --=  LL  terra.-.ea:-.    a.-.i   the    :'.::'.:    Sea 
1«  .-.e.---    i,    '.     -.I..-.,       .  li  t- rrsr.-a.-.  : 

1   enemy  planes   we  ted  at    Gibraltar. 

8  nc    enemy   reports    of   any  importance. 

-262-  *" 


> 


CONFIDENTIAL 
2.2.   Sep.  19^2 

2.   Own  Situation,  Mediterranean; 

During  the  night  of  20  Sep,  an  enemy  submarine  off 
the  Tunisian  east  coast  fired  on  2  Italian  motor  mine  sweepers, 
one  of  which  was  sunk.  No  report  was  received  about  the  other 
one.  The  same  enemy  submarine  sank  the  Frenoh  steamer  LIBERIA, 
proceeding  from  Tunis  to  Sfax  on  22  Sep. 

A  heavy  enemy  air  raid  on  Benghazi  took  place  between  1825  and 
I8I4.O.  As  reported  by  the  Benghazi  Shipping  and  Transport  Office, 
steamer  APUANIA  with  a  cargo  of  German  ammunition  exploded  and 
other  vessels  were  damaged.   The  Floria  Stalia  pier  was  destroyed. 
Losses  of  personnel  are  heavy.  Darkness  prevented  exact  deter- 
mination of  the  amount  of  damage. 

Upon  request  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  German  Naval  Command, 
Italy  the  Commanding  General,  Armed  Forces,  South  addressed  the 
following  communication  to  the  Italian  High  Command: 

"Should  the  British  attempt  to  renew  their  operations  for  the 
supply  of  Malta,  our  defense  would  find  itself  in  the  most  un- 
favorable situation  if  the  following  events  took  place: 

"a.   Simultaneous  departure  of  convoys  from  Alexandria  and 
Gibraltar. 

"b.  A  simultaneous  offensive  of  the  British  8th  Army  against 
the  Panzer  Army  while  our  air  bases  in  Africa,  Crete,,  Sicily  and 
Sardinia  were  paralyzed. 

Hc.  A  simultaneous  offensive  against  parts  of  the  Italian 
Navy  which  might  constitute  a  threat  to  the  British  convoys.  In 
this  case  neither  the  Commanding  General  South  nor,  in  my  opinion, 
the  Italian  Air  Force  Command  is  in  a  position  to  destroy  both  of 
the  convoys  or  to  prevent  at  least  the  bulk  of  them  from  reaching 
Malta.  This  would  be  all  the  more  impossible  if  the  weather 
situation  rendered  reconnaissance  and  air  attacks  difficult.  It 
is  my  opinion  that,^  irrespective  of  strongest  support  of  the 
operations  against  both  convoys  by  the  Air  Force,  the  Italian 
Navy  must  participate.  As  far  as  I  can  judge,  the  conditions 
for  cooperation  by  the  Italian  Navy  are  more  unfavorable  in  the 
case  of  the  western  convoy.  The  battle  against  this  convoy  should 
be  fought  only  by'the  Air  Force,  supported  by  submarines,  PT 
boats  and  subchasers.  As  to  the  eastern  convoy,  however,  the 
participation  of  the  Italian  fleet  from  the  flanking  position 
Greece-Crete -Rhodes  could  be  of  decisive  value.  Air  protection 
could  be  furnished  by  Me  110  and  Ju  88  night  fighters  from  Crete 
and  North  Africa  to  an  extent  which,  while  offering  no  absolute 
protection  against  all  types  of  enemy  planes,  could  provide  a 
minimum  of  protection  in  view  of  the  number  and  type  of  our 
planes  compared  with  the  enemy's  bomber  and  fighter  planes.' 

I  request  examination  of  this  matter  and  a  decision  so  as  to  be 
able  to  take  all  necessary  measures  well  In  advance." 

This  step  meets  with  the  fullest  approval  of  the 
Naval  Staff. 


-263-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
22  Sep.  19l|.2 

3.   Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa; 

Steamer  PALOMBA  was  refloated  and  continued  on  the  way 
to  Tripoli. 

The  convoy3  of  the  PROSERPINA  and  the  SESTRIERE  were  attacked  by 
enemy  planes  on  the  evening  of  22.  Sep.  Details  are  not  known  as 
yet. 

Otherwise,  supply  transports  and  coastal  shipping  proceeded 
according  to  plan. 

1|.   Area  Naval  Group  South; 

Aegean  Sea; 

In  the  evening  a  submarine  was  sighted  from  land  13 
miles  east  of  Candia.  The  escorted  tanker  CAUCASO  was  sp6tted  by 
enemy  air  reconnaissance  during  the  forenoon  west  of  the  Cerigotto 
Passage  while,  proceeding  from  Benghazi  to  Piraeus.   Otherwise  nothing 
to  report. 

Black  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation; 

An  intelligence  report  from  Bulgaria  asserts  that  the 
Russian  Black  Sea  fleet  would  under  no  circumstances  scuttle 
Its  ships  but  would  put  into  Turkish  ports;  such  events  are  how- 
ever still  very  remote.  It  would  continue  to  operate  from  Turkish 
ports  exactly  like  the  German  and  Italian  ships  operate  against 
Russia  from  Bulgaria. 

This  could  Just  be  propaganda  connected  with  the 
current  disagreements  between  Bulgaria  and  Russia. 

According  to  radio  intelligence,  1  submarine  tender  and  II4.  sub- 
marines were  at  sea  in  unidentified  positions,  among  them  3  °r 
1^.  in  the  western  part  of  the  Black  Sea.  Air  reconnaissance 
located  3  northbound  and  1  southbound  escorted  steamers  off  the 
Caucasian  coast  on  22  Sep.  It  seems  that  some  convoys  are  calling 
at  Sochi  and  Gagry  at  night  whence  they  proceed  in  daytime  only. 
Enemy  Shipping  off  the  Caucasian  coast  is  also  protected  by 
flying  boats. 

Own  situation; 

At  noon  of  21  Sep.  a  German  convoy  was  unsuccessfully 
attacked  with  torpedoes  twice  by  an  enemy  submarine  off  Yalta. 
It  is  believed  that  aerial  mines  were  laid  off  Cape  Takil  (Kerch 
Strait)  during  the  night  of  21  Sep.  No  damage  resulted  from 
an  enemy  air  raid  on  Anapa. 

Convoy  operation  on  21  Sep.  suffered  from  bad  weather. 

Group  South  repeats  its  reminder  to  the  Naval  Staff  (with  copies 
to  Army  Group  A  and  the  Naval  Liaison  Officer  at  the  High  Command, 
Army)  that  the  time  has  come  to  deal  the  final  blow  to  the  Russian 
fleet,  lest  its  activity  cause  severe  damage  to  German  operations 
and  German  supply  shipping.   For  copy  of  telegram  see  l/Skl 


-264- 


B-1052 


^ 


CONFIDENTIAL 
22  Sep.   191+2 

235I4.8A2  Gkdos.   In  War  Diary,    Part  C,   Vol.  XIV  a* 


IX.      Situation  East   Asia 
Nothing  to  report. 


X.       Army  Situation 

1.  Russian  Front: 

Army  Group  A;' 

German  and  Rumanian  units  went  over  to  the  offensive  south- 
east of  Novorossisk.  An  enemy  attack  northeast  of  Tuapse  was  re- 
pulsed. The  3rd  Panzer  Division  Is  engaged  in  hitter  fighting  in 
the  Isherskaya  area  against  fresh  enemy  tank  forces. 

Army  Group  Bt 

The  see-saw  hat  tie  for  the  possession  of  Stalingrad 
continues.   Our  attack  at  the  penetration  point  south  of  Voronezh 
resulted  in  a  bitter  battle  which  is  still  in  progress.  At  the 
Don  River  bend  at  Olkhovatka  the  enemy  succeeded  in  breaking 
through  our  main  defense  line.  A  counterattack  for  the  relief 
of  our  forces  encircled  in  a  forest  made  no  headway. 

Central  Army  Group; 

Our  counterattack  against  enemy  forces  which  penetrated 
into  the  Rzhev  city  park  is  slowly  gaining  ground.  In  the 
Demidov  area  the  enemy  was  forced  to  withdraw  to  the  northo 

Northern  Army  Group: 

Enemy  attacks  against  the  strip  of  land  leading  to  the 
II  Army  Corps  continued.  At  the  sector  south  of  Schluesselburg 
we  captured  the  important  hillsides  north  of  Totolovo. 

2.  Finnish  Front; 

Enemy  pressure  made  it  necessary  to  abandon  our  fortified 
position  at  Rugozero  near  Maselskaya.  Enemy  attacks  on  the  Kanda- 
laksha sector  were  repulsed.  Enemy  forces  which  had  penetrated 
into  the  northern  flank  of  the  XXXVI  Mountain  Corps  were  dispersed. 
An  enemy  detachment  of  2  batallions  at  the  northern  end  of  the 
front  suffered  the  same  fate. 

3«   North  Africa: 

Normal  artillery  and  reconnaissance  activity*  At  the 
present  time  I93  German  and  I35  Italian  tanks  are  ready  for 
operation. 


-265-  B-105  2 


cc::~  :v:  :t:ai 

23  Se     42 

Items  of      :ical  Inoortance 

—  —  -  —     i 

;sia: 

On  the  basis  of  a  report  from  a  Moscow  correspondent,  the  British  naga- 
sine  hew  Statesman  and  Nation  calls  attention  to  the  resentment  of  the 
Russian  people  due  to  the  failure  to  establish  a  second  front.   Pravda 
La  reported  to  have  published  a  sarcastic  cartoon.   It  is  significant 

Russian  newspapers  did  not  even  comment  on  Churchill's 
visit.   Moscow  circles  still  maintain  that  the  British  made  a  binding 
promise  regard     he  second  front. 

Trance: 

The  German  Ambassador  reports  as  follows: 

Laval  authc i     i  the  Minister  of  Production  and  the  Minister  of  Labor 
to  iss  e  regulations  concerning  the  c-m~ulsorv  labor  law  in  crier  to  re - 
lease  French  labor  for  transfer  to  Germany.   As  a  result  of  discussions 
with  Laval,  Gauleiter  Sauckel  fixed  the  15th  of  October  as  the  ultimate 
date  for  the  arrival  of  150,000  skilled  workers  in  Germany.   If  this 
deadline  is  met,  he,  in  turn,  will  be  willing  to  arrange  that  50,000 
farmers  now  prisoners  of  war  are  released  at  that  time  and  will  see  to 
it  that,  starting  now,  an  exchange  is  initiated  in  a  ratio  of  3,000  to 
1,000.   Half  of  the  200,000  unskilled  workers  to  be  furnished  by  France 
are  to  be  placed  at  the  disposal  of  the  Todt  Organization  for  work  in 
France. 

Spain: 

At  the  conclusion  of  the  session  of  the  Council  of  Ministers  on  21  Sep. 
the  following  official  announcement  was  made: 

e  Council  c:     hsters  reasserts  its  adherence  to  the  principals  guid- 
foreign  policy  for  the  last  6  years,  which  follow  the  line  of  an 
anti-communist  crusade  and  conform  to  the  laws  of  the  new  European 
craer.   -he  Council  reaffirms  Spain's  close  friendship  with  Portugal  and 
her  -.raaitional  solidarity  with  the  La  tin -American  countries.   Spain  has 
^roved  her  defenses.   The  political  unity  of  all  Spaniards  is  to  be 
ained  and  they  will  observe  strictest  discipline  and  respect  of  the 
s  Government  will  fight  any  attempted  agitation  or  revolt  and 
will  ruthlessly  stamp  out  any  assaults  on  the  authority  and  prestige  of 
the  State. 

Portugal: 

German  Legation  at  Lisbon  reports  that,  while  pressure  is  being  put 
on  Portugal  by  the  refusal  of  navicerts,  the  Brazilian  Minister  has  pro- 
posed to  the  Portuguese  government  that  Portugal  lease  the  Portuguese 

ic  insular  possessions  on  a  lend-lease  basis  to  Brazil  for  the 
duration  of  the  war  in  return  for  free  imports  from  Brazil  to  Portugal. 
The  German  Legation  considers  it  unlikely  that  Salazar  will  accept  this 
proposition.   It  can,  however,  be  expected  that  the  U.S.A.  will  bring 

:reased  pressure  to  bear  on  Portugal,  either  directly  or  through 
Brazil. 

Brazil; 

It  Is  learned  from  diplomatic  sources  that  U.S.  activity  is  concentrated 
in  the  northern  Brazilian  states  of  Pernambuco,  Parahyba,  Rio  Grande 
del  Norte  and  Ceara.   Brazilian  military  circles  believe  that  an  offen- 


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sive  toward  Africa  will  be  launched  from  these  areas,  and  that  this  is 
the  reason  for  the  massing  of  U.S.  war  material,  and  Brazilian  and  U.S. 
troops  and  ships,  and  for  the  construction  of  air  bases.   Up  to  the 
present  time,  there  is  no  indication  that  Brazil  has  asked  Portugal  for 
permission  to  occupy  the  Azores. 

Authoritative  Brazilian  military  circles  consider  formal  cooperation 
with  the  U.S.A.  the  best  means  to  provide  the  Brazilian  armed  forces  with 
the  latest  armament.   Vargas  and  Aranha  carry  full  responsibility  for  the 
declaration  of  war,  while  the  Army,  its  armament  modernized  as  the  re- 
sult of  the  war,  is  in  a  position  to  assume  the  leading  role,  irrespective 
of  the  outcome  of  the  war.   In  the  event  of  an  Axis  victory,  the  mili- 
tary will  always  be  in  a  position  to  disclaim  responsibility  for  enter- 
ing the  war  and  to  take  over  the  Government. 

Finland : 

Authoritative  Washington  circles  declared  that  there  is  no  basis  for  the 
assumption  that  Finland  is  trying  to  make  a  separate  peace  with  Russia. 
The  statement  made  by  the  Finnish  Minister  was  misinterpreted. 


Soecial  Items 

I.  The  Naval  Staff  Operations  Division  released  new  data  concerning  the 
enemy  situation: 

a.  Regarding  bases  and  harbors  of  Great  Britain  and  Northern 
Ireland  as  of  the  beginning  of  September  1942.  For  copy  no.  11  see 
1/Skl  32326/42  geh.  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  lib. 

b.  Regarding  the  sinking  of  aircraft  carrier  YORKTOY.N  according 
to  the  report  of  the  U.S.  Navy  Department  of  16  Sep.   For  copy  no.  4  see 
1/Skl  32029/42  geh.  in  Oar  Diary/ Part  C,  Vol.  XVII. 

c.  Regarding  tasks,  organization  and  evaluation  of  the  U.S.  Navy. 
The  analysis  permits  the  conclusion  that  the-  well-known  split  of  the  na- 
val forces  will  continue  until  sufficient  heavy  ships  are  available  for 
offensive  action  (1944).   Up  to  this  time  offensive  operations  by  or 
under  the  protection  of  the  U.S.  Navy  will  take  place  only  in  proportion 
to  the  anticipated  strength  of  the  defenses.   No  large-scale  naval 
battle  is  to  be  expected  in  the  Aleutians  or  any  other  part  of  the 
Pacific. 

For  copy  no.  3  of  this  very  interesting  review  see  l/Skl  32100/42  geh.  in 
V/ar  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XVII. 

d.  Regarding  the  operations  of  Russian  submarines  in  the  Baltic 
Sea  outside  the  Gulf  of  Finland  from  the  middle  of  June  to  the  middle  of 
September  1942  and  regarding  the  appointment  of  a  Russian  Naval  Attache 
for  Stockholm. 

For  copy  no.  3  of  this  report  see  l/Skl  32009/42  geh.  in  War  Diary,  Part 
C,  Vol.  III. 

II.  In  view  of  the  experience  had  from  the  incident  at  the  Casquets,  the 
Fuehrer  orders  that  the  garrisons,  the  armament  and  defense  installations 
of  all  similar  outposts  located  on  small  rocky  islands  be  reinforced. 


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23  Sep.  1942 

The  Naval  Staff  therefore  issues  the  following  directive  to  Group 
North,  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway,  Group  South,  and  the  Admiral, 
Aegean  Sea; 

The  garrisons  must  be  of  adequate  size  to  provide  for  uninterrupted 
guard  duty,  and  defense  installations  and  armament  must  be  sufficient 
to  repel  enemy  raids.  All  strong  points  in  Norway  and  in  the  Aegean 
Sea  are  to  be  checked  for  compliance  with  above  requirements.  All 
necessary  measures  are  to  be  taken.   Reports  to  this  effect  to  be 
submitted  to  the  Naval  Staff  by  30  Sep.  1942. 


Situation  23  Sep.  1942 

I.   War  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.  Enemy  Situation; 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  forwards  statements  by  a  Hindu 
prisoner  from  the  captured  ALIIAIDA,  who  asserts  that  German  vessels 
were  at  Goa  in  July  1941  in  Kormugao  harbor,  opposite  San  Salvador: 
they  could  be  reached  from  land  within  5  minutes  by  rowboats.   The 
crews  were  able  to  land  at  the  beach  south  of  the  anchorage  by  sail- 
boats without  being  detected  and  could  reach  San  Salvador. 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  further  reports  that  ship  "10"  passed 
Sunda  Strait  at  1700  of  22  Sep. 

Following  up  the  report  received  from  ship  "23"  (see  War  Diary  21  Sep.) 

the  auxiliary  cruiser  is  instructed  by  Telegram  0510  (also  for  the 
information  of  the  UCKERKARK)  to  replenish  her  fuel  supply  fully  from 
the  UCKERI.LARK.   The  fact  that  the  short  signal  v/as  transmitted  leads 
the  Naval  Staff  to  believe  that  ship  "23"  met  the  TANNENFELS  and 
probably  also  ship  "28",  and  that  the  TANNENFELS  started  north  on  21 
Sep.   Only  if  this  assumption  is  incorrect,  ship  "25n  is  requested  to 
report  as  convenient  when  the  TANNENFELS  was  dismissed. 

The  TANNENFELS  is  instructed  by  Radiogram  2214  to  arrange  her  return 
voyage  so  as  not  to  cross  longitude  30°  V  before  dawn  of  8  Oct. 

The  Naval  Staff  wired  to  the  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  for  his  informa- 
tion as  follows: 

a.  The  Japanese  Admiralty  stated  by  way  of  the  Naval  Attache  at 
Berlin  that  the  Japanese  Navy   intends  to  use  the  Indian  Ocean  zone  of 
operation  assigned  to  German  auxiliary  cruisers,  as  long  as  no  German 
ships  are  operating  there.   The  Naval  Staff  requested  the  Japanese  Na- 
val Attache  to  ask  the  Japanese  Navy  to  notify  them  as  soon  as  Japan 

is  no  longer  using  this  zone.   Our  intention  to  resume  auxiliary 
cruiser  operations  in  that  area  approximately  at  the  end  of  November 
has  been  communicated  to  the  Japanese  Attache. 

b.  Our  renewed  request  for  an  operations  zone  for  a  German 
auxiliary  cruiser  in  the  South  Pacific,  submitted  by  way  of  Nomura,  was 
refused  by  the  Japanese  Navy.   Japan  prefers  to  have  a  German  auxiliary 


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23  Sep.  1942 


cruiser  in  the  Indian  Ocean.   Additional  remark  by  Naval  Staff:  Follow-) 
ing  the  arrival  of  ship  "10",  discuss  with  the  captain  the  problem  of 
the  Indian  Ocean  operations  zone.   On  the  basis  of  his  experience  try 
to  persuade  the  Japanese  Navy  to  agree  to  a  definite  operations  zone. 
(See  Telegram  0010. ) 

Enemy  situation  report  by  Radiogram  2123. 


II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  received  from  Belgium, 
the  inhabitants  of  V/estende-Bains  expect  a  British  landing  on  24  Sep. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast: 

Evaluation  of  reports  from  French  fishing  vessels  reveals 
that  a  number  of  spherical  mines  was  found  in  the  nets  on  12  and  20 
Sep.  in  quadrant  BF  6877  (50  miles  west  of  the  mouth  of  the  Gironde). 
2  mines  exploded. 

Channel  Coast: 

Nothing  to  report. 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.   North  Sea; 

The  Ijmuiden  steel  plant  was  badly  damaged  during  the  reported 
air  raid  of  22  Sep.  and  production  will  probably  be  interrupted  for 
several  months. 

Convoy  activity  suffered  from  continued  bad  weather  and  in  some  cases 
had  to  be  cancelled. 

Special  Items: 

On  23  Jun.  1942  the  Naval  Staff  called  the  attention  of  the  Reich  Com- 
missioner of  Maritime  Shipping  to  the  increased  danger  to  shipping  in 
the  North  Sea,  suggesting  that  at  least  some  of  the  North  Sea  trans- 
ports be  shifted  to  inland  waterways  and  that  it  be  investigated  to 
what  degree  the  Dutch  inland  waterways  and  the  port  of  Delfzijl  could 
be  used  to  alleviate  the  congestion  on  the  route  to  Rotterdam. 

On  18  Sep.  the  Reich  Commissioner  of  Maritime  Shipping  replied  as  fol- 
lows: 

Economic  reasons  speak  against  the  use  of  Delfzijl  harbor  (as  this  wouljd 
involve  a  delay  of  9  days,  due  to  the  necessity  of  transporting  coal 
there).   Experience  shows  that  ships  are  particularly  endangered  be- 
tween Ameland  and  Heligoland,  so  that  the  proposed  shift  would  In  no 


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CONFIDENTIAL 


23  S  - 

way  diminish  the  risk  in  this  respect. 

The  Reich  Commissioner  of  Maritime  Shipping  is  taking  all  necessary 
steps  to  reduce  traffic  by  sea  to  Rotterdam  by  improving  unloading 
facilities  and  increasing  railroad  capacity  at  the  German  North  Sea 
ports. 

The  Naval  Staff  Operations  Division  is  investigating  the 
naval  side  of  the  matter. 

2.  Norway: 

3atteries  on  Rybachi  Peninsula  fired  at  a  westbound  convoy 
off  Petsamo  and  Nurmansaetti  without  causing  any  damage.   An  eastbound 
convoy  was  attacked  by  3  torpedoes  '  which  missed  by  an  enemy  submarine 
south  of  Kyberg;  3  subchasers  went  out  in  pursuit.   Lively  enemy  air 
activity  over  the  Arctic  coast,  presumably  to  gain  information  about  the 
ships  anchored  in  Alta  Fjord.   It  is  suspected  that  aerial  mines  were 
laid  off  Kavnir.gsberg.   Convoy  service  proceeded  according  to  plan. 

The  mine-laying  vessels  ROLAND  and  SKAGERRAK  laid  2  deep  angle-patterned 
barrages  of  anti-submarine  mines  type  B  in  single  rov/s  for  the  pro- 
tection of  the  convoy  route  off  the  southwestern  coast.   For  report  on 
the  location  of  the  minefield  see  Telegram  1120.   5  detonations  took 
place  during  the  laying  of  the  second  minefield. 

3.  Arctic  Ocean: 

Enemy  Situation: 

Radio  monitoring  established  the  presence  of  8  or  10  British 
ships  in  the  Archangel  area.  A  Russian  submarine  and  another  submarine 
of  unidentified  nationality  were  located  at  sea.   The  10th  Royal  Air 
Force  Group  was  observed  in  the  Murmansk  area. 

According  to  air  reconnaissance,  1  light  cruiser  and  3  destroyers  were 
anchored  in  Reidar  Fjord  on  22  Sep.  At  1028  on  22  Sep.  it  was  observed 
that  a  submarine  torpedoed  and  sank  an  8,000  GRT  steamer  of  convoy  QP 
14  and  a  destroyer  was  damaged  at  1220. 

On  23  Sep.  convoy  QP  14  was  spotted  by  a  submarine  at  0309  in  quadrant 
AE  2374  and  at  0533  in  quadrant  AE  2297;  it  was  reported  on  a  southerly 
course  and  evidently  heading  for  Denmark  Strait. 

Own  Situation: 

a.    Operation  against  QP  14; 

At  0330  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  took  over  command  of  the  3 
submarines  operating  west  of  Iceland  but  the  submarines  were  unable  to 
close  in  on  the  convoy  in  time.   They  were  therefore  assigned  to  new- 
attack  positions  in  quadrant  AE  17  and  were  returned  to  the  command  of 
the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines. 

8  submarines  closed  in  on  convoy  QP  14.   Submarines  U  "705"  and  U  "251" 
report  torpedo  misses  against  steamers  of  the  convoy.   6  submarines 
which  reached  67°  N  22°  W,  the  extreme  end  of  the  zone  of  operation, 
turned  back  as  ordered  and  submitted  their  reports.   Convoy  QP  14  was 
last  reported  at  1315  approximately  90  miles  northwest  of  Iceland. 


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CONFIDENTIAL 
23  Sep.  1942 

b*    Successoa  against  PQ,  18: 

A  check  of  all  data  in  the  Naval  Staff's  possession  discloses 
that  a  maximum  of  23  merchant  vessels  out  of  the  45  which  assumedly 
made  up  convoy  PQ,  18  did  not  reach  their  destinations,  whereas  the  com- 
munique of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command  dated  20  Sep.  announced  the 
sinking  of  38  merchant  vessels,  viz.,  the  virtual  annihilation  of  the 
convoy.   In  view  of  this  gross  discrepancy  the  Naval  Staff  requests  the 
Operations  Staffs  of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command  and  of  the  Air  Force 
through  the  Naval  Liaison  Officers  for  information  in  their  possession. 

See  Telegram  l/Skl  I  b  23437/42  Gkdos.  in  file  "Eispalast". 

c.  The  beginning  of  operation  "Zarin"  was  postponed  by  the  Ad- 
rairl,  Arctic  Ocean  for  24  hours  due  to  bad  weather. 

d.  The  mine-laying  operation  in  the  Iceland  area  by  submarine 

U  "117"  will  take  place  at  0000  of  26  Sep.  at  the  earliest,  in  order  to 
ensure  that  all  submarines  have  left  the  area. 

e.  The  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  granted  special  permission 
that  the  submarine  assigned  to  weather  service  (see  War  Diary  12  Sep.) 
may  load  gasoline  containers  and  hydrogen  cylinders,  since  it  is  hardly 
to  be  expected  that  she  will  be  attacked  with  depth  charges. 


IV.   Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

The  German  auxiliary  sailing  ship  HEIMAT  sank  in  quadrant  AO  7371 
and  the  Danish  schooner  SARA  in  quadrant  AO  7344,  after  striking  mines0 
In  the  case  of  the  HEIMAT  3  mines  detonated  simultaneously,  indicating 
acoustic  mines. 

Tanker  MITTELMEER,  carrying  aviation  gasoline,  joined  a  northbound 
troop  transport  at  Libau. 

Nothing  to  report  from  the  area  of  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic 
Sea. 

Past  experience  showed  that  it  is  not  feasible  to  seal'  the  Gulf  Qf  Fin- 
land with  minefields  and  the  available  vessels  against  breakthrough 
attempts  by  Russian  submarines;  the  Naval  Staff  therefore  assigned  20  of 
the  first  armed  trawlers  becoming  available  in  Germany  to  Group  North 
to  be  used  as  subchasers  for  this  purpose. 

In  the  event  that  we  should  not  succeed  in  completely  eliminating  the 
Russian  Baltic  fleet  this  year,  it  will  be  necessary  to  provide  sound 
detectors  and  additional  armed  trawlers  as  subchasers  next  spring  to 
close  off  the  Gulf  of  Finland. 

For  corresponding  directive  to  Group  North  and  the  Naval  Staff  Quarter- 
master Division  see  Telegram  1717. 


V.    Submarine  Warfare 

1.   Enemy  Situation: 

Lively  reconnaissance  activity  on  the  part  of  the  15th  Air 

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23   Sep.    I?k2 

Force  Group,   and  the   Home   and  Iceland  squadrons.      A  message  was    in- 
tercepted concerning   the   torpedoing   of  steamer   PfiHNMAR  which  is 
part    of  the   convoy  approaching  in   the  North  Atlantic. 

Otherwise   nothing  to  report. 

2.        Own   Situation; 

2  submarines  have   left  for  the    zone    of    operations. 

Regarding   operations    against   convoy  QF   llj.  and  other   activities   in 
the   Arctic    Ocean    see   Own   Situation,    Arctic    Ocean. 

In  the  course    of    operations  by  Group   "Blitz"   in  the  Atlantic,    sub- 
marine U   "617"   sank  a  9,000   to   10,000  GET  tanker   and  a  straggler   of 
5,500  GBT  from  the  convoy  In   quadrant  AK  3955.      Contact  withfthe 

voy  was   later   lost.      At   2212   submarine  U   "258"   contacted  a  convoy 
sailing   on   a  7O0  course   in   quadrant.  AK   3555*   which  is  probably  the 
one   lost    sight    of   in  the  forenoon.     All   submarines    of  Group   "Blitz" 
which  are   able   to  establish  contact  with  It  by  the   evening   of   2l+ 
Sep.   are    ordered   to  attack   this   convoy.      Submarine  0   "256     scored  3 
hits  at  midnight    on   several   overlapping   ships   in  quadrant   AK  35&+ 
and  reports   a  burst   of  flames;    the  Commanding  Admiral,   Submarines 
credits   the  boat  with  sinking   5»°°0  GET  and  1  torpedo  hit. 

Submarine   U   "380"   established  contact  with  e    convoy  on  a  northeasterly 
course   in  quadrant  BC   3^4-21  during  the  forenoon  and  all   other  boats    of 
Group  "Vorwaerts"   are   ordered  to  converge   on  it.      The  submarines   of 
Group   "Blitz"  which  are  unable   to   operate   against   the  convoy  inter- 
cepted by  submarine  U   "258"   are    ordered  to  participate  in  this   action, 
too-.     No  results  were   reported  against    this   convoy,  which  turned 
abruptly  to   the   north. 

Submarine  U  "14.55"   carried  out   the  assigned  minelayinr   operation   off 
the  U.S.    eastern  coast. 

Submarine  U   "512"   sank  a  7,500  GET  steamer   on   16  Sep.   in  the  V.est 
Indies   in  quadrant   EE  I4J+23 #  which  is   unfortunately  probably  the 
Spanish  steamer   MONTE  GORBEA.     For  details    of    this    Incident   see 
War  Diary,    Part   C,   Vol.  VIII. 

Submarine  U   "125"   of   the    South  Atlantic  Group   "litis"   sank  steamer 
BEDGEEE  (5,355  GET)    in  quadrant  ET. 

For  additional  reports    see   supplement   to   submarine   situation  in  V.ar 
Diary,    Part  E,   Vol.   IV. 

According   to  a  communication  from  tiie  German  Armistice   Commission,    the 
GLOIPE  disembarked  3   sick  Italians   at  Dakar  and  is   proceeding  to  Casa- 
blanca with  37O  Italians   and  668  Britishers,   among    them  50  women  and 
children.     Gunboat  ANNAKITE  is   under   way  to  Dakar  with  [j.1  Italians   and 
111  Britishers.     Gunboat  DUMONT  D'URVILLE  has  no  more    survivors   aboard 
and  is    returning  to   Porte  Boue   after  a  futile   search. 

The  GLOIRE  established  that   the    LACONIA  had  1,600  Britishers   and  1,000 
Italians    on  board  at  the   time    of   her    sinking;   I4.IU  Italians  and  682 
British  were   saved.     British   planes   repeatedly  circled  over    the  GLOIRE 
without    incident. 

The  Naval   Staff  requested  that  the   Foreign   Office   permit    operations   in 
a  20  mile   strip  along   the   Brazilian   coast.      To  this    the  Foreign  Office 


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CONFIDENTIAL 
23  Sep.  1942 

objects.  The  Naval  Staff  Intends,  however,  to  insist  that  at  least 
operations  be  permitted  up  to  the  latitude  of  Natal;  the  Commanding 
Admiral,  Submarines  is  requested  to  report  on  the  following: 

a.  The  possibilities  for  operations  in  a  20  miles  strip. 

b.  The  adverse  effect  on  our  submarine  operations  which  refusal 
to  release  this  strip  would  have. 

According  to  information  from  the  Naval  Staff,  Submarine  Division,  all 
VII  C  type  submarines  are  being  equipped  for  the  time  being  with  2 
model  151  machine  guns  in  box-trail  carriages  and  1  single-barreled 
2  cm  machine  gun  for  antiaircraft  protection.   Later  it  is  planned  to 
equip  new  submarines  and  thereafter  if  possible,  also  submarines  al- 
ready in  operation  with  cylinder  carriages.   However,  this  will  not  be 
possible  before  a  year  from  now.   Ultimately,  VII  C  type  submarines 
will  receive  antiaircraft  armament  consisting  of: 

2  model  151  machine  guns  on  cylinder  carriages 
1  double-barreled  2  cm  machine  gun. 

Similar  armament  is  planned  for  submarines  of  types  IX,  XB,  and  XIV 
but  this  depends  upon  whether  an  autogyro  observation  kite  will  be  put 
on  board  them  or  not. 

The  sooner  submarines  are  in  a  position  to  defend  them- 
selves effectively  against  aerial  attacks  the  better. 
The  Naval  Staff  welcomes  this  development  in  view  of  itfc 
expected  tactical  advantages. 


VI.  Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity: 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Incursions: 

During  the  night  of  23  Sep.  136  enemy  planes. flew  over  our 
territory,  85  of  them  penetrating  into  Germany.   10  planes  were  shot   , 
down.  Attacks  were  made  in  an  area  extending  from  Heligoland  and 
Bremen  to  Schleswig-Holstein.  Bombs  were  dropped  on  Wilhelmshaven, 
Plensburg,  Hamburg,  and  Wismar.  For  details  see  Daily  situation  report 

La  Pallice  was  strafed  and  attacked  with  demolition  bombs. 

3.  Mediterranean  Theater: 

See  Own  Situation,  Mediterranean  for  report  on  the  effect  of 
enemy  air  raids  on  Benghazi. 

Missions  flown  by  our  air  forces  had  no  results  of  any  Importance. 
Alexandria  and  Suez  were  reconnoitered  by  photo  reconnaissance.   For 
results  see  Enemy  Situation,  Mediterranean. 

4.  Eastern  Front: 

A  5,000  GRT   steamer  was   damaged  during  an    air  attack   on  Adlerl, 
Reconnaissance  -activity  In  the  Black  Sea  and  Caspian  Sea". 

-273- 

B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
23  Sep.  1942 

Regarding  operation  against  QP  14  see  Own  Situation,  Arctic  Ocean.  Some 
ships  of  this  convoy  are  apparently  carrying  lumber. 


VII.  Y/arfare  in  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1.  Enemy  Situation.  Mediterranean; 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Spain,  an  agent  re- 
ported from  London  on  15  Sep.  that  a  large  convoy  with  war  material 
was  being  assembled  off  the  Isle  of  Man.   Its  escort  consists  of 
planes  and  warships,  Including  an  aircraft  carrier.   The  convoy  is  re- 
portedly expected  to  arrive  in  the  Mediterranean  (Egypt)  around  19  Oct, 

According  to  intercepted  radio  messages,  the  convoyed  steamer  SESTRIEKE 
was  spotted  by  air  reconnaissance  southeast  of  Cape  Santa  Maria  di 
Leuca  at  0135  and  was  attacked  between  0200  and  0300.  An  escort  de- 
stroyer reports  an  attack  on  the  escorted  tanker  PROSERPINA  at  1840  of 
22  Sep.  45  miles  northwest  of  Cape  Ducat o  by  10  torpedo  planes.   Radio 
monitoring  also  intercepted  a  message  from  the  escorted  tanker  R0NDINE, 
en  route  to  Tobruk,  at  1423  10  miles  west  of  Crete. 

According  to  photo  reconnaissance,  the  following  ships  were  at  the 
various  harbors  of  Suez:   45  steamers  (214,500  GRT),  3  tankers  (10,500 
GRT),  1  transport  (36,000  GRT).   In  addition  light  naval  forces. 

2.  Own  Situation.  Mediterranean: 

Porto  Empedocle  was  attacked  by  enemy  planes  in  the  evening 
of  23  Sqp  .   During  the  night  of  22  Sep.  the  heavy  air  attacks  on 
Benghazi  were  renewed.   For  the  report  of  the  Shipping  and  Transport 
Office  at  Benghazi  on  the  heavy  damage  caused  by  the  raids  of  22  Sep. 
see  Telegram  1315. 

The  German  Armistice  Commission  reports  that  the  French  believe  the 
steamer  LIBERIA  was  sunk  by  enemy  submarines  on  her  run  to  Sfax  be- 
cause the  ship  was  being  handed  over  to  the  Germans.  The  LIBERIA  be- 
longed to  the  first  group  of  ships  to  be  handed  over.   (See  Telegram 
1200.) 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa: 

No  details  are  known  about  the  identity  of  the  convoys  at- 
tacked. Supply  operations  and  coastal  shipping  proceeded  on  the  whole 
according  to  plan.  For  details  see  Telegram  1210. 

The  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division,  Shipping  and  Transport  Branch 
has  compiled  the  following  data: 

Total  tonnage  unloaded  at  Tripoli  during  August  1942:        3,012  tons 
German  goods  amounted  to: 

Total  tonnage  loaded  at  Tripoli:  6,573  tons 

German  goods  amounted  to:  2,473  tons 

Total  tonnage  unloaded  at  Benghazi  during  August  1942:      26,602  tons 
German  goods  amounted  to:  8,777  tons 

Total  tonnage  loaded  at  Benghazi:  13,097  tons 

German  goods  amounted  to:  8,479  tons 


-27*- 


B-105  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 


> 


^ 


23  Sep.  1942 


Total  tonnage  unloaded  at  Tooruk  during  July  19  42:  during  August  1942: 

* 

18,258  tons       29,983  tons 
German  goods  amounted  to:         18,258  tons       17,251  tons 

Total  loaded:  3,832  tons        6,763  tons 

German  goods  amounted  to:  3,832  tons        4,069  tons 

The  amount  of  unloadings  and  loadings  and  its  increase  during  August 
must  be  attributed  primarily  to  the  fact  that  German  unloading  equip- 
ment was  available. 

The  compilation  proves  that  only  about  50$  of  the 
supply  requirements  of  the  Panzer  Army  were  met. 

4.   Area  Naval  Group  South: 

Aegean  Sea; 

Nothing  to  report. 

Black  Sea: 

Enemy  Situation: 

Nothing  of  importance  was  learned  from  air  reconnaissance  in 
the  Black  Sea  and  the  Caspian  Sea. 

Own  Situation: 


Sep, 


Nothing  to  report,  except  enemy  air  raids  on  Feodosiya  on  22 


VIII.  Situation  East  Asia 

U.S.  Navy  Secretary  Knox  warned  in  his  press  conference  that  the 
situation  in  the  Pacific  should  not  be  judged  too  optimistically  and 
announced  that  the  Japanese  have  definitely  crossed  the  Owen  Stanley 
Range  on  New  Guinea  so  that  Fort  Moresby  is  gravely  threatened. 

A  U.S.  Navy  Department  communique  announces  that  U.S.  Array  bombers 
attacked  the  Island  of  Gizo  and  the  shore  installations  in  Rekata  Bay 
on  19  Sep.  Dive  bombers  inflicted  damage  to  a  Japanese  cruiser  north- 
west of  Guadalcanal.  U.S.  positions  on  Guadalcanal  are  reported  un- 
impaired. 

On  the  other  hand  it  is  reported  by  Domei  News  Agency  that  the  U.S. 
forces  which  had  landed  on  the  Solomon  Islands  were  virtually  annihil- 
ated. 

Japanese  reconnaissance  activity  over  the  Indian  area  (Bengal  and  the 
provinces  of  Bihar  and  Orissa)  was  resumed  as  the  monsoon  period  is 
nearing  its  end.   The  Royal  Air  Force  and  the  Indian  Air  Force  are  ex- 
pecting reinforcements. 


-275- 


8-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
23  Sep.  1942 

IX,   Army  Situation 

la   Russian  Front; 

Army  Group  A; 

Due  to  interruption  of  communication  lines  no  reports  have 
been  received. 

Army  Group  Bt 

The  situation  remained  essentially  unchanged.  For  details 
see  daily  situation  report. 

Central  Army  Group: 

It  can  be  assumed  that  the  enemy  will  be  reinforced  by  re- 
serves in  the  Sukhinichi  area.   300  to  400  parachutists  were  dropped  in 
the  9th  Army  area  but  their  whereabouts  has  not  yet  been  discovered. 
The  enemy  advance  in  the  penetration  point  at  Rzhev  was  halted.   Our 
operations  north  of  Demidov  proceeded  according  to  plan.   Several  lo- 
calities were  captured. 

Northern  Army  Group; 

Our  advance  south  of  Schluesselburg  made  only  small  progress 
in  the  face  of  strong  enemy  resistance.  A  new  attack  on  Gaitolovo  is 
in  progress. 

2.  Finnish  Front: 

Long-range  patrol  activity  on  both  sides  at  the  southeastern 
front  sector.   Major  German  forces  began  an  offensive  at  the  northeastern 
sector. 

3.  North  Africa: 

Reports  have   not   yet  been  received. 


-276-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
24  Sep.  1942 

Items  of  Political  Importance 

Great  Britain; 

In  a  message  addressed  to  a  convention  of  the  shipbuilding  industry 
Churchill  declared  that  the  shipping  situation  continues  grave  in 
spite  of  a  recent  improvement. 

According  to  neuter,  the  British  Radio  broadcast  a  message  to  Prance 
on  23  Sep.  recommending  that  the  population  evacuate  the  coastal  areas 
because  the  Allied  offensive  is  in  the  offing.   No  announcement  of 
time  and  place  of  the  attack  will  be  made  beforehand.   When  the  time 
is  ripe,  the  French  population  will  be  called  upon  to  cooperate.   The 
offensive  will  comprise  landings  on  French  soil  as  v/ell  as  naval  op- 
erations in  French  territorial  waters. 

The  German  News  Agency  (DNB)  reports  that  American  disapproval  of  the 
British  policy  toward  India  is  clearly  reflected  by  several  articles 
of  U.S.  correspondents  of  London  newspapers. 

Sweden: 

The  German  Legation  reports  that  recent  Increased  German  criticism  of 
Sweden's  attitude  has  not  failed  to  make  an  impression  in  Stockholm 
circles. 

Russia; 

The  Russian  Off icial .News  Agency  Tass  was  authorized  to  state  that  the 
reports  about  alleged  Russian  air  attacks  on  Bulgarian  towns  were 
invented  for  the  purpose  of  provocation. 

U.S.A.: 

Reports  from  a  neutral  diplomatic  source  describe  the  state  of  mind 
prevailing  in  the  U.S.A.  as  follows: 

The  attack  on  Pearl  Harbor  made  a  tremendous  impression  on  the  entire 
population  and  radically  changed  their  attitude  toward  the  war,  which 
they  expect  to  win  in  1944.  Germany  is  considered  the  principal  ad- 
versary and  only  following  her  defeat  will  the  account  with  Japan  be 
settled.   It  is  generally  agreed  that  it  is  necessary  to  establish  a 
second  front;  at  the  same  time,  however,  the  opinion  is  voiced  that 
the  U.S.A.  should  occupy  the  European  trouble  spots  and  take  an  active 
part  in  reorganizing  Europe.   During  discussions  about  this  subject 
American  arrogance  is  making  itself  felt  most  disagreeably,  also  to- 
ward Great  Britain.   There  is  an  imperialistic  will  to  take  over 
Europe's  heritage.   America's  war  machinery  is  getting  into  full  stride 
and  can  no  longer  be  stopped.   Life  in  the  U.S.A.  is  normal  on  the 
whole,  whereas  shortages  are  becoming  evident  in  Canada.   Anti-semitism 
is  increasing,  because  the  Jews  are  occuping  the  positions  vacated 
by  drafted  soldiers.   The  achievements  of  the  German  Armed  Forces  are 
admired. 

China; 

According  to  a  press  dispatch  from  Shanghai,  the  Chinese  Government  is 
trying  to  eliminate  the  dominating  Russian  influence  in  the  important 
northwestern  province  of  Sinkiang  in  order  to  shift  the  main  Chinese 
forces  more  to  the  northwest.   This  province,  which  once  was  purely 
Chinese,  has  come  more  and  more  under  Pnssian  influence  since  World  Wai* 


_277-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
24  Sep.  1942 

I  and  has  repeatedly  been  a  stronghold  of  the  Communist  Army.   Chinese 
Communists  even  now  oppose  all  efforts  in  this  direction  on  the  part 
of  the  Chungking  Government. 


Conference  on  the  Situation  with  the  Chief,  Naval  Staff 

The  Chief,  Naval  Staff  who  is  on  leave  in  Berlin  between  14  Sep.  and 
4  Oct.,"  informed  himself  in  detail  about  the  situation. 

The  Chief,  Quartermaster  Division,  Naval  Staff  reported  on  the  arma- 
ment of  the  new  fleet  torpedo  boat  model  41.   In  accordance  with  the 
viewpoint  taken  by  the  Chief,  Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff  the 
final  decision  about  the  gun  calibers  was  deferred  until  construction 
has  progressed  sufficiently,  in  order  to  utilize  additional  experience 
which  may  be  gained  meanwhile.   To  prevent  any  loss  of  time,  10.6  cm 
as  well  as  12.7  cm  guns  are  being  prepared  for  the  above-named  class 
of  ships. 

Special  Item: 

Evaluation  of  information  obtained  by  the  radio  decoding  and  intercept 
services  during  the  period  from  14  Sep.  to  20  Sep.  1942  is  contained  in 
Radio  Intelligence  Report  No.  38/42  of  the  Chief,  Naval  Communications 
Division,  Communications  Intelligence  Branch. 


Situation  24  Sep.  1942 

I.   War  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  reports  that  the  REGENSBURG 
arrived  at  Balik  Papan  on  23  Sep.,  will  leave  on  24  Sep.,  and  is 
scheduled  to  arrive  at  Batavia  in  the  forenoon  of  27  Sep. 

The  Naval  Staff  informs  ship  "10"  by  Radiogram  0721  about  the  receipt 
of  the  Tokyo  Naval  Attache's  message  reporting  passing  of  Sunda  Strait 
by  ship  "10"  on  22  Sep. 

Ships  n23"  and  "28"  are  instructed  by  the  Naval  Staff  about  the  names 
of  enemy  ships  suitable  for  cover  names.   See  Radiograms  1854  and  2159 . 

The  Naval  Staff  notifies  the  CHARLOTTE  SCHLIEMANN  by  Radiogram  2035  of 
the  following  cable  received  from  the  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo; 

(1)  I  welcome  the  ship  upon  her  arrival  in  the  area  under  my  authority. 

(2)  Japanese  coast  guard  and  air  reconnaissance  services  are  Inferior 
to  those  of  Germany.  You  must  be  prepared  for  enemy  submarines  and  be 
on  the  lookout. 


-278-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
24  Sep.  1942 

(3)  Proceed  from  Singapore  to  Yokohama.  Wire  your  expected  arrival 
there  prior  to  sailing  from  Singapore. 

(4)  While  proceeding  to  Japan  carry  out  tests  with  undiluted  Tarakan 
oil. 

Remark  to  item  4  by  the  Naval  Staff: 

The  tests  are  to  be  made  first  with  the  auxiliary  engines,  then  with 
the  main  engines.   Prior  to  the  auxiliary  engine  tests  with  pure 
Tarakan  oil,  use  a  mixture  of  gas  and  Tarakan  oil  and  increase  the 
Tarakan  oil  component  gradually.   Watch  sedimentation.   Avoid  damage 
to  engines. 

See  Radiogram  2216  for  notification  of  the  CHARLOTTE  SCHLIEMANN  with 
regard  to  war  decorations  awarded  by  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  for 
courageous  discharge  of  supply  tasks  on  the  high  seas  over  a  period  of 
many  months  and  under  difficult  conditions  and  thereby  making  it 
possible  to  wage  auxiliary  cruiser  warfare. 

The  TANNENFELS  is  instructed  by  Telegram  0218  that  the  order  of  23  Sep, 
as  per  Radiogram  2214  will  go  into  effect  after  the  ship  has  passed 
point  "Trosse". 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  is  instructed  by  Telegram  2330  to  give  the 
Japanese  Admiralty  confidential  information  that  a  German  submarine 
force  will  appear  in  the  vicinity  of  Capetown  about  1  Oct.   The  boats 
will  operate  in  the  eastern  South  Atlantic  on  their  return  voyage.  The 
Attache  is  to  request  the  Japanese  Navy  to  instruct  its  forces  of  this 
fact  only  if  they  operate  in  that  area.   The  Japanese  Naval  Attache  at 
Berlin  receives  the  same  information  from  the  Naval  Staff. 

All  ships  in  foreign  waters  are  informed  by  the  Naval  Staff  about  the 
Turkish  situation.   See  Radiogram  1134. 

Enemy  situation  report  by  Radiograms  0535  and  1307. 

See  1/Skl  I  K  1890/42  Gkdos.  Chefs,  (copy  no.  1)  in  War  Diary,  Part  C, 
Vol.  I  about  a  survey  of  the  zones  of  operations  and  the  achievements 
of  the  auxiliary  cruisers  during  the  spring  of  1942. 


II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast: 

2  ground  mines  were  swept  off  the  mouth  of  the  Gironde.  Mine- 
exploding  vessel  I  was  damaged  and  is  temporarily  out  of  commission. 
The  Loire  River  mouth  was  closed  to  shipping  on  account  of  suspected 
mines.  An  enemy  plane  was  shot  down  off  Isle  de  Groix. 

Channel  Coast: 

Nothing  to  report  except  an  enemy  plane  shot  down  off  Boulogne 

-279"  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
24  Sep.  1942 

III.  North  Sea,  Norway.  Arctic  Ocean 

1.  North  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation: 

Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situation: 

Lively  enemy  air  activity  developed  over  the  coastal  area 
of  the  German  Bight  during  the  night  of  23  Sep.;  the  attacks  were  not 
concentrated  on  any  one  area,  but  were  evidently  for  mine-laying  and 
general  harassing  purposes.   Slight  damage  was  inflicted  on  the  Navy 
Yard  at  Wilhelmshaven.   For  details  see  Telegram  0722,  0750,  and  1010. 
Convoy  "1924"  was  unsuccessfully  bombed  from  great  altitude  around  mid- 
night off  Schiermonnikoog.   Steamer  SANTOS  suffered  slight  damage.  The 
light  artillery  carrier  FORTUNA  struck  a  mine  and  was  damaged  off 
Langeoog,  and  was  towed  to  Wilhelmshaven.   There  were  casualties.  With 
this  exception,  convoy  and  patrol  services  proceeded  according  to  plan. 

Ships  located  between  Hook  of  Holland  and  Scheveningen  were  fired  upon 
between  0733  and  0744  and  forced  to  withdraw. 

2.  Norway: 

Enemy  planes  dropped  aerial  torpedoes  in  the  vicinity  of  the 
Alta  battery.   Enemy  air  activity  is  reported  from  22  and  23  Sep.  over 
the  Arctic  coast.   Losses  of  personnel  occurred  at  Kirkenes,  but  no 
other  damage  was  reported.   In  the  forenoon  of  24  Sep.  enemy  planes 
operated  over  the  west  coast.   The  Air  Force  suspects  that  mines  were 
laid  off  Bergen. 

3.  Arctic  Ocean: 

Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  reported  a  number  of  merchant  vessels  under 
escort  of  3  destroyers  and  1  patrol  boat  on  a  200°  course  off  Cape 
Eystrahorn  (Iceland)  at  1230.   The  5th  Air  Force  assumes  they  are  part 
of  convoy  OJ  14  which  is  now  disbanding.   No  enemy  forces  v.ere  sighted 
along  the  route  from  the  North  Car»e  via  Bear  Island  and  the  Ice  Fjord 
to  77°  N,  05°  E. 

The  British  Admiralty  announces  the  arrival  on  23  Sep.  of  a  large 
British  and  American  convoy  at  a  northern  Russian  port.   Losses  were 
suffered  due  to  strong  enemy  attacks.   However,  most  ships  had  reached 
their  destinations.   No  escort  vessel  was  lost. 

This  communique  doubtless  refers  to  convoy  PQ  18. 

Own  Situation: 

a.    Our  submarines  were  unable  to  reestablish  contact  with 
convoy  QP  14.   A  search  of  the  coastal  area  of  northern  Iceland  was 
futile  in  spite  of  good  visibility.   The  operation  was  terminated.  It 
was  carried  out  at  first  by  10  and  in  the  end  by  7  submarines. 

Results:   Submarines  U  "435",  U  M703"  and  U  "488"  sank  3  destroyers, 
submarine  U  "435"  an  auxiliary  cruiser  and  U  "435"  and  U  "255"  2 
steamers  (totalling  27.600  GRT).   Tn  addition,  4  steamers  were  torpedoed 


-28O-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
24  Sep.  1942 

by  submarine  IT  "435". 

In  view  of  the  prevailing  conditions  this  result  is 
quite  satisfactory.   Submarine  U  "435"  (Lt.  Strelow) 
must  be  credited  with  most  of  the  success.  The  captain's 
name  was  unfortunately  not  mentioned  in  the  communique 
of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  as  suggested  by  the 
Naval  Staff. 

b.  The  Air  Force  Operations  Staff  replied  to  the  request  of 
the  Naval  Staff  (see  War  Diary  23  Sep.)  concerning  the  reported  success 
in  the  battle  against  convoy  PQ  18  as  follows: 

The  announcement  that  38  vessels  of  convoy  PQ  18  were  sunk  did  not 
originate  at  the  Air  Force  Operations  Staff,  which  reported  only  23 
ships  sunk  (through  Robinson).  The  Kurfuerst  intermediate  command 
(deputy  to  the  Chief,  Section  Ic )  added  2  probable  sinkings  to  this 
number.   The  Armed  Forces  High  Command  added  the  8  vessels  reported 
seriously  damaged  by  the  Air  Force  to  the  number  of  vessels  sunk.   The 
Air  Force  Operations  Staff  cannot  be  blamed  for  this.   The  matter  is 
being  investigated  as  carefully  as  indicated  in  the  Navy's  communica- 
tion.  This  information  tallies  perfectly  with  the  data  in  the  posses- 
sion of  the  Naval  Staff.   The  Air  Force  Operations  Staff  is  taking 
into  account,  however,  that  5  merchant  vessels  were  reported  during 
these  days  in  Byelushya  Bay  (Novaya  Zemlya),  which  apparently  joined 
the  convoy  north  of  Kanin  Nos#  The  reports  about  the  strength  of  the 
convoy  are  based  on  visual  observation  and  photos  were  not  taken  dur- 
ing these  days.   This  would  account  for  errors  concerning  the  type  but 
not  the  number  of  vessels,  considering  overcasts  ranging  from  80  to 
100$  and  ceilings  of  100  m. 

Granting  that  the  assumpt  ion  of  the  Air  Force  Operation? 
Staff  is  correct  and  ships  did  join  the  convoy  from 
Byelushya  Bay,  this  nevertheless  cannot  alter  the  fact 
that  approximately  20  vessels  of  convoy  PQ  18  reached 
Archangel;  it  could  possibly  serve  to  justify  to  a 
certain  extent  the  sinking  figures  reported  by  the  Air 
Force.  There  is  no  justification  for  adding  the  2 
probable  sinkings. 

We  must  now  await  the  forthcoming  explanation  of  the 
Operations  Staff,  Armed  Forces  High  Command.   It  is  un- 
likely that  the  ships  reported  damaged  were  included  in 
the  list  of  sinkings  without  good  cause,  which  may  not 
be  readily  apparent. 

c.  Group  North  submits  the  following  communication  received 
from  the  5th  Air  Force: 

The  extremely  tight  fuel  situation  in  which  the  5th  Air  Force  finds 
itself  requires  that,  in  addition  to  the  stringent  restrictions  of  air 
transport  services,  reconnaissance  and  combat  missions,  too,  must  be 
considerably  limited.  Thus  any  activity  will  have  to  be  limited  for 
the  time  being  to  supporting  the  Army  during  decisive  offensive  or 
critical  defensive  operations.  As  far  as  naval  operations  are  con- 
cerned, reconnaissance  must  be  limited  to  spot  checks  of  general  areas 
or  to  locally  concentrated  coverage  of  areas  directly  threatened  or  of 
target  areas. 

This  most  unpleasant  new  difficulty  arising  for  the  cony 
duct  of  naval  warfare  is  highly  regrettable.   In  addition 

-281-  B-105  2 


coitidential 

24  Sep.  1942 

to  the  fact  that,  as  reported  by  Grouo  North  or.  a  pre- 
vious occasion,  reconnaissance  flights  over  the  southern 
and  central  North  Sea  were  discontinued  a  long  time  ago> 
the  most  elementary  requirements  of  naval  warfare  for 
routine  reconnaissance  will  also  no  longer  be  met  from 
now  on  either  in  the  northern  North  Sea  or  in  the  Arctic 
Ocean.   In  view  of  the  constant  grave  threat  of  enemy 
attacks  on  the  northern  Norwegian,  ar??,  which  is  con- 
stantly emohasized  by  the  Fuehrer  himself,  the  Air  Force 
is  assuming  a  terrific  responsibility  in  taking  this  step. 

d.  Concerning  the  commitment  of  the  naval  fore  eg  (see  Tar 
Diary  13  Sep.),  Group  North  reoortei  on  17  3eo.  that  the  flRPITZ  will 
remain  at  Narvik  as  ordered.   At  the  same  time  the  Com  iral, 

Group  North  requested  "information  about  the  reasons  for  this  order 
and  directions  or  an  order  referring  to  the  rest  of  ray  forces  , so  as  to 
be  able  to  make  my  dispositions  conform  to  the  olans  of  the  Naval  Staff 
which  did  not  reach  me  and  in  order  to  avoid  having  to  cancel  oriers 
previously  issued  by  me.   I  intended  to  transfer  the  TIRPITZ  now  for  the 
following  reasons: 

(1)  Te  are  not  interested  in  tying  ur>  British  forces  in  the  north 
area  while  combatting  ^P  convoys  and  during  subsequent  onerations. 

(2)  b  problem  of  escorting  the  TIRFITZ  could  have  been  solved 
easily  now  with  2  torpedo  boats  available  for  -the  Durpose. 

(3)  My  long-range  plans  call  for  the  transfer  of  TIHPITZ  and 
SCHARNHORST  to  Trondheim,  of  HIPrZR,  ?RINZ  EUGEN,  SCHEZR,  and  possibly 

ITZOVf  to  Narvik,  of  :rJl?.::3ERG  and  KCELN  to  Alta  Fjord;  the  destroyers 
to  be  divided  in  the  proportion  1:1:3.   The  purpose  is: 

(a)  To  disperse  my  forces  and  avoid  concentration. 

(b)  To  take  into  account  existing  shipyard  facilities. 

(c)  To  orovide  jump-off  places  for  limited  onerations  and  for  defen- 
sive tasks  in  the  event  of  an  enemy  invasion.'* 

Group  North  should  have  realized  that  the  consent  of  the 
Naval  Staff  or  if  necessary  of  the  Fuehrer  through  the 
Naval  Staff  should  be  obtained  first  in  a  matter~of  such 
fundamental  importance  as  the  strategic  distribution  of 
the  German  Navy. 

The  Naval  Staff  replied  to  Group  North  on  24  Sep.   The  reply  comprises 
a  detailed  analysis  of  the  operational  possibilities  for  the  forces  in 
the  north  area  and  concluies  with  the  request  to  submit  his  plar.6  once 
more  revised  in  accordance  with  this  analvsis.   For  cooy  of  Telegram 
l/Skl  I  op  1862/42  Gkdos.  Chefs,  see  ^Tar  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  Ha. 


IV.   Skagerrak.  Baltic  Sea  Entrances.  Baltic  Sea 

Enemy  air  activity  during  the  night  of  23  Sen.  ranged  over  the 
Danish  area,  Schleswig-Holstein,  and  the  western  and  central  Baltic 
Sea  as  far  as  Darsser  Ort.   Bombs  were  dropped  among  other  places  at 
Flenscurg  and  TiBmar  and  caused  substantial  damage.  Mines  were  dropoed 


-282-  fr-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 


2k  Sep.   19^2 


off  Langeland  and  the  Baltic  Sea  entrances  were  closed  on  account  of 
suspected  ae'rial  mines.  For  details  see  Telegrams  0720,  O7I4.O,  1210, 
and  171I4  •  1  plane  crashed  near  Flensburg,  another  one  was  shot  down 
ty   a  patrol  boat   off   Omoe. 

9  acoustic   mines  were  swept   in   the  Baltic   Sea  entrances  by  mine-explod- 
ing  vessels    equipped  with  special   acoustic   mine-sweeping  gear. 

5  vessels    of   the   9th  Patrol  Boat  Flotilla   took  up  positions   in   a 
patrol   line    off  the  Swedish  coast   in   order    to  discourage  breakthrough 
attempts. 

Spec  la  1  Items  ; 

The  Baltic  Naval   Station's   request    (see  War   Diary   20    Sep.)    caused  an 
investigation  into   the  equipment    of  commands   with  protective  gear 
against  acoustic  mines;    this   check  revealed  that,   according  to   infor- 
mation from  the  Naval   Ordnance   Division,  Underwater   Obstacles  Branch, 
the   Mining;   and  Barrage   Inspectorate  had  warned  all  commands    on   20    Sep. 
of  the  urgency   of   protection  from  acoustic   mines   and  had  informed  them 
of   the   available  equipment.      The  Baltic  Naval  Station  evidently  did  not 
take   the  necessary  precautions  within   its   area  in  time  as  was  done 
by  other  commands.      On   21  Sep.   there  were    only  I4.  anti-acoustic    mine 
gears   In   the    area   of   the  Baltic   Naval   Station   and  I4.   in   that   of  the 
Commanding   Admiral,    Defenses,   Baltic    Sea,   whereas    the   Commanding  Ad- 
mirals,  Defenses,   North   and  West  had  6  and   12  respectively.     The  re- 
quest   of   the  Ealtic  Naval  Station   was   supported  by  the  Naval   Staff. 

Eastern  Baltic   Sea; 

Group  North  submits   a  belated  report    on  the   situation   of   12  Sep. 
according   to  which  the  Finnish   steamers  HERA   (1,379  GRT)    and  JUSSI  H. 
(2,525  GRT)   were    sunk  by  a   submarine  during   the   night    of    11  Sep.    In 
the  Finngrund  area  northeast    of  Gaevle. 


hted 


Nothing   to  report  from  the   area    of  the   Commander,   Mine   Sweepers, 
Baltic   Sea: 

Special  Items: 

a.  The  Naval   Liaison  Staff,   Finland  reports,  following   its   conferences 
with  the   Chief    of   the   Finnish  General   Staff  about   transfer   of  the   ships 
from  Lake   Ladoga,    that   Marshal  Mannerheim's   past  attitude   opposing    the 
withdrawal   of    the   coastal  mine -layers   and    Italian   subchasers   was   moti- 
vated mainly  by  his  hope  for  an   imminent   change   of   the  strategic   situa- 
tion   on   land.      Since    this   hope   did  not    materialize,   Gener-al    Heinrichs 
believes   that  the   Marshal  will  no  longer    oppose   the   transfer. 

This   report  was  forwarded  to  the   Armed  Forces  High  Command,    Operations 
Staff. 

b.  With  reference  to  the  sinking   of  motor  mine   sweeper   "11M    off   Reval, 
the   Commander,   Mine   Sweepers,  Baltic   Sea  commented  extensively   on  her 
war  diary  entries   of   11  Jun.    19^4-2.     Group  North   submits   the  war  diary 
together  with  the   comment   of  the   Commander,   Mine   Sweepers,   Baltic  Sea 
and  remarks   that  the   letter's   notes   reveal  a   chain   of   misunderstandings 
which  eventually  ended  with  the   fateful  mine   explosion.      A  clarification 


-283- 


8-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
24  Sep.  1942 

of  the  question  of  responsibility  can  be  expected  solely  fror  the  in- 
vestigation of  the  circunstances  of  the  sinking  or  the  subsequent 
court  martial  proceedings. 

In  its  reply  to  Group  North  (with  copy  to  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers, 
Baltic  Sea)  the  Naval  Staff  refers  to  its  previous  directive  (see  <Var 
Diary  12  Aug.)  and  states  that  the  Group's  comment  does  not  deal  with 
the  question  of  whether  notor  mine  sweeper  "11"  wes  advised  of  the 
Russian  mine  situation  according  to  the  information  the  Group  had  re- 
ceived.  The  Naval  Staff  requests  Group  North  to  see  that  this  point 
is  clarified  during  the  investigation  and  the  subsequent  court  martial 
proceedings. 


V.    Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  was  particularly  lively  over  the  Bar  of 
Biscay.   Apart  from  a  number  of  submarine  warning  signals,  a  r.essa^e 
reporting  an  attack  by  a  submarine  was  intercepted  from  east  of  the 
mouth  of  the  Orinoco  River. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Regarding  the  termination  of  operations  against  convoy  QJP 
14  see  Own  Situation,  Arctic  Ocean. 

Submarine  U  "610"  sighted  4  steamers  on  an  easterly  course  in  quadrant 
AE  1718  and  was  ordered  to  shadow  them. 

In  the  North  Atlantic  both  Group  "Blitz"  and  Group  "Vorwaerts"  are 
operating  against  the  2  incoming  convoys  observed  in  quadrant  AK. 

In  the  evening  a  third  convoy  of  12  steamers  and  0  escort  vessels,  this 
one  outbound,  was  reported  in  quadrant  AK  by  submarine  U  "599".   The 
boat  made  a  futile  attack  but  was  subsequently  driven  off.   The  sub- 
marines of  Group  "Blitz",  depending  on  their  positions,  thus  have  the 
possibility  of  operating  against  this  convoy,  tqp. 

3  submarines  also  attacked  3  single  ships  in  quadrant  AK  and  sank  an 
8,000  GRT  stear.er  and  the  stear.er  ROUMANIE  (3,563  GRT).   The  sinking  of 
the  third  ship  is  doubtful. 

No  reports  of  successes  from  the  U.S.  east  coast  were  received. 

In  the  West  Indies,  the  British  steamer  RSI35POOL  (4,898  GRT),  the  Nor- 
wegian steamer  LINDVA"jZ::  (2,412  3RT)  and  a  U.S.  steamer  of  4,500  GRT 
were  sunk  by  submarine  U  "515",  and  an  8,000  GRT  steamer  by  submarine 
U  "512". 

The  submarines  of  the  South  Atlantic  Group  "litis"  had  nothing  to  re- 
port . 

Submarine  U  "501"  sank  a  transport  sailing  vessel  in  the  !!editerrancan. 

For  further  news  see  supplement  to  submarine  situation  in  V.'ar  Diarv, 
Part  B,  Vol.  IV. 


-28%-  B_1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
24  Sep.  1942 

The  German  Armistice  Commission  confirms  the  reported  sinking  of  the   | 
Spanish  steamer  MONTE  UORBEA,  under  way  from  Buenos  Aires  to  Bilbao  via 
Curacao,  which  took  place  on  19  Sep.  at  14   55 •  N,  60°  00 »  W.   The 
Spanish  survivors  have  reached  Martinique. 

The  report  of  submarine  U  "612"  has  not  arrived  as  yet. 


VT.   Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity: 

Daylight  reconnaissance  and  fighter  bomber  attacks  on  Sea- 
ford  and  Hastings,  where  hits  were  scored.  York  and  the  alternate 
target  of  Beverley  were  attacked  during  the  night  of  23  Sep.   During 
the  night  of  24  Sep.  Truro  near  Falmouth  was  raided. 

2.  Incursions : 

45  enemy  planes  laid  mines  in  the  Baltic  Sea  as  far  as  Danzig 
and  in  the  German  Bight  during  the  night  of  24  Sep. 

3.  Mediterranean  Theater; 
Nothing  to  report. 

4.  Eastern  Front; 

Only  reconnaissance  reports  were  received  from  the  Black  Sea 
and  the  Arctic  Ocean. 


T» 


VII.  Warfare  in  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1.   Enemy  Situation,  Mediterranean; 

The  ship  situation  at  Gibraltar  has  not  changed  on  the  whole. 
No  further  increase  of  the  number  of  planes  was  observed.  Radio  monitor- 
ing at  0530  located  only  1  ship  east  of  the  Strait.   A  floating  crane 
was  tov/ed  from  Gibraltar  in  the  direction  of  the  Atlantic  under  escort 
of  2  vessels  in  the  evening  of  28  Sep. 

Several  submarines  were  located  in  the  central  and  eastern  Mediterranean, 

Reconnaissance  planes  spotted  what  seemed  to  be  a  motor  gunboat  on  a 
westerly  course  at  1710  70  miles  northeast  of  Marsa  Matruh  and  a  con- 
voy of  4  steamers  with  an  escort  of  2  destroyers  and  2  planes  on  a 
southerly  course  approximately  85  miles  north  of  Port  Said, 

An  agent  reports  that  1  cruiser,  10  destroyers,  6  transports,  5  loaded 
tankers,  and  5  submarines  left  Haifa  in  a  westerly  direction  on  22  Sep. 

Radio  monitoring  intercepted  a  number  of  air  reconnaissance  messages 
reporting  the  sighting  of  German  convoys  in  the  central  Mediterranean. 


-285-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
24   Sep.    1942 

2.  Own  Situation,    Mediterranean; 

The  Italian  torpedo  boat  TIFONE  struck  a  mine  off  Bari  and  wa,s 
towed  to  port. 

Tobruk  and  Trapani  were  raided  by  enemy  planes  during  the  night  of  22 
Sep. 

The  German  General  attached  to  Headquarters  of  the  Italian  High  Commandl 
reports  to  the  Operations  Staff,  Armed  Forces  High  Command  that  as 
previously  reported,  the  Italian  Command  attributes  particular  im- 
portance to  sealing  the  passage  between  Cape  Bon  and  Ras  Mustapha.   In 
order  to  be  able  to  close  this  gap  rapidly  in  an  emergency  by  means  of 
a  barrage  in  2  parts,  it  is  necessary  to  reduce  the  width  of  the  passage 
from  3  miles  to  1200  meters.   The  Italian  High  Command  requests  the 
Armed  Forces  High  Command  to  define  its  opinion  on  this  important  matter 
at  its  earliest  convenience. 

The  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  forwards  this  report  to  the  N&val  Staff 
and  remarks  that  the  plans  for  the  alarm  minefield  are  being  prepared 
by  the  Italian  Admiralty.   The  exact  location  will  be  reported  as  soon 
as  a  decision  is  made.   The  German  Naval  Command  Italy  suggests  com- 
plete sealing  of  the  territorial  waters  and  this  has  been  requested 
from  the  Italian  Admiralty.   (See  Telegram  1000.) 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa; 

Convoy  COL  DI  LAMA  was  attacked  during  the  evening  by  an  energy 
plane  north  of  Cape  Stilo.   Details  are  not  yet  reported,  neither  were 
reports  received  about  the  outcome  of  enemy  air  attacks  on  the  escorted 
tanker  R0NDINE. 

Otherwise,  supply  service  and  coastal  traffic  proceeded  according  to 
plan. 

4.  Area  Naval  Group  South: 
Aegean  Sea; 

Nothing  to  report* 

31ack  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation; 

According  to  radio  monitoring  and  air  reconnaissance,  move- 
ments of  warships  and  merchant  vessels  were  of  normal  volume  only.  No 
special  information  was  received. 

Own  Situation; 

Taman  Peninsula,  Kerch,  Balaklava  and  Sevastopol  were  attacked 
from  the  air  and  suffered  minor  damage  and  casualties.   The  towed  barges 
attacked  off  Cape  Takil   on  22  Sep.  were  attacked  again  on  23  Sep,  and 
suffered  casualties. 

Mine-sweeping,  convoy  and  transport  services  proceeded  according  to  plain. 
9,011  tons  of  goods  were  unloaded  at  Yeisk  between  4  and  20  Sep.   4 
Slebel  ferries  and  2  lighters  with  1,000  tons  of  ammunition  and  pro- 
visions for  Yeisk  were  held  up  at  Mariupol  for  lack  of  fuel. 


_286-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
24  Sep.  1942 

VIII.  Situation  East  Asia 

Japanese  Headquarters  announce  that  a  U.S.  NORTHAMPTON -class 
cruiser  was  damaged  by  Japanese  submarines. 

According  to  an  Exchange  Telegraph  dispatch,  a  Japanese  division  is 
moving  in  the  direction  of  Chengkiang  from  Burma. 


LX.   Army  Situation: 

1.   Russian  Front; 

Army  Group  A; 

The  right  wing  of  the  Army  Group  is  mainly  engaged  in  de- 
fensive fighting.   Kotlyarevski  at  the  Terek  sector  was  captured.  Stropg 
enemy  forces  are  holding  out  between  the  Terek  and  Baksan  Rivers. 

Army  Group  B: 

In  the  fighting  in  Stalingrad  a  few  more  blocks  of  the 
northern  section  of  the  city  were  captured.   South  of  Kotluban  the 
enemy  succeeded  in  advancing  to  our  supply  route  5  km  north  of 
Rassoshka.  At  the  northern  sector  of  the  Army  Group  we  are  on  the  de- 
fensive. 

Central  Army  Group ; 

An  enemy  strongpoint  at  Novosil  was  captured.  Northeast  and 
southeast  of  Rzhev  the  enemy  penetrated  temporarily  into  our  lines,  In 
the  Demidov  area  our  forces  captured  a  number  of  villages  and  our 
offensive  gained  some  ground  in  a  northeasterly  direction. 

Northern  Army  Group ; 

Enemy  attacks  were  repulsed  at  Kholm,  Lubnitsa,  at  the  land 
bridge  to  the  II  Army  Corps,  and  north  of  Novgorod.   A  bitter  seesaw 
battle  is  in  progress  southeast  of  Schluesselburg.   Our  forces  began  a 
new  offensive  in  the  direction  of  Gaitolovo. 

2.  Finnish  Front: 

Enemy  attempts  to  cross  the  Svir  River  were  frustrated.   2 
enemy  attacks  at  the  White  Sea  Canal  north  of  Povyenets  were  repulsed. 

At  the  Kandalaksha  sector  the  enemy  was  beaten  and  withdrew  in  a 
southeasterly  direction. 

3.  North  Africa: 

Normal  scouting  and  artillery  activity  on  both  sides. 

General  of  the  Panzer  Forces  Stumme  has  taken  over  temporary  command 
of  the  German-Italian  Panzer  Army  from  Field  Marshal  Rommel  who  is  on 
leave  for  reasons  of  health. 

4HMHKKHHHKHHHHHKKHHKHKHM** 


-287- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
25  Sep.  1942 

Items  of  Political  Importance 

Great  Britain: 

In  connection  with  the  numerous  accounts  describing  the  resentment ' 
of  the  Russian  people  over  tne  failure  to  establish  the  second  front, 
the  Daily  Telegraph  points  to  the  tremendous  demands  made  on  Great 
Britain's  and  America's  resources  from  every  part  of  the  world,  whicn 
cannot  be  fulfilled  because  of  the  lack  of  transport  facilities. 
The  need  for  merchant  tonnage  has  become  increasingly  urgent  luring 
the  summer. 

The  Food  Minister  declared  in  an  address  that  drastic  reluct  ions  in 
food  rations  are  unavoidable  during  the  next  12  raontns.   Tne  present 
living  standard  can  no  longer  be  maintained. 

Central  Africa; 

The  Times  reports  that  Brazzaville  and  Leopoldville  hfve  recently 
been  garrisoned  by  U.S.  forces.   Leopoldville  has  gained  particular 
importance  as  a  depot  for  tin  and  rubber  and  h36  taken  the  place  of 
Malaya  and  the  Dutch  East  Indies  in  this  respect.   Brazzaville  is 
the  political  center  of  De  Gaullist  Africa.   Both  towns  are  equally 
distant  from  Dakar,  Tunis  and  Alexandria,  a  fact  emphasized  by  the 
Times  in  connection  with  the  efforts  to  construct  trans-African  nign- 
ways. 

France: 

In  commemoration  of  the  anniversary  of  Dakar's  successful  resistance 
in  September  1940,  the  Governor  General  of  lest  Africa  stated  that 
there  is  general  unanimity  that  French  lest  Africa  must  be  defended 
against  the  greedy  attacks  to  which  the  country  is  exposed.  He 
termed  West  Africa  the  vanguard  of  the  North  African  bloc.  Marshal 
Petain  can  count  on  Test  Africa  under  all  circumstances. 

Finland: 

On  24  Sep.  the  Government  officially  denied  all  rumors  spreal  since 
20  Sep.  about  the  alleged  desire  for  a  separate  peace  witn  Russia 
and  termed  them  false  and  without  foundation.   See  Political  Review 
No.  225,  paragrapn  5  for  the  complete  text  of  tne  denial. 


Conference  on  the  Situation  with  the  Chief.  Naval  Staff 

No  reports  of  importance  were  made  nor  any  decisions  taken. 

As  reported  from  headquarters,  the  Chief  of  the  Army  General  Staff, 
General  Haider,  resigned  and  was  replaced  by  General  Zeitzler. 


Special  Items 

I.   A  report  is  made  on  further  interrogation  of  the  radio  operator 
of  the  captured  motor  gunboat  "335"  at  the  Wilhelmsnaven  Intelligence 


-288-  B_1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
25  Sep.  1942 

Center  and  information  about  the  operation  of  the  direction  finding 
gear.   The  Chief,  Communications  Division,  Naval  9taff  reports  on 
the  evaluation  of  this  information  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  lib. 

II.  A  special  announcement  issued  for  publication  by  Japanese  Head- 
quarters reveals  that  Japanese  naval  forces  have  begun  operations  in 
the  Atlantic  in  close  cooperation  with  the  Axis  Powers.  A  Japanese 
submarine  is  said  to  have  called  at  a  German  naval  base.   The  announce- 
ment emphasizes  that  Japanese  operations  in  the  Atlantic  are  a  counter- 
part of  German  naval  operations  in  the  Indian  Ocean  and  have  great 
significance. 

A  corresponding  announcement  was  issued  simultaneously  by  the  Armed 
Forces  High  Command. 

The  publication  took  place  by  speoial  Japanese  request.   The  Japanese 
evidently  feel  the  need  of  stressing  their  collaboration  in  the 
European  and  American  theaters  of  war  in  order  to  match  German 
activity  in  the  Indian  and  Pacific  Cceans. 

The  text  of  the  announcement  was  prepared  in  consultation  between 
the  Executive  Office  of  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  and  the  Japanese 
Naval  Attache. 

III.  The  Transocean  News  Agency  reports  from  Ankara  about  the  dis- 
position of  forces  in  the  Near  East:   Numerous  indications  point  to 
the  fact  that  British  forces  in  the  Near  East  are  being  concentrated 
more  and  more  on  the  Egyptian  front;  the  positions  relinquished  by 
the  British  in  Syria,  Palestine,  Iraq  and  Iran  are  occupied  by 
auxiliary  contingents  and  newly  arriving  U.S.  forces.   Command  posts 
of  the  U.S.  Air  Force  are  said  to  have  already  been  established  at 
Beirut,  Lydda  and  at  the  large  Habbania  airfield  west  of  Bagdad.   A 
large  number  of  Polish  units,  released  from  Russian  captivity  and 
reorganized  by  British  offioers,  are  garrisoned  in  Palestine.  Apart 
from  Australian  forces,  Greek  troops  and  De  Gaullist  units  are  said 
to  be  in  Syria.   The  number  of  U.S.  troops  in  Iraq  is  estimated  to 
exceed  that  of  the  remaining  British  forces.  U.S.  contingents  seem 
to  be  in  the  majority  in  Iran,  too,  although  reports  that  U.S.  forced 
have  taken  over  the  northern  Iranian  zone  occupied  thus  far  by 
Russia  could  not  be  confirmed.   The  U.S.  have  a  liaison  staff  in 
Tabriz  because  U.S.  planes  are  delivered  there  to  Russia.   The  best 
units  of  the  Soviet  occupation  forces  in  Iran  have  been  transferred 
to  the  Caucasian  front  and  have  been  replaced,  according  to  Turkish 
reports,  by  units  composed  of  women.  This  seems  to  have  been  the 
decisive  factor  in  the  revival  of  revolts  in  northern  Iran. 


Situation  25  Sep.  1942 

I.   War  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.   Enemy  Situation: 

Both  the  French  and  the  British  official  communiques 
report  the  capture  of  Madagascar's  capital  city  Tananarive  by 
British  forces  on  23  Sep. 

According  to  Reuter,  U.S.  Secretary  of  War  Stimson  announced  on 

24  Sep.  that  the  new  Alaska  highway  will  be  opened  for  traffic  on 
_q nnn.  1EH2 


-289- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
86  Sep.    1942 

Otherwise  nothing  to  report* 

2.   Own  Sltuatloni 

The   mmnJ  io  direotod  by  Radiogram  2347   to  pass  300 
to  350  milee  eaat  of  8t.  Paul*  a  Rook  and  to  prooeed  to  ooint  " Takel^ger. 

Enemy  situation  report  by  Radiogram  1436* 


^I.        Situation  West  Area 

1.        Enemy  Situation,: 

According  to  an  intolligtnoe  report,   the  battleships  HOWX 
and  ANSON  are  to  be  commitaioned  in  the  Firth  of  Forth  on  26  Sep. 

The  idle  tonnage  available  at   southern  and  western  ports   is  decreas- 
ing,   while  the  number  of  ferry   ships  to  be  used  in  landing  operation^ 
following  the  capture  of  a  harbor    is  on  the   increase.      8  or  9  of 
these  craft  allegedly  left  port   for  the  Dieppe  raid,   but  were  not 
used. 

3.       Own  Situation: 

Atlantlo  Coast: 

The  Loire  River  estuary  was  reopened  to  traffic.     6  ground 
■lnes  were  sweot   off  the  Olrondo. 

Channel  Coast: 

Nothing  to  report* 

8peclal   Itama: 

The  Naval  Reproaontatlve  on  the   Operations  Staff/ Armed 
Foroes  High  Command  report!  that  the  Fuehrer  has  reoeived  an  aooount 
on  the  distribution  of  food,   tobacco,   etc.   captured  at   Dieppe,  whioh 
is  bound  to  refleot  badly  on  the  Savy. 

The  Naval  Staff  orders  Group  West   to  report   on  the  matter  im- 
nedlately.      The  immediate  reply  submitted  by  the  Commanding  Admiral, 
Group  West  is  contained  in  Telegram  l/Skl  33307/43  geh.      For  oopy 
see  War   Diary,   file   "Enemy  Landing  at   Dieppe,   19  Sep.    1942". 

The  report  was   transmitted  literally  to  the   Naval  Representative   on 
the  Operations  Staff,   Armed  Foroes  High  Command,   who  stated  in 
reply  to  questioning  that  the  Futhror  had  received  the   first  report 
from  the  Minister  of  Armament  and  War  Production.     Thus   court 
martial  proceedings,   which  the  Commanding  Admiral,   Group  West  sug- 
gested because  of   the  scandalous  distortion  of  the  truth  in  in- 
forming the  Fuehrer   oan  not  bo  undertaken. 

The  Commander  in  Chief,   Nary  will  avail  himself  of  the  next  op- 
portunity to  discuse  thla  matter  with  the  Fuehrer. 


S-10S2 


> 


CONFIDENTIAL 
25   Sep.    1942 

III.    North  Sea.    Norway.   Arctic  Ocean 

1.      North   Sea: 

Enemy  Situation: 

Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situation: 

Between  2220  and  0020  during  the  night  of  24  Sep.  enemy 
mine-laying  planes  were  busy  over  the  German  Bight.  Mines  are 
suspected  at  the  East  Frisian  Islands,  off  the  Elbe  River  mouth 
and  west  of  Sylt. 

Mine  sweeping  was  handicapped  by  bad  weather. 

2.  Norway : 

Enemy  Situation: 

Intelligence  reports  assert  that  American,  Canadian, 
Norwegian,  and  British  troops  have  been  concentrated  on  the 
Orkney  Islands  for  a  raid  on  northern  Norway  scheduled  for 
October.   Originally,  the  action  was  planned  for  September.  10 
divisions  are  said  to  be  standing  by. 

An  agent  reported  on  24  Sep.  that  5  major  warships  were  sighted 
that  day  off  Honningsvaag. 

Own  Situation: 

Enemy  air  activity  was  reported  on  23  and  24  Sep.  over 
the  Arctic  coast,  on  24  and  25  Sep.  over  the  west  coast  (Stavanger), 
and  on  25  Sep.  over  06lo.   Damage  was  confined  to  Oslo. 

Convoy  service  proceeded  according  to  plan. 

An  investigation  by  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway,  made  by  order 
of  the  Naval  Staff  in  compliance  with  a  suggestion  of  the  Reich 
Commissioner  of  Maritime  Shipping,  resulted  in  the  reoeal  of  the 
limitation  imposed  on  shipping  between  Kirkenes  and  Petsamo. 
However,  larger  ships  should  be  sent  only  in  the  most  urgent 
cases  and  under  favorable  weather  conditions  only,  in  view  of  the 
threat  from  gunfire  and  on  account  of  the  difficulties  of  naviga- 
tion in  the  approach  to  Petsamo  Fjord. 

Information  to  this  effect  by  Telegram  1210. 

3.  Arctio  Ocean: 

Enemy  Situation: 

According  to  intelligence  from  Sweden  dated  24  Sep.  and 
based  on  observations  of  a  reliable  agent,  a  large  northbound 
convoy  from  Canada  to  Russia  was  at  59°  58'  N,  44°  15'  W  on 
22  Sep.  1942. 

This  looks  like  the  beginning  of  convoy  operation 
P4  19. 


B-1052 
-2^1- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


25   Sep.   1942 


It  iB  reported  that  efforts  of  the  Allies  to  increase  the  shipment 
of  war  material  to  Russia  may  be  expected  in  the  immediate  future. 

According  to  radio  monitoring,  6  or  7  British  6hips  were  in  the 
Archangel  area  on  25  Sep.  A  Russian  pilot  vessel  is  missing  in 
the  Kanin  Nos  area. 

No  tactical  information  was  gained  from  air  reconnaissance  in  the 
Arctic  Ocean. 

Own  Situation: 

The  HIPPER  and  destroyers  Z  "13",  Z  "29",  Z  "30"  and 
Z  H28"  of  the  8th  destroyer  Flotilla  sailed  as  planned  at  2100 
of  24  Sep.  for  operation  "Zarin". 

Nothing  else  to  report. 

Special  Items: 

As  previously  reported,  submarine  TJ  "334"  wa6  strafed 
and  bombed  by  a  Ju  88  while  operating  against  convoy  P^  17  in 
quadrant  A3  ?953.  An  investigation  conducted  by  the  5th  Air 
Force  shed  no  light  on  the  incident.   The  Naval  Staff  is  firmly 
convinced  that  the  attacking  plane  was  a  German  Ju  88,  but  is  not 
going  to  follow  up  the  matter  in  view  of  an  agreement  to  this 
effect  between  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Group  North  and  the  Com- 
mander, 5th  Air  Force. 

For  copy  of  l/Skl  I  Nord  23512/42  Gkdos.,  ^hich  was  forwarded  to 
Group  North  and  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean,  see  War  Diary,  file 


n 


Rce8s el sprung" . 


IV.  Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances.  Baltic  Sea 

During  the  night  of  24  Sep.  aoproxiraately  30  British  planes 
flew  over  the  Danish  area  and  laid  mines  as  far  as  Danzig  Bay. 

An  acoustic  mine  was  swapt  south  of  Kela  off  Gjedser,  another 
one  off  Malmoe,  and  4  in  the  Little  Belt. 

e  patrol  line  off  the  Swedish  coast  is  occupied  by  3  patrol 
boats.  Convoy  service  in  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral, 
Defenses,  Baltic  Sea  proceeded  according  to  plan. 

Bad  weather  prevented  mine-sweeping  in  the  eastern  Baltic  Sea. 
Submarine  chase  and  convoy  service  according  to  plan. 


V.   "erchant  Shipping 

The  Reich  Commissioner  of  Maritime  Shipping  doubts  whether 
it  is  feasible  to  place  construction  contracts  with  Spanish 

s  and  whether  it  is  possible  to  acquire  Spanish  tonnage 
for  Germany  as  suggested  by  the  Naval  Staff.   (See  ""Tar  Diary 
24  Aug.)   All  Spanish  slipways  are  occupied  and  furthermore 


-292-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
25  Sep.  1942 

Spanish  laws  prohibit  the  construction  of  ships  for  foreign 
accounts  in  Spanish  shipyards  and  the  sale  of  Spanish  tonnage  to 
foreigners.  As  indicated  by  the  Reich  Commissioner  of  Maritime 
Shipping,  every  chance  to  obtain  additional  Spanish  shipping  space 
by  surreptitious  means  is  utilized  to  the  utmost.   These  negotia- 
tions, which  are  rather  difficult,  are  made  mostly  for  the  Navy, 
and  are  in  the  hands  of  the  Deputy  for  the  Four  Year's  Plan. 
Repairs  on  German  ships  or  ships  chartered  by  Germany  are  con- 
stantly being  done  at  Spanish  yards. 

Acoording  to  a  communication  of  the  Shipping  and  Transport  Branch, 
Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division,  the  Navy  owns  the  following 
ships  now  in  Spain: 

1.  10  ships  totalling  4,375  GRT  of  the  shipping  firm  Com- 
mercial Uaritima  de  Transportes,  which  belongs  entirely  to  the 
German  Navy. 

2.  Bought  by  acquiring  the  entire  capital  stook,  but  not 
yet  in  operation  are: 

a.  Approximately  6  steamers  of  the  Compagnia  Naviera 
Bachi  with  a  total  loading  capacity  of  5,176  to  6,090  tons.   (5  of 
them  in  the  Mediterranean,  1  on  the  northern  Spanish  coast.) 

b.  4  trawlers  of  the  Sociedad  Pesquera  Vizcainan  in 
northern  Spain. 

3.  Under  construction  for  the  Navy: 

-  a.   20  wooden  auxiliary  sailing  vessels  at  Valencia. 

b.  2  transport  steamers  of  300  tons  loading  capacity 
each,  at  Barcelona. 

c.  4  motor  ships  of  the  same  size  at  Valencia,  for  2 
of  which  suitable  motors  have  to  be  provided. 


VI.  Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

The  escort  vessel  ROCKROSE  (800  GRT)  was  torpedoed  at 
1621,  225  miles  southeast  of  Reykjanes,  according  to  radio 
monitoring. 

From  the  Gulf  of  St.  Lawrence  we  intercepted  3  submarine  sighting 
reports  and  a  report  about  an  attack  on  a  submarine  following 
which  oil  slicks  were  observed.   Other  submarine  sighting  reports 
originated  off  the  Newfoundland  coast  and  off  Cape  Hatteras.  A 
ship  east  of  Trinidad  reported  a  submarine  attack. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Nothing  to  report  from  the  Norwegian  submarine  group. 


-293- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
25  Sep.  1942 

In  the  North  Atlantic  contact  with  the  first  incoming  convoy 
intercepted  by  submarine  U  "258"  could  not  be  reestablished.   17 
boats  are  operating  against  the  second  incoming  convoy.   The  enemy 
was  spotted  once  more  at  1200  and  attacked  by  10  submarines  in  the 
course  of  the  afternoon.   The  convoy  in  question  is  probably  an 
"AT"  convoy  and  consists  of  an  unusually  great  number  of  trans- 
ports (fast  convoy  from  America  to  the  British  Isles).   Submarine 
U  "96"  reported  sinking  a  10,000  GRT  steamer,  submarine  U  "216" 
3  hits  on  a  large  2-funnel  steamer  of  at  least  10,000  GRT,  but 
probably  more.   Hydrophone  observation  established  that  she 
probably  sank.   6  submarines  attacked  unsuccessfully. 

The  outgoing  convoy  observed  on  24  Sep.  in  quadrant  AK  55  by  sub- 
marine U  "599"  was  not  seen  again.   Submarine  U  "432"  sank  steamer 
PENNMAR  (5,000  GRT)  in  quadrant  AK  2721. 

The  convoy  of  4  steamers  reported  by  submarine  U  "610"  at  the 
northern  entrance  of  Denmark  Strait  turned  out  to  be  a  group  of 
fishing  steamers.   The  submarines  U  "610",  U  "620",  and  U  "253" 
were  ordered  to  proceed  to  quadrant  AK  30  in  the  Atlantic. 

No  successes  were  reported  from  the  American  coast. 

From  the  "Test  Indies  it  is  reported  by  submarine  U  "517"  that  the 
8,000  GRT  steamer  sunk  in  quadrant  EO  1419  had  already  been 
damaged  by  torpedo  hits  and  was  accompanied  by  2  vessels.  Sub- 
marine U  "512"  is  ordered  to  reoort  the  circumstances  under  which 
steamer  MONTE  GORBEA  was  sunk. 

The  boats  of  the  South  Atlantic  and  Mediterranean  groups  had 
nothing  to  report. 

Special  Item: 

See  1/Skl  I  U  1871/42  Gkdos.  Chefs,  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  IV 
for  copy  of  the  report  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  on 
his  plans  for  operations  of  type  XD2  submarines  at  the  southeast 
African  coast,  copy  of  the  plan  of  the  Italian  Commander,  Mine 
Sweepers,  Bordeaux  to  commit  submarine  AMMIRAGLIO  CAGNI  in  ap- 
proximately the  same  area  and  finally  the  copy  of  the  approval 
of  these  plans  by  the  Naval  Staff. 


VII.  Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity; 

The  day  passed  without  any  major  event.   During  the 
night  of  25  Sep.  our  forces  attacked  Penzance  with  observed  good 
results. 

2.  Incursions; 

Several  daylight  flights  into  the  Oslo  area  were  ap- 
parently aimed  at  a  meeting  of  the  National  Samling  (Quisling's 
party,  Tr.  N. )  held  at  the  square  in  front  of  the  royal  castle, 
but  failed  to  interfere  with  it.  For  other  damage  inflicted  see 
daily  situation  report.   During  the  night  mines  were  laid  in 
Dutch  and  Danish  waters  and  in  the  German  Bight. 


-29*- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
25  Sep.    1942 

3.  Mediterranean  Theater: 

U.S.  fighter  planes  made  their  first  appearance  over 
Malta.   Successful  missions  were  flovm  by  our  air  forces  at  the 
Egyptian  front.   Otherwise  reconnaissance  activity. 

4.  Eastern  Front: 

30  enemy  planes  were  shot  down  on  24  Sep.  and  27  planes 
on  25  Sep.  at  the  various  army  sectors. 

Nothing  else  to  report. 


VIII.  Warfare  in  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  3ea 

1.   Enemy  Situation.  Mediterranean: 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Spain,  Gibraltar 
was  attacked  on  the  evening  of  24  Sep.  by  two  single  planes.   Damage 
has  not  been  ascertained.   The  number  of  ships  in  the  harbor  is 
slightly  higher  than  on  the  day  before.   Apart  from  the  ships 
regularly  lying  at  Valletta  7  submarines  were  observed  there. 
The  tonnage  at  Alexandria  had  increased  by  approximately  10,000  GRT 
as  compared  to  20  Sep.   Besides,  there  were  37  small  craft,  ap- 
parently landing  barges. 

Photo  reconnaissance  of  Suez  revealed  that  merchant  tonnage  has 
increased  by  28,000  GRT  since  23  Sep. 

In  the  forenoon  4  transports  and  2  destroyers  or  escort  vessels 
and  a  group  of  3  warships  were  sootted  approaching  Alexandria. 

Radio  monitoring  intercepted  reports  of  British  reconnaissance 
planes  in  the  central  Mediterranean. 

2.   Own  Situation,  Mediterranean: 

An  enemy  PT  boat  headed  toward  the  coast  of  Tobruk  was 
scared  off  by  Italian  warning  shots  during  the  night  of  23  Sep. 

a  coast  guard  station  on  Linosa  Island  was  fired  upon  by  an  enemy 
submarine  on  the  evening  of  25  Sep.   The  Italian  subchaser  CYPROS 
sank  on  the  forenoon  of  24  Sep.  off  Zante  for  unknown  cause  fol- 
lowing an  explosion.   The  Italian  steamer  FIUME  (386  GRT)  was 
sunk  on  the  same  day  off  Rhodes  by  an  enemy  submarine. 

In  connection  with  the  report  of  the  German  General  attached  to 
Headquarters  of  the  Italian  Armed  Forces  High  Command  (see  War 
Diary  24  Sep.)  the  Naval  Staff  submits  a  plan  of  how  best  to 
solve  the  problem  of  sealing  the  French  territorial  waters  off 
Cape  Bon  to  the  Naval  Representative  on  the  Operations  Staff, 
Armed  Forces  High  Command,  with  copy  to  the  German  Naval  Command, 
Italy. 

For  copy  of  Telegram  l/Skl  Ira  1902/42  Gkdos.  Chefs,  see  Tar 
Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XIII. 


-295- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
25  Sep.  1942 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa; 

Steamer  PAL01IBA  did  not  reach  Tripoli  since  6he  was  surk 
on  23  Sep.  off  Cape  Curiat  by  an  enemy  submarine.   An  auxiliary 
sailing  vessel  engaged  in  coastal  shipping  ran  ashore  on  23  Sep. 
at  LJarsa  el  Gazella. 

Nothing  else  to  report. 

4.  Area  Naval  Group  South: 

Aegean  Sea; 

3  Swedish  supply  ships  sailed  from  Piraeu6  on  24  Sep. 
Convoy  service  proceeded  according  to  plan. 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Aegean  Sea  reports  for  the  period  from 
15  Jun.  to  14  Jul.  that  there  were  39  convoys  in  the  Aegean  Sea, 
escorted  by  destroyers,  torpedo  boats,  and  other  ships,  and  3 
convoys  to  and  from  North  Africa,  all  3  escorted  by  destroyers, 
and  torpoio  boats,  and  2  by  subchasers  as  well. 

During  the  period  from  15  Aug.  to  14  Seo.  the  number  of  convoys 
within  the  Aegean  Sea  increased  to  60,  requiring  23  destroyer  and 
24  torpedo  boat  escort  missions,  etc.,  while  the  number  of  North 
African  convoys  rose  to  34  requiring  15  destroyer  and  35  torpedo 
boat  escort  missions.   To  the  above  figures  must  be  adied  traffic 
by  means  of  Spanish  steamers  and  auxiliary  sailing  vessels  which 
operated  without  escorts. 

The  above  figures  illustrate  among  other  things 
the  weakness  of  our  escort  service  particularly 
in  the  North  Africa  traffic. 

Black  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation; 

According  to  radio  monitoring,  battleship  PARIZHSKAYA 
KOLiUNA  was  proceeding  130  miles  west  of  Ochemchiri  in  the  evening 
of  24  Sep.   A  submarine  was  sighted  east  of  Yalta  during  the 
night  of  23  Sep.  .Reconnaissance  revealed  nothing  unusual  about 
convoy  traffic  along  the  Caucasian  coast. 

Own  Situation; 

An  Italian  subchaser  operated  during  the  night  of  24  Sep, 
against  the  submarine  sighted  east  of  Yalta. 

During  the  same  night  PT  boats  S  "26"  and  S  "49"  operated  off 
Gelendzhik  and  sank  2  steamers  of  1,500  and  2,000  GRT  anchored 
off  Cape  Idukopas.   No  convoys  were  sighted. 

Mine-sweeping  activities  off  Sevastopol,  in  the  Kerch  Strait  and 
off  Varna  proceeded  according  to  plan.   A  lighter  sank  on  24  Sep. 
in  Beresinki  Canal  due  to  an  influence  mine. 

Enemy  air  activity  increased  on  24  Sep.   2  naval  barges  and  com- 
munication and  harbor  installations  at  Kerch  were  damaged.   Aerial 
mines  are  suspected  to  have  been  laid  southeast  of  Feodosiya. 


-296-  s-1052 


> 


CONFIDENTIAL 
35  Sep.  1942 

Convoy  service  on  schedule.   The  Group  decided  to  operate  the 
steamers  KASSA,  KOLOZSVAR,  BUDAPEST  and  VOLGO-DON  in  the  Sea  of 
Azov  exclusively. 

Special  Items; 

The  Naval  Liaison  Officer  to  the  Army  General  Staff  informs  the 
Naval  Staff  Operations  Division  and  the  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster 
Division  of  his  concern  about  the  effects  of  enemy  mine-laying 
operations  upon  our  future  supply  traffic  off  the  Caucasian  coast 
and  of  the  order  given  to  Naval  Group  South  to  investigate  whether 
it  is  possible  to  procure  the  urgently  needed  reinforcement . of 
modern  mine-sweeping  equipment  (approximately  3  motor  mine  sweeper 
flotillas)  from  Germany.   (See  Telegram  1900.) 

The  Naval  Staff  Operations  Division  and  the  Naval  Quartermaster 
Division  also  receive  copies  of  the  questionnaire  teletyped  to 
Group  South  by  the  Naval  Liaison  Officer  to  .the  Army  General  Staff, 
concerning  past  and  expected  future  transport  performance,  which 
show  that  in  the  Naval  Liaison  Officer's  ooinion  the  supply  ship- 
ments in  the  Black  Sea  and  the  Sea  of  Azov  are  by  no  means  suf- 
ficient to  meet  the  operational  requirements  of  the  Army.   (See 
Telegram  1901.) 

The  Chief,  Operations  Division,  Naval  Staff  thereupon  telephoned 
the  Naval  Liaison  Officer  to  the  Army  General  Staff  and  pointed 
out  that  his  method  of  gathering  information  could  not  be  ap- 
proved; the  Naval  Liaison  Officer  asserted  that  he  had  merely 
intended  to  pick  up  all  pertinent  data  in  order  to  be  prepared 
for  the  expected  protests  on  the  part  of  the  newly  appointed  Chief 
of  the  Army  General  Staff.  He  was  then  told  that  the  Navy  did 
everything  within  its  power  to  meet  the  demands  of  the  other 
service  branches  with  regard  to  supply  and  transport,  and  was  in- 
structed to  get  in  touch  with  the  Admiral,  Black  Sea,  so  that  he 
would  be  able  to  present  the  measures  taken  by  the  Navy  to  the 
Army  General  Staff  in  a  correct  light. 


IX.   Situation  East  Asia 

The  U.S.  Navy  Department  announced  the  loss  of  destroyer 
JARVIS  off  Guadalcanal  and  of  U.S.  auxiliary  transport  LITTLE 
(World  War  I  destroyer)  in  the  Solomon  Islands. 


X.    Army  Situation 

1.   Russian  Front; 

Army  Group  A; 

The  operations  at  the  western  sectors  of  the  Army  Group 
are  characterized  by  extraordinarily  stubborn  enemy  resistance 
encountered  particularly  in  the  Shapsupskaya  area.   In  the  first 


"297-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
25   Sep.    1942 

stage   of  our  offensive  toward  Tuapse  the   101st  Light   Infantry 
vision  broke   through  heavily  fortified   enemy  positions  after 
bitter   fighting  and  reached   the  area  west-southwest   of   the 
Khadizhenskaya   railway  station. 

At   the   easterr.  wing  the  23rd   Panzer  Division  established  a  bridge- 
bead  across   the   Baksan  River   south  of  Novo  Poltavskoye  after   over- 
coming similar   stubborn  enemy  resistance.      The  village   itself  was 
attacked  from  the   south  and  southeast  by   a  flanking  maneuver   of 
the   13th  Panzer    Division.      Illarinovka  was  captured.      The  111th 
Infantry  Division  repulsed  an   enemy  counterattack. 

Army  Group  S; 

In  the  northern  section  of  Stalingrad  we  captured  the 
block  of  Communist  Party  buildings.   Enemy  pressure  at  Yersovka 
and  Kotluban  continued.   The  gain  achieved  by  our  counterattack 
at  the  Voronezh  penetration  point  could  not  be  held.   An  enemy 
batallion  established  itself  at  both  banks  of  the  Veduga  River 
mouth  on  the  west  bank  of  the  Don  River.   An  enemy  penetration 
occurred  also  north  of  Korsun  and  led  to  a  counterattack  on  our 
part. 

Central  Army  Group: 

Enemy  attacks  north  of  the  Vyazma-Kaluga  railroad  were 
repulsed  in  hand  to  hand  fighting.   The  enemy  did  not  resume  his 
attacks  in  the  Rzhev  area.   The  penetration  north  of  Byela  was 
cleaned  up  in  bitter  close-range  fighting  and  ground  was  gained 
in  the  Demidov  area.   One  of  our  divisions  attacked  from  the 
newly  won  position  and  fought  its  way  to  a  few  villages  and 
hilltops  which  were  captured.  Also  at  Velizh  we  oocupied  2 
villages. 

Northern  Army  Group: 

Renewed  enemy  attacks  on  the  northern  flank  of  the  land 
triage  to  the  II  Army  Corps  were  repulsed.   Continuing  the  attack 
tr.e  two  assault  groups  succeeded  in  making  contact  with  each 
other  at  Gaitolcvo.   The  southern  wedge  is  still  being  enlarged. 
Our  attack  on  the  Chernaya  River  sector  is  making  progress. 

2.  Finnish  Front: 

It  became  evident  that  the  enemy  is  concentrating  on 
the  Svirstroi  electric  power  plant  sector  of  the  Svir  River  front. 
This  is  true  to  a  lesser  degree  at  the  Maselskaya  sector. 

3.  North  Africa: 

Artillery  fire  has   become  heavier. 


-298- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


wing  groups  have  started  another 
a  second  European  front  and 
which  would  menace  England  If 
with  unchecked  fury  following 
For  details  see  Political 


26  Sep.    I9I42 

Items    of   Political  Importance 

Great   Britain   and  U.S.A.: 

Radical  British  and  American   left 

campaign  for  the  establishment    of 

point   in  particular   to    the   threat 

the  Germans   were   to   turn  westward 

a  collapse   of    Russian    resistance. 

Review  No.   226,    paragraph   1.     It  had  to  he   expected  that   heavy 

pressure   would  he  exerted  on  VYillkie   during  his  visit   to   Russia 

so  that  he   would  continue  his   trip  advocating   the   immediate 

opening    of  a   second  front;    this  Is   borne    out  by   the  news   coming 

from  Moscow, 

U.S.A.; 

United  Press    reports    an   announcement   issued  by   the   Maritime 
Commission   according    to  which   the   6,000,000  GRT  construction  goal 
for   19l|2  will  probably  be   reached   and  the   goal   of    15,000,000   to 
16,000,000  GRT  for    the   coming  year  will    likewise  be  reached, 
provided   the  necessary  raw  materials    are  available.  ' 

It  is  hard  to  believe   that  an    official  agency  would 
release  propaganda   of   this    type    with  such  qualif- 
ications. 

United  Press   also  reports    1iiat  the  Undersecretary  of   the  Navy 
in  an  address    to  a   shipyard  workers'    convention  warned   of   the 
danger   of    over-optimism  and  complacency  in  no  uncertain  terms 
and  stated  that   the  U.S.A.   will   lose   the   war    if    America  does 
not   wholeheartedly  concentrate    on   the  war  effort. 

Chile: 

President  RIos  declared  In  a  press  conference  that  no  agreements 
whatsoever  had  been  signed  during  his  visit  to  the  U.S.A. 

Turkey: 

According   to  a   Times   report,    the  contracts   for  the  purchase    of 
Turkish  products  by  Great  Britain  have  been   signed.'     Moreover, 
negotiations   are   under  way  for  British  purchases    of  Turkish 
chromium  ore. 


Situation   26   Sep.    I9I+2 

I.        War  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 
Nothing   to  report. 

2.  Own   Sltuatl  on: 

According    to  dead  reckoning,    the   DRESDEN  will   overtake 
the  KULMERIAND  in   the   South  Atlantic  between   the  i^th   and   5th 
reference   points   after   point    "Rose". 


-299- 


B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 

26    -.-    .    -    .2 

Bot  : erefore   instructed  by   Radiogram  1225  th  t    the 

Is   to   stay  100  miles   eart   and  the   "J  to  stay  100 

les    .vest   of   the  main  coarse.      Moreover,    the   I  LAND  is  to 

reduce  her    3peed  for  2  days  between  point    "Kurbelwelle"   and  the 
latitude    of    point   BSae  .9  "   so   that    the   ships  will   pass    one  another 
in  the   central  South  Atlantic. 

As  reported  by    the   KUL  the  ship  is   expected   to  pass   point 

"Kurzgeleit"   on   2  Oct.      A  check   of   this    report   at  the  Naval   Staff 
by  dead  reckoning    shows    that   the    progress  at   cruising   speed   is 
calculated   on   a  very  conservative  basis    ^nd  that  weather   conditions 
were  t  account. 

The  Naval    Staff   in.  to  this   effect   and  counts 

on  the    ship's   passing   the   above   mentioned  point  between  2&   and 
JO  Sep,      She   is  then   to  proceed  via  points    "Kurbelwelle"   and 
"Kulaination".      (See   Radiogram  1736.) 

The  ftESERIAND  is    ordered  by  Telegram  19U&   to  proceed  according  to 
r  sailing   instructions    after   passing   point    "v.elle". 

Ship    "I4.5"   reported   on   25  Sep.  being  ready  for  operations,    except 
for  the  autogyro   observation  kite  which  will  be   delivered   on  28  Sep, 


II .      Situation  West   Area 

1.  Zr.emy   Situation; 

Radio  monitoring   intercepted  messages  beginning  2019 
involving    the    rescue    of   British   flyers    approximately   52  miles 
west-southwest   of  Guernsey,    in  which  the   CLEVELAND,    J  destroyers, 
torpedo  bort  KRAKO'.VIAK,    and  6   motor   launches    took  part   under 
protection   of   3  Hudsons.      Altogether,   7   shins,    2   subchasers,    1 
patrol  vessel,    8  motor   launches,    15   escort   vessels,    and  L    vessels 
of   undetermined  classification  were   located   at   sea. 

2.  Own    Situation; 

Atlantic   Coast; 

Group  'Jest    orders   the    blockade-runner  bRAKE   to  sail 
on  27   Sep. 

Channel  Coast; 

Mine-laying    operations    of    the   2nd,   i+th,   and  6th  PT  Eoat 
Flotillas   are  scheduled  for  the   evening. 

Ships    of  the    56th  and  J>bth  Mine   Sweeper  Flotillas  were  bombed  and 
strafed  by  enemy  planes  between   Calais    and  Blanc  Nez   in   the 
early  morning  hours    of  26   Sep.   and   suffered  minor   damage. 


-300-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
26   Sep.    19l|2 

III.   North   Sea,   Norway,    Arctic    Ocean 

1.  North  Sea: 

A  Danish  wooden  trawler  sank  off  Llavandshuk  due  to  a 
mine,  probably  an  acoustic  mine.   At  0020  the  mine-exploding  vessel 
"II4.5  was  unsuccessfully  attached  by  bomber3.   Several  air  attacks 
were  msde  during  the  night  of  19  Sep.  on  mine-exploding  vessel  "IT"; 
all  of  the  10  bombs  dropped  missed  the  target.   7  ground  mines 
were  swept  off  Scheveningen  and  off  Schiermonnikoog. 

2.  Norway  and  Arctic  Ocean; 

Enemy  Situation; 

The  British  Admiralty  issued  a  detailed  account  on  the 
convoys  PQ  18  and  ^P  IJ4. .   A  copy  of  it  is  contained  in  supplement 
to  Foreign  Press  Report  No.  22~G   of  the  Naval  Staff  Intelligence 
Division.  It  reveals  for  the  first  time  the  enemy  assumption  that 
German  planes  dropped  mines  on  12  Sep.  in  the  path  of  the  convoy. 
Destroyer  SOMALI,  from  the  escort  of  QP  II4.,  was  torpedoed  and  taken 
in  tow,  but  sank  3  days  later.   Also  the  motor  ship  LEDA  was  sunk. 
2  German  submarines  were  definitely  sunk  and  I4.  more  probably  damaged. 
[j.0  German  planes  crashed.   Only  vague  statements  are  made  about 
the  number  of  convoy  ships  lost. 

This  report  is  highly  disputable.   It. describes 
among  other  things  air  attacks  supposed  to  have 
taken  place  on  a  day  when  the  German  Air  Force 
had  no  contact  with  the  enemy  at  all» 

Own  Situation; 

On  2I4.  and  25  Sep.  a  Russian  battery  on  Rybachi  Peninsula 
fired  upon  an  incoming  motor  mine  sweeper  group  and  also  on  Paitna 
and  Nurmansaetti  without  result.   The  fire  was  returned. 

The  submar ine  alarm  reported  by  destroyer  Z  "27"  off  Langneset  in 
Alta  Fjord  was  probably  an  attack  with  aerial  torpedoes,  according 
to  subsequent  investigation. 

5  guns  of  the  Eltevik  battery  are  ready  for  action.. 

Enemy  air  activity  during  the  night  of  25  Sep.  in  the  Oslo  area; 
no  bombs  were  dropped. 

The  forces  engaged  in  operation  "Zarln"  have  not  yet  reported. 


IV.   Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

2  ground  mines  were  swept  on  25  and  2  on  26  Sep.  in  the  Little 
Belt  by  the  experimental  vessel  KEISTERNEST  with  large  noise  boxes. 
Cutter  IIIj  equipped  with  towed  coil  gear  sank  in  the  Sound  probably 
due  to  an  acoustic  mine.   On  2I4.  Sep.  the  Finnish  steamer  NAVIGATOR 
struck  a  mine  off  Trelleborg  and  a  small  Dutch  steamer  another 
mine  south  of  Falsterbo  canal;  both  of  them  sank. 

In  the  area  of  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic  Sea  an  enemy 


-301- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


2      Sep.    1%.2 


.arine  w&s   pursued  a^tcr  being    sighted  off   Steinort. 
convoying  was    ordered  for   troop   transports,    leave   steamers, 
ships,    tinkers   and  similar   important  war  transports   sailing 
Bothnian  Gulf   ports  by   way   of  Abo. 


Compulsory 
hospittl 
for 


V.        Submarine   '..arfare 

1  •        Enemy  Situ  at  lop : 

Very  lively  reconnaissance   activity  in   the   southern 
rendezvous    area.      A   total   of  ^5   planes   were    observed,    including 
10  fighter   planes  which  made   low-level   attacks    en   patrol  vessels 
off  Brest* 

An   unidentified  steamer   reported   a  submarine   220  miles,   northwest 
of  Madeira.      The  steamer  reported   torpedoed  on  25   Sep.   225  Eiles 
southeast    of   Reykjanes   ves   not    the   RCCKRCSE  but   some   unidentified 
ship. 

Own    S'-tuation : 

5   submarines   recently   left  for  the  zone    of   operations. 

In   the  "orth   Atlantic,    the   operation   against  the    incoming   convoy 
was   continued  by  Croup   "Llitz";    submarine  U   "91"   torpedoed  a 
5, CCO  G?.T  steaner    in  quadrant   AL  I4I1.Q9  and  submarine  U   "liOLj."   sank 
a  destroyer   in   quadrant  AL  5U73 •     The   2-funnel   steamer  sunk   on 
£5  Sep.  by  submarine  U   "96"   answered   the  description   of   the 
RZI>TA  DEL  PACIFICO   (17,700  CRT). 

At   I4OO   submarine  U   "617"  encountered  a    30uthwestbound  convoy  of 
more   than   20  steamers   in   quadrant   AE  63S2  and   torpedoed  2  ships 
of   5,000   and  ;,000  GET.      She  was   subsequently   driven   off.      The   12 
submarines    operating  in   this  area  plus   6   approaching   ones   are 
joined  into  a   new  group    "Tiger"   and  are    instructed  to   operate 
against   this  convoy,    since    operations    against    the   incoming   cenvoy 
had  to  be  called   off. 

Another   success    in   this    part   of   the  North  Atlantic   is   the   reverted 
sinking    of    a   FLORIDA- type    steamer    (10,000  GET)    by   submarine   U    "6lc", 

Submarine  U   "i+1+2"   sank  an  unidentified   ship  telonging   to  a  cenvoy 
of   3   steamers  In   quadrant  AE  6519. 

From  the  U.S.   east   coast    situation  reports    only  have  been   received 
saying  nothing  about  any  achievements. 

This    applies   also    to  the    west   Indies    and  the    South  Atlantic   group 
"litis". 

For   additional  news    see   supplement    to   submarine    situation   in  V*ar 
Diary,    Part  E,   Vol.    IV. 

Referring  to  the   sinking    of  the   Spanish  motor  ship  MONTE  GORBEA, 
submarine   U    "512"    reports   seeing   the   neutrality  markings,    but  con- 
sidered  them  a  camouflage,   because   the   ship  was   steering   a   zigza£ 
course    and  did   not   match   the  description  furnished  by  the  Groener 


U' 


I 


B-105  2 


-502- 


26  Sep.    19J+2 


CONFIDENTIAL 


manual.      (See   Radiogram  2225*)      For  detailed   report  see  V/ar   Diary, 
Fart   C,   Vol.   VIII. 


Special  Items: 

On   3  Sep.    the    Commanding   Admiral,    Subrrarines    submitted 
the   interference  by  enemy  planes   with  submarine  warfare 
practical  experience,   he   pointed   out   that,    in  view    of   t 
aeronautical  developments,    the  time    is  not  far   off  when 
situation  with  regard  to   combatting   convoys  will  become 
in  almost    every  part    of   the  No-.'th  Atlantic.      The   Comman 
Submarines   is    therefore   renewing  his   urgent   pleas    that 
combat  the   enemy  escort   air  forces;    since  the   prerequis 
this   task  are   not    completely  met  by  the   He   177' s   whose 
action  does   not   exceed  2200  km,   he   requests    that  the  de 
emphasized  for  an   efficient   long-range   combat   plane  to 
future    offensive    submarine  warfare. 


a  report    on 

;    citing 

he    recent 
the  aerial 
intolerable 

ding  Admiral,; 

our  Air  Force 

ites  for 

range    of 

mand   be 

serve  for 


The  Naval  Staff   agrees   in  full  with  these  arguments   regarding   the 
necessity  of  adequate    countermeasur es   and    considers    the    elimination 
of  enemy  escort   planes   as    one    of    the  essentials   for  successful 
submarine   operations.      The   demand    of   the   Commanding  Admiral,    Sub- 
marines  to  provide  efficient   combat   planes,   superior   to    the   He   177* 
was    submitted   to    the   Air   Minister   and  Commander    In  Chief,   Air  Force  4 
although  the  development    of   a  new   plane   type    will  take  considerable  | 
time   in  view   of   the  well-known   tight   situation   of   the   aviation 
industry.      (The    request   was    submitted   on  26   Sep.    under   l/Skl 
23966 A2  Gkdos.) 

However,    in   the  Naval   Staff's    opinion,    to   throw    our    own   air   forces 
into  the  battle    against   enemy  aircraft  has    its  disadvantages,    too; 
as   long  as   there   is   no  rapid,    simple,    and  reliable      identification 
signal  device  which  permits   certain   identification   of    friend  and 
foe,    submarines   will  always   be  forced   to   submerge   immediately 
upon  the   approach  of  any  plane.      Thus  contact  with  the    target  is 
lost   and   later   operations   jeopardized.     Furthermore,    the  range 
of  enemy  air   forces  will   always   exceed   that   of   our  planes    in  view 
of   the   existing  geographical   conditions.     Finally,    it  has   to  be 
taken  Into  account   that  the    enemy  will  always   be   in   a   position   to 
make   use   of  his   aircraft  carriers.     For    all  these   reasons   the  1 

Naval  Staff  sees   an  urgent  need  to   improve    the  anti-aircraft  weapons 
and  identification   signals    of   our  submarines,    apart   from  the 
development    of  efficient    combat  planes.      The  Naval    Staff   instructed 
the  Naval  Staff,    Submarine   Division   to  push  the   solution   of   these 
problems  more   energetically. 

Directives    to   this    effect  were   I?3ued  to   the  Commanding  Admiral, 
Submarines   and  the    Submarine  Division   of  the  Naval  Staff. 


VI.     Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles   and   Vicinity; 
Nothing   to   re~ort» 

2.  Incursions ; 

31  enemy  incursions  were    reported  in  the  evening,    2R   of 
Tenet  ranted  Into  western~-and  1  into    eastern" 


-JO?- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
2b    Sep.    1^1+2 

In   the  west,   mines   were   laid   in  the  German  Eight   and  in  Danish 
waters;    the   planes   flew   as   far  as   Yorsaw  and   Kadom  in  the   east. 
No  bombs   were  dropped   and   1  enemy  plane   was    shot  down. 

3.        "edlterranean  Theater; 

10  enemy  planes  were    reported  shot   down    over  Egypt.      Cufra, 
oasis  was    attacked  with  good  resvlts.      Otherwise    there  was    only 
reconnaissance  activity. 

I4..        Eastern  Front : 

A  large   tug   and  one  transpor t  were   damaged  by  bombs 
during  raids    on  Tuapse   and  Sochi    on   25   Sep. 

The   Caucasian  coast   and  the   Caspian   Sea  were  reconnoi tered.     For 
details   see  daily  situation   report. 

Special  Item; 

The   comments    of  Naval  Group  North   on   the   cooperation  between  Navy 
and  Air  Force   (night  fighters  and  anti-aircraft)    addressed  to  the 
Air  Force  Group  Commander,    Central  Area   is    submitted  to  the 
Operations   Division,   Naval  Staff   for  its   information.     For   copy 
see    Telegram  IC56.   The  Group   objects   to  too  great  restrictions    on 
the   freedom  of    naval  anti-aircraft  batteries   and  warships   to 
open  fire. 


VII.   Warfare    in  the   Mediterranean   and  the   Black  Sea 

1.  Enemy  Situation,    Mediterranean; 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Spain,  a  convoy 
of  8  shirs  and  3  escort  vessels  was  sighted  on  an  easterly  course 
off  Cape  Spartel.  According  to  an  Italian  report  8  more  steamers 
are  at  Gibraltar  than  on  25  Sep.   Radio  monitoring  from  the  Gibraltar 
area  leads  the  German  Naval  Command  Italy  to  believe  that  preparations 
for  an  operation  directed  toward  the  central  Mediterranean  might 
have  been  in  progress  for  the  past  2  days.  Italian  agents  reported 
that  2  ships,  probably  destroyers,  have  left  Gibraltar  in  an  easterly 
direction. 

Submarines  were  sighted  off  Tobruk  and  Trieste. 

Lively  convoy  traffic  is  reported  from  the  eastern  Mediterranean. 

Photo  reconnaissance  of  Suez  showed  that  tonnage  at  this  harbor, 
contrary  to  the  report  of  25  Sep.,  had  decreased  by  80,000  GRT 
as  compared  with  23  Sep. 

2.  Own   Situation,    Mediterranean; 

2  motor  mine  sweepers  transferring  from  Derna  to  Palermo 
arrived  at  Piraeus,  where  also  a  PT  boat  arrived  from  Porto  Empedocle 
on  25  Sep. 

3«   Transport  of  Supplies  to  Ncrth  Africa; 

The  escorted  "Steamer  FOTJGIER  was  attacked  by 

-304- 


CONFIDENTIAL 


26  Sep.   19I+2 


30  miles  north    of  Tobruk  in  the   evening   v^ile   proceeding    from 
Tobruk  to  Piraeus,      Details    are  not  yet  available.      Otherwise 
supply   traffic   from  Italy   and  Greece   to  North  Africa  and  North 
African   coastal   traffic    proceeded   according   to  plan. 

U.        Aegean  Sea: 

Nothing   to  report. 
5»        Black  Seas 

Enemy  Situation : 

Battleship   PARIZHSKAYA  KOMUNA,   which  by  radio  monitoring 
of   25  Sep.    appeared   to  be   at    sea,   was    observed  at  Batum  on   the   same 
day  by  air   reconnaissance.     The   radio  messacre  may  have  been   a   ruse 
used  by  the   patrol  vessels.      Lively   shipping  was    observed  in   the 
Tuapse   area.      According  to  photo  reconnaissance,    the   following 
ships   were    at   Ochemchiri   at    noon   of   25   Sep.:    3  submarines,    5  motor 
minesweepers,    1   PT  boat,    and  several   steamers.     At   the  same   time 
the  following   ships  were  at    Poti :      3  cruisers,    2  warship  hulls, 
3  destroyers,    one   of  which  was    in  dock,    3  minesweepers,    5  motor 
minesweepers,   I4.  PT  boats,    ll|.   submarines,    11   steamers,    3  floating 
cvanes,    etc.      At  Batum:    1  battleship   (see   above),    1  heavy  cruiser, 
5  destroyers,    2  torpedo  boats,    6   submarines,    6  motor   minesweepers, 
2  PT  boats,    2  passenger   steamers,    6   tankers,    13   stearrers,   etc. 

A  great   number   of   merchant  vessels,    tankers,    lighters  and    tugboats 
were   sighted   at   the   Caspian  Sea  ports  Astrakhan,   Makhach  Kala,   Baku 
and  Guryev  and  in   the  Ural   River   estuary.      The    only  naval   vessels 
at   Astrakhan  were   6   r^nesweepers. 

Own  Situation: 

On  25   Sep.    one   of    our   convoys   was    unsuccessfully  attacked 
by  an  enemy  submarine    30  miles   north-northeast   of  Constanta; 
enemy  air   activity  caused  minor  damage    only  at  Balaklava  and 
Ivanbaba.      Aerial  mines  were   laid  at   the  northern   exit   of  Kerch 
Strait.      Minesweeping    operations   and  supply  shipping  proceeded 
according   to  plan. 

Special  Items; 

a.  Naval  Group  South   informs   the  Naval  Staff   Operations   Division 
of   its   reply   to   the    questionnaire   submitted  by  the  Naval  Liaison 
Officer   on   the  Army  General  Staff   with  regard   to    supply   operations. 
(See   Telegram  I535.) 

b.  The   Admiral,    Black  Sea   called  the    attention   of  Army  Group  A, 
with  copy  to    the   Air  Commander,    Crimea,    to  the   necessity   of   rein- 
forcing  the   anti-aircraft   defenses    of   the   Crimean  ports;   he  warned 
that  no  replacements   are    available  for   losses,    so   that  the  Army, 
I.e.,   Army  Group  A,   may  have   to  get  along  with  fewer   shipments. 

Group  South  notifies    the  Naval  Staff    of   the   above  by  Telegram  20I4.5 
and  suggests    that   this    information  be  forwarded  to  the  Naval 
Representative    on   the    Operations    Staff,    Armed  Forces   High  Command. 

This    was   carried   out. 

c.  According   to  a  communication  from  the   Quartermaster,    Armed 

-505- 


coyj-iJ£::r:.-.i 

26   Sep.    19.L2 


tigh  Command,    Transnistria   will  no   longer  be   part    of 
3    Army1  a    zone    of    ODeration  beginning    1   Oct.    191+2     in  accordance 
■Ith  a  Fuehrer  directive   of   12   Sep.    191+2.      The   Liaison   Staff   of 
the   2-erman  Ar-.ed  Forces   for   Transnistria  will   stay   there  and  will 
be  under    the  authority  of  the  ^hief   of   the   German  Army  Mission 
in   ?.j-ania.      Its   duties   and  authority  remain   unchanged. 


-■ 


'aval   Stafi    quartermaster  Division  has    Informed  Naval  "-roup 
South,    the   Admiral j    Llack   Sea  and  the  Baltic  Naval   Station   to 
this   effect. 


Iv.      Situation  Last   Asia 

lie  ,  Headquarters    report"  that    the    Japanese   advance   toward 
Port   Moresby  has   come    to  a  halt  for   the  time    being  since   the 
transoo 't    of  heavv  artillerv  across  the   mountains    is   meetln-  with 
:  ficultles. 


I' 


Army  Situation 

1.   Russian  Front: 


Army 


The  enemy  thrust  at  Shapsuskaya  wH  halted  by  C-erman 
forces  and  enemy  pressure  on  the  main  hi.~h-.vay  east  of  Abinskaya 
relieved.   Cur  operation  in  the  direction  of  Tuapse  is  progressing 
according  to  plan.   Cur  attacks  at  the  Terek  River  sector  gained 
ground  in  southeasterly  direction.  .  The  eastern  wing  of  cur  spear- 
heads have  .reached  the  bend  of  the  railway  of  Vosnessenskaya . 

Army  C-roup  E  : 

In   the  battle   for   Stalingrad,    unit3    of   the   9Ufch  and 
71st   Infantry  Divisions    reacheu   the   Volga  River  bank  after   a 
battle   of    several  hours   against   stubborn   enemy  resistance.      Ir.eny 

attacks   at   Kotluban  were    repulsed.      An   enemy   thrust   against    .he  l 

tend   of   our    line  north  of   Voronezh  following   a  heavy  artillery  ' 

"rare    and  supported  by  ground  attack  planes  was  halted  by  a 
counterattack  and  eventually  repulsed.      Northwest    of    Rzhev   the 
enemy  attacked   our  bridgehead   across   the  Volga   7iver  under  cover 
of  fog.      Me   succeeded   in  breaking   into   our   line,   but  will  be 
mopoed  up  by  reserves. 

Northern   Army  Croup: 

A  number   of    enemy  attacks   against    the    forces   which  cut 
off   the   pocket   south   of   Lake   Ladoga  were    repulsed.      At    the  Neva 
River    sector   the   enemy  was   able   to  gain  footholds    on  the   eastern 

k   in   the   Ducrovka  area  in  several  places.      All   of  the  enemy 
forces   which  had  crossed   the    river   were   destroyed,    except  for 
a   small  bridgehead  which  was  sealed   off. 


-306- 


B-1052 


COIIfiJENTIAL 
26   Sep.   1$1|2 

2.  Finnish  Front: 
Nothing  to  report. 

3.  North   Africa: 

Artillery  fire    increased  during   the   night   of   25   Sep. 
Otherwise   the  situation   is   unchanged. 

tt*tt*#*##4KHHHHMH»*HHHHHHHMt 


8-1052 
-307- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
27  Sep.  1 

Items  of  Poli~-         tance 
Great  Britain; 

Eden  stated  in  a  speech  that  the  last  cor.voy  which  reached  northern 
Russia  carried  the  largest  single  shipment  of  war  material  ever  made 
by  Gre  and  the  t  less  than  75  British  warships  were 

employed  to  escort  the  convoy  consisting  of  40  ships.   The  Minister 
commented   also  on  the  growing  effect  of  British  aerial  v/arfare  against 
Germany,  which  aims  at  destroying  manufacturing  sites  and  at  paralyz- 
ing the  intricate  lerman  communications  system.   For  details  see 
Political  .  227,  paragraph  1. 

Russi  a; 

In  a  press  conference  at  Moscow,  V/illkie  advocated  the  speedy  establish- 
ment of  a  second  front  statins  that  otherwise  aid  for  Russia,  which  has 
already  lost  Z,  700,000  men,  will  come  too  late.   The  decision  will'have 
to  be  made  by  the  military  authorities,  of  course. 

A  widely  read  article  in  the  Bern   York  Tines  takes  a  different  view, 
emphasizing  that  the  clamor  for  a  second  front  is  absurd  as  long  as 
such  a  front  would  serve  Russian  interests  only,  and  not  those  of 
Britain  and  the  U.S.A. 

Finland; 

In  an  address  to  Parliament  Prime  Minister  Rangell,  defining  Finnish 
foreign  policy,  stated  that  the  country  stands  on  Germany's  side  in 
its  fight  a.-ainst  the  Soviet  Union.   After  the  experiences  had  on  the 
occasion  of  the  first  Russian  attack,  nothing  could  induce  Finland 
to  pursue  another  policy  than  one  dictated  by  her  own  vital  interests. 

Japan; 

Prime  Minister  To  jo,  addressing  the  Imperial  Rule  Assistance  Associa- 
tion, declared  that  endurance  is  one  of  the  main  factors  in  the 
present  war.   Japan  is  firmly  resolved  to  destroy  the  Chungking  Govern- 
ment.  Japanese  forces  in  Manchukuo  are  firmly  protecting  the  northern 
frontier.   Japan  is  determined  to  destroy  the  enemy  in  closest  coopera- 
tion with  the  other  Axis  powers. 


Special  Items : 

I.   According  to  information  received  from  the  Operations  Staff  of 
the  Armed  Forces      Command,  the  Fuehrer  has  ordered  the  transfer  of 
the  5th  Mountain  Division  to  Norway  with  all  its  horses  and  equipment 
following  completion  of  operation  "Nordllcht" . 

The  ordered  exchange  of  division's  stationed  in  Norway  for  fatigued  com- 
bat divisions  from  the  Eastern  Front  cannot  take  place  prior  to  the 
beginning  of  November,  since  replacements  from  Germany  will  be  avail- 
able only  after  1  Nov. 

The  Chief,  Shipping  and  Transport  Branch,  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster 
Division  is  informed  to  this  effect. 


-308- 


B-1C52 


: 


CONFIDENTIAL 
27  Sep.  1942 

II.  The  Naval  Staff  directs  Group  North  and  the  Fleet  to  transfer  the 
SCHARNHOHST  and  NUERNBERG  to  the  north  area  by  early  November,  together 
with  all  destroyers  ready  for  operations  by  that  time. 

III.  The  German  General  attached  to  Headquarters  of  the  Italian  High 
Command  reports  to  the  Operations  Staff,  Armed  Forces  High  Command  thar 
the  situation  in  North  Africa  was  discussed  in  a  conference  at  the 
Italian  High  Command  on  23  Sep.  at  which  Field  Marshal  Rommel,  who  was 
passing  through,  Field  Marshal  Kesselrlng  and  Marshal  Cavallero  were  x 
present.   Field  Marshal  Romnel  stated  that  a  British  attack  is  to  be 
expected  in  October.   For  this  assault  the  Panzer  Army  must  be  equipped 
with  adequate  supplies  in  order  to  be  able  to  launch  an  offensive  of 
its  own  after  repelling  the  attack.   Tills  presupposes  that  Malta  is 
paralyzed,  which  the  Commanding  General,  Armed  Forces,  South  promised 
to  achieve  by  increasing  aerial  attacks  to  a  maximum  by  early  October. 
In  connection  with  the  requested  supplies,  Cavallero  outlined  the 
existing  difficulties  which  consist  mainly  in  the  lack  of  escort  forces, 
The  Italian  High  Command  considers  transferring  a  cruiser  division  andj 
escort  destroyers  to  the  Aegean  Sea;  this  would  reinforce  the  defense 
of  Crete,  afford  a  favorable  flanking  position  against  naval  actions, 
and  increase  the  number  of  escort  vessels  available  for  North  African 
transports  by  placing  the  destroyers  at  their  disposal.   A  fuel  oil 
stock  of  20,000  tons  in  the  Aegean  .area  is,  of  course,  a  prerequisite! 
for  this  step. 

IV.  A  letter  (Ob.  d.  M.  M  Wa  Wi  24500/42  geh. )  addressed  to  the 
Minister  of  Armament  and  War  Production  by  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy 
was  prompted  by  the  unjustifiable  interference  with  building  projects 
of  strategic  importance  at  Wilhelmshaven  on  the  part  of  the  Minister's 
regional  representative  for  the  Weser-Ems  district.   For  copy  see  War 
Diary,  Part  B,  Vol.  V. 


Situation  27  Sep.  1942 

I.   War  in  Foreign  Waters 

1.   Enemy  Situation: 

North  Atlantic; 

A  force  reported  at  36°  N,  11°  W  on  23  Sep.  is  believed  to  be 
the  RAMILLIES  with  an  escort  of  4  destroyers. 

South  Atlantic: 

At  1345  a  submarine  warning  signal  originating  from  an  un- 
identified ship  at  24o  55'  S,  21°  51'  W  was  rebroadcast  by  Freetown. 
On  26  Sep.  Ascension  transmitted  a  coded  QQQ  message  from  the  British 
steamer  SHERIDAN.   The  German  Consul  at  Santa  Isabel  reports  a  10,000 
GRT  steamer  which  passed  under  escort  of  a  submarine  in  the  direction 
of  Duala  on  24  Sep. 

Indian  Ocean; 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  based  on  statements  of  a 
crew  member  from  a  British  steamer,  a  large  transport  vessel  was  rammed 
at  Capetown  around  the  end  of  July  with  the  loss  of  200  men  and  2,000 
mail  bags.   According  to  the  same  source,  1  destroyer  and  7  merchant 


8-105  2 


-309- 


27  Sep.  1942 

sela  were  sunk  and  2  large  warships  and  harbor  installations  damaged 
during  a  Japanese  air  raid  on  Colombo;  unfortunately,  the  date  of  this 
attack  could  not  be  ascertained. 

On  26  Sep.  Radio  Colonbo  flashed  a  QQQ  signal  of  the  U.S.  steamer 

and  stated  that  a  suspicious  vessel  resembling  the  Danish  vessel 
IDGIA  followed  her  for  about  half  an  hour  at  13°  S,  56°  S. 

This  report  probably  refers  to  a  Japanese  ship. 

r^rding  to  report  of  the  Consulate  at  Lourenco  Karques  a  convoy  of 
35  ships  carrying  troops  and  planes  arrived  at  Capetown,  from  where  it 
will  sail  for  Aden  on  28  Sep.   There  it  is  to  be  split,  one  section 

:eeiing  to  Egypt,  the  other  to  Basra. 

2.    Own  Situation: 

Ho  reports  were  received  fron  our  ships  in  foreign  waters. 

All  our  ships  in  foreign  waters  are  notified  of  the  sailing  instructions 
for  the  DR2SDE3  and  KULIERLAND  by  Radiogram  1016, 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  is  informed  about  names  of  ships  suitable  as 
cover  names  for  the  RAISES.   See  Telegram  1500. 


II.   Situation  ".Vest  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

thing  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast: 

In  the  late  afternoon  of  26  Sep.  12  enemy  fighters  attacked 
Brest  and  Mprlalx.   2  Spitfires  were  shot  down  by  naval  antiaircraft 
artillery  and  several  others  by  German  fighters. 

The  blockade-runner  BRAKE  sailed  for  Japan  on  schedule. 

Group  North  advised  the  BRAKE  by  Telegram  1304  to  avoid  Spanish  terri- 
torial waters  as  much  as  possible.  A  forecast  of  the  weather  to  ue 
expected  en  route  was  transmitted  to  her  by  Telegram  1916;  visibility 
will  be  e  to  4  miles  and  turbulance  clouds  at  300  m.  to  400  n. 

Channel  Coast: 

18  vessels  of  the  2nd,  4th  and  6th  PT  Boat  Flotillas  laid 
~Lr.es   in  irregular  pattern  and  with  wide  intervals  off  the  Humber  mouth 
during  the  night  of  26  Sep.   For  short  reports  see  Telegrams  1730  and 
2255. 

The  blockade-runner  BDRGENIAHD  is  scheduled  to  sail  on  28  Sep. 


B-1052 

-310- 


r 


COKFIDSIiTIAL 
27   Sep.    1942 

III.    North  Sea.   Norway.    Arctic   Ocean 

1.  North  Sea; 

Enemy  Situation; 

Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situation: 

A  number  of  enemy  planes  penetrated  into  the  German  Bight 
area  during  the  night  of  26  Sep.   Aerial  mines  are  suspected  north  of 
the  Frisian  Islands.   One  plane  was  shot  down  off  Hook  of  Holland. 

North  of  the  harbor  entrance  of  Nook  of  Holland  approximately  15  ground 
mines  were  swept,  which  had  evidently  been  laid  by  PT  boats  as  reported 
on  26  Sep. 

Convoys  to  Holland  were  postponed  24  hours  due  to  fog  and  mine  hazard 
off  Hook  of  Holland.   Otherwise  escort  and  patrol  service  proceeded 
according  to  plan. 

2.  Norway  and  Arctic  Ocean; 
Enemy  Situation: 

Air  reconnaissance  of  the  Arctic  Ocean  as  far  as  Spitsbergen 
revealed  nothing  of  tactical  interest. 

Own  Situation: 

A  Russian  battery  on  Rybachi  Peninsula  shelled  Petsano  be- 
tween 2308  on  25  Sep.  and  0452  on  26  Sep.  with  intervals  of  10  minutes 
between  shots.  We  replied  with  6   shots  without  observing  any  re- 
sults.  Enemy  air  activity  over  the  Arctic  and  west  coasts  on  25  and 
26  Sep.   One  of  our  convoys  was  unsuccessfully  bombed  off  the  Arctic 
coast  at  0710  of  27  Sep.   Otherwise  convoy  service  proceeded  according 
to  plan.   One  of  our  harbor  defense  vessels  was  rammed  and  sunk  in 
Boemmel  Fjord  by  a  Norwegian  steamer.   The  question  of  responsibility 
is  under  investigation. 

The  mine-laying  ships  ROLAND,  KAISER,  and  SKAGERRAK- arrived  at  Kristian 
sand  South  from  the  south. 

Group  North  reports  that  the  forces  engaged  in  operation  "Zarin"  will 
reach  the  island  waters  at  0400  of  28  Sep. 


IV.   Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

During  the  night  of  27  Sep.  enemy  planes  flew  harassing  and  mine- 
laying  missions  in  the  Baltic  Sea  entrances,  Kiel  Bay,  Luebeck  Bay  and 
the  Flensburger  Foerde.   It  is  suspected  that  aerial  mines  were  laid. 
Channel-sweeping  operations  were  delayed  due  to  fog.   A  mine  was  swept 
off  Apenrade. 

Mine-sweeping  in  the  Gulf  of  Finland  had  to  be  canceled  owing  to  bad 
weather  but  proceeded  according  to  plan  in  Riga  Bay. 


B-1052 

-311- 


CONFIDENT!^ 


27  Sep.  1942 


At  noon  a  convoy  from  Abo  to  Oulu  v;a3  attacked  by  an  enemy  submarine 
30  miles  west  of  Vasa.   Tanker  r.ITTELI.IEER  with  800  tons  of  aviation 
gasoline  received  a  torpedo  hit  and  burst  in  flames.   The  vessel  is 
still  afloat  and  an  attempt  is  being  made  to  tow  her  to  Vasa.   The 
fire  is  under  control. 

As  reported  by  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command,  Operations  Staff,  the 
Fuehrer  ordered  in  directive  no.  40  that  the  island  of  Tytersaari  v.'.ich 
lies  in  front  of  the  Army  operations  zone  be  placed  under  the  11th 
Army's  authority. 

The  Naval  Staff  informs  Group  North  accordingly. 


V.    Subnnrinft  Warfare 

1.   Enemy  Situation; 

Reconnaissance  activity  in  the  northern  rendezvous  area  was 
lively,  probably  on  account  of  an  approaching  convoy;  normal  recon- 
;.ul£c  nee  only  in  the  southern  area. 

An  unidentified  British  steamer  flashed  a  Q&Q  signal  approximately  100 
miles  northwest  of  Capetown;  the  report  was  later  canceled.  A  sub- 
marine sighting  report  was  intercepted  from  the  middle  South  Atlantic. 

Own   Situation; 

Another  submarine  left  for  the  zone  of  operations. 

In  the  North  Atlantic,  contact  could  not  be  reestablished  with  the 
outbound  convoy  observed  by  submarine  U  "617".   Group  "Tiger"  re- 
inforced by  2  submarines  has  orders  to  continue  the  search  on  a 
westerly  course. 

Submarine  U  "404"  encountered  2  large  steamers  of  a  new  type,  with  one 
funnel  and  one  short  thick  mast;  following  an  attack  on  them,  the  boat 
observed  a  detonation  and  sinking  noises. 

A  new  group  "Luchs",  formed  of  13  submarines,  is  to  proceed  at  cruising 
speed  to  a  patrol  line  extending  from  quadrant  AK  6653  to  quadrant 
AL  9814,  where  a  convoy  sailing  on  a  southwesterly  course  can  be  ex- 
pected to  arrive  on  30  Sep. 

Submarine  TJ  "177"  encountered  a  subchaser  force  consisting  of  fast 
single  ships  in  quadrant  AL  5640  which  located  the  boat. 

In  quadrant  FA  2385  in  the  West  Indies  submarine  U  "514"  torpedoed  2 
steaners  totalling  10,000  GRT  which  were  proceeding  in  a  convoy. 

For  additional  reports  see  supplement  to  submarine  situation  in  War 
Diary,  Part  B,  Vol.  IV. 

The  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  orders  once  more  explicitly  that  all  sub- 
marine captains  are  to  be  strongly  reminded  to  adhere  strictly  to  all 
instructions  concerning  the  treatment  of  neutral  ships.   The  Command- 
ing Admiral,  Submarines  issued  an  order  to  this  effect. 


B-1052 

-312- 


CONFIDENT  I AI 
27  Sep.  1^42 

Complying  with  a  suggestion  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Submarines  to 
the  Executive  Office  of  the  Commander  in  Chief,  Navy  with  copy  to  the 
Naval  Staff,  the  following  special  communique  of  the  Armed  Forces  High 
Command  is  made  public : 

A  fast  enemy  convoy,  consisting  of  a  few  large  passenger  liners  only, 
heavily  guarded  and  carrying  troops,  ammunition  and  other  war  material 
was  intercepted  on  its  way  from  America  to  the  British  Isles  by  Germ<  n 
submarines  in  the  North  Atlantic;  it  was  pursued  and  engaged  in  a 
bitter  battle  which  lasted  several  days. 

We  sank  a  19,000  GRT  2-funneled  steamer  of  the  VICEROY  OF  INDIA  class, 
which  capsized  after  being  hit  by  3  torpedoes;  a  17,000  GRT  2-funneled 
steamer,  class  REINA  DEL  PACIFICO,  which  exploded  with  a  large  burst 
of  flame  after  receiving  2  torpedo  hits;  an  11,000  GRT  transport  of  th|e 
DERBYSHIRE  class.   In  addition,  we  sank  one  of  the  escort  destroyers 
and  damaged  2  other  transports  by  torpedo  hits.   These  losses  con- 
stitute a  severe  blow  to  enemy  warfare. 

The  sinkings  referred  to  concern  the  AT  convoy  attacked  on  25  and  26 
Sep.  by  submarines  U  "216",  U  "96",  U  "619",  U  "404",  and  U  "91".  (See 
War  Diary  25  and  26  Sep.  and  Telegram  1850.) 


VI.  Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity; 

Little  reconnaissance  activity  during  the  day  and  no  night 
operations.   During  the  attack  by  12  Spitfires  and  fighter  bombers  on 
Brest  and  Morlaix  (see  Situation  West  Area)  around  1900  of  26  Sep.,  9 
enemy  planes  either  were  shot  down  or  crashed.   Rescue  and  search 
measures  were  taken  by  the  enemy  for  all  of  the  12  planes  engaged  in 
this  action. 

2.  Mediterranean  Theater: 

A  total  of  8  enemy  planes  v/as  shot  down  on  26  Sep.  by  the  new 
Me  109  G  2,  some  of  them  at  altitudes  exceeding  8,000  m. 


Harassing  attacks  were  carried  out  east  of  El  Alamein.  The  Heliopolis 
airfield  was  raided  by  10  Ju  88' s.  A  photo  reconnaissance  mission  was 
flown  over  Alexandria. 

3.    Eastern  Front: 

50  enemy  planes  were  shot  down  on  26  Sep.  and  an  additional 
65  on  27  Sep. 

It  is  reported  that  a  steamer  was  damaged  by  a  bomb  hit  off  Tuapse  on 
26  Sep. 

13  more  enemy  planes  v/ere  shot  down  in  the  Arctic  Ocean  without  any 
losses  of  our  own. 

Photo  reconnaissance  v/as  conducted  over  Kola  Bay. 


B-1052 

-313- 


CO":  INITIAL 
27   Sep.    1942 

"~I.   Warfare  In  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1.  Enemy  Situation,  Mediterranean; 

A  convoy  of  5  loaded  freighters  escorted  by  2  destroyers  and 
1  corvette  arrived  at  Gibraltar  from  the  Atlantic  in  the  evening  of  26 
Sep.   According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Spain,  the  Strait  of 
Gibraltar  has  been  under  close  observation  for  the  past  few  days, 
apparently  in  anticipation  of  passing  submarines  which  lad  been  sighted. 

Radio  monitoring  intercepted  messages  from  unidentified  British  ships 
in  the  waters  of  Alexandria  and  east  of  Rhodes.  Apart  fro:  light  na- 
val forces,  11  steamers  of  62,000  GRT  were  anchored  at  Alexandria. 

2.  Own  Situation.  Mediterranean: 

The  motor  minesweepers  R  "10"  and  R  "16"  sailed  from 
Piraeus  for  Patras. 

Tobruk  and  Benghazi  were  attacked  by  enemy  planes c  The  outer  pier  of 
Benghazi"  received  a  bomb  hit. 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa1 

The  convoy  of  motor  ships  BARBARO  and  UNI ONE  were  repeatedly 
attacked  by  submarines  and  torpedo  planes  while  proceeding  to  Benghazi. 
Both  ships  were  hit  by  one  torpedo  each  and  efforts  are  being  made  to 
tow  them  to  Navarino.   The  UNI ONE  (6,071  GRT)  carried  2,110  tons  of 
supplies,  15  guns,  103  motor  vehicles  and  72  men,  all  German,  the 
BARBARO  (6,342  GRT)  an  Italian  cargo.   Otherwise  supply  and  coastal 
traffic  proceeded  without  major  incident. 

4.  Area  Naval  Group  South; 
Aegean  Sea: 

Nothing  to  report. 

Black  Sea; 

Eneny  Situation: 

Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situation: 

The  1st  PT  Boat  Flotilla  operated  during  the  night  of  26 
Sep.  between  Tuapse  and  Cape  Idukopas.   PT  boat  S  "26"  sank  a  1,000 
GRT  steamer  at  anchor  in  spite  of  strong  defense  by  3  patrol  vessels. 

The  Italian  subchasers  were  idle  due  to  the  lack  of  fuel;  supplies  are 
under  way.  3  Italian  submarines  arrived  at  Skadovsk  and  will  transfer 
to  Feodosiya. 

A  cutter  of  the  Neumann  command  sank  in  an  engagement  at  ITovorossisk 
after  suffering  a  hit  below  the  water  line. 

Enemy  air  activity  at  Kerch,  Taman  (where  1  naval  barge  and  1  SiebeL 
ferry  were  damaged),  Yalta,  Ivanbaba,  and  Mariupol.   It  is  suspected 
that  aerial  mines  were  laid. 


B-1C5  2 


I 


*> 


~< 


CONFIDENTIAL 
27  Sep.  1942 

Mine-sweeping  and  escort  operations  proceeded  according  to  plan.  Cargo 
ship  VOLGO-DON  is  already  operating  in  the  Sea  of  Azov. 

Group  South  proposes  to  transfer  20  motor  launches  from  Germany  to  the 
Aegean  Sea  and  the  Black  Sea.   (See  Telegram  1530.) 

The  matter  is  being  attended  to  by  the  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster 
Division. 


VIII.  Situation  East  Asia 
Nothing  to  report. 


IX.   Army  Situation 

1.  .  Russian  Front; 

Army  Group  At 

We  succeeded  in  halting  enemy  attacks  at  Krimskaya.   Our 
offensive  toward  Tuapse  is  making  headway  against  strong  enemy  re- 
sistance.  The  bridgehead  over  the  Terek  River  west  of  Mai sky  was 
widened.  A  bitter  battle  is  being  waged  in  the  Kardzhin  area. 

Army  Group  Bt 

The  battle  for  Stalingrad  continues  in  and  around  the  city, 
where  a  few  more  blocks  were  captured.   The  100th  Light  Infantry 
Division,  the  24th  Panzer  Division  and  the  389th  Infantry  Division 
launched  an  attack  in  the  northern  sector. 

All  enemy  thrusts  against  the  land  bridge  at  Kotluban  were  repulsed,  as 
was  an  attack  north  of  Voronezh. 

Central  Army  Group; 

South  of  Novosil  the  enemy  succeeded  in  penetrating  our 
lines  in  a  surprise  attack.   A  counterattack  is  in  progress.   Strong 
enemy  attacks  at  Zubtsov  and  north  of  the  Volga  River  were  repulsed; 
the  enemy  also  attacked  the  bridgehead  north  of  Rzhev  and  the  pene- 
tration point  northwest  of  the  town.   Our  forces  were  successful  in 
the  Demidov  and  Velizh  areas. 

Northern  Army  Group; 

Our  offensive  to  widen  the  land  bridge  to  the  II  Army  Corps 
in  a  westerly  direction  was  launched  from  the  south  and  gained  a  few 
kilometers  of  ground.   Fighting  on  the  Neva  River  sector  resulted  in 
local  gains. 

2.  Finnish  Front ; 

With  the  exception  of  futile  enemy  attacks  at  the  southern 
wing  of  the  Kandalaksha  sector  only  gunfire  and  scouting  activity. 


B-1052 

-515- 


CONFIDENTIAL 
27  Sep.  1942 

3.   North  Africa: 

Normal  artillery  and  reconnaissance  activity. 

wwaimmmmmHHmHHKmm*H8« 


-316- 


8-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
28   Sep.    1942 

Items  of  Political  Importance 

Great  Britain: 

General  Wavell  declared  In  an  address  that  the  second  front  will  be 
established,  although  there  Is  still  much  bitter  fighting  ahead  for 
the  Anglo-American  forces  before  this  can  be  done.   It  is  his  im- 
pression that  Russia  will  hold  out.   Germany  is  planning  a  pincers 
operation  in  the  Near  East  for  1943  from  Egypt  and  from  the  Caucasus, 
possibly  also  across  Turkey.   The  preparations  for  this  drive,  however, 
have  not  been  very  successful  as  yet,  and  the  strategic  goals  set 
for  1942  have  not  by  any  means  been  attained.   Germany  has  not  been 
able  to  eliminate  th^  Russian  Army,  and  a  winter  campaign  is  thus  un- 
avoidable, particularly  if  Stalingrad  continues  to  resist.   The  African 
pincers  have  been  halted  and  there  is  hope  that  they  can  be  driven  back 
a  considerable  distance.   Japan  can  be  compared  to  a  boa  constrictor 
which  has  swallowed  a  large  bite  and  needs  a  long  time  to  digest  it. 
Japan  does  not  have  the  ships  to  take  the  offensive  against  the  naval 
forces  of  the  Allies  and  in  addition,  Russia  constitutes  a  permanent 
threat.   Therefore  Japan  must  try  to  solve  the  Chinese  problem  and 
while  doing  so  is  hardly  in  a  position  to  carry  out  another  large-scale 
invasion  (this  refers  probably  to  India).   It  is  of  paramount  strategic 
importance  for  Great  Britain  to  retake  Burma.   The  ship  losses,  though 
heavy,  are  not  heavy  enough  to  prevent  a  British  final  victory,  all 
the  more  as  the  losses  sustained  by  the  Axis  powers  are  much  greater. 
Germany  must  be  beaten  first.   With  regard  to  a  date  for  the  final 
victory,  Wavell  confidentially  made  en  estimate  which,  according  to  the 
Delhi  radio  which  broadcast  the  speech,  was  not  discouraging. 

The  Transocean  News  Agency  reports  from  Ankara  that  the  attitude  of  the 
Anglo-American  Powers  is  being  sharply  criticized  in  Moscow.   All  con- 
tact between  Anglo-American  and  Russian  circles  in  Ankara  has  ceased 
completely. 

Iberian  Peninsula; 

Relations  between  Spain  and  Portugal  have  recently  become  considerably 
more  amicable.  Well- in formed  Lisbon  circles  are  convinced  that  the 
existing  non-aggression  and  friendship  pact  will  shortly  become  a  mutual 
assistance  pact. 

Russia: 

The  Soviet  Government  has  recognized  the  French  National  Committee 
(De  Gaulle)  as  the  sole  authority  entitled  to  represent  French  in- 
terests with  the  Soviet  Government,  and  thus  went  considerably  farther 
than  its  British  and  American  allies. 


Special  Items: 

I.   According  to  a  report  by  the  Military  Attache  at  Helsinki,  the 
U.S.  Military  Attache,  Lt.  Col.  Huthsteiner  remarked  about  a  week  ago 
that  the  following  Allied  operations  are  planned  for  the  spring  of  1943: 

1.   Landing  on  the  Danish  coast  and  if  possible  a  simultaneous 
landing  at  the  Channel  or  northern  French  coast. 


-317- 


B-105  2 


CONFIDENTIAL 


28  Sep.  1942 


2.  Large-scale  landings  at  several  points  of  the  Norwegian  'coast, 
with  the  aid  of  3,000  Norwegian  paratroopers. 

3.  Landing  of  U.S.  forces  on  the  Atlantic  coast  of  Morocco,  a 
thrust  toward  Tripoli  and  merger  with  the  British  coming  up  from  Egypt 
following  destruction  of  the  German  and  Italian  North  African  Army. 

4.  The  French  North  African  coast  is  to  be  the  basis  for  future 
operations  against  Italy  aiming  at  separating  this  country  from  the 
Axis. 

Paragraphs  3  and  4  very  likely  represent  the  Allied 
strategic  goals  for  1943,  while  paragraphs  1  and  2  may 
indicate  diversionary  maneuvers. 

An  intelligence  report  from  the  early  part  of  September  deserves  atten- 
tion, too.   It  comes  from  a  reputedly  very  reliable  source  with  ex- 
cellent connections  to  the  Swiss  Array  General  Staff  and  is  based  on 
London  information  of  the  Swiss  Intelligence  Service.   According  to 
this  report,  a  strong  bridgehead  is  to  be  established  in  Norway  this 
fall  in  anticipation  of  a  future  second  front.   A  number  of  minor 

commando  raids  are  still  to  be  made  at  the  western  front  and  at  the  ' 

same  time  a  landing  is  to  be  made  in  Norway  by  large  forces  consisting 
in  the  main  of  U.S.  troops.   There  are  quite  a  number  of  reports  in 
the  possession  of  the  Swiss  Intelligence  Service  concerning  naval  and 
troop  concentrations  which  have  been  made  for  this  purpose. 

II.   Conference  v/ith  the  Chief,  Naval  Staff  was  held  in  preparation 
for  a  report  to  the  Fuehrer  on  submarine  warfare.   Minutes  of  the  con- 
ference are  being  recorded  by  the  Chief,  Submarine  Division,  Naval 
Staff. 

Since  the  Fuehrer  was  present  at  the  traditional  address  to  the 
officer  candidates  of  the  Armed  Forces  in  Berlin,  a  conference  on  sub- 
marine warfare  was  held  in  the  afternoon. 

Minutes  of  this  conference  will  be  filedi 


Situation 

28 

Sop.  1942 

I.   War 

in 

Foreign  Waters 

1.   Enemy  Situation: 

North  Atlantic : 

The  aircraft  carrier  LEXINGTON  was  launched  at  Quincy,  Mass. 
on  26  Sep.,  15  months  after  her  keel  was  laid  and  one  year  ahead  of 
schedule.   The  first  ship  of  this  type,  the  ESSEX,  was  launched  on  31 
Jul. 

Indian  Ocean: 

According  to  a  report  of  the  German  Consulate  at  Lourenco 
Marques,  a  convoy  of  12  ships  sailed  on  19  Sep.  from  Capetown  for 
Australia  with  U.S.  troops  and  a  cargo  of  planes.   3  British  submarines 
left  Simon's  Town  on  21  Sep.  for  Aden  and  Mombasa.   Steamer  QUEEN 
ELIZABETH  is  expected  to  pass  through  Lourenco  Marques  for  Suez  on  10 
Oct.   Mombasa  is  a  secondary  naval  base. 

-318-  B-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
28  Sep.  1942 

At  2500  Radio  Simon's  Town  rebroadcast  a  QAQ.   signal  originating  from 
the  British  steamer  OCEAN  VANITY,  which  sighted  a  suspicious  vessel 
at  2235  at  32o  43'  S,  290  00'  E.   The  report  was  cancelled  at  2312. 

2.   Own  Situation; 

The  Naval  Attache  at  Tokyo  points  out  that  the  permission 
granted  to  German  vessels  to  transmit  or  receive  radio  messages  is 
valid  only  during  their  voyage  to  or  from  southern  Japanese  ports  and 
not  for  the  main  island.   Special  regulations  also  apply  to  Batavia. 

The  Attache  also  calls  attention  to  incorrect  statements  of  the  Naval 
Staff  concerning  the  steamers  ASAMA  MARU  and  CONTE  VERDE,  since  the 
latter  is  at  anchor  at  Shanghai  and  the  former  in  the  service  of  the 
Japanese  Navy.   (See  Telegram  2001.) 

Enemy  situation  report  to  ships  in  foreign  waters  by  Radiogram  2239. 


II.   Situation  West  Area 

Atlantic  Coast; 

Weather  reports  transmitted  to  the  BRAKE  by  Group  West  indicate 
relatively  low  visibility  and  favorable  conditions  for  the  break- 
through. 

The  sailing  of  the  BURGENLAND  was  postponed  by  24  hours  on  account  of 
fog. 

Channel  Coast : 

The  5th  PT  Boat  Flotilla  is  scheduled  to  carry  out  a  mine-laying 
mission  off  Start  Point  during  the  night  of  28  Sep.   One  mine  was 
swept  in  quadrant  BF  2929.   The  convoy  route  was  closed  between  points 
334  and  336. 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.  North  Sea: 

Ships  of  the  Maas  Flotilla  were  strafed  off  Goeree  by  15 
Spitfires  while  towing  one  of  their  vessels  which  had  run  aground  in  a 
fog;  they  suffered  danage  and  casualties. 

A  ground  mine  was  swept  in  quadrant  AN  8584.   Escort  and  patrol  servic^ 
suffered  from  bad  weather. 

2.  Norway; 

Enemy  Situation; 

For  reports  concerning  plans  for  landings  see  Special  Items, f, 


B-1052 

-319- 


28  Sep-.  1942  CONFIDENTIAL 

Own  Situation: 

Enemy  air  activity  centered  on  the  Arctic  and  west  coasts  dur- 
ing 26  and  27  Sep.  Bombs  vere  dropped  on  Kirkenes  airfield  and  on  one 
of  our  westbound  convoys  off  Sylt  Fjord  without  causing  damage.  80 
bombs  were  dropped  on  Banak  airfield.   1  plane  was  destroyed  by  fire 
and  5  others  damaged. 

The  mine-laying  ships  ROLAND  and  KAISER  as  well  as  6  vessels  of  the  17th 
Subchaser  Flotilla  carried  out  a  mine-laying  mission  from  their  base 
at  Kristiansand  South  according  to  plan.   (Deep  flanking  minefields  in 
the  area  between  Stavanger  and  Lister. 

The  Naval  Staff  directs  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Norway,  with  copies  to 
Group  North,  the  Admiral  Arctic  Ocean,  the  Fleet,  and  the  Commanding 
Admiral,  Cruisers  to  get  in  touch  with  the  Fleet  (Commanding  Admiral, 
Cruisers)  and  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  and  to  comment  jointly  on  the 
question  of  where  the  enemy  has  a  better  chance  to  prevent  the  sailing 
of  our  ships  through  submarines  and  mines,  at  Trondheim  or  at  Narvik? 
The  Naval  Staff  wants  to  know  where  enemy  submarines  find  better  oper- 
ating possibilities  and  where  our  defenses  are  more  effective. 

Where  are  geographical  conditions  more  favorable  for  laying  mines? 
Where  can  the  enemy  lay  mines  more  readily  undetected  and  unhampered? 
Where  is  it  simpler  for  us  to  sweep  mines,  considering  the  present  state 
of  our  defenses? 

The  report  is  to  be  submitted  through  Group  North. 

3.   Arctic  Ocean; 

Enemy  Situation: 

Nothing  to  report. 

Own  Situation: 

The  HIPPER  force  entered  Kaa  Fjord  at  0700;   operation  "Zarin" 
was  carried  out  according  to  plan.  All  4  destroyers  were  damaged  some- 
what by  the  heavy  seas.   The  HIPPER  sprang  a  leak  in  the  boiler  plant 
and  is  not  entirely  ready  for  operations. 

For  a  brief  report  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Cruisers  see  l/Skl 
24024/42  Gkdos.  in  War  Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  Ila. 

The  Naval  Staff  believes  that  mining  operation  "Zarin" 
in  quadrant  AT  16  was  carried  out  somewhat  late  in  the 
season,  since  shipping  around  the  northern  tip  of  Novaya 
Zemlya  stops  during  October  because  of  the  ice  situation. 
On  the  other  hand  a  minefield  in  quadrant  AT  4817  as 
suggested  by  Group  North  would  interfere  with  our  sub- 
marine operations  in  the  entrance  of  the  White  Sea  to 
such  an  extent  that  it  would  cancel  the  advantages  in 
mining  that  area.  Thus  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  had 
only  the  choice  of  following  the  original  plan  or  giving 
up  the  idea  of  laying  a  minefield  altogether.  Further- 
more, the  Naval  Staff  has  not  been  informed  of  the 
opinion  of  the  Admiral,  Arctic  Ocean  in  this  matter. 


-  520  - 


28  Sep.  19hP-  CONFIDENTIAL 

IV.   Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  Baltic  Sea 

No  special  incidents  in  the  area  of  the  Commanding  Admiral,  Defenses, 
Baltic  Sea.   Steamer  FRANZ  RUDOLF  (1,^19  GRT)  sank  at  0400  off  the 
Pomeranian  coast  tn  quadrant  AO  8612  for  reasons  a3  yet  unknovn.  Dur- 
ing maneuvers  in  quadrant  AO  9812  near  Gdynia  5  mines  exploded.   1  tor- 
pedo recovery  vessel  vas  damaged. 

Calling  attention  to  the  great  number  of  enemy  mines  in  the  Baltic  Sea, 
especially  the  eastern  Baltic  Sea  and  the  Bay  of  Danzig,  which  jeopar- 
dizes submarine  training  greatly,  the  Naval  Staff  requests  the  Air  Force 
Operations  Staff  to  take  measures  to  combat  enemy  planes  by  providing 
sufficient  numbers  of  night  fighters,  since  the  Navel  Staff  must  require 
that' enemy  planes  are  fought  off  in  the  west  before  they  can  drop  mines. 
VTe  cannot  afford  to  have  submarine  training  interrupted  and  hampered, 
and  must  prevent  this  with  all  possible  means.   The  A.ir  Force  Operations 
Staff  is  requested  to  report  steps  taken. 

No  special  incidents  in  the  area  of  the  Commander,  Mine  Sweepers,  Baltic 
Sea.   Subchase  near  Steinort  was  unsuccessful.   Tanker  MITTELEEER  ar- 
rived at  Vasa  under  her  own  power. 


V.   Merchant  Shipping 

Because  of  increased  danger  of  air  attack  the  ermament  of  British  mer- 
chant vessels  is  being  reinforced  as  regards  the  number  and  size  of  the 
guns . 

Eetween  15  May  and  31  Jul.  93*500  tons  of  supplies  were  shipped  from 
U.S.  ports  to  the  Persian  Gulf.  Not  counting  troop  transports,  30  to 
ho   ships  of  5,000  GRT  each  are  being  used  for  this  purpose. 

For  these  and  other  reports  concerning  foreign  merchant  shipping  see 
Brief  Report  No.  32/42  of  the  Naval  Intelligence  Division,  Foreign 
Merchant  Marine  Branch. 


VI.  Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 

The  British  Admiralty  announced  the  loss  of  submarine  THORN, 
which  probably  had  been  stationed  in  home  waters.  According  to  the 
radio  intercept  service,  the  British  steamer  BARON  SALT0UN  {3,^0^   GRT) 
sent  an  SOS  signal  from  southwest  of  the  Azores  at  2127,  and  an  uniden- 
tified ship  from  130  miles  southeast  of  Reykjavik  at  2003. 

British  ships  were  located  150  miles  southwest  of  Rockall  Bank,  and 
35  and  155  miles  northwest  of  Porcupine  Bank.  At  1315  a  Sunderland  plane 
reported  a  submarine  650  miles  southwest  of  Rockall  Bank,  and  evidently 
in  connection  with  this  reported  an  attack  on  a  submarine.  Air  recon- 
naissance of  both  groups  over  the  rendezvous  area  furnished  no  special 
information. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

3  more  submarines  left  for  the  zone  of  operations. 


B-1052 

-  321  - 


28  Sep.  1942  CONFIDENTIAL 

No  success  reports  were  received  from  the  submarines  in  the  North  Atlan- 
tic, off  the  U.S.  east  coast,  in  the  South  Atlantic,  and  the  Mediterran- 
ean. 

In  the  Vest  Indies,  however,  submarine  U  "175"  sank  a  6,000  GRT 
steamer  in  quadrant  E0  1396,  a  3,550  GRT  steamer  in  quadrant  E0  1497, 
and  a  4,500  GRT  steamer  in  quadrant  E0  1446.   Submarine  U  "332"  reported 
sinking  steamer  REGISTAN  (5,886  GRT)  in  quadrant  EE  8l84. 

For  details  see  supplement  to  submarine  situation  in  War  Diary,  Part  B, 
Vol.  IV. 


VII.  Aerial  Warfare 

1.  British  Isles  and  Vicinity: 

During  the  day  reconnaissance  and  fighter  bomber  missions 
were  flown. 

In  the  Great  Yarmouth  area  1  steamer  of  1,500  to  2,000  GRT  proceeding 
in  a  convoy  of  6  steamers  and  2  destroyers  was  damaged  at  1055.  A  sim- 
ilar success  was  reported  from  the  Cape  Finis terre  area. 

2.  Mediterranean  Theater; 

Convoy  and  reconnaissance  missions,  nuisance  raids,  and  attacks 
on  ships  in  the  Suez  roadstead  were  carried  out  without  observed  effect. 

3.  Eastern  Front; 

The  General  of  the  Air  Force  reported  5^  planes  shot  down  at 
the  Army  front.   Otherwise  nothing  special  to  report. 


VIII.  Warfare  in  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Black  Sea 

1.   Enemy  Situation,  Mediterranean; 

Messages  intercepted  by  the  radio  intercept  service  indicate 
that  submarines  are  being  transferred  from  home  waters  or  Gibraltar 
to  the  Mediterranean,  or  that  supplies  are  about  to  be  shipped  to 
Malta,  possibly  simultaneously  from  the  east  and  the  west. 

Contradictory  agent  reports  stating  that  a  convoy  passed  through  the 
Strait  of  Gibraltar  during  the  night  of  26  September  had  not  been  con- 
firmed by  air  reconnaissance  by  1500. 

Between  1900  and  2055  radar  located  first  7,  and  later  a  total  of  18 
ships  off  Marsa  Matruh  3  to  10  miles  off  the  coast.  At  the  same  time 
an  air  attack  was  made  on  Marsa  Matruh.  A  message  was  picked  up  from 
Marsa  Matruh  reporting  an  attack  by  surface  forces  at  1958.  The  report 
was  not  confirmed. 

According  to  an  Italian  report,  British  destroyers  arrived  in  the  eastern 
Mediterranean  from  the  Red  Sea.  Furthermore  a  convoy  is  to  be  escorted 
to  Malta  from  the  eastern  Mediterranean  under  especially  heavy  air 


9-1052 

-  322  - 


28  Sep.  19^2  CONFIDENTIAL 

cover  in  the  beginning  of  October. 

According  to  another  Italian  agent  report,  important  documents  were  sent 
to  Madrid  by  Spanish  authorities,  which  were  obtained  from  the  British 
plane  which  crashed  near  Cadiz  on  25  Sep.;   the  crew  perished.  The  doc- 
uments are  in  French,  dated  22  Sep.,  and  deal  with  British  attacks  on 
French  Morocco,  Tunisia,  and  other  spots  In  French  North  Africa. 

An  investigation  has  been  started  at  once.  The  outcome 
must  be  awaited. 

2.  Own  Situation,  Mediterranean; 

During  the  night  of  27  Sep.,  enemy  planes  attacked  Benghazi, 
damaging  buildings .  The  Naval  Staff  at  once  telephoned  to  the  Naval 
Representatives  at  the  Armed  Forces  Operations  Staff,  the  Air  Force  Op- 
erations Staff  and  the  Army  High  Command  the  report  received  at  2201 
from  the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  concerning  ships  located  off  Marsa 
Matruh  and  the  message  concerning  the  attack  (see  Enemy  Situation). 
At  2350  the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  reported  that  no  enemy  action 
was  confirmed.  At  2125  the  alert  was  cancelled,  since  no  further  ships 
were  located. 

The  Armed  Forces  Operations  Staff  Informed  the  German  General  at  Rome 
about  the  suggestion  made  by  the  Naval  Staff  to  the  Armed  Forces  High 
Command  for  the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  concerning  the  mining  of 
French  territorial  waters  off  Cape  Bon.   (See  War  Diary_  25  Sep.)  The 
Armed  Forces  Operations  Staff  asked  the  German  General  at  Rome  to  sup- 
port this  suggestion,  which  was  approved  by  the  Armed  Forces  High  Com- 
mand, together  with  the  German  Admiral,  Rome,  at  the  Italian  Armed 
Forces  High  Command.  For  copy  of  the  telegram  of  the  Armed  Forces  Op- 
erations Staff  to  the  Naval  Staff  see  l/Skl  2403  V1*  2  Gkdos.  in  War 
Diary,  Part  C,  Vol.  XIII.  The  telegram  was  approved  by  the  Fuehrer. 

The  Naval  Staff  informed  the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  accordingly. 

The  German  Naval  Command,  Italy  takes  the  following  stand  concerning 
the  wish  of  Naval  Group,  South  to  make  available  naval  barges  for  the 
Admiral,  Aegean  Sea: 

a.  So  far  Ik  naval  barges  of  the  35  built  in  the  first  2 
series  have  been  lost.  Of  the  remaining  21  naval  barges,  only  9  are 
fully  ready  for  operations,  and  13  are  ready  to  a  limited  extent.  3 
naval  barges  are  in  transfer  to  North  Africa. 

b.  Under  present  conditions  naval  barges  are  the  only  means 
for  transporting  coastal  supplies  between  Tobruk  and  Marsa  Matruh.   In 
spite  of  maximum  utilization  of  the  barges,  supplies  are  Insufficient 
for  the  front.   In  view  of  the  extremely  critical  supply  situation, 
every  effort  must  be  made  to  increase  the  number  of  naval  barges. 

c.  Therefore  it  is  suggested  that  the  4  naval  barges  still 
in  the  Aegean  area  be  transferred  to  the  German  Naval  Command,  Italy 
for  North  Africa.  In  return  the  Admiral,  Aegean  Sea  will  receive  a 
steamer  to  be  selected  for  the  purpose  which  will  have  the  same  cargo 
apace. 

The  Naval  Staff  believes  this  suggestion  appropriate. 

3.  Transport  of  Supplies  to  North  Africa; 

Motor  ship  BARBARO  sank  during  the  night  of  27  Sep.  while 


-  523  -  8-1052 


28  Sep.  1  COKFIDBKTIAL 

-ng  toved  into     rino.   Contrary  to  earlier  reports,  unfortunately 
considerable  qua     Lea  of  German  fuel  for  the  Amy,  Navy,  and  ;.ir  Force,' 
as  well  as  ljc  motor  vehicles,  were  on  board. 

During  air  attacks  on  Benghazi  and  Tobruk,  1  Italian  motor  barge  was 
sunk  and  steamer  SYBILLA  (1,077  GRT)  was  damaged  and  grounded.^ 

Air  attacks  on  the  convoy  of  steamer  FOUGIEB  were  unsuccessful. 

Otherwise  supply  and  convoy  traffic  proceeded  without  incidents. 

4.   Ares  Raval  Croup  South: 

i  i  -  ■  ■     ■ 

Aegean  Sea: 

lag  to  report. 

Black  Sea: 

Zr.ery  Situation: 

Lively  reconnaissance  and  combat  missions  against  supply  traf- 
fic along  the  Crimean  coast  were  continued.   Ivanbaba  was  again  attacked . 
In  the  night  of  26  Sep.,  3  PT  boats  tried  to  approach  Ivanbaba  but 
turned  away  when  fired  upon.   Group  South  assumes  that  the  operation 
was  in  connection  with  mining  operations  and  air  attacks. 

According  to  air  reconnaissance  and  radio  intelligence,  7  ships  were 
east  of  Yalta  at  1S30  on  27  Sep.,  and  at  1930  one  westbound  destroyer 
was  south  of  Yalta.   Fire  from  Yalta  was  unsuccessful.   On  27  Sep.  in 
the  afternoon  a  submarine  was  sighted  and  attacked  with  depth  bombs  be- 
tween Ak  Mechet  and  Zarkhankut . 

Outside  of  the  Danube  delta  at  Ochakov  South  a  submarine  made  an  unsuc- 
cessful attack  on  the  Rumanian  torpedo  boat  NALUCA  from  a  great  distance . 

The  Admiral,  Black  Sea  and  Group  South  assume  that  the  submarine  is 
operating  in  order  to  disrupt  convoy  traffic  and  to  prevent  withdrawal 
of  German  troops  in  the  Crimea  to  the  Caucasus.   It  is  not  considered 
likely  that  an  operation  against  the  Crimean  coast  is  being  planned. 

On  25  Sen.  German  air  reconnaissance  sighted  daytine  ship  traffic  near 
Gelendzhik, Tuapse,  and  Gagry. 

Own  Situation: 

2  Italian  subschasers  were  sent  out  on  patrol  after  enemy 
forces  were  sighted  south  of  Feodosiya. 

Kinesveeping,  convoy,  and  transport  traffic  proceeded  according  to 
plan  in  the  Black  Sea  and  the  Sea  of  Azov. 

Group  South  reports  that  the  staff  of  the  Admiral,  Black  Sea  has  been 
ordered  to  transfer  speedily  from  Bucharest  to  Simferopol.   The  Admiral, 
Black  Sea  will  set  up  a  Naval  Liaison  Staff,  Rumania.   (See  Telegram 
2000.) 

The  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division  will  take  further  steps. 

The  Naval  Staff  sends  the  following  instructions  to  Naval  Group  South 
and  the  Naval  Liaison  Officer  to  the  Army  High  Command  (with  copy  to 
the  Admiral,  Black  Sea)  on  the  basis  of  the  statem-e     sde  by  the  Naval 


-  324  - 


28  Sep.  19^2  CONFIDENTIAL 

Liaison  Officer  at  the  Army  General  Staff  to  Group  South  about  Army  sup- 
plies (see  War  Diary  25  Sep.): 

a.  It  is  impossible  to  transfer  additional  motor  mine  sweeper 
flotillas  to  the  Black  Sea,  since  due  to  the  increased  British  mine  of- 
fensive the  forces  still  In  Germany  are  hardly  adequate  for  tasks  there. 

b.  The  Naval  Staff  instructs  the  Naval  Liaison  Officer  at 
the  Army  General  Staff  to  get  in  touch  with  the  Chief  of  Staff  of  the 
Admiral,  Black  Sea  personally.   (See  Telegram  1719.) 


IX.   Situation  East  Asia 
Nothing  special  to  report. 


X.   Army  Situation 

1.  Russian  Front: 

Army  Group  A: 

The  operation  in  the  direction  of  Tuapse  Is  making  slow 
progress.  At  the  Caucasian  front  enemy  attacks  were  repulsed  at  the 
Sancharo  Pass.   In  the  Terek  sector  enemy  positions  at  the  Kharista 
were  rroken  through;   the  Baksan  bridgehead  was  widened.   Sovietski 
was  stormed* 

Army  Group  B: 

The  battle  for  Stalingrad  is  continuing  with  undiminished 
fury.  Further  sections  of  the  city  were  taken.  Enemy  pressure  con- 
tinues in  the  Kotluban  area.  Several  enemy  attacks  were  repulsed. 

Central  Army  Group; 

Enemy  attacks  were  repulsed  at  Orel  and  in  the  Rzhev  area. 

Northern  Army  Group: 

At  the  Neva  River,  the  enemy  succeeded  in  establishing  p 
bridgehead  2  kilometers  wide  and  1  kilometer  deep  across  from  Dubrovka, 
The  bridgehead  was  sealed  off. 

2.  Finnish  Front: 

Enemy  reconnaissance  activity  on  the  southeast  front,  in  the 
Loukhi  sector,  and  at  the  neck  of  the  Rybachi  Peninsula. 

3.  North  Africa: 

No  situation  report  has  been  received c 


************************* 


-  325  - 


6-1052 


CONFIDENTIAL 
29  Sep.  1942 

Items  of  Political  Importance 

Willkie's  statement  in  Moscow  has  set  off  new  discussions  concerning  the 
second  front  in  Europe.  Attlee  reprimanded  Willkie  sharply,  stating 
that  the  leaders  of  the  Allies  do  not  need  a  public  reminder  on  this 
subject.   Furthermore  there  is  complete  accord  among  the  Allies  about 
war  plans.   The  Sunday  Times  demands  that  the  main  emphasis  be  put  on 
aerial  bombardment  of  Germany.  With  reference  to  Willkie's  statement, 
Secretary  of  State  Hull  declared  that  no  change  has  occurred  in  Allied 
plans. 


Special  Items 

The  Commander,  Destroyers  reported  the  following  information  about  tor- 
pedo boats  in  October  1942: 


Situation  29  Sep.  1942 
I.   War  in  Foreign  Waters 
1.   Enemy  Situation. 


1 .  At  the  disposal  of  Group  West: 

a.  The  Chief  of  the  3rd  Torpedo  Boat  Flotilla  with  torpedo  boats 
T  "4",  T  "10",  T  "13"  (flotilla  leader),  T  "lV,  T  "18",  T  "19";   of 
these  T  "13",  T  "18",  and  T  "19"  will  not  be  ready  for  operations  until 
approximately  the  middle  of  October. 

b.  The  Chief  of  the  5th  Torpedo  Boat  Flotilla  with  T  "22",  T  "23" 
(flotilla  leader),  and  the  FALKE  will  become  available  approximately 

7  October  following  maneuvers.  • 

2.  At  the  disposal  of  Group  North; 

T  "9"  and  T  "12"  in  the  Norwegian  area. 

3.  At  the  disposal  of  the  Torpedo  Inspectorate  for  firing  practice 
from  5  to  24  Oct.:   T  "16",  T  "I7",  T  "20",  the  GREIF,  and  the  K0ND0R, 
insofar  as  these  vessels  do  not  have  sufficient  fuel  to  carry  out  ma- 
neuvers of  their  own. 

4.  In  the  shipyards  for  overhaul  and  repair: 

T  "2"  (to  be  commissioned  with  the  crew  of  T  "7"),  T  "5",  T  "7",  T  "11", 
T  "15",  the  MOSWE,  and  the  JAGUAR. 

5.  In  training: 

T  "21",  the  JAGUAR,  the  GREIF,  and  the  K0ND0R  (cf.  paragraph  3). 

6.  Warship  Construction  Testing  Command: 

T  "24"  after  commissioning,  T  "21"  for  final  trials. 


-  326  - 


B- 1 C  5  2 


29  Sep.  1942  CONFIDENTIAL 

No r  th  ^A :t  1  ant  1c  : 

According  to  an  intelligence  report  from  Portugal  a  convoy 
carrying  troops  for  the  Middle  East  left  U.S.  porta  between  19  and  21 
Sep.  escorted  by  light  cruisers.  The  3ize  cf  the  convey  is  unknown. 

Indian  Ocean : 

Radio  Intelligence  intercepted  an  SSS  signal  at  201  '4  from  an 
unidentified  steamer  at  09°  10'  N,  81©  07'  £  concerning  pursuit  by  a 
submarine,  and  at  2040  the  repetition  by  Colombo  of  a  QQQ  signal  Prom 
the  British  steamer  F00  SHTNG  (2,234  GRT)  at  09°  23'  N,  81 o  00«  £. 

Pacific ^Ocean * 

Allied  reconnaissance  at  0128  reported  2  destroyers  and  1 
steamer  off  New  Hanover  (Bismarck  Archipelago)  and  at  03^2  a  southeast- 
bound  heavy  cruiser  off  Bougainville. 

Radio  intelligence  also  Intercepted  a  code  word  issued  by  an  unidentified 
naval  commander,  evidently  in  connection  with  operations  in  the  Madagascar 
area  or  some  spot  in  the  southwest  Pacific. 

2.   Own  Situation: 

Ship  "10"  reported  at  lolj   by  short  signal:   "27  Sep.  second 
group  not  deciphered;   8  Oct.  1000  Neckar." 


The  Naval  Staff  confirms  receipt  by  Radiogram  1856  to  ship  "10 


». 


"1.   Naval  Staff  assumes  from  brief  signal  that  ship  "13"  will 
leave  Balikpapan  27  Sep.  and  arrive  at  rendezvous  point  "Neckar"  at 
1000  on  8  Oct. 

2.   Naval  Attache,  Tokyo  is  being  instructed  as  follows  by 
the  Naval  Staff:   If  interpretation  in  1.  is  wrong,  repeat." 

The  Naval  Staff  informs  ship  "10"  and  all  ships  in  foreign  waters  by 
Radiogram  2128  that  the  REGENSBURG  left  Batavia  on  28  Sep.  and  will 
arrive  at  Singapore  at  0900  on  1  Oct.,  and  that  the  RHAK0TIS  left 
Yokohama  on  27  Sep.,  will  call  at  Bangkok,  Shogan,  Balikpapan,  and 
Batavia,  and  leave  Batavia  on  29  Oct. 

According  to  the  German  Armistice  Commission,  France,  the  British  ad- 
vance from  Tananarive  to  the  south  reached  the  area  50'km.  south  of  the 
capital  on  27  Sep.  in  the  face  of  opposition.   (See  Telegram  19^5.) 

On  29  Sep.  the  Japanese  Naval  Attache  delivered  the  written  reply  of 
the  Japanese  Navy  concerning  operational  areas  for  Gorman  auxiliary 
cruisers.   It  includes  a  chart  of  the  operational  area  suggested  by  the 
Naval  Staff  in  the  Indian  Ocean,  and  points  out  that  the  agreement  is 
only  temporary,  "since  a  new  agreement  will  be  reached  when  operations 
by  a  German  auxiliary  cruiser  become  possible." 

The  Japanese  agree  with  the  suggestion  of  the  Nazal  Staff  concerning 
the  area  in  the  southeast  Pacific  south  of  00  and  east  of  120O  w,  with 
the  following  proviso: 

a.  Since  Japan  strongly  desires  Argentina  and  Chile  to  re- 
main neutral,  the  ships  of  these  2  countries  are  not  to  be  attacked  in 
the  Pacific. 


B-105  2 
-  327  " 


29  Sep.    19^2  CONFIDENTIAL 

b.   There  should  be  no  operations  off  the  coast  of  Chile. 
In  addition  the  Naval  Attache  stated  orally: 

a.  Indian  Ocean: 

The  Japanese  Navy  approves  the  suggested  zone  of  opera- 
tions (35°  S,  60°  E  as  far  as  15°  S,  85°  E;   from  there  to  15°  S,  900  E, 
to  25°  S,  lioo  E,  to  45°  S,  110O  E),  and  in  addition  permits  operations 
in  the  area  vest  thereof  south  of  4oo  s  and  west  of  60<>  E. 

The  Japanese  Navy  requests  information  at  least  2  weeks  in  advance  when 
operations  are  planned  in  this  area. 

In  case  Japanese  forces  will  operate  in  this  area,  the  Japanese  Navy  will 
inform  Germany  in  time. 

b.  Southeastern  Pacific: 

For  the  time  being  the  Japanese  Navy  agrees  to  an  opera- 
tions zone  for  German  auxiliary  cruisers  south  of  the  Equator  and  east 
of  120°  W,  but  requests  for  political  reasons  that  no  attacks  be  made 
on  Argentine  and  Chilean  ships  and  that  there  be  no  operations  off  the 
Chilean  coast. 

No  assistance  can  be  expected  for  the  time  being  in  Japanese  bases  in 
the  New  Guinea  area  and  the  mandated  islands. 

Subsequently  the  Japanese  Naval  Attache  is  briefly  Informed  about  the 
area  in  which  German  submarines  are  expected  to  operate  off  Capetown  in 
the  near  future. 

The  Naval  Staff  will  send  corresponding  instructions  to  the  Naval  At- 
tache at  Tokyo  and  the  auxiliary  cruisers,  especially  ship  "45". 


II.   Situation  West  Area 

1.  Enemy  Situation: 
Nothing  to  report. 

2.  Own  Situation: 

Atlantic  Coast: 

Blockade-runner  BURGENLAND  had  to  turn  back  because  of  engine 
trouble  and  entered  the  Gironde  at  midnight.  No  particular  reports 
have  been  received  concerning  the  BRAKE.  The  breakthrough  is  evidently 
being  made  according  to  plan.  The  RIO  GRANDE  has  been  ordered  to  leave 
on  30  Sep. 

There  were  no  changes  in  the  situation  along  the  Atlantic  coast. 

Channel  Area: 

7  vessels  of  the  5th  PT  Boat  Flotilla  carried  out  a  mining 
mission  in  the  night  of  28  Sep.  according  to  plan.  For  brief  report 
see  Telegram  1023. 


-  328  -  B"1052 


29  Sep.  19^2  CONFIDENTIAL 

An  operation  to  lay  minefields  "Emll"  5  and  6  in  order  to  strengthen 
the  flanking  barrages  off  Fecamp  is  planned  for  the  night  of  29  Sep. 
and  has  already  been  started. 

Otherwise  nothing  special  to  report. 

Special  Items ; 

The  Commanding  Admiral,  Group  West  (Admiral  Saalwaechter) 
stated  by  telegram  on  20  Sep.  in  the  matter  of  communications  (see  War 
Diary  23  Sep.  and  26  Aug.),  prior  to  receiving  the  opinion  of  the  Naval 
Staff  of  22  Sep.,  that  up  to  20  Sep.,  the  day  he  relinquished  his  com- 
mand, no  cases  had  come  to  his  attention  in  which  the  Naval  Staff  was 
not  satisfied  with  the  manner  in  which  Group  West  reported;  he  con- 
cludes that  no  such  cases  occurred  in  the  area  of  Group  West. 

The  reaction  to  the  communication  from  the  Naval  Staff 
mentioned  above,  dated  22  Sep.,  remains  to  be  seen. 


III.  North  Sea,  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean 

1.  North  Sea; 

Another  ground  mine  was  swept  north  of  Hook  of  Holland.  North 
of  Splckeroog  a  mine  exploded  next  to  patrol  boat  "1213"  in  32  meters 
of  water,  evidently  an  acoustic  mine. 

Otherwise  nothing  to  report. 

2.  Norway,  Arctic  Ocean; 

Enemy  Situation; 

Reconnaissance  over  Iceland,  the  Denmark  Strait,  and  the 
eastern  coast  of  Greenland  furnished  no  tactical  information. 

Approximately  45,000  GRT  of  merchant  tonnage  were  in  Molotovsk.  At 
the  mouth  of  the  Dvina  4  steamers  totalling  15,000  GRT  were  sighted. 
On  28  Sep.  there  were  27  ships  in  the  harbor  of  Archangel;   the  type 
and  size  could  not  be  determined. 

Own  Situation; 

During  the  night  of  28  Sep.  an  enemy  battery  on  the  Rybachi 
Peninsula  unsuccessfully  fired  at  a  westbound  convoy  and  at  Nurmansaetti . 
We  returned  fire. 

Enemy  bombers  unsuccessfully  attacked  Havnlngsberg  from  an  altitude  of 
100  meters  at  1445.  At  1542  an  enemy  reconnaissance  plane  flew  over 
Bogen  Bay  and  probably  saw  that  the  TIRPITZ  was  leaving  for  the  Vest 
Fjord  for  maneuvers. 

Mine  ships  ROLAND  and  SKAGERRAK  left  Chris tiansand  South  for  the  south 
at  2230. 

Submarine  U  "117"  is  laying  mines  near  Iceland. 

Otherwise  nothing  special  to  report. 


-  J29  -  8-105  2 


Apr.    19--  COCTIDSMTIAL 

IV.   Skagerrak,  Baltic  Sea  Entrances,  3altic  Sea 

In  accordance  with  the  directive  of  the  Naval  Staff,  Naval  Station,  3altic 

a  cancelled  all  limitations  imposed  by  the  Navy  on  merchant  shipping 
in  the  Baltic  Sea.  Only  the  declared  areas  are  to  be  observed  as  here- 
tofore. 

This  step  was  taken  since  no  enemy  submarine  has  been 
reported  since  those  off  the  Swedish  coast  and  Libau  on 
17  and  28  Aug. 

Now,  according  to  the  report  by  Naval  Station,  Baltic,  it  is  believed 
that  steamer  FRANZ  RUDOLF  was  sunk  off  Funkenhagen  (see  Var  Diary  28 
Sep.)  by  a  torpedo. 

Further  information  must  be  awaited.   If  an  enemy  subma- 
rine was  responsible,  not  only  merchant  shipping  in  the 
southern  part  of  the  Baltic  would  be  affected,  but  es- 
pecially submarine  training  and  fleet  movements  would  be 
considerably  hampered. 

The  Armed  Forces  Operations  Staff  informed  the  Haval  Staff  of  its  reply 
to  the  request  of  the  Commanding  General,  Armed  Forces,  Denmark,  in 
ch  it  was  stated  that  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command  and  the  Naval 
Staff  recognize  the  importance  of  the  sea  lanes  from  Varnemuende  to 
Gjedser  as  veil  as  those  in  the  Sound  and  the  Great  3elt,  and  consider 
protection  of  these  routes  as  important  as  that  of  other  essential 
routes.   However,  it  is  necessary,  in  view  of  the  many  tasks  to  be  per- 
formed and  the  limited  number  of  minesweepers  available,  to  decide  from 
case  to  case  depending  on  the  situation  where  minesveeping  operations 
are  most  important. 

This  is  the  stand  the  Naval  Staff  had  asked  the  Armed  Forces  High  Com- 
mand to  take. 

In  accordance  with  the  directive  of  the  Armed  Forces  High  Command  Opera- 
tions Staff  concerning  reinforcement  of  coastal  defenses,  the  Commanding 
General  Armed  Forces,  Denmark  informed  the  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster 
Division  that  at  present  no  all-around  defenses  can  be  provided  for 
Skagen  and  Frederikshaven,  since  only  limited  equipment  is  available". 
Since  these  2  localities  are  the  only  ones  about  which  the  Navy  is  con- 
cerned, the  Naval  Staff  has  no  interest  in  other  aspects  of  the  question 
at  the  present  time. 

The  Naval  Staff  Quartermaster  Division  will  handle  the  matter. 

Eastern  Baltic  Sea; 

Zr.emy  Situation: 

According  to  the  Air  Force  Operations  Staff,  16  British 
planes,  among  them  6  seaplanes^  arrived  in  Leningrad  on  26  Sep.  for  the 
purpose  of  laying  mines. 

Own  Situation: 

Between  Tytersaari  and  Peninsaari  8  mines  and  8  cutter  floats 
were  swept.   The  weather  somewhat  interfered  with  minesveeping  opera- 
tions in  the  Gulf  of  Finland  and  the  Gulf  of  Riga. 

Convoy  and  transport  operations  proceeded  according  to  plan. 


-  330  - 


29  Mar.  1942  CONFIDENTIAL 

The  Armed  Forces  Operations  Staff  has  now  confirmed  by  telephone  that 
Finland  has  agreed  to  the  transfer  of  the  coastal  mine  vessels  and 
Italian  subchasers  from  Lake  Ladoga  to  the  Gulf  of  Finland. 

The  Naval  Staff  therefore  instructed  Group  North  to  take  the  necessary 
steps  for  the  immediate  transfer  of  the  vessels. 

Upon  inquiry  by  the  Italian  Admiral  at  the  Naval  Staff,  he  is  informed 
of  the  plans  to  transfer  the  Italian  subchasers  and  have  them  operate 
from  Kotka  as  long  as  the  ice  situation  permits,  and  to  have  them  spend 
the  winter  at  Reval  thereafter. 


V.   Submarine  Warfare 

1.  Enemy  Situation; 

A  plane  attacked  a  westbound  submarine  with  depth  charge